CP40/745
Easter term 1447

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Centre for Metropolitan History

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Jonathan Mackman and Matthew Stevens

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2010

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'CP40/745: Easter term 1447', Court of common pleas: The National Archives, CP40: 1399-1500 (2010). URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=118112 Date accessed: 02 October 2014.


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Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 101
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 101d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 102
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 103
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 106d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 108
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 109
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 109d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 110d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 110d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 112
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 112d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 112d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 115d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 117d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 119
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 123
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 126
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 127d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 128
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 132
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 190
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 190
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 190d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 190d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 194
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 194d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 194d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 243
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 302
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 305d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 310
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 316d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 325d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 330d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 330d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 333
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 334
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 392d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 403d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 405
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 405
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 407
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 408d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 410d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 414
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 430d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 431
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 432
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 432d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 434d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 434d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 435
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 450
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 450d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 459d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 460
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 460
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 468
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 471
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 471d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 473
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 476
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 476
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 476d

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 101

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Bond; Imprisonment

Pleading: Henry Hale states that on 18 December 1443 John Nicholl made bond with him in £20, but has not paid, to his damage of £20. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JN states that he should not be bound to this debt, as at this time he was imprisoned by HH and his associates at Islip in Northamptonshire, and detained there until he made this bond under duress.

Pleading: HH denies this, stating that at the time of the bond JN was not imprisoned, and made the bond freely and not under any duress. Both parties seek enquiry on the country. Sheriff of Northamptonshire to have jury of Islip here at the octave of Trinity. Pledges named.

Events
Type Place Date
Imprisonment Islip < Northamptonshire < England (initial) 18/12/1443
Bond St Stephen Walbrook < Walbrook Ward < London < England (initial) 18/12/1443
(due) 17/12/1444
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Hale (m) Citizen Grocer London < England Plaintiff
John Nicholl (m) Husbandman Islip < Northamptonshire < England Defendant
John Rem (m) Husbandman Hatfield < Yorkshire < England Surety for defendant
Richard Forster (m) Gentleman Great Addington < Northamptonshire < England Surety for defendant
Richard Pyttes (m) Gentleman Brigstock < Northamptonshire < England Surety for defendant
Simon Burton (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 101d

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (against statute)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Breach of Statute; Contract (service/employment)

Pleading: John Hedrych, citing the terms of the Statute of Labourers, states that on 1 June 1445 he retained John Thomas to serve him as a brewer for one year, but before the end of that term, on [omitted], he left his service without good cause or licence, in contempt of the king, against the ordinance and to his damage of £10.

Pleading: JT states that he was never retained by JH to serve him as he claims. Both parties on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at [omitted].

Events
Type Place Date
Service/employment Contract St Botolph without Aldgate < Portsoken Ward < London < England (initial) 01/06/1445
(due) 01/06/1446
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Hedrych (m) Plaintiff
John Thomas (m) Brewer (lately of) London < England Defendant
Richard Alcok (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 102

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Middelton states that on 13 May 1440 Thomas Reynold made bond with him and Thomas Dukmanton, now deceased, in £20, but has not paid, to his damage of £40. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: TR granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity. Pledges named.

Postea text: 12 further licences to imparl, to octave of Trinity 1450.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Lawrence Jewry < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 13/05/1440
(due) 02/02/1441 < Blessed Virgin Mary, Purification of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Baston (m) Tailor London < England Surety for defendant
John Middelton (m) Citizen Mercer London < England Plaintiff
John Russell (m) Sergeant London < England Surety for defendant
John Venablys (m) Grocer London < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Adams (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Dukmanton (m) dec. Citizen Mercer London < England Creditor
Thomas Reynold (m) Citizen Vintner (lately of) London < England Defendant
Thomas Staundon (m) Hosier London < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 103

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £40
Damages awarded: 10s
Costs: 56s 8d
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Reginald, Prior of St Bartholomew's, Smithfield, states that on 26 October 1446 Henry atte Welle made bond with him in £40, but has not paid, to his damage of £40. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: HW states that this bond was not of his making. Both parties on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at Easter five weeks. Pledges named. Document to remain in custody of Robert Darcy.

Postea text: Jury in respite to octave of Trinity.

Postea text: Prior came, HW did not come, in default. Jury in respite to octave of St John the Baptist, nisi prius they come before Richard Neuton at St Martin le Grand on 22 June 1447, as they did not come.

