Cecil Papers
1624

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Institute of Historical Research

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G. Dyfnallt Owen (editor)

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1971

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188-204

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'Cecil Papers: 1624', Calendar of the Cecil Papers in Hatfield House, Volume 22: 1612-1668 (1971), pp. 188-204. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=112519 Date accessed: 25 October 2014.


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Contents

1624

William Boys.
1623–24, January 24.Writ of prohibition to Robert Redmayne in the case of William Boys the elder, of the parish of St. James in South Elham, co. Suffolk, who has been sued in court Christian on a charge of defamatory libel by one John Cole, contrary to the statute therein made and provided, such suits being altogether without the jurisdiction of that court. Stay of proceedings.— Dated at Westminster, 24 January, in the 21st year of the King's reign.
1 m. (221. 41.)
Edward Stevenson and Others of Besthorpe.
1623–24, February 12.Writ of prohibition to Robert Redmayne, on the complaint of Edward Stevenson, James Howse and Richard Howse, parishioners of Besthorpe, co. Norfolk. It has long been the custom there for every inhabitant in Besthorpe aforesaid to render yearly at Easter to the vicar of the parish church one penny in lieu of all tithes on orchard and garden fruits and herbs. Notwithstanding, one George Coppynge, vicar of Besthorpe, has impleaded the said complainants in court Christian for non-payment of tithes alleged due. Stay of proceedings.—Dated at Westminster, 12th February, in the 21st year of the King's reign.
1 m. (221. 33.)
Francis Raby.
1623–24, February 12.Writ of prohibition to Robert Redmayne, on the complaint of Francis Raby, owner of a messuage and lands in Westhall, co. [Suffolk]. He has been impleaded in court Christian by the vicar of the parish church of Westhall for non-payment of tithes alleged due. Stay of proceedings.—Dated at Westminster, 12th February, in the 21st year of the King's reign.
1 m. Partly illegible. (221. 34.)
Francis Davy.
1623–24, February 12.Writ of mandamus to Robert Redmayne. William Cockerton, rector of the parish church of Westhall, co. Suffolk, impleaded Francis Davy in Court christian for non-payment of tithes alleged due. Whereupon a writ of prohibition was issued on behalf of the said Francis. This prohibition is now cancelled, and proceedings are to go forward in the diocesan court as formerly, the writ of prohibition notwithstanding. Dated at Westminster, 12th February, in the 21st year of the King's reign.
1 m. (221. 37.)
The King's Speech.
1623–24, March 8.The King's speech in Parliament, 8 March, 1623.
7 pp. (130. 62.)
[See Parliamentary History, p. 92.]
The King's Speech.
1623–24, March 14.The King's speech made at Whitehall to the Committee of both Houses of Parliament, 14 March, 1623.
4½ pp. (130. 66.)
[See Parliamentary History, p. 104.]
Archbishop of Canterbury's Report.
1623–24, March 14.The Archbishop of Canterbury's report from both Houses to his Majesty, 14 March, 1623.
1½ pp. (130. 69.)
[See Parliamentary History, p. 101.]
The Duke of Buckingham.
[1623–24, March 15]."Wyth an Apologie for his adventuringe his discretion wythout commission, whatt had past from the Kinge and whatt he said out of his care to doe good offices to his Matie uppon all opportunities which hee was readie to take.
1. Thatt speaking of the Parliaments resolution, the Kinge wondring why they should soe press to engage him into a warr with Spaine, hee tould him the Parliament shewed many reasons; first, an apprehension of the groweing greatness and rash ambition of the monarch of Spaine.
2. The fittness now to strike while the now Pope was well affected to Ffrance and Ffrance ill affected to Spaine for the cause of the Valtoline, and the distaste in Germanie of the Spaniardes and strangers armies there, perticularly Bavarias jealosie of theire fortunes in the Palatinate.
3. Ffor that the condition of the match wyth Spaine was soe perjuditiall (sic) to this State, abrogating our lawes and contrary to the conscience of all good subjects.
And when the Kinge objected thatt any other prince of Romish religion woulde expect the like conditions or thinke himselfe scornd,
The Duke answered that these conditions weare two foulde; those betwixt the kingdomes first agreed, and those conditions added after the Prince was in Spaine. These last nowe gotten was when the Prince was in person and in honor ingaged one [on] ye stage, and desirous to bringe away the Ladie, and when hee wanted helpe of those ministers there thatt ought to have assisted him better, and those conditions the Kinge yeelded only to bringe of [off] his sonne; nowe noe other prince hath the like advantage and therefore coulde not aske them.
The former Artyckles weare uppon six hundred thousand pounds and the restitution of the Palatinate which noe other Prince coulde make good.
