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Ascending to the throne in 1509, his reign saw the decisive first steps in the English Reformation and marriage to six wives.

Acceding to the throne at the age of nine, he ruled for six years.

Sometimes known as 'Bloody Mary', she oversaw a return of the English church to Roman Catholicism.

The Virgin Queen, Gloriana, Elizabeth reigned until her death at the age of 69.

James VI of Scotland, crowned James I of England and Ireland in March 1603, reigned until his death in March 1625.

King of England, Scotland and Ireland, whose reign ended in civil war, execution and the abolition of the Monarchy.

The period from the execution of Charles I in 1649 until the Restoration of the monarchy in 1660.

Son of Charles I, he reigned from the Restoration until his death in February 1685.

The brother of Charles II, he reigned from 1685 and fled abroad when William of Orange invaded England in 1688.

The son-in-law and daughter of James II, they reigned as joint monarchs after the invasion of 1688. Mary II died in 1694 and William III reigned alone until his own death in 1702.

The sister of Mary II and daughter of James II, she reigned from 1702 to 1714.

Great-grandson of James I, he came to throne because other claimants were excluded for being Catholic. He was the first monarch of the House of Hanover.


Includes records of religious houses, higher clergy and early urban government.

Includes records of eyres, lay subsidies, higher clergy, religious houses and urban government.

Includes records of lay subsidies raised, urban government, higher clergy and religious houses.

Includes records of urban and metropolitan government, religious houses and higher clergy.

Includes records of Parliament, of higher clergy, and manorial records such as feet of fines.

Includes extensive official and private records of Parliament, and the urban history of London, Glasgow, Cardiff and other major cities.

Includes records of proceedings in Parliament, higher clergy, office holders in central government and the Survey of London.

Includes Ordnance Survey maps, records of higher clergy, and the Survey of London and other sources relating to civic government and urbanisation.