January 1746, 11-20
DIE Martis, 14o Januarii.
Domini tam Spirituales quam Temporales præsentes
Fredericus Princeps Walliæ.
Epus. Bath. & Wells.
Ds. Hardwicke, Cancellarius.
Dux Dorset, Præses.
Dux Devon, Senescallus.
Dux Grafton, Camerarius.
Dux St. Albans.
Viscount St. John.
|Ds. Willoughby Par.|
Ds. (fn. 1) Cornwallis.
The House was adjourned during Pleasure, to robe.
The House was resumed.
His Majesty, being seated on the Throne, with the
accustomed Ceremonies; the Prince of Wales and the
Duke of Cumberland, in their Robes, sitting in their respective Places; the Lords being also in their Robes;
the Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod received His
Majesty's Commands, to let the Commons know, "It
is His Majesty's Pleasure, that they attend Him immediately, in this House."
Who being come, with their Speaker;
His Majesty spake as follows; (videlicet,)
His Majesty's Speech.
"My Lords, and Gentlemen,
"At the Opening of this Session of Parliament, I did
not think it proper to lay any Thing before you, for
your Consideration, but what immediately related to
the present unnatural Rebellion, and our Security at
Home. The daring Attempt, which the Rebels have
since made, upon this Part of My Kingdom, has been
happily disappointed: And as their precipitate
Flight, before a small Number of My Troops, must
greatly dispirit their Followers; so that inviolable
Duty and Loyalty, which have been so universally
and steadily shewn by My faithful Subjects, and shall
never be forgotten by Me, must convince them how
vain and ill-grounded their Hopes were of any Addition of Strength from such an Enterprize. I have
not only sent a considerable Body of our National
Forces into Scotland, and ordered the Hessian Troops
in My Pay to be landed there; but have also made
such a Disposition of the rest of My Forces by Land,
as well as by Sea, that I hope, by the Blessing of
God, this Rebellion will in a short Time be extinguished, and our Enemies, who have so long menaced
us with an Invasion, be deterred by the seasonable Preparations made for our Defence.
"The Election of the Emperor, which I very zealously promoted, was an Event of great Importance,
not only to the Support of the House of Austria, but
to the Liberties of Europe in general. I did also,
during the Course of the last Year, exert My earnest
Endeavours to bring about an Accommodation between the Empress, the King of Poland, and the King
of Prussia; and laid a proper Foundation for it, by
the Convention made between Me and the King of
Prussia. This great Work being at length perfected,
under My Mediation, by the Treaty lately concluded
at Dresden, the interior Tranquillity of Germany,
amongst the Princes of the Empire, is now restored.
My next Care has been, and shall continue to be, applied to improve this Accommodation to the best Advantage, by procuring an immediate Succour to be
sent to Italy; and such a Strength for the Defence
and Security of The United Provinces, as may preserve
that Republick, the ancient and natural Ally of
this Kingdom, and One main Support of the Protestant Cause, from the Destruction with which it is
threatened, as well as to attain a safe and honourable
Peace. The States General have made the most pressing Instances to Me, to assist them in this difficult
Conjuncture: The imminent Dangers to which they
are at present exposed, which do so nearly affect the
Safety of Great Britain, as well as the very Being of
Holland, call for our most serious Attention; for the
Interests of the Two Nations are so united, that
whatsoever brings Ruin upon the one, must in Consequence be attended with the most fatal Mischiefs
to the other. These Reasons have induced Me to
assure The States, that I will, to the utmost of My
Power, according to the Circumstances of My own
Dominions, co-operate with them, towards opposing
the further Progress of our Enemies in The Netherlands, and procuring a proper Security for the Republick against the ambitious and destructive Designs
of France. In order to this necessary End, Measures
are now actually concerting between Me and The
States, for furnishing this Assistance, on My Part, as
early and effectually as possible; and for their making
such an Augmentation of their present Forces, as their
own immediate Preservation and the Necessity of
Affairs absolutely require.
"The great Advantages which we have received
from our Naval Strength, in protecting the Commerce of My Subjects, and intercepting and distressing that of our Enemies, have been happily experienced by the former, and severely felt by the latter: I am therefore determined to be particularly
attentive to this important Service, and to have such
a Fleet at Sea early in the Spring as may be sufficient
to defend ourselves, and effectually to annoy our
"Gentlemen of the House of Commons,
"It is with much Regret that I find myself obliged
to ask any further Aids of My People. I am so sensible of the Burthens they endure, that nothing could
give Me so sincere a Pleasure as to lighten them: But
the Considerations I have laid before you are so
necessary to our own Preservation, that I doubt not
you will grant Me such a Supply as shall be sufficient
for these Purposes. The proper Estimates shall soon
be laid before you; and I earnestly recommend it to
you, to take the most effectual Methods to maintain
the public Credit in this Conjuncture.