Hee farther toulde the Kinge thatt the people havinge had good experience of the inconveniences of these, might become suiters to his Matie thatt he woulde never yeeld any more to any conditions of the like nature, and thatt woulde bee a good ground to stopp the mouth of Ffrance, or any other wee might have to deale wyth, and for Ffrance in perticuler, that because of the protestants the Kinge might interpose as much for them and alsoe quickly stopp theire mouthes or any such demaund, which hee said alsoe the Kinge liked well, and woulde bee content to give waye to any such desire or petitione of his subjects.
When they rose the Prince said softly to bee harde only of those thatt stood neere about him:
The Kinge hath a longe sword and when itt is out itt will nott easily goe in againe."—Undated.
Endorsed: "The Duke of Buckingams introduction." In another hand; "March ye 15, 1623." 1½ pp. (130. 70.)
[See Cal. S.P. Dom., 1623–25, p. 189.]
The Parliament to the King.
1623–24, March 22.Address from the Lords and Commons to the King, 1623.
2 pp. (130. 85.)
[See Parliamentary History, p. 108.]
The King's Declaration to Parliament.
1623–24, March 23.The King's Declaration to both Houses of Parliament at Whitehall, 23 March, 1623.
3½ pp. (130. 71.)
[See Parliamentary History, p. 116, under date March 25.]
The Duke of Buckingham.
1623–24, March 24.The King's speech concerning the Duke of Buckingham, 24 March, 1623.
2 pp. (130. 73.)
[See Parliamentary History, p. 113.]
The Privy Council to the Earl of Salisbury.
1624, April 24.Ordering a muster of the armed forces of co. Herts, with detailed directions.—Whitehall, 24 April, 1624.
Signed: G. Cant; H. Mandeville; E. Worcester; Arundell and Surrey; Pembroke; Ol. Grandisone; G. Carew; Arthur Chichester; Geo. Calvert; Jul. Caesar. 1 p. (196. 86.)
The King's Speech to the House of Lords.
1624, May 5.The effect of his Majesty's speech made in the Banqueting House at Whitehall, 5 May, 1624, to the Lords of the Higher House of Parliament.
5 pp. (130. 87.)
[See Parliamentary History, p. 191.]
Elizabeth Barker.
1624, May 10.Writ of prohibition to Robert Redmayne, on the complaint of Elizabeth Barker, widow, relict and executrix of the will of Stephen Barker, deceased, who made the said will at Norwich, 20 February, 1620, and died leaving property to the value of 124l 10s 8d. After whose death the said Elizabeth duly discharged all her debts as executrix. Notwithstanding, one Henry Barker, next of blood, as he avers, has sued the said Elizabeth in court Christian for an account to be rendered to him of the goods and chattels, rights and credits of the said Stephen at the time of his death, claiming to be his brother's son and to have a right and interest in his estate. Stay of proceedings.—Dated at Westminster, 10th of May, in the 22nd year of the King's reign.
1 m. (221. 40.)
The Bishop of Lincoln to the Earl of Salisbury.
1624, May 15.There being a writ granted for the election of a burgess for the town of Hertford, wishes to recommend William Wynn, brother of Sir Richard Wynn. "I hope your Lordship will the rather favour this my request in regard I have bene an earnest sutor to his Matie for the reneweinge of this priviledge for that towne."—Westminster College, this xvth of May, 1624.
Signed. Endorsed: "Maye 1624. My Lord B. of Lincoln to my Lord about a burgesses place at Hartf." ½ p. (200. 169.)
William Browne.
1624, June 6.Writ of prohibition to Robert Redmayne, in the case of William Browne, miller, of Heigham, co. Suffolk, who is owner of an ancient water-mill within the said parish, such mills by law of the land being exempt from the payment of tithes. Notwithstanding, one William Nicholson, curate and farmer of the rectory of Heigham, has sued the said complainant in court Christian for non-payment of tithes alleged due, contrary to the statutes therein made and provided. Stay of proceedings.— Dated at Westminster, 6th June, in the 22nd year of the King's reign.
1 m. (221. 42.)
Sir Richard Spencer to the Earl of Salisbury.
1624, June 15.Excuses himself from attending the muster on account of bad health, and begs Salisbury to appoint his son-inlaw, Mr John Butler, to his place. Encloses a note from my Lord President with regard to Sir John Garrard's candidature for the place. He marvels that Salisbury should have been informed that he favoured Garrard's appointment, as any such thought never entered his mind.—Offley, 15 June, 1624.
Holograph. 1 p. (130. 90.)
The Privy Council to the Earl of Salisbury.