Postea text: Document delivered to RN, RD quit.

Postea text: Prior came, justices send record that on that day, Prior came before RN and John Danyell, HW did not come, jury said that the bond was made of HW, as the Prior claimed. Damages assigned at 10s, costs at 20s. Order that Prior recover debt, plus damages, and a further 36s 8d costs assigned by the justices, to a total of 5m.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Sepulchre without Newgate < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 26/10/1446
(due) 25/12/1446 < Christmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Henry atte Welle (m) Husbandman Ledburn < Buckinghamshire < England Defendant
John Danyell (m) Justice
John Ingram (m) Gentleman Aylesbury < Buckinghamshire < England Surety for defendant
John Vessy (m) Gentleman St Albans < Hertfordshire < England Surety for defendant
Philip Colles (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
Reginald Colyer (m) Prior St Bartholomew, Smithfield [priory] London < England Plaintiff
Richard Neuton (m) Chief Justice Justice
Robert Darcy (m) Official
Thomas Gurney (m) Gentleman Kimble < Buckinghamshire < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 106d

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: Thomas Niche states that on 18 January 1446 Robert Gynne bought from him 18 felt and 'thrum' caps, 62 ells of 'bolt mynsters' and 86 ells of 'booltes' for 65s 11d, payable on request. However, RG has not paid, to his damage of £10.

Pleading: RG states that he does not owe this or any money to TN as claimed. Both parties on the country. Sheriff to have a jury here at quindene of Trinity. Pledges named.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods St Mary le Bow < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 18/01/1446
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Richard Chirche (m) Gentleman Bungay < Suffolk < England Surety for defendant
Robert Gynne (m) Chapman (lately of) Worstead < Norfolk < England Defendant
Roger Brook (m) Gentleman Barnham Broom < Norfolk < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Niche (m) Citizen Mercer London < England Plaintiff
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Tynt (m) Gentleman Colchester < Essex < England Surety for defendant
Walter Raulyns (m) Gentleman Brumstead < Norfolk < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 108

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £1000
Damages awarded: £50
Case type: Assault; Imprisonment

Pleading: William Dodesham states that, whereas he and his ancestors have always been free men, William Michell, in order to injure his reputation, extort his property and totally destroy him, has claimed that he is his villein, and has lain in wait to take and imprison him. He states that in order to do this, WM came to London on 10 November 1446, and from that day until the day of his original writ, namely 8 November 1446, he has lain in wait for him, such that he has been unable to conduct his business, namely going to St Paul's to speak with sergeants and other lawyers on various matters, and with clients for whom he is acting as attorney in the King's Bench and Common Pleas, and in going to Westminster for these clients, so that all this business is left undone, to his damage of £1000.

Pleading: WM, protesting that he is and was seised of the manor of West Perry in Somerset, as of fee tail of the gift of Simon Michell, from Matthew Michell senior, whose heir he is, as son of Thomas, son of Matthew, son of Matthew Michell senior, of which manor WD is and was a villein of WM, states that WM is and was a villein of him at the manor of West Perry, and says that at various times at Cannington he did lie in wait to take him, as he is entitled, but he did not do this in London, as WD has claimed.

Pleading: WD, not acknowledging anything said by WM, states that he does not have to respond to this plea, and seeks judgment and damages.

Pleading: WM, since he has made sufficient plea to exclude the action, and WD has not denied this or responded, seeks judgment and that WD be excluded from his action. Justices wish to seek advice, day given at quindene of Trinity. WD appoints William Daweson or William Praers as his attorney.

Postea text: Day given at octave of Michaelmas.

Postea text: Parties come, justices report that the plea of WM is not sufficient in law to exclude WD from his action, and WD ought to recover his damages. Since they do not know what damage WD has suffered in this, they order that the sheriff of London is to inquire by sufficient men of that parish as to the damage sustained, both due to the trespass and the costs incurred, and return this here by the octave of Hilary.

Postea text: WD came, sheriff sent record of an inquisition, held at the Guildhall on Wednesday 10 January 1448, whereby the inquest found that JD suffered damages and costs of £50 in this matter. Order that WD recover damages at £50. WM to be taken.

Postea text: WM brought into court by the sheriff, by virtue of writs enrolled at Easter 1447, rot 133, Hilary (recte Trinity?) 1447 rot 110, Michaelmas 1447 rot 127, Hilary 1448 rot 190, Trinity 1448 rot 291, and committed to the Fleet prison.

