CP40/674
Trinity term 1429

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Centre for Metropolitan History

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Jonathan Mackman and Matthew Stevens

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2010

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'CP40/674: Trinity term 1429', Court of common pleas: The National Archives, CP40: 1399-1500 (2010). URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=118100 Date accessed: 16 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 104d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 104d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 105
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 108
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 109
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 109d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 111
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 113
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 117
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 123
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 123
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 123d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 127d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 132
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 133
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 133d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 186
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 186
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 186d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 213
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 218
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 218
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 218d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 218d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 232
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 232
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 232d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 232d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 311
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 318
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 318
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 320
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 331
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 336
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 370
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 370
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 370d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 370d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 418
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 440
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 457d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 464d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 485
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 508d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 514
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 514
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 514d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 514d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 526d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 537d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 550
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 550d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 552
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 552
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 553
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 564d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 568
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 569
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 570d

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 104d

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Account
Damages claimed: 10m
Case type: Reckoning of account

Pleading: Richard M. claims that William F. owes him 8m 6s 8d as determined by a reckoning of account between them, held before RM himself, concerning the time WF acted as his receiver of monies. RM says that by this reckoning, held in London on 26/06/1421, he found WF to be in arrears by the aforesaid 8m 6s 8d. Damages are claimed at 10m.

Pleading: WF says that he does not owe RM the aforesaid 8m 6s 8d nor any other monies and offers his law immediately. WF quit. RM amerced for false claim.

Case notes: photo: 1363; Related to other case on this same rotulet

Events
Type Place Date
Accounting St Andrew Holborn < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 26/06/1421
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Kneseworth (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Richard Morton (m) Plaintiff
William Felde (m) Husbandman North Moreton < Berkshire < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 104d

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Debt (account)
Damages claimed: 10m
Case type: Reckoning of account

Pleading: Richard M. claims that Nicholas F. owes him 8m 6s 8d as determined by a reckoning of the account between them, held before RM himself, concerning the time NF acted as his receiver of monies. RM says that by this accounting, held at London on 26/06/1421, he found NF to be in arrears by the aforesaid 8m 6s 8d. Damages are claimed at 10m.

Pleading: NF says that he does not owe RM the aforesaid 8m 6s 8d nor any other monies and offers his law, to be made in this same term.

Postea text: And upon this NF makes his law (same term as pleadings) and so is quit. RM and his is in mercy for false claim.

Case notes: photo: 1362; Related to other case on same rotulet

Events
Type Place Date
Accounting St Andrew Holborn < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 26/06/1421
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Kneseworth (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Nicholas Felde (m) Husbandman North Moreton < Berkshire < England Defendant
Richard Morton (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 105

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: 100m
Case type: Taking of goods

Pleading: Adam D. claims that on 05/03/1428 at London Thomas S. used force and arms to seize and carry off his goods to the value of £40. The goods taken were namely one chalice, 3 corporals, 4 towels, 2 altar frontals and 2 altar sub-frontals, 3 great torches ('tortos'), 3 small torches ('tortulos'), one portiforium, one manual, one processional, one legend, one gold cape, one surplice, 4 dining tables, 8 trestles, one cupboard, 6 glazed windows, 6 little windows, 6 stools, 6 locks with their keys, 12 iron bolts? ('putilia'), one large iron chain, two racks, two mangers, each side being made of 40 planks, one large chest, 6 benches, one dressing board, 3 tables called 'shilves', 6 'tabulas thorales' (?), one lattice, one dresser ('speram'), four benches, one table called a 'dormaunt', and four beer barrels. Damages claimed at 100m.

Pleading: TS denies the trespass as claimed. Parties on country, sheriff of London to have jury here at the octave of St John the Baptist 1429.

Postea text: Jury in respite to Michaelmas one month, nisi prius they come before William Babyngton, CJCP, at St Martin le Grand on 21 October 1429. On this day, parties come by attorneys, justice sends record that on that day, before WB and [name lost], parties came, some jurors came, others did not come. [Some jurors names survive, but most of the rest of the pleading is destroyed or illegible.]

Events
Type Place Date
Taking of Goods St Augustine Papey < Aldgate Ward < London < England (initial) 05/03/1428
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
[damaged] Berston (m) Juror
Adam Dalton (m) Clerk Plaintiff
John [damaged] (m) Juror
John Bedford (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Elsy (m) Juror
John West (m) Juror
Richard Flete (m) Juror
Thomas Marchall (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Moysaunt (m) Juror
Thomas Shawe (m) Bladesmith London < England Defendant
William Babyngton (m) Chief Justice St Martin Le Grand, Assize [court] Justice
William Greye (m) Juror

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 108

Term: Trinity 1429
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Fraud
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: Alexander R. and his wife Joan R. claim that on Thursday in the feast of Michaelmas 14 Henry IV (presumably referring to Michaelmas 1412, which fell on a Thursday) at Westminster Joan R., then a woman alone, bargained with William W. for two pipes of red wine which WW knew to be corrupt and yet fraudulently warranted as sound and sold to Joan R. for a large sum of money, namely 5m. Damages are claimed at £10.

Pleading: WW, protesting that the wine was good and sound, says that AR and Joan R. ought not have their action against him. WW says that he never warranted the wine as good, as Joan R. has claimed, and puts himself upon the country, and the plaintiffs, AR and Joan R., put themselves likewise. Order to the sheriff of Middlesex to make a jury come in the octave of St John the Baptist 1429 (late in Trinity term 1429). And upon this WW puts (attorney) Thomas H. in his place versus AR and Joan R. in this suit.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 29/09/1412
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Alexander Rayle (m) Plaintiff
Joan Rayle (f) Plaintiff
Thomas Hethe (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Marchall (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Walsale (m) Draper London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 109

Term: Trinity 1429
County: Essex
Writ type: Disseisin
Case type: Real action / rents / damage to real estate

Pleading: Richard B. seeks from Joan C. who was the wife of John C. 10 acres of land, 3 acres of meadow, and 4 acres of wood with appurtenances in Pilgrim's Hatch, Essex, which RB claims to have been unjustly disseised of by Joan C. since the first voyage of Henry III into Gascony. RB says that he was seised of the aforesaid land, meadow, and wood, in his demesne and as of fee during the reign of the present king (Henry VI) until he was expelled etc. and thence the present suit etc.

Pleading: Joan C. comes and says that she is not able to render these lands, meadow, and wood to RB because she is not held of the aforesaid lands, meadow, and wood with appurtenances as of free tenement, nor was she on the day of the making of RB's original writ. Joan C. offers to verify this and seeks judgement.

Pleading: RB says that his writ ought not be stopped because on the day of the making of his original writ, namely 12/04/1429, Joan C. was half of the aforesaid lands, meadow, and wood with appurtenances as of free tenement, just as his writ supposes. RB seeks inquisition upon the country and Joan C. seeks likewise. Order to the sheriff of Essex to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1429.

Case notes: Related to CP40/674 rot.218; defendant's location is given as Pilgrim's Hatch, Essex, in the related case.

Events
Type Place Date
Location of Property Pilgrim's Hatch < Essex < England
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Joan Chyrche (f) Widow Defendant
John Chyrche (m) Other
John Neuland (m) Attorney of defendant
Philip Leweston (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Richard Brid (m) Citizen Skinner Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 109d

Term: Trinity 1429
Writ type: Other
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Contract (general); Safe keeping

Pleading: [Case badly damaged, but seems that the first year of the reign of Henry VI (1422-3), in Cirencester, plaintiff John Pittes put 24 dozen woollen cloths into the safe-keeping of defendant John Carter, for carriage to London. However, at Benson, Oxfordshire something happened to this cloth due to JC's 'neglect and thoughtlessness', to JP's damage of £40.

Pleading: [Destroyed or Illegible.]

Case notes: Photo: 1372; case very badly damaged

Events
Type Place Date
Negligence Benson < Oxfordshire < England
Safe Keeping Cirencester < Gloucestershire < England
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Carter (m) Husbandman Ablington < Gloucestershire < England Defendant
John Hogges (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Pittes (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 111

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Thomas F. claims that Helewise J., widow and executor of the will of William J., owes him £34 6s 8d on five bonds made between TF and the late WJ. TF claims that all of these bonds were made on 04/04/1422 in the amounts and with the due dates: one bond of 5m due at the Exaltation of the Holy Cross 1422 (14/09/1422); one bond of £13 6s 8d due at the Exaltation of the Holy Cross 1422 (14/09/1422); one bond of 5m due at the Exaltation of the Holy Cross 1423 (14/09/1423); one bond of 5m due at the Exaltation of the Holy Cross 1424 (14/09/1424); and one bond of £10 due at …[damage]…1426. [note that these bonds only add up to £33 6s 8d, not the supposed debt of £34 6s 8d] Bonds shown in court. Damages are claimed at … [remainder of the case is lost]

Events
Type Place Date
Bond London < England (initial) 04/04/1422
(due) 14/09/1423 < Cross, Exaltation of
Bond London < England (initial) 04/04/1422
(due) 14/09/1422 < Cross, Exaltation of
Bond London < England (initial) 04/04/1422
(due) 14/09/1422 < Cross, Exaltation of
Bond London < England (initial) 04/04/1422
(due) 14/09/1424 < Cross, Exaltation of
Bond London < England (initial) 04/04/1422
(due) 1426
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Helewise James (f) Widow Cromer < Norfolk < England Defendant, Executor
Thomas Fauconer (m) Citizen Mercer London < England Plaintiff
William James (m) dec. Cromer < Norfolk < England Testator
William Kirkeby (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 113

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond; Imprisonment

Pleading: John T. claims that Thomas D. owes him £8 3s 8d as the unpaid residue of a £8 3s 8½d bond. JT acknowledges satisfaction concerning the other ½d of the aforesaid £8 3s 8½d bond. Damages are claimed at £10. Bond shown in court. JT says that the bond was made at London etc.

Pleading: TD says that the force of the bond ought not hold because at the time of its making he was imprisoned by JT and his associates at Kingstone, Herefordshire.

Pleading: JT says that TD was a free man at the time of the bond's making and seeks inquiry upon the country, and TD seeks likewise. Order to the sheriff of Herefordshire to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1429.

Postea text: postea 1 - the sheriff of Herefordshire did not send the writ and so the case is forwarded as far as Hilary term 1430.

Case notes: Image 0220

Events
Type Place Date
Imprisonment Kingstone < Herefordshire < England (initial) 07/04/1428
Bond St Mary Woolnoth < Langbourn Ward < London < England (initial) 07/04/1428
(due) 11/11/1428 < Martinmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Trethewy alias John Trethewey (m) Citizen Skinner London < England Plaintiff
Thomas de la Hay (m) Esquire Huntleys < Herefordshire < England Defendant
Thomas Hethe (m) Attorney of defendant
William Richard (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 117

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Robert P. and his wife Joan P. who is herself executor of the will of Henry Parker, claim that Richard G. and his wife Alice G. who is herself the former wife and executor of the will of Richard A., together with the co-executors of RA, namely Thomas D. and Henry Poley, owe them 20m on a bond made between the late Henry Parker (creditor) and the late RA (debtor). Damages are claimed at £20. Bond shown in court, as well as letters testamentary which indicate that JP is the executor of Henry Parker. And upon this RP and JP claim that the bond was made at London [parish and ward left blank].

Pleading: The defendants, RG and AG, say that they ought not be held to the aforesaid bond because they had already made full administration of the goods and chattels of the late RA by the time of the making of the plaintiffs' writ. This they are prepared to verify.

