Die Martis, 1 Decembris, 1640.
MR. Owen being Yesterday to answer a Petition here exhibited against him by Mr. Jenkin, Merchant, complaining, that he protected one Poyer, who was none
of his menial Servant, nor within his Privilege; Mr.
Owen openly avowed, that he was his Servant, necessarily employed in his Service; yet notwithstanding, as touching this Matter, he would wave his Privilege.
1a. vice lecta, An Act for Reformation of divers Abuses
in Ecclesiastical Courts.
Member taking Sacrament.
It was moved, that Mr. Alured, being occasioned to
go out of Town on Saturday last, that he could not receive the Sacrament, might notwithstanding sit; He being
willing to receive on Sunday next: But it was answered, there was no Order to the contrary; so that he might freely sit.
vice lecta, An Act, that the County Palatine of Durham shall have Knights, Citizens, and Burgesses, to serve in the Commons House of Parliament.
No Warrant to issue forth for a new Writ to elect a Knight for Bedfordshire, in the Stead of the Lord Wentworth, called by Writ to the Lords House, till Mr. Burgin's Election be determined.
Ordered, Thanks to be given to Mr. Gawdy and Mr.
Morley, for the Pains they took in the Sermons they
preached on Sunday last, at the Request of this House; and to be moved, if they please, that their Sermons may be printed.
Sir Tho. Barrington undertook to render Thanks from this House to Mr. Gawdy; and to move him concerning
the Printing of his Sermon; and to return his Answer to
Mr. Selden, Mr. Hollys, Sir Tho. Widrington, Mr.
Glyn, Mr. Maynard, Sir Edw. Hungerford, Sir Simonds
D'Ewes, Mr. Palmer, Sir Edmund Montfort, Mr. Perd,
Sir Tho. Bowyer, Mr. Lane, Mr. St. Johns, Mr. Cage;
This Committee is to take into Consideration the Question of Election between Mr. Borlacy and Mr.
Hobby, with the Circumstances; and are to meet on Thursday at Two of Clock, in the Afternoon, in the
Mr. Whistler, Mr. Glyn, Sir Tho. Widrington, Mr.
Rigby, Mr. St. Johns, Mr. T. Coke;
These are added to Dr. Leighton's Committee.
Priests and Jesuits.
Mr. Glyn reports from the Committee for Inquiry after
Papists; "I am first to report upon the Examination of
the Keepers of Two Prisons only, Newgate and the Clink;
and of Two Messengers, usually employed for the Apprehending and Attaching of Popish Jesuits. They find
Sixty-four Priests and Jesuits discharged in One Year; some indicted; some convicted of High Treason; but all of them Priests; some discharged by Privy Signet;
others by Warrants from the Lords of the Council; but
most of all, by Warrants from some One of the Secretaries
of State, by Name, Secretary Windebanke. They found,
upon Examination of the Clerk of the Peace for Middlesex, Clerk of the Crown in the King's-bench, and one
Mr. Pulford, that there have been within the Compass of
Seven or Eight Years, Seventy-four Letters of Grace:-
True, we have not the Original of those Letters of Grace,
but only certified unto us, out of the Records where
they were entered; some of them Originals, I have now in
my Custody.-The Nature of these Letters of Grace;-
they are directed to Archbishops, Bishops, Judges,
and all other the King's Officers; and, in Effect, is to
stay all Proceedings against the Persons therein named for
Recusants:-They are of Three Sorts. The Committee
do find, upon Examination of Two Messengers, Francis
Newton and * Gray, that a Warrant was granted
under Mr. Secretary Windebank's Hand, to protect one
Muskett, a condemned Priest Thirty Years since, and all
such Houses as he should frequent: This is proved by
Gray and Newton, who saw such Warrant in Muskett's
Hand. This Observation is made of these many. Warrants and Discharges of Priests and Jesuits, that very few
appear to be under the King's own Hand; but, of them,
not any One but at the Request of foreign Ambassadors, and Queen Mother; and commanding strictly, that
the Messengers shall see them go out of the Kingdom;
Such is his Majesty's Care; and here I speak it to clear
his Majesty: Only one Moss discharged under the King's
Hand, by Misinformation; for the King was informed
he was only indicted; whereas indeed he was convicted.