Events
Type Place Date
Assault
Imprisonment
St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 10/11/1446
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Matthew Michell snr (m) Other
Matthew Michell (m) Other
Simon Michell (m) Other
Thomas Michell (m) Other
William Daweson (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Dodesham (m) Plaintiff
William Michell (m) Gentleman Wembdon < Somerset < England Defendant
William Praers (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 109

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (loan); Debt (other)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Loan; Real action / rents / damage to real estate

Pleading: Robert Cliderowe states that on 12 July 1441 John Hames borrowed 20s from him, payable on request. Also, on the same day, he gave and demised at farm to JH a messuage with appurtenances in St Lawrence Jewry, London, for one year, at an annual rent of 20s. JH occupied this property for that period, but has not paid the rent, or repaid the 20s loan, to his damage of £10.

Pleading: JH states that, regarding the 20s loan, he does not owe this or any money to RC as claimed. Makes his law immediately. RC amerced for false claim. Regarding the other 20s, he states that RC never demised the property to him as claimed. Both parties on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at octave of Trinity.

Events
Type Place Date
Loan St Lawrence Jewry < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 12/07/1441
Rental Agreement St Lawrence Jewry < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 12/07/1441
(due) < Michaelmas
(due) < St John the Baptist, Nativity of
(due) < Easter
(due) < Christmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Hames (m) Husbandman Croydon < Surrey < England Defendant
Robert Cliderowe (m) Plaintiff
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 109d

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: Thomas Swetenham and John Hunt state that on 4 March 1445 Robert Barnesley bought from them nine bales of woad ('ballettes de woode') for £24, payable on request, but has not paid, to their damage of £40.

Pleading: RB states that he does not owe this or any money as claimed. Order that he wager his law at Easter 5 weeks. Pledges for law named.

Postea text: Plaintiffs come, RB made essoin to octave of Trinity.

Postea text: Parties come, RB makes his law. Plaintiffs take nothing, amerced for false claim. RB sent without day.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods St Benet Sherehog < Cordwainer Street Ward < London < England (initial) 04/03/1445
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Harry (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
John Horne (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
John Hunt (m) Citizen Grocer London < England Plaintiff
John Pulton (m) Attorney of defendant
Robert Barnesley (m) Hosier (lately of) Coventry < Warwickshire < England Defendant
Thomas Swetenham (m) Citizen Grocer London < England Plaintiff
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 110d

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 10m
Damages awarded: 6s 8d
Costs: 33s 4d
Case type: Bond

Pleading: William Porter and William Dey state that on 11 July 1446 Thomas Stokes made bond with them in £6 17s 6d, but has not paid, to their damage of 10m. They show the bond in court.

Pleading: TS states that this bond was not of his making. All parties on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at Easter 5 weeks. Bond to remain in custody of Henry Fylongley for safe-keeping.

Postea text: Bond delivered to Richard Neuton, chief justice. HF quit.

Postea text: TS committed to the Fleet.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to octave of St John the Baptist [nisi prius clause omitted by scribe]. On this day, plaintiffs come, RN sent record that on that day, before RN and John Danyell, WP came in person, and as attorney for WD, TS did not come, in default. Jury said that the bond was made of TS, and plaintiffs claimed. Damages assigned at 6s 8d, costs at 20s. Order that WP and WD recover debt, and damages, and further 13s 4d in damages assigned by the justices, 40s in total. TS to be taken.

Postea text: RN returned the bond and is quit.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Sepulchre without Newgate < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 11/07/1446
(due) 24/08/1446 < St Bartholomew
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Henry Fylongley (m) King's Clerk Official
John Danyell (m) Justice
Richard Neuton (m) Chief Justice Common Pleas [court] Justice
Thomas Stokes (m) Butcher London < England Defendant
William Dey (m) Plaintiff
William Porter (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 110d

Term: Easter 1447
County: Kent
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 10m
Case type: Bond; Imprisonment

Pleading: William Porter and William Dey state that on 11 July 1446 Thomas Smyn made bond with them in £6 17s 6d, but has not paid, to their damage of 10m. They show the bond in court.

Pleading: TS states that he should not be bound to this debt, as at this time he was imprisoned by WP and WD and their associates at Sandwich in Kent, and detained there until he made this bond under duress.