"My Lords, and Gentlemen,
"I have fully opened to you My Views and Intentions; which are so essential to the Honour of My
Crown, and the true Interest and Well-being of My
Kingdoms, that I depend on your vigorous Support,
and the utmost Unanimity and Dispatch in your Proceedings."
The Speech being ended; His Majesty was pleased
to retire; and the Commons withdrew.
The House was adjourned during Pleasure, to unrobe.
The House was resumed.
The Lord Chancellor reported His Majesty's Speech.
And the same being afterwards read by the Clerk:
Order for an Address.
Ordered, That an humble Address be presented
to His Majesty, "To return Him the Thanks of this
House, for His most Gracious Speech from the
"To thank His Majesty, for the Sense He is graciously pleased to express, of the inviolable Duty
and Loyalty of His People; and for His Majesty's
great Goodness and Concern for them, in the Care
He has taken for suppressing the present Rebellion,
and for the Defence of this Kingdom against an Invasion.
"To congratulate His Majesty on the Success of His
Arms under the Conduct of his Royal Highness the
Duke, in disappointing the Attempt of the Rebels
on this Part of Great Britain; and to assure Him of
the zealous and vigorous Support of this House, totally to extinguish the Rebellion in every Part of the
United Kingdom, and entirely to defeat the Designs
of the Pretender, and all those who presume to assist
or abet him.
"To acknowledge His Majesty's great Wisdom and
Regard for the public Welfare, in promoting the
Election of the Emperor, and in bringing about an
Accommodation between the Empress, the King of
Poland, and the King of Prussia; and to declare our
Satisfaction in that great Work being at length perfected, whereby an immediate Succour may be sent
to Italy, His Majesty's faithful Ally the King of Sardinia supported, and a Strength procured for the Defence and Security of The United Provinces.
"To express the just Sense we have of the imminent
Dangers to which The United Provinces are exposed,
and our Resolution vigorously to support Him in all
such necessary Measures as He shall enter into, for opposing the further Progress of our Enemies in The
Netherlands; for procuring a proper Security for the
Republick against the ambitious Designs of France;
and for attaining a safe and honourable Peace; this
House not doubting but The States General will make
such an Augmentation of their Forces, and all such
further Efforts, as the present Exigency requires.
"To declare our Satisfaction in His Majesty's wife
Resolution, to have particular Attention to the Naval
Strength of this Kingdom; from whence great Advantages have arisen, and must arise, to this Nation,
and our Enemies sensibly annoyed and distressed.
"To assure His Majesty, that the Menaces and Preparations of our Enemies have had no other Effect
upon us, but to heighten our Indignation against their
destructive Projects and Attempts, and our Zeal and
Ardour in the Cause of His Majesty and our Country."
Then the Lords following were appointed a Committee, to draw an Address, pursuant to the
said Order; and report to the House:
D. St. Albans.
|L. Abp. Cant.
L. B. Sarum.
L. B. Oxford.
Their Lordships, or any Five of them; to meet
presently, in the Prince's Lodgings; and to adjourn as they please.
The House was adjourned during Pleasure; and the
Committee withdrew, to prepare the Address.
After some Time, the House was resumed.
And the Lord Hervey reported from the said Committee, "That they had prepared an Address, pursuant to the foregoing Order."
And the same, being read by the Clerk, was agreed
to by the House; and is as follows; (videlicet,)
"Most Gracious Sovereign,
"We, Your Majesty's most dutiful and loyal Subjects, the Lords Spiritual and Temporal in Parliament
assembled, beg Leave to return Your Majesty our
humble Thanks, for Your most Gracious Speech
from the Throne.
"The great Care which Your Majesty has taken,
for suppressing the present wicked and unnatural
Rebellion, and for defending this Kingdom against
an Invasion, is a fresh Instance of Your Paternal
Goodness and Concern for Your People; the Continuance of whose Religious and Civil Rights is involved
in the Preservation of Your Majesty, and of the Protestant Succession in Your Royal House.
