Fifteenths and tenths, 1334

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Victoria County History

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Elizabeth Crittall (editor)

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1959

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294-303

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'Fifteenths and tenths, 1334', A History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume 4 (1959), pp. 294-303. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=102818 Date accessed: 17 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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FIFTEENTHS AND TENTHS: QUOTAS OF 1334

By the last quarter of the 13th century Englishmen had become familiar with a system of tax assessment which took no account of such old-fashioned assessments of wealth as hides or knight's fees. This new system of assessment was based on a valuation of certain personal property, usually described by the vague word 'movables'. Of this value Parliament had granted the king a fraction: the fraction itself varied from grant to grant but in each grant a greater fraction was levied on cities, towns, and royal demesne than on other areas. Thus in 1332 the townsman found himself contributing a tenth of his assessed movables but the countryman only a fifteenth. In addition there were some categories of goods which the collectors were instructed to ignore, and as a result the statistics from the collections deal only with those Englishmen and women who were wealthy enough to fall under the scrutiny of the local assessors. It is rather like an iceberg the size of whose submerged depths is unknown. In addition there was probably evasion and under-assessment everywhere.

At each fresh grant there was a new assessment. The resulting rolls were preserved in the Exchequer and were sometimes compared when evasion was suspected. (fn. 1) But the degree of survival varies very much from county to county. Wiltshire has only the rolls from 1269, 1297, 1327, and 1332. (fn. 2) The roll for 1269 is a simple list of village totals; and that of 1297 is not an elaborate list of individual personal possessions (such as that for part of Yorkshire) (fn. 3) but merely a collector's note of the totals collected from each hundred and from the boroughs. In 1327 the Wiltshire roll has 33 membranes and its list of boroughs and villages and of property owners is of the same form as the roll from Somerset already printed. (fn. 4) The roll for 1332 follows the same form and is of particular importance since it was the last tax to be assessed on a fresh personal valuation. (fn. 5)

In 1334 the Exchequer was content to accept from each city, borough, and vill a sum which had resulted from a series of local negotiations between the collectors and the communities. So long as this sum reached at least that of the personal assessments in each vill in 1332 no further questions were asked, and the local community was left to share out the tax among its members as it pleased. The result of this change of policy can be seen in the sudden shortening of the Wiltshire rolls which now needed to be no longer than a list of the 540 or so separate vills in the county; personal names and assessments disappear. (fn. 6) It can also be seen in the various increments when the 1332 and 1334 sums are compared. Thus Salisbury paid £74 6s. 1d. in 1332 and £75 0s. 2d. in 1334; Old Salisbury paid 17s. 4d. on each occasion, probably a concession to its empty poverty; Wilton's total rose by 6s. and the whole rural hundred of Staple paid 10s. more. This close relation between the personal assessments of 1332 and the 'quotas' agreed upon in 1334 makes it impossible to put too much weight on the figures yielded in 1334, as an exposition of the whole of the 'wealth' of the various places in the county and the kingdom.

In the next grant and collection of a fifteenth, in 1336, it was found convenient to use the same assessment as in 1334, and not to inquire further into personal wealth. But what began as an administrative convenience hardened into a convention, and there were villages which were paying at the same rate in the reign of Charles I as they had been in 1334. But in addition to the ease of collection the Exchequer soon had a good reason for not wishing to carry out a fresh personal reassessment. Reassessments are all very well if a tax collector thinks that people are getting wealthier, but if in fact they are worse off it is to the Exchequer's interest to hold by a bargain like that of 1334 and to listen only to the most desperate petitions for relief, such as those from places washed away by the sea, drowned in the floods, or burned by the Scots and Welsh. (fn. 7)

In the years immediately following the Black Death there was an urgent need to give some temporary and local relief to places whose population had diminished, but the rigidity of the assessments even between 1334 and 1352 may be another of those signs that some contraction in population and economic activity was already under way and had been noticed by the Government. In the years of the plagues the local quotas of 1334 were adjusted by applying a relief fund made up of the fines collected locally from offenders against the Statute of Labourers. No schedule of village-by-village reliefs seems to have survived from Wiltshire, and no relief was applied at all in the collections of 1352 and 1353 when many other counties were relieved. In 1354 a sum of £280 9s. 5d. was applied against the £1,521 5s. 10d. which was due, and in later collections there were small reliefs obtained from the sale of the confiscated goods of fugitives and felons. (fn. 8)

In 1433 the complaints of the 'over-taxed, impoverished and depopulated places' was such that the parliamentary grant now specifically provided for a reduction (deduccio) in the rigid quotas of 1334. A sum of £4,000 (later £6,000) was distributed in relief. Wiltshire was faced with distributing £167 6s. 6¾d. or about 11 per cent. of the sum usually due. From the surviving rolls of deducciones it seems that at first there was a realistic basis of relief, and that a particular vill was not relieved in the same proportion each year and indeed might well not be relieved at all. In 1433 only 3 vills from the 8 in Cadworth hundred obtained relief, but in 1442 3 more were relieved and one of those relieved in 1433 had its relief cut. In 1446 only 4 of these 6 places were relieved. (fn. 9) But here again the flexible passed into rigidity and in the collections after 1480 the same sums were allowed without alteration. In the taxation rolls of the 1620's there are villages solemnly assessed to the sums fixed in 1334 abated by the reliefs fixed in the 1470's.