Pleading: WP and WD deny this, stating that at the time of the bond TS was not imprisoned, and made the bond freely and not under any duress. Both parties seek enquiry on the country. Sheriff of Kent to have jury of the neighbourhood of Sandwich, which is within the Cinque Ports where the king's writ does not run, here at the [omitted].

Case notes: Surnames of plaintiffs given in different forms during pleading.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Sepulchre without Newgate < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 11/07/1446
(due) 24/08/1446 < St Bartholomew
Imprisonment Sandwich < Kent < England (initial) 11/07/1446
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Thomas Smyn (m) Butcher London < England Defendant
William Dey alias William Duy (m) Plaintiff
William Porter alias William Puntour (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 112

Term: Easter 1447
County: Kent
Writ type: Debt (account)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Reckoning of account

Pleading: John Ferby states that on 24 November 1445 Roger Richard accounted with him before John Petle and John Hulle, auditors, for various sums of money received for him by RR, and was found to be in arrears by £9. However, RR has not paid this sum, and refuses, to his damage of £20.

Pleading: RR granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity. Pledges named.

Events
Type Place Date
Accounting Farnborough < Kent < England (initial) 24/11/1445
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Ferby (m) Plaintiff
John Hacheman (m) Chandler London < England Surety for defendant
John Hulle (m) Auditor
John Petle (m) Auditor
John Styffe (m) Stainer London < England Surety for defendant
Richard Alcok (m) Gentleman Stratford at Bow < Middlesex < England Surety for defendant
Richard Clerk (m) Draper London < England Surety for defendant
Roger Richard (m) Gentleman London < England Defendant
Thomas Hevere (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 112d

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (account)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Reckoning of account

Pleading: John Erethe states that on 5 October 1444 Henry Enson accounted before Nicholas Lovet and Henry Peysek, auditors, for various sums of money received by him for JE, and was found to be in arrears by 8m. He has been satisfied of 26s 8d, but JE has not paid him the remaining 6m, and refuses, to his damage of £20.

Pleading: HE granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity, with assent of JE.

Pleading: [continued at Trinity 1447, rot 302d] HE states that he did not account with JE for the time and money aforesaid, as claimed by JE. Both parties on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at quindene of St John the Baptist.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, to quindene of Michaelmas 1447.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/746, rot 302d

Events
Type Place Date
Accounting All Hallows Barking < Tower Ward < London < England
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Emson alias Henry Enson (m) Butcher Southwark < Surrey < England Defendant
Henry Peysek (m) Auditor
John Bedford (m) Attorney of defendant
John Ereth alias John Erethe (m) Plaintiff
Nicholas Lovet (m) Auditor
Thomas Cooke (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 112d

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Bond

Pleading: William Wetenhale states that on 10 February 1440 Lawrence Stonstrete made bond with him in £27. He has been satisfied of £17 of this, but LS has not paid the remaining £10, to his damage of £20. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: LS granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Antholin Budge Row < Cordwainer Street Ward < London < England (initial) 10/02/1440
(due) 15/05/1440 < Pentecost
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Lawrence Stonstrete (m) Dyer (lately of) Sittingbourne < Kent < England Defendant
Robert Feknam (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Wetenhale (m) Citizen Grocer London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 115d

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: 40s
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: Thomas Kyrkeby states that on 22 February 1439 Giles Broun bought from him 6 yard of fustian, 2 ells of raw Flemish cloth, 1½ ells of 'Nyperfeld' and ½ ell of 'chapayn' (Champagne) cloth for 40s, payable on request, but has not paid, to his damage of 40s.

Pleading: GB states that he does not owe this or any money to TK as claimed. Makes his law immediately. TK to take nothing, amerced for false claim. GB sent without day.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 22/02/1439
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Giles Broun (m) Saddler London < England Defendant
Thomas Kyrkeby (m) Citizen Mercer London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 117d

Term: Easter 1447
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 20m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Thomas Brampton states that on 27 August 1446 William Pykeryng made bond with him in £50. TB acknowledges satisfaction of £25 of this, but WP has not paid the remaining £25, to his damage of 20m. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: WP denies force and injury [pleading incomplete].