"We beg Leave to congratulate Your Majesty on
the Success of Your Arms, in disappointing the Attempt of the Rebels upon this Part of Great Britain:
As Your Troops, led on and animated by the Bravery and Example of his Royal Highness the Duke,
could not fail to strike Terror into the Rebels; so
Your Majesty's gracious Acknowledgement of the inviolable and active Loyalty of Your Faithful Subjects
must be the most encouraging Motive to them stedfastly to persevere in the same Principles. We comply therefore with every Call of Interest, as well as
of Duty, when we give Your Majesty the warmest
Assurances of our most zealous and vigorous Support,
totally to extinguish this Rebellion in every Part of
the United Kingdom, and entirely to defeat the Designs of the Pretender, and all those who shall presume to assist or abet him.
"It is with Gratitude we acknowledge Your Majesty's great Wisdom and Regard for the public Welfare, in exerting Your powerful Influence to promote the Election of the Emperor, and to bring about
an Accommodation between the Empress, the King
of Poland, and the King of Prussia: We look with
much Satisfaction on the Completion of this great
Work; in Consequence of which, an immediate Succour may be sent to Italy, Your Majesty's faithful
Ally the King of Sardinia be timely supported, and
a Strength procured for the Defence and Security of
The Low Countries.
"We are most sensibly affected with the imminent
Dangers to which The United Provinces are exposed.
We consider their Preservation and Security as of the
highest Importance to the Safety of these Kingdoms,
whose Interests have been closely connected with
those of that Protestant Republick, ever since its First
Foundation, We therefore beg Leave to assure Your
Majesty, that we will vigorously support You, in
taking proper Measures for their Defence, and in
making good such necessary Engagements as Your
Majesty shall enter into, for co-operating with them,
towards opposing the further Progress of our Enemies
in The Netherlands, and procuring a proper Security
for The States General against the ambitious and destructive Designs of France, and for attaining a
safe and honourable Peace.
"Your Majesty's Prudence and tender Concern for
Your People appear in nothing more, than in the
Regard You express for the Circumstances of Your
own Dominions. We cannot doubt but this Conside
ration will have its due Weight with Your Allies;
and that The States will make such an Augmentation
of their Forces, and all such further Efforts, as their
own immediate Danger and the present Exigency of
"The Advantages which Great Britain has received,
and the Losses and Distress which her Enemies have
felt, from our Naval Strength, are visible to all the
World: Your Majesty's Resolution, therefore, to be
particularly attentive to this important Service, and
to have a strong Fleet at Sea early in the Spring,
gives us the greatest Satisfaction.
"Your Majesty's Gracious Declaration, that You
have fully opened to us Your Views and Intentions,
is an additional Ground for that just Confidence
which we repose in You; and we do, in the most
solemn Manner, assure Your Majesty, that the Menaces thrown out, and the Preparations made by our
Enemies, have had no other Effect upon our Minds,
but to increase our Indignation against their destructive Projects and Attempts, and to augment and
heighten our Zeal and Ardour in the Cause of Your
Majesty and our Country."
Ordered, That the said Address be presented to
His Majesty by the whole House.
Ordered, That the Lords with White Staves do
wait on His Majesty, humbly to know when He will
be pleased to be attended therewith.
Dominus Cancellarius declaravit præsens Parliamentum continuandum esse usque ad & in diem Mercurii,
decimum quintum diem instantis Januarii, hora undecima
Auroræ, Dominis sic decernentibus.
DIE Mercurii, 15o Januarii.
Domini tam Spirituales quam Temporales præsentes
|Ds. Hardwicke, Cancellarius.
Dux Devon, Senescallus.
His Majesty to be attended with Address.
The Lord Steward acquainted the House, "That
the Lords with White Staves had (according to Order) waited on His Majesty, humbly to know what
Time He would be pleased to appoint to be attended
with their Lordships Address; and that His Majesty
had been pleased to appoint this Day, at Two o'Clock,
at His Palace of St. James's."
Hart & Ux. Pet. referred to Judges.
Upon reading the Petition of George Hart of Tottenham
in the County of Middlesex Brewer and Susanna his
Wife, in Behalf of themselves and their Children;
praying Leave to bring in a Bill, for Sale of an Estate
in Ducklington, in the County of Oxon, in the Petition
mentioned; and settling another Estate, of as great or
greater Value, to the same Uses, in Lieu thereof:
It is Ordered, That the Consideration of the said
Petition be, and is hereby, referred to the Lord Chief
Justice of the Court of Common Pleas and Mr Justice
Burnett; with the usual Directions, according to the
Dominus Cancellarius declaravit præsens Parliamentum continuandum esse usque ad et in diem Martis,
vicesimum primum diem instantis Januarii, hora undecima Auroræ, Dominis sic decernentibus.