Pleading: The plaintiffs, RP and JP, say that they ought to have their action because on the day of the making of their original writ, namely ..[damage]…

Events
Type Place Date
Bond London < England (initial) 06/12/1418
(due) 02/02/1419 < Blessed Virgin Mary, Purification of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Alice Groveherst (f) Sittingbourne < Kent < England Defendant, Executor
Henry Crychurch alias Henry Parker (m) dec. Citizen Vintner London < England Testator
Henry Poley (m) Dyer Maidstone < Kent < England Accessory, Executor
Joan Pellican (f) Executor, Plaintiff
John Neulond (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Richard Aspele (m) dec. Cleve < Kent < England Testator
Richard Edyncham (m) Attorney of defendant
Richard Groveherst (m) Husbandman Sittingbourne < Kent < England Defendant
Robert Pellican (m) Plaintiff
Thomas Draper (m) Husbandman Cleve < Kent < England Accessory, Executor

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 123

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Detention of goods; Safe keeping

Pleading: John E. claims that Ralph M. unjustly detains his goods and chattels to the value of 20m. JE says that on 20 April 1428, in London, he delivered to RM for safe keeping one gold necklace and two gold rings worth a total of 20m, but that RM now refuses to return them. Damages are claimed at £10.

Pleading: RM says that he does not detain the aforesaid goods nor anything else and offers his law immediately. RM sent without day, JE amerced for false claim.

Events
Type Place Date
Safe Keeping St Mary Woolchurch < Cornhill Ward < London < England (initial) 20/04/1428
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Edward (m) Plaintiff
Ralph Manston (m) Husbandman Yeovil < Somerset < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 123

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: []
Case type: Detention of goods; Safe keeping

Pleading: … of Yeovil in Somerset was summoned to respond to John Edward concerning a plea … … 20m which he unjustly detains etc. And whence the same John comes in his own person … … year 6 Henry VI at London in the parish of St … … chattels, namely one gold necklace …

Case notes: Case almost entirely illegible. Writ and case types have been suggested based on the related case on this same rotulet.

Events
Type Place Date
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
[damaged] [damaged] (m) Husbandman Yeovil < Somerset < England Defendant
John Edward (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 123d

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Arbitration; Assault; Taking of goods

Pleading: Thomas C. claims that at London on 24/09/1427 Thomas W., Adam R., and John P., used force and arms to seize and carry off his goods, namely one pipe of oil and one cask of oil together worth £10, and also assaulted his servant, John D., so that TC was without JD's service for the six weeks then next following. Damages are claimed at 20…(damaged, but presumably £20).

Pleading: Concerning the use of force and arms TW, AR, and JP say that they are innocent and put themselves upon the country, and TC puts himself likewise. Concerning the remainder of the supposed trespass TW, AR, and JP say that after the time of the supposed trespass themselves, as much as TC submitted to arbitration on…[damage]… next after the feast of the purification of St Mary (2 February) in the year …[damage]… before arbiters Robert T. and William G. on the part of …[damage]… and arbiters … Baldok and William W. on the part of…..[the remainder of this case is lost].

Events
Type Place Date
Assault
Taking of Goods
St Sepulchre without Newgate < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 24/09/1427
Arbitration England
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
[damaged] Baldok (m) Arbitrator
Adam Racy (m) Glover Leicester < Leicestershire < England Defendant
John Dutton (m) Servant Other
John Preston (m) Yeoman Leicester < Leicestershire < England Defendant
Robert Thorp (m) Arbitrator
Thomas Catworth (m) Plaintiff
Thomas Delves (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Whityngton (m) Fuller Leicester < Leicestershire < England Defendant
William Gra... (m) Arbitrator
William Norwych (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Wynger (m) Arbitrator

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 127d

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: 20m
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: John S. and Richard A., executors of the will of Vincent C., together with co-executor John D, and co-executor Joan (C.) who was the wife of Vincent C., claim that John R. owes them £24. JS, RA, JD, and JC say that on 01/10/1425 at London defendant JR bought from the late VC 134 cades (cados) of beer (cervisie) for £24, payable to the late VC upon request. Though often requested, this money was never paid to the late VC, nor has it been paid to his executors, plaintiffs JS, RA, JD, and JC. Thus the present suit. Damages are claimed at 20m. The plaintiffs present letter testamentary to the court, showing that they are the executors of the late VC etc.

Pleading: JR says that he does not owe JS, RA, JD, and JC the aforesaid £24 and puts himself upon the country, and the plaintiffs put themselves likewise. Order to the sheriff of London to make a jury come in …[damage]… term…

Case notes: photo: 1391

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 01/10/1425
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Elias Upperton (m) Attorney of defendant
Joan Chapman (f) Executor, Plaintiff
John Donne (m) Executor, Plaintiff
John Robessart (m) Knight Queenborough < Kent < England Defendant
John Sonekyn (m) Executor, Plaintiff
Richard Atte... (m) Executor, Plaintiff
Thomas Cook (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Vincent Chapman (m) dec. Testator

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 132

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Assault

Pleading: Thomas P. claims that on 30/06/1427 Bertram F. lay in wait at London with force and arms to kill (ad interficiend') his (TP's) servant Robert B., so that RB feared for his life and limbs etc. and was thus unable to go about TP's business, such as the collection of TP's monies and other profits (proficua), nor walk the streets etc. for fear of death for a great time, namely from the aforesaid 30/06/1427 as far as 01/03/1429. Damages are claimed at £40.

Pleading: BF says that himself … [damage] … and was always afterwards resident in London, whence … … hamlet the same BF is or was resident on the day of the making of … … in which the process of outlawry lies established …. [most probably a defence involving the statute of additions]

Pleading: … says that on the day of the making of his original writ …

Events
Type Place Date
Assault St Andrew by the Wardrobe < Castle Baynard Ward < London < England (initial) 30/06/1427
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Bertram Fawe (m) Merchant Bordeaux < Foreign < France Defendant
Richard Bartelot (m) Servant Other
Thomas Puseye (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 133

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Debt (loan); Debt (other)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Contract (general); Loan

Pleading: William Coventre, prior of St Bartholomew, Smithfield, claims that Simon M. owes him 40s arising from 26s 8d unpaid rents of tolls at farm and a 13s 4d loan. Prior WC says that from time immemorial his predecessors, priors of St Bartholomew's, have been seised, by right of their church, of a certain fair held at Smithfield in the suburbs of London for three days each year, namely the eve, day and morrow of St Bartholomew, with all rights, profits, and free customs pertaining to the same. Prior WC states that on the Monday before St Bartholomew (23 August) 1428, in the parish of St Sepulchre in the ward of Farringdon Without in London, he demised at farm to defendant SM a parcel of the issues and profits of the said fair, namely tolls on packs of rushes and saddlebags and packs of cloth, and on the sale of horses, sheep, pigs and other animals in Smithfield, and all the profits of the tolls of the fair pertaining to the alley called 'Cokkes Lane', a parcel of the fair, for the said three days of the fair of 1428. In exchange for this prior WC was to receive 26s 8d, parcel of the aforesaid 40s debt, payable at the end of the same fair. Prior WC says that on the same 23 August 1428, in London, he also loaned SM 13s 4d, to be repaid at Michaelmas 1428. However, prior WS says that he has not been paid any of this 40s, to his damage of £10.

Pleading: SM says that he does not owe prior WC this 40s or any money as claimed. Parties on country, jury here on the morrow of [lost]. Pledges named for the defendant [only one name survives due to damage to ms].

Case notes: Photo 0240

Events
Type Place Date
Loan St Sepulchre without Newgate < Farringdon Ward Within < London < England (initial) 23/08/1428
(due) 29/09/1428 < Michaelmas
Contract (not Service/employment) St Sepulchre without Newgate < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 23/08/1428
(due) 25/08/1428
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Wydeslade (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Simon More (m) Courser London < England Defendant
William Caumbrigge (m) London < England Surety for defendant
William Coventre (m) Prior St Bartholomew, Smithfield [priory] West Smithfield < Middlesex < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 133d

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Debt (loan); Debt (other)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Contract (general); Loan

Pleading: William Coventre, prior of St Bartholomew, Smithfield, claims that Roger G. owes him 40s arising from 26s 8d unpaid rents of tolls at farm and a 13s 4d loan. Prior WC says that from time immemorial all of his predecessors as priors of St Bartholomew's have been seised, by right of their church, of a certain fair held at Smithfield in the suburbs of London, for three days each year, namely the eve, day and morrow of St Bartholomew, with all rights, profits, and free customs pertaining to the same. Prior WC says that on 18 August 1427 he demised at farm to defendant RG a parcel of the profits of the said fair, namely tolls on saddlebags and packs in certain parts of the fair, namely Cow Lane, Hosier Lane, St John's Street, [ms damaged] and Long Lane, parcels of Smithfield, taking for each saddlebag [...]d and for each pack ½d, throughout the three days of the fair. In exchange for this, the prior was to receive 15s, parcel of the aforesaid 40s debt, payable at the end of the same fair. The prior also says that on the same 18 August 1427, in London, he also loaned RG 25s, which was to be repaid at Michaelmas 1427. Prior WS says that he has not been paid any of this 40s, to his damage of £10.

Pleading: [Counterplea lost due to damage.]

Case notes: photo: 1397

Events
Type Place Date
Contract (not Service/employment) St Sepulchre without Newgate < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 18/08/1427
(due) 25/08/1427
Loan St Sepulchre without Newgate < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 18/08/1427
(due) 29/09/1427 < Michaelmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Roger Gerard (m) Husbandman London < England Defendant
William Coventre (m) Prior St Bartholomew, Smithfield [priory] West Smithfield < Middlesex < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 186

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: []
Case type: Assault; Taking of goods

Pleading: Edmund Talworth claims that on [illegible] June 1424, in London, Thomas F. assaulted him, seizing and carrying off his goods and chattels to the value of £40, namely: 2 marten furs, 3 hind furs ('byces'), one grey fur and one woollen cloth of scarlet measuring 30 yards. Damages claimed at £[illegible].

Pleading: TF denies the trespass as claimed. Parties on country, jury here at octave of Michaelmas.

Case notes: Image 0339.

Events
Type Place Date
Assault
Taking of Goods
All Hallows the Less < Dowgate Ward < London < England
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Edmund Talworth (m) Skinner London < England Plaintiff
Thomas Feryby (m) Clerk Westminster < Middlesex < England Defendant
William Halle (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 186

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: 40s
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: Thomas T. claims that Elias W. owes him 40s arising from the sale of 12 yards of 'violet coloured' woollen cloth which EW bought but did not pay for. Damages are claimed at 40s.

Pleading: EW says that he does not owe TT the aforesaid 40s nor any other monies and offers his law, to be made in the octave of St John the Baptist 1429 (late in Trinity term 1429). Pledges of law are named as well as pledges of future appearance.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 19/08/1426
(due) 29/09/1426 < Michaelmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Elias Whetele (m) Chaplain Thames Ditton < Surrey < England Defendant
Robert Freman (m) Gentleman Syresham < Northamptonshire < England Surety for defendant, Surety of law (compurgator)
Thomas Tottesham (m) Draper Westminster < Middlesex < England Plaintiff
Walter Wight (m) Yeoman Westminster < Middlesex < England Surety for defendant
William Ferrers (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
William Talbot (m) Merchant Southampton < Southampton < England Surety for defendant, Surety of law (compurgator)

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 186d

Term: Trinity 1429
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: 60s
Case type: Detention of goods; Safe keeping

Pleading: John H. claims that on 15/09/1427 at Enfield, Middlesex, he delivered to TH one horse worth 60s for safe keeping, but that TH now refuses to return this horse. Damages are claimed at 60s.

Pleading: TH says that he does not detain this horse and puts himself upon the country, and JH puts himself likewise. Order to the sheriff (of Middlesex) to make a jury come in the octave of St John the Baptist 1429 (late in Trinity term 1429).

Case notes: photo: 1499

Events
Type Place Date
Safe Keeping Enfield < Middlesex < England (initial) 15/09/1427
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Hale (m) Fletcher London < England Plaintiff
Thomas Hoo alias Thomas Hugh alias Thomas Howe (m) Enfield < Middlesex < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 213

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: 100s
Damages awarded: £20
Case type: Housebreaking; Taking of goods

Pleading: 'Lawrence P., William (P.) the son of Lawrence (P.), and Richard (P.) the brother of William (P.)' claim that on 07/02/1429 William Basset used force and arms to break their house at London and take goods and chattels to the value of 40s. The goods taken were namely: 2 outer garments (togas); 3 table cloths; 4 towels; one copper/brass jar; and other household utensils. Damages are claimed at 100s.