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 27/08/1446
(due) 01/11/1446
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Tanfeld (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Brampton (m) Woolman Burford < Oxfordshire < England Plaintiff
William Pykeryng (m) Citizen Mercer London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 119

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £10
Damages awarded: £15
Costs: 4m
Case type: Taking of goods

Pleading: William Tounlond, executor of Richard Osbarn, states that on 20 December 1439 William Brydlyngton forcibly took and carried away a certain book, worth £40, containing the names of the creditors of RO, in his custody in London. This was against the peace, is delaying the execution of the will, and to his damage of £10.

Pleading: WB denies the trespass. Both parties on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at Easter five weeks. WB appoints Thomas del Row as his attorney.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, to octave of Trinity.

Postea text: Jury in respite to quindene of Michaelmas 1447, nisi prius they come before Richard Neuton, CJCP, at St Martin le Grand, on 13 July 1447. On this day, WT came, justices sent record that on that day, before RN and John Danyell, parties came, jury said that WB is responsible for this trespass as WT claimed. Damages assigned at £15, costs 4m.

Case notes: Another incomplete pleading of this case appears on rot 127, where defendant called 'Bridlyme'. For another alleged theft, see CP 40/742, rot 336d.

Events
Type Place Date
Taking of Goods St Alban Wood Street < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 20/12/1439
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Danyell (m) Justice
Richard Neuton (m) Chief Justice Common Pleas [court] Justice
Richard Osbarn (m) dec. Citizen Clerk Guildhall London < England Testator
Robert Vaus (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas del Row (m) Attorney of defendant
William Brydlyngton (m) Vestment-maker (lately of) London < England Defendant
William Tounlond (m) Citizen Mercer London < England Executor, Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 123

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Robert Yonge states that on 23 January 1439 John Gloucestre made bond with him in £20, and on 30 April 1439 he made another bond, also in £20, but has not paid either debt, to his damage of £20. He shows the bonds in court.

Pleading: JG granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity, with assent of RY.

Pleading: [continued at Trinity 1447, rot 134] JG states that he ought not owe this debt, as concerning the bond made on 23 January, on that day he did agree to enter into a bond with RY, but in only £10, payable at Easter following. He says that he is a man of little learning, and when this bond was read to him as being for £10, he sealed it, believing it to be such. Therefore this bond for £20 was not of his making. Both parties on the country. And regarding the bond of 30 April, he also says that this bond is not of his making. Both parties on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at octave of St John the Baptist. Documents to remain in custody of Robert Darcy for safe-keeping.

Postea text: [on CP 40/746] Sheriff did not send writ, to octave of Michaelmas.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/746, rot 134.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 23/01/1439
(due) 05/04/1439 < Easter
Bond St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 30/04/1439
(due) 24/06/1439 < St John the Baptist, Nativity of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Gloucestir alias John Gloucestre (m) Gentleman Car Colston < Nottinghamshire < England alias (lately of) Sutton on Trent < Nottinghamshire < England Defendant
Robert Darcy (m) King's Clerk Official
Robert Yonge (m) Norwell < Nottinghamshire < England Plaintiff
Thomas Adams (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Godley (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 126

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £100
Case type: Assault

Pleading: William Hensley states that on 12 July 1444 Robert Cammell assaulted him in London, against the peace and to his damage of £100.

Pleading: RC states that he does not have to reply to this charge, as WH has been excommunicated. He shows in court the letters of John, Archbishop of Canterbury, dated at Lambeth on 14 July 1445, issuing the excommunication [recited in full]. RC therefore sent without day.

Events
Type Place Date
Letters Patent Lambeth < Surrey < England (initial) 14/07/1445
Assault St Nicholas Cole Abbey < Queenhithe Ward < London < England (initial) 12/07/1444
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Stafford (m) Archbishop Canterbury [diocese] Official
John Stokys (m) Drlaw Other
Robert Cammell (m) Vicar Minehead < Somerset < England Defendant
Thomas Torold (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Hensley (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 127d

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Segdon, by attorney [name omitted] states that on 18 July 1445 Richard Burton, now deceased, executor of Thomas London alias Jabur, made bond with him in 8m. However, neither RB, nor his widow and executor Katherine after his death have paid, to his damage of £10. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: Katherine Burton granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity, with assent of JS.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 18/07/1445
(due) 11/11/1445 < Martinmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Segdon (m) Clerk Plaintiff
Katherine Burton (f) Widow Milford < Yorkshire < England Defendant
Nicholas Lyghtollers (m) Attorney of defendant
Richard Burton (m) dec. Milford < Yorkshire < England Executor, Testator
Thomas Jabur alias Thomas London (m) dec. Parson (lately of) Crayke < Yorkshire < England Testator

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 128

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 40s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Edmund Brudenell states that on 3 November 1445 William Houghton made bond with him in 10m, but has not paid, to his damage of 40s. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: WH granted licence to imparl to quindene of trinity, with assent of EB.