1624, June 17.For the payment of £70, for the first entire subsidy granted by Parliament, 19 February, 21 Jac.—17 June, 1624.
Signed: Jo. Lincoln; Arundell and Surrey; H. Mandeville; Hamilton; E. Worcester; Pembroke. 1 p. (206. 78.)
The Privy Council to the Earl of Salisbury.
1624, June 23.The States General of the United Provinces have asked the King's leave to raise soldiers for their service "in these hazardous times when the Emperor and the Roman Catholic League are preparing and drawing down towards their countries divers great and threatening troops to join with those armies that already lie upon their frontiers". The King has given them leave to raise 6000 volunteers, both for the security of his dominions, and the great part his son-in-law and only daughter and his grandchildren have in the preservation of the United Provinces, where they now remain as refugees. The Earl, his DeputyLieutenants, etc., are ordered to assist the Earls of Oxford, Southampton and Essex, and the Lord Willoughby (appointed Colonels for that purpose) in levying the above.—Whitehall, 23 June, 1624.
Signed: H. Mandeville; E. Worcester; Arundell and Surrey; Pembroke; Ol. Grandisone; Arthur Chichester; T. Edmondes; J. Suckling; Geo. Calvert; Edw. Conway; Jul. Caesar. 2 pp. (196. 87.)
Ralph Cox to Christopher Keighley.
1624, July 11."I have beene at Sir Richard Westons att Chelsey, and have spoken with Mr P—, Sir Richard Westons man, which did give the xxxs to the keepers man, and I did [? tell him] I was verey sorrey that suche a thinge showlde have beene donne, that the keepers man shoulde have taken towe fees, for that was mor then I did knowe of and that either I myselfe was aquaynted with yt nor aney of my lords servants." Gives fuller details of the background to this misunderstanding in which are involved Lady Weston, and Mr Paulet and Mr Tichborne who are "tow of the cheffest men aboute Sir Richard" and Mr Tompson his butler. "I pray you let better messengers be sent to deliver the venson to dowe his lordship service. I woulde the best I can, but not to waitt on keepers men. I am sorey to here of the hevines for my young Ms."—Salisbury hous, this 11 of July, 1624.
Holograph. Damaged. 1 p. (General 83/7.)
E. Wallingford and E. Howard to the Earl of Salisbury.
[Before August, 1624]."My Lady Craven (fn. 1) will not take Compton, but as your Lordship has expresst your selfe bouth kind and nobell which be plesed to finish in buting (sic) in Mr Aston in his roume by wich you bind a honest man to serve you." —Undated.
P.S. by E. Howard: "This bisnes stil increases with moer trobel to your Lordship which I am sori for, but sien [seeing] it is ower misfortune to be thus trobelsum I besiche you belive it bindes us both in greaters (sic) bondes to you for your faver then I cane expres. If it please your Lordship to come upon Tusdae the moni will be readi. I have sent your Lordship my Lady Cravens not. I besiche your Lordship, acoint [acquaint] Sir Thomas Howard howe this bisnes goes for I am in suche hast as I cannot sae noe moer but that I am your fatheful servant to comand."
Holograph. Addressed: "To the ritt honorabil the Lo: Solsbery." Seal. 1½ pp. (200. 85.)
Robert Benington to —
1624, August 10."These are to certify yow that the fifteene is not yet paid out of the parkes to Bridgstooke, but my father is credibly informed that theire delaye is onely for the comming home of one Mr Gage of Raunce who is collector of the fifteens, and at his returne he and the officers of Bridgstocke will strayne some of the cattell for the payment thereof. Wherefore my father thinketh it fitting to acquaint my Lords Honor herewith that some order may be forthwith taken to prevent the same, for except my Lord of his honor will staye their course they will immediately strayne for the same, which payment my father thinketh very unconvenient by reason of the rate, which is evidently knowne to be paid (beeing a marke a yeare in one Lord Parr his time), which rate Thomas Sisson affirmeth that he paid since the cronation (sic) of our Soveraigne, which rate if it be raysed from a marke a year to 40s to this ffifteene and so to become loyable to all their taxings, it wilbe a oppression to the parkes as well in time to come as time present. We can heare of no grounds in all the country oppressed with such payments as the Parkes already is, for towards the collection of their poore they have already obtayned neare 20l yearly." Brigstock Park also contributes the greatest part of the money levied for Church and constables' expenses. The writer explains why these charges, which formerly were not paid, have now been imposed. "Their whole alledgment hereunto is because the Parkes were then the queenes and furnished with dear, and now is my Lords and greater profit made thereof. Whereupon they will have a custome of overcharging the Parkes with what oppressions and payments they see fitting if my Lords Honor will not contradict their proceedings. Such things must needs make his tenants weary that now possesseth it, and also them that would enjoy it herafter it will [? make] them affraid of entring upon them." From Beninfeild, this 10th of August, 1624.