Pleading: William Basset says that he ought not have to respond to the writ of LP, WP, and RP because they are villeins of his manor of Fledborough, Nottinghamshire as they and they ancestors have been since time immemorial.

Pleading: LP, WP, and RP say that they are free men of free condition, and not villeins of the manor of Fledborrough. LP, WP, and RP seek inquiry upon the country, and William Basset seeks likewise. Order to the sheriff to make a jury come in the octave of St John the Baptist 1429 (late in Trinity term 1429). And upon this LP, WP, and RP put (attorney) Robert B. in their place versus WB in this case.

Postea text: postea 1 - continuance between the parties as far as Michaelmas term 1429 unless the case should first be heard before chief justice William Babyngton at the assize of St Martin le Grand on 12/07/1429.

Postea text: postea 2 - to this day (Michaelmas term 1429) come LP, WP, and RP; and chief justice William Babyngton sends this record of the case as heard before chief justice William Babyngton and associate justice John D. at the assize of St Martin le Grand on 12/07/1429. To that assize came all the plaintiffs (LP, WP, and RP) and defendant William Basset, as well as a jury. This jury said on oath that LP, WP, and RP were free men of free condition, and not villeins. Further, the jury awarded LP, WP, and RP damages of £20 on the aforesaid trespass. William Basset was to be arrested. And upon this LP, WP, and RP forgive the aforesaid damages.

Case notes: photo: 0393

Events
Type Place Date
House-breaking
Taking of Goods
St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 07/02/1429
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Drayton (m) Justice St Martin Le Grand, Assize [court] Justice
Lawrence Parker (m) Weston juxta Tuxford < Nottinghamshire < England Plaintiff
Richard Parker (m) Weston juxta Tuxford < Nottinghamshire < England Plaintiff
Robert Benne (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Babyngton (m) Chief Justice St Martin Le Grand, Assize [court] Justice
William Basset (m) Esquire Fledborough < Nottinghamshire < England Defendant
William Kirkeby (m) Attorney of defendant
William Parker (m) Weston juxta Tuxford < Nottinghamshire < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 218

Term: Trinity 1429
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Debt (other)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Real action / rents / damage to real estate

Pleading: Abbot John P. claims that on 24/06/1425 in the parish of St Botolph without Aldegate, county Middlesex, he demised to William G. a certain tenement called 'Le Lambe' in East Smithfield, Middlesex, within the same parish, for a period of three years then next following, at an annual rent of £3 6s 8d payable in equal portions at the feasts of Michaelmas, Christmas, Easter, and the Nativity of St John the Baptist. However WG did not pay this rent and so is in arrears to abbot JP for £10, and thus the present suit. Damages are claimed at 100s.

Pleading: WG says that he does not owe abbot JP the aforesaid £10 nor any other monies and puts himself upon the country, and abbot JP puts himself likewise. Order to the sheriff of Middlesex to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1429.

Case notes: photo: 0404

Events
Type Place Date
Rental Agreement St Botolph without Aldegate < Middlesex < England (initial) 24/06/1425
(due) < Michaelmas
(due) < St John the Baptist, Nativity of
(due) < Easter
(due) < Christmas
Location of Property East Smithfield, 'Le Lambe' < Middlesex < England
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Pecche (m) Abbot St Mary Graces [abbey] London < England Plaintiff
Thomas Mullyng (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Gilham (m) Shearman London < England Defendant
William Halle (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 218

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £25
Case type: Housebreaking; Taking of goods; Trespass (chattels)

Pleading: Richard B. claims that on 01/08/1428 Joan C. who was the wife of John C. used force and arms: to break his close at Pilgrims Hatch, Essex; reap his grain lately growing there and mow his grass; and carry off hay and grain to the value of £20. The grain in question was 2 acres of wheat and two acres of barley lately growing, together with the aforesaid grass. The hay and grain carried off amounted to ten cart-loads, worth the aforesaid £20. Damages are claimed at £25.

Pleading: Joan C. says that she is innocent and puts herself upon the country, and RB puts himself likewise. Order to the sheriff of Essex to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1429. Pledges are named for the defendant.

Case notes: photo: 0403 Related to CP40/674 rot.109

Events
Type Place Date
Destruction of Chattels
House-breaking
Taking of Goods
Pilgrim's Hatch < Essex < England (initial) 01/08/1428
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Joan Churche (f) Widow (lately of) Pilgrims Hatch < Essex < England Defendant
John Churche (m) dec. Pilgrims Hatch < Essex < England Other
John Eton (m) Poulterer London < England Surety for defendant
John Neweland (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
John Sherman (m) Cooper London < England Surety for defendant
Philip Leweston (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Richard Bryd (m) Citizen Skinner Ashtead < London < England Plaintiff
Richard Rede (m) Gentleman Oxborough < Norfolk < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 218d

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: 40s
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: William A. claims that John C. owes him 40s arising from the sale of 10 cartloads of hay which JC bought but did not pay for. Damages are claimed at 40s.

Pleading: JC says that he does not owe WA the aforesaid 40s nor any other monies and offers his law, to be made on the morrow of St John the Baptist 1429 (late in Trinity term 1429). Pledges of law are named, as well as pledges for future appearance.

Case notes: photo: 1562

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods St Benet Gracechurch < Bridge Ward < London < England (initial) 06/12/1428
(due) 25/12/1428 < Christmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Chestre (m) Spurrier London < England Defendant
John Cook (m) Chandler London < England Surety for defendant, Surety of law (compurgator)
John Helgerst (m) Hosteler London < England Surety for defendant, Surety of law (compurgator)
John Scot (m) Ferrour Surety for defendant
John Sharnesfeld (m) Pewterer London < England Surety for defendant
William Alberton (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 218d

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Account
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Arbitration; Contract (service/employment); Reckoning of account

Pleading: John B. claims that John G. has not rendered reasonable account concerning the time JG acted as his receiver of monies, namely from Easter 1405 until the feast of St Peter ad Vincula 1405. JB claims that during this period JG received on his behalf, at London, 6m by the hands of a certain Robert H., staying with the duke of Norfolk. Damages are claimed at 100s.

Pleading: JG says that after the time when it is supposed that he acted as JB's receiver, namely at the feast of St John the Baptist 1409, he and JB submitted to arbitration at Upsall, Yorkshire, before arbiters John M. and the late Henry, Lord Scrope. JG says that it was the decision of this arbitration that he ought to give JB one gallon of wine to be quit and thereby be quit towards JB. JG says that he gave this gallon of wine to JB and so seeks judgement etc.

Pleading: JB says that he did not submit to the arbitration of the aforesaid arbiters and seeks inquiry upon the country, and JG seeks likewise. Order to the sheriff of Yorkshire to make a jury come at the quindene of Michaelmas 1429.

Case notes: photo: 1563

Events
Type Place Date
Service/employment Contract St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 19/04/1405
(due) 01/08/1405 < St Peter ad Vincula
Arbitration Upsall < Yorkshire < England (initial) 24/06/1409
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Henry Lescrop (m) Baron Scrope [barony] Arbitrator
John Botiller (m) Selby < Yorkshire < England Plaintiff
John Grene (m) Gentleman Topcliffe < York < England Defendant
John Lake (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Richard Thornburgh (m) Attorney of defendant
Robert Holme (m) Other
Thomas Mowbray (m) Duke Norfolk [dukedom] Other

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 232

Term: Trinity 1429
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Detention of goods; Safe keeping

Pleading: Emma (B.) who was the wife of Thomas B. claims that Oliver B. and Robert B. unjustly detain two bonds. One of these bonds shows that Amy (W.) formerly the wife of John W. is held to EB in £20 at certain terms within written. The other bond shows that EB is held to AW in £20 at certain terms within written. EB says that she delivered these bonds to OB and RB for safe keeping at Westminster, Middlesex, on 16/02/1429, but that OB and RB now refuse to return them. Damages are claimed at £40.

Pleading: OB and RB present these two bonds to the court and say that they are ready to deliver them with the court's decision. However, they say that these bonds were given to them with the mutual assent of EB and AW under certain conditions between EB and AW, and were only to be returned to either EB or AW under certain conditions. OB and RB say that they are ignorant, on the part of AW, as to whether or not these conditions have been met, and ask that AW be forewarned of the bonds' delivery. Therefore, the decision is that the sheriff of Middlesex is to make it known to AW by good and honest men that she is to be at this this court in the octave of St John the Baptist 1429 (late in Trinity term 1429) if she wished to object of EB having livery of the aforesaid bonds etc. Day is given between plaintiff AB and the defendants, OB and RB, in the same term etc.

Postea text: postea 1 - the sheriff of Middlesex returns that AW has nothing in his bailiwick etc. Therefore, just as before, it is ordered that AW be forewarned etc. To be to this court in the morrow of All Souls 1429 (late in Michaelmas term 1429). Day is given between the aforesaid parties in the same term etc.

Postea text: postea 2 - the sheriff of Middlesex returns that AW has nothing in his bailiwick etc. And upon this it is testified that AW has estate in Leicestershire. Therefore, the sheriff of Leicestershire is ordered to forewarn AW by good and honest men etc. To be to this court in Hilary term 1430. Day is given between the aforesaid parties in the same term etc.

Postea text: postea 3 - to this day come plaintiff EB, defendant OB and defendant RB, but AW, who was forewarned, does not come. And the sheriff of Leicestershire returns that it was made known to AW to be at this court by way of... [names of the summoners left blank]... Therefore it is decided that EB ought to have livery of the aforesaid bonds from OB and RB. OB and RB deliver the bonds to EB and are not in mercy because they came on the first day when summoned.

Case notes: photo: 0433

Events
Type Place Date
Safe Keeping Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 16/02/1429
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Amy Wyther (f) Other
Emma Boyvyll (f) Widow Plaintiff
John Wyther (m) Other
Oliver Barley (m) Gentleman London < England Defendant
Robert Baumford (m) Gentleman Westminster < Middlesex < England Defendant
Thomas Boyvyll (m) dec. Other

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 232

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Detention of goods; Safe keeping

Pleading: William S. claims that John H. unjustly detains 200 ells of canvas worth 10m. WS says that on 22/03/1429, at London, he gave this canvas to JH for safe keeping, and that JH now refuses to return it. Damages are claimed at £10.

Pleading: JH says that he does not detain the aforesaid goods nor anything else and offers his law, to be made in the octave of St John the Baptist 1429 (late in Hilary term 1429). Pledges of law are named.

Postea text: postea 1 - defendant JH comes, but plaintiff WS does not come to prosecute his writ. Therefore, defendant JH is without day, and plaintiff WS and his pledges of the prosecution are in mercy.

Case notes: photo: 0432

Events
Type Place Date
Safe Keeping St Andrew Holborn < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 22/03/1429
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Honyburne (m) Labourer London < England Defendant
Richard Thornburgh (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
Robert Ussher (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
William Shethesby (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 232d

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Detention of goods; Safe keeping

Pleading: John B. claims that Walter T unjustly detains two bonds, one of which shows hat a certain Andrew S. is held to JB in £20, and the other of which shows that JB is held to the same AS in £20. JB says that on 13/07/1427, at London, he delivered these bonds to WT for safe keeping, and that WT now refuses to return them. Damages are claimed at £40.

Pleading: WT presents these bonds to the court and says that he is prepared to deliver them with the court's decision. However, WT says that these bonds were given to him with the mutual assent of JB and AS, only to be returned either of the aforesaid JB and AS under certain conditions. WT says that he does not know whether these conditions have been met on the part of AS, and seeks that AS be forewarned of their delivery etc. Therefore it is decided that the sheriff of London is to make it known to AS that he is to be in this court in Michaelmas term 1429 if he wished to object to JB having livery of the aforesaid bonds etc. Day is given between WT and JB in the same term.