The basis for Table 1 is the roll of particulars for 8 Edward III (1334). (fn. 10) Where the text was obscure, this document has been checked against the rolls for 1332, (fn. 11) 1338–9 (fn. 12) and 1348–9 (fn. 13) and against a register, prepared about 1420, in which the township totals for the whole kingdom, apart from the palatinates of Chester and Durham, were entered. (fn. 14) The register contains several misreadings, and in certain other ways is of limited value for comparative purposes. Thus it places some vills in different hundreds from those to which they were assigned in 1334, without, however, necessarily indicating any change in the hundred totals, and sometimes the vill totals are different from those of 1334. (fn. 15)

All totals are expressed in the table in shillings and pence, even where in the original they are expressed also in pounds. The vill totals have been summed and have been found to tally with the hundred totals except in the cases of Chippenham and Warminster hundreds, which exhibit inexplicable discrepancies.

Wherever possible place-names have been identified with a modern equivalent, and for this purpose The Place-Names of Wiltshire (E.P.N.S., 1939) has been taken as the standard. This volume is arranged by the hundreds of 1086 and these in turn are subdivided into the civil parishes existing about the time of publication. Within the parishes are grouped hamlets, farms and other sites and places of no present administrative significance. By 1334 some of the Domesday hundreds had disappeared (fn. 16) and some of them had altered their constitution. Besides this there is no reason to conclude that the parishes of the 20th century always or indeed often coincide with the vills of 1334 that bear the same names. The identifications therefore are largely artificial. Places that are less than parishes have been entered in the table with the name of the enclosing parish, as given in The PlaceNames of Wiltshire, added in brackets. (fn. 17) These bracketed appendages are added only for the sake of helping the reader to find the vill upon the map and are not to be taken as indicating that the vills lay within those parishes in 1334 or even necessarily that they may be deemed to do so now. A consequence of the adoption of these methods is that some hamlets or even parishes appear in one hundred in 1334 and in another in The Place-Names of Wiltshire. Thus Surrendell was rated in Chippenham hundred in 1334, but it is said to lie 'in Hullavington', which was then a vill in Startley hundred. Vills of the same name but with different prefixes or suffixes, like East and West Tockenham and the three Blunsdons, and vills linked together to form a single parish, like Pitton and Farley, have been treated in the table as though each was a distinct parish in 1939. Changes in boundaries that have occurred since 1939 resulting in the absorption of one parish into another have been ignored. Places transferred to another county since 1334 are expressed, in round brackets, as 'in' that county. Unidentified places are enclosed in quotation marks.

The range of tax quotas was large. At the head of the ladder was Salisbury, assessed at 1,500s. At the foot were several tiny fiscal units assessed at 10s. or less. These are Choulston (4s.), Hatch (4s.), Ratfyn (5s. 6d.), Twyford (6s. 8d.), and Tytherley (3s.) in Amesbury hundred; Addeston (5s.) in Dole hundred; Ansty (8s.) and Whitecliff (6s. 8d.) in Dole hundred; Stokke and 'Ford' (8s. 6d.) in Kinwardstone hundred; Trowle (5s.) in Melksham hundred; Rabson (10s.) Shaw (8s.), and Snap (8s.) in Selkley hundred; and Melbourne (9s.) and Stoke (10s.) in Westbury hundred. They may be compared with the lists of small fiscal units of 1377 (p. 312), and of small parishes of 1428 (p. 314). Some names appear in all three lists. Table 3, which shows the most highly rated fiscal units, differs markedly from the Table on p. 313 which shows the fiscal units containing the largest number of tax payers in 1377. The head and foot of the ladder are brought into proportion by Table 2 which shows the percentage of fiscal units that fell into various size-groups, beginning with those paying less than 10s. and ending with those paying over 150s. The figures for the two neighbouring counties of Gloucestershire and Dorset are printed in parallel, and it will be seen that the distribution is very similar, and that the county averages also show affinities. These similarities do not show in other counties; (fn. 18) Lincolnshire, for example, had a much greater proportion of large quotas and Northumberland a preponderance of small assessments.

