Zoology
Molluscs and Insects

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Victoria County History

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William Page (editor)

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1906

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71-120

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'Zoology: Molluscs and Insects', A History of the County of Somerset: Volume 1 (1906), pp. 71-120. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=117304 Date accessed: 01 August 2014.


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ZOOLOGY

MOLLUSCS NON-MARINE

Favoured in its situation and the quality of its soil, the county of Somerset yields a record of inland mollusca above the average, not only in the number of forms but in the abundance of individuals.

Out of the 139 species recorded for the British Islands no less than 112 have been found in the county, and possibly one or two more may yet be added, such for instance as Vitrea lucida.

The general facies of the assemblage is typically western, although the more peculiar forms are wanting.

Amongst records which cannot be accepted are those of Vertigo substriata, V. alpestris, Succinea oblonga and Assiminea grayana. The last named form is strictly confined to the Thames estuary, and its occurrence in a Somerset list must be due to a misidentification. Succinea oblonga has only been doubtfully recognized amongst rejectamenta of the Brue, and if correct the specimen probably came from a Pleistocene deposit. Vertigo substriata is a mistaken identification of Miller's record of Turbo sexdentatus which is Vertigo antivertigo, while V. angustior comes from a Gloucestershire locality.

The principal papers on the district are those by the Rev. Canon A. Merle Norman, D.C.L., F.R.S., (fn. 1) and by Mr. E. W. Swanton. (fn. 2)

A. GASTROPODA

I. PULMONATA

a. Stylommatophora

Testacella maugei, Fér. [Introduced] Long Ashton; Castle Cary; Taunton; Bridgewater

haliotidea, Drap. Bridgewater

scutulum, Sby. Leigh Woods, Bristol

Limax maximus, Linn.

flavus, Linn.

arborum, Bouch.-Chant.

Agriolimax agrestis (Linn.)

lœvis (Müll.)

Amalia sowerbii (Fér.). Hatch Beauchamp; Beer Crowcombe; Clevedon

gagates (Drap.)

Vitrina pellucida (Müll.)

Vitrea crystallina (Müll.)

alliaria (Miller)

Vitrea glabra (Brit. Auct.). Creech Hill, near Bruton; Hatch Beauchamp

cellaria (Müll.)

nitidula (Drap.)

pura (Ald.)

radiatula (Ald.). Elsdon Hill; Clevedon Hill; Leigh Woods, Bristol

nitida (Müll.)

fulva (Müll.)

Arion ater (Linn.)

elongatus, Coll. Wainsgrove

hortensis, Fér.

circumscriptus, John.

intermedius, Norm. Wincanton; Glastonbury

subfuscus (Drap.). Eastern part of the county

Punctum pygmœum (Drap.)

Pyramidula rupestris (Drap.)

Pyramidula rotundata (Müll.)

Helicella virgata (Da C.)

itala (Linn.)

caperata (Mont.)

barbara (Linn.). Sandhills of the coast

cantiana (Mont.). Bristol district

Hygromia fusca (Mont.)

granulata (Ald.). Ashley Marsh, Bristol

hispida (Linn.)

rufescens (Penn.)

Acanthinula aculeata (Müll.)

Vallonia pulchella (Müll.)

Helicigona lapicida (Linn.)

arbustorum (Linn.)

Helix aspersa, Müll.

nemoralis, Linn.

hortensis, Müll.

Buliminus montanus (Drap.). Mendips; Bristol and Bath districts

obscurus (Müll.)

Cochlicopa lubrica (Müll.)

Azeca tridens (Pult.). Brockley Coombe, Bristol

Cœcilianella acicula (Müll.) Bristol; Taunton; Yeovil, etc.

Pupa secale, Drap. Local, in the northern parts of the county

cylindracea (Da C.)

muscorum (Linn.)

Sphyradium edentulum (Drap.) Wincanton; Yeovil; rejectamenta of stream at Bratton St. Maur

Vertigo antivertigo (Drap.). Bath; Bristol; rejectamenta of Avon and stream at Shepton Montague

pygmœa (Drap.)

pusilla, Müll.Near Bristol, in rejectamenta of the Avon
angustior, Jeff.

Balea perversa (Linn.)

Clausilia laminata (Mont.)

bidentata (Ström.)

biplicata (Mont.). Leigh Woods, Bristol

rolphii, Gray. Long Ashton, near Bristol

Succinea putris (Linn.)

elegans, Risso.

b. Basommatophora

Carychium minimum, Müll.

Melampus denticulatus (Mont.)Banks of the Avon near Pill
Alexia myosotis (Drap.)
Leuconia bidentata (Mont.)

Ancylus fluviatilis, Müll.

Velletia lacustris (Linn.)

Limnœa auricularia (Linn.)

pereger (Müll.)

palustris (Müll.)

truncatula (Müll.)

stagnalis (Linn.)

glabra (Müll.). Bratton St. Maur

Planorbis corneus (Linn.)

albus, Müll.

glaber, Jeff. Clevedon, Bristol

nautileus (Linn.)

carinatus, Müll. Kenn Moor

marginatus, Drap.

vortex (Linn.)

spirorbis, Müll.

contortus (Linn.)

fontanus (Lightf.)

Physa fontinalis (Linn.)

hypnorum (Linn.)

II. PROSOBRANCHIATA

Paludestrina ventrosa (Mont.). Avonmouth; Shirehampton; The Pill, Clevedon

stagnalis (Bast.). River mouths on the coast Bithynia tentaculata (Linn.)

leachii (Shepp.)

Vivipara vivipara (Linn.) Dunster; Bath; Avon Canal

contecta (Millett). Weston-super-Mare

Valvata piscinalis (Müll.).

cristata, Müll.

Pomatias elegans (Müll.)

Acicula lineata (Drap.). Rejectamenta of the Avon below Bristol; of the Brue below Castle Cary; of the stream at Bratton St. Maur; Brockley Coombe

Neritina fluviatilis (Linn.).

B. PELECYPODA

Dreissensia polymorpha (Pall.)

Unio pictorum (Linn.) River Avon; River Brue; Bath Canal

tumidus, Retz. River Avon; River Brue, near Street

Anodonta cygnœa (Linn.)

Sphœrium rivicola (Leach). Bath Canal; Keynsham; Harwood

corneum (Linn.)

ovale (Fér.). Kennet and Avon Canal; River Avon

Sphœrium lacustre (Müll.)

Pisidium amnicum (Müll.)

pusillum (Gmel.). Avonmouth; Bedminster

nitidum, Jenyns. Pond, third railway bridge from Clevedon; River Brue at Street

fontinale (Drap.). Besides the type, the variety henslowiana is found in the Leigh Woods and in the Kennet and Avon Canal, Clevedon

INSECTS

With the exception of butterflies and moths, which are always favourites with collectors, the insects of Somerset have been very much neglected, and it does not appear that any local lists have ever been published. Among naturalists resident in the county collectors of the less known orders of insects are conspicuous by their absence, and while a very complete list of the Lepidoptera has been compiled by Mr. A. E. Hudd, the remainder are little more than sketches for others to enlarge upon, and are drawn up chiefly from my own collections, made for the most part in the immediate neighbourhood of my house at Batheaston and during occasional visits to the shore of the Bristol Channel. Their meagre appearance however must not be taken to indicate that the insect fauna of Somerset is less rich in species than that of most other counties; indeed it is probably more so. The majority of insects feed on plants, some confining themselves to special plants, which may be abundant, rare or altogether absent, according to the nature of the soil on which they grow.

Somerset is a large county of varied physical aspect, being both maritime and inland, while its geology includes the Devonian, Old Red Sandstone, Mountain Limestone, Coal Measures, New Red Sandstone (Trias), Lias, Oolite, Greensand and Chalk, with extensive alluvial deposits, from which it possesses a rich and varied flora, and justifies our expectation of finding an equally rich and varied insect fauna.

In the early part of last century a good deal of insect collecting was done in the western counties, Stephens in his Illustrations of British Entomology recording a very considerable number as having been taken at Bristol. Now although it is probable that more than half of these were found in the Leigh Woods and other places on the south side of the river Avon, still, on account of the uncertainty, I thought it best to omit them altogether from the following lists.

To each name is added a locality where the insect was found, even when it is considered as common everywhere; and when not taken by myself, I have added the name of my authority, for my own experience quite confirms that of Canon Fowler, who, in his British Coleoptera, says: 'Very few beetles are really common in the sense of being generally distributed, and on the other hand very few are really rare; the majority of the so-called scarce species are locally abundant and may be found in numbers if their habits are discovered.' (fn. 3)

ORTHOPTERA

The order Orthoptera includes earwigs, cockroaches, grasshoppers and crickets, and is but poorly represented in Britain, the total number of species being about forty-two.

There are six species of earwig, only two of which are common; seven cockroaches, of which three species have been introduced from abroad; of grasshoppers twenty-four, and of crickets five species.

Forficulidæ

Labia minor, L. Batheaston

Forficula auricularia, L. "

Blattidæ

Periplaneta orientalis, L. Batheaston

Acridiidæ

Stenobothrus viridulus, L. Batheaston

— rufipes, Zett. "

— bicolor, Charp. "

Stenobothrus parallelus, Zett. Batheaston

Gomphocerus maculatus, Thunb. "

Leptophyes punctatissima, Bosc. "

Locustidæ

Meconema varium, Fab. Batheaston

Locusta viridissima, L. Burnham

Thamnotrizon cinereus, L. Batheaston

Gryllus domesticus, L. "

NEUROPTERA

The Neuroptera include bird-lice, stone-flies, dragonflies, Mayflies, caddis-flies, scorpion-flies and lacewing-flies.

One of the Hemerobiidæ, Psectra diptera is a great rarity, having been found only in Somerset. Regarding it, Mr. C. W. Dale says: 'This, which was taken at Langport by my father on June 27, 1843, is the only specimen that has ever been taken in England, and there are only six others known in Europe' (Dorset Nat. Hist. and Ant. Field Club, (1900), xxi. 223).

Sympetrum sanguineum, Müll. Burnham

Libellula depressa, L. Batheaston

Cordulegaster annulatus, Latr. "

Æschna cyanea, Müll. "

Calopteryx virgo, L. Oareford

Ischnura elegans, Lind. Batheaston

Hemerobiidæ

Psectra diptera. Langport (Dale)

HYMENOPTERA

The order Hymenoptera includes ants, bees, wasps, sawflies and ichneumon-flies, and is by many considered the highest order of insects.

Of ants there are in Britain about twenty-five species, of which five have been introduced. Bees and wasps number about 350 species, and the sawflies are very numerous.

The great majority of this order however consists of parasitic hymenoptera, whose use to mankind is scarcely appreciated by the general public. Many of the most injurious insects are only kept within due bounds by their means.

Dr. Sharp says that the destructive Winter Moth (Cheimatobia brumata) is known to be subject to the attacks of sixty-three species of hymenopterous parasites, and that so abundant are these latter that late in the autumn it is not infrequently the case that the majority of caterpillars contain these destroyers.

This order is remarkable for the fact that in it parthenogenesis frequently occurs, and this is sometimes accompanied by alternation of generations.

ACULEATA HETEROGYNA

Formicidæ

Formica fusca, Latr. Batheaston

— rufa, L. Minehead

Lasius fuliginosus, Latr. Batheaston

— niger, L. "

— flavus, DeG. "

Myrmicidæ

Myrmecina latreilli, Curt. Batheaston

Tetramorium cæspitum, L. "

Myrmica rubra, L. "

FOSSORES

Scoliidæ

Tiphia femorata, Fab. Burnham

Pompilidæ

Pompilus plumbeus, Fab. Burnham

— chalybeatus, Schiödte. "

Salius fuscus, L. Freshford" (Charbonnier)

Sphegidæ

Tachytes pectinipes, L. Burnham

Trypoxylon figulus, L. Batheaston

— attenuatum, Sm. Taunton (Charbonnier)

Ammophila hirsuta, Scop. Burnham

— sabulosa, L. Minehead

Pemphredon lugubris, F. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Passalœcus insignis, V. de Lind. Batheaston

Mimesa unicolor, V. de Lind. Taunton (Charbonnier)

Gorytes mystaceus, L. Batheaston

Nysson dimidiatus, Jur. Minehead

Mellinus arvensis, L. Burnham

— sabulosus, F. "

Oxybelus uniglumis, L. "

— mucronatus, F. "

Crabro clavipes, L. Batheaston

— capitosus, Shuck. Freshford (Charbonnier)

— palmipes, L. Taunton (Charbonnier)

— elongatulus, V. de Lind. Freshford (Charbonnier)

— cribrarius, L. Batheaston

— peltarius, Schreb. Burnham

— vagus, L. "

— cephalotes, Panz. Batheaston

— chrysostoma, Lep. "

— interruptus, DeG. Burnham

DIPLOPTERA

Vespidæ

Vespa crabro, L. Batheaston

— vulgaris, L. "

— germanica, F. "

— sylvestris, Scop. "

— rufa, L. "

— norvegica, F. "

Eumenidæ

Odynerus spinipes, L. Freshford (Charbonnier)

— melanocephalus, Gmel. Freshford (Charbonnier)

— lævipes, Shuck. Batheaston

— callosus, Thoms. "

— parietum, L. Burnham

— pictus, Curt. Freshford (Charbonnier)

— trimarginatus, Zett. Burnham

— trifasciatus, Oliv. Freshford (Charbonnier)

— parietinus, L. Batheaston

— gracilis, Brullé. Minehead

— sinuatus, F. Burnham

ANTHOPHILA

Colletidæ

Colletes fodiens, Kirb. Burnham

— marginata, Sm. Minehead

— daviesana, Sm. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Prosopis communis, Nyl. Minehead

— signata, Panz. Freshford (Charbonnier)

— brevicornis, Nyl. Minehead

Andrenidæ

Sphecodes gibbus, L. Freshford (Charbonnier)

— subquadratus, Sm. Batheaston

— pilifrons, Thoms. Burnham

— puncticeps, Thoms. "

— similis, Wesm. Batheaston

Halictus rubicundus, Chr. Freshford (Charbonnier)

— leucozonius, Schr. Batheaston

— lævigatus, Kirb. "

— cylindricus, F. "

— albipes, Kirb. "

— longulus, Sm. "

— pauxillus, Schk. "

— tumulorum, L. "

— smeathmanellus, Kirb. "

— morio, F. Minehead

Andrena cingulata, F. Batheaston

— albicans, Kirb. "

— trimmerana, Kirb. Freshford (Charbonnier)

— rosæ, Panz. Freshford (Charbonnier)

— cineraria, L. Batheaston

— thoracica, F. "

— nitida, Fourc. "

— fulva, Schr. (Francis)

— clarkella, Kirb. (Francis)

— nigro-ænea, Kirb. Minehead

— gwynana, Kirb. Batheaston

— varians, Rossi. Minehead

— albicrus, Kirb. Batheaston

— chrysosceles, Kirb. "

— labialis, Kirb. "

— minutula, Kirb. "

— nana, Kirb. Freshford (Charbonnier)

— afzeliella, Kirb. " "

— wilkella, Kirb. " "

Cilissa hæmorrhoidalis, F. Bath (Saunders)

Nomada sexfasciata, Panz. Batheaston

— succincta, Panz. "

— lineola, Panz. "

— alternata, Kirb. "

— ruficornis, L. "

— ochrostoma, Kirb. Freshford (Charbonnier)

— fabriciana, L. Leigh (Charbonnier)

— flavoguttata, Kirb. Flax Bourton (Charbonnier)

Apidæ

Megachile willughbiella, Kirb. Freshford (Charbonnier)

— centuncularis, L. Burnham

— argentata, F. Burnham (Saunders)

Osmia rufa, L. Batheaston

— pilicornis, Sm. Leigh Woods (Saunders)

— cœrulescens, L. Freshford (Charbonnier)

— leucomelana, Kirb. Leigh Woods (Saunders)

— spinulosa, Kirb. Cheddar (Charbonnier)

Anthidium manicatum, L. Cheddar (Charbonnier)

Melecta luctuosa, Scop. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Melecta armata, Panz. Batheaston

Anthophora pilipes, F. "

Psithyrus rupestris, F. Freshford (Charbonnier)

— vestalis, Fourc. Batheaston

— barbutellus, Kirb. "

— campestris, Panz. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Bombus venustus, Sm. Freshford (Charbonnier)

— agrorum, F. Batheaston

— hortorum, L. Ashton (Charbonnier) v. harrisellus, Kirb. Batheaston

— pratorum, L. "

— lapidarius, L. "

— terrestris, L. "

v. lucorum, Sm. "

Apis mellifica, L. "

Siricidæ

Sirex gigas, L. Batheaston (Broome)

Tenthredinidæ

Tenthredo lachlaniana, Cam. Batheaston

— moniliata, Klug. "

— bicincta, L. "

— mesomela, L. "

— olivacea, Klug. "

— lateralis, Fab. "

— viridis, L. "

Tenthredopsis cordata, Fourc. "

— nigricollis, Cam. "

— nassata, L. "

— microcephala, Lep. Minehead

Macrophya neglecta, Klug. Batheaston

— punctum-album, L. "

Allantus arcuatus, Forst. "

— scrophulariæ, L. "

Dolerus fissus, Htg. "

— fulviventris, Scop. "

— gonagra, Fab. "

— hæmatodis, Schr. "

— oblongus, Cam. "

Strongylogaster angulatus, Thoms. Minehead

Crœsus septentrionalis, L. Batheaston

Trichiosoma lucorum, L. "

Hylotoma cyaneo-crocea, Forst. "

Rhodites rosæ, L. "

COLEOPTERA

Beetles differ from other insects in having a hard external integument, and by the first pair of wings, which are of no use in flying, taking the form of tough chitinous wing covers, from which they get the name Coleoptera or sheath-wings. They exist in enormous numbers, Dr. Sharp considering them to form the predominant order of insects in the present epoch. He estimates the number of species now known at about 150,000, and about 3,500 of these have been found in Britain. They vary very greatly in their habits, and though many constantly conceal themselves, beetles, if searched for, are to be found everywhere, and some can live and thrive under the (apparently) most adverse circumstances. Nearly two years ago a stick of Spanish liquorice was brought me which contained a few small white maggots. I put this into a closed glass jar, and in a short time the maggots changed to beetles, Anobium paniceum, L., which have since passed through several generations, the liquorice gradually diminishing, while the number of beetles, living and dead, constantly increases, although they have had no moisture, except what they could get from the air in a very dry room, and I have little doubt that the race will survive until all the liquorice has been consumed.

Many beetles are very injurious to our crops and trees, while some are beneficial, in that they feed on and destroy noxious insects.

Among the former are wireworms, the most destructive of farm pests; they are the larval forms of various Click Beetles (Agriotes lineatus, L., A. obscurus, L., A. sputator, L.) and live for several years as grubs, eating the roots and underground shoots of plants, and thus destroy much more than they require as food. Among these are the Hop-flea (Plectroscelis concinna, Marsh.); the Turnip-fly (Phyllotreta nemorum, L.); the Turnipgall Weevil (Ceuthorrhynchus pleurostigma, Marsh.); the Bean Beetle (Bruchus rufimanus, Boh.); the Pea Weevil (Sitones lineatus, L.); the Asparagus Beetle (Crioceris asparagi, L.); one of the Carrion Beetles, Silpha opaca, L., the grub of which attacks mangold-wurzel and beet. The following do much injury to forest trees: the Elm-bark Beetle (Scolytus destructor, Ol.), which makes galleries between the bark and the wood; the Pine Beetle (Myelophilus piniperda, L.); the Pine Weevil (Hylobius abietis, L.); while others are very injurious to fruit trees, the Apple-blossom Weevil (Anthonomus pomorum, L.); the Nut Weevil (Balaninus nucum, L.), responsible for maggoty nuts; the Nut-leaf Weevil (Strophosomus coryli, F.), which attacks the foliage of hazels and various other trees. The LeafWeevils, Phyllobius oblongus, L., and P. maculicornis, Germ., do occasionally much mischief in orchards. The Shot-borer (Xyleborus dispar, F.) injures many kinds of fruit trees by eating tunnels through the wood; the Raspberry Beetle (Byturus tomentosus, F.), which as a beetle attacks the blossom, and as a maggot destroys the fruit; Otiorrhynchus tenebricosus, Herbst, O. picipes, F., and O. sulcatus, F., do injury to fruit trees. The Rose Chafer (Cetonia aurata, L.) and the Garden Chafer (Phyllopertha horticola, L.) are both very destructive, while the Cockchafer (Melolontha vulgaris, F.) in its beetle state attacks the leaves of most of our common deciduous trees, doing at times considerable harm to apple, plum and cherry; while the grubs cause even greater damage by eating the grass-roots in pasture land, as well as those of mangold, potato and turnip.

It was formerly thought that the ground beetles, the Geodephaga, were exclusively carnivorous, but it is now known that several among them, Harpalus ruficornis, F., Pterostichus vulgaris, L., P. madidus, F., and Calathus cisteloides, Panz., do injury to strawberries.

On the other hand the various species of Coccinella, the Ladybirds, are among our best friends, as both in the winged and in the larval state they destroy enormous quantities of aphides.

The following list is most imperfect; the only person, so far as I have been able to discover, who systematically collected beetles in Somerset was the late Mr. Gillo of Bath, but unfortunately he never published a complete list of his captures, and I do not know what became of his collection.

The entries against his name in the following list were found scattered in various periodicals, Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, Entomological Record, Young Naturalist, etc.

Of the two largest British beetles, one, the Stag Beetle (Lucanus cervus, L.) seems rare. I have never seen it in west Somerset, though its place is taken by its smaller relative, Dorcus parallelopipedus, L., which is abundant. Mr. Macmillan found it at Castle Cary. The Great Water Beetle (Hydrophilus piceus, L.) is plentiful near Glastonbury, and apparently was always so, as many of its wing cases (some now in the Glastonbury Museum) were found among the prehistoric remains of the British lake village.

A few rare beetles have been found. The late Mr. Gillo took near Bath, in 1885, Amara nitida, Sturm., a species then new to Britain (E. M. M. xxii. 240), and the late Mr. Blatch found at Porlock, in 1896, Quedius reparius, Kellner, the first recorded as taken in this country.