Postea text: postea 1 - to this day come WT and JB, and the sheriff of London returns that As has nothing in his bailiwick. And upon this it is testified that AS has estate in the county of Kent. Therefore, order to the sheriff of Kent to make it known to AS to be to this court in Hilary term 1430 etc.

Case notes: photo: 1589

Events
Type Place Date
Safe Keeping St Martin Vintry < Vintry Ward < London < England (initial) 13/07/1427
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Andrew Saghier (m) Kingsdown < Kent < England Other
John Bamburgh (m) Clerk Plaintiff
Richard Thornburgh (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Walter Trethewy (m) Vicar Teynham [church] (lately of) Teynham < Kent < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 232d

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: 100s
Damages awarded: 20s
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: Thomas C. claims that Alexander F. owes him 107s arising from the sale of two bales of madder which AF bough but did not pay for. Damages are claimed at 100s.

Pleading: AF says that he does not owe TC the aforesaid 107s nor any other monies and offers his law, to be made in Michaelmas term 1429. Pledges of law are named. And upon this it is decided that AF's attorney, John G., is to have his master here to make his law in the aforesaid term.

Postea text: postea 1 - plaintiff TC comes but defendant AF does not come. Therefore it is decided that TC is to recover the aforesaid debt versus AF plus 20s damages. AF is in mercy.

Case notes: photo: 1590

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods St Stephen Walbrook < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 30/06/1427
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Alexander Flete (m) Dyer Bristol < Somerset < England Defendant
John Grene (m) Attorney of defendant
Richard Thornburgh (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Canynges (m) Citizen Grocer London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 311

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond); Debt (loan)
Damages claimed: £40
Damages awarded: 73s 4d
Costs: 26s 8d
Case type: Bond; Loan

Pleading: William H. claims that Nicholas B. owes him £40 5s 11d on two bonds and a loan. WH says that on 11/04/1424 he made with NB: a bond in £2119s 7d, due at the feast of the Purification 1425; a bond in £18 6s 3d due at All Saints 1424; and a loan of 1d due at Michaelmas 1424. Damages are claimed at £40. And upon this WH says that the bonds were made at London etc.

Pleading: NB says that he does not owe WH the aforesaid 1d which WH claims to have loaned to him and puts himself upon the country, and WH puts himself likewise. Order to the sheriff of London to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1429. Concerning the two bonds totalling £40 5s 10d, NB says that he ought not be held to these bonds because at the time of their making he was imprisoned by WH and his associates at Norwich, Norfolk.

Pleading: WH says that NB was a free man at the time of the bonds' making and seeks inquiry upon the country, and NB seeks likewise. Order to the sheriff of Norwich to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1429. Pledges are named for the defendant.

Postea text: postea 1 - 'the sheriff' has not done anything, nor has he sent the writ. Therefore, just as before, the sheriff is ordered to make a jury come, in Hilary term 1430.

Postea text: postea 2 - 'the sheriff' has not done anything, nor has he sent the writ. Therefore, just as before, the sheriff is ordered to make a jury come, in Easter term 1430.

Postea text: postea 3 - plaintiff WH come but defendant NB does not come. Therefore a jury is to be taken against him per default. The jury is placed in respite as far as Trinity term 1430, because they did not come.

Postea text: postea 4 - continuance between the parties as far as Michaelmas 1430 unless the case is first heard before justice John C. on 01/08/1430 at the Guildhall in Norwich.

Postea text: postea 5 - to this day (Michaelmas 1430) comes WH, by his attorney, and justice JC sends record of the case, as heard at assize in the guild hall of Norwich on 01/08/1430 before justice JB and associate justice Richard W. To that day came WH, but NB made default. A jury also came, and said on oath that NB was indeed a free man at the time of the aforesaid bonds' making. Therefore the decision was that WH should recover the aforesaid £40 5s 10d debt plus 13s 4d in damages and 26s 8d for costs, as assessed by the jury. And upon this WH asked the justices in increase his award for damages, and they thus award him an additional 60s. Therefore WH is to recover the aforesaid £40 5s 10d per the bonds, plus the a total of 100s costs and damages.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Lawrence Jewry < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 11/04/1424
(due) 02/02/1425 < Blessed Virgin Mary, Purification of
Loan St Lawrence Jewry < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 11/04/1424
(due) 29/09/1424 < Michaelmas
Bond St Lawrence Jewry < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 11/04/1424
(due) 01/11/1424 < All Saints
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Bartholomew Styward (m) Gentleman Norwich < Norfolk < England Surety for defendant
John Bee (m) Gentleman Norwich < Norfolk < England Surety for defendant
John Bour (m) Gentleman Cawston < Norfolk < England Surety for defendant
John Cottesmore (m) Justice Norwich, Assize [court] Justice
Nicholas Brethenham (m) Chapman Norwich < Norfolk < England Defendant
Richard Weltden (m) Justice Norwich, Assize [court] Justice
Robert Quynaton (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Hales (m) Citizen Mercer London < England Plaintiff
William Kyrkeby (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 318

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Ralph L. claims that Thomas H. owes him £4 4s 4d on a bond. Damages are claimed at £10. Bond shown in court. And upon this RL says that the bond was made at London [parish and ward left blank].

Pleading: TH, citing the statute of Additions and its requirement that the original writ must state the defendant's place of residence at the time of the writ's making, says that on the day of the making of the original writ he was residing at Cotton near Northampton, and not at Northampton as stated in the writ. Therefore, TH seeks judgment on the writ.

Pleading: RL says that his action ought not cease, as on the day of the writ's making, namely [date left blank] the aforesaid TH was residing at Northampton, as stated in the writ, and seeks inquiry upon the country. TH seeks likewise. Pledges are named for the defendant.

Case notes: photo: 0603; related to other case on same rotulet

Events
Type Place Date
Bond London < England (initial) 12/08/1426
(due) 11/11/1426 < Martinmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
[omitted] [omitted] (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Blakwell (m) Yeoman Westminster < Middlesex < England Surety for defendant
John Petyfer (m) Gentleman Everdon < Northamptonshire < England Surety for defendant
Philip Asheby (m) Ashton < Northamptonshire < England Surety for defendant
Ralph Lovell (m) Citizen Mercer London < England Plaintiff
Richard Graunt (m) Gentleman Everdon < Northamptonshire < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Hogekyn (m) Mercer Northampton < Northamptonshire < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 318

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Ralph L. claims that John E. owes him £4 4s 4d on a bond. Damages are claimed at £10. Bond shown in court. And upon this RL says that the bond was made in London [parish and ward left blank].

Pleading: JE, citing the statute of additions and its requirement that the original writ must state the defendant's place of residence at the time of the writ's making, says that on the day of the making of the original writ he was residing at Cotton near Northampton, and not at Northampton, as is stated in the writ. Therefore, JE seeks judgment on the writ.

Pleading: RL says that his action ought not be stopped because on the day of the writ's making, namely [date left blank] the aforesaid JE was residing at Northampton, just as is stated in the writ, and seeks inquiry upon the country. JE seeks likewise. Pledges are named for the defendant.

Case notes: photos: 0604 and 1762; related to other case on same rotulet

Events
Type Place Date
Bond London < England (initial) 12/08/1326
(due) 11/11/1426 < Martinmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
[omitted] [omitted] (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Blakwell (m) Yeoman Westminster < Middlesex < England Surety for defendant
John Everdon (m) Glover Northampton < Northamptonshire < England Defendant
John Petyfer (m) Gentleman Everdon < Northamptonshire < England Surety for defendant
Philip Asheby (m) Gentleman Ashton < Northamptonshire < England Surety for defendant
Ralph Lovell (m) Citizen Mercer London < England Plaintiff
Richard Graunt (m) Gentleman Everdon < Northamptonshire < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 320

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Assault

Pleading: John H. claims that at London on 10/07/1428 William I., John L., John R., and Thomas S. assaulted him with force and arms, threatening his life and limbs, so that he dare not go about his business and feared to walk the streets openly from the day of the trespass until the day of the making of his original writ on [date left blank]. Damages are claimed at £20.

Pleading: William I., John L., John R., and Thomas S. say that they are innocent and put themselves upon the country, and JH puts himself likewise. Order to the sheriff of London to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1429.

Case notes: photo: 1766

Events
Type Place Date
Assault St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 10/07/1428
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Haley (m) Plaintiff
John Lucoke (m) Tailor Coventry < Warwickshire < England Defendant
John Radley (m) Tailor Coventry < Warwickshire < England Defendant
Thomas Hareward (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Sperepoynt (m) Tailor Coventry < Warwickshire < England Defendant
William Illage (m) Taverner Coventry < Warwickshire < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 331

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £100
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Richard P. claims that John T. owes him £100 on a bond. Damages are claimed at £100. Bond shown in court.

Pleading: JT defends and seeks licence to imparl as far as Michaelmas term 1429, with the assent of RP.

Postea text: 3 further licences to imparl, to the quindene of Easter 1431.

Case notes: photo: 630

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 10/02/1427
(due) 04/04/1428 < Easter
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Tretherf (m) Trethurffe < Cornwall < England Defendant
Richard Penpons (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 336

Term: Trinity 1429
County: Surrey
Writ type: Other
Damages claimed: -
Case type: Housebreaking; Real action / rents / damage to real estate; Taking of goods; Trespass (chattels)

Pleading: A jury of twenty-four knights of Walton-on-Thames come to recognise whether the jurors in a certain inquisition, lately taken before the lord king by writ between Edward Lustyll and John Hunt (on the one part) and Thomas Rydell, Richard Theccher, John Smyth, Adam Cosham, John Burys, and John Crokford (on the other part) concerning a certain trespass, made false oath, as Thomas Rydell has complained. On this came Thomas Rydell, by attorney, as well as Edward Lustyll and John Hunt in person, and similarly come the twelve jurors of the original inquest, namely John Dogell, Thomas Vyncent, Roger Brokere, John Wylkens of Weston, John Vyncent, William Payn, Adam Tymme, Geofrey atte Hoke of Thames Ditton, John atte Hoke of Hook, Adam Grovere, Alexander Hoke and Geoffrey atte Hoke of Hook, in person. Lustyll and Hunt, as well as the 12 original jurors, seek to hear the writ of attaint, as well as the record from which it emanated, and these are read [recited in full] Pleas before the king, at Westminster, Michaelmas term 1428, rot 32. Richard Theccher, etc, were attached to answer EL and JH on plea that on 6 May 1428 they forcibly broke their close and house at Walton-on-Thames, and took and carried away goods and chattels worth 40s, namely 12 carts of timber, and destroyed their grass worth 100s with their animals, against the peace and to their damage of £20. RT etc denied acting against the peace, and taking all the goods and chattels; parties on country. Concerning the breaking of the close and the destruction of the crops, RT etc, protesting that the grass was not of such great value as claimed, state that Lustyll and Hunt ought not have their action, as before the time of the supposed trespass, Richard Crasselowe was seised of a messuage, 100 acres of land and 6 acres of meadow in Walton-on-Thames (of which the site of the alleged trespass is a parcel), in his demesne as of fee, until he was unjustly disseised by a certain John Halyday and his wife Alice. Afterwards, RC, by the name Richard Kerselawe, formerly rector of Byfleet, by a document which RT etc show in court, dated at Walton on 31 August 1362, granted and quit-claimed to John Halyday and Alice and the heirs of Alice all the rights which he had by purchase or otherwise in this property. John Halyday later died, as did Alice, after which the property descended to John Crokford, as kinsman and heir of Alice, namely son of William, son of Agnes, sister of Alice. However, Hugh Halyday, claiming the property as brother and heir of John Halyday, supposing John Halyday to have died without heirs of his body seised of the said property, entered the property and enfeoffed Lustyll and Hunt and their heirs in perpetuity. By virtue of this Lustyll and Hunt were seised in their demesne as of fee, and JC, with RT, etc as his servants and on his orders, at the time of the alleged trespass simply entered into possession and grazed their animals, as seemed right. Lustyll and Hunt stated that they ought not be precluded from their action on the breaking of this close and the destruction of their crops, since, protesting that RC did not make this release as claimed, but that Alice wrote and sealed this without the knowledge of RC or John Halyday, and that RC, long before this counterfeit document was made, granted this property to John and Alice for their lives, with remainder to Hugh H, as brother and heir of John H. By virtue of this, John and Alice were in possession for their lives, and after their deaths Hugh H entered and was seised in his demesne as of fee. Hugh H then later died, and the property descended to John Halyday, as kinsman and heir, namely son of John, son of Hugh, which estate the said Lustyll and Hunt had at the time of the said trespass. RT etc, not acknowledging anything said by Lustyll and Hunt, state that Joan, former countess of Hereford, before the time of the alleged trespass, demised the property to the said Hugh H, to hold at the will of the countess, by which Hugh H was in possession, and died in this possession, and Hugh H did not die possessed in the form claimed by Lustyll and Hunt. Lustyll and Hunt state that Hugh H died seised as they alleged. Parties on country, jury here on the morrow of Martinmas then next. Process continued, jury in respite to quindene of Hilary then next, when parties came, jury said that RT etc were responsible for taking and carrying away the goods specified in the writ, as claimed by Lustyll and Hunt. They also state that Hugh H was seised of this property in his demesne as of fee, and died seised as Lustyll and Hunt claimed. Damages and costs assigned to Lustyll and Hunt at 8m. Order that Lustyll and Hunt recover damages against RT, etc, at 8m. RT etc to be taken. Having heard this, Lustyll and Hunt and the jurors of the first inquest seek that Rydell specify the false oath.