Other Warrants there are, under the Hands of the Lords
of the Council; and to each Warrant, except One, an
Archbishop's Hand. And the Committee finds, that
these Warrants to discharge Priests and Jesuits, Twenty-nine of them are under Mr. Secretary Windebank's Hand;
and the very Originals of most of them we have here."
"I am commanded to descend to particular Circumstances: Among these Warrants, one Carrell, a Secular
Priest, a Prisoner Thirty Years, commanded, by a verbal
Warrant, to be set at Liberty, by Mr. Secretary Windebank: This was to the Keeper of the Clinke. There
was one * *, a Dominican Fryer; and, by verbal Warrant to the Keeper of the Clinke, Mr. Secretary Windebank
commanded him to set him at Liberty; and he would warrant him: And for Gray, he said, if he meddled with him,
he will lay them by the Heels: And this Fryer, by a
verbal Warrant, he was discharged; and did tell the
Keeper, he was employed about Matters of State; and
that Secretary Windebank did know of it."
"One Edw. Moore, a Priest committed by the King's
own Hand; and yet was discharged by Mr. Secretary
Windebank's Warrant; without Mention of the King's
"There was one Tho. Holme (discharged by the King's
own Command) commanded to be shipped; and this Fellow returning again into the Kingdom, and taken the Second time, was discharged by Mr. Secretary Windebank."
Priests and Jesuits.
"There was one Moss, condemned for a Jesuit, and for
seducing the King's People from the Religion now professed, and Jo. Southworth, a Priest, both discharged,
by Mr. Secretary Windebank."
"15 Martii 1639, the Parishioners of St. Giles' did
humbly petition the Lords..Council; (I have the Petition itself) setting forth, * * increased in their Parish;-
most of the Inhabitants Papists, They did instance in particular of Three Priests (where of Southworth and Moss
were Two) that go about to seduce the People of that Parish, Twenty-one by Name; and therefore did humbly
pray the Lords of the Council to suppress these Priests:
Their Lordships gave Order to prosecute them: Newton
got both these Priests convicted of High Treason; and
both of them discharged by Mr. Secretary Windebanke;
besides Fourteen Priests and Jesuits, discharged out of
Newton's and Graye's Custody, by Mr. Secretary W.
who testify, one Smith, a Priest, called Gun-powder
Smith, was bailed by Secretary W. and had a Note
under his Hand, that no Man should attach or trouble
him: And the Committee commanded me to inform the
House, that these are thus discharged, without any Expression of the Direction in any of the Warrants."
"One Thresheld, a Messenger, having Warrant to apprehend a Priest, repaired to Mr. Secretary, to the end
Gray might be employed: The Secretary answered, he
would lay him by the Heels, if he kept Gray Company.
These Men were discountenanced by the Secretary.
"One Goodman, a Priest, committed to Newgate, and
being upon his Discharge, Threshald the Messenger demanded his Fees; and being some Difference about it,
Mr. Read, his Secretary, writes to the Priest;"
Mr. Threshold hath spoken with Mr. Secretary; and
his Honour thinketh fit, you pay the Fees you agree on;
for it will be a Means to keep you the more free hereafter from Trouble. So resting
Your loving Friend, to serve you,
"Birkett, a Messenger, had in Custody one Popham,
a Priest, and was to bring him before the Lords; but
Mr. Secretary W. commanded the Messenger to let
him go, and he would see him forth-coming: But, to
this Day, never heard more of the Priest, though he petitioned, &c."