Table 1: Fifteenths and Tenths in 1334

Tenths

Salisbury

Salisburys.d.
Market aldermanry (fn. 19) 5250
Meadow aldermanry860
New Street aldermanry3829
St. Martin's aldermanry4778
Assessment of collectors289
Total1,500s.2d.

Other Places

s.d.
Bedwyn, borough468
Calne, borough1100
Chippenham with Rowden, borough3468
Cricklade, borough1100
Devizes, borough1200
Downton, borough1100
Malmesbury, borough2300
Marlborough, barton (fn. 20) 700
Marlborough, borough1600
Rowde, liberty (fn. 21) 1068
Salisbury, Old, borough174
Wilton, borough1700
1,597s.4d. (fn. 22)
Ludgershall, borough (fn. 23) 68

Fifteenths

s.d.
Hindon, town (fn. 24) 289

Alderbury Hundred 811s. 4d.

s.d.
Alderbury580
Dean, West500
Farley220
Gomeldon (in Idmiston)580
Grimstead, East400
" West500
Hurdcott (in Winterbourne Earls)180
Idmiston600
Laverstock550
Milford (in Laverstock) (fn. 25) 200
Pitton500
Plaitford (in Hants)434
Porton (in Idmiston)640
Whaddon (in Alderbury)280
Winterbourne Dauntsey400
" Earls500
" Gunner (fn. 26) 450
Winterslow, [West]600

Amesbury Hundred 1,755s. 10d.

s.d.
Ablington (in Figheldean)900
Allington300
Alton (in Figheldean)114
Amesbury, Great1934
" Priors268
" West280
Beaches, tithing of (in Wokingham, Berks.)300
'Berghfeld' (fn. 27) 90
Biddesden (in Chute)160
Boscombe768
Brigmerston568
Buckhurst, tithing of (in Wokingham, Berks.)280
Bulford434
Cholderton568
Choulston (in Figheldean)40
Compton (in Enford) (fn. 28) 134
Deverill, Kingston (fn. 29) 580
Diddenham (in Shinfield, Berks.)300
Durnford, Great434
" Little220
Durrington1440
Farley Hill (in Swallowfield, Berks.)240
Figheldean768
Hinton (in Hurst, Berks.)200
Hinton Hatch, tithing of (in Hurst, Berks.) (fn. 30) 40
Hinton Pipard (in Hurst, Berks.)160
'Hynduryngton' (in Durrington)360
Knighton (in Figheldean)600
Milston200
Netton (in Durnford)300
Newton Tony634
Newtown (in Durnford)180
Normanton (in Wilsford)120
Odes (in Hurst, Berks.)220
Ratfyn (in Amesbury)56
Salterton (in Durnford)250
Sheepbridge, Great (in Swallowfield, Berks.)600
Sheepbridge, Little (in Swallowfield, Berks.)268
Syrencot (in Figheldean)400
Tidworth400
Twyford (in Hurst, Berks.)68
Tytherley (in Hants) (fn. 31) 30
Wellow (in Hants)568
Winterslow, [East]800

Blackgrove Hundred 659s.

s.d.
Bincknoll (in Broad Hinton)434
Eastcott, Westcott and Walcot (all in Swindon) (fn. 32) 580
Elcombe (in Wroughton)720
Lydiard Tregoze800
Mannington (in Lydiard Tregoze)180
Midgehall (in Lydiard Tregoze)120
Overtown (in Wroughton)700
Salthrop (in Wroughton)190
Swindon, High1334
Swindon, West, and Westlecott (in Swindon)334
Uffcott (in Broad Hinton)334
Vastern (in Wootton Bassett)868
Walcot. See Eastcott
Westcott. See Eastcott
Westlecott. See Swindon, West.

Bradford Hundred 582s. 8d.

s.d.
Atworth380
Bradford968
Broughton Gifford700
Chalfield240
Farleigh, Monkton368
Holt1068
Rowley (in Wingfield)534
Trowle (in Bradford)260
Winsley834
Wraxall, [South]480

Branch Hundred 754s.

s.d.
Avon (in Stratford-sub-Castle)220
Bemerton334
Burcombe, [North]200
Chilhampton (in South Newton)234
Ditchampton (in Wilton)320
Fisherton Anger (in Salisbury)250
Fugglestone (in Bemerton)150
Langford, Hanging (in Steeple Langford)400
Langford, Little300
Langford, Steeple480
Newton, South334
Quidhampton (in Bemerton)640
Sherrington520
Stapleford800
Stoford (in South Newton)260
Ugford, [North]700
Wishford, Great600
Wishford, Little (in South Newton)150
Wylye650

Liberty of Bromham (fn. 33) 140s.