Pleading: Rydell states that the 12 jurors made false oath, in that they said Rydell was responsible for taking and carrying away the goods and chattels when he was not, and also in that they said that Hugh H was seised of the property in his demesne as of fee, and died thus seised, since he says that Joan, formerly countess of Hereford, before the time of the supposed trespass, demised the property to Hugh H to hold at her will, and Hugh died in this possession. They also made false oath in the assessment of the damages.

Pleading: Lustyll and Hunt and the said jurors state that the jurors made good oath in all matters. Parties place themselves on the jury of 24 knights. Jury remain to the octave of Michaelmas, as jury did not come. Sheriff to distrain them. Same day given to all parties.

Postea text: 3 posteas, all parties came, jury of 24 knights in respite to the morrow of All Souls, octave of Hilary and [omitted].

Events
Type Place Date
Destruction of Chattels
House-breaking
Taking of Goods
Walton-on-Thames < Surrey < England (initial) 06/05/1428
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Adam Cosham (m) Husbandman Walton-on-Thames < Surrey < England Defendant
Adam Grovere (m) Juror
Adam Tymme (m) Juror
Agnes Crokford (f) dec. Other
Alexander Hoke (m) Juror
Alice Halyday (f) dec. Hersham < Surrey < England Other
Edward Lustyll (m) Plaintiff
Geoffrey atte Hoke (m) Hook < Surrey < England Juror
Geoffrey atte Hoke (m) Ditton < Surrey < England Juror
Hugh Halyday (m) dec. Other
Joan Bohun (f) dec. Countess Hereford [earldom] Other
John atte Hoke (m) Hook < Surrey < England Juror
John Burys jnr (m) Yeoman Walton-on-Thames < Surrey < England Defendant
John Crokford (m) Husbandman Weybridge < Surrey < England Defendant
John Dogell (m) Juror
John Halyday (m) dec. Other
John Halyday (m) dec. Hersham < Surrey < England Other
John Halyday (m) Other
John Hunt (m) Plaintiff
John Smythe (m) Husbandman Walton-on-Thames < Surrey < England Defendant
John Vyncent (m) Juror
John Waleys (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Wylkens (m) Weston < Surrey < England Juror
Richard Kerselawe alias Richard Crasselowe (m) Rector Byfleet [church] (lately of) Byfleet < Surrey < England Other
Richard Theccher (m) Husbandman Ham < Surrey < England Defendant
Roger Brokere (m) Juror
Thomas Rydell (m) Draper London < England Defendant
Thomas Vyncent (m) Juror
William Crokford (m) dec. Other
William Payn (m) Juror

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 370

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Account
Damages claimed: 100m
Case type: Contract (general); Reckoning of account

Pleading: Thomas S., Robert H., Thomas P., and Thomas K., executors of the will of William P., claim that Thomas R. ought to render to them reasonable account concerning the time he acted as receiver of monies for the late WP. TS, RH, TP, and TK claim that in Michaelmas 1423 (29/09/1423) the late WP made TR his receiver of monies from the aforesaid Michaelmas 1423 as far as the feast of Michaelmas 1426 (29/09/1426), during which time TR received on behalf of the late WP at London: 46s 8d per the hands of Thomas Godeshalf; 46s 8d per the hands of William W.; 30s per the hands of Adam B.; 25s per the hands of William S.; £16 per the hands of Thomas Goddesbrook; 13s 4d per the hands of Richard B.; 11m per the hands of Thomas W.; 20s per the hands of John M.; 40s per the hands of Nicholas N.; and 6m per the hands of John B. Plaintiffs TS, RH, TP, and TK say that TR did not render reasonable account concerning these to the late WP, nor has he rendered reasonable account to them. Damages are claimed at 100m. TS, RH, TP, and TK present letters testamentary to the court showing them as executors of the late WP.

Pleading: TR says that the action against him ought not continue because after the time aforesaid when it is supposed he acted as receiver, he had a full accounting, during the lifetime of WP, namely at York, Yorkshire, on 04/11/1426, before the aforesaid TK and Thomas Godeshalf, auditors of the account WP. Concerning this TR puts himself upon the country, and the plaintiffs, TS, RH, TP, and TK, put themselves likewise. Order to the sheriff of York to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1429.

Case notes: photo: 0723

Events
Type Place Date
Contract (not Service/employment) St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Within < London < England (initial) 29/09/1423
(due) 29/09/1426 < Michaelmas
Accounting York < Yorkshire < England (initial) 04/11/1426
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Adam Bekwyth (m) Other
John Barton (m) Other
John Morton (m) Other
Nicholas Northfolk (m) Other
Richard Bryan (m) Other
Richard Thornburgh (m) Attorney of defendant
Robert Holme (m) Executor, Plaintiff
Thomas Fox (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Goddesbrook (m) Other
Thomas Godeshalf (m) Other
Thomas Kirkeby (m) Executor, Plaintiff
Thomas Preston (m) Executor, Plaintiff
Thomas Roderham (m) Merchant York < Yorkshire < England Defendant
Thomas Smyth (m) Executor, Plaintiff
Thomas Whitehond (m) Other
William Preston (m) dec. Testator
William Suaweball (m) Other
William Watson (m) Other

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 370

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Taking of goods

Pleading: Roger lord of Camoys claims that on 20/05/1428 Robert F. used force arms to seize and carry off his goods and chattels at London to the value of £40. The goods taken were, namely: one outer garment (togam) of damask of black colour furred with marten; one outer garment of black woollen cloth furred with marten; one scarlet outer garment furred with marten; and one outer garment of blue woollen cloth furred with marten. Damages are claimed at £40.

Pleading: RF says that he is innocent and puts himself upon the country, and RC puts himself likewise. Order to the sheriff of London to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1429.

Case notes: photo: 0723

Events
Type Place Date
Taking of Goods Aldgate Ward < London < England (initial) 20/05/1428
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Pokelyngton (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Robert Falowefeld (m) Tailor London < England Defendant
Roger Camoys (m) Lordsec Plaintiff
Thomas Wakefeld (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 370d

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Detention of goods; Safe keeping

Pleading: Robert P. claims that Frances S. unjustly detains two bonds, one which shows that a certain Paul Morell is held to RP in £10, and the other which shows that RP is held to the same PM in £10, payable at certain terms contained within the same bonds. RP says that he gave these bonds to FS for safe keeping at London [parish and ward left blank] on 29/10/1427, and that FS now refuses to return them. Damages are claimed at £20.

Pleading: FS presents these bonds to the court and says that he is prepared to deliver them with the court's decision. However, FS says that these bonds were given to him with the mutual assent of RP and PM, only to be returned either of the aforesaid RP and PM uncertain conditions. FS says that he is ignorant, on the part of PM, as to whether those conditions have been met, and seeks that PM be forewarned of the bonds' return etc. Therefore the sheriff of London is ordered to make it known to PM by good and hones men that he is to be at this court in Michaelmas term 1429 if he wishes to object to RP having livery etc. RP and FS are given day in the same term.

Postea text: postea 1 - the sheriff of London does not send the writ and so the case is forwarded as far as the morrow of All Souls 1429 (late in Michaelmas term 1429.

Case notes: photo: 1883

Events
Type Place Date
Safe Keeping London < England (initial) 29/10/1427
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Frances Serayle (m) Merchant London < England Defendant
Paul Morell (m) Merchant Florence < Foreign < Italy Other
Robert Page (m) Lechlade < Gloucestershire < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 370d

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Damages awarded: 20s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: William C. and Lawrence P. claim that Luke C. owes them £40 as the unpaid residue of a £96 bond. WC and LP say that they made this bond with LC on 'the 14th day of February of the year 1420, eighth year of the reign of Henry V' [this has been interpreted here by the regnal year as 14/02/1421] and was payable in payments of: £40 in the feast of the nativity of St John the Baptist next following (24/06/1421); £40 in the feast of St Peter ad Vincula next following (01/08/1421); and £16 in the feast of Michaelmas then next following (29/09/1421). WC and LP acknowledge that they have been satisfied concerning the £56 of the aforesaid £96. Damages are claimed at £20. And upon this WC and LP say that the bond was made at London etc.

Pleading: LC defends and seeks licence to imparl as far as Michaelmas term 1429. Pledges are named for the defendant.

Pleading: [Further information drawn from CP40/675 rot.311 (photo: 0641)] LC says that the force of the bond ought not hold because after its making the aforesaid WC gave him a release concerning all personal actions between them. LC presents this release to the court, which has been made at Marazion, Cornwall, in the presence of John T., Robert T., John M., and others in the feast of the apostles Peter and Paul 1428 (29/06/1426).

Pleading: WC and LP say that the release is not of WC,s making and seek inquiry upon the country, and LC seeks likewise. Order to the sheriff of Cornwall to make a jury come in Hilary term 1430.

Postea text: postea 1 - the sheriff of Cornwall does not send the writ and so the case is forwarded as far as Easter term 1430.

Postea text: postea 2 - continuance between the parties as far as Michaelmas term 1434.

Postea text: postea 3 - plaintiffs WC and LP come but LC does not come. Therefore, the decision is that WC and LP are to recover the aforesaid debt versus LC plus damages assessed by the court at 20s. LC is in mercy.

Case notes: photo: 1884; Further information drawn from CP40/675 rot.311 (photo: 0641).

Events
Type Place Date
Release (from Debt/obligation) Marazion < Cornwall < England (initial) 29/06/1428
Bond St Mary Woolnoth < Langbourn Ward < London < England (initial) 14/02/1421
(due) 24/06/1421 < St John the Baptist, Nativity of
(due) 01/08/1421 < St Peter ad Vincula
(due) 29/09/1421 < Michaelmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Edward FitzSymond (m) Gentleman Camberwell < Surrey < England Surety for defendant
John Feron (m) Gentleman Bedford < Bedfordshire < England Surety for defendant
John Loughton (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Malpas (m) Witness
John Trewenard (m) Witness
Lawrence Pycot (m) Dunstable < Bedfordshire < England Plaintiff
Luke Coterell (m) Woolman Hitchin < Hertfordshire < England Defendant
Robert Trewenard (m) Witness
William Cambrigge (m) Gentleman Market Harborough < Leicestershire < England Surety for defendant
William Coterell (m) Dunstable < Bedfordshire < England Plaintiff
William Halle (m) Gentleman Shillington < Bedfordshire < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 418

Term: Trinity 1429
County: Essex
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: 10m
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: Robert G. claims that Thomas F. owes him £7 arising from the sale of 20 quarters of wheat which TF bought but did not pay for. Damages are claimed at 10m.