"There is another Passage I am commanded to deliver
unto you; that is, a Petition preferred to his Majesty
by one Geo. Parrett, in his own Name, and in the Behalf
of Four Priests and Jesuits more (a Man condemned of
High Treason) styling themselves, to be of the Number
of his Majesty's most loyal Subjects: Upon this bold
Petition, by Signification under Mr. Secretary W
Hand, Proceedings against them were stayed."
"There were Sixty-four Letters of Grace, to stay Prosecution against Papists, directed to several Counties, to
several Judges: Short Entries of these Letters are made
in the Signet Office, testified by one Mr. Pulford. Gray
and Smith affirm, that the Secretary's House is the Place
of Resort for Priests and Jesuits,"
"That, in Thirteen Years Time, from 3° Car. there
hath been but Four Thousand and Eighty Pounds levied
on Recusants, by virtue of any Process out of the Exchequer; as appears by Certificate under Mr. Long's Hand."
"For these Discharges of Priests and Jesuits, not One
of them standeth with the Rule of Law. When they are
indicted and convicted, the King, the Fountain of Justice
and Mercy (and the Law doth allow it) hath Power to
shew Mercy, upon any of his Subjects: But, in such Cases,
the King's Prerogative speaketh by his Privy Seal Signet,
or Great Seal; and ought to discharge by Record: But
to send Signification of Pleasure, is against Law. For a
Minister, either verbally, or by Warrant under his own
Hand, not only to discharge Men condemned, but to
command no further Prosecution, the Committee doth
conceive he doth not discharge his Duty."
"Then, for the Letters of Grace, the Poor is wronged:
By the Act they are to give Twelve-pence a Sunday to
the Poor: By these Injunctions, the Recusants are kept
from being convict, and the Poor lose their Due."
"This is the Substance of the Report I am commanded
to make unto you."-
Committee on the Clerk's Book.
Ordered, That it be referred to the Committee, that is
appointed for the Clerk's Book, to peruse and consider of
Mr. Rushworth's Notes; and to present to the House
what they think fit to be preserved: And, in the mean time,
the Clerk, and his Assistant, to be enjoined, that they
suffer no Copies to go forth of any Argument or Speech
whatsoever: They are likewise to examine, what Copies
have heretofore been delivered out, and to whom.
Mr. Mallory, Sir Tho. Barrington, Sir Simonds D'Ewes,
Sir Guy Palmes, Sir Fr. Barnham, Sir P. Hayman, Mr.
Hollys, Sir Jo. Culpepper, Mr. Ashton, Mr. Perd, Mr.
St. John; these are added to the Committee for the
A Letter was read from Secretary Windebank to the
High Sheriff of Sussex.
A Letter of Grace, obtained from his Majesty by the
Mediation of the Queen Mother, directed to the King's
Attorney General, and his Successors, for exempting Sir
H. Beddingfield, and his Family from the Danger of the
Laws made against Recusants, read.
The humble Petition of Geo. Perott, Gentleman,
Romish-catholick, "To the King's most Excellent Majesty, on his own Behalf, and on the Behalf of Four other
A Warrant under the King's own Hand, for the Commitment of Ed. Moore, Romish Priest, to the Prison
of the Clink; and a Warrant to the Keeper of the said
Prison, for his Discharge under Mr. Secretary Windebank's Hand, read.
The humble Petition of the Parishioners of St. Giles'
in the Fields, concerning the great Increase of Recusants
within their Parish; and of many that have been seduced
to the Roman Religion, within these few Years, read.-
Conference with Lords.
A Message from the Lords, by Baron Trevor and Judge
The Lords have sent us to this House, to desire a present Conference, in the Painted Chamber, with the same
Committee that was before, concerning the Matter of the
free Conference Yesterday.
Answer returned by the same Messengers;
This House has taken into Consideration the Message
of the Lords; and they return this Answer; that they
will give a Meeting presently, as is desired.
Committee for Army.
The Committee for the King's Army, is to meet this
Afternoon, at Four of Clock, in the Court of Wards.