Cadworth Hundred 316s. 8d.

s.d.
Barford St. Martin634
Baverstock180
Burcombe, [South]220
Fovant680
Hurdcott (in Barford St. Martin)250
Netherhampton520
Sutton Mandeville550
Ugford, [South] (in Burcombe)134

Calne Hundred (fn. 34) 912s.

s.d.
Berwick Bassett700
Beversbrook (in Hilmarton)280
Blackland (in Calne)350
Calstone Wellington (in Calne)600
Cherhill968
Compton Bassett1600
Eastmanstreet (lost in Calne)220
Heddington1068
Quemerford (in Calne)640
Stock Street (in Calne) (fn. 35) 400
Stockley (in Calne)368
Studley (in Calne)380
Whetham (in Calne) (fn. 36) 220
Whitley (in Calne)250
Yatesbury1080

Cannings Hundred 664s.

s.d.
Bedborough (in Bishop's Cannings)400
Bourton and Easton (both in Bishop's Cannings) (fn. 37) 434
Cannings, Bishop's1600
Chittoe300
Coate (in Bishop's Cannings)1500
Easton. See Bourton
Highway (in Hilmarton)340
Horton (in Bishop's Cannings)734
Nursteed. See Wick
Roundway668
Wick and Nursteed (in Roundway)668

Cawdon Hundred 503s. 8d.

s.d.
Bramshaw (in Hants)250
Britford1268
Coombe Bissett700
Harnham (fn. 38) 700
Homington500
Longford (in Britford)320
Odstock300
Stratford Tony600
Whitsbury (in Hants)400

Chalke Hundred 666s. 8d.

s.d.
Alvediston800
Berwick St. John with Bridmore (in Berwick St. John)700
Chalke, Bower900
Chalke, Broad868
Ebbesborne Wake640
Fifield Bavant (in Ebbesborne Wake)300
Knighton (in Broad Chalke)600
Semley580
Stoke Farthing (in Broad Chalke)640
Tollard Royal640

Chedglow Hundred 649s. 8d.

s.d.
Ashley and Poole Keynes (in Glos.)668
Brokenborough with Burton Hill (in Malmesbury)560
Charlton and Garsdon700
Chedglow (in Crudwell) and Long Newnton480
Chelworth (in Crudwell) and Crudwell450
Cleverton (in Lea)180
Corston. See Rodbourne
Crudwell. See Chelworth
Eastcourt. See Hankerton
Ewen. See Kemble.
Garsdon. See Charlton
Hankerton and Eastcourt (in Crudwell)700
Kemble (in Glos.) and Ewen (in Kemble, Glos.)668
Lea and Milbourne (in Malmesbury)500
Newnton, Long. See Chedglow
Oaksey734
Poole Keynes. See Ashley
Rodbourne and Corston (both in Malmesbury)560
Sutton Benger300

Chippenham Hundred 2,102s. [recte 2,085s.]

s.d.
Alderton368
Allington (in Chippenham)468
Biddestone450
Box720
Bremhill3100
Cocklebury (in Langley Burrell)120
Colerne1000
Combe, Castle600
Corsham3000
Easton Grey180
Grittleton800
Hardenhuish180
Hartham (in Corsham)134
Kington St. Michael1468
Kington, West650
Lacock1600
Langley Burrell480
Leigh Delamere500
Littleton Drew200
Luckington320
Nettleton (fn. 39) 1300
Rowden. See Chippenham, borough, p. 296.
Sherston, Great868
Sherston, Little [Pinkney]170
Slaughterford200
Sopworth200
Stanley (in Bremhill)520
Surrendell (in Hullavington)220
Tytherton Lucas (in Chippenham)670
Wraxall, [North]380
Yatton Keynell160

Cricklade Hundred 520s.

s.d.
Ashton Keynes1168
Latton1600
Poulton (in Glos.)968
Shorncote (in Somerford Keynes, in Glos.)468
Somerford Keynes (in Glos.)1000

Damerham Hundred 423s. 4d.

s.d.
Compton Chamberlayne1268
Damerham (in Hants)1300
Martin (in Hants)1668

Liberty of Longbridge Deverill (fn. 40) 110s.

Dole Hundred 515s. 8d.

s.d.
Addeston (in Maddington)50
Asserton (in Berwick St. James)134
Berwick St. James900
Bourton (in Maddington)334
Elston (in Orcheston St. George)620
Gore, St. Joan à (in West Lavington)200
Homanton (in Maddington)200
Maddington640
Net Down (in Shrewton) (fn. 41) 180
Orcheston [St. Mary]334
Shrewton368
Tilshead (fn. 42) 700
Winterbourne Stoke (fn. 43) 500

Downton Hundred 778s. 8d.