Pleading: TF says that he does not owe RG the aforesaid £7 nor any other monies and offers his law, to be made at the quindene of Michaelmas 1429. Pledges of law named.

Case notes: photo: 0820

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods Havering-atte-Bower < Essex < England (initial) 19/08/1426
(due) 25/12/1426 < Christmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Broun (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
Philip Hill (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
Robert Gippo snr (m) Plaintiff
Thomas Frankes (m) Clerk London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 440

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 40m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John S. claims that John L., executor of the will of Hugh L., owes him £23 2s 2d on a bond made between JS himself and the late HL. Damages are claimed at 40m.

Pleading: JL says that he ought not be held to the aforesaid bond because at the time of the making of JS's original writ full administration had already been made of the goods and chattels which belonged to the late HL at the time of his death.

Pleading: JS says that on the day of the making of his original writ, namely 21/10/1428, JL had diverse un-administered goods of the late HL, sufficient to satisfy the debt, at Southwark and elsewhere in the country of Surrey. JS seeks inquiry upon the country and JL seeks likewise. Order to the sheriff of Surrey to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1429.

Case notes: photo: 867

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Magnus the Martyr < Bridge Ward < London < England (initial) 04/02/1427
(due) 25/12/1427 < Christmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Hugh Luterell (m) dec. Knight Dunster < Somerset < England Testator
John Luterell (m) Esquire Dunster < Somerset < England Defendant, Executor
John Sadiller (m) Citizen Vintner London < England Plaintiff
Martin Jacob (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 457d

Term: Trinity 1429
County: Gloucestershire
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond

Pleading: William S. claims that Thomas L. and his wife Joan L., who is herself the executor and former wife of John C., owe him 4m per a bond made between WS and the late JC. WS says that although he requested this money from JC, from JL after JC's death, and from JL and TL together since their marriage, he has not been paid. Damages are claimed at £10. Bond shown in court. And upon this WS says that the bond was made at Down Hanham, Gloucestershire.

Pleading: TL and JL say that the ought not be held to the bond because JL never made administration of the goods or chattels of the late JC as executor of his will etc.

Pleading: WS says that JL made administration of diverse goods and chattels of the late JC as executor of his will, namely at Down Hanham and elsewhere in the county of Gloucestershire. WS seeks inquiry upon the country and the defendants, TL and JL, seek likewise. Order to the sheriff of Gloucestershire to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1429.

Postea text: postea 1 - continuance between the parties as far as Easter term 1430 unless the case is first heard at the assize of Gloucester on 13/03/1430.

Postea text: postea 2 - to this day (Easter term 1430) comes WS, and the justices of assize send this record of the case as heard at assize. The case was heard at the assize of Gloucestershire on 13/03/1430 before justices John H. and Thomas R. To that day came plaintiff WS, but the defendants, TL and JL did not come. Therefore the jury was taken against TL and JL per default. And, the jury said on oath that JL had administered diverse goods and chattels of the late JC as his executor, namely: 20s in cash money; two outer garments (togas), one 'furred with grey' and one furred with black lamb's wool, worth 100s; 2 copper/brass jars worth 10s; two copper/brass plates worth 6 ...d [pence damaged]; and one woman's saddle (sellam muliebrem) worth 13s 4d; all at Down Hanham ...[damaged]... elsewhere in the same county as alleged by WS. Therefore WS is to recover the aforesaid debt plus damages of 40s from the said goods and chattels of the late JC in the hands of TL and JL, and if the goods and chattels of the late JC are insufficient then from the goods and chattels of TL and JL themselves. TL and JL are in mercy.

Postea text: postea 3 - 10/10/1430 WH acknowledges that he has been satisfied concerning the aforesaid debt and damages. Therefore, TL and JL are quit.

Case notes: photo: 2066

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Down Hanham < Gloucestershire < England (initial) 15/03/1423
(due) 18/04/1423
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Joan Leycestre (f) London < England Defendant, Executor
John Chesebrok (m) dec. Gentleman Oldland < Gloucestershire < England Testator
John Godstone (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Hales (m) Justice Gloucester, Assize [court] Justice
Thomas Leycestre (m) Grocer London < England Defendant
Thomas Rolf (m) Justice Gloucester, Assize [court] Justice
William Smyth (m) Down Hanham < Gloucestershire < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 464d

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Case type: Bond

Pleading: William M. claims that John Colvyle lately of Normanby (Yorkshire) and his wife Isabel Colvyle, herself executor and lately wife of John Colvyle of Dale Town (Yorkshire, owe him £13 18s. WM says that on 14/04/1418 he and his wife Joan M. made a bond with the late John Colvyle of Dale Town in £6 10s 9d, payable to the same WM and JM in Michaelmas 1418 (29/09/1418). WM also says that on the same 14/04/1418 he and his wife JM made another bond with the late John Colvyle of Dale Town in £6 10s 9d, payable to the same WM and JM in Christmas 1418 (25/12/1418). WM says that the late John Colvyle de Dale town did not pay these bonds before his death, nor did IC pay them as his executor whilst she was a single woman, not have IC and John Colvyle lately of Normanby paid this debt. Damages are claimed at £20. Bonds shown in court.

Pleading: John Colvyle lately of Normanby and IC say that the late John Colvyle of Dale Town died in Yorkshire, and named as executors in his will the aforesaid IC and a certain Thomas R., which same TR is still living and made administration of diverse goods and chattels of the late John Colvyle of Dale Town located at 'Bodyll', Northumberland (Patronymica Britannica [1860], p.32 says a manor existed by this name). John Colvyle lately of Normanby and IC say that they are prepared to verify this and seek judgement on the writ.

Pleading: WM says that TR did not make administration of any of the goods or chattels of the late John Colvyle of Dale Town as executor and seeks inquiry on the country, and the defendants John Colvyle lately of Normanby and IC, seek likewise. Order to the sheriff of Northumberland to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1429. Pledges are named for the defendant.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Mary Magdalen, Milk Street < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 14/04/1418
(due) 25/12/1418 < Christmas
Bond St Mary Magdalen, Milk Street < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 14/04/1418
(due) 29/09/1418 < Michaelmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Isabel Colvyle (f) (lately of) Normanby < Yorkshire < England Defendant, Executor
Joan Maltny (f) Silkwoman London < England Creditor
John Burgh (m) Gentleman Burrow < Lancashire < England Surety for defendant
John Colvyle (m) dec. Dale Town < Yorkshire < England Testator
John Colvyle (m) Gentleman (lately of) Normanby < Yorkshire < England Defendant
Richard Thornburgh (m) Gentleman Ripon < Yorkshire < England Surety for defendant
Robert Ben (m) Gentleman York < Yorkshire < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Robys (m) Executor
William Kirkeby (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Maltby (m) Citizen Mercer London < England Plaintiff
William Stillyngton (m) Gentleman York < Yorkshire < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 485

Term: Trinity 1429
County: Worcestershire
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Damages awarded: []
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Nicholas B. claims that Robert O. owes him £8 17s 4d as the unpaid residue of a £11 11s 8d bond. NB acknowledges that he has been satisfied of the other 49s 4d of the original £11 11s 8d [sic], but although he has often requested the remaining £8 17s 4d he has not been paid. Damages claimed at £20. Bond shown in court. And upon this NB says that the bond was made at Worcester.

Pleading: RO defends and seeks licence to imparl to Michaelmas three weeks. Pledges named for the defendant.

Postea text: postea 1 - plaintiff NB comes, but defendant RO does not come. Therefore RO is in default. Order that NB recover the debt, plus damages of [lost] as assessed by the court. RO to be taken.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Worcester < Worcestershire < England (initial) 05/02/1426
(due) 23/04/1426 < St George
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Lye (m) Gentleman Pershore < Worcestershire < England Surety for defendant
John H[...] (m) Gentleman Mitton < Worcestershire < England Surety for defendant
Nicholas Busshe (m) Citizen Merchant London < England Plaintiff
Robert Overbury (m) Taverner Worcester < Worcestershire < England Defendant
Thomas Wakefeld (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Laueraunce (m) Gentleman Worcester < Worcestershire < England Surety for defendant
William Tommes (m) Gentleman Himbleton < Worcestershire < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 508d

Term: Trinity 1429
County: Kent
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: John B. claims that Richard A. owes him £8 3s 8d arising from the sale of cloth which RA bought but did not pay for, namely: one piece of linen cloth containing 12 ells; 24 ells of Flemish cloth; one roll of cotton and a half piece of Fustian; 12 ells of Flemish cloth; 12 ells of Brabant cloth; 3 pieces of 'parish coverchiefs'; one piece of Paris; two folds of lawn; 12 ells of 'Buntelcloth' (? bolting cloth); 2 folds of lawn; 12 ells of Flemish cloth; 12 ells of Brabant cloth; 12 yards of Norfolk cloth; 11 yards of Norfolk cloth; 12 yards of Southwick cloth; and 12 yards of Flemish cloth. Damages claimed at 100s.

Pleading: RA says that he does not owe JB the aforesaid £8 3 8d nor any other monies and puts himself upon the country, and JB puts himself likewise. Order to the sheriff of Kent to make a jury come at the quindene of Michaelmas.

Case notes: photo: 2170

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods Sevenoaks < Kent < England (initial) 13/03/1424
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Baude (m) Citizen Mercer London < England Plaintiff
Richard Aleyn (m) Chapman Sevenoaks < Kent < England Defendant
Thomas Mullyng (m) Attorney of defendant
William Mathewe (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 514

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Damages awarded: 13s 4d
Costs: 4m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Richard C. claims that John G. owes him £12 per a bond. Damages are claimed at £10. Bond shown in court. And upon this RC says that the bond was made at London etc.

Pleading: JG says that the bond is not of his making and puts himself upon the country, and RC puts himself likewise. Order to the sheriff of London to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1429. Pledges are named for the defendant. The bond is given to chief clerk Robert D. for safe keeping.

Postea text: postea 1 - to this day come both JG and RC, and the jury is placed in respite as far as Michaelmas term in one month (late in Michaelmas term 1429).

Postea text: postea 2 - plaintiff RC comes but defendant JG does not come, and so a jury is to be taken against JG per default. JG is to be arrested. The jury is placed in respite as far as the octave of the Purification of St Mary 1430 (09/02/1430) unless the case should first be heard before chief justice William B. at the assize of St Martin le Grand on Thursday next after the feast of the Purification of St Mary 09/02/1430.

Postea text: postea 3 - 06/02/1430 the bond is delivered to chief justice WB for consideration by a jury etc. and chief clerk RD is quit of it.

Postea text: postea 4 - 13/02/1430 chief justice WB delivers the bond to chief clerk RD and so is quit of it.

Postea text: postea 5 - 30/05/1430 the bond is delivered to chief justice WB for consideration by a jury etc. and chief clerk RD is quit of it.

Postea text: postea 6 - continuance, placing the jury in respite as far as the quindene of St John the Baptist (08/07/1430 - late in Trinity term), unless the case should first be heard before chief justice WB at the assize of St Martin le Grand on ...[damaged]... next before the feast of the translation of the martyr St Thomas (the feast day being 07/07/1430).

Postea text: postea 7 - to this day (the quindene of St John the Baptist 1430) comes RC in his own person, and chief justice WB (sends)....[damaged]... record of the case as heard at the assize of St Martin le Grand on he day aforesaid before chief justice WB himself, and associate justice William Croston. To that assize came a jury which was taken against defendant JG per default. This jury said on oath the at the bond was made by JG and therefore decided that RC ought to recover the debt plus damages of 13s 4d and costs of 4m.