Cicindelidæ

Cicindela campestris, L. Batheaston

— hybrida, v. maritima, Dej. Burnham

Carabidæ

Cychrus rostratus, L. Batheaston

Carabus catenulatus, Scop. "

— nemoralis, Müll. Bath (Gillo)

— violaceus, L. Batheaston

— nitens, L. Castle Cary (Macmillan)

— granulatus, L. Batheaston

— monilis, F. "

Notiophilus biguttatus, F. "

— substriatus, Wat. Cheddar

— aquaticus, L. Batheaston

— palustris, Duft. Bath (Gillo)

Leistus spinibarbis, F. Batheaston

— fulvibarbis, Dej. "

— ferrugineus, L. "

Nebria complanata, L. Burnham (Gillo)

— brevicollis, F. Batheaston

Loricera pilicornis, F. "

Clivina fossor, L. "

— collaris, Herbst. Bath (Gillo)

Dyschirius thoracicus, Rossi. Minehead

— impunctipennis, Daws. Burnham

Dyschirius salinus, Schaum. Weston-super-Mare (Wollaston)

— globosus, Herbst. Burnham (Gillo)

Broscus cephalotes, L. Castle Cary (Macmillan)

Badister bipustulatus, F. Batheaston

— sodalis, Duft. Bath (Gillo)

Chlænius vestitus, Payk. Bath (Gillo)

— nigricornis, F. Bath (Gillo)

Acupalpus meridianus, L. Batheaston

Bradycellus distinctus, Dej. Bath (Gillo)

— verbasci, Duft. Batheaston

Harpalus punctatulus, Duft. Bath (Gillo)

— azureus, F. Bath (Gillo)

— rupicola, Sturm. Batheaston

— puncticollis, Payk. "

— rufibarbis, F. Bath (Gillo)

— ruficornis, F. Batheaston

— æneus, F. "

— consentaneus, Dej. Minehead

— rubripes, Duft. Batheaston

— latus, L. "

— quadripunctatus, Dej. Cheddar (Blatch)

— tardus, Panz. Minehead

— anxius, Duft. Burnham

Harpalus serripes, Schön. Cheddar

— ignavus, Duft. Minehead

Dichirotrichus pubescens, Payk. Clevedon (Gillo)

Anisodactylus binotatus, F. Batheaston

Stomis pumicatus, Panz. "

Platyderus ruficollis, Marsh. "

Pterostichus cupreus, L. "

— versicolor, Sturm "

— madidus, F. "

— oblongo-punctatus, F. Porlock (Blatch)

— niger, Schall. Batheaston

— vulgaris, L. "

— anthracinus, Ill. Burnham

— nigrita, F. Batheaston

— minor, Gyll. Burnham (Gillo)

— strenuus, Panz. Batheaston

— diligens, Sturm "

— picimanus, Duft. "

— inæqualis, Marsh. "

— vernalis, Gyll. "

— striola, F. "

Amara fulva, Dej. Burnham (Gillo)

— apricaria, Sturm. Batheaston

— consularis, Duft. Bath (Gillo)

— aulica, Panz. Batheaston

— rufocincta, Dej. Bath (Gillo)

— livida, F. Bath (Gillo)

— ovata, F. Batheaston

— similita, Gyll. Batheaston

— acuminata, Payk. "

— nitida, Sturm. Bath (Gillo)

— tibialis, Payk. Burnham (Gillo)

— lunicollis, Schiod. Batheaston

— familiaris, Duft. "

— lucida, Duft. Burnham (Gillo)

— trivialis, Gyll. Batheaston

— communis, Panz. Minehead

— plebeia, Gyll. Bath (Gillo)

Calathus cisteloides, Panz. Batheaston

— flavipes, Fourc. Burnham (Gillo)

— mollis, Marsh. " "

— melanocephalus, L. Batheaston

— micropterus, Duft. Minehead

— piceus, Marsh. "

Taphria nivalis, Panz. "

Pristonychus terricola, Herbst. Batheaston

Anchomenus dorsalis, Müll. "

— albipes, F. Minehead

— oblongus, Sturm. Bath (Gillo)

— parumpunctatus, F. Batheaston

— viduus, Panz. Bath (Gillo) v. mæstus, Duft. Clevedon

— scitulus, Dej. Bath (Gillo)

— fuliginosus, Panz. Batheaston

— gracilis, Gyll. Burnham

Olisthopus rotundatus, Payk. Bath (Gillo)

Tachys bistriatus, Duft. Batheaston

Bembidium rufescens, Guér. Porlock (Blatch)

— quinquestriatum, Gyll. Batheaston

— obtusum, Sturm "

— guttula, F. "

— mannerheimi, Sahl. Clevedon

— riparium, Ol. Batheaston

— doris, Panz. Weston-super-Mare (Wollaston)

— minimum, F. Weston-super-Mare (Wollaston)

— lampros, Herbst. Batheaston

— tibiale, Duft. Porlock (Blatch)

— decorum, Panz. " "

— nitidulum, Marsh. Bath (Gillo)

— quadrimaculatum, Gyll. Batheaston

— littorale, Ol. Batheaston

— pallidipenne, Ill. Burnham (Gillo)

— varium, Ol. Minehead

Tachypus flavipes, L. Batheaston

Trechus micros, Herbst. Bath (Gillo)

— minutus, F. Batheaston v. obtusus, Er. Bath (Gillo)

Pogonus chalceus, Marsh. Clevedon (Gillo)

Lebia chlorocephala, Hoff. Bath (Gillo)

Demetrias atricapillus, L. Batheaston

Dromius linearis, Ol. "

— agilis, F. "

— quadrimaculatus, L. "

— quadrinotatus, Panz. "

Blechrus maurus, Sturm "

Metabletus foveola, Gyll. "

— truncatellus, L. Burnham

Brachinus crepitans, L. Bath (Gillo)

Haliplidæ

Haliplus obliquus, F. Burnham (Gillo)

— confinis, Steph. Weston-super-Mare (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

— mucronatus, Steph. Burnham (Gillo)

— flavicollis, Sturm. Bath (Gillo)

— fulvus, F. " "

— variegatus, Sturm. Burnham (Gillo)

— cinereus, Aubé. Clevedon

— ruficollis, DeG. Glastonbury

— fluviatilis, Aubé. Burnham (Gillo)

— lineatocollis, Marsh. Clevedon

Pelobiidæ

Pelobius tardus, Herbst. Burnham

Dytiscidæ

Noterus sparsus, Marsh. Glastonbury

Laccophilus interruptus, Panz. Midford

— obscurus, Panz. Glastonbury

Hyphydrus ovatus, L. Midford

Cælambus versicolor, Schall. Midford

— inæqualis, F. Bath (Gillo)

— confluens, F. Burnham (Gillo)

Deronectes depressus, F. Bath (Gillo)

Hydroporus pictus, F. " "

— rivalis, Gyll. Porlock (Blatch)

— dorsalis, F. Burnham

Hydroporus lineatus, F. Glastonbury

— palustris, L. Bath (Gillo)

— erythro-cephalus, L. Burnham (Gillo)

— pubescens, Gyll. Bath (Gillo)

— lituratus, F. Batheaston

Agabus guttatus, Payk. Porlock (Blatch)

— biguttatus, Ol. " "

— nebulosus, Forst. Bath (Gillo)

— chalconotus, Panz. Glastonbury

— bipustulatus, L. "

Ilybius fuliginosus, F. "

— fenestratus, F. "

— ater, DeG. "

— obscurus, Marsh. Burnham

— guttiger, Gyll. Burnham (Gillo)

Colymbetes fuscus, L. Minehead

Dytiscus punctulatus, F. Burnham (Gillo)

— marginalis, L. Burnham

— circumflexus, F. Burnham (Gillo)

— dimidiatus, Berg. Glastonbury

— Hydaticus transversalis, Berg. Glastonbury

— Acilius sulcatus, L. Burnham

Gyrinidæ

Gyrinus urinator, Ill. Bath (Gillo)

— elongatus, Aubé. Clevedon

— natator, Scop. "

— marinus, Gyll. Midford

Hydrophilidæ

Hydrophilus piceus, L. Glastonbury

Hydrobius fuscipes, L. "

— oblongus, Herbst "

Anacæna limbata, F. Clevedon

Philhydrus testaceus, F. Burnham (Gillo)

— maritimus, Thoms. Glastonbury

— minutus, F. Bath (Gillo)

Cymbiodyta ovalis, Thoms. Burnham (Gillo)

Enochrus bicolor, Gyll. Midford

Laccobius sinuatus, Mots. Minehead

— alutaceus, Thoms. Burnham (Gillo)

— minutus, L. " "

— bipunctatus, F. Midford

Berosus affinis, Brull. Burnham

Helophorus rugosus, Ol. Bath (Ste., Illus.)

— aquaticus, L. Castle Cary (Macmillan)

— æneipennis, Thoms. Porlock (Blatch)

— affinis, Marsh. Dunster

— brevipalpis, Bedel. Clevedon

Octhebius marinus, Payk. Weston-super-Mare (Wollaston)

— æratus, Steph. Burnham (Gillo)

Hydræna gracilis, Germ. Porlock (Blatch)

Cyclonotum orbiculare, F. Clevedon

Sphæridium scarabæoides, F. Batheaston

— bipustulatum, F. Clevedon v. marginatum, F. Bath (Gillo)

Cercyon hæmorrhoidalis, Herbst. Batheaston

Cercyon melanocephalus, L. Batheaston

— pygmæus, Ill. Porlock (Blatch)

Staphylinidæ

Aleochara brevipennis v. fumata, Grav. Batheaston

— lanuginosa, Grav. Batheaston

Microglossa gentilis, Märk. Weston-super-Mare (Crotch)

Oxypoda hæmorrhoa, Mann. Porlock (Blatch)

— annularis, Sahl. Nettlecomb (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Ocyusa maura, Er. Batheaston

Ocalea castanea, Er. Porlock (Blatch)

Dinarda dentata, Grav. Weston-super-Mare (Crotch)

Atemeles emarginatus, Payk. Batheaston

— paradoxus, Grav. Weston-super-Mare (Crotch)

Myrmedonia cognata, Märk. Batheaston

Astilbus canaliculatus, F. "

Callicerus obscurus, Grav. Bath (Gillo)

Notothecta anceps, Er. Porlock (Blatch)

Homalota currax, Kr. " "

— pavens, Er. " "

— cambrica, Woll. " "

— eximia, Sharp " "

— silvicola, Fuss. " "

— analis, Grav. Batheaston

— exilis, Er. Porlock (Blatch)

— xanthopus, Thoms. Doniford (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

— atramentaria, Gyll. Batheaston

— sordida, Marsh. Porlock (Blatch)

— testudinea, Er. " "

— subsinuata, Er. Batheaston

— fungi v. dubia, Sharp. Porlock (Blatch)

Leptusa fumida, Er. " "

Bolitochara lucida, Grav. Nettlecomb (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

— bella, Märk. Somerset (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Myllæna elongata, Matth. Porlock (Blatch)

— gracilis, Matth. Batheaston

— brevicornis, Matth. Porlock (Blatch)

Hypocyptus longicornis, Payk. Batheaston

Tachyporus obtusus, L. "

— formosus, Matth. "

— solutus, Er. "

— pallidus, Sharp "

— chrysomelinus, L. "

— humerosus, Er. "

— hypnorum, F. "

— pusillus, Grav. "

— brunneus, F. "

Tachinus subterraneus, L. "

— rufipes, L. "

— laticollis, Grav. Bath (Gillo)

Megacronus analis, F. Clevedon

Bolitobius lunulatus, L. Batheaston

Quedius microps, Grav. Nettlecomb (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

— fulgidus, F. Batheaston

— xanthopus, Er. "

— fuliginosus, Grav. "

— tristis, Grav. "

— picipes, Mann. Clevedon

— molochinus, Grav. Batheaston

— nigriceps, Kr. Bath (Gillo)

— maurorufus, Grav. Batheaston

— umbrinus, Er. Clevedon

— scintillans, Grav. Bath (Gillo)

— auricomus, Kies. Porlock (Blatch)

— rufipes, Grav. Bath (Gillo)

— riparius, Kellner. Porlock (Blatch)

Creophilus maxillosus, L. Batheaston

Leistotrophus nebulosus, F. "

Staphylinus pubescens, DeG. Bath (Gillo)

— stercorarius, Ol. Batheaston

— cæsareus, Ceder "

Ocypus olens, Müll. "

— brunnipes, F. Minehead

— fuscatus, Grav. Bath (Gillo)

— cupreus, Rossi. Batheaston

— ater, Grav. "

— morio, Grav. "

— compressus, Marsh. "

Philonthus splendens, F. "

— intermedius, Boisd. "

— laminatus, Creutz. Clevedon

— æneus, Rossi. Bath (Gillo)

— atratus, Grav. Batheaston

— politus, F. "

— lucens, Er. Clevedon

— varius, Gyll. "

— marginatus, F. Batheaston

— cephalotes, Grav. "

— fimetarius, Grav. Bath (Gillo)

— sordidus, Grav. Batheaston

— ebeninus v. corruscus, Grav. Batheaston

— sanguinolentus, Grav. Clevedon

— cruentatus, Gmel. Batheaston

— varians, Payk. "

— ventralis, Grav. Porlock (Blatch)

— micans, Grav. Batheaston

Cafius fucicola, Curt. Clevedon (Gillo)

— xantholoma, Grav. Burnham (Gillo)

Xantholinus fulgidus, F. Batheaston

— glabratus, Grav. "

— punctulatus, Payk. Clevedon

— ochraceus, Gyll. Batheaston

— atratus, Heer. Porlock (Blatch)

— tricolor, F. Bath (Gillo)

— linearis, Ol. Batheaston

— longiventris, Heer. "

Baptolinus alternans, Grav. Clevedon

Othius fulvipennis, F. Batheaston

Lathrobium boreale, Hoch. Batheaston

— filiforme, Grav. Somerset (Ste., Illus.)

— multipunctum, Grav. Batheaston

Achenium depressum, Grav. Weston-super-Mare (Wollaston)

— humile, Nic. Batheaston

Stilicus orbiculatus, Er. Porlock (Blatch)

— rufipes, Germ. Batheaston

— similis, Er. "

— geniculatus, Er. Bath (Gillo)

Medon melanocephalus, F. Porlock (Blatch)

Sunius filiformis, Latr. Burnham

— angustatus, Payk. Batheaston

Pæderus littoralis, Grav. "

Dianous cærulescens, Gyll. Bath (Gillo)

Stenus guttula, Müll. Porlock (Blatch)

— juno, F. Batheaston

— guynemeri, Duv. Porlock (Blatch)

— speculator, Er. Clevedon

— providus, Er. Batheaston

— declaratus, Er. "

— crassus, v. littoralis, Thoms. Weston-super-Mare (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

— argus, Grav. Batheaston

— nigritulus, Gyll. "

— brunnipes, Steph. "

— subæneus, Er. "

— fuscicornis, Er. "

— flavipes, Steph. "

— pallitarsis, Steph. "

— nitiduisculus, Steph. Porlock (Blatch)

— similis, Herbst. Batheaston

— tarsalis, Ljun. "

— latifrons, Er. "

— fornicatus, Steph. Weston-super-Mare (Fowler Brit. Col.)

Platystethus arenarius, Fourc. Batheaston

Oxytelus sculptus, Grav. Minehead

— laqueatus, Marsh. Batheaston

— inustus, Grav. "

— sculpturatus, Grav. "

— complanatus, Er. Dunster

— tetracarinatus, Block. Batheaston

Ancyrophorus aureus, Fauv. Porlock (Blatch)

Lesteva pubescens, Mann. Porlock (Blatch)

— sicula, Er. " "

Omalium rivulare, Payk. Batheaston

— exiguum, Gyll. "

— punctipenne, Thoms. Porlock (Blatch)

— rufipes, Fourc. Batheaston

— vile, Er. Somerset (Ste., Illus.)

— iopterum, Steph. Batheaston

— concinnum, Marsh. Somerset (Ste., Illus.)

— striatum, Grav. Clevedon

Hapalaræa pygmæa, Gyll. Batheaston

Eusphalerum primulæ, Steph. "

Anthobium ophthalmicum, Payk. "

— torquatum, Marsh. "

Proteinus ovalis, Steph. Batheaston

— atomarius, Er. Somerset (Ste., Illus.)

Megarthrus denticollis, Beck. Bath (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

— affinis, Mill. Bath (Gillo)

— depressus, Lac. Batheaston

— hemipterus, Ill. Somerset (Ste., Illus.)

Prognatha quadricornis, Lac. Batheaston

Pselaphidæ

Bythinus bulbifer, Reich. Batheaston

Euplectus punctatus, Muls. Porlock (Blatch)

— signatus, Reich. Leigh Woods (Gorham)

Scydmænidæ

Scydmænus collaris, Müll. Batheaston

Euconnus denticornis, Müll. "

Silphidæ

Agathidium nigripenne, Kug. Batheaston

Liodes glabra, Kug. Bath (Gillo)

Anisotoma calcarata, Er. Batheaston

— furva, Er. Brent Knoll (Rye)

Hydnobius punctatissimus, Steph. Uphill (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Necrophorus humator, F. Batheaston

— mortuorum, F. Bath (Gillo)

— vestigator, Heer. Batheaston

— ruspator, Er. Bath (Gillo)

— interruptus, Steph. " "

— vespillo, L. Batheaston

Necrodes littoralis, L. Bath (Gillo)

Silpha opaca, L. Castle Cary (Macmillan)

— thoracica, L. " "

— rugosa, L. Batheaston

— lævigata, F. "

— atrata, L. "

Choleva angustata, F. "

— cisteloides, Fröhl. "

— nigricans, Spence. Bath (Gillo)

— nigrita, Er. Batheaston

— tristis, Panz. "

— chrysomeloides, Panz. "

— watsoni, Spence. Bath (Gillo)

Ptomaphagus sericeus, F. Batheaston

Colon brunneum, Latr. Portishead (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Histeridæ

Hister quadrimaculatus, L. Castle Cary (Macmillan)

— cadaverinus, Hoff. Batheaston

— bimaculatus, L. Castle Cary (Macmillan)

Carcinops minima, Aubé. Burnham (Gillo)

Abræus globosus, Hoff. Porlock (Blatch)

Onthophilus striatus, F. Bath (Gillo)

Scaphidiidæ

Scaphidium quadrimaculatum, Ol. Batheaston

Scaphisoma boleti, Panz. Nettlecomb (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Trichopterygidæ

Trichopteryx chevrolati, All. Batheaston

Nossidium pilosellum, Marsh. "

Ptenidium evanescens, Marsh. "

Orthoperus atomus, Gyll. Weston-super-Mare (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Sericoderus lateralis, Gyll. Cheddar (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Coccinellidæ

Subcoccinella 24-punctata, L. Midford

Anisosticta 19-punctata, L. Minehead

Adalia bipunctata, L. Batheaston

Anatis ocellata, L. Minehead

Coccinella 10-punctata, L. "

— 11 -punctata, L. Castle Cary (Macmillan)

— 7-punctata, L. Batheaston

Halyzia 14-guttata, L. "

— conglobata, L. "

— 22-punctata, L. "

Scymus capitatus, F. Leigh Woods (E.M.M. xxxiv. 186)

Chilocorus similis, Rossi. Minehead

Exochomus quadripustulatus, L. "

Coccidula rufa, Herbst "

Endomychidæ

Endomychus coccineus, L. Batheaston

Erotylidæ

Dacne rufifrons, F. Batheaston

Phalacridæ

Phalacrus corruscus, Payk. Minehead

— championi, Guill. "

Olibrus bicolor, F. Batheaston

Micropeplidæ

Micropeplus porcatus, Payk. Bath (Gillo)

Nitidulidæ

Brachypterus pubescens, Er. Batheaston

Epuræa æstiva, L. "

— melina, Er. "

— longula, Er. Nettlecomb (E. M. M. xxi. 96)

— florea, Er. Batheaston

Nitidula bipustulata, L "

Omosita colon, L. "

— discoidea, F. "

Meligethes rufipes, Gyll. "

— fulvipes, Bris. Clevedon

— æneus, F. Batheaston

— ovatus, Sturm. Nettlecomb (E. M. M. xxi. 266)

— picipes, Sturm. Batheaston

— obscurus, Er. Clevedon (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Ips quadriguttata, F. Porlock (Blatch)

Colydiidæ

Orthocerus muticus, L. Burnham

Cerylon histeroides, F. Batheaston

— ferrugineum, Steph. Porlock (Blatch)

Cucujudæ

Rhizophagus ferrugineus, Payk. Batheaston

— bipustulatus, F. Batheaston

Monotomidæ

Monotoma conicicollis, Aubé. Porlock (Blatch)

— formicetorum, Thoms. Porlock (Blatch)

— brevicollis, Aubé. Cheddar (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

— quadricollis, Aubé. Cheddar (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

— longicollis, Gyll. Cheddar (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Lathridiidæ

Lathridius angulatus, Humm. Batheaston

Coninomus nodifer, Westw. "

Enicmus transversus, Ol. "

Cartodere elongata, Curt. Porlock (Blatch)

Melanophthalma gibbosa, Herbst. Batheaston

— fuscula, Humm. Batheaston

Cryptophagidæ

Diphyllus lunatus, F. Batheaston

Telmatophilus caricis, Ol. Minehead

— brevicollis, Aubé. Weston-super-Mare (Crotch)

Cryptophagus scanicus, L. Batheaston

— cellaris, Scop. "

— pubescens, Sturm "

Myrmecoxenus vaporariorum, Guér. Weston-super-Mare (Crotch)

Atomaria atricapilla, Steph. Batheaston

— analis, Er. Batheaston

— ruficornis, Marsh. Weston-super-Mare (Wollaston)

Mycetophagidæ

Mycetophagus quadripustulatus, L. Batheaston

— atomarius, F. Porlock (Wood)

Byturidæ

Byturus tomentosus, F. Batheaston

Dermestidæ

Dermestes vulpinus, F. Castle Cary (Macmillan)

— murinus, L. Bristol, Somerset (Bartlett)

— lardarius, L. Castle Cary (Macmillan)

Attagenus pellio, L. Batheaston

Anthrenus varius, F. "

— claviger, Er. "

Byrrhidæ

Byrrhus pilula, L. Batheaston

— fasciatus, F. "

— dorsalis, F. "

Aspidiphorus orbiculatus, Gyll. Langport (Dale)

Parnidæ

Parnus prolifericornis, F. Porlock (Blatch)

— auriculatus, Panz. Glastonbury

Heteroceridæ

Heterocerus sericans, Kies. Weston-super-Mare (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Lucanus cervus, L. Castle Cary (Macmillan)

Dorcus parallelopipedus, L. Batheaston

Sinodendron cylindricum, L. "

Scarabæidæ

Copris lunaris, L. Bath (Gillo)

Onthophagus nutans, F. " "

— ovatus, L. " "

— cænobita, Herbst " "

— vacca, L. Brent Knoll (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

— fracticornis, Payk. Bath (Gillo)

— nuchicornis, L. Burnham (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Aphodius erraticus, L. Burnham (Gillo)

— subterraneus, L. " "

— fossor, L. Batheaston

— fœtens, F. "

— fimetarius, L. "

— scybalarius, F. Burnham (Gillo)

— ater, DeG. Batheaston

— constans, Duft. "

— granarius, L. Bath (Gillo)

— rufescens, F. " "

— porcus, F. " "

— tristis, Panz. Minehead

— pusillus, Herbst. Bath (Gillo)

— quadrimaculatus, L. Castle Cary (Macmillan)

— merdarius, F. Batheaston

— inquinatus, F. "

— sticticus, Panz. Bath (Gillo)

— punctato-sulcatus, Sturm. Batheaston

— prodromus, Brahm. "

— contaminatus, Herbst "

— obliteratus, Panz. Minehead

— luridus, F. Batheaston

— rufipes, L. "

— depressus, Kug. "

Heptaulacus sus, Herbst. Burnham (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Oxyomus porcatus, F. Bath (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Psammobius sulcicollis, Ill. Burnham (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Ægialia arenaria, F. Burnham

Geotrupes typhœus, L. Castle Cary (Macmillan)

— spiniger, Marsh. Batheaston

— stercorarius, L. Castle Cary (Macmillan)

— mutator, Marsh. Batheaston

— sylvaticus, Panz. Dunster

— vernalis, L. Minehead

Trox scaber, L. Castle Cary (Macmillan)

Hoplia philanthus, Füss. Dunster

Serica brunnea, L. Batheaston

Rhizotrogus solstitialis, L. "

Melolontha vulgaris, F. "

Phyllopertha horticola, L. Minehead

Anomala frischii, F. Burnham

Cetonia aurata, L. Batheaston

Buprestidæ

Aphanisticus pusillus, Ol. Bath (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Elateridæ

Lacon murinus, L. Batheaston

Cardiophorus thoracicus, Er. Somerset (Ste., Illus.)

Cryptohypnus riparius, F. Bath (Gillo)

Ischnodes sanguinicollis, Panz. Porlock (Wood)

Melanotus rufipes, Herbst. Batheaston

Athous niger, L. "

— longicollis, Ol. "

— hæmorrhoidalis, F. "

— vittatus, F. Somerset (Ste., Illus.)

Limonius cylindricus, Payk. Batheaston

Adrastus limbatus, F. Bath (Gillo)

Agriotes sputator, L. Batheaston

— obscurus, L. "

— sobrinus, Kies. "

— pallidulus, Ill. "

Corymbites cupreus, F. Dunkery

— metallicus, Payk. Somerset (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Dascillidæ

Dascillus cervinus, L. Dunster

Helodes minuta, L. Batheaston

— marginata, F. "

Cyphon variabilis, Thunb. Minehead

Prionocyphon serricornis, Müll. Bath (Gillo)

Malacodermidæ

Platycis minutus, F. Leigh Woods (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Lampyris noctiluca, L. Batheaston

Podabrus alpinus, Payk. Bath (Gillo)

Telephorus rusticus, Fall. Batheaston

— pellucidus, F. "

— nigricans, Müll. Minehead

— lituratus, F. Batheaston

— figuratus, Mann. Weston-super-Mare (Crotch)

— bicolor, F. Batheaston

— oralis, Germ. Langport (Dale)

— flavilabris, Fall. Batheaston

Rhagonycha unicolor, Curt. Bath (Gillo)

— fulva, Scop. Batheaston

— testacea, L. "

— limbata, Thoms. "

— pallida, F. "

Malthinus punctatus, Fourc. Batheaston

— fasciatus, Ol. "

— frontalis, Marsh. Somerset (Ste., Illus.)

Malthodes mysticus, Kies. Minehead

— minimus, L. Batheaston

Malachius bipustulatus, L. Batheaston

Tillus elongatus, L. Batheaston

Thanasimus formicarius, L. "

Necrobia ruficollis, F.Bristol, Somerset (Bartlett)
— violacea, L.
— rufipes, De G.

Corynetes cœruleus, DeG. Batheaston

Ptinidæ

Ptinus sexpunctatus, Panz. Batheaston

— fur, L. "

Niptus hololeucus, Fald. "

Hedobia imperialis, L. Bath (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Priobium castaneum, F. Bath (Gillo)

Anobium domesticum, Fourc. Castle Cary (Macmillan)

— paniceum, L. Batheaston

Xestobium tessellatum, F. Batheaston

Ochina hederæ, Müll. Bath (Gillo)

Cissidæ

Cis bidentatus, Ol. Somerset (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

— nitidus, Herbst. Nettlecomb (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Cerambycidæ

Aromia moschata, L. Burnham

Clytus arietis, L. Batheaston

— mysticus, L. "

Rhagium inquisitor, F. Porlock

— bifasciatum, F. Batheaston

Toxotus meridianus, Panz. Batheaston

Strangalia armata, Herbst. Minehead

— melanura, L. "

Grammoptera tabacicolor, DeG. Bath (Ste., Illus.)

— ruficornis, F. Batheaston

Acanthocinus ædilis, L. Bath (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Pogonochærus dentatus, Fourc. Batheaston

Lamia textor, L. Bath (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Monochammus sutor, L. Taunton (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Tetrops præusta, L. Bath (Gillo)

Bruchidæ

Bruchus cisti, F. Langport (Dale)

— rufimanus, Boh. Batheaston

— atomarius, L. "

— loti, Payk. "

Chrysomelidæ

Orsodacna cerasi, L. Leigh (Bartlett)

Donacia sparganii, Ahr. Batheaston

— limbata, Panz. Minehead

— bicolora, Zsch. Bath (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

— simplex, F. Minehead

Lema cyanella, L. Batheaston

— melanopa, L. "

Crioceris duodecem-punctata, L. Bath (Ste., Illus.)

— asparagi, L. Batheaston

Cryptocephalus aureolus, Suffr. Bath (Ste., Illus.)

