4 Id. Dec.
St. Peter's, Rome.
|To the bishop of St. Andrews, the archpriest of Domber in the diocese of St. Andrews and William Forman, a canon of Dunkeld, who is dwelling in the said diocese. Mandate, as below. It was set forth to Pius II on behalf of Patrick Home, archdeacon of Teviotdale (Theuidalie) in the church of Glasgow, that of old time the kings of Scotland founded as a cell the Benedictine priory of Coldingam in the said diocese, and endowed it for a prior and eighteen monks, and that in course of time it was, with consent of the said kings (the city of Durham being then in peace with the realm of Scotland), united to the Benedictine priorship of the church of Durham, a major dignity in that church, in such wise that it depended on that church, and was governed by monks thereof presented by the prior of that church; but that nevertheless John Pinger, a monk of Durham and prior of Coldingam, conspired to the hurt of James then king of Scots and of his father, and to the desolation of the said realm, and endeavoured to carry out his designs, thereby committing treason against the said king, (fn. 2) reduced the number of the monks bound to residence from eighteen to two, and dilapidated certain of the goods. It being added in the same statement that the said priory of Durham was in the lands of the enemies of the said king, but that that of Coldingam was in the said realm and in the confines of the lands of the subjects of the said king, and that if the priory of Coldingam were separated in perpetuity from the priory of Durham and from subjection thereto, the due number of monks faithful to the said king would be placed in the said priory of Coldingam, so that divine worship, which was almost extinct therein, would by means of the said Patrick be restored, and very many evils which had proceeded from the said priory of Coldingam would cease, the said pope Pius ordered certain judges (not here named), with the ‘you or two or one of you’ clause, to summon the said John Pinger and others concerned, and if they found the facts to be as stated, to deprive and remove him, separate the said priory in perpetuity from that of Durham, and restore it to the state in which it was before the said union, and thereafter to grant it in commendam to the said Patrick for life [see Cal. Papal Letters, Vol. XI, p. 425]; to the execution of which, as John Home, a canon of the collegiate church of Domber in the diocese of St. Andrews, M.A., alleges, one of the said judges proceeded, and granted the said priory, void by such deprivation, removal and separation, or void in any other way, in commendam to the said Patrick, who obtained de facto possession. The present pope, having been informed by the said John Home that the said Patrick, at the time of the said process, and especially when the priory was granted to him in commendam, was under sentence of excommunication and publicly proclaimed excommunicate and that, after having obtained possession of the priory, he alienated some of its goods, hereby orders the above three to summon Patrick, who is a notary apostolic, and if after the usual accusation [by John] they find the foregoing charges to be true, to declare the said commenda and its consequences null and void, and to deprive and remove Patrick, and, in the event of their so doing, to collate and assign the priory, which before the said incorporation was conventual and elective, has cure and does not exceed a yearly value of 190l., whether void as above, or by the resignation of the said John Pinger or Patrick, or void in any other way, to the said John Home, who alleges that he is by both parents of a race of barons, and desires to assume the habit of the said religion and make his profession of the said order, etc., that he is very acceptable to the said king, that the sentence of the said judge became a res judicata, and that the said Patrick is still excommunicate and proclaimed as above; the collation to be made even before he assumes the said habit and makes the said profession, and notwithstanding that he holds a canonry and prebend of the said church of Domber, value not exceeding 15l. sterling. The pope hereby grants him indult to receive the said priory, and to retain it, as long as he does not obtain peaceable possession of it, without assuming the said habit and making the said profession, (fn. 3)
and grants that the collation and provision to be made to him, and their consequences, shall hold good as if he had at the time of the said collation and provision assumed the habit and made his profession. The pope's will is that as soon as he obtains peaceable possession he shall receive the said habit from the above three or one of them, and make his profession thereto, and shall resign the said canonry and prebend. Religionis zelus, litterarum sciencia, vite etc. (L. Dathus. | lv. P. de Spinosis. Jo. de Aquilone. A. de Urbino. N. Bregeon. [On the right:] L. Therunda. [In the margin:] De(cembris).) [6 pp. See below, p. 267.]