Note at bottom in the hand of James Rudyerd: "Mr Cope, you see heire an other note from my motheres bayley, and I would pray let my lord understand the contenue theirof with speed, that a letter maye be sent from my lord to Mr Dilworth to staye the town from strayninge our cattell. I think old rates are not refewsed in any place but ther, and the tennants of Brigstock will laye all uppon the Parkes. They see my lord doth take noe corse to the contrary. Yf these things passe, the tennants will be unable to paye the rent, and my lord heirafter will be by this meanes hindered. Indeed I doe marvill my lord is not more moved at these things. Wee could never prevayle soe fare as to have any favor at my lo: hands. Other lords countenance ther tennants and be ther frend. I am sure my mother hath ben the best tennant my lord ever had. If any thing be done I pray doe it quickly, and ether send the letter to my lo: Mountekewe to pray him to send for the townsmen to charge them they alter not the old rate, or to Mr Dilworth to tell them they will incure my lords displeasure yf they refewse the old rate."—August 12 [1624].
Holograph. 2½ pp. (General 83/5.)
The Duke of Buckingham to the Earl of Salisbury.
1624, August 12.I am sorry it was so late before I was acquainted by your Lordship with your desire, which if I had known in time I would have given you an assured testimony of my true affection to do you service, and would have made little doubt but that I should have been able to have given you a better account of your business than now I can; for those places are so earnestly sought after that there are many and great competitors for them as soon or before they are void. I assure you that whensoever you shall hold me worthy to be employed in any service of yours, if I may know it as soon as others, you may have this confidence in me, that no man shall be so ready for his own ends as I shall be out of the true rules of friendship to show myself your faithful servant.—Haroden, 12 August, 1624.
Holograph. 1½ pp. (130. 91.)
Mary Bates to Elizabeth Swallow, her daughter.
1624, August 24."I have receaved your letter. And as for my Lord hee is reasonable well, onely his other legge is opened by Doctor Reade, and is almost whole againe, and my Ladye is very well." Writes of family affairs, and sends her respects to Lady Howard and "my Ladye".—Audleyend, 24 of August, 1624.
Holograph. Fragment of seal. Addressed: "To my loving daughter Elizabeth Swallow at Cranborne." 1 p. (General 83/10.)
Henry Sherfield to the Earl of Salisbury.
1624, September 3.In defence of his brother, who is his deputy in the stewardship of the Earl's property in Dorset and Wiltshire, from charges of dishonesty. The real aim of his brother's adversaries is to disinherit the Earl of his rights there. The Earl almost lost his chase [Cranborne Chase] by the verdict against him; also the tithes of Blagdon, the parsonage of Cranborne, the customs of the copyhold tenants, and lands by encroachment; and the gentlemen of those parts are attempting to remove from the Earl those through whose faithfulness he has prevailed. They have also drawn Mr Keighlie to work their way. Details the plots and practices of the adversaries. If the Earl decides to displace his brother, he begs that his brother may still remain Salisbury's servant, to avoid the disgrace of an abrupt discharge. Writes further on various estate matters.—Sarum, 3 September, 1624.
Holograph. 7 pp. (130. 92.)
Sir Richard Weston to the Earl of Salisbury.
1624, September 13.For the payment of arrears due to the King.—13 September, 1624.
Signed. Endorsed: "Chancellor of the Exchequer." 1 p. (206. 79.)
The Duke of Buckingham to the Earl of Salisbury.
1624, October 5.I have got a sight of a letter whereby I see you set a greater rate upon me than upon other men, in being so ready to part with that which both your affection and knowledge have taught you to value according to the worth. The truth is, when I understood by Gerbier the goodness of the picture and the place where it was so well fitted that it could nowhere stand better, the law of civility made me very scrupulous to remove it; not that I was unwilling to acknowledge myself beholding to your Lordship, who has ever given me so evident testimonies of your affection. Therefore to avoid all censure of that kind I have made bold to take your noble offer, who are so forward to oblige me in the way I most affect; and though I cannot place it so well as it is already, yet I will set it up as a monument of your love to me, and of mine own obligation ever to remain your humble and faithful servant.—Wallingford House, 5 October, 1624.
Holograph. 1 p. (130. 96.)
Arthur Radford, William Dodington and Nathaniel Napper to the Earl of Salisbury.