— hypochæridis, L. Batheaston

— moræi, L. Bath (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

— bilineatus, L. Langport (Dale)

— pusillus, F. Batheaston

— labiatus, L. Bath (Ste., Illus.)

Timarcha tenebricosa, F. Batheaston

— violaceonigra, DeG. Minehead

Chrysomela marginalis, Duft. Batheaston

— banksi, F. Minehead

— staphylea, L. Batheaston

— polita, L. "

— orichalcia, Müll. Bath (Ste., Illus.)

— hæmoptera, L. " (Gillo)

— gœttingensis, L. Batheaston

— menthrasti, Suffr. Bath (Ste., Illus.)

Melasoma populi, L. Burnham

Gastroidea polygoni, L. Batheaston

Plagiodera versicolora, Laich. "

Phædon tumidulus, Germ. "

— armoraciæ, F. "

Phyllodecta cavifrons, Thoms. Batheaston

— vitellinæ, L. "

Hydrothassa aucta, F. "

— marginella, L. "

Prasocuris junci, Brahm. Minehead

— phellandrii, L. "

Phyllobrotica quadrimaculata, L. Bath (Ste., Illus.)

Lochmæa suturalis, Thoms. Cheddar

Galerucella viburni, Payk. Leigh (Bartlett)

Adimonia tanaceti, L. Bath (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Sermyla halensis, L. Batheaston

Longitarsus anchusæ, Payk. Batheaston

— castaneus, Duft. Midford

— luridus, Scop. Batheaston

— suturellus, Duft. "

— atricillus, L. "

— suturalis, Marsh. "

— pusillus, Gyll. "

— gracilis, Kuts. "

Haltica lythri, Aubé " "

— oleracea, L. "

— pusilla, Duft. "

Hermæophaga mercurialis, F. Batheaston

Phyllotreta atra, Payk. "

— cruciferæ, Goeze "

— undulata, Kuts. "

— nemorum, L. Minehead

Aphthona virescens, Foudr. Leigh Woods (Gorham)

Batophila ærata, Marsh. Batheaston

Sphæroderma testaceum, F. "

— cardui, Gyll. Minehead

Podagrica fuscipes, L. Weston-super-Mare (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Crepidodera transversa, Marsh. Batheaston

Crepidodera ferruginea, Scop. Minehead

— rufipes, L. Midford (Gillo)

— nitidula, L. Burnham

— helxines, L. Minehead

— aurata, Marsh. Batheaston

— smaragdina, Fourd. Minehead

Hippuriphila modeeri, L. Somerset (Ste., Illus.)

Chætocnema hortensis, Fourc. Batheaston

Plectroscelis concinna, Marsh. Minehead

Psylliodes affinis, Payk. Batheaston

— chalcomera, Ill. Bristol, Somerset (Bartlett)

— hyoscyami, L. Batheaston

Cassida viridis, F. "

— equestris, F. Bath (Ste., Illus.)

Tenebrionidæ

Blaps mucronata, Latr. Batheaston

— similis, Latr. Weston-super-Mare (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Heliopathes gibbus, F. Burnham

Opatrum sabulosum, Gyll. Uphill (Gorham)

Microzoum tibiale, F. Burnham

Phaleria cadaverina, F. " (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Scaphidema metallicum, F. Batheaston

Tenebrio molitor, L. "

Alphitobius diaperinus, Panz. "

Helops pallidus, Curt. Burnham

— striatus, Fourc. Minehead

Cistela luperus, Herbst. Leigh Woods (E.M.M. xxxiv. 186)

— murina, L. Burnham

Cteniopus sulphureus, L. Burnham

Lagriidæ

Lagria hirta, L. Batheaston

Melandryidæ

Hypulus quercinus, Quens. Leigh Woods (Gorham)

Pythidæ

Rhinosimus ruficollis, L. Somerset (Ste., Illus.)

— viridipennis, Steph. Batheaston

— planirostris, F. "

Œdemeridæ

Œdemera nobilis, Scop. Minehead

— lurida, Marsh. Batheaston

Oncomera femorata, F. "

Ischnomera cœrulea, L. "

Pyrochroidæ

Pyrochroa serraticornis, Scop. Batheaston

Mordellidæ

Mordellistena pumila, Gyll. Langport (Dale)

Anaspis frontalis, L. Batheaston

— pulicaria, Costa. Minehead

— rufilabris, Gyll. "

— geoffroyi, Müll. Batheaston

— ruficollis, F. "

Anaspis flava, L. Batheaston

— maculata, Fourc. "

Anthicidæ

Notoxus monoceros, L. Burnham (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Anthicus floralis, L. Bath (Gillo)

Meloïdæ

Meloe proscarabæus, L. Batheaston

— violaceus, Marsh. "

Anthribidæ

Brachytarsus varius, F. Brent Knoll (E. M. M. xxxiii. 106)

Platyrrhinus latirostris, F. Batheaston

Curculionidæ

Rhynchites cœruleus, DeG. Porlock (Blatch)

— æquatus, L. Minehead

— minutus, Herbst. Brockley (Bartlett)

— pauxillus, Germ. Langport (Dale)

Apion pomonæ, F. Bath (Ste., Illus.)

— ulicis, Forst. Minehead

— malvæ, F. "

— miniatum, Germ. Batheaston

— hæmatodes, Kirby. Bath (Gillo)

— pallipes, Kirby. Bath (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

— rufirostre, F. Minehead

— difforme, Germ. Batheaston

— apricans, Herbst "

— trifolii, L. "

— dichroum, Bedel "

— nigritarse, Kirby "

— stolidum, Germ. "

— æneum, F. "

— onopordi, Kirby "

— carduorum, Kirby "

— virens, Herbst "

— æthiops, Herbst "

— striatum, Kirby "

— immune, Kirby "

— ononis, Kirby "

— ervi, Kirby "

— gyllenhali, Kirby "

— unicolor, Kirby "

— meliloti, Kirby "

— livescerum, Gyll. Burnham

— seniculum, Kirby. Batheaston

— tenue, Kirby "

— simile, Kirby "

— curtisi, Walt. "

— sedi, Germ. Bath (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

— violaceum, Kirby. Batheaston

— humile, Germ. "

Otiorrhynchus tenebricosus, Herbst. Batheaston

— fuscipes, Walt. Brockley (Bartlett)

— scabrosus, Marsh. Batheaston

— ligneus, Ol. "

— picipes, F. "

— sulcatus, F. "

Otiorrhynchus rugifrons, Gyll. Burnham

Trachyphlœus scaber, L. Batheaston

— laticollis, Boh. Porlock (Blatch)

— spinimanus, Germ. Batheaston

Cænopsis waltoni, Schön. Somerset (Ste., Illus.)

Strophosomus faber, Herbst. Bath (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

— coryli, F. Leigh (Bartlett)

Exomias araneiformis, Schr. Batheaston

Sciaphilus muricatus, F. "

Liophlœus nubilus, F. "

Polydrusus micans, F. "

— tereticollis, De G. Leigh (Bartlett)

— pterygomalis, Boh. Batheaston

— chrysomela, Il. Burnham (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Phyllobius oblongus, L. Batheaston

— calcaratus, F. "

— urticæ, DeG. Bath (Ste., Illus.)

— pyri, L. Batheaston

— argentatus, L. Batheaston

— maculicornis, Germ. Batheaston

— pomonæ, Ol. "

— viridiæris, Laich. "

Philopedon geminatus, F. Burnham

Barynotus obscurus, F. Batheaston

— elevatus, Marsh. Bath (Gillo)

Alophus triguttatus, F. Midford (Gillo)

Sitones griseus, F. Burnham

— regensteinensis, Herbst. Minehead

— crinitus, Herbst. Batheaston

— tibialis, Herbst "

— hispidulus, F. "

— flavescens, Marsh. "

— puncticollis, Steph. Minehead

— lineatus, L. Batheaston

— sulcifrons, Thunb. Batheaston

Hypera punctata, F. "

— rumicis, L. Burnham

— suspiciosa, Herbst. Somerset (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

— variabilis, Herbst. Batheaston

— murina, F. Burnham

— plantaginis, DeG. Somerset (Ste., Illus.)

— nigrirostris, F. Batheaston

Cleonus sulcirostris, L. Weston-super-Mare (Ste., Illus.)

Lixus bicolor, Ol. Minehead

Larinus carlinæ, Ol. Weston-super-Mare (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Liosoma ovatulum, Clairv. Batheaston

Liparus coronatus, Goeze "

Hylobius abietis, L. Brockley (Bartlett)

Orchestes quercus, L. Batheaston

— alni, L. "

v. ferrugineus, Marsh. Somerset (Ste., Illus.)

— ilicis, F. Somerset (Ste., Illus.)

Orchestes stigma, Germ. Somerset (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

— saliceti, Payk. Somerset (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Grypidius equiseti, F. Bath (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Erirrhinus scirpi, F. Minehead

— acridulus, L. Bath (Ste., Illus.)

Thryogenes nereis, Payk. Batheaston

Dorytomus vorax, F. Porlock (Blatch)

— maculatus, Marsh. Batheaston

— pectoralis, Gyll. Somerset (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Bagous alismatis, Marsh. Bath (Ste., Illus.)

Miccotrogus picirostris, F. Batheaston

Gymnetron beccabungæ, L. Portishead (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Mecinus pyraster, Herbst. Batheaston

— circulatus, Marsh. Somerset (Ste., Illus.)

Anthonomus pedicularius, L. Batheaston

— rubi, Herbst. Batheaston

Nanophyes lythri, F. Bath (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Cionus scrophulariæ, L. Batheaston

— blattariæ, F. "

— pulchellus, Herbst. Bath (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Cryptorrhynchus lapathi, L. Somerset (Ste., Illus.)

Cœliodes quercus, F. Somerset (Ste., Illus.)

— ruber, Marsh. " "

— cardui, Herbst " "

— quadrimaculatus, L. Batheaston

Poophagus sisymbrii, F. Somerset (Ste., Illus.)

— nasturtii, Germ. Weston-super-Mare (Crotch)

Ceuthorrhynchus contractus, Marsh. Batheaston

— geographicus, Goeze. Somerset (Ste., Illus.)

Ceuthorryhnchus pollinarius, Forst. Batheaston

— trimaculatus, F. Batheaston

Ceuthorrhynchidius nigrinus, Marsh. Somerset (Ste., Illus.)

— terminatus, Herbst. Batheaston

— mixtus, Muls. Porlock (Bennet)

— troglodytes, F. Minehead

Rhinoncus gramineus, Herbst. Weston-super-Mare (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

— castor, F. Somerset (Ste., Illus.)
— bruchoides, Herbst.
Litodactylus leucogaster, Marsh.

Limnobaris T-album, L. Burnham (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Baris picicornis, Marsh. Batheaston

Magdalis carbonaria, L. Minehead

— armigera, Fourc. Leigh Woods (E.M.M. xxxiv. 186)

— barbicornis, Latr. Bath (Gillo)

Calandra granaria, L. Bristol, Somerset(Bartlett)

Cossonus ferrugineus, Clairv. Somerset (Ste., Illus.)

Stereocorynes truncorum, Germ. Bath (Gillo)

Scolytidæ

Scolytus destructor, Ol. Batheaston

Hylastes ater, Payk. "

— opacus, Er. Leigh Woods (E. M. M. xxxiv. 186)

— palliatus, Gyll. Bath (Fowler, Brit. Col.)

Hylesinus fraxini, Panz. Weston-super-Mare

Xylocleptes bispinus, Duft. Midford (Gillo)

Dryocætes villosus, F. Somerset (Ste., Illus.)

Trypodendron domesticum, L. Porlock (Blatch)

Stylopidæ

Stylops melittæ, Kirby. Batheaston

Elenchus tenuicornis, Kirby. Bruton (E. M. M. xxviii. 250)

LEPIDOPTERA

The butterflies and moths recorded from Somerset form a much greater percentage of the British species than is the case with any other order of insects, probably in consequence of their having been much more widely collected than any other order. Although there are few localities in the county where any but the most generally common species are now to be found in abundance, nevertheless a considerable number of rare and interesting insects have been recorded during the last century, some of which are still to be found in their favourite haunts, though others have not been seen for many years past.

The butterflies for instance make a fair show in the list, no less than sixty-one of the sixty-eight British species being recorded, or if we include the reputed species Parnassius apollo and Polyommatus chryseis (both of which are said to have been taken in the county) the Somerset butterflies number sixty-three. Of these about a dozen species have not been met with for many years, and some are doubtless extinct. The only British butterflies missing from the county list are Melitæa cinxia and athalia, Erebia epiphron and blandina, Cœnonympha typhon, Thecla pruni, Lycœna bœtica and Hesperia actœon. Some of these have also been reported from Somerset on somewhat doubtful authority, but rather than include in our list any species which have never been taken in the county, it has been decided to exclude, until further evidence is produced, four butterflies and dozens of moths which have been recorded as natives.

From the end of the eighteenth century to the present time there have been collectors of Lepidoptera resident in Somerset, but unfortunately very few of them have recorded their experiences. It will be seen however from our list that most of the printed records have been consulted, and that a few rare species, such as the original ' Bath-white' (Pieris daplidice) and the Large Blue (Lycœna arion), were found in the county so long ago as 1795, when Lewin published his book on British butterflies.

Somerset is the only English county in which all the six British 'Hook-tips' have been met with. The rare Drepana sicula, found only in the Leigh Woods amongst the small-leaved lime trees (Tilia parvifolia) which are there so abundant, is probably soon doomed to extinction as a native of our islands. It is found only at rest, never on the wing, and seems to be getting scarcer year by year. D. lacertula, Hub., has also become very scarce in the district, and has not been seen in its old haunts near Bristol for the last twenty years.

Thanks to a number of entomologists still, or till recently, resident in various parts of the county, we have been able to compile a fairly representative catalogue, but doubtless when some of the more remote districts of the Mendips, and the moors and marshes have been further explored, many additions will be made to the list. (fn. 4)

RHOPALOCERA

Papilio machaon, L. In the early part of the last century our only British Swallow-tail was recorded by Samouelle, in the Entomologist's Useful Compendium, to be found 'near Bristol. Between 1800 and 1815 specimens were taken in Somerset by the Rev. M. Newman at West Camel and the Rev. R. Burney at Rympton (Dale). (fn. 5) In 1856 one was taken by Mr. G. R. Crotch near Weston-super-Mare, and in the following year one was caught by Mr. Knight at Portishead. In 1862 a specimen was caught in the market place at Taunton, and was taken to Mr. Bidgood by the captor. In 1864 Dr. Terry records it as 'rare, near Bath.' One was captured in 1880 on Durdham Down near Bristol, and lastly a fine specimen was caught on June 17, 1900, on Lodge Hill near Castle Cary by Mr. Brake, as recorded by Mr. Macmillan in the Castle Cary Visitor for July, 1900. The occurrence of so many specimens of this fine butterfly so far west makes one wonder whether the species is quite so local in our country as it is generally supposed to be

[Parnassius apollo, L. In his Lepidoptera of the British Islands, i. 311, Mr. C. G. Barrett says one or two specimens of this doubtful British species were reported from near Portishead. I have been unable to ascertain any particulars as to the name of captor and date, but as Portishead is on the Bristol Channel, and ships from various foreign ports are constantly entering the docks, or passing close by on their way to Bristol, etc., it is quite possible these beautiful butterflies may have been brought from some French or Spanish port, and flown ashore at Portishead. This beautiful insect cannot therefore be claimed as a native of the county]

Aporia cratægi, L. As in other parts of England, the 'Black-veined White' has not been seen for many years. It was formerly common in many parts of the county, and has been recorded from near Bath (Terry), Clevedon (Hudd), Langport (Bidgood), Portishead, Weston-super-Mare and Worle (G. Harding)

Pieris brassicæ, rapæ and napi, L., are all abundant throughout the county

— daplidice, L. The original 'Bath White,' so named by Lewin, 'from a piece of needlework executed at Bath, by a young lady, from a specimen of this insect, said to be taken near that place' (Lewin's Insects of Great Britain, vol. i. 1795), has long disappeared. But there is still in the Bristol Museum collection a specimen which is probably the 'one captured by J. S. M. in a field near Keynsham, in 1818,' recorded by Dale as 'in the cabinet of Mr. Miller, of Bristol' (Mag. Nat. Hist. for 1831). Mr. Miller, who was curator of the Bristol Museum, was the father of the well-known artist William J. Müller

Anthocharis cardamines, L. Fairly common in lanes

Leucophasia sinapis, L. The pretty little 'Wood White' is fairly common in some woods in the Taunton district, but is very scarce in the northern part of the county. Near Bath (Terry); Clevedon, a single specimen by Mr. Braikenridge; Cothelstone Woods (Tetley); Orchard Portman Woods (Corder, Rawlinson, Tetley and Waller); Sampford Arundel (Milton) ; Stoke-sub-Hamdon; 'woods near Taunton, not uncommon in May and August, the earlier brood much the commoner' (Bidgood) ; 'woods near Taunton and on the Quantocks, local but sometimes abundant' (Woodforde) ; one at Tickenham (Braikenridge); Weston-super-Mare (Crotch)

Colias hyale, L. Rare near Bath (Terry), Bedminster (a few specimens in 1900, Hudd), Bridgwater in 1890 (Corder and Cottam), Castle Cary, Clevedon, Orchard Wood, Taunton, etc. Never common in the county and not found except in some years, generally when it is abundant further south

— edusa, Fab. Throughout the county, generally scarce, but some years abundant. Bath, Bathampton, Bristol, Bridgwater, Burnham, Castle Cary, Clevedon, Frome, Staple-Fitzpaine, Stoke-sub-Hamdon, Taunton, Wells, Weston-super-Mare. The var. helice has been recorded from Bedminster, Bridgwater (Cottam and Corder), Burnham (Col. Blathwayt and Smith), Frome (St. John), Stoke-subHamdon (Walter), Taunton, Wells and Weston-super-Mare

Gonepteryx rhamni, L. Generally distributed, but not very common

Argynnis selene, S., and euphrosyne, L., are both fairly common in some woods and on downs, especially in the Taunton district, but they have become very scarce in the northern part of the county, where they were once common

— lathonia, L. Only one specimen of 'the Queen of Spain,' has been recorded, taken near Nailsea, about 1858 (Naish)

— aglaia, L., adippe, L., and paphia, L., are all generally distributed throughout the county, and may be found most years in suitable localities. Like the other Fritillaries they are all more plentiful in the central and southern parts of the county than in the north. They are hardly ever found of late years in Leigh Woods or in other localities near Bristol. In fact only a single specimen of A. paphia has ever been recorded from Leigh Woods, so far as I am aware, a specimen caught by Mr. Prideaux in July, 1894

Melitæa artemis, Hub. Fairly common in marshy meadows near Bath, the Blackdown Hills, Clevedon, Hallatrow, Langport, Portishead, Stoke-sub-Hamdon, Taunton, Winscombe, Wells, Weston-super-Mare, etc. Very local, and much less common in most localities than formerly

Vanessa c-album, L., used to be fairly common in the northern parts of the county, and is still found near Bath, Bathampton (Ross), Clevedon (Hudd), Crowcombe, Leigh Woods, Taunton, Weston-super-Mare. It has been abundant this year (1901) in Gloucestershire, and several specimens have been seen in my garden at Clifton

— polychloros, L. Not common. Bath, Bathampton, Bridgwater, Castle Cary, Clevedon, Crowcombe, Orchard Portman, Stoke-sub-Hamdon, Taunton, Wells, Weston. Mr. Braikenridge tells me it used to be common at Clevedon fifty years ago. None have been seen there of late

— urticæ, L. Abundant among nettles everywhere

— io, L., atalanta, L., and cardui, L., are all generally distributed and fairly common

— antiopa, L., the 'Camberwell Beauty,' has several times been noticed since 1844, when James Francis Stephens saw one in Goblin Coombe near Yatton, as recorded in the Zoologist, vol. iii. A specimen was taken near Flax Bourton in 1866, one near Bridgwater by Mr. Dale (Mag. Nat. Hist. vol. v.), two near Bridgwater in 1900 (Corder), one at Chilton Polden in 1870 now in the Clifton College collection, two in Orchard Portman Woods (Bidgood), one near Chard (Dale), one near Taunton (Crotch), and two on Mendip near Wells in 1872, one of which was captured by Dr. Livett. It is also recorded by Dr. Terry as 'rare near Bath'

Limenitis sibylla, L. Only a few specimens of the 'White Admiral' have been found in the county. One was taken in Gribb Wood, Bratton Seymour, in 1893, by Mr. Swanton (Macmillan). Mr. Bidgood recorded one from Norton Fitzwarren, and Mr. Crotch one from the neighbourhood of Weston-super-Mare. One was taken on the north bank of the Avon near Clifton, and several are said to have been taken and seen at Brockley Coombe

Apatura iris, L. A few recorded from Brockley Woods in 1870 (Last), Brockley Coombe (I. W. Clarke), Clive Coombe (F. D. Wheeler), and woods near Winscombe (T. H. Ormston Pease). No records from the southern portions of the county, where it ought to be found

Arge galatea, L. Scarce at Bedminster, Brean Down and Clevedon, where it was once common. Still plentiful on the Polden Hills and other places near Bridgwater (Corder), Baltonsborough near Glastonbury, and Crowcombe on the Quantocks (St. John) ; Hatch (Tetley), Portishead, Taunton and Weston-super-Mare

Satyrus egeria, L., and megæra, L., are fairly common in most parts of the county

— semele, L., swarms on limestone hills near Bristol, Bridgwater, the Mendips, Quantocks, etc.

— janira, L., and tithonus, L., are perhaps the two most abundant butterflies in the district, being found in thousands most years

— hyperanthus, L., is common in woods, but not nearly so plentiful as the lastnamed

Cænonympha pamphilus, L., is one of the most plentiful and most generally distributed of our butterflies, and is found sometimes even in gardens in Bristol

Thecla rubi, L., and quercus, L., are common in many parts of the county, the latter being plentiful in oak woods, where the curious larvæ are sometimes to be found in abundance on the leaves round the trunks of the trees

— w-album, Knock, is not very common except near Bristol, Brockley Coombe and Weston-super-Mare, where the larvæ are sometimes abundant on wych-elms

— betulæ, L. Recorded from 'near Bath' (Terry); Neroche Forest, 1885 and 1898 (Tetley); Orchard Wood near Taunton, where some specimens were taken by Mr. Spiller in 1864 and 1865, and by Mr. Corder more recently, and from Brockley Coombe near Bristol, where one was caught in 1861 by Mr. Harvey

Polyommatus phlœas, L. Common everywhere in the district on heaths and downs. Some good varieties have been met with

— dispar, Haw. There can be no doubt, I think, that the now extinct 'Large Copper' was formerly taken in Somerset. The late Mr. Bidgood of the Taunton Museum had no doubt on the subject, as is shown in the following notes which I received from him a few weeks before his death. The specimens, or rather some remains, are still in the Taunton museum : 'A specimen (was) in an old collection made in the early part of the century and presented to the Somerset Archæological and Natural History Society, about 1860, by Mr. Woodland, who told me that it was taken at Langport. There were two or three specimens in the Queckett Museum also, but so badly decayed from damp and moth that there was no chance of saving them; only just enough to swear by' (the late Wm. Bidgood, in his MS. Catalogue of Lepidoptera occurring in the neighbourhood of Taunton)

Later Mr. Bidgood wrote: 'About the year 1864 Mr. Woodland gave me a small collection of butterflies taken near Langport early in the century; among them were two or three P. dispar, which he told me were taken by himself. In his early days he had taken care of them, but he got old and neglected them, so that when they came to me they were dilapidated. I preserved every bit I could. Among them were two or three specimens of the "Purple-edged Copper," P. chryseis, which he informed me were taken with the dispar.

'Early in the last century the late Professor Queckett and his brother (a banker at Langport) formed a museum in the "Hanging Chapel" there. This was transferred to our society about 1876–7. The collection had been much neglected, so that when I went to take possession I found everything covered with mildew, moth was playing havoc with the birds and mites with the insects. There were here also three or four dispar, which I was assured by the family were taken at Langport, and also two or three P. chryseis. This was confirmed by Mr. W. Bond Paul, who died in 1896, aged over eighty. He told me he remembered the insects well, but they were taken before his collecting days. This Mr. Paul had a long series of L. arion taken by himself at Langport; he gave a pair to the (Taunton) museum collection' (W. Bidgood in. litt., Jan., 1901)

It was reported, but I could not ascertain particulars, that a specimen of the 'Large Copper' was taken near Clevedon about 1869 or 1870. Not being able to find either the exact date or the name of the captor I did not record it in my Catalogue of the Lepidoptera of the Bristol District, but it is quite possible, I think, that it was found there. The late Mr. G. R. Crotch recorded a specimen from near Weston-super-Mare in 1856 : 'C. dispar fell ignobly, slain by the hat of a friend, who kindly made the spoil over to me in utter ignorance of its rarity' (Intelligencer, ii. 165 ; iv. 21)

[Polyommatus hippothoe, L. (chryseis, Hub.), seems formerly to have been occasionally taken in England. Lewin in his British Butterflies (1795) says (p. 86) : 'I once met with two of these butterflies settled on a bank in the marshes in the month of August.' Mr. Bidgood informed me there were remains of two or three specimens in an old collection presented to the Taunton Museum, which he understood had been taken in the marshes near Langport, early in the nineteenth century, by Mr. Woodland. Specimens were also in the Queckett collection from the same locality]

Lycæna argiades, Pallas. Two specimens were taken by Dr. Marsh near Frome in 1874, the first captured British specimens of this pretty little 'tailed blue. Two were taken in Dorset by the Rev. O. Pickard-Cambridge in 1885. (See Barrett's Lepidoptera of the British Islands, i. 69)

Lycæna ægon, Schiff., is very local and uncommon in the county except near Bridgwater, where it has been taken freely by Mr. Cottam and Mr. Corder. It has been reported from near Bath, Clevedon, Sidcot (Corder), Taunton (Bidgood) and Weston-super-Mare

— agestis, Hub., seems to be generally distributed and common on limestone hills and downs

— icarus (alexis), Hub., is common everywhere. In hot summers a third brood occurs, very much smaller than the earlier form

— adonis, Fab. Very scarce in the county, the only records being from the neighbourhood of Bath, where it was found by Dr. Terry and by Mr. Greer ; one specimen from the Polden Hills near Bridgwater by Mr. Corder, Pickeridge near Taunton by Mr. Bidgood, Radstock by Dr. Livett, and Stoke-subHamdon by Dr. Walter

— corydon, Fab. Common on hills near Bath, Bridgwater, Frome, Taunton, Wells, Weston, Brean Down, the Mendips, etc. Scarce near Bristol, Clevedon, etc.