s.d.
Barford (in Downton)380
Bishopstone320
Bodenham334
Charlton (in Standlynch)2000
Croucheston (in Bishopstone)568
Downton foreign468
Faulston (in Bishopstone)180
Flamston (in Bishopstone)250
Hamptworth (in Redlynch)400
Netton (in Bishopstone)340
Nunton380
Pensworth (in Redlynch)534
Standlynch334
Throope (in Bishopstone)160
Walton (in Downton)334
Wick (in Downton)450
Witherington (in Standlynch)360

Dunworth Hundred 767s. 4d.

s.d.
Ansty900
Berwick St. Leonard with the hamlet of Chicklade334
Chilmark468
Donhead with the hamlets2600
Fonthill Gifford340
Hatch (in West Tisbury)700
Swallowcliffe334
Teffont Evias200
Tisbury1800

Elstub Hundred (fn. 44) 849s.

s.d.
Alton [Priors], and Stowell (in Wilcot) (fn. 45) 820
Bishopstone (fn. 46) 340
Chisenbury434
Coombe. See Fittleton
Enford, Littlecott (in Enford), and Fifield (in Enford)668
Fittleton and Coombe (in Enford) (fn. 47) 268
Fyfield. See Overton, [East]
Ham350
Hinton, [Little]768
Littlecott. See Enford
Netheravon700
Overton, [East] and Fyfield (fn. 48) 800
Patney480
Stockton600
Stowell. See Alton
Westwood1200
Wroughton, [Nether]1068

Liberty of Everleigh (fn. 49) 313s. 4d.

s.d.
Collingbourne Ducis900
Compton (in Enford) (fn. 50) 234
Everleigh1100
Haxton (in Fittleton)900

Frustfield Hundred 274s.

s.d.
Abbotstone (in Whiteparish)500
Alderstone (in Whiteparish)134
Cowesfield (in Whiteparish)1000
Landford668
Whelpley (in Whiteparish)440

Heytesbury Hundred 958s.

s.d.
Ansty (in Knook)80
Ashton Gifford (in Codford St. Peter)360
Bathampton (in Steeple Langford)534
Baycliff (in Horningsham)120
Boyton380
Chitterne1100
Codford900
Corton, East (in Boyton)734
Deptford (in Wylye)240
Deverill, Brixton500
Deverill, Hill450
Heytesbury1068
Horningsham580
Imber (fn. 51) 600
Knook400
Orcheston [St. George]640
Tytherington (in Heytesbury)380
Upton Lovell450
Whitecliff (in Brixton Deverill)68

Highworth Hundred 1,321s. 8d.

s.d.
Blunsdon, Broad668
Blunsdon Gay220
Blunsdon St. Andrew120
Burytown (in Blunsdon)400
Eastrop (in Highworth)834
Eaton, Castle (fn. 52) 720
Fresden (in Highworth)110
Groundwell (in Blunsdon)300
Hampton (in Highworth)280
Hannington1868
Haydon and Haydon Wick (both in Rodbourne Cheney) (fn. 53) 534
Highworth360
Inglesham300
Lus Hill (in Castle Eaton)334
Lydiard Millicent, and Shaw (in Lydiard Millicent)700
Marston Meysey (fn. 54) 600
Marston, South1160
Moredon (in Rodbourne Cheney)200
Rodbourne Cheney200
Sevenhampton (in Highworth)780
Shaw. See Lydiard Millicent
Stanton Fitzwarren520
Stratton St. Margaret (fn. 55) 780
Stratton, Upper (in Stratton St. Margaret)400
Swindon, [Even]220
Westrop (in Highworth)334
Widhill, North and West (in Cricklade)280

Kingsbridge Hundred 543s. 8d.

[recte 553s. 8d.]

s.d.
Broad Town400
Clevancy (in Hilmarton)434
Clyffe Pypard340
Corton (in Hilmarton)360
Hilmarton1300
Littlecott (in Hilmarton)268
Lyneham768
Thornhill (in Broad Town)420
Tockenham, East480
Tockenham, West200
Witcomb (in Hilmarton)350
Woodhill (in Clyffe Pypard)220

Kinwardstone Hundred 941s. 10d.

s.d.
Bedwyn, Little. See Shalbourne
'Berlegh.' See Crofton
Burbage and Durley420
Buttermere. See Fosbury
Chilton Foliat and Charnham Street (in Hungerford, Berks.)300
Chisbury (in Little Bedwyn) (fn. 56) 1080
Chute and Conholt (in Chute)500
Collingbourne Kingston1068
Conholt. See Chute
Crofton (in Great Bedwyn) and 'Berlegh'268
Durley. See Burbage
Easton268
'Ford'. See Stokke
Fosbury (in Tidcombe) and Buttermere (fn. 57) 334
Froxfield. See Standen
Fyfield (in Milton Lilborne)120
Grafton, East and West400
Harding. See Shalbourne
Henset and Puthall (both in Little Bedwyn)134
Marten. See Tidcombe
Milton Lilborne180
Pewsey1400
Puthall. See Henset
Shalbourne and Harding (in Great Bedwyn) with Little Bedwyn (fn. 58) 600
Standen, [North] (in Hungerford, Berks.) and Standen, [South] (in Chute) with Froxfield (fn. 59) 400
Stokke (in Great Bedwyn) and 'Ford'86
Tidcombe and Marten (in Grafton)534
Wexcombe (in Grafton)534
Wick. See Wootton Rivers
Wilton (in Grafton)400
Wolfhall (in Grafton)200
Wootton Rivers and Wick (in Wootton Rivers)200