Case notes: photo: 1016 & 1017

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Mary Magdalen, Old Fish Street < Castle Baynard Ward < London < England (initial) 14/05/1427
(due) 01/08/1427 < St Peter ad Vincula
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Giles Parker (m) Brewer Southwark < Surrey < England Surety for defendant
John Grene (m) Yeoman Streatham < Surrey < England Defendant
Richard Catermaynes (m) Plaintiff
Robert Darcy (m) Chief Clerk Common Pleas [court] Clerk
Walter Castell (m) Yeoman Tooting < Surrey < England Surety for defendant
Walter Piers (m) Husbandman Croydon < Surrey < England Surety for defendant
William Babyngton (m) Chief Justice St Martin Le Grand, Assize [court] Justice
William Croston (m) Justice St Martin Le Grand, Assize [court] Justice
William Shirlond (m) Baker Southwark < Surrey < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 514

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Detention of goods; Safe keeping

Pleading: John S. and his wife Emma S. claim that Emma S., whilst a single woman, delivered goods and chattels to the value to the value of £40 to John C. for safe keeping at London on 08/09/1428. JS and ES say that ES later requested the return of these items whilst a single woman, and that JS and ES have also requester their return since marriage, but that JC refuses to return them. The items are namely: 6 silver cups (ciphos); 2 silver gilt and bound mazers, and three silver gilt cups. Damages are claimed at £40.

Pleading: JC says that he does not detain the aforesaid items nor anything else from JS and ES, and offers his law, to be made in Michaelmas term 1429. Pledges of law are named.

Case notes: photo: 1016

Events
Type Place Date
Safe Keeping Holy Trinity the Less < Queenhithe Ward < London < England (initial) 08/09/1428
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Emma Squyrry (f) Plaintiff
John Cavndysh (m) Embroiderer London < England Defendant
John Squyrry (m) Plaintiff
Rotelandus Cavndysh (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
Thomas Cavndysh (m) Surety of law (compurgator)

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 514d

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: 20m
Case type: Abduction

Pleading: John R. claims that on 11/04/1429 at London Thomas S. abducted his servant, William D., so that JR was without WD's service for one month then next following, to JR's loss of 100s. Damages are claimed at 20m.

Pleading: TS says that he is innocent and puts himself upon the country, and JR puts himself likewise. Order to the sheriff of London to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1429.

Case notes: photo: 2182; Related to other case on same membrane

Events
Type Place Date
Abduction St Andrew Undershaft < Aldgate Ward < London < England (initial) 11/04/1429
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Roys (m) Plaintiff
John Waleys (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Stok (m) Stockfishmonger London < England Defendant
William Dunnyng (m) Servant Other

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 514d

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Debt (account)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Reckoning of account

Pleading: William D. claims that Thomas S. owes him £7 as determined by a reckoning of the account between them before auditors John E. and Thomas B. concerning diverse sums of money and receipts of WD, received by TS etc. Damages are claimed at 100s.

Pleading: TS says that he does not owe WD the aforesaid £7 nor any other monies and puts himself upon the country, and WD puts himself likewise. Order to the sheriff of London to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1429.

Case notes: photo: 2182; Related to other case on same membrane

Events
Type Place Date
Accounting St Martin Orgar < Bridge Ward < London < England (initial) 20/03/1429
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Elyngham (m) Auditor
John Waleys (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Broun (m) Auditor
Thomas Stok (m) Stockfishmonger London < England Defendant
William Dunnyng (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 526d

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Account
Damages claimed: 40s
Case type: Contract (general); Reckoning of account

Pleading: John W. claims that Roger P. has not rendered reasonable account concerning the time which RP acted as his receiver of monies at London, namely from the first day of …[damaged]… year 5 Henry VI (regnal year 01/09/1426 to 31/08/1427) as far as the first of February then next following. John W. says that during this time RP received on his behalf 16s per the hands of …[damaged]… White, and also 24s per the hands of John W. himself. Damages are claimed at 40s.

Pleading: RP says that he never acted as JW's receiver and puts himself upon the country, and JW puts himself likewise. Order to the sheriff of London to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1429.

Case notes: photo: 2208

Events
Type Place Date
Contract (not Service/employment) Bread Street Ward < London < England
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
[damaged] White (m) Other
John Wodrove (m) Plaintiff
Roger Petyrnoll (m) Hackneyman St Sepulchre beyond West Smithfield < Middlesex < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 537d

Term: Trinity 1429
County: Buckinghamshire
Writ type: Trespass (against statute)
Damages claimed: £100
Case type: Arbitration; Breach of Statute; Imprisonment; Taking of goods

Pleading: William Strete claims that on 4 June 1426, at Wing in Buckinghamshire, John Pidmyll and John Hertwell conspired together to accuse him of feloniously stealing three horses belonging to JH worth 4m at North Berkhamsted in Hertfordshire on 13 November 1426. This accusation was made before William Fynderne, steward of the honour of Berkhamsted, at the view of frankpledge hallmote held there on the Wednesday in the week of Pentecost (11 June) 1427. WS says that as a result of this accusation he was taken at Westminster on 27 June 1429 [sic, error for 1428?] and imprisoned in the prison of the Marshalsea until he was acquitted on the morrow of Ascension 1430 [sic, error for 1429?]. This was against the form of the ordinance, and to his damage of £100.

Pleading: JP and JH granted licence to imparl to the octave of Michaelmas.

Pleading: [continued at Michaelmas 1429, rot 109] JP and JH deny this trespass as claimed. Parties on country, jury here on the morrow of Martinmas.

Postea text: postea 1 - jury in respite to the octave of Hilary 1430.

Postea text: postea 2 - on this day, parties come, jury also comes. JP and JH state to the justices that proceedings ought not continue, as since the last continuation they and WS have undertaken arbitration at Yeovil, Somerset, on 6 January 1430, before arbiters Peter B. and Nicholas B. on behalf of WS, and arbiters John J. and Bartholomew D. on behalf of JP and JH. These arbiters ordained that WS should not prosecute his action against JP and JH, and that JP and JH ought to pay to WS 10s in amends for that action and all other outstanding issues. JP and JH say that they, immediately after the arbitration, paid WS this 10s in accordance with the arbiters’ decision. WS says that he did not submit to any such arbitration before the aforesaid arbiters. Parties on country, sheriff of Somerset to have jury of Yeovil here at the octave of the Purification 1430.

Postea text: postea 3 - the sheriff of Somerset did not send the writ and so the case is forwarded as far as Easter term 1430.

Case notes: Photo 2231. This rotulet is badly damaged, and many details have been supplied from the continuation, enrolled at Michaelmas 1429 (CP 40/675, rot 109 (photo 0221]]

Events
Type Place Date
Arrest Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 27/06/1429
Arbitration Yeovil < Somerset < England (initial) 06/01/1430
Breach of Statute Wing < Buckinghamshire < England (initial) 04/06/1426
Taking of Goods North Berkhamstead < Hertfordshire < England (initial) 13/11/1426
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Bartholomew Dounton (m) Arbitrator
John Forde (m) Attorney of defendant
John Hertwell (m) Mercer (lately of) London < England Defendant
John Jolyf (m) Arbitrator
John Pidmyll (m) Mercer London < England Defendant
Nicholas Bek (m) Arbitrator
Peter Baker (m) Arbitrator
Thomas Cook (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Fynderne (m) Steward Berkhamsted [honour] Official
William Strete (m) Gentleman Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 550

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Debt (loan); Debt (other)
Damages claimed: 6m
Case type: Loan; Real action / rents / damage to real estate

Pleading: Alice T. widow of Richard Tepeleue, John B., and Thomas G., (al three) together the executors of the will if Richard Tepeleue, claim that Richard R. owes them 6m 6s 8d. AT, JB, and TG say that on Easter day 1428 (04/04/1428) the late Richard Tepeleue, at London in the parish of St Botolph without Bishopsgate, Bishopsgate ward, demised to RR one messuage with appurtenances situated in the same parish, to be held by RR from the same Easter day 1428 as far as Easter day 1429. In exchange RR was to pay the late Richard Tepeleue 6m in rents, due in the feasts of the nativity of St John the Baptist, Michaelmas, Christmas, and Easter in equal portions. Also, on the same Easter day 1428 the late Richard Tepeleue loaned RR 6s 8d, which were to be repaid to Richard Tepeleue upon request. Executors AT, JB and TG say that though often requested RR did not pay these monies to Richard Tepeleue during his lifetime, nor has he paid them to the said executors since Richard Tepeleue's death. Damages are claimed at 6m. AT, JB, and TG present letters testamentary to the court, showing them as executors of the late Richard Tepeleue.

Pleading: RR says that he does not owe the plaintiffs the aforesaid 6m 6s 8d nor any other monies and puts himself upon the country, and the plaintiffs, AT, JB, and TG, put themselves likewise. Pledges are named for the defendant.

Case notes: photo: 1090

Events
Type Place Date
Rental Agreement St Botolph without Bishopsgate < Bishopsgate Ward < London < England (due) < Michaelmas
(due) < St John the Baptist, Nativity of
(due) < Easter
(due) < Christmas
Loan St Botolph without Bishopsgate < Bishopsgate Ward < London < England (initial) 04/04/1428
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Alice Tepeleue (f) Widow London < England Executor, Plaintiff
John Bentle (m) Citizen Brewer London < England Executor, Plaintiff
John Blakwell (m) Yeoman Westminster < Middlesex < England Surety for defendant
John Launde (m) Westminster < Middlesex < England Surety for defendant
Richard Everard (m) Tilemaker Eye < Middlesex < England Surety for defendant
Richard Reoolvere (m) Baker London < England Defendant
Richard Fulmere alias Richard Tepeleue (m) dec. Servant St Paul's Cathedral, London [cathedral] London < England Testator
Robert Threlkeld (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Godyng (m) Citizen Brewer London < England Executor, Plaintiff
Thomas Hynstoke (m) Gentleman St Giles in the Fields < Middlesex < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 550d

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (against statute)
Damages claimed: 40s
Case type: Breach of Statute; Contract (service/employment)

Pleading: William W. claims that, in London on the Sunday after the close of Easter 1429 (10/04/1429) he retained Thomas H. to work for him as a baker as far as Pentecost then next following (15/05/1429). WW says, however, that TH left his service prematurely and without reasonable cause on 01/05/1429 in breach of the statute of labourers and in contempt of the king. Damages are claimed at 40s.

Pleading: TH says that he was not retained by WW for the time aforesaid and puts himself upon the country, and WW puts himself likewise.

Case notes: photo: 2258

Events
Type Place Date
Service/employment Contract St Alban Wood Street < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 10/04/1429
(due) 15/05/1429 < Pentecost
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Bedford (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Hurlebat (m) Baker London < England Defendant
William Wase (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 552

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Arbitration; Taking of goods

Pleading: William R., suing Richard B. and his wife Elizabeth B., claims that EB while a single woman on …[damaged]...day next after Pentecost 1423, used force and arms to seize and carry off his goods and chattels to the value of 9m. The goods taken were namely two pipes of red wine. Damages are claimed at £10.

Pleading: RB and EB say that the action against them ought not continue because after the time of the supposed trespass they and WR submitted to arbitration at Turville, Buckinghamshire, on 03/07/1426, before arbitrators W… Bry..e [badly damaged] and Thomas B. concerning the aforesaid trespass. RB and EB say that these arbiters ordained that RB and EB ought to pay WR 3s 4d [amount faded] to make amends for he aforesaid trespass. RB and EB say that they gave WR this 3s 4d and seek judgement.

Pleading: WR says that he never put himself in arbitration before aforesaid arbiters and concerning the aforesaid trespass and seeks inquiry upon the country, and the defendants, RB and EB, seek likewise. Order to the sheriff of Buckinghamshire to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1429.

Postea text: 2 posteas - both say that the sheriff of Buckinghamshire did not send the writ, forwarding the case as far as Easter term 1430.

Case notes: photo: 1095; Relater to CP40/672 rot.442d.