— argiolus, L., is abundant throughout the county amongst holly bushes, and unlike most butterflies seems to be commoner near Bristol than it used to be

— acis, Fab. Recorded by Lewin : 'The last week in August, 1763, I took two or three, flying in a pasture field at the bottom of a hill near Bath' (Insects of Great Britain, p. 80). Near Bath (Crotch); a specimen from Leigh Down near Bristol was caught about 1867, and was in the collection of Mr. W. H. Grigg of Bristol

— alsus, Fab., is widely distributed, but very local, being found in some localities only in the corner of a field, or a space of a few dozen yards on a hillside. It is reported from Brockley, Bath, Clevedon, Crowcombe, Portishead, Sidcot (Corder), Taunton, Wells, Weston, Wookey, etc.

Lycæna arion, L. This fine butterfly was formerly taken in several places in the county, but has not been met with of late years. Lewin recorded it from 'hills near Bath on the wing the middle of July' (1795). In the early part of the last century Mr. W. Bond Paul used to take arion freely near Langport, and some specimens were presented by him to the Taunton Museum. Mr. Crotch met with some near Weston-super-Mare. So far as I know none have been taken in the county for the last forty years

Nemeobius lucina, L. Local, but common in a few localities: near Bath (Terry), Bridgwater (Cottam), Neroche Hill and Orchard Portman near Taunton (Tetley and others), Stoke-sub-Hamdon (Walter), Warleigh Wood near Bath (Braikenridge)

Syrichthus alveolus, Hub., Thanaos tages, L., and Hesperia sylvanus, Esp., are all fairly common on downs and clearings in woods throughout the county

Hesperia comma, L., is scarce and local. Near Brockley (Last), Bath (Terry), Clevedon and Weston-super-Mare (Rev. H. Tanner)

— linea, Fab. Common in some places, but local. Bath, Bathampton, Crowcombe, Clevedon, Loxley Wood near Bridgwater, Leigh Woods (Prideaux), Taunton, Wells, Weston

— lineola, Ochs. A specimen in the Taunton Museum collection was said to have been taken in the neighbourhood by the late Mr. Rawlinson of that town (Bidgood) (see Barrett, Lepidoptera of the British Islands, vol. i.)

Cyclopædes palæmon, Pall. (paniscus, Fab.). The late Mr. Bidgood, who included this very local butterfly in his MS. list of Lepidoptera taken near Taunton, wrote me a few weeks before he died : 'The paniscus record is all right,' but he did not give details. Dr. Terry reported it as 'rare near Bath,' but I feel some hesitation in accepting it as a Somerset species without further evidence. A single specimen has been recorded from Gloucestershire

HETEROCERA NOCTURNI SPHINGES

Smerinthus ocellatus, L., populi, L., and tiliæ, L., are all fairly common and generally distributed

Acherontia atropos, L., and Sphinx convolvuli, L., are found in most parts of the county, and are sometimes almost common. With the preceding species and other 'Hawk Moths' they have been taken at 'light,' especially at the electric lights in Taunton (Tetley)

Sphinx ligustri, L. Common everywhere

— pinastri. In 1863 a specimen was taken by Miss Bicknell at Hinton St. George, at rest on a tree-trunk, and is in the collection of the Institute at Crewkerne (Spiller, Ent. vi. 104; Barrett, Insects of the British Islands, ii. 29)

[Deilephila euphorbiæ, L. Reported from near Taunton by Mr. Rawlinson (Zoologist, xv.). Probably a mistake]

— galii, Schiff. Bridgwater (Dale, Newman and others), Langport (Macmillan and Newman), Clevedon (Braikenridge), Stoke-sub-Hamdon (Walter), Taunton (one 1868, Woodforde ; several at electric light, Tetley), Weston-super-Mare (Crotch, Clark and Rawlinson)

— lineata, Esp. One taken at Clevedon is in the collection of Mr. Braikenridge ; a specimen was taken in 1888 at electric light at Taunton by Mr. Tetley ; and one was captured by Mr. Aldridge flying over flowers at Weston-super-Mare (Ent. v. 169)

Chærocampa celerio, L. Two specimens were taken in October, 1886, by Mr. Mason, flying over flowers in the garden at Clevedon Court. One was caught at 'light' at Taunton by Mr. Buckland, and two others from the same locality were seen by Mr. Bidgood. A fine specimen was caught in September, 1869, by a lady in her drawing-room at Weston-super-Mare (Mathew), and two were recorded from the county in 1884 (St. John)

— porcellus, L. Near Bath, Brislington, Brent Knoll, Cheddar, Clevedon, Sidcot, Taunton, Weston-super-Mare. Not common

— elpenor, L. Bath, Bathampton, Brislington, Bridgwater, Clevedon (sometimes common, Mason), near Frome, Stoke-sub-Hamdon, Taunton, Wellington (Milton), Weston-super-Mare

Macroglossa stellatarum, L. Generally distributed and sometimes abundant

— fuciformis, L. Scarce near Bath (Terry), Leigh Woods, Portbury Woods, over flowers of rhododendron

— bombyliformis, Esp. Rare near Bath (Terry); one at Bratton Seymour (Macmillan), Stoke-sub-Hamdon (Walter)

Trochilium bembeciformis, Hub. Taken by Mr. Jefferys and Mr. Mason at Clevedon, by the Rev. E. Hallett Todd at Evercreech, and by Mr. Macmillan at Castle Cary

Sesia myopæformis, Bork. Scarce in old orchards near Bristol, Bedminster (Barton), Brislington (Grigg) and near Bath (Terry)

— culiciformis, L. Recorded only from Bedminster, where a single specimen was taken by Mr. Ficklin, and from Stoke-sub-Hamdon by Dr. Walter

— formicæformis, Esp. Near Bath (Dr. Terry), and a single specimen on the Somerset bank of the New Cut, Bristol, by Mr. S. Barton

— ichneumoniformis, W. V. Scarce near Bath (Terry), Leigh Down, Bristol (Vaughan) and Weston-super-Mare (Crotch)

— cynipiformis, Och. A few specimens were caught in Leigh Woods by Dr. F. D. Wheeler many years ago. No further records in the county

— tipuliformis, C. Common in some gardens amongst old and neglected currant bushes

Procris (Ino) statices, L., and geryon, Hub., are both reported from various parts of the county, the latter being sometimes plentiful on downs and hillsides, though it seems to have disappeared from some of its old localities. Formerly it was common on slopes by the sea at Clevedon, but Mr. Mason says it is not now found there. P. statices is recorded from near Bath, Brockley (Hudd), Clevedon (one locality only, Mason), near Taunton (Bidgood), Stokesub-Hamdon, Weston-super-Mare, etc. There seems to be some confusion between these two species, and I expect several of those recorded as statices are really geryon

Zygæna trifolii, Esp., and loniceræ, Esp., the two 'Five-spotted Burnets,' are also frequently confused in collections, but both species are found in the county, the former near Bath, Bathampton (Ross), Penselwood (Macmillan), Portishead, Stoke, Taunton and Weston; the latter, perhaps more scarce and local, near Clevedon (Mason), Orchard Portman, near Taunton (Tetley), Portishead (Harding), and Weston-super-Mare

— filipendulæ, L., is generally common, and some good varieties have been met with

BOMBYCES

Sarrothripa revayana, Tr. (undulana, Hub.), may be taken as a fair example of the divergence of opinion among entomologists on the subject of the classification of Lepidoptera. In his Manual (1859), Stainton gave it a place at the commencement of the Tortrices; South, in The Entomologist List (1884), gives it as the first of the Bombyces, immediately following the 'Burnets'; Meyrick (in 1896) places it between Nola and Halias, in the Arctiadæ; and Barrett, in his Lepidoptera of the British Islands (1900), among the Noctuæ, next to Gonoptera libatrix, L. When authorities differ so considerably, what is a poor student to do? The moth is not common, but has been reported from near Bristol, Bridgwater, Clevedon, Leigh Woods, Portishead and Weston-super-Mare

Earias chlorana, L. A local species, recorded only from Ashcot, near Wells by Mr. Harding, Bridgwater by Mr. Corder, Walton Moor near Clevedon by Mr. Mason, and Bath by Dr. Terry

Halias prasinana, L., is fairly common in oak woods

— quercana, Sch. (bicolorana, Fues.), has been taken near Bath, near Bridgwater by Mr. Corder, and bred from larvæ taken in Leigh Woods by Mr. George Harding

Nola cucullatella, L., is fairly common near Bath, Bridgwater, Bristol, Burnham, Clevedon, Glastonbury, Minehead, Taunton, Weston, etc.

— strigula, Schiff., is very local and scarce, but has been met with by Dr. Terry near Bath, by Mr. Mason at Clevedon, by Mr. Duck at Portishead, by Mr. Bidgood near Taunton, and by Mr. E. Wheeler at Walton

— confusalis, H. S., is recorded from Castle Cary, Crowcombe and the Quantock Hills, Taunton (Bidgood) and Weston-super-Mare (Crotch and W. H. Grigg)

Nudaria senex, Hub., was taken by Mr. Ross at Bathampton (one specimen only), on Walton Moor near Clevedon by Mr. Mason, and at Stoke by Dr. Walter

— mundana, L., is common on old walls on downs, etc., near Bristol, Brislington, Bath, Brockley, Clevedon, Taunton, etc.

Setina irrorella, Cl., is very local, and has only been recorded from near Bath by Dr. Terry and Brockley Coombe by Mr. Harding and Mr. Mason

Calligenia miniata, For., is generally distributed throughout the county, but not common. Near Bath, Bridgwater, Clevedon, Leigh Woods, N. Petherton (Corder), Minehead (Hudd), Stoke, Taunton, Wells, Weston. It sometimes comes to 'light'

Lithosia mesomella, L. Near Bath, Bridgwater (turf moor, Corder), Stoke-subHamdon. Scarce

— griseola, Hub. Not scarce in damp mea dows near Bath, Bristol, Bridgwater, Castle Cary, Clevedon, Radstock (Livett), Portishead, Taunton. The pale variety (stramineola, Dbd.) occurs with the type, but is rare

Lithosia lurideola, Z., is common and generally distributed

— complana, L., is found in marshy places near Bristol, Clevedon, Bridgwater (Sanders), Taunton, Whatley near Frome and Weston-super-Mare

— rubricollis, L., is local, but sometimes abundant in woods near Taunton (Tetley), and has been reported from near Bristol, Brockley, Clevedon and Weston-super-Mare. It flies high in the daytime, near the tree-tops

Gnophria quadra, L. Scarce at 'light.' Near Bath (Terry and Greer), Wells (two specimens by Dr. Livett) and Yeovil (one by Mr. Parmiter)

Emydia cribrum, L. Recorded only by Mr. Macmillan: 'Local, but not scarce near Castle Cary, 1900'

Deiopeia pulchella, L. The only Somerset specimen known of this beautiful insect is the one recorded by Stevens in 1847, in the Transactions of the Entomological Society of London, vol. i.

Euchelia jacobææ, L., is abundant everywhere amongst ragwort

Callimorpha dominula, L., has been reported only by Dr. Terry from near Bath and Dr. Walter at Stoke-sub-Hamdon. It is found occasionally in the Bristol district on the Gloucestershire side of the Avon and in several other localities in that county

Nemeophila russula, L. A local species, but sometimes common on heathy places round Bath (Terry), Bridgwater (Cottam), Stoke (Walter), on the Quantocks (Corder), Crowcombe (St. John), Taunton (Woodforde), Milton Hill near Wells (Westcott) and Weston-super-Mare (Crotch)

— plantaginis, L. Heaths and woods near Bath, Bridgwater (Cottam), Holford on the Quantocks (Corder), Stoke (Walter), Taunton (Bidgood) and Weston

Arctia caja, L., is common in many parts, but seems to have become scarce in the neighbourhood of Bristol. The 'Woolly-bear' is certainly not a garden pest in north Somerset

— villica, L., is occasionally met with in woods and lanes near Bath, Bridgwater, Brislington, Clevedon, Crowcombe, Stoke, Taunton, Wellington, Weston and Yeovil. Some have been taken at 'light'

Spilosoma fuliginosa, L., is scarce and local near Bath, Bathampton, Burnham (Corder), Backwell (Prideaux), Clevedon, Crowcombe, Leigh Woods, Quantocks, Taunton, Weston

— mendica, O., and lubricepeda, Esp., are both generally distributed, and the lastnamed is often too abundant in gardens in the larval state

— menthastri, Esp., is common, but S. urticæ is very rare, only three specimens being recorded, one near Bath by Mr. Greer, one on a gas lamp at Taunton railway station by Mr. Bidgood, and another near Taunton by Mr. Rawlinson

Hepialus humuli, L., is common over mowing grass throughout the district

— sylvinus, L., is local and not common, near Bath, Bristol, Brislington, Bridgwater, Castle Cary, Clevedon, Leigh, Sampford Arundel, Taunton, Weston

— velleda, Hub. Scarce near Bath (Terry), common on hills near Minehead (Hudd), Frome (St. John), Danesborough Hill and the Quantocks (Corder), near Bridgwater (Cottam)

— lupulinus, L. Generally distributed and common

— hectus, L. Widely distributed, but local. In woods near Bath, Bristol, Castle Cary, Clevedon, Frome, Quantocks, Stoke, Taunton, Weston, etc.

Cossus ligniperda, Fab. The well-known 'Goat Moth' and its destructive larvæ are sufficiently common throughout the county

Zeuzera æsculi, L., the 'Wood Leopard,' is sometimes met with, but is scarce and local. Near Bath, Bathampton, Bridgwater, Bristol, Castle Cary, Stoke, Taunton and Wells

Liparis chrysorrhœa, L. Scarce and local, near Bath, Castle Cary, and at 'light' at Taunton (Tetley) and Weston-super-Mare

— auriflua, Fab. (similis, Fues.). Abundant everywhere

Leucoma salicis, L. Rare at Bath (Terry), near Bath (Greer), Bathampton (Ross), Leigh Woods (1869, by the Rev. Joseph Greene), Wells (Dr. Livett)

Psilura monacha, L. Scarce near Bath, Castle Cary, Frome, Stoke, Weston-super-Mare (Grigg)

Dasychira pudibunda, L. Generally distributed and sometimes common

Orgyia antiqua, L. Abundant everywhere in gardens

Trichiura cratægi, L. Not common. Ashbrittle (Milton), Bath, Bridgwater, Clevedon, Glastonbury, Leigh Woods, Orchard Portman, Taunton, Yeovil

Pœcilocampa populi, L. Generally distributed and common

Eriogaster lanestris, L. Sometimes very common in the larval state

Bombyx neustria, L., B. quercus, L., B. rubi, L., and Odonestis potatoria, L., are generally distributed and common

Lasiocampa quercifolia, L. Scarce and local near Bath, Bridgwater—larvæ on turf moor (Corder), Bathampton (Ross), Castle Cary, Clevedon, Glastonbury, Shapwick, Radstock (Livett), Stoke, Taunton, Wellington (Milton)

Endromis versicolor, L. Recorded only from near Bath by Dr. Terry and Leigh Woods near Bristol by Mr. P. H. Vaughan. It has not been seen for many years in either locality

Saturnia pavonia, L. Hills near Bath, Bridgwater, Brockley, Frome, Quantock Hills, Stoke, Taunton, Wellington, Weston. Larvæ sometimes common

DREPANULIDÆ

Drepana lacertula, H. Mr. Harding used to take this species among birch trees at Leigh, but it has not been noticed there of late. A few specimens have been caught by Mr. Corder on the turf moor near Bridgwater, and by the Rev. A. P. Waller at Shapwick

— sicula, W. V. The first British specimen of this still rare species was captured in Leigh Woods in May, 1837; a second was taken in June, 1856, by Mr. H. Bolt ; and a third the same year by Mr. P. H. Vaughan. Five years then passed without any more captures, but in June, 1861, several specimens were taken by Messrs. G. Harding and C. Butler. Though every year the Leigh Woods were explored by several local collectors, no more D. sicula were seen till 1874, when Mr. W. H. Grigg captured three specimens and I met with one. Since 1874 a few specimens have rewarded the exertions of local entomologists most seasons. Mr. Grigg twice obtained eggs from captured moths, but Mr. Buckler, to whom they were sent, failed to rear the species, the larvæ dying while quite small. In September, 1875, Mr. Thomas beat a larva at Leigh, which was forwarded to and figured by Mr. Buckler, and produced an imago on June 12, 1876 (see 'Natural History of Drepana sicula,' E. M. M. xiv. 1–4, by W. Buckler). Many points in the life history of this interesting moth have still to be cleared up, among others the time of flight of the imago. Most of the specimens captured have been found at rest on low plants, the earliest and latest dates being May (end), 1837, and July 10, 1875. D. sicula does not appear to have been observed in England outside of Somerset. Some years ago I detected a slight difference between our form and those from the continent, which appears to be constant

Drepana falcula, Schiff. In woods near Bath, Bathampton, Bridgwater, Clevedon, Leigh, Shapwick, Stoke-sub-Hamdon and Wells. Not common

— hamula, Esp. Fairly common in oak woods throughout the county

— unguicula, Hub. Local and not often common, near Bath, Brislington, Bridgwater, Brockley, Clevedon and Weston-super-Mare

Cilix spinula, Sch. (glaucata, Scop.). Fairly common everywhere

PSEUDO-BOMBYCES

Dicranura furcula, L. Generally distributed but not common. Ashton and Brislington (Ficklin), Bath, Bathampton, Bridgwater, Minehead (Hudd), Quantocks, Shapwick, Taunton, Weston-super-Mare

— bifida, Hub. Bath, Bathampton, Clevedon, Leigh Woods. Mostly found in the larval state

— vinula, L. Fairly common everywhere

Stauropus fagi, L. Scarce and local. A fine specimen was found at rest in Brockley Woods by Mr. Jefferys in 1886. One was taken at Taunton in 1860 by Mr. Woodforde, and one of the curious 'lobster' larvæ was found by Mr. Ficklin in the Leigh Woods in August, 1877

Ptilophora plumigera, Esp. A single specimen is recorded from Yeovil by Mr. Parmiter

Pterostoma palpina, L. Bath, Bathampton, Bedminster, Bridgwater, Clevedon, Minehead, Wells, Weston, Yeovil. Not common

Lophopteryx camelina, L. Throughout the district, but not very common

— cucullina, Hub. One specimen was bred from a larva taken by Mr. Ficklin near Bristol, probably in the Leigh Woods in 1876

Notodonta dictæa, L. Not scarce near Bath, Crowcombe, Clevedon, Leigh Woods, Taunton, Weston

— dictæoides, Esp. Clevedon, Leigh Woods, Weston-super-Mare. Larvæ sometimes common at Leigh, but not easy to rear

— dromedarius, L. Scarce and local. The turf moor near Bridgwater (Corder), Clevedon (Mason), Evercreech (Todd), Leigh Woods (Vaughan), Sampford Arundel (Milton)

— ziczac, L. Bath (Greer), Bridgwater, Brendon, Clevedon, Leigh Woods, Shapwick, Stoke, Taunton, Wells. Several have been taken at light in the Taunton district, and the larvæ are sometimes common

— trepida, Esp. Recorded by the Rev. S. St. John from Baltonsborough near Glastonbury; from the Leigh Woods, Bristol, by Mr. Griffiths; and from near Taunton (pupæ taken by Mr. Crotch)

— chaonia, Hub. Scarce near Bath (Terry), Brockley (Sergeant, 1887), Cleeve Coombe (R. M. Prideaux, 1890), Leigh Woods (Vaughan and Bartlett), Taunton (Woodforde), Weston (Smallwood)

— dodonea, Hub. Recorded only by the Rev. E. Hallett Todd, who found some pupæ near Evercreech

Phalera bucephala, L. Abundant everywhere

Clostera curtula, L. Recorded only by Dr. Terry 'near Bath, rare, in May,' and Dr. Walter from Stoke-sub-Hamdon

— reclusa, Fab. (pigra, Hufn), is reported only by Dr. Walter from Stoke. Both these 'Chocolate Tips' used to be found near Bristol, but have not been met with of late years

Thyatira derasa, L., and T. batis, L. Both these beautiful species are found throughout the county, and are sometimes common at 'sugar' and flowers

Cymatophora ocularis, Gn. Scarce at 'light' and 'sugar.' Near Taunton (Tetley and others) and on the Quantocks (St. John)

— or, Fab. Scarce at 'sugar,' etc. Near Bristol, Portishead, Stoke, Taunton and Orchard Portman

— duplaris, L. Near Bath, Bristol, Clevedon, Castle Cary, Leigh, Portishead, Stoke, Taunton, Wells, Weston, etc. Not common

Asphalia diluta, Fab. Scarce in Leigh Woods, Bristol (Hudd), Clevedon, Portishead, Stoke, Taunton and Weston-super-Mare

Asphalia flavicornis, L. In birch woods. Not common near Bristol, Clevedon, Leigh Woods, Stoke, Taunton

— ridens, Fab. Brislington (Sircom), Brockley (Hudd), Clevedon (Mason), Leigh Woods (Grigg), Stoke-sub-Hamdon

NOCTUÆ

Byrophila glandifera, Hub. (muralis, Fors.). On old walls near Bath, Bathampton, Bridgwater, Castle Cary, Clevedon, Stoke, Taunton, Wells, Weston-super-Mare

— perla, F. Common everywhere

Demas coryli, L. Ashbrittle (Milton), Bath, Brockley, Crowcombe, Bridgwater, Leigh Woods, Taunton, Portishead. Not common

Acronycta tridens, Schiff. Near Bath (Greer), Bristol, Bridgwater, Clevedon, Stoke, Wells, Weston-super-Mare (Smallwood). Scarce

— psi, L. Common everywhere

— leporina, L. Near Bath (Greer), Bathampton (Ross), Bedminster, Bridgwater, Castle Cary, Clevedon, Godney near Glastonbury (Corder), Leigh Woods (Griffiths), Stoke, Taunton, Wells, Witham Friary (Todd). Not common

— aceris, L. Scarce and local. Near Bath (Greer), Clevedon (Jefferys), Evercreech (Todd), and Weston-super-Mare

— megacephala, F. Near Bath (Terry), Bridgwater, Clevedon, Evercreech, Stoke, Taunton, Wells, Weston-super-Mare, etc. Sometimes common at 'sugar'

— alni, L. Very scarce in the county. A few specimens only recorded from Bathampton (Ross), Clevedon (Mason and Sargeant), Leigh Woods (Greene), Portishead (Duck), Taunton (Buckland), Wells (Livett), and Weston (Smallwood). Larvæ on rose, alder, elm, hawthorn, etc.

— ligustri, F. Scarce and local. Bathampton, Brislington (Ficklin), Bridgwater, Clevedon, Evercreech, Leigh, Orchard Portman, Portishead, Weston

— rumicis, L. Common everywhere

Diloba cæruleocephala, L. Common everywhere

Leucania conigera, F. Generally distributed and not scarce; at flowers, etc.

