DIE Martis, 18 die Junii.
Domini tam Spirituales quam Temporales præsentes
||His Royal Highness the Duke of Yorke.||
| Arch. Cant.
Epus. Bath &
Ds. Thesaurarius Angl.
L. Great Chamberlain.
Comes Dorset &
Comes St. Alban.
Ds. Grey de Wark.
Howard de Esc.
Ds. Arundell T.
Butler de M. Park.
His Majesty, sitting in His Royal Throne, adorned with His
Regal Crown and Ornaments (the Peers being likewise in their Robes), commanded
the Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod, to signify His Pleasure to the House of
Commons, "That they attend Him presently, with their Speaker."
Who being come, His Majesty made the Speech
His Majesty's Speech.
"My Lords and Gentlemen,
"I know very well that the Season of the Year requires this
Session should be short; and that, both for My Health and your Occasions, we
may all have Liberty to go into the Country by the Middle of the next Month at
farthest. I think it a Matter of yet more Importance, that we part not only
fairly but kindly too, and in perfect Confidence one of another; since nothing
else can render us either safe and easy at Home, or considered so far Abroad as
this Crown has ever been, and is now more necessary than ever, both for the
Safety of Christendom and our own: Therefore I shall at this Time open My Heart
freely to you, in some Points that nearest concern both you and Me; and hope
you will consider them so, because I am sure our Interest ought not to be
divided; and for Me they never shall. I told you, at the Opening of this
Session, how violently Things Abroad were driving on towards a Peace, and that
I could not tell where they would end; but that I was resolved to save
Flanders, either by a War or a Peace; in which I am still
fixed, as in the greatest Foreign Interest of this Nation. I must now tell you,
that Things seem already to have determined in a Peace, at least as to
Spaine and Holland; who have so far
accepted the Terms offered by France, that My Ambassador
at Nimmeguen writes Me Word, he expected to be called
upon to sign by the last of this Month. My Part in it will be not only of a
Mediator, but to give My Guaranty to it, which the Confederates will call upon
Me for, and I am resolved to give in the strongest Manner they themselves will
desire, and I am able. How far this will go, I cannot tell; but they send Me
Word already, that unless England and Holland will both join in the Charge of maintaining
Flanders, even after the Peace, the Spaniards will not be in Condition of supporting it alone, and
must fall into other Measures. On the other Side, they think France will be left so great, that nothing Abroad can treat
with them hereafter upon an equal Foot, without the Hopes of being supported by
this Crown; and, to this End, I am sure, it will be necessary not only to keep
our Navies constantly strong at Sea, but to leave the World in some Assurance
of our being well united at Home, and thereby in as great an Opinion of our
Conduct hereafter as they are already of our Force. Upon this Occasion, I
cannot but say, that though, after our joint Resolutions of a War, and the
Supplies you have given towards it, you may think the Peace an ill Bargain,
because it will cost you Money, yet perhaps you will not believe it so, if you
consider that by it so great a Part of Flanders is like
to be saved; whereas, without the Paces we made towards War, there is nothing
so certain as that the Whole of it would have been absolutely lost this
Campaign, if not by this very Time; and I believe you would give much greater
Sums than this will cost you, rather than the single Town of Ostend should be in the French Hands, and
Forty of their Men of War in so good an Haven over against the River's Mouth.