Bishop's Knoyle Hundred 208s.

s.d.
Fonthill, Bishop (fn. 60) 760
Hindon— (fn. 61)
Knoyle, East1000
Upton (in East Knoyle)320

Melksham Hundred 910s. 8d.

s.d.
Bulkington1068
Erlestoke1100
Hilperton600
Melksham (fn. 62) 2100
Poulshot568
Seend734
Staverton580
Studley (in Trowbridge) (fn. 63) 550
Trowbridge1300
Trowle (in Bradford and Trowbridge)50
Whaddon (in Semington)460

Mere Hundred (fn. 64) 619s.

s.d.
Bradley, Maiden650
Chaddenwick (in Mere)380
Deverill, Kingston (fn. 65) 380
Knoyle, West700
Mere2100
Stourton980
Zeals1000

Ramsbury Hundred 270s.

s.d.
'Assherugg' (fn. 66) 368
Baydon500
Bishopstone (fn. 67) 1000
Eastridge (in Ramsbury)334
Ramsbury (fn. 68) 500

Bishop's Rowborough Hundred 638s. 8d.

s.d.
Lavington, West2400
Marston1120
Potterne1734
Worton1134

King's Rowborough Hundred 458s.

s.d.
Cheverell, Great1000
Cheverell, Little530
Imber (fn. 69) 500
Lavington, Market1700
Littleton Pannell (in West Lavington850

Liberty of Rowde 106s. 8d.

Selkley Hundred 1,081s. 8d.

s.d.
Aldbourne2068
Avebury1168
Barbury (in Wroughton) (fn. 70) 110
Beckhampton (in Avebury)390
Clatford (in Preshute)180
Hinton, Broad734
Kennett, East400
Kennett, West (in Avebury)300
Lockeridge (in West Overton)200
Manton (in Preshute) honor (fn. 71) 240
Mildenhall320
Ogbourne Maizey (in Ogbourne St. Andrew)340
Ogbourne St. Andrew668
Ogbourne St. George800
Overton, West230
Poulton (in Mildenhall)160
Rabson (in Winterbourne Bassett)100
Richardson (in Winterbourne Bassett)120
Rockley (in Ogbourne St. Andrew) (fn. 72) 1000
Shaw (in West Overton)80
Snap (in Aldbourne)80
Stitchcombe (in Mildenhall)300
Upham (in Aldbourne)300
Winterbourne Bassett134
Winterbourne Monkton400

Staple Hundred 216s. 8d.

s.d.
Chelworth (in Cricklade) (fn. 73) 568
Eaton, Water (in Latton)200
Purton1400

Startley Hundred 591s. 8d.

s.d.
Bradfield. See Hullavington
Bremilham. See Norton
Brinkworth and Grittenham (in Brinkworth)734
Christian Malford1200
Dauntsey and Smithcot (in Dauntsey)800
Draycot Cerne and 'Eston' (fn. 74) 350
Foxley200
Grittenham. See Brinkworth
Hullavington, and Bradfield (in Hullavington)400
Norton and Bremilham (in Foxley)468
Seagry468
Smithcot. See Dauntsey
Somerford, Great and Little (fn. 75) 800
Stanton St. Quintin500

Studfold Hundred 517s.

s.d.
Allington600
Cannings, All1268
Chirton450
Conock (in Chirton)334
Eastcott (in Urchfont)420
Etchilhampton480
Stert300
Urchfont700
Wedhampton (in Urchfont)620

Swanborough Hundred 727s. 4d.

s.d.
Alton Barnes400
Beechingstoke380
Charlton360
Draycot Fitz Payne (in Wilcot)250
Manningford Bohun560
Manningford Bruce (fn. 76) 868
Marden350
Newnton, North534
Oare450
Rushall580
Stanton St. Bernard420
Upavon934
Wilcot370
Wilsford540
Woodborough (fn. 77) 280

Thornhill Hundred 725s.

s.d.
Badbury (in Chisledon)868
Broom (in Swindon) (fn. 78) 550
Chisledon1268
Draycot Foliat (in Chisledon)500
Liddington1268
Wanborough2800