Postea text: Further licence to imparl, to quindene of Michaelmas, with assent of EB.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Mary Colechurch < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 03/11/1445
(due) 29/09/1446 < Michaelmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Edmund Brudenell (m) Plaintiff
John Huet (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Houghton (m) Citizen Grocer London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 132

Term: Easter 1447
County: Berkshire
Writ type: Other
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Real action / rents / damage to real estate

Pleading: William and Matilda Pekke state that they and Richard and Joan atte Wode hold a messuage, 170 acres of land, 21 acres of meadow, 46 acres of pasture and 14 acres of wood in Remenham, of the inheritance of William Remenham, father of Matilda and Joan. Each is entitled to half, but Richard and Joan refuse to allow the property to be divided, to their damage of £40.

Pleading: Richard and Joan acknowledge that the property should be divided, and accept that this be done. Order that the partition be made. Order to the sheriff to go to the property and, in the presence of the parties if they so wish, ascertain the true value of the property and make the division between them, giving one part to each couple, so that neither has more than the other. This division should be returned under his seal a the octave of Trinity.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, sicut prius to Michaelmas one month.

Events
Type Place Date
Location of Property Remenham < Berkshire < England
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Joan atte Wode (f) London < England Defendant
Matilda Pekke (f) Plaintiff
Richard atte Wode (m) Citizen Fishmonger London < England Defendant
Thomas Wakefeld (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Pekke (m) Plaintiff
William Remenham (m) dec. Other
William Staynford (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 190

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: Thomas Kyrkeby states that on 14 May 1443 Robert Colyns bought from him 2000lb of woad for £13 3s 4d, payable on request, but has not paid, to his damage of 100s.

Pleading: RC states that he does not owe this or any money as claimed. Order that he wager his law at octave of Trinity. Pledges for law named.

Postea text: Parties come, RC makes his law. TK to take nothing, amerced for false claim. RC sent without day.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 14/05/1443
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Jay (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
Robert Colyns (m) Cofferer London < England Defendant
Thomas Kyrkeby (m) Mercer London < England Plaintiff
William Fay (m) Surety of law (compurgator)

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 190

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond); Debt (loan)
Damages claimed: 40s
Damages awarded: 13s 4d
Case type: Bond; Loan

Pleading: Valentine Petyt, gentleman of Kent, alias skinner of London, states that on 27 January 1444 John Abbot made bond with him in 35s, payable at Pentecost next, and also borrowed a further 5s, payable on request, but has not paid either debt, to his damage of 40s. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JA granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity. Pledges named.

Postea text: 7 further licences to imparl, to octave of Hilary 1449.

Postea text: VP came, JA did not come, default. VP to recover debt, and damages at 13s 4d assigned by the court with assent of VP. JA amerced.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond All Hallows Bread Street < Bread Street Ward < London < England (initial) 27/01/1444
(due) 31/05/1444 < Pentecost
Loan All Hallows Bread Street < Bread Street Ward < London < England (initial) 27/01/1444
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Hugh Brent (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Abbot (m) Citizen Skinner London < England Defendant
John Boston (m) Merchant London < England Surety for defendant
John Ryppey (m) Yeoman Exebridge < Devon < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Geffrey (m) Brewer London < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Goode (m) Baker Colchester < Essex < England Surety for defendant
Valentine Petyte alias Valentine Petyt (m) Citizen, Gentleman Skinner Kent < England alias London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 190d

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: 40s
Case type: Taking of goods

Pleading: Walter Coton states that on 31 October 1446 Walter Sewall forcibly took and carried off a certain horse worth 40s, against the peace and to his damage of 40s.

Pleading: WC states that he is not responsible for this trespass as claimed. Both parties on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at quindene of Trinity. Pledges named.

Postea text: 2 posteas, to quindene of Hilary 1448.

Events
Type Place Date
Taking of Goods St Ethelburga < Bishopsgate Ward < London < England (initial) 31/10/1446
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Edmund Wighton (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Orgon (m) Haberdasher London < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Batys (m) Tailor London < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