— lithargyrea, Esp. Common everywhere

— littoralis, Curt. Recorded only from the coast of the Bristol Channel by Mr. Crotch many years ago, and by Mr. George Harding in 1897

— comma, L., impura, Hub., and pallens, L., are all generally distributed and sometimes common

Leucania straminea, Tr., is found in marshy places near Bridgwater, Clevedon, Glastonbury, Wells and Weston-super-Mare, but is rare

Cœnobia rufa, Haw. (despecta, Tr.)., is very scarce in the county. A specimen was taken by Mr. Grigg at Brislington, and Mr. Mason has recorded a few from Walton Moor near Clevedon

Tapinostola fulva, Hub. Scarce near Bath, Bridgwater, Bristol, Clevedon, Quantocks, Shapwick, Sedgemoor, Weston-super-Mare

Nonagria typhæ, Esp. (arundinis, F.). Throughout the county where bulrushes grow; especially common in the Sedgemoor district

— geminipuncta, Hatch. Marshy places near Clevedon, Nailsea, Stoke-sub-Hamdon and Weston-super-Mare. Larvæ sometimes common

Calamia lutosa, Hub. Near Bridgwater, Bristol, Clevedon, Stoke-sub-Hamdon and Weston-super-Mare. The moths may be found at rest on stems of reed, and are sometimes abundant

Gortyna ochracea, Hub. Near Bath, Bicknoller, Bridgwater, Castle Cary, Clevedon, Evercreech and Weston. Sometimes common

Hydræcia nictitans, B. Generally distributed and sometimes abundant at ragwort blossom and other flowers

— petasitis, D. Recorded only from Taunton, where a single specimen has been taken (Barrett, Insects of British Islands, v. 72)

— micacea, Esp. Bath, Bridgwater, Brislington, Bristol, Castle Cary, Clevedon, Evercreech, Taunton, Weston. Not common

Axylia putris, L., Xylophasia rurea, F., X. lithoxylea, F., and X. monoglypha, Huf. (polyodon, L.), are all generally common. X. sublustris, Esp., and X. hepatica, L., are rather more local, and X. scolopacina, Esp., is still more so, only having been taken near Clevedon, Wells and Weston-super-Mare

Dipterygia pinastri, L., used to be found by Mr. Crotch at Weston, and has been reported from Stoke-sub-Hamdon

Xylomiges conspicillaris, L., is occasionally found at light near Taunton, where several pupæ have been dug at roots of elms. Dr. Walter reports it from Stoke

Neuria reticulata, V., has been found near Bath, Brislington, Castle Cary, Clevedon and on the Quantocks

Neuronia popularis, Fab., is generally distributed and common

Heliophobus hispidus, Hub. Scarce and local, only reported from the Quantocks by Mr. St. John, and from Stoke by Dr. Walter. (The specimen taken by myself on Clifton Down in 1866 is the only Gloucestershire record)

Charæas graminis, L. Near Bath, Bristol, Brockley, Clevedon, Quantocks, Stoke, Weston-super-Mare

Pachetra leucophæa, V. The earliest recorded British specimens were said to have been taken near Bristol in the year 1816. One of these is now in the fine collection of Dr. P. B. Mason, of Burton-on-Trent. I have been unable to ascertain the exact locality of these captures, but in Rennie's Conspectus, p. 69, published in 1832, 'Somerset' is given as the only county for the species. None have been found in the west of England of late years

Cerigo matura, Huf. (cytherea, F.) Local and not common. Near Bath, Bristol, Clevedon and Taunton

Luperina testacea, Hub. Common everywhere

— cespitis, F. A single specimen was taken on Leigh Down near Bristol by Mr. Grigg in 1879, and Mr. Mason has met with a few at Clevedon

Mamestra abjecta, Hub., is found on the coast near Weston-super-Mare amongst Poa maritima, and M. albicolon, Hub., was taken in the same locality by Mr. Crotch and Mr. Knight; M. anceps, Hub., is generally distributed, but not common; M. furva, Hub., has been met with near Bath, Clevedon, Glastonbury, Stoke and Weston; M. brassicæ, L., is too abundant everywhere, and M. persicariæ, L., is reported from Bath, Clevedon, the Quantocks, Stoke, Taunton and Weston, but not from the neighbourhood of Bristol

Apamea basilinea, Fab., A. gemina, Hub., and A. oculea, Gn., are common in most parts of the county; A. unanimis, Tr., is reported from near Bath, Bristol, Castle Cary, Clevedon, Stoke and Weston, and is sometimes common at 'sugar'; A. fibrosa, Hub., is reported from Stoke by Dr. Walter, and a single specimen was taken on the turf moor near Bridgwater by Mr. Corder

Miana strigilis, Cl., M. fasciuncula, Haw., M. furuncula, Vill., and M. arcuosa, Haw., are common nearly everywhere, and M. literosa, Haw., has been taken in many places in the county

Grammesia trilinea, B., and its variety bilinea, Caradrina morpheus, Huf., C. alsines, B., C. blanda, Tr., C. cubicularis, Bork., Rusina tenebrosa, Hub., and Agrotis puta, Hub., seem to be generally distributed, as also are A. suffusa, Hub., A. saucia, Hub., A. segetum, S., A. exclammationis, L., A. corticea, Hub., A. nigricans, L., and A. tritici, L. A. valligera, Hub., is reported only from near Bath, Stoke and Weston-super-Mare, a few specimens only; A. cinerea, Hub., from Bath, Clevedon and Weston; A. ripæ, Hub., formerly taken on the sands at Weston by Mr. Crotch, has recently been found there again by Mr. Harding; A. aquilina, Hub., is scarce near Clevedon and Weston; A. porphyrea, Hub., used to be common on heaths near Bristol, and is also found near Bath, Bridgwater, Clevedon, Evercreech and on the Quantocks; A. agathina, Dup., is recorded only by Mr. Corder, 'larvæ taken on the Quantocks' near Bridgwater, and A. ravida, Hub., (obscura, Br.), by Mr. St. John from Baltonsborough near Glastonbury

Noctua glareosa, Esp., is reported only from near Bristol, Clevedon, Castle Cary and the Quantocks; N. augur, F., from the same localities, and also Bath, Bridgwater, Taunton and Wells; N. rhomboidea, Tr., from Bristol (Stainton), Orchard Portman (at 'sugar,' Woodforde), and Taunton (one specimen, Woodforde); N. plecta, L., N. c-nigrum, L., N. triangulum, H., N. brunnea, F., N. festiva, Hub., N. rubi, V., N. umbrosa, Hub., N. baja, Fab., and N. xanthographa, Fab., are generally distributed and often abundant; N. dahlii, Hub., is recorded from near Bristol in Stainton's Manual, but I have been unable to find out his authority or the exact locality; N. neglecta, Hub. (castanea, Esp.), has been taken at Whatley near Frome by Mr. St. John, and at Weston by Mr. Crotch

Triphæna janthina, Esp., T. fimbria, L., and T. interjecta, Hub., are generally distributed; T. orbona, F., and T. pronuba, L., are abundant everywhere, and T. subsequa, Hub., is scarce and has been reported only by Mr. St. John from near Frome, and Mr. Macmillan from Castle Cary

Amphipyra pyramidea, L., A. tragopogonis, L., Mania typica, L., and M. maura, L., are common everywhere

Panolis piniperda, Panz., is plentiful in fir woods near Bristol, Brockley, Clevedon, Portishead and Weston

Tæniocampa gothica, L., T. instabilis, T. rubricosa, Fab., T. stabilis, V., T. gracilis, Fab., T. munda, Esp., and T. cruda, Tr., are all frequent visitors at sallow-bloom, and abundant as larvæ; T. leucographa, Hub., is scarce at Orchard Portman, Taunton (Woodforde), and Weston (Crotch); T. opima, Hub. A few specimens from Evercreech (Todd), Leigh Woods near Bristol, Orchard Portman and Taunton; T. populeti, Fab. Bathampton (Ross), Taunton (Woodforde), and Weston (Crotch)

Orthosia upsilon, Bork., is occasionally found near Bath, Bristol, Bridgwater and Evercreech; O. lota, C., O. macilenta, Hub., Anchocelis rufina, L., A. pisticina, Fab., A. lunosa, Haw., A. litura, L., Cerastis vaccinii, L., C. spadicea, Hub., and S. satellitia, L., are all more or less common at ivy and 'sugar' throughout the county

Cerastis erythrocephala, F., has been taken at Wells by Dr. Livett, and at Weston by Mr. Crotch, and Dasycampa rubiginea, Fab., in the same places, and also near Bristol, Bridgwater, Clevedon, Crowcombe, Glastonbury and Taunton

Hoporina croceago, F., is very scarce, but a few have been met with near Bristol, Crowcombe and Weston-super-Mare

Xanthia citrago, L., is recorded only from Bathampton (Ross), Bridgwater, Bristol, Castle Cary and Weston; X. cerago, F., X. silago, Hub., X. aurago, F., and X. ferruginea, Esp., are generally distributed and sometimes common. X. gilvago, Esp., is very rare, only two specimens having been recorded from Clevedon by Mr. Mason

Cirrhœdia xerampelina, Hub., has been found somewhat plentifully near Bristol, Bath, Castle Cary, Clevedon, etc., the pupæ being sometimes quite common at roots of ash trees

Tethea subtusa, F., has once been taken at Clevedon by Mr. Mason, and at Weston by Mr. Crotch, and T. retusa, L., is still more scarce, having been recorded only from Brislington by Mr. Vaughan

Euperia fulvago, Hub., is reported from Keynsham by Mr. Ficklin

Dicycla oo, L., from 'near Bath' (Dr. Terry only)

Calymnia trapezina, L., is abundant everywhere, and C. diffinis, L., and C. affinis, L., are generally distributed

Eremobia ochroleuca, Esp., is scarce at Brislington (Ficklin), Taunton (Woodforde), and Weston (Crotch)

Dianthœcia conspersa, Esp., has been taken in the Leigh Woods by the Rev. J. Greene, and near Clevedon by Mr. Mason; D. capsincola, Hub., and D. carpophaga, B., are generally distributed and common; D. cucubali, Fu., has been found near Bath (Greer), Clevedon, Castle Cary and Weston; and a single specimen taken by Dr. Livett at Wells was identified by the late Mr. E. Newman as D. capsophila, Dup.

Hecatera dysodea, Hub., is recorded by Dr. Terry from Bath, and by Mr. Crotch from Weston-super-Mare

— serena, F., is more generally distributed. Near Bath, Bristol, Castle Cary, Clevedon, Evercreech, Weston, etc.

Polia chi, L., has been taken near Bath, Clevedon and Yeovil, and P. flavicincta, Hb., is common everywhere

Dasypolia templi, Th., is found at 'light' near Bristol, Castle Cary, Clevedon, Taunton and Weston

Epunda lichenea, Hb., has been reported from Clevedon (two specimens, Mason) and Wells; E. lutulenta, Bk., from Weston by Mr. Crotch; E. nigra, Haw., from near Bath, Bristol, Clevedon, Nailsea and Weston; and E. viminalis, Fb., from most parts of the county

[Valeria oleagina, Fb. Specimens of this very rare insect are said by Stephens to have occurred near Bristol (Illust. Br. Entom. 1829), but probably in error]

Miselia bimaculosa, L. Dr. Leach's specimen, taken near Bristol in 1815, is still in the British Museum collection

— oxyacanthæ, L., is common everywhere

Agriopis aprilina, L., Euplexia lucipara, L., and Phlogophora meticulosa, L., are generally distributed and common

Aplecta herbida is local and not common, but has been taken near Bath, Brockley, Bristol, Clevedon, Porlock and Weston; A. nebulosa, Huf., is reported from most of these places and also from Castle Cary, Frome, Leigh and Taunton; A. tincta, B., has been found near Bath by Mr. Greer; A. advena, Fb., near Bath, Clevedon, Castle Cary, Glastonbury and Taunton

Hadena adusta, Esp., Bristol, Clevedon, Frome and Portishead; H. protea, B., H. dentina, Esp., H. oleracea, L., and H. thalassina, Rot., are generally common; H. chenopodii, Fab., is very local near Bath (Terry), Weston (Crotch), and Yeovil (Parmiter); H. suasa, Bork., is sometimes common at 'sugar' near Bridgwater, Bristol, Clevedon, Portishead, Taunton, Weston, etc.; H. pisi, L., on downs near Bath, Bridgwater, Bristol and Weston; H. contigua, V., is very rare near Bathampton, Clevedon and on the Quantocks; and H. genistæ, Bork., is not common but is found at Bathampton, Brislington, Bridgwater, Castle Cary, Clevedon, Leigh, Portishead and Glastonbury

Xylocampa lithoriza, B., is common in the northern part of the county, and Calocampa vetusta, Hb., C. exoleta, L., Xylina rhizolitha, Fb., X. semibrunnea, Haw., and X. petrificata, Fab., are not common but generally distributed

Asteroscopus cassinea, Hb., is found in all parts of the county, and is sometimes common at 'light'

Cucullia verbasci, L., and C. umbratica, L., are generally common [C. scrophulariæ, Esp., has once or twice been recorded, but requires confirmation]; C. absynthii, L., is found only on the coast near Minehead, where I have taken the larvæ; and C. chamomillæ, Sch., has once or twice been met with near Bath by Mr. Greer, and at Clevedon by Mr. Mason

Gonoptera libatrix, L., Habrostola urticæ, Hb., H. triplasia, L., Plusia chrysitis, L., P. iota, L., P. v-aureum, Gn., are fairly plentiful among flowers, and P. gamma, L., is, as elsewhere, probably the most abundant Noctua; (fn. 6) P. festucæ, L., is scarce and local, but has been taken near Brislington (Grigg), Bridgwater (Corder), Clevedon, Sedgemoor and Weston-super-Mare

Anarta myrtilli, L., is local on heaths and downs near Bath, Bridgwater and Taunton, and on the Quantock and Blackdown Hills

Heliodes arbuti, Fb., is local, but sometimes plentiful near Bathampton (Ross), Castle Cary, Clevedon, Taunton and Weston

Heliothis dipsacea, L., is scarce, but has been reported from Bath, Clevedon (one at 'light') and Hinton St. George (Hoskins); the very rare H. scutosa, Schiff., has once been found at Weston by Mr. Jones in 1877; H. peltigera, Schiff., has been taken at Bath, Clevedon and Shapwick, in Wells (Miles); and H. armigera, Hb., near Bristol, Clevedon, Taunton and Weston

Chariclea marginata, Fb., is found near Bath, Bristol, Castle Cary, Clevedon, N. Curry and Weston; Acontia luctuosa, Esp., has been recorded from near Bath and Weston; Erastria fuscula, Bork., from Bath, Castle Cary and Weston; Hydrelia uncula, C., from the moors near Bridgwater by Mr. Corder and Mr. Waller, and from near Weston by Mr. Crotch

Micra parva, Dup. One of the few British specimens of this pretty little species was captured on Brean Down in 1858 by Mr. Crotch

Phytometra ænea, Hub., Euclidia mi, Cl., and E. glyphica, L., are common on many heaths and downs

Catocala fraxini, L. A specimen was taken at 'sugar' in the Leigh Woods, close to the Clifton Suspension Bridge by Mr. Griffiths in 1880; C. nupta, L., used to be common near Bristol, and has been found at Bath, Castle Cary, Clevedon, Evercreech, Leigh, Taunton, Wells and Weston; C. sponsa, L., is reported only from near Bath and Wells

Aventia flexula, Sch., is scarce near Bristol, on the Polden Hills near Street (Corder), and Sampford Arundel

Toxocampa pastinum, Tr., has been taken by Mr. Woodforde at Pickeridge Hill near Taunton, by Mr. Mason at Walton near Clevedon, and by Mr. Crotch at Weston

Brephos parthenias, L., is sometimes plentiful among birch trees in Leigh Woods, and has also been recorded from near Wells (Westcott) and at Bath (Terry) (fn. 7)

GEOMETRÆ

Uropteryx sambucaria, Dup.; Rumia cratægata, L.; Metrocampa margaritata, L., and Epione apiciaria, (fn. 8) Schiff., are plentiful throughout the county. E. advenaria, Hb., is much more local, but is found near Bath, Bristol, Portishead, Stoke, Taunton and Weston. Venilia maculata, L., is found in many places, but seems to have become very scarce in some of its old haunts, such as the Leigh Woods and Clevedon. Angerona pruniaria, L., used to be common near Bath and Bristol, and is still found at Clevedon, Portishead, Stoke, Taunton, and Weston. Ellopia fasciaria, Schiff.; Eurymene dolobraria, L.; Pericallia syringaria, L.; Selenia illunaria, Hb.; S. lunaria, Schiff., and S. illustraria, Hb., are all found throughout the county where the respective food plants of their larvæ are plentiful. Odontopera bidentata, Cl.; Crocallis elinguaria, L., and Ennomos angularia, Bork., are common everywhere. E. tiliaria, Bork., and E. erosaria, Bork., are generally distributed, and sometimes common at 'light'; E. fuscantaria, Haw., seems to be more local, but is taken near Bath, Bristol, Castle Cary, Clevedon and Taunton. Himera pennaria, L., is common

Phigalia pilosaria, F.; Amphidasys prodromaria, W. V., and A. betularia, L., are generally distributed and not scarce. Nyssia hispidaria, W. V., used to be taken in some numbers at 'light' at Taunton by Mr. Spiller, but does not seem to be met with there now; it is also reported from Bath and Stoke-subHamdon. Biston hirtaria is also recorded from the same places, but is never very common

Hemerophila abruptaria, Thn., and Cleora lichenaria, Huf., are generally distributed, and C. glabraria, Hb., has been once taken on the Quantocks near Bridgwater by Mr. Corder. Boarmia repandata, L., and B. rhomboidaria; Tephrosia crepuscularia, Hb., and T. buindularia, Bork., are fairly common. B. abietaria, Hb., is found among spruce firs in the Leigh Woods and at Brockley; T. extersaria, Hb., is occasionally taken in the same woods, and also T. punctulata, Hb., which is found also at Weston-super-Mare and near Wellington. Gnophos obscurata, Hb., is common in limestone districts

Pseudoterpna cytisaria, Schiff.; Geometra papilionaria, L., and G. vernaria, Hb.; Phorodesma bajularia, Schiff., and P. thymiaria, L., and Iodis lactearia, L., are reported from all parts of the county. Of the large emerald, G. papilionaria, Mr. Bartlett tells me the males may be caught flying round birch trees at night; he took a dozen in Leigh Woods on the night of August 3, 1892

Ephyra porata, F.; E. punctaria, L.; E. trilinearia, Bork.; E. omicronaria, Hb., and E. pendularia, L., are found in most woods, but the last is more local than the others, being reported only from Bath, Clevedon, Leigh Woods and Weston

Hyria auroraria, Bork., is very scarce and local, being recorded only from the turf moor near Bridgwater (Corder), Taunton (Spiller) and Stoke (Walter). Asthena luteata and candidata, Schiff., are generally distributed; A. sylvata, Hb., is reported from near Bristol, Clevedon, Frome, Orchard Portman, Stoke and Taunton; A. blomeri, Curt., among wych elms near Bath, Bristol, Frome, Evercreech, the Quantocks, Weston, etc. Eupisteria heparata, Haw., is very scarce near Bristol, Castle Cary, Clevedon, Stoke and Taunton, and Venusia cambrica, C., near Bristol and Weston. The genus Acidalia is well represented in the county, sixteen of the species being recorded. A. scutulata, Bork.; A. bisetata, Huf.; A. remutata, Hb.; A. imitaria, Hb.; A. aversata, L., and A. emarginata, L., are fairly common almost everywhere. The others are more local. A. trigeminata, Hw., is reported only from near Bristol (Stainton) and Taunton (Woodforde); A. dilutaria, Hb., from Bath, Bridgwater, Minehead and Weston; A. holosericata, Dup., from near Bristol and Frome (St. John); A. virgularia, Hb., is common in gardens amongst jasmine; A. ornata, Scop., has been taken at Clevedon, Portishead and Stoke; A. promutata, Gn., near Bath, Bristol, Frome, Porlock, Wells and Weston; A. subsericeata, Haw., near Bristol, Clevedon and Weston; A. immutata, L., at Ashcott near Glastonbury by Mr. Harding, Shapwick Moor by Mr. Waller, Walton Moor by Mr. Mason, and Weston by Mr. Crotch; A. fumata, St., on the Quantocks by Mr. St. John and near Stoke by Dr. Walter; and A. inornata, Haw., is not scarce on fir trees near Bath and at Brockley Coombe

Timandra amataria, L.; Cabera pusaria, L.; and exanthemaria, Scop., are common; and the variety of the latter, C. rotundaria, Haw., is occasionally found near Bristol. Corycia temerata, Hb., is reported from Clevedon, Leigh Woods, Sidcot and Weston; and C. taminata, Hb., from Locksley Wood near Bridgwater by Mr. Waller, and Weston-superMare by Mr. Crotch

Macaria alternata, Hb., has been reported from Stoke by Dr. Walter, from Taunton by Mr. Spiller, from two localities near Taunton by Mr. Stansell, from Sampford Arundel by Mr. Milton, and from Yeovil by Mr. Parmiter. M. notata, L., is much more local, having been found only near Stoke, Wells (Livett) and Yeovil; but M. liturata, Cl., and Halia wavaria, F., are widely distributed, and common

Strenia clathrata, L.; Panagra petraria, Hb.; Numeria pulveraria, L.; Fidonia atomaria, L., and F. piniaria, L., are generally distributed and common in suitable localities. Minoa euphorbiata, F., is scarce and local near Bath, Brislington, Portishead and Weston. Aspilates strigilaria, Hb., is reported from near Bath, Sampford Arundel, Shapwick and Taunton; A. citraria, Hb., near Bath (Terry) and Wells (Livett); and A. gilvaria, Fab., from Nailsea (Braund), Stoke (Walter), the Mendips near Wells (Livett), and Weston-super-Mare (Crotch)

Abraxas grossulariata, L., is abundant and variable. The Rev. Jos. Greene has bred some fine varieties from larvæ taken near Bristol. A. ulmata, Fab., is found in woods near Bath, Bristol, Brockley, Clevedon, Stoke, Weston, etc., but is not often common. [A. pantaria, L., 'said to have occurred in Oakhampton Park, Somerset' (Stainton's Manual, ii. 66), is not now included in the British list. No such place as 'Oakhampton Park' is known to me in the county.] Ligdia adustata, Schiff., and Lomaspilis marginata, L., are generally distributed

Pachycnemia hippocastanaria, Hub., has been taken by the Rev. St. John on the Quantocks near Crowcombe

Hybernia rupicapraria, Hb., ; H. leucophearia, Schiff.; H. aurantiaria, Hb.; H. progemmaria, Hb. ; H. defoliaria, L., and Anisopteryx æscularia, Schiff., are generally distributed and sometimes abundant

Cheimatobia brumata, L., is common in most parts of the county, but C. boreata, Hb., is very local, being only reported from Brislington (Ficklin), Leigh Woods (Vaughan) and Stoke (Walter). Oporabia dilutata, Bork.; Larentia didymata, L., and L. pectinitaria, Fues., are common everywhere; L. multistrigaria, Haw.; L. olivata, Bork.; Emmelesia affinitata, St.; E. alchemillata, L. ; E. albulata, Schiff., and E. decolorata, Hb., are generally distributed; but E. unifasciata, Haw., is very scarce and local, having only been recorded from near Weston by Mr. Crotch and at Bristol by Mr. Harding

Eupithecia (fn. 9) venosata, Fb., is probably found everywhere amongst Silene inflata; E. consignata, Bork., has once been taken at Portbury (Clarke), and Mr. Woodforde caught two specimens at 'light' at Taunton in 1865. E. linariata, Fb., is not common, but is found at Leigh, Portishead and Weston; E. pulchellata, St., larvæ are sometimes common in foxglove flowers near Clevedon, Minehead, Taunton and Weston; E. centaureata, Fab., though absent from many of the lists, is probably generally distributed; E. succentaureata, L., is found near Clevedon, Portishead, Walton and Weston; E. subfulvata, Haw., is generally distributed but not very common; E. subumbrata, Gn., is scarce near Bath (Terry), and Bathampton (Ross); E. plumbeolata, Haw., near Bath (Terry), and Weston-superMare (Crotch); E. isogrammata, H.S., is common amongst Clematis in the northern part of the county. E. castigata, Hb.; E. lariceata; E. subnotata, Hb.; E. vulgata, Haw.; E. exiguata, Hb.; E. coronata, Hb., and E. rectangulata, L., seem to be found in suitable localities everywhere. E. satyrata, Hb., has been taken at Yeovil by Mr. Parmiter; E. virgaureata, Dbl., in Leigh Woods by Mr. Grigg and myself, and near Glastonbury by Mr. St. John; E. fraxinata, Crewe, was once taken at Bathampton by Mr. Ross; E. pimpinellata, Hb., used to be found on heaths and downs near Bristol; E. campanulata, H.S., larvæ not scarce in woods round Portbury; E. constrictata, Gn., I used to take on Leigh Down near Bristol; E. nanata, Hb., on heaths near Bristol, Bridgwater, Evercreech, Taunton, and on the Quantocks; E. albipunctata, Haw., in damp woods near Bath, Clevedon, Portbury (Greene), Hutton (Smallwood), etc.; E. expallidata, Gn., larvæ on golden-rod near Bristol, Leigh, etc., scarce; E. absyn thiata, L., Bath, Bristol, Castle Cary, Weston, etc.; E. minutata, Gn., scarce near Bristol; E. assimilata, L., near Bristol, Bridgwater, Frome and Weston; E. tenuiata, Hb., larvæ sometimes common in sallow catkins near Bristol, Clevedon, Weston, etc.; E. subciliata, Gn., very rare near Clevedon (Mason) and Weston (Crotch); E. abbreviata, St., in oak woods; E. dodoneata, Gn., scarce in Leigh Woods (Hudd) and near Weston (Smallwood); E. sobrinata, Hb., is found amongst juniper bushes near Bath, Bridgwater, Clevedon (Mason) and Castle Cary (Macmillan); E. pumilata, Hb., is not uncommon near Bristol, Clevedon, Portishead and Taunton; and E. debiliata, Hb., has been captured at Holford near Williton by Mr. Corder

Lobophora sexalisata, Hb., has been found on Walton Moor near Clevedon by Mr. Mason, and at Sampford Arundel by Mr. Milton; L. hexapterata, Schiff., is found on poplars near Bristol (Vaughan), Clevedon, Stoke, Taunton, Weston and Yeovil; L. viretata, Hb., occurs in woods near Bristol, Clevedon, Stoke and Weston; L. polycommata, Hb., near Bristol (Hudd), Brislington (Ficklin) and Leigh; L. lobulata, Hb., near Bath, Bristol, Clevedon, Taunton, Weston, etc. [Thera simulata is marked on Mr. Crotch's list from Weston, but there are no other records from the county.] T. variata, Schiff., is common in fir woods, and T. firmata, Hb., is recorded from Brockley Coombe, and Weston (Harding)