1624, October 12.In accordance with Salisbury's instructions they have spent two days at Cranborne, and listened to as many aggrieved tenants and neighbours as it was possible to cope with during that time. But it has not been possible to summarize their complaints and Sherfield's answers, and to compress them into the form of a statement would require three weeks at least. If Salisbury wishes it, they will compile an account of what has been proved by the petitioners. In the mean time, "we humbly presume to give your Lordship this advertisement, that we find Mr Richard Sherfield his courses and cariage so directly opposite to your truly noble disposition by pressing and enforcing such strict penalties and lawequirkes, that he hath justly drawne on him the hate and ill opinion of that parte of the country, and will not be a fitt man for your Lordship to contynue in that place of understuard as we conceive."—Cramborne, the xiith of October, 1624.
Signed. Seal, broken. 1 p. (General 27/8.)
Francis Radford to the Earl of Salisbury.
1624. October 16.Recommends the bearer, John Fussell, for employment.—Dwelish, 16 October, 1624.
1 p. (P. 2311.)
Henry Sherfield to the Earl of Salisbury.
1624, October 24.Explains why he has been prevented from prosecuting the suit concerning Joyce's wardship. He had asked Stillingfleet to let him have certain court rolls that would have helped him to prepare his case more thoroughly. For some reason Stillingfleet had refused, and the case had had to be postponed until next term. Describes certain events at the court in Cranborne at Michaelmas. In one instance, he had revived Salisbury's "ancient liberties" by committing an offender for three days and three nights to the prison in the Earl's house there. On the other hand, "there is a generall agreement of all the gentlemen and other freeholders that hold of your Lordship not to compound with your Lordship touching their tenures and alienations, for not any one of them came into the court how fayrely soever they promised your Lordship."—Lincolnes Inne 24° October 1624.
Holograph. Two Seals. 3 pp. (General 83/22.)
King James to the Earl of Salisbury.
1624, October 29.Warrant under the King's Manual (a stamp) requiring him, as Lieutenant of Hertfordshire, to levy 200 men for service under Count Mansfield for recovery of the Palatinate. —Royston, 29 October, 22nd year of the King's reign.
1 p. (147. 166.)
The Privy Council to the Earl of Salisbury.
1624, October 31.His Majesty's letters sent herewith order a levy of 200 men in co. Herts. Instructions for the levy. None are to be taken out of the trained bands. They are to be ready by November 21, and to march to Dover for embarkation. Instead of the usual conduct money of ½d a mile, they are to be allowed their ordinary pay of 8d a day from the time of assembly, and are to march not less than 12 miles a day. Directions as to payment for coats, conduct, armour, etc.—Whitehall, last of October, 1624.
Signed: G. Cant; Jo. Lincoln; Arundell and Surrey; H. Mandeville; E. Worcester; J. Hamilton; Pembroke; T. Edmondes; Jo. Suckling; Geo. Calvert; Jul. Caesar; J. Dickenson. 2 pp. (196. 88.)
The Prince of Wales and Henrietta Maria.
1624, November 20."A Treatie of Marriage betweene the Kinges of Brittaine and of Fraunce for the Prince of Wales and Madam Henriette Marie."
The Abstract of the Articles agreed on:
(1) The Kinge of Ffraunce undertakes to obteyne a dispensation of the Pope within 3 moneths without further delay.
(2) The Articles being signed on either side, the Kinge of Greate Brittaine shall by some person of quallitie espouse Madame in the name of the Prince in the forme used in the Catholique, Apostolique and Romane Church.
(3) The marriage shalbe celebrated in Ffraunce in such manner as was of the deceased Kinge Henry 4th and of Queene Margarite, and of Madam the Dutchess of Bar.
(4) After the marriage Madame shalbe broughte into England as soone as may be, at the charge of the Ffrench Kinge, as farre as the towne of Calays, where [she] shalbe delivered over to such as the Kinge of Greate Brittaine pleaseth; and after the charge shalbe borne by the Kinge of Greate Brittaine, and all to be done as befitts the dignitie of such a Princess and her husband.
(5) When the marriage is done, on some daie appointed in one of the halls of the Kings Pallace, the contract of the marriage shalbe publiquly read and the commissions by virtue whereof it hath passed by substitutes, where againe the contract shall againe be ratified by the Kinge of Greate Brittaine and the Prince of Wales, in presence of the Comissioners of the Ffrench Kinge and of the nobles of England, in which there shall not pass anie Ecclesiasticall ceremony.
(6) Ffree exercise of the Catholique, Apostolique and Romane Religion for Madame and her trayne, and the children of her officers. Madame shall have a Chappell within every one of the Kings howses, and in all places els where she shall abide. They shalbe adorned as is fitt and kept as Madame shall appointe; preaching and mass freely used in them all. All Indulgents and Jubilyes there gained. A Churchyard within the Cittie of London to bury the servannts of Madame after the usage of the Catholique, Apostolique Romane Church, which shalbe done modestlie and the Churchyard kept from being prophained.