Besides, both you and I (as we are true Englishmen)
cannot but be pleased, and understand the Importance of that Reputation we have
gained Abroad, by having in Forty Days raised an Army of near Thirty Thousand
Men, and prepared a Navy of Ninety Ships, which would have been now ready at
Sea, if we had gone into a War. Now (my Lords and Gentlemen) I know that in so
great Conjunctures you desire that I should keep the Honour of My Crowns, and
look to your Safety, by some Balance in the Affairs Abroad; and I should be
very glad I were able to do it: But I do not see how it will be possible for
Me, even in a Time of Peace, with a Revenue so impaired as Mine is by My Debts
long since contracted, and the present Anticipations, and at the best so
disproportioned, not only to that of the Kings My Neighbours, but even to that
of The United Provinces themselves (though of no larger
Extent than Two or Three of our Counties): Therefore, as I said I would open My
Heart freely to you, so I must tell you, That if you would see Me able in any
Kind to influence the great Conjunctures Abroad, wherein the Honour and Safety
of the Nation are so much concerned, and wherein the Turns are some Times so
short as not to give Me Leave to call in Time either for your Advice or
Assistances; if you would have Me able but to pursue such a War as this of
Algiers with Honour, and at the same Time keep such
Fleets about our own Coasts as may give our Neighbours the Respect for us that
have been always paid this Crown; if you would have Me pass any Part of My Life
in Ease or Quiet, and all the rest of it in perfect Confidence and Kindness
with you and all succeeding Parliaments; you must find a Way of settling for My
Life, not only My Revenue, and the additional Duties as they were at
Christmas last, but of adding to them, upon some new
Funds, Three Hundred Thousand Pounds a Year: Upon which, I shall consent that
an Act may pass, for appropriating Five Hundred Thousand Pounds a Year to the
constant Maintenance of the Navy and Ordnance, which I take to be the greatest
Safety and Interest of these Kingdoms; and I will at the same Time (as I do
now) assure you, that I shall not only, this or any other Session of
Parliament, consent to such reasonable and Public Bills as you shall offer Me,
but shall employ My whole Life to advance the true and public Good and Safety
of My People, and endeavour, while I live, that none else shall ever be able to
do them Harm. I did not in My last Speech mention the Forty Thousand Pounds I
am engaged to pay to the Prince of Orange for My Niece's
Portion, because I had recommended it to you so lately before; but, the First
Payment being already due, and demanded by him; I must again put you in Mind of
it, and desire you will enable Me to keep My Word with him."
Villiers' Claim to the Title of Visc. Purbeck.
After this, the House took into Consideration the whole
Matter concerning the Petitioner's Claim to the Title of Viscount
And it was moved, "That the Fine levied for surrendering
the Honour to the King might be sent for."
But the Question being put, "Whether the Record of this
Fine levied in this Case shall be sent for?"
It was Resolved in the Negative.
Then the House proceeded in the Debate, and made the
ensuing Order; which was unanimously agreed to:
No Fine to bar Title of Honour.
Forasmuch as, upon the Debate of the Petitioner's Case who
claims the Title of Viscount Purbeck, a Question in Law
did arise, Whether a Fine levied to the King by a Peer of the Realm, of his
Title of Honour, can bar and extinguish that Title; the Lords Spiritual and
Temporal in Parliament assembled, upon very long Debate, and having heard His
Majesty's Attorney General, are unanimously of Opinion, and do resolve and
adjudge, That no Fine now levied, or at any Time hereafter to be levied, to the
King, can bar such Title of Honour, or the Right of any Person claiming such
Title under him that levied, or shall levy, such Fine."
The House resumed the Debate. And,
The Question being put, "Whether to go on now in this
It was Resolved in the Negative.
ORDERED, That the Debate of this Business be resumed on
Thursday Morning next, and to be the First Business; at
which Time the Judges are to be present, and also His Majesty's Attorney
General to be present.
Supply Bill, for disbanding Forces.
ORDERED, That To-morrow Morning this House be put into a
Committee, to consider of the Bill for granting a Supply to His Majesty, for
enabling Him to pay and disband the Forces which have been raised since the
29th of September last.
Lawrence versus Berney.
Whereas this House had appointed to hear Counsel, at the
Bar, on both Parts, in the Cause depending in this House, between
Thomas Laurance and others Plaintiffs by Petition, and
John Berney Defendant, Tomorrow, being the 19th Day of
this Instant June:
It is this Day ORDERED, by the Lords Spiritual and
Temporal in Parliament assembled, That the said Hearing is hereby put off to
Wednesday the 26th Day of June, at
Ten of the Clock in the Forenoon; whereof both the said Parties are hereby to
take Notice, and attend with their Counsel accordingly.
Dominus Cancellarius declaravit præsens Parliamentum
continuandum esse usque in diem Mercurii, 19um diem
instantis Junii, hora decima Aurora, Dominis sic decernentibus.
Hitherto examined, this 25 of June,