There were Four Petitions delivered in, by a Member
of this House, which were likewise preferred the last
Parliament; and it was desired, they might now be referred to the same Committees they were then: And it
was done accordingly.-
Proceedings concerning Sec. Windebank.
Robert Horwood was called in; and produced a Letter,
sent unto him, under Secretary Windebank's Hand; which
was read; enjoining him to surcease any further Prosecution of the Law against Recusants. He was demanded
the same Questions he was formerly; and he gave the
same Answers unto them.
Ordered, That Mr. Secretary Windebank shall, To-
morrow Morning, give Answer to such Questions as shall
be propounded unto him, upon several Informations delivered in here against him: And he is to have Notice
of it, in the mean time.
The whole Business concerning Robert Horwood, and
the Charge against Secretary Windebank, and the Preparing of an Act against Recusants, is referred to the Committee that was appointed for Inquiry after Recusants.
Remonstrance to the King.
The Preparing of an humble Remonstrance to his
Majesty, and the Consideration of the Pope's pretended
Nuncio, are referred to the Committee of Twenty-four.
Mr. Selden, Mr. Lane, Mr. Whitlock, Mr. Perd, Sir
Tho. Widrington, Sir Robert Harley, Mr. Lind, Mr.
Rigby, Mr. Palmer, Mr. Prideaux, Mr. White, Mr. Pelham, Mr. Bagshaw, Mr. St. Johns; these are added to
the Committee for Recusants.
Impeachment of E.of Straford.
Mr. Pym reports from the Conference this Day, That
the Lord's Committees, with whom we had a free Conference Yesterday, took the Matter into Consideration; and
their Resolution is expressed in an Order, "That such
Members of the House of Commons as they shall make
choice of, shall be present, from Time to Time, at the preparatory Examinations concerning the Earl of Straford."
"The Lord Keeper expected we should say something: We told them, we had no Warrant; for a Conference was desired, concerning the Matter of free
Conference, and that a free Conference was not desired.
The Question [they] would [have] been satisfied in, was,
whether we did intend to have the Examinations taken
publick in the House, or by a private Committee? I answered, we had no Commission for free Conference."
The same Committee, that was appointed to draw up
the Charge against the Earl of Straford, are to be present
at the preparatory Examinations of Witnesses before the
Lords; and to present such Questions unto the Lords, as
they shall think fit thereupon; and, after a full Examination, to present the whole State of the Business to this
A Message to be sent to the Lords, to acquaint them
that this House is ready, by some Members of this
House, to present divers Witnesses to be examined, and
such Questions, as they shall desire them to be examined upon; and to desire that those Witnesses, so propounded, may be all examined, one after another, with
Speed and Secrecy.
Sir W. Erle went up with this Message.
The Committee concerning Ship-money, now sine die,
is appointed to meet this Afternoon at Three of Clock,
in the Treasury-chamber.
Proceedings against Ratcliffe.
Thursday Morning is peremptorily appointed, for Sir
Geo. Ratcliffe to appear here; and if he come not, then
a Message to be sent to the Lords, to desire them to move
his Majesty for a Proclamation to be awarded against
him, to bring him in.
Power is given to the Committee, that is to be present
at the preparatory Examinations of Witnesses, before the
Lords, to summon such Witnesses, to be examined Tomorrow, as they think fit.
Mr. Maynard reports from the Conference Yesterday;
"The Lords said, they had taken the Message into Consideration, sent by Mr. Pym-Some things were resolved,
others not; and, for that Purpose, desired a free Conference."
1. "Whereas we did desire to examine some Members
of this House; they were ready to examine them, when
we should require. They answered, that the Peers of
their House, that shall be desired, shall be examined;
and all the Assistants of that House, when they shall be
thereunto required, shall be examined upon Oath."
"And next, for the Time, and Secrecy, they said they
should be speedily examined, and Examinations secretly