Underditch Hundred 438s. 4d.

s.d.
Heale (in Woodford)350
Lake (in Wilsford) (fn. 79) 800
Milford (in Salisbury and Laverstock) (fn. 80) 780
Stratford-sub-Castle524
Wilsford450
Woodford, Great900
Woodford, Little580

Warminster Hundred 1305s. 8d. [recte 1205s. 8d.]

s.d.
Bapton (in Fisherton de la Mere)1000
Bishopstrow334
Boreham (in Warminster) (fn. 81) 280
Bugley (in Warminster)120
Corsley1300
Crockerton (in Longbridge Deverill)140
Dinton1068
Fisherton de la Mere800
Middleton (in Norton Bavant)350
Newnham (in Sutton Veny)160
Norridge (in Upton Scudamore)400
Norton Bavant1200
Pertwood (in East Knoyle)280
Smallbrook (in Warminster)180
Sutton, Great (fn. 82) 800
Sutton, Little (in Sutton Veny)500
Teffont Magna1000
Thoulstone (in Upton Scudamore)300
Upton Scudamore1080
Warminster1500
Whitbourne (in Corlsey)268

Westbury Hundred 398s. 8d.

s.d.
Bratton534
Bremeridge (in Dilton)350
Brook (in Westbury)200
Chapmanslade (in Dilton)250
Dilton Marsh (in Dilton) (fn. 83) 180
Hawkridge (in Heywood)160
Heywood340
Melbourne (in Bratton)90
Penleigh (in Dilton)150
Stoke (in Bratton)100
Westbury1300
Westbury Leigh (in Westbury)334

Whorwellsdown Hundred 768s. 8d.

s.d.
Ashton, Steeple1468
Ashton, West768
Baynton (in Edington)300
Bradley, North520
Coulston568
Edington620
Hinton, Great360
Keevil1068
Littleton (in Semington)280
Semington (fn. 84) 334
Southwick600
Tilshead (fn. 85) 240
Tinhead (in Edington)568

Totals

£1,595 13s. 7¾d.

where-of in 15ths £1,421 6s. 1d. in 10ths £174 7s. 6¾d.

Table 2: Fiscal Units of 1334 Classified According to the Size of their Assessments

Tax quotas in shillingsPercentage of fiscal units in each size group
WiltshireGloucestershireDorset
1–10344
11–2091016
21–30121718
31–40161412
41–50111214
51–6011116
61–70857
71–80665
81–90445
91–100333
101–10421
111–20321
121–30221
131–40101
141–50212
Over 150574
100100100
Number of fiscalunits511407329
Average size of quota per fiscal unit60s.60s.51s.

Table 3: The Most Highly Rated Fiscal Units in 1334

RatePlace
s.d.
1,5002Salisbury
3468Chippenham with Rowden
3100Bremhill
3000Corsham
2800Wanborough
2600Donhead with the hamlets
2400West Lavington
2300Malmesbury
2100Melksham
2100Mere
2068Aldbourne
2000Charlton (Downton hundred)
1934Great Amesbury
1868Hannington
1800Tisbury
1734Potterne
1700Market Lavington
1700Wilton