(7) Madame shall have a Bishopp for her Almner who shall have all power in matter of religion; he shall proceed according to the Cannons Ecclesiasticall againste all clergymen. And if anie such shall offend againste the Ecclesiasticall Courte, he shalbe sent to the Bishopp, who after he hath degraded him shall send him back to the Secular Justice; and in his absence his Viccar gennerall shall have the same power.
(8) Madame shall have 28 preists over the estate of her howshold, and if anie of them have taken orders he may retaine his habitt.
(9) The Kinge of England and the Prince of Wales shall take oath not to endeavor by anie meanes whatsoever to cause Madam to relinquish the Catholique, Apostolique Romane Religion.
(10) The howshold of Madame shalbe setled with as much dignitie and nomber of officers as ever Princess of Wales had or was yeelded unto the Infanta of Spaine.
(11) All Madams domestique servannts, whom she shall bring with her into England shalbe Catholique and Ffrenchmen chosen by the Kinge of Ffraunce, and when any dye or shalbe chaunged Madame shall take in there places other Catholique and Ffrenchmen, or English yf the Kinge of Greate Brittaine agree to it.
(12) The howshould of servannts shall take the oath of fidelity to the K. of Greate Brittaine, the Prince and Madame formally, that is to say, to be faythfull to the State and to reveale to the Kinge orders whatsoever they shall knowe to be attempted against them or the weale publique.
(13) The portion shalbe 800,000 Crownes (24,000li), the one half to be paid on the end of the nuptialls, the other half within a yeare after this.
(14) If the Prince dye without yssue, the portion shalbe redelivered.
(15) But if she have children there shalbe restitution made of two thirds of the portion, the other third parte remaineing in moveables for which she shall have a rent dureing her life, and her children after ffive in the hundred.
(16) The children shalbe brought upp about Madame untill the age of 13 yeeres.
(17) The children after Madams decease shall inheritt two thirds of that portion which shall have ben restored, yf she marry not againe. In which case her children by the second husband shall have parte.
(18) If Madame die before the Prince without yssue betweene them, the moytie of the said portion shalbe restored; and if she have children all shall remaine to the Kinge of England.
(19) Madam shall have a joynture of 18000li sterling by the yeare, that is to say of 60,000 Crownes.
(20) The Kinge of England shall give to Madame in favor of the marriage 50,000 Crownes (15,000li) worth of jewells fitt for her and hers, such as she now hath.
(21) Madames howse shalbe kept for her, and yf she be widow she shall enjoy her dowry and other conditions agreed upon.
(22) If the Prince dye, whether she hath children or not, she shall enjoy her dowry assigned in all places in lands, castles and howses, etc, whereof one shalbe fully furnished, with free power of disposeing all bennefices and offices belonging to the said lands, whereof one shall have title of Dutchy or Earldome.
(23) Madame, whether she have children or not, may retourne into Ffraunce with her moveables and jewells. She shall be conducted to Calays at the charge of the Kinge of England.
(24) Madame shall renownce all succession from her ffather, mother or Cellocarall as to lands that have soveraigne tytle.
(25) The contract of the marriage shalbe registred in the Courte of Parliament of Paris, and ratified by the Parliament of England, the Kinge and Prince promiseing not to doe contrary to any of these clauses.
(26) He of the two Kings which shall fayle in the accomplishment of the marriage shalbe obliged to pay 400,000 Crownes damage for the denial.
Agreed on the 20th November by the Commissioners of both the Kings, anno dni 1624.
Signed: Carleil Ambassadors
Holland
And the Cardinall of Richfoucault
Amond, Cardinall of Richelieu
Haligre
Chomberg L'Omenee
Contemporary copy. 3 pp. (130. 97.)
The Privy Council to the Earl of Salisbury.
1624, November 24.Ordering the levy of 100 more footmen, with similar directions to those given in their letter of October 31. —Whitehall, 24 November, 1624.
Signed: Jo. Lincoln; H. Mandeville; Arundell and Surrey; E. Worcester; Pembroke; 01. Grandisone; T. Edmondes; Geo. Calvert; Jul. Caesar. 2 pp. (196. 89.)
The Privy Council to the Earl of Salisbury.
1624, November 30.They refer to their letters of October 31 and November 24, ordering the levy of 200 and 100 men. 200 are to be delivered to Captaine Graine, and 100 to Captain Werley, and they are to be at Dover by the 24th of December.—Whitehall, last of November, 1624.