Hypsipetes ruberata, Fn., occurs near Brislington (Ficklin), Clevedon, Stoke and on the Quantocks; H. impluviata, Hb., near Bath, Bridgwater, Clevedon, Portishead, Stoke and Yeovil; H. elutata, Hb., is abundant everywhere. Melanthia rubiginata, Fb.; M. ocellata, L.; M. albicillata, L.; Melanippe procellata, Fb.; M. unangulata, Haw.; M. rivata, Hb., and M. galiata, Hb., seem to be generally distributed, but not very common; M. montanata, Bork., and M. fluctuata, L., are abundant everywhere; M. hastata, L., has been taken near Bath (Greer) and Clevedon (Bird), and M. tristata, L., near Brislington (Vaughan), Clevedon, Evercreech, Leigh and Stoke. Anticlea sinuata, Hb., has only once been taken in Somerset, in Orchard Wood near Taunton by Mr. Spiller. A. rubidata, Fb.; A. badiata, Hb.; A. derivata, Bork.; Coremia propugnata, Fb. ; C. ferrugata, L., and C. unidentaria, Haw., are generally distributed. C. quadrifasciaria, L., is very scarce, and has only been recorded from near Bath (Terry), Clevedon and Weston-super-Mare (Crotch). Camptogramma bilineata, L., is abundant everywhere; C. fluviata, Hb., is not scarce near Bath, Bristol, Bridgwater, Clevedon, Sedgemoor, Taunton and Weston. Phibalapteryx tersata, Hb. ; P. lignata, Hb., and P. vitalbata, Hb., are found in many localities. Scotosia dubitata, L. ; S. certata, Hb. ; S. vetulata, Schiff. and S. rhamnata, Schiff., are generall'y distributed and sometimes common. S. undulata, L., is very scarce, single specimens having been taken near Bristol by Mr. Bolt, near Bridgwater by Mr. Corder, and a few near Clevedon by Mr. Mason, and Stoke by Dr. Walter. Cidaria picata, Hb., is recorded from Dodington near Williton (Corder), Taunton (Woodforde), Sampford Arundel (Milton), Stoke (Walter) and the Quantocks (Waller). C. psittacata, Schiff.; C. miata, L.; C. corylata, Th.; C. russata, Bork.; C. immanata, Haw.; C. suffumata, Hb. ; C. silaceata, Hb. ; C. prunata, L.; C. testata, L.; C. populata, L.; C. fulvata, Fors.; C. pyraliata, Fb., and C. dotata, Gn., are reported from all parts of the county. Pelurga comitata, L., is more local, being recorded only from near Bath, Castle Cary, Stoke and Weston

Eubolia cervinaria, Schiff., is local near Bath, Bridgwater, Castle Cary, Clevedon and Weston. E. mensuraria, Schiff. ; E. palumbaria, Bork., and E. bipunctaria, Schiff., are abundant in most places, especially on limestone. Mesotype lineolata, Hb., is abundant on the sandhills near Burnham and Weston; Anaitis plagiata, L., is common everywhere. Chesias spartiata, Fuess., has been taken on the banks of the Avon near Bristol (Mann) and near Stoke (Walter). Mr. Crotch recorded the very local C. obliquaria, Bork., from near Weston, where it does not seem to have been seen of late years, but should be searched for. Tanagra chærophyllata, L., is widely distributed, and sometimes common in the central and southern parts of the county, but is scarce in the Bristol district

DELTOIDS

Rivula sericealis, Scop. Not scarce in damp woods near Bristol, Castle Cary, Cleve don, Portishead, Leigh and Weston-superMare. Herminia grisealis, Hb., is abundant everywhere; H. tarsipennalis, Tr., is recorded from near Bath, Bristol, Castle Cary, Clevedon, Leigh and Portishead. H. cribralis, Hb.: Dr. Livett reported several specimens from the moors between Glastonbury and Wells, but none seem to have been observed there or elsewhere in the county of late. H. barbalis, Cl., is very scarce and local, recorded only from near Bath by Dr. Terry and from Weston by Mr. Crotch

Hypena crassalis, Fb., is very local amongst Vaccinium on downs near Bridgwater (Cottam) and Porlock (Corder); H. rostralis, L., is occasionally found in gardens near Bath (Terry), Bridgwater (Cottam), Wells and Weston. H. proboscidalis, L., is abundant everywhere. Hypenodes albistrigalis, Haw., and H. costæstrigalis, St., are found in woods near Bristol, Clevedon, Portishead, Leigh, etc., and sometimes come to 'sugar.' Schrankia turfosalis, Wk., is abundant in bogs and marshes near Bridgwater, flying at dusk (Barrett)

PYRALIDES

Cledeobia angustalis, Schiff., is fairly plentiful in August amongst stunted gorse bushes on the hills near Dunster and Minehead. Aglossa pinguinalis, L., and Pyralis farinalis, L., are generally distributed and common. P. glaucinalis, L., occurs near Bath, Bristol, Brislington, Clevedon and Castle Cary

Scoparia ambigualis, Tr. ; S. cembræ, Haw.; S. dubitalis, Hb. ; S. mercurella, L., and S. angustea, St., seem to be generally distributed throughout the county. S. basistrigalis, Knaggs, is scarce, the only local specimens known to me being one caught in the Leigh Woods by myself and another from Portbury by Mr. George Harding. S. lineola, Curt., also occurs near Bristol. S. cratægella, Hb., is found near Bristol, Brockley, Clevedon and Weston; S. resinalis, Gn., on trunks of trees near Bristol and Clevedon; S. truncicolella, St., recorded in Stainton's Manual to have formerly been common near Bristol, is now rarely met with, but Mr. Mason has taken a few specimens at Walton near Clevedon. S. pallida, St., is common but local in marshy places on the banks of the Avon near Bristol, and near Clevedon

Stenopteryx hybridalis is common everywhere in grassy places. Pyrausta punicealis, Schiff. ; P. purpuralis, L. ; P. ostrinalis, Hb., and Herbula cespitalis, Schiff., seem to be generally distributed. Ennychia cingulalis, L., occurs near Bristol, Bridgwater, Clevedon and Portishead; and E. anguinalis, Hb., near Bristol, Bridgwater, Clevedon and Weston-super-Mare. Agrotera nemoralis : a specimen of this rare insect was recorded from Brislington by Mr. Sircom, June 15, 1851. Endotricha flammealis, Schiff., has been found near Bath, Bristol, Brislington, Bridgwater, Dunster (Hudd), Minehead and Weston-super-Mare

Eurrhypara urticata, L., everywhere among nettles. Scopula lutealis, Hb., is reported from near Bath, Bristol, Castle Cary, Clevedon and Weston; S. olivalis, Schiff., S. prunalis, Schiff., and S. ferrugalis, Hb., are generally distributed and common. Botys pandalis, Hb., is recorded only as a native of the county by the late Mr. Crotch, 'scarce near Weston'; it occurs commonly in Gloucestershire. B. hyalinalis, Hb., and B. lancealis, Schiff., used to be found near Bristol, and the latter has been taken by Mr. Mason at Clevedon. B. verticalis, Schiff., is everywhere abundant; B. fuscalis, Schiff., is found near Bath (Terry), Brislington (Sircom), Portishead (Duck) and Weston-superMare; B. asinalis, Hb., common amongst Rubia peregrina throughout the county; the presence of this species can always be detected from the white blotches made on the madder leaves by the larvæ. Mecyna polygonalis, Tr.: Mr. Mason met with a specimen of this rarity at Clevedon in 1895. Ebulea crocealis, Hb., is common among fleabane, and E. sambucalis, Schiff., among elders. Spilodes sticticalis, L., used to be common near Bristol, but seems to have disappeared from its old haunts of late; it has also been reported from near Bath (Terry), and S. palealis, Schiff., has been taken on the Quantocks near Bridgwater by Mr. Corder. Pionea forficalis, L., is a garden pest everywhere in the larval state

Stenia punctalis, Schiff., a very rare species, was recorded from Weston-super-Mare by Mr. Crotch. Cataclysta lemnata, L. ; Paraponyx stratiotata, L.; Hydrocampa nymphæata, L., and N. stagnata, Don., are all found in marshy places, on banks of rivers, etc., throughout the county

PTEROPHORI (fn. 10)

Platyptilia ochrodactyla, Hb., is occasionally found amongst tansy on the banks of the Avon near Bristol and at Portishead, but does not seem to have been recorded elsewhere in the county. P. bertrami, Rossl., is reported from Portishead, amongst yarrow, scarce. P. gonodactyla, Schiff., is common amongst coltsfoot on railway banks, etc. Amblyptilia acanthodactyla, Hb., occurs near Bristol and Weston-super-Mare, and may sometimes be taken at ivy bloom; A. cosmodactyla, Hb., is scarce near Bath and Bristol

Oxyptilus teucrii, Gr., is sometimes common on wood sage in Leigh Woods, Brockley Coombe, etc.; O. parvidactylus, Haw., is taken occasionally at Leigh, Portishead, Weston, etc.

Mimæseoptilus bipunctidactylus, Haw., is not scarce on downs and hills near Castle Cary, Clifton, Clevedon, etc.; M. zophodactylus, Dup., used to be taken on Leigh Down and other places near Bristol; M. pterodactylus, L., is common in strawberry beds and amongst Veronica

Œdematophorus lithodactylus, Tr., is common amongst fleabane in August, on which plants the larvæ may be found in the previous month. Pterophorus monodactylus, L., is common everywhere. Leioptilus tephradactylus, Hb., is not scarce amongst golden-rod in the Leigh Woods and on the Portishead railway banks; L. osteodactylus, Zell., is recorded from Leigh Woods and Westonsuper-Mare; L. microdactylus, Hb., occurs near Bristol, Castle Cary, Leigh, Portishead, etc., the larvæ being sometimes plentiful on hemp-agrimony

Aciptilia galactodactyla, Hb., is plentiful in the larval state on burdock, but the moths are seldom seen on the wing; A. tetradactyla, L., is found at Brislington and near Bristol and Weston; and A. pentadactyla, L., is generally distributed and common

Alucita polydactyla, Hb., is common in gardens amongst honeysuckle

CRAMBITES

Schœnobius forficellus, Thunb., is found occasionally near Bristol, Brockley, Clevedon, Nailsea, Weston-super-Mare, etc., but is not common. Crambus falsellus, Schiff., has been recorded from Minehead, a single specimen caught by myself on the marsh near the sea in 1867, and from near Bath by Dr. Terry. C. pratellus, L. ; C. pascuellus, L. ; C. perlellus, Scop.; C. tristellus, Fb.; C. inquinatellus, Schiff.; C. genicuellus, Haw.; C. culmellus, L., and C. hortuellus, Hub., are generally distributed and often abundant. C. dumetellus, Hb., used to occur near Bristol and at Portishead, but I know of no recent captures; C. pinetellus, L., is common in some places; C. selasellus, Hb., has been taken by Mr. Macmillan near Castle Cary, and used to be found occasionally on the bank of the Avon near Clifton. C. chrysonuchellus, Scop., is common amongst Helianthemum vulgare

Anerastia lotella, Hb., has been taken by Mr. Macmillan on the coast near Burnham. Myelophila cribrum is common among thistles near Bristol, Bridgwater, Cadbury Hill, near Yatton, Clevedon, Portishead and Weston. Homœosoma sinuella, Fb., has been taken at Clevedon by Mr. Mason, and H. binævella, Hb., at Weston by the same collector. H. binævella and H. nebulella, Hb., are stated to be found near Bristol in Stainton's Manual, ii. 169–70. H. nimbella, Zell., and H. senecionis, Vaughan, Leigh, Portishead, etc.

Of the genus Ephestia there is some doubt as to old records, but E. elutella, Hb., is found probably all over the county, and other introduced species are quite sufficiently plentiful among dried figs, etc., in grocers' shops. Euzophera pinguis, Haw., occurs among old ash trees; Cryptoblabes bistriga, Haw., is scarce, but has been found near Bath, Bristol (Stainton), Leigh Woods (Vaughan) and Portbury (Harding)

Phycis betulella, Goze, used to be found amongst birch trees in the Leigh Woods, and P. albietella, Z., among spruce firs at Brockley Coombe. P. carbonariella, F. (fusca, Haw.), and P. adornatella, Tr. (dilutella, Hub.), are reported from Clevedon by Mr. Mason; and the last-named used to be taken on Leigh Down, not far from the Clifton Suspension Bridge, on ground now built over, where Pempelia palumbella, Fb., was also to be found in plenty. This latter insect is found on other heaths and downs in many parts of the county. Nephopteryx roborella, Zinck, is common in oak woods, and Rodophæa advenella, Zinck, amongst hawthorn hedges near Bristol, Portishead, Clevedon, etc. R. consociella, Hb., occurs near Bristol, Clevedon, Leigh, Portishead and Weston. R. tumidella, Zinck, is reported from Leigh and Portishead Woods. Oncocera ahenella, Zinck, is found near Bristol, Bridgwater and Castle Cary

Aphomia sociella, L., is generally distributed and common. Galleria melonella, L., is common near Castle Cary (Macmillan), and Meliphora grisella, Fb., is sometimes too abundant throughout the county where bees are kept

The Tortrices and Tineina have not had much attention paid to them by Somerset collectors either in the past century or at present. Mr. P. H. Vaughan and Mr. W. H. Grigg of Bristol have recorded their captures in the northern part of the county, and in the middle of the last century some rare species and a few additions to the British list were taken by Mr. Sircom of Brislington. With the exception of a list from Castle Cary and the neighbourhood, printed by Mr. Macmillan, we know little of the Micro-lepidoptera of the greater part of the county outside the Bristol district, and our list is therefore far from complete :-

TORTRICES

Tortrix podana, Scop. Generally common

— cratægana, Hb. Scarce ; in oak woods

— xylosteana, Linn. Abundant everywhere

— sorbiana, Hb. Common in oak woods near Bath, Bristol, Brislington and Clevedon

— rosana, Linn. Common everywhere

— diversana, Hb. Bath, Castle Cary, Leigh Woods; scarce

— cinnamomeana, Tr. Clevedon, Leigh Woods, etc. The larvæ are sometimes common on larch

— heparana, Schiff. Common in woods

— ribeana, Hb. Common everywhere

— corylana, Fb. Bath, Bristol, Castle Cary, Leigh, etc. ; common

— unifasciana, Dup. Common amongst privet, etc.

— costana, Fb. Clevedon, Keynsham, Leigh, Portbury; in marshy places

— viburnana, Fb.

— palleana, Hb. Castle Cary; scarce

— viridana, Linn. Abundant everywhere

— ministrana, Linn. Common everywhere

— forsterana, Fb. Abundant in gardens among ivy

Dichelia grotiana, Fb. Brislington, Clevedon ; comes to 'sugar'

Leptogramma literana, Linn. Bath, Bridgwater, Bristol, Castle Cary, Clevedon, Leigh Woods; not scarce in oak woods

— scabrana, Fb. Bath, Bristol, Bridgwater, Clevedon; scarce

Peronea sponsana, Fb. Bath, Bristol, Castle Cary, Clevedon, etc.; among beech trees

Peronea schalleriana, Linn. Bath, Bristol, Bridgwater, Castle Cary, Clevedon, Leigh, etc.; among sallows

— comparana, Hb. Brislington, Castle Cary, Clevedon, etc. ; scarce

— variegana, Schiff. Common everywhere

— cristana, Fb. Bath, Bristol, Clevedon, Portishead; scarce

— hastiana, Linn. Bath, Bristol, Castle Cary ; not common

— ferrugana, Tr. Common in woods and at ivy-bloom

— logiana, Schiff. (tristana, Hb.). Bristol, Clevedon, Leigh; amongst Viburnum lantana

— aspersana, Hb. Bath, Bristol, Clevedon; not common

Teras caudana, Fb. Widely distributed but not common

— contaminana, Hb. Common everywhere

Dictyopteryx lœflingiana, Linn. Common in oak woods

— holmiana, Linn. Amongst hawthorn ; common

— bergmanniana, Linn. Amongst roses; the larvæ are sometimes destructive in rose gardens near Bristol

— forskaleana, Linn. Bath, Bristol, Castle Cary, Clevedon, etc. ; among maples

Argyrotoxa conwayana, Fb. Common among ash trees

Ptycholoma lecheana, Linn. Common in woods

Ditula semifasciana, Haw. Bristol, Brislington, Clevedon. Larvæ are sometimes found between leaves of sallow

Penthina corticana, Hb. (picana, Frol.). Bristol, Castle Cary; scarce in birch woods

— betulætana, Haw. Bath, Clevedon, Leigh; among birches

— sororculana, Zett. (prælongana, Gn.). A few specimens were taken in Leigh Woods by Mr. P. H. Vaughan

— pruniana, Hb. Abundant everywhere

— ochroleucana, Hb. Bristol, Castle Cary; among roses

— variegana, Hb. (cynosbatella, Wilk.). Common everywhere

— gentiana, Hb. Larvæ common in heads of teazles

— marginana, Haw. Taken by Mr. Vaughan on the bank of the Avon under Leigh Woods

Antithesia salicella, Gn. Brislington, Castle Cary, Clevedon. Scarce among willows; flies at dusk in June and July

Spilonota ocellana, Fb. Common everywhere.

Mr. W. H. Grigg used to take the larvæ on Cratægus pyracantha in his garden

— lariciana, Zell. Leigh. Scarce amongst larch trees

— aceriana, Dup. Bristol, Burnham. On poplars ; scarce

— dealbana, Frol. Generally common

— neglectana, Dup. Leigh Woods ; scarce

— trimaculana, Haw. (suffusana, Zell). Common everywhere

— rosæcolana, Dbl. Abundant among roses

— roborana, Tr. A common garden pest

Pardia tripunctata, Fb. Common everywhere

Aspis udmanniana, Linn. Bath, Bristol, Castle Cary, Clevedon ; plentiful among brambles

Sideria achatana, Fb. Formerly taken by Mr. Vaughan near Bristol, and reported by Dr. Terry from near Bath; not now found

Sericoris euphorbiana, Fr. Near Bristol. Mr. Grigg took a single specimen of this rare species on the Somerset bank of the Avon, near Nightingale Valley, Leigh Woods, in May 1880

— cespitana, Hb. Near Bristol and Leigh Woods; formerly plentiful but now scarce

— lacunana, Dup. Common everywhere

— urticana, Hb. Generally distributed and common

Euchromia mygindana, Schiff. Mr. Vaughan used to take this local species near Pill

Orthotænia antiquana, Hb. Bristol, Castle Cary, Clevedon ; scarce

— striana, Schiff. Bath, Bristol, Clevedon, Portishead; common on tennis and croquet lawns

Eriopsela fractifasciana, Haw. Leigh Down near Bristol; they seldom fly, but may be found at rest on the grass

Phtheochroa rugosana, Hb. Brislington, Clevedon; scarce

Cnephasia musculana, Hb. Generally common

Sciaphila nubilana, Hb. Bath, Bristol, Yeovil; among hawthorn

— conspersana, Doug. Castle Cary ; scarce

— subjectana, Gn. Generally common

— virgaureana, Tr. Generally common

— chrysantheana, Dup. Bath, Bristol, Clevedon; Mr. Grigg found larvæ on Inula conyza in July

— sinuana, St. Formerly near Clevedon (Stainton)

— hybridana, Hb. Bath, Bristol, Castle Cary, Clevedon

Sphaleroptera ictericana, Haw. Bath, Bristol, etc.; flies at night on railway banks ; not common

Bactra lanceolana, Hb. Generally common in damp meadows

Phoxopteryx biarcuana, St. Brislington, Castle Cary and Leigh Woods

— lundana, Fb. Common in meadows

— derasana, Hb. Brislington; used to be taken by Mr. P. H. Vaughan

— mitterpacheriana, Schiff. Common in oak woods

— lactana, Fb. Clevedon, Leigh, Portishead; among poplars

Grapholitha ramella, Linn. Clevedon, Leigh, Castle Cary; among birches

— nisella, Cl. Bristol, Brislington, Castle Cary, Clevedon, Leigh Woods; larvæ common in sallow catkins

— cinerana, Haw. Leigh Woods ; scarce among poplars

— campoliliana, Tr. (subocellana, Don.). Bath, Castle Cary; among sallows

— trimaculana, Don. Common among elms

— penkleriana, Fisch. Leigh Woods; sometimes common

— nævana, Hb. Bristol, Castle Cary, Clevedon ; among holly

Phlœodes tetraquetrana, Haw. Generally common in woods

— immundana, Fisch. Bristol, Castle Cary, Portishead

Hypermecia cruciana, Linn. Hanham, Saltford, Portishead; among sallows

Batodes angustiorana, Haw. A common garden pest ; the larvæ are partial to ripe grapes in my greenhouse

Pædisca bilunana, Haw. Sometimes plentiful among birch trees in Leigh Woods

— corticana, Hb. Abundant everywhere in woods

Pædisca profundana, Fb. Near Bristol, Portishead, Yeovil; among oaks

— ophthalmicana, Hb. Bath, Bristol, Clevedon ; local and not common

— occultana, Dg. Leigh Woods; scarce among larch

— solandriana, Linn. Generally distributed

Ephippiphora similana, Hb. Bath, Bristol, Castle Cary ; among birch

— cirsiana, Zell. Common in woods and fields

— pflugiana, Haw. Abundant among thistles

— brunnichiana, Frol. Abundant among coltsfoot

— turbidana, Tr. Castle Cary; among butter burr; scarce

— inopiana, Haw. Common on railway banks near Bristol, and on the banks of the Avon opposite Clifton

— fœnella, Linn. Bath, Minehead; not common

— nigricostana, Haw. Leigh Woods; scarce (Vaughan)

— signatana, Dg. Leigh Down (Vaughan)

— trigeminana, St. Common on railway banks, etc.

— tetragonana, St. Brislington; scarce

— populana, Fb. Clevedon; among sallows

— obscurana, St. Leigh Woods; bred from oak-galls

Olindia ulmana, Hb. Castle Cary, Clevedon, Leigh; scarce

Semasia spiniana, Fisch. Leigh, Portishead; not uncommon

— ianthinana, Dup. Bristol, Clevedon; among hawthorn

— wœberiana, Hb. Among fruit trees in gardens; common

Coccyx strobilella, Hb. Leigh Woods; among spruce

— argyrana, Hb. Common in oak woods

— tædella, Linn (hyrciniana, Usl.). Generally common among spruce

— nanana, Tr. Clevedon, Leigh; among spruce

Heusimene fimbriana, Haw. Bristol, Clevedon, Leigh; flies in the sunshine; scarce

Retinia buoliana, Schiff. Common in fir woods and plantations

— pinicolana, Db. Brockley Coombe and Clevedon; scarce

— turionana, Hb. Clevedon (Mason); among fir trees

— pinivorana, Zell. Brockley Coombe and Clevedon

Carpocapsa splendana, Hb. Bristol, Leigh; among oak

— pomonella, Linn. Abundant in orchards Endopisa nigricana, St. (nebritana, Wilk.).

Bath, Brislington; in pea-fields

Stigmonota perlepidana, Haw. Belmont near Wraxall, Castle Cary, Clevedon; among fir trees; common

— internana, Gn. Castle Cary; not common

— compositella, Fb. Bristol, Brislington, Castle Cary, Portishead; plentiful among clover in meadows

— nitidana, Fb. Bath, Bristol, Portishead; in woods.