Footnotes

1 For details of assessment and collection see J. F. Willard, Parliamentary Taxes on Personal Property; and Surrey Taxation Returns, Fifteenths and Tenths, ed. J. F. Willard and H. C. Johnson (Surr. Rec. Soc. xi).
2 1269: E 179/242/97; 1297: E 179/196/3; 1327: E 179/ 196/7; 1332: E 179/196/8. For the last cf. n. 11 below.
3 Yorkshire Lay Subsidy, ed. W. Brown (Yorks. Arch. Soc. Rec. Ser. xvi).
4 Kirby's Quest for Somerset, &c., ed. F. H. Dickinson (Som. Rec. Soc. iii).
5 For a typical roll of 1332 see Lay Subsidy Roll for Warwickshire, ed. W. F. Carter (Dugdale Soc. vi).
6 Into the Wiltshire roll for 1334 (E 179/196/10) there have been copied the names of taxpayers in Salisbury, Ludgershall, and Hindon.
7 Such exemptions will be found among the county entries in Exchequer, Lord Treasurer's Remembrancer, Enrolled Accounts, Subsidies (E 359) and cases concerning them among the recorda of the communia upon the Memoranda Rolls of the King's Remembrancer (E 159).
8 For the reliefs of 1352–4 see E 163/4/39 and Bertha H. Putnam, Enforcement of the Statute of Labourers, 320*.
9 Wiltshire rolls of deducciones are: 1433: E 179/196/99A and 106; 1436: E 179/196/112; 1443: E 179/196/120; 1488: E 179/196/136; 1489: E 179/196/137; 1545: E 179/ 239/206; undated: E 179/199/430.
10 E 179/196/10.
11 The roll is inscribed 7 Edw. III (1333–4) and this has led to misdating it (cf. V.C.H. Wilts. vii. 81). A comparison between the names of the collectors and the total inscribed upon it and the same data entered in the Exchequer, Lord Treasurer's Remembrancer's dept., Enrolled Accts., Subsidies (E 359/8A, m. 3, no. 7) shows it to be the roll for 1332.
12 E 179/196/14.
13 E 179/196/22.
14 E 164/7.
15 Such discrepancies are noted in succeeding footnotes.
16 See V.C.H. Wilts. v. 3.
17 In a few cases, e.g. Avon in Stratford-sub-Castle, where the Place-Names of Wiltshire is known to err, the correct parish, as it was at the time of publication, has been substituted.
18 Other local studies of the tax data from 1334 are: W. G. Hoskins, 'The Wealth of Medieval Devon' in W. G. Hoskins and H. P. R. Finberg Devonshire Studies, 212–50; V.C.H. Essex iv. 296–302; and Yorks. Arch. Jnl. xxxviii. 54, 229–30, 292–3.
19 Subsequently called wards.
20 With the goods of John Godhyne, merchant.
21 With the goods of John Godhyne, merchant.
22 This total is not struck in later accounts. The reason for segregating Hindon and Ludgershall in E 179/196/10 appears to have been that, as in the case of Salisbury, the names of the tax-payers were copied into the account. A possible additional reason is that Hindon was rated at a 15th.
23 The total includes 2s. which is the assessment of the collectors.
24 In Bishop's Knoyle hundred. The total includes 2s. which is the assessment of the collectors.
25 See also Underditch hundred.
26 'Winterbourne Cherburgh.'
27 Presumably in or near Chute, since for the poll-tax collection (see below, p. 306) it is rated with Biddesden. It is possibly now in Hants though it is not traceable on the map.
28 See also Liberty of Everleigh.
29 See also Mere hundred.
30 Tithing of Hatch.
31 Presumably a part of West Tytherley, now in Hants: cf. V.C.H. Wilts. ii. 163, v. 1.
32 Westcott and Walcot omitted in E 164/7.
33 Included in Calne hundred in E 164/7.
34 In E 164/7 the Liberty of Bromham is included.
35 Omitted in E 164/7.
36 Omitted in E 164/7.
37 Bond tenants of the Bishop of Salisbury living in Bourton were assessed at 58s. 4d. towards the Bishop's Cannings quota until 1375; afterwards with Bourton and Easton: Cal. Inq. Misc. iv, p. 185.
38 With the assessment of John of Harnham.
39 140s. in E 164/7.
40 Included in Heytesbury hundred in E 164/7.
41 Omitted in E 164/7.
42 Omitted in E 164/7. See also Whorwellsdown hundred.
43 Omitted in E 164/7.
44 In E 164/7 Compton (see Liberty of Everleigh) is included.
45 In E 164/7 Stowell is included in Swanborough hundred.
46 See also Ramsbury hundred.
47 With the assessment of Hildebrand of London.
48 'Little' Fyfield.
49 In E 164/7 these 4 places are included in Kinwardstone hundred and Compton also in Elstub hundred.
50 See also Amesbury hundred.
51 See also King's Rowborough hundred.
52 Eaton Meysey.
53 Omitted in E 164/7.
54 North Marston.
55 Lower Stratton.
56 Omitted in E 164/7.
57 With East Bedwyn in E 164/7.
58 East Bedwyn.
59 Froxfield and Standen in E 164/7.
60 'Prout villa de Hyndon' added in E 164/7.
61 Nothing here because above, i.e. at the head of the table.
62 Rated at a 10th.
63 Omitted in E 164/7.
64 In E 164/7 Bishop's Knoyle hundred is included with Mere hundred, so that the grand total for Mere hundred amounts to 827s.
65 See also Amesbury hundred.
66 With the assessment of Hildebrand of London.
67 See also Elstub hundred.
68 With the assessment of Hildebrand of London.
69 See also Heytesbury hundred.
70 Omitted in E 164/7.
71 With the assessment of John Godhyne, merchant.
72 With the assessment of John Godhyne, merchant.
73 Rated at a 10th.
74 Probably Easton Piercy in Kington St. Michael.
75 Somerford in E 164/7.
76 Manningford Abbots added in E 164/7.
77 Stowell added in E 164/7. See Elstub hundred.
78 Rated at a 10th.
79 Omitted in E 164/7.
80 See also Underditch hundred.
81 'Buryton'.
82 It is not clear whether this place is the same as Sutton Veny or a place within it.
83 'Merssh'.
84 Omitted in E 164/7.
85 See also Dole hundred.


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