Signed: H. Mandeville; Pembroke; Ol. Grandisone; G. Carew; Arthur Chichester; T. Edmondes; Jo. Suckling; Geo. Calvert; Jul. Caesar. 2 pp. (196. 90.)
Henry Sherfield to the Earl of Salisbury.
1624, December 7.Of Salisbury's appointment of Mr Fussell in his (Sherfield's) brother's place as his Deputy-Steward of the Dorset and Wiltshire property. Details various objections to Fussell. Salisbury is very much wronged by those who recommended him, who are endeavouring to disinherit Salisbury of his property there. Names Mr Hooper and Sir Anthony Ashley as two of the Earl's enemies. Begs he will reconsider the matter and delay the appointment. If Salisbury intends to put him (the writer) out of his stewardship and put Fussell in his place, then he is doubly abused by his adversaries, first by their thrusting on him an unfit man, and next by their thrusting disgrace on him (Sherfield). Refers to the 41 articles of complaint made against his brother. Five of them are trifles. The rest concern only what his brother did by Salisbury's direction to advance his revenues, and seek to impeach his Lordship's rights.—Lincoln's Inn, 7 December, 1624.
Holograph. 7 pp. (130. 99.)
Viscount Grandison and Lord Carew to the Earl of Salisbury.
1624, December 10.There was a mistake in the Earl's letter, which they return rectified. They presume he will perform the King's command according to the importance of the service.— Whitehall, 10 December, 1624.
Signed. ½ p. (196. 91.)
The Earl of Salisbury to Henry Sherfield.
1624, December 16.Has received his letter in which Sherfield claims, on the grounds of an alleged promise, that he should be allowed to choose an understeward. What Salisbury remembers is that he requested Sherfield to consider whether Fussell had the requisite qualities for that post, and, if not, to suggest another person. He certainly did not intend, then or now, to invest Sherfield with authority to choose an understeward, for that had already caused him enough trouble which the appointment of a stranger would have prevented. In the light of the recommendation of many gentlemen, he has decided to choose Fussell for the post. Instructs Sherfield to transfer all court books, court rolls, copies of leases and other writings from his brother to Fussell. "If hereafter Fussell chance to prove such a dishonest man to me as you mention him to be, the falte shall lie upon my owne heade." Has received a "saucie and unmannerlie" letter from Sherfield's brother, which has hardly improved Salisbury's opinion of him. Were it not for Sherfield he would order him out of the parsonage house. However, although he will never find employment again in the Earl's service, he will be permitted to remain in the house but only until next Lady Day. Requests Sherfield to answer by return of bearer whether he intends to continue to assume responsibility for Salisbury's courts and affairs in Cranborne or not, "because I doe thinke when yowe come up to London expectinge to finde me there, I shall then be gone into Fraunce with my Lord Duke",—Quickswod, this 16 of Dec. 1624.
Draft in Keighley's hand. Signed only. Endorsed: "16 Decem. 1624. A copie of a lre from my Lord to Mr Henrie Sherfild aboute displaceinge his brother and for Fussell to be understeward there." Addressed: "To my verie loveinge freind Mr Henrie Sherfd at his house at Salisburie." 5 pp. (General 83/13.)
John Fussell to Christopher Keighley.
1624, December 28.Is grateful to the Earl of Salisbury for taking him into his employment, and undertakes to dedicate himself to his service and the promotion of his interests. According to the Earl's instructions as conveyed to him in Keighley's letter which he received on Christmas Eve, he proceeded to Salisbury to call on Henry Sherfield to discuss with him various matters concerning Salisbury's affairs. "I presume by my colde (not Christmas) entertaynement from Mr Sherfeild he standeth disaffected to me." However he is indifferent to Sherfield's opinion of him, and prefers to rely on Salisbury's judgment.—Sarum this xxviiith of Decem, 1624.
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (General 18/26.)
Robert — to Christopher Keighley.
1624, December 29.Reproves him for not writing a few lines "that wee maye knowe how the wourllde gooth att Lonndon with you all, for my Lady and wee did thincke you had all bynne gonne into Frannce and had forgottenn wee porre cunntry swaynnes. Yett wee have cheayred up ower sellves and have drunnck healltes to you all allthoughte nott deservid of us, to forgitt your porre frendes. Butt I will putt the cunntry prouverbe of you, owte of sitte, owte of mynnde, nott soo owlde as trewe. Leatt Sir Edwar Howard and Sir Arter Capell knowe my Lady did nott thinncke theaye woulde nott have bynn soo forgittfull of hir nott to writte to hir onne wordde of bisnisis, butt leatt itt reste. Lounndon ys a forgittfull place."—From Quixwod, the 29 of December, 1624.