— regiana, Zell. Bristol, Clevedon; among sycamore

Dicrorampha politana, Hb. Banks of the Avon near Bristol and Clevedon; Mr. Grigg used to take larvæ in roots of tansy

— alpinana, Tr. Bath, Bristol, Brislington, Keynsham, Leigh; among tansy

— sequana, Hb. Bath, Bristol, Clevedon, Keynsham; local, but sometimes abundant on railway banks, etc., flying in the sunshine

— petiverella, Linn. Common everywhere among yarrow

— plumbana, Scop. Castle Cary, Clevedon; common on grassy banks

— plumbagana, Tr. Castle Cary, Leigh, etc.; larvæ in stems of yarrow

— acuminatana, Zell. Brislington, Yeovil; among ox-eye daisy

— simpliciana, Haw. Brislington, Portishead; among Artemisia, scarce

— tanaceti, St. Keynsham and near Portishead ; among tansy in June and July

Pyrodes rhediella, Linn. Bath, Bristol, Castle Cary, Clevedon, Portishead; it flies over hawthorn in the daytime

Catoptria albersana, Hb. Bristol, Brislington, Leigh Woods; not common

— ulicetana, Haw. Abundant among furze

— juliana, Curtis. Brislington (Sircom)

— hypericana, Hb. Common among Hypericum

— cana, Haw. (scopoliana, Wk.). Plentiful among thistles

— scopoliana, Haw. Leigh Woods; among knapweed

— æmulana, Schil. Portishead railway bank; larvæ on golden-rod (Grigg)

— expallidana, Haw. Leigh; scarce (Vaughan)

— aspidiscana, Hb. Leigh, and on the Portishead railway bank; not scarce (Grigg)

Trycheris mediana, Fb. (aurana, Fb.). Bristol, Brislington, Brockley Coombe, Castle Cary; at rest on flowers, not common

Choreutes myllerana, Fab. (scintillulana, Hb.). Brislington and the banks of the Avon near Clifton ; used to be common (Vaughan)

Symæthis pariana, Clk. Bristol, Castle Cary; scarce

— oxyacanthella, Linn. (fabriciana, St.). Abundant among nettles

Lobesia reliquana, St. (permixtana, Hub.). Bristol and Leigh; among oaks, flying in the daytime

Eupœcilia nana, Haw. Leigh Woods ; among birch

— dubitana, Hb. Bristol, Brislington, Leigh; flies at dusk

— atricapitana, St. Leigh Woods, Portishead railway banks ; among ragwort

— maculosana, Haw. Near Bath, Castle Cary, Clevedon and Leigh Woods; among wild hyacinth

— sodaliana, Haw. (amandana, H.S.). Portishead; among buckthorn

— hybridella, Hb. (carduana, St.). Leigh Woods and Portishead railway banks

— angustana, Hb. Bath, Clevedon, Leigh; not common

— curvistrigana, Wilk. Leigh Woods; larvæ common on golden-rod

— affinitana, Dg. Avon banks near Clifton (Grigg); among Aster tripolium

— udana, Gn. (griseana, St.). Leigh Woods; scarce

— notulana, Zell. Brislington (Sircom), Clevedon

— rupicola, Curt. Brislington, Leigh Woods; among hemp-agrimony

— roseana, Haw. Clevedon (Mason), Portishead railway banks ; among teazels

— degreyana, Mch. Portishead railway bank under Leigh Woods (Grigg); scarce

— subroseana, Haw. Quarries on the Avon opposite Durdham Down

— ciliella, Hub. (ruficiliana, Haw). Bristol, Leigh, Castle Cary; among cowslips

Xanthosetia zoegana, Linn. Generally distributed on dry hillsides and downs

— hamana, Linn. Plentiful among thistles Chrosis tesserana, Tr. (aleella, Schz.). Bristol, Castle Cary, Clevedon; local

— bifasciana, Hb. Leigh Woods; a few specimens taken in May and June by Mr. Grigg and Mr. Harding ; Clevedon (Mason)

Argyrolepia hartmanniana, Clk. (baumanniana, Schiff.). Near Bristol and Castle Cary; scarce, in damp woods

— subbaumanniana, Wilk. Leigh Woods; scarce

— zephyrana, Tr. (dubrisana, St.). Portishead railway bank (Grigg); scarce

— cnicana, Dbl. Castle Cary, Clevedon; scarce, among thistles

— badiana, Hb. Bristol, Clevedon; among burdock; scarce

Conchylis dilucidana, St. Banks of the Avon near Clifton; larvæ common in stems of wild carrot

— straminea, Haw. Bath (Terry); in May, scarce

Tortricodes hyemana, Hb. Plentiful in oak woods

TINEINA

Lemnatophila phryganella, Hb. Leigh Woods near Bristol; scarce

Dasystoma salicella, Hb. Recorded from the Quantocks near Crowcombe by the Rev. Seymour St. John. It used to be common near Bristol, but has not been taken there of late years

Exapate gelatella, Linn. (congelatella, Clk). Bristol, Brislington; larvæ between united leaves of willow in July (Wilkinson)

Diurnea fagella, Schiff. Common everywhere

Epigraphia avellanella, Hb. Bristol, Failand, Leigh Woods; among young birch trees, not common

— steinkellneriella, Schiff. Bristol, Castle Cary, Leigh Woods; among blackthorn, not common

Talæporia pseudo-bombycella, Och. Bristol, Brislington; larvæ on lichens

Fumea intermediella, Brd. Bristol; larvæ not uncommon

— radiella, Curt. Bath; in June, scarce (Terry)

Solenobia inconspicuella, Sta. Bristol district; larvæ on old walls

Psychoides verhuellella, Heyd. Leigh Woods; larvæ on Asplenium (Vaughan)

Xysmatodoma melanella, Haw. Near Bristol; larvæ on trunks of trees

— (Tinea) argentimaculella, Stn. The first specimen, taken by Mr. Sircom, is still, with the rest of his collection, in the possession of Mr. P. H. Vaughan of Redland, Bristol. Mr. Alan Hill also took some specimens near Almondsbury, Glos., a few miles north of Brislington

Ochsenheimeria birdella, Curt. Arno's Vale near Bristol, and Brislington, by Mr. Sircom and Mr. Vaughan

Scardia corticella, Curt. (emortuella, Zell.).

A specimen taken by Mr. Duck at Portishead is still in the collection of the Bristol Museum

— carpinetella, Hb. (parasitella, St.). Leigh Woods; scarce

— granella, Linn. Common in warehouses, etc.

— cloacella, Haw. Bath, Bristol, Leigh, Portishead; in woods

— ruricolella, Sta. Leigh Woods, Taunton, etc.

Scardia arcella, Fb. Leigh Woods, not rare (Vaughan); Portishead

Tinea ferruginella, Hb. Leigh Woods, scarce; Castle Cary

— rusticella, Hb. Abundant everywhere

— tapetzella, Linn. Often too abundant in carpets and furniture

— albipunctella, Haw. Brislington and Leigh Woods (Vaughan)

— misella, Zell. Castle Cary; scarce

— pellionella, Linn. Too abundant in houses

— fuscipunctella, Haw. Common everywhere

— pallescentella, Sta. Near Bristol (Grigg) and Castle Cary; scarce

— lappella, Hb. Brislington, Leigh, Portishead, Castle Cary; in woods

— nigripunctella, Haw. Bath, Bristol; not common

— semifulvella, Haw. Brislington, Leigh Woods, Castle Cary

Phylloporia bistrigella, Haw. Leigh Woods; among birches, scarce

Tineola biselliella, Sta. A household pest everywhere, in chairs, sofas, etc.

Lampronia quadripunctella, Fb. Brislington, Leigh, etc. ; among wild rose

— luzella, Hb. Brislington, Leigh; scarce

— prælatella, Schiff. Bristol, Leigh; among wild strawberry

— rubiella, Sta. Abundant sometimes among raspberry

Incurvaria muscalella, Fb. Abundant in hedges

— œhlmanniella, Hb. Common in the Bristol district

— capitella, Clk. Brislington, etc.; among currant bushes

Micropteryx calthella, Linn. Common everywhere on flowers

— aruncella, Scop. Bristol (Stainton)

— seppella, Fb. Bristol, Castle Cary, Clevedon ; on flowers of veronica, etc.

— thunbergella, Fb. Abundant everywhere

— purpurella, Haw. Bristol, Leigh Woods, Clevedon ; common

— semipurpurella, St. Leigh, Portishead; not common

— unimaculella, Zett. Brislington, Leigh Woods

— subpurpurella, Haw. Common everywhere

Nemophora swammerdammella, Linn. Generally plentiful

— schwarziella, Zell. Bristol, Castle Cary, Leigh, Taunton; common

Adela fibulella, Fb. Bristol, Brislington, Portishead; on flowers

— rufimitrella, Scop. Brislington (Sircom), Castle Cary (Macmillan), Taunton (Parfitt)

Adela sulzella, Schiff. (crœsella, Scop). Bristol, Leigh, Portishead; in woods

— degeerella, Linn. Bristol, Brislington, Portbury; scarce

— viridella, Linn. Abundant in oak woods

— cuprella, Th. Brislington (Sircom), Portishead (Duck)

Nematois cupriacellus, Hb. Bristol, Leigh Woods; on teazels, scarce

Swammerdammia apicella, Don.; combinella, Hb. Bristol, Castle Cary, Clevedon, Portishead, Taunton; in gardens, not common

— lutarea, Haw. Bristol, Castle Cary, Taunton; not common

— oxyacanthella, Dup. Common everywhere in hedges

— pyrella, Sta. Bristol, Castle Cary, Taunton; common in gardens

— spiniella, Hb.; cæsiella, St. Castle Cary, Taunton

Scythropia cratægella, Linn. Bristol, Brockley Combe, Taunton

Hyponomeuta plumbellus, Schiff. Bristol, Leigh, Portishead; among spindle

— padella, Linn. Common in gardens

— cognatella, Tr. Common on spindle

— evonymellus, Linn. Near Bristol; on Prunus padus

Prays curtisellus, Don. Bristol, Castle Cary, Taunton

Eidophasia messingiella, Fisch. Brislington; flying over herbage before dusk, not uncommon (P. H. Vaughan)

Plutella cruciferarum, Zell. Abundant in gardens

— porrectella, Linn. Bristol, Castle Cary, Leigh, Portishead, etc. Common among rocket, Hesperis matronalis

Cerostoma sequella, Clerck. Leigh, Brislington, Portishead ; among sallows

— vittella, Linn. Generally common on tree trunks

— radiatella, Don. Abundant everywhere and very variable

— costella, Fb. Generally distributed in woods

— sylvella, Linn. Bristol, Leigh, Portishead; in oak woods

— alpella, Schiff. Portishead; among oak

— lucella, Fb. Leigh Woods; scarce among oak

Harpipteryx scabrella, Linn. Bristol, Leigh, etc.; not common

— nemorella, Linn. Yeovil; scarce (Parmiter)

— harpella, Schiff.; xylostella, Linn. Generally common among honeysuckle

Theristis caudella, Linn.; mucronella, Scop. Bristol, Brislington, Leigh Woods; commoner in the spring after hybernation

Phibalocera quercana, Fb. Abundant everywhere

Depressaria costosa, Haw. Bristol, Brislington, Castle Cary, Clevedon, Portishead; among gorse

— flavella, Hb.; liturella, Tr. Bristol, Castle Cary, Keynsham; among knapweed

— umbellella, Sta. Abundant among furze

— assimilella, Tr. Bristol; among broom, not common

— nanatella, Sta. Bristol, Clevedon, Weston; among Carline thistle

— atomella, Hb. Keynsham (Sircom)

— arenella, Schiff. Common everywhere

— propinquella, Tr. Castle Cary, Portishead; not common

— alstrœmeriana, Clk. Generally distributed among hemlock

— purpurea, Haw. Brislington, Castle Cary, Portishead; not scarce

— hypericella, Hb. Brislington, Leigh Woods, etc.; among Hypericum

— conterminella, Zell. Brislington, Castle Cary; among sallow

— angelicella, Hb. Leigh, Portishead; in damp woods

— ocellella, Fb. Brislington, Portishead

— yeatiana, Fb. Bristol, Castle Cary, Portishead

— applana, Fb. Common everywhere

— ciliella, Stn. Scarce near Castle Cary

— pimpinellæ, Zell. Taken by Mr. Sircom at Brislington in August, and by Mr. C. G. Barrett at North Curry

— discipunctella, H.S.; pastinacella, Stn.

Recorded from (North Curry) Somerset by Barrett (E.M.M. xiv. 160), Portishead (?)

— weirella, Stn. Scarce at Castle Cary

— chærophylli, Zell. Yeovil; occasionally

— ultimella, Stn. Scarce near Bristol, and at North Curry, in thatch

— nervosa, Stn. Near Bristol; larvæ common

— heracleana, Stn. Bristol, Castle Cary, Leigh, etc.; larvæ common

Psoricoptera gibbosella, Zell. Not scarce on tree trunks in Leigh Woods (Vaughan)

Gelechia vilella, Zell. Recorded from Somerset by Barrett (E.M.M. xiv. 160)

— pinguinella, Tr. Near Bristol, Keynsham, etc.; common on poplars

— populella, Hb. Among poplars and sallows

— lentiginosella, Zell. Bristol, Brislington; among Genista, scarce

— ericetella, Hb. Common everywhere among heath

— mulinella, Zell. Common among furze

— sororculella, Hb. Brislington; among sallow

Gelechia diffinis, Haw. Bristol, Portishead; not common

— rhombella, Schiff. Portishead; scarce among apple

— distinctella, Zell. Taken near Keynsham by Mr. Sircom in 1851

Brachmia mouffetella, Schiff. Brislington, Leigh; not common

Bryotropha terrella, Hb. Common everywhere

— senectella, Zell. Leigh Woods; scarce

— affinis, Stn. Bristol, Castle Cary, Portishead; on old walls

— umbrosella, Zell. Burnham (Macmillan)

— domestica, Haw. Common in gardens, etc.

Lita acuminatella, Sircom. First taken by Mr. Sircom at Brislington, and described by him in the Zoologist for 1850; larvæ on thistles

— maculea, Haw. Bristol, Leigh, Portishead, Yeovil

— maculiferella, Dg. Bristol, Taunton; among Cerastium

— marmorella, Haw. Portishead; scarce (Duck)

— obsoletella, Fisch. Leigh, Portishead; larvæ, on Atriplex

— atriplicella, Fb. Leigh Woods; not common

Teleia proximella, Hb. Leigh, Portishead; among birch

— notatella, Hb. Leigh; among sallows

— vulgella, Hb. Common among hawthorn

— luculella, Hb. Leigh; among oak (Grigg)

— scriptella, Hb. Leigh, Taunton; among maple

— fugitivella, Zell. Scarce at Castle Cary (Macmillan)

— sequax, Haw. Leigh; among rock-rose

Recurvaria leucatella, Clk. Common among hawthorn

Pœcilia nivea, Haw.; gemmella, St. Scarce in Leigh Woods in July

Apodia bifractella, Mann. Common among fleabane

Ptocheusa inopella, Zell. Leigh; among fleabane

Doryphora lucidella, Stn. Marshy places near Portishead in July (Duck)

Anacampsis tæniolella, Tr. Common on downs among Leguminosæ

— anthyllidella, Hb. Common among Anthyllis

Tachyptilia populella, Clk. Bristol, Castle Cary; common

— temerella, Zell. Brislington (Vaughan)

Brachycrossata cinerella, Clk. Bristol, Keynsham, Leigh, Portishead; amongst fern, common but local

Ceratophora rufescens, Haw. Keynsham, Leigh; flies at sunset

Cladodes gerronella, Zell. Brislington, Hanham; not scarce

Parasia carlinella, Dg. Common among Carline thistle

Cleodora cytisella, Curt. Abundant among fern on Leigh Down (Vaughan)

Chelaria hubnerella, Don. Bristol, Castle Cary, Leigh; common

Hypsilophus durdhamellus, Sta.; schmidiellus, Heyd. Leigh; among marjoram, on which the larvæ are sometimes plentiful in June

Harpella geoffrella, Linn. Bristol, Castle Cary, Leigh, Portishead

Dasycera sulphurella, Fb. Common in old woods and hedges

Œcophora minutella, Linn. Brislington, Portishead; common

— flavimaculella, Stn. (fulviguttella, Zell.). Leigh, Brislington, Portbury; among Angelica, not common

— angustella, Hb. Brislington; scarce

— lunaris, Haw. Brislington; scarce, on tree trunks (Vaughan)

— lambdella, Don. Brislington, Hanham, Keynsham, etc.; among broom

— fuscescens, Haw. Bristol, Portishead; not rare on heaths

— pseudospretella, Sta. Abundant everywhere

Œcogenia quadripunctella, Haw. Bristol, Taunton; at 'light'

Endrosis fenestrella, Scop. Abundant everywhere

Butalis grandipennis, Haw. Plentiful among furze on downs near Bristol, Leigh, etc.

— fusco-ænea, Haw. Brislington, by Mr. Sircom; Portishead (Duck)

— fuscocuprea, Haw. Brislington, Leigh; among Helianthemum

— variella, Stn. Portishead; scarce

Pancalia lewenhœkella, Linn. Leigh Down and Portishead; common

Acrolepia perlepidella, Stn. Leigh Woods. The larva was discovered there by Mr. Grigg mining in leaves of Inula conyza in the spring

— granitella, Tr. Leigh, Portishead; among fleabane

Röslerstammia erxlebenella, Fb. Leigh Woods. The larvæ were discovered by Mr. Grigg on leaves of the small lime, Tilia parvifolia

Glyphipteryx fuscoviridella, Haw. Bristol, Pensford, Portishead, etc.; plentiful

— thrasonella, Scop. Avon banks and Portishead; common

Glyphipteryx equitella, Scop. Common in gardens among stonecrop

— fischeriella, Zell. Common in grassy places

Perittia obscurepunctella, Stn. Brislington (Vaughan); among honeysuckle

Tinagma sericiella, Haw. Keynsham (Vaughan)

— stanneella, Fisch. Brislington, Leigh Woods; beaten from yews (Grigg)

— resplendella, Doug. Brislington (Sircom)

Argyresthia ephippella, Fb. Leigh Woods (Vaughan), Portishead (Duck)

— nitidella, Fb. Common among whitethorn

— spiniella, Zell. Brislington (Sircom)

— albistria, Stn. Common everywhere among sloe

— semifusca, Haw. Portishead; not common

— mendica, Haw. Bristol, Castle Cary; among sloe

— glaucinella, Zell. Brislington, Leigh Woods, Portishead

— retinella, Zell. Castle Cary, Leigh, Portishead; common among birch

— dilectella, Zell. Bristol, Brislington; among junipers

— curvella, Linn. Castle Cary, Leigh, etc.; in orchards

— sorbiella, Tr. Leigh Woods; scarce (Vaughan)

— pygmæella, Hb. Bristol, Brislington, Hanham, Portishead; among sallows

— gœdartella, Linn. Bristol, Castle Cary, Leigh, Taunton; among birch

— brockeella, Hb. Common in birch woods

— arceuthina, Zell. Brislington; among juniper (Sircom)

Cedestis farinatella, Dup. Leigh Woods; among fir, scarce (Grigg)

Ocnerostoma piniariella, Zell. Leigh Woods; among fir (Grigg)

Zelleria insignipennella, Stn. Leigh Woods; among yew, scarce (Grigg)

Gracilaria swederella, Th.; alchimiella, Scop. Common in oak woods

— stigmatella, Fb. Castle Cary, Leigh Woods; among sallows

— semifascia, Haw. Castle Cary, Portishead; not common

— elongella, Linn. Near Bath, Bristol, etc., in oak woods

— tringipennella, Zell. Common among plantain on railway banks

— syringella, Fb. Abundant among lilac in gardens

— auroguttella, Stn. Leigh, Keynsham, Portishead; among Hypericum

Coriscium brongniartellum, Fb. Brislington, Keynsham; among oaks

Coriscium cuculipennella, Hb. Bristol, Portishead; among privet

Ornix avellanella, Stn. Common among nut bushes

— anglicella, Stn. Bristol, Castle Cary, Leigh, etc.; among hawthorn

— betulæ, Stn. Not scarce among birch in Leigh Woods

— fagivora, Frey. Bred from beech leaves by Mr. Vaughan

— guttea, Haw. Bristol, Brislington, Castle Cary, Taunton; in orchards

Coleophora fabriciella, Vill. Banks of the Avon near Keynsham (Vaughan)

— alcyonipennella, Kol. Brislington (Sircom); among knapweed

— ochrea, Haw. Leigh Down; among Helianthemum

— lixella, Zell. Leigh Woods; not scarce

— pyrrhulipennella, Tisch. Leigh Down; among heath (Vaughan)

— albicostella, Haw. Abundant among furze

— anatipennella, Hb. Bath, Bristol, Brislington; common

— ibipennella, Stn. Leigh Woods; scarce among birch (Vaughan)

— conyzæ, Zell. One specimen was bred by Mr. Grigg from a larva found at Leigh feeding on Inula conyzæ

— therinella, Stn. Leigh; among thistles

— troglodytella, Dup. Abundant among fleabane

— lineolea, Haw. Bedminster; abundant in lanes

— murinipennella, Fisch. Leigh Woods; three specimens (Grigg)

— cæspititiella, Zell. Bristol, Clevedon, Leigh, Taunton, Yeovil; among rushes

— annulatella, Stn.; laripennella, Zett.; abundant on the Avon banks near Bristol

— apicella, Stn. Bristol (Grigg), Taunton (Parfitt)

— virgaureæ, Stn. Leigh Woods; among golden-rod

— juncicolella, Stn. Leigh Down; among heath

— laricella, Hb. Leigh; scarce, larvæ on larches

— albitarsella, Leigh Woods; among ground ivy

— nigricella, Stn. Abundant among hawthorn

— fuscocuprella, Stn. 'Bristol' is the only locality given for this species in Stainton's Manual (ii. 386). The larva is said to feed on hazel in the autumn 'in a nearly globular case.' I have taken such cases on nut leaves in Leigh Woods, etc., but have not reared the moths (Hudd)

Coleophora gryphipennella, Stn. Leigh Woods; among rose

— fuscedinella, Zell. Abundant among elms

— viminetella, Heyd. Banks of the Avon near Bristol and Keynsham

— olivaceella, Stn. Bristol; one specimen by Mr. Grigg

— solitariella, Stn. Taunton (Parfitt)

— lutipennella, Zell. Leigh Woods; common among birch

— limosipennella, Fisch. Leigh Woods; larvæ on wych elms (Grigg)

Bedellia somnulentella, Zell. Scarce near Taunton, 1859 (Parfitt)

Batrachedra præangusta, Haw. Keynsham, Leigh, Portishead; among sallows

Chauliodus chærophyllellus, Göze. Castle Cary; scarce

Laverna propinquella, Stn. Leigh Woods

— lacteella, Stn. Leigh Woods (Grigg); among willow herb

— miscella, Schiff. Leigh Woods, Brislington, etc.; among rock rose

— epilobiella, Sch. Keynsham, Brislington, Leigh, Portishead

— decorella, Stn. Keynsham, Leigh, etc.; among willow herb

— atra, Haw. Bristol, Castle Cary; larvæ in hawthorn berries

— vinolentella, H. S. Two specimens from Leigh Woods by Mr. Grigg

Chrysoclysta aurifrontella, Hb.; flavicaput, Haw. Common in hedges

Asychna modestella, Dup. Taunton; among stitchwort (Parfitt)

— terminella, Dale. Leigh Woods; among enchanter's nightshade

Antispila pfeifferella, Hb. Leigh Woods; among dogwood

— treitschkiella, Fisch. Leigh, Taunton; among dogwood

Stephensia brunnichella, Linn. Leigh Down; not common

Elachista gleichenella, Fb. Among wild carrot on railway banks

— magnificella, Tgs. Brislington, Leigh, etc.; among Luzula in woods

— albifrontella. Plentiful on downs near Bristol, Portishead, etc.

— trapeziella, Stn. Castle Cary, scarce; Leigh Woods, common

— cinereopunctella, Haw. Common in grassy places

— stabilella, Stn. Portishead railway bank under Leigh Woods

— bedellella, Sircom. Keynsham, Leigh, etc.; not common

— obscurella, Stn. Leigh Down, among grass

Elachista zonariella, Stn. Banks of the Avon near Keynsham (Vaughan)

— gangabella, Fisch. Avon banks under Leigh Woods

— tæniatella, Stn. Scarce at Castle Cary

— megerlella, Zell. Leigh, Portishead, Taunton; common in woods

— adscitella, Stn. Brislington, Portishead railway bank, etc.

— cerussella, Hb. Banks of streams among grasses

— biatomella, Stn. Leigh Down (Vaughan)

— collitella, Dup. Failand, Leigh; scarce (Vaughan)

— subocellea, Stn. Taunton (Parfitt)

— rufocinerea, Haw. Abundant everywhere

— cygnipennella, Hb. Abundant everywhere

Tischeria complanella, Hb. Common in oak woods

— marginea, Haw. Common among brambles

Lithocolletis roboris, Zell. Among oaks, not common

— hortella, Fb. Brislington (Sircom)

— amyotella, Dup. Brislington; scarce

— lantanella, Stn. Among guelder rose, larvæ common

— lautella, Zell. Bristol, Brislington, Leigh; among oak

— pomifoliella, Zell. Generally common

— coryli, Nic. Common among hazel

— spinicolella, Kol. Brislington, Leigh, etc.; in hedges

— faginella, Mann. Common among beech

— torminella, Frey. Leigh Woods; not common

— salicicolella, Sircom. Brislington, Leigh, etc.; among sallows

— carpinicolella, Stn. Bristol; scarce among hornbeam

— ulmifoliella, Hub. Common among birch

— spinolella, Dup. Common among sallow

— quercifoliella, Fisch. Plentiful among oak

— messaniella, Zell. Abundant among beech and evergreen oak

— corylifoliella, Haw. Plentiful among hawthorn bushes

— viminiella, Sircom. First taken by Mr. Sircom at Brislington and described by him in the Zoologist (vol. vi.). Mr. Vaughan says he never found them among sallows, but has taken larvæ in profusion on osiers near Bristol, Hanham and Keynsham, etc. It is also round at Taunton

— scopariella, Tisch. Keynsham, among broom (Vaughan)

Lithocolletis ulicicolella, Vaughan. First taken and described by Mr. Vaughan among furze near Bristol; also found at Clevedon, Leigh, etc.

— alnifoliella, Hb. Among alder near Bristol, Brislington, Castle Cary, etc.

— cramerella, Fb. Plentiful among oaks

— heegeriella, Zell. Generally common among oaks

— tenella, Zell. Scarce near Bristol among hornbeam

— sylvella, Haw. Common among maples near Bristol

— emberizæpennella, Bou. Scarce among woodbine at Abbots Leigh, Brislington, etc.