Events
Type Place Date
Taking of Goods St Nicholas Cole Abbey < Bread Street Ward < London < England
Arbitration Turville < Buckinghamshire < England (initial) 03/07/1426
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Elizabeth Bagot (f) Colnbrook < Middlesex < England Defendant
Richard Bagot (m) Hosteler Colnbrook < Middlesex < England Defendant
Thomas Boucher (m) Arbitrator
W… Bry...e (m) Arbitrator
William Grendon (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Russell (m) Fishmonger London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 552

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Arbitration; Assault

Pleading: Thomas C. claims that on 26/05/1418 Walter H. assaulted him and threatened his life and limbs so that he did not dare go about his business or openly walk the streets, for fear of death, for one whole year next following the assault etc. Damages are claimed at 100s.

Pleading: WH claims that the action against him ought not continue because after the time of the supposed trespass he and TC submitted to arbitration at Great Asby (Ashby), Westmorland on 18 June 1425 before arbiters Nicholas L. and John S. concerning the aforesaid trespass. WH says that these arbiters decided that he should give TC one gown of Kendall, and that he would then be quit towards TC concerning the aforesaid trespass. WH says that he gave TC this outer garment just as the arbiters ordained etc and seeks judgment.

Pleading: TC says that he never placed himself in the arbitration with the aforesaid arbiters and seeks inquiry upon the country, and WH seeks likewise. Order to the sheriff of Westmorland to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1429.

Events
Type Place Date
Assault St Giles without Cripplegate < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 26/05/1418
Arbitration Great Asby < Westmorland < England (initial) 18/06/1425
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Skeyf (m) Arbitrator
Nicholas Loyborn (m) Arbitrator
Thomas Colman (m) Plaintiff
Thomas Marshall (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Walter Horneby (m) Gentleman (lately of) London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 553

Term: Trinity 1429
County: Surrey
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: 20m
Case type: Detention of goods; Safe keeping

Pleading: Henry S. claims that Thomas H. unjustly detains his goods and chattels to the value of £10. HS says that in the feast of All Souls' 1417 (02/11/1417), at Southwark, Surrey, he delivered to TH one silver gilt and bound mazer with one boss of silver and gilt, and 20 ounces of broken silver, for safe keeping until Christmas 1417 (25/12/1417). HS says that though he has often requested the return of these goods TH will not give them back. Damages are claimed at 20m.

Pleading: TH says that he does not detain the aforesaid goods nor does he have anything else (belonging to HS), apart from one ounce of broken silver, and offers to make his law, in Michaelmas term 1429. Pledges of law are named. Concerning the aforesaid one ounce of broken silver, TH says that he has always been prepared to deliver this to HS presents it in the court.

Pleading: HS says that TH, though often asked at Southwark to return this one ounce of silver, was not prepared to return it from the aforesaid Christmas 1417.

Pleading: TH says that he has been prepared to return the said one ounce of silver and puts himself upon the country, and HS puts himself likewise. Order to the sheriff of Surrey to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1429.

Postea text: postea 1 - defendant TH comes but plaintiff HS does not come. Therefore TH is without day. HS and his pledges of prosecution are in mercy.

Events
Type Place Date
Safe Keeping Southwark < Surrey < England (initial) 02/11/1417
(due) 25/12/1417 < Christmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Stephen (m) Plaintiff
Robert Est (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
Thomas Hunt (m) Goldsmith London < England Defendant
Thomas Mullyng (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Walter (m) Surety of law (compurgator)

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 564d

Term: Trinity 1429
County: Worcestershire
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: 100m
Case type: Assault; Sale of goods; Taking of goods

Pleading: Thomas N. and his wife Margery N. claim that on 31 December 1425 Christine B., together with John O., used force and arms to assault MN at Worcester, seizing and carrying off goods and chattels to the value of £40, namely one scarlet gown furred with a hood of 'byse', one sanguine-coloured gown lined with grey, one silver and gilt cup, six silver cups, two with silver lids and the others without, 12 silver spoons, and other household utensils. Damages claimed at 100m.

Pleading: CB denies force and arms; parties on country. Concerning the residue of the supposed trespass, CB, protesting that the aforesaid goods were neither wrongly taken nor as valuable as has been claimed in the writ, says that long before the day of the supposed trespass, whilst MN was a single woman, MN was possessed of the aforesaid goods and chattels. And, whilst so possessed of those goods, MN sold them to CB's late husband Thomas B. at Bedwardine, Worcestershire, for 10m. The same TB then later made CB executor of his will and thereafter died. CB then, by force of the aforesaid sale, as well as by her executry of TB's will, took the aforesaid goods as she had good licence to do. CB says that she did not intend any injury to MN or TN etc.

Pleading: TN and MN say that CB took the aforesaid goods by force and arms, and not otherwise as supposed by CB etc.

Pleading: CB reiterates her claim that MN, whilst a single woman, sold the aforesaid goods to CB's late husband TB in the manner aforesaid etc. and puts herself upon the country, and the plaintiffs, TN and MN put themselves likewise. Order to the sheriff of Worcestershire to make a jury come at the octave of Michaelmas.

Case notes: photo: 2287

Events
Type Place Date
Assault
Taking of Goods
Worcester < Worcestershire < England (initial) 31/12/1425
Sale of Goods Bedwardine < Worcestershire < England
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Christine Bulkeley (f) Widow Worcester < Worcestershire < England Defendant
Henry Legh (m) Attorney of defendant
John Forthey (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Otteley (m) Gentleman (lately of) London < England Accessory
Margery Newman (f) Plaintiff
Thomas Bulkley (m) dec. Testator
Thomas Newman (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 568

Term: Trinity 1429
County: Bristol
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: £100
Case type: Detention of goods

Pleading: Richard N. and his wife Emma N. claim that Richard Brokke, Bartholomew W., and John D., themselves executors of the will of Agmes (B.) who was the wife of Richard Brydon, unjustly detain a certain bag containing charters writings and other muniments. RN and EN say that whilst EN was a single woman, on 06/10/1421, at Bristol, EN delivered this bag containing charters etc. to the late Agnes B. for safe keeping. However, when the same late Agness B. was asked to return this bag with charters etc. she refused; and after the death of Agness B. this same bag with charters etc. passed to her executors (Richard Brokke, BW, and JD), namely on 10/01/1429 at Bristol, but they too have refused to return the bag with charters etc., either to EN whilst she was a single woman or since her marriage to RN. Damages are claimed at £100.

Pleading: The aforesaid executors, Richard Brokke, BW, and JD come and say that they are not able to deny the action of EN and RN, not that the aforesaid bag with charters etc. came into their possession after the death of Agnes B. in the manner aforesaid. They say that they have always been prepared to deliver this bag with charters etc. to RN and EN, and present it in this court. Therefore the decision is that RN and EN are to recover the aforesaid bag with charters etc. The executors, Richard Brokke, BW, and JD, who came on the first day when summoned, are not in mercy. And upon this the executors deliver the bag with charters etc. to RN and EN and so are quit of it.

Case notes: photo: 1126

Events
Type Place Date
Safe Keeping Bristol < Bristol < England (initial) 06/10/1421
Detention of Goods Bristol < Bristol < England (initial) 10/01/1429
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Agnes Brydon (f) dec. Widow Testator
Bartholomew Wynter (m) Husbandman Hackney < Middlesex < England Defendant, Executor
Emma Neuton (f) Plaintiff
John Doraunt (m) Grocer London < England Defendant, Executor
Richard Brokke (m) Husbandman Hackney < Middlesex < England Defendant, Executor
Richard Brydon (m) dec. Other
Richard Neuton (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 569

Term: Trinity 1429
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Housebreaking; Real action / rents / damage to real estate; Taking of goods

Pleading: Adam F. is in mercy for many defaults. Prioress Elizabeth A. claims that on 08/08/1428 Adam F. used force and arms to break her close at Holywell, Middlesex, where he seized and carried of 8 stacks of hay (octo tassos feni) worth 100s, and allowed his horses, cows, and sheep to trample and consume grass lately growing there to the value of 100s. Damages are claimed at £20.

Pleading: Concerning the use of force and arms AF says that he is innocent and puts himself upon the country, and prioress EA puts herself likewise. Concerning the remainder of the supposed trespass, AF, protesting that the goods involved were not of as great a value as claimed by prioress EA has claimed, says that long before the supposed trespass of 08/08/1428, namely on 02/02/1428 at Holywell, prioress EA had demised to him one acre of meadow with appurtenances in Holywell for one entire year then next following. AF says that this one acre is the same place where the aforesaid trespass is supposed to have happened and thus he had good licence to enter the meadow, take the hay etc.

Pleading: Prioress EA reiterates her claim that AF broke her close with force and arms etc., and not this that the property had been demised to AF etc.

Pleading: AF reiterates his claim that prioress EA had demised property to him etc. and puts himself upon the country, and prioress AE puts herself likewise. Order to the sheriff of Middlesex to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1429.

Events
Type Place Date
Destruction of Chattels
House-breaking
Taking of Goods
Holywell < Middlesex < England (initial) 08/08/1428
Property Transfer Holywell < Middlesex < England (initial) 02/02/1428
(due) 02/02/1428 < Blessed Virgin Mary, Purification of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Adam Forster (m) Mercer London < England Defendant
Elizabeth Arundell (f) Prioress Haliwell [priory] Holywell < Middlesex < England Plaintiff
Philip Leweston (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/674, rot. 570d

Term: Trinity 1429
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £30
Damages awarded: 40s
Costs: 40s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Hildebrand E., administrator of the goods and chattels of Robert H. who died intestate, is in mercy for many defaults. William O. claims that HE, owes him £17 on two bonds of £8 10s each, which were made on 01/10/1423 between WO and the late RH. One of these bonds was due in the vigil of All Saints 1423, and the other was due on the eve of the Purification 1424. WO says that, though he has often requested these monies, the late RH did not pay them during his lifetime, nor has RH's administrator HE paid them since being granted administration of the goods and chattels of the late RH at Bridport, Dorset, by Henry, archbishop of Canterbury. Damages are claimed at £30. Bonds shown to the court. And upon this WO says that they were made at London etc.

Pleading: HE says that he ought not be held to the bonds because he had already made full administration of the goods and chattels which were of the late RH at the time of the making of the bond.

Pleading: WO says that on the day of his original writ's making, namely the 21 [month damaged] 7 Henry VI, HE had diverse un-administered goods of the late RH which were sufficient to cover the aforesaid debt, namely at Exeter. Therefore, order to the sheriff of Devon that he make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1429.

Postea text: 7 posteas - all say that the sheriff of Devon did not send the writ, forwarding the case as far as trinity term 1431.

Postea text: postea 7 - the case is placed in respite as far as Michaelmas term 1431 unless the case is first heard at the assize of Exeter, Devon, on the Thursday next after the feast of ...[damaged]...1431.

Postea text: postea 7 - to this day (Michaelmas 1431) comes WO, and the justices of assize send record of the case as heard at the assize of Exeter on the day aforesaid. To the assize came plaintiff WO, but defendant HE did not come. Therefore a jury was taken against HE per default. A jury came and said on oath that on the day of the making of WO's original writ HE had diverse goods and chattels which were of the late RH at the time of RH's death, sufficient to cover the aforesaid debt. The jury decided that WO should recover the aforesaid debt plus damages of 20s and costs of 20s from the goods and chattels of the late RH. Plus, the justices award WO an additional 40s to be paid from the goods and chattels of HE himself [case badly damaged here]. HE is in mercy

Case notes: photo:2299; related to CP40/667 rot.474 and CP40/671 rot.309

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Mary Woolchurch < Walbrook Ward < London < England (initial) 01/10/1423
(due) 01/02/1424
Bond St Mary Woolchurch < Walbrook Ward < London < England (initial) 01/10/1423
(due) 31/10/1423 (vigil) < All Saints
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Henry Chichele (m) Archbishop Canterbury [archdiocese] Official
Hildebrand Elwell (m) Grocer London < England Administrator, Defendant
John Bedford (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Robert Hore (m) dec. Chaplain Bridport < Dorset < England Intestator
William Boughton (m) Attorney of defendant
William Olyver (m) Citizen Grocer London < England Plaintiff