Holograph. 1 p. (General 83/16.)
The Duke of Buckingham to Lord [? Salisbury].
[? c. 1624].I herewith send you my letter to my Lord of Suffolk, praying you to excuse me unto him for my long delay of writing it, whereof I have set down the reason in the letter; and I will entreat you to tell him thus much farther in my name, that he knows there is no "wirssling" with an old King, and that I would be glad he would so behave himself in this as I might have matter thereby to give him a real "truth" of my friendship, in making his Majesty's favour to shine again more upon him and his hereafter than these or any such places can be worth.—Undated.
Holograph. 1 p. (130. 107.)
Copper Mines in Cornwall.
[? c. 1624].Thomas Russell having found a way to make copper by dissolution by water, petitioned the King to grant him only licence to make copper by this method. He was referred to the then Lord Treasurer, who consented for the patent to be made to him, and to Robert Bell and Jhonson, to the use of the Lord Treasurer. The patent cost Russell 160l. Russell, seeing "his Lordship" would adventure nothing to prosecute the invention so long as the Lord Treasurer had two-third parts, begged "his Lordship" to have those two parts set over to himself, and Russell's third upon a certain rate. "His Lordship" consented, and ordered Bell and Jhonson to set over those parts to himself and another, paying Bell and Jhonson 20l a ton, which 20l was never intended for Bell and Jhonson but only for "my Lord's" use; and this agreement is yet in force. The adventurers have been the rather encouraged because the Lord Treasurer promised them to free the work from any other charge by the King, other than the 20l per annum reserved in the patent; and that he would defend them against all others. The undertakers to pay 20l upon every ton, if they may be free from further charge to the King, and protected from other encumbrances. If the Prince shall object that it is no royal mine, and therefore will agree with the owners of the soil, his Highness shall first oppose his own prerogative, and that case which has heretofore been adjudged by great lawyers. Besides, for the soil, the undertakers have bought their interest in the soil from the tenants. So that whether it shall be challenged as royal or otherwise, we are provided to answer. We can likewise prove it royal by the quantity of silver. 40 tons of ore make one ton of copper. The same quantity of ore makes 2 tons of bell metal. There is none that can refine this copper by water but only Russell, who has the patent from the King.—Undated.
Endorsed: "Copper mine in Cornwall." 1½ pp. (130. 123.)
[See Cal. S.P. Dom., 1623–25, pp. 289, 290.]
— to [the Earl of Salisbury].
[1624–28].The writers pray that the judges of the King's Bench, i.e. the Lord Chief Justice, and Judges Jonnes, Dodritche and Whittlocke will allow the judgment against the town of Maidstone to stand good, being entered above a year since, the then mayor and this mayor being made acquainted therewith, and then entreated to forbear to exercise their liberties in the 3 houses, whereby they might then have complained when all these points were fresh in memory.
Also that the original book, which stands as warrant to the officers, may be viewed by the judges in open court and "our" grievances read; when it will appear that this which is supposed to be struck out ought to be left out. Reasons given. They pray that the judgment may not be altered upon suppositions, for it concerns "your Lordship" and many others in their inheritances, and agrees with Mr Attorney's meaning.—Undated.
Endorsed: "For the Earl of Salisbury." 1 p. (214. 69.)
Clement Medley to Christopher Keighley.
[Before 1625].He thanks him for past favours, including the taking of his brother into his service, who however has acted unworthily. He does not propose to excuse him or intervene on his behalf since he does not know the full details of his misbehaviour. However he requests Keighley to retain him in his service until he has been paid a legacy from his deceased father by the two executors, Sir Clement Throckmorton and Mr Wagstaff. (fn. 2) After that he can be released to try his fortunes elsewhere. As for his own debt to Keighley, he proposes to meet him for lunch or dinner at his convenience and choice of place, and there repay it in person.—Undated.
Holograph. 1 p. (General 102/34.)
Sir George Calvert to the Earl of Salisbury.
[Before February, 1625]."It is a great misfortune to me that I cannot perform that service wherewith you intended to honour me without much inconvenience another way, which if there were any means possible to avoid, as I doubt there is hardly in this watchful time where I fear I may have prying eyes into my actions, I protest to God I should take it a great happiness to be thought worthy to assist at such an office. But I know and see your noble care of me, and that you will not impute my not performing that to any unwillingness or womanish fear that I have to come into your house, but to the respect I have only of those whom I am hourly now to attend at Court.—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed: "Mr Secretary Calvert." (fn. 3) 1 p. (130. 30.)

Footnotes

1 Died in August, 1624.
2 Died in 1625.
3 Calvert resigned his office on 12 February, 1625.


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