Periods > Charles I (1625-49)

King of England, Scotland and Ireland, whose reign ended in civil war, execution and the abolition of the Monarchy.

1628  Petition of Right

Presented during Charles's third Parliament, it sought to define the role of Parliament in approving taxation, and stated some rights of the subject.

Suggested resources

  1. Charles I, 1627 - The Peticion Exhibited to His Majestie by the Lords Spirituall and Temporall and Co[m]mons in this p[re]sent Parliament assembled conc[er]ning divers Rights and Liberties of the Subjects: with the Kings Majesties Royall Aunswere thereunto in full Parliament.
  2. Engraving - Petition of Right, 3 Charles I
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1634  Ship Money

A levy on coastal towns for expenses of the navy. Levied several times from 1634 onwards, it aroused opposition due to its unusually high level, its extension to inland towns, and its use in peacetime.

Suggested resources

  1. Historical Collections - 1639-40, January-March (1 of 2)
  2. Historical Collections - Speeches in the Long Parliament
  3. Concerning Ship-money
  4. Ship Money
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1640  Short Parliament

The first meeting of Parliament after the Personal Rule. It sat during April and May.

Suggested resources

  1. Journal of the House of Commons: volume 2 - 1640-1643
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1642  Battle of Edgehill

The first major meeting of Royalist and Parliamentary troops of the Civil War, on October 23rd.

Suggested resources

  1. Historical Collections - October 1642
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1644  2nd Battle of Newbury

The earl of Manchester and Sir William Waller took on the king's army in a second battle near Newbury (also spelled Newberry in sources). This was an indecisive engagement.

Suggested resources

  1. Historical Collections - The Earl of Essex's march into the west, June 1644
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1644  Battle of Marston Moor

The largest single battle of the Civil War, won by Parliamentary forces.

Suggested resources

  1. Historical Collections - Proceedings in the North, 1644
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1645  Battle of Naseby

The decisive victory for Parliament, on 13th June.

Suggested resources

  1. Historical Collections - Military actions, January 1645 to the Battle of Naseby
  2. Historical Collections - Military actions, from the Battle of Naseby to the end of 1645
  3. House of Lords Journal Volume 7 - 16 June 1645
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1648  Assassination of Col. Thomas Rainsborough

Colonel Thomas Rainsborough, whose name is variously spelled, including as Rainborowe, was one of the most notable of the radical parliamentarians of the period. He was murdered at Pontefract by royalists in 1648.

Suggested resources

  1. Proceedings in Parliament: November 1st - December 1st 1648
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