— nicelliella, Zell. Plentiful among hazel; Bristol, Leigh, Portishead

— schreberella, Fb. Among elms; Bristol, Taunton

— tristrigella, Haw. Abundant among elms

— trifasciella, Haw. Plentiful among honeysuckle

Lyonetia clerckella, Linn. Plentiful among apples

Phyllocnistis suffusella, Zell. Among poplar; scarce near Bristol

— saligna, Zell. Taunton (Parfitt)

Cemiostoma spartifoliella, Hb. Brislington; common (Vaughan)

— laburnella, Heyd. Abundant among laburnum

— scitella, Zell. Abundant in hedgerows

Opostega crepusculella, Fisch. Brislington; scarce (Sircom)

— spatulella, H. S. Taken at North Curry near Taunton, by Mr. C. G. Barrett, flying under elm trees

Bucculatrix aurimaculella, Stn. Common among ox-eye daisy

— ulmella, Mann. Brislington and Leigh; among oak

— cratægi, Zell. Plentiful among hawthorn near Bristol

— maritima, Stn. Avon banks near Portbury among sea aster

— boyerella, Dup. Brislington; among elm, not common

— thoracella, Thn.; hippocastanella, Zell. Larvæ abundant in leaves of smallleaved lime (Tilia parvifolia) at Brislington and Leigh Woods

— cristatella, Fisch. Common among yarrow

Nepticula atricapitella, Haw.; N. ruficapitella, Haw.; N. anomalella, Stn.; and N. pygmæella, Stn., are all generally plentiful in the larval state round Bristol, etc.

— oxyacanthella, Stn. Abundant among hawthorn

Nepticula viscerella, Doug. Scarce among elm

— catharticella, Stn. Bedminster; not common

— septembrella, Stn. Plentiful at Keynsham, Leigh Woods, etc.

— intimella, Zell. Brislington (Sircom), Keynsham (Vaughan); among sallow

— subbimaculella, Haw. Abundant among oak

— argyropeza, Zell. Larvæ common at Leigh in fallen aspen leaves in October

— sericopeza, Zell.; louisella, Sircom. There are three specimens in Mr. Vaughan's collection taken at Brislington, two by himself and one by Mr. Sircom

— floslactella, Haw. Abundant among hazel

— salicis, Stn. Plentiful among sallow

— microtheriella, Stn. Abundant among hazel; as many as thirty larvæ have been found in a single nut leaf

— turicella, H. Sch. (Tutt). Clevedon; larvæ in beech leaves (Mason)

— ignobilella, Stn. Bristol, Leigh; among hawthorn

— argentipedella, Zell. Among birch; common

Nepticula tityrella, Doug. Plentiful among beech

— marginecolella, Stn. Leigh Woods; plentiful among elm

— alnetella, Stn. Bristol, Clevedon; among alder

— aurella, Fb. Larvæ plentiful in bramble leaves. Mr. Vaughan has found them also in leaves of Geum urbanum

— luteella, Stn. Plentiful among birch; Bristol, Leigh, Portishead

— tiliæ, Stn. Leigh Woods; among lime, Tilia parvifolia. Stainton says (Nat. Hist. Tineina, vii. 168), 'In this country this has only been noticed in the neighbourhood of Bristol'

Trifurcula squamatella, Stn. Brislington; scarce

— immundella, Zell. Brislington; among broom

— pulverosella, Stn. Brislington; among wild apple (Vaughan)

Note.— At my request Mr. C. G. Barrett has kindly looked through the proof-sheets of this catalogue, and has made several additions and corrections to it.

DIPTERA

The Diptera, or two-winged flies, is an order of enormous extent, but these insects are not favourites either with collectors or with the general public. They are however of great use in the scavenger habits of their larvæ, though many are in this stage very injurious to plants, such as the Carrot-fly (Psila rosœ, Fab.); the Mangold-fly (Pegomyia betœ, Curt.), which mines the leaves of beet, mangold, etc.; the Onion-fly (Phorbia cepetorum, Meade); the Crane-fly (Tipula oleracea, Linn.), which is sometimes the cause of enormous damage to corn and turnip crops, the grub gnawing the young plant just below the surface of the ground.

Quite lately one family, the Culicidœ, has attracted much notice from the discovery that one or two species of gnat of the genus Anopheles are the direct cause of malarial fever. (fn. 11)

CulicidÆ

Culex ciliaris, L. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Anopheles bifurcatus, L. Freshford (Charbonnier)

CHIRONOMIDÆ

Chironomus plumosus, L. (Charbonnier)

Tipulidæ

Pedicia rivosa, L. Wellington (E. R. iii.189)

Tipula oleracea, L. Batheaston

— gigantea, Schrk. "

Tipula nigra, L. Shapwick (E. M. M.xxviii. 268)

— scripta, Mg. Wellington (E. R. iii. 189)

— lutescens, F. " "

— ochracea, Mg. Batheaston

Pachyrrhina maculosa, Mg. Batheaston

BibionidÆ

Dilophus febrilis, L. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Bibio marci, L. Batheaston

— leucopterus, Mg. "

— johannis, L. "

— clavipes, Mg. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Rhyphidæ

Rhyphus fenestralis, Scop. Batheaston

Stratiomyidæ

Pachygaster ater, Pz. Langport (Dale)

Nemotelus uliginosus, L. Minehead

Oxycera formosa, Mg. Batheaston

— pulchella, Mg. "

— trilineata, F. Puddimore Milton (Curt., B. E.)

Stratiomys potamida, Mg. Wellington (E. R. iii. 189)

— riparia, Mg. Wellington (E. R. iii. 189)

— furcata, F. Burnham

Odontomyia viridula, F. Minehead

Chrysonotus bipunctatus, Scop. Batheaston

Sargus flavipes, Mg. Batheaston

— cuprarius, L. "

— infuscatus, Mg. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Microchrysa polita, L. Batheaston

Chloromyia formosa, Scop. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Beris vallata, Forst. Freshford (Charbonnier)

— chalybeata, Forst. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Actina tibialis, Mg. Batheaston

Leptidæ

Leptis scolopacea, L. Batheaston

— tringaria, L. "

Chrysopilus auratus, F. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Atherix ibis, F. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Tabanidæ

Hæmatopota pluvialis, L. Batheaston

Therioplectes micans, Mg. Wellington (E. R. iii. 189)

— tropicus, Mg. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Atylotus fulvus, Mg. Wellington (E. R. iii. 189)

Tabanus bovinus, L. Wellington (E. R. iii. 189)

— autumnalis, L. Minehead

Chrysops cæcutiens, L. "

Therevidæ

Thereva nobilitata, F. Freshford (Charbonnier)

— plebeia, L. Burnham

Scenopinidæ

Scenopinus fenestralis, L. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Bombylidæ

Bombylius discolor, Mik. Batheaston

— major, L. "

— minor, L. Minehead

AsilidÆ

Leptogaster cylindrica, DeG. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Dioctria atricapilla, Mg. Freshford (Charbonnier)

— rufipes, DeG. Batheaston

— flavipes, Mg. Minehead

Antipalus varipes, Mg. Batheaston

Dysmachus forcipatus, L. Burnham

Asilus crabroniformis, L. Batheaston

EmpidÆ

Empis tessellata, F. Minehead

— livida, L. Freshford (Charbonnier)

— nigritarsis, Mg. " "

Rhamphomyia sulcata, Fln. Batheaston

Pachymeria femorata, F. Freshford (Charbonnier)

DolichopodidÆ

Dolichopus plumipes, Scop. Batheaston

— griseipennis, Stan. Keynsham (Charbonnier)

— æneus, DeG. Batheaston

Pœcilobothrus nobilitatus, L. Keynsham (Charbonnier)

Chrysotus læsus, W. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Argyra diaphana, F. Freshford (Charbonnier)

PhoridÆ

Conicera atra, Mg. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Phora abdominalis, Fln. Langport (Dale)

PlatypezidÆ

Callomyia leptiformis, Fln. Leigh Woods (Dale)

ConopidÆ

Conops quadrifasciatus, DeG. Batheaston

Sicus ferrugineus, L. Minehead

Myopa testacea, L. Batheaston

SyrphidÆ

Pipizella virens, F. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Pipiza noctiluca, L. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Chrysogaster hirtella, Lœw. Minehead

Chilosia maculata, Fln. Batheaston

— scutellata, Fln. Freshford (Charbonnier)

— pulchripes, Lw. Batheaston

— chloris, Mg."

— mutabilis, Fln. Freshford (Charbonnier)

— albitarsis, Mg. Batheaston

— impressa, Lw. Leigh (Charbonnier)

— variabilis, Pz. Batheaston

— intonsa, Lw. Freshford (Charbonnier)

— œstracea, L. Wellington (E. R. iii. 189)

— cynocephala, Lw. Batheaston

Leucozona lucorum, L. Batheaston

Melanastoma quadrimaculatum, Ver. Freshford (Charbonnier)

— scalare, F. Batheaston

— mellinum, L. "

Platychirus albimanus, F. "

— peltatus, Mg. "

— scutatus, Mg. "

— clypeatus, Mg. "

— angustatus, Ztt. Minehead

Didea fasciata, Mcq. "

Syrphus lasiophthalmus, Ztt. Leigh (Charbonnier)

— umbellatarum, F. Freshford (Charbonnier)

— auricollis, Mg. Minehead

— cinctellus, Ztt. "

— balteatus, DeG. Batheaston

— bifasciatus, F. "

— luniger, Mg. "

— corollæ, F. Minehead

— annulatus, Ztt. "

— nitidicollis, Mg. Freshford (Charbonnier)

— vitripennis, Mg. Leigh (Charbonnier)

— ribesii, L. Batheaston

— grossulariæ, Mg. "

— lunulatus, Mg. Minehead

— albostriatus, Fln. Batheaston

— labiatarum, Ver. "

Catabomba pyrastri, L. "

Sphærophoria scripta, L. "

— menthrasti, L. Minehead

Xanthogramma ornatum, Mg. Minehead

Baccha elongata, F. Minehead

Ascia podagrica, F. Batheaston

Rhingia rostrata, L. "

Volucella bombylans, L. "

— pellucens, L. "

Arctophila mussitans, F. "

Sericomyia borealis, Fln. Minehead

Eristalis sepulchralis, L. Midford

— tenax, L. Batheaston

— arbustorum, L. "

— pertinax, Scop. "

— nemorum, L. "

— horticola, DeG. "

Myiatropa florea, L. "

Helophilus pendulus, L. Ashton (Charbonnier)

— lunulatus, Mg. Shapwick (E. M. M. xxviii. 268)

— trivittatus, F. Cheddar (Curt., B. E.)

Criorrhina oxyacanthæ, Mg. Minehead

— floccosa, Mg. Batheaston

— berberina, F. Somerset (Verrall)

Xylota segnis, L. Minehead

— lenta, Mg. "

— sylvarum, L. Wellington (E. R. iii. 189)

Eumerus ornatus, Mg. Freshford (Charbonnier)

— lunulatus, Mg. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Syritta pipiens, L. Batheaston

Chrysochlamys cuprea, Scop. Minehead

Chrysotoxum arcuatum, L. Wellington (E. R. iii. 189)

— festivum, L. Minehead

— bicinctum, L. Batheaston

— cautum, Harr. Minehead

Microdon mutabilis, L. Langport (Dale)

Muscidæ Acalyptratæ

Blepharoptera serrata, L. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Dryomyza flaveola, F. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Tetanocera ferruginea, Fln. Minehead

— hieracii, Fabr. "

Limnia rufifrons, F. Freshford (Charbonnier)

— obliterata, F. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Elgiva albiseta, Scop. " "

— cucularia, L. Minehead

Sepedon hæffneri, Fal. "

Psila fimetaria, L. "

Loxocera albiseta, Schrk. Batheaston

Platystoma seminationis, F. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Ceroxys pictus, Mg. St. Vincent's Rocks (Curt., B. E.)

Ptilonota guttata, Mg. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Seoptera vibrans, L. Batheaston

Acidia heraclei, L. "

Spilographa zoë, Mg. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Urophora solstitialis, L. Minehead

— aprica, Fln. Minehead

Tephritis vespertina, Lw. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Opomyza germinationis, L. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Sepsis cynipsea, L. Batheaston

Nemopoda cylindrica, F. Shapwick (Dale)

Saltella scutellaris, Fal. Langport "

Micropeza corrigiolata, L. Batheaston

Borborus geniculatus, Mcq. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Limnosina sylvatica, Mg. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Tichomyza fusca, Mcq. Keynsham (Charbonnier)

Sapromyza præusta, Fln. Freshford (Charbonnier)

AnthomyidÆ

Polietes lardaria, F. Minehead

Hyetodesia erratica, Fln. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Hyetodesia simplex, W. Freshford (Charbonnier)

— pallida, F. Batheaston

Spilogaster communis, Dsv. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Hydrotæa ciliata, F. Batheaston

— irritans, Fln. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Ophyra leucostoma, W. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Hydrophoria conica, W. Batheaston

Hylemyia strigosa, F. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Caricea tigrina, F. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Scatophaga lutaria, F. Batheaston

— stercoraria, L. "

Orygma luctuosum, Mg. Minehead (Charbonnier)

Cœlopa frigida, F. Minehead (Charbonnier)

TachinidÆ

Echinomyia ferox, Pz. Wellington (E. R. iii. 189)

— fera, L. Minehead

— ursina, Mg. Leigh (Charbonnier)

Micropalpus vulpinus, Fln. Cheddar (Charbonnier)

Olivieria lateralis, F. Batheaston

DexidÆ

Dexia vacua, Fln. Cheddar (Charbonnier)

Thelaira leucozona, Pz. Cheddar (Charbonnier)

SarcophagidÆ

Sarcophaga carnaria, L. Minehead

— atropos, Mg. Keynsham (Charbonnier)

— agricola, Mg. Freshford "

— nurus, Rnd. Cheddar "

MuscidÆ

Lucilia cæsar, L. Batheaston

— seratica, Mg. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Calliphora grœnlandica, Ztt. Cheddar (Charbonnier)

— erythrocephala, Mg. Batheaston

— vomitoria, L. Burnham

— sepulchralis, Mg. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Pollenia rudis, F. Batheaston

Musca domestica, L. "

— corvina, F. "

Pyrellia cadaverina, L. "

— lasiophthalma, Mcq. "

Mesembrina meridiana, L. "

Graphomyia maculata, Scop. Cheddar (Charbonnier)

Morellia hortorum, Fln. Batheaston

Cyrtoneura stabulans, Fln. "

Myiospila meditabunda, F. "

Stomoxys calcitrans. Freshford (Charbonnier)

ŒstridÆ

Gastrophilus equi, F. Wellington (E. R. iii. 189)

— nasalis, L. Wellington (E. R. iii. 189)

Hypoderma bovis, DeG. Batheaston

HippoboscidÆ

Ornithomyia avicularia, L. Batheaston

Stenopteryx hirundinis, L. "

Melophagus ovinus, L. "

BraulidÆ

Braula cæca, Nitz. Batheaston

HEMIPTERA

The Hemiptera include the bugs, plant-lice, etc., and are insects with mouth organs formed for piercing, and which gain their livelihood by sucking the sap of plants or the blood of insects. The number of species is very great, and although comparatively little attention has been paid to this order it is well worthy of special study. Dr. Sharp says, 'There is probably no order of insects that is so directly connected with the welfare of the human race as the Hemiptera; indeed if anything were to exterminate the enemies of the Hemiptera, we ourselves should probably be starved in the course of a few months.'

It is divided into two sub-orders, the Heteroptera and the Homoptera; the first of which, the bugs, contains about 430 British species; while the second is much more extensive, and includes the aphidæ or plant-lice, some of the most injurious of which are the Bean Aphis or 'Black Dolphin' (Aphis rumicis, Linn.); the Cabbage Aphis (A. brassicœ, Linn.); the Grain Aphis (Siphonophora granaria, Kirby), which attacks wheat, barley, oats and rye, sometimes doing much injury; the Hop Aphis (Phorodon humuli, Schrank), which in some seasons has greatly ravaged the hop gardens of England; the Turnip Aphis (Rhopalosiphum dianthi, Schrank), which is most destructive to potatoes, turnips and swedes; it also attacks the tulip, crocus, fuchsia and numerous other plants, while in the autumn it infests the peach and nectarine; the 'American Blight' (Schizoneura lanigera, Hausm); and the Apple Aphis (Aphis mali, Fab.), both very destructive to apple trees.

The only rarity in the following list is Aphelochorus œstivalis, Fab., taken in the river Avon near Batheaston.

PentatomidÆ

Corimelæna scarabæoides. Burnham

Podops inuncta, F. Weston-super-Mare (Blatch)

Sehirus bicolor, L. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Gnathoconus albomarginatus, Fab. Minehead

Sciocoris cursitans, F. Burnham

Ælia acuminata, L. Minehead

Neottiglossa inflexa, Wolff "

Peribalus vernalis, Wolff. Weston-superMare (Saunders)

Pentatoma baccarum, L. Burnham

— prasina, L. Minehead

Piezodorus lituratus, F. Clevedon

Tropicoris rufipes, L. Batheaston

Zicrona cœrulea, L. Leigh Woods (Charbonnier)

Acanthosoma hæmorrhoidale, L. Batheaston

CoreidÆ

Verlusia rhombea, L. Burnham

Coreus denticulatus, Scop. Minehead

BerytidÆ

Berytus minor, H. S. Batheaston

Lygæidæ

Lygæus equestris, L. Bath (Saunders)

Nysius thymi, Wolff. Minehead

Plociomerus fracticollis, Schill. Minehead

Rhyparochromus chiragra, F. Batheaston

Stygnus rusticus, Fall. Burnham

Peritrechus geniculatus, Hahn. Minehead

Scolopostethus affinis, Schill. Batheaston

Drymus sylvaticus, F. "

TingididÆ

Orthostira parvula. Batheaston

Monanthia cardui, L. "

— costata, Fieb. Langport (Saunders, Brit. Hem.)

— quadrimaculata, Wolff. Weston-superMare (Saunders, Brit. Hem.)

— dumetorum, H. Schff. Batheaston

AradidÆ

Aneurus lævis. Batheaston

Velia currens, F. "

Microvelia pygmæa, Duf. Batheaston

Hydrometridæ

Gerris gibbifera, Schum. Batheaston

— najas, DeG. Freshford (Charbonnier)

— lacustris, L. Midford

ReduviidÆ

Reduvius personatus, L. Batheaston

Nabis lativentris, Boh. "

— major, Cost. "

— flavomarginatus, Scholtz "

— rugosus, L. "

SaldidÆ

Salda saltatoria, L. Minehead

— orthochila, Fieb. "

Cimicidæ

Cimex lectularius, L. Batheaston

Lyctocoris campestris, Fab. "

Piezostethus galactinus, Fieb. "

Anthocoris nemoralis, Fab. "

— sylvestris, L. "

Triphleps niger, Wolff "

— minutus, L. "

Microphysa pselaphiformis, Curt. Batheaston

— elegantula, Baer. Batheaston

CapsidÆ

Acetropis gimmerthalii, Flor. Batheaston

Miris calcaratus, Fall. "

— lævigatus, L. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Megalocera erratica, L. Batheaston

— ruficornis, Fourc. "

Leptoterna ferrugata, Fall. "

— dolobrata, L. "

Lopus sulcatus, Fieb. Weston-super-Mare (Saunders, Brit. Hem.)

Phytocoris tiliæ, Fab. Batheaston

— longipennis, Flor. "

— varipes, Boh. "

— ulmi, L. Batheaston

Calocoris sexguttatus, Fab. Batheaston

— bipunctatus, Fab. "

— roseomaculatus, DeG. "

Oncognathus binotatus, Fab. "

Lygus pratensis, Fab. "

— lucorum, Mey. Minehead

— pabulinus, L. Batheaston

— contaminatus, Fall. Freshford (Charbonnier)

Camptobrochis lutescens, Schill. Batheaston

Liocoris tripustulatus, Fab. "

Capsus laniarius, L. "

Rhopalotomus ater, L. "

Dicyphus epilobii, Reut. "

— errans, Wolff "

Campyloneura virgula, H.S. "

Cyllocoris histrionicus, L. Minehead

— flavonotatus, Boh. Batheaston

Ætorhinus angulatus, Fab. "

Globiceps flavomaculatus, Fab. Batheaston

Orthotylus adenocarpi, Perr. Midford

Heterotoma merioptera, Scop. Batheaston

Malacocoris chlorizans, Fall. "

Harpocera thoracica, Fall. Leigh Woods (Charbonnier)

Atractotomus mali, Mey. Batheaston

Psallus ambiguus, Fall. "

— variabilis, Fall. "

— alnicola, D. and S. "

— sanguineus, Fab. "

— rotermundi, Schltz. "

Plagiognathus viridulus, Fall. Batheaston

— arbustorum, Fab. "

NaucoridÆ

Naucoris cimicoides, L. Burnham

Aphelochirus æstivalis, Fab. Batheaston (C. Broome)

NepidÆ

Nepa cinerea, L. Burnham

Ranatra linearis, L. Midford

NotonectidÆ

Notonecta glauca, L. Burnham v. maculata, Fab. Glastonbury (Dale)

Plea minutissima, Fab. Clevedon

CorixidÆ

Corixa geoffroyi, Leach. Burnham

— atomaria, Ill. Clevedon

— hieroglyphica, Duf. Batheaston

— sahlbergi, Fieb. Clevedon

— linnæi, Fieb. Glastonbury

— striata, L. Midford

— distincta, Fieb. Clevedon

— coleoptrata, Fab. Midford

HEMIPTERA HOMOPTERA

Membracidæ

Centrotus cornutus, L. Freshford (Charbonnier)

IssidÆ

Issus coleoptratus, Geoff. Batheaston

Cixiidæ

Cixius pilosus, Ol. Minehead

— nervosus, L. Batheaston

Cercopidæ

Triecphora vulnerata, Ill. Minehead

Aphrophra alni, Fall. Batheaston

— salicis, DeG. Shapwick (Dale)

Philænus spumarius, L. Batheaston

Ledridæ

Ledra aurita, L. Leigh Woods (Charbonnier)

Bythoscopidæ

Macropsis lanio, L. Batheaston

Bythoscopus alni, Schr. Batheaston

— flavicollis, L. Minehead

Tettigonidæ

Evacanthus interruptus, L. Batheaston

Tettigonia viridis, L. "

Acocephalidæ

Strongylocephalus agrestis, Fall. Batheaston

Acocephalus nervosus, Schr. Midford

— albifrons, L. Minehead

— histrionicus, Fab. "

Jassidæ

Limotettix antennata, Boh. Batheaston

Typhlocybidæ

Eupteryx auratus, L. Batheaston

Psyllidæ

Psylla betulæ, L. Minehead

— alni, L. Batheaston

Footnotes

1 Proc. Somerset Archœol. and Nat. Hist. Soc. x. 131.
2 Journ. of Conch. ix. 187, 237.
3 My best thanks are due to the following gentlemen for the assistance they have kindly given me: Mr. E. Saunders, in naming some of the Hymenoptera; Mr. H. J. Charbonnier, with notes on the Hymenoptera and Diptera; Messrs. H. Donisthorpe, C. W. Dale, W. Macmillan, and C. Bartlett, with notes on the Colcoptera; and Mr. A. E. Hudd for advice and general help.
4 It has not been thought necessary in all cases to give the names of the recorders for each locality after the names of the insects. In the case of species from Bristol district, Leigh Woods, etc., where no other authority is named I am myself responsible for the records. Species from the following localities, when not otherwise stated, are given on the authority of the entomologists named, who have either published lists or sent them to me:—
Ashbrittle near Wellington : Mr. F. Milton
Bath : Mr. Thomas Greer. Species not in Mr. Greer's list are from a catalogue by Dr. Terry in The Historic Bath Guide (1864); these are all marked ('Terry only')
Bathampton : The late Mr. J. G. Ross
Batheaston : Colonel Linley Blathwayt
Blackdown: Hills: Mr. F. Milton
Brislington : The late Mr. Sircom
Bridgwater: Mr. Arthur Cottam, Mr. H. Corder, and the Rev. A. P. Waller
Castle Cary : Mr. W. Macmillan
Clevedon : Mr. J. Mason
Crowcombe (Quantocks) : Rev. J. Seymour St. John
Evercreech : Rev. E. Hallett Todd
Frome (Whatley, near) : Rev. J. S. St. John
Glastonbury (Baltonsborough, near) : Rev. J. S. St. John
Portishead : The late Mr. J. N. Duck
Sampford Arundel : Mr. F. Milton
Stoke-sub-Hamdon : Mr. W. Walter
Taunton : Mr. F. C. Woodforde (generally confirmed by the late Mr. Bidgood of Taunton Museum); a few species on the authority of Mr. A. S. Tetley (marked 'Tetley')
Wellington : Mr. F. Milton
Wells : The late Dr. H. W. Livett
Weston-super-Mare : The late Mr. G. R. Crotch
Yeovil : Mr. T. Parmiter
5 See 'Historic Notes on Papilio Machaon in England,' by Mr. C. W. Dale, in the E. M. M. for February, 1902, p. 37.
6 Both Plusia illustris and P. orichalcea, Hb., are given by Dr. Terry 'as rare near Bath in July,' but further evidence is required before we include them in our list, though the latter beautiful insect occurs in Gloucestershire.
7 B. notha, Hub., and Stilbia anomala, L., are also recorded from near Bath by Dr. Terry, but require confirmation.
8 Epione vespertaria, St., has been reported from near Bath, Taunton, Stoke-sub-Hamdon and Wells, but probably in error.
9 The genus Eupithecia does not seem to have been much studied or collected in the county, several of the lists received being marked with only two or three species from localities where many more are doubtless to be found. Nevertheless our catalogue contains no less than thirty-six species.
10 The 'plumes' have not been much collected in Somerset, and with the exception of those recorded from the neighbourhood of Bristol we have little information as to the local species.
11 The families have been arranged in the order given by Dr. Sharp in the Cambridge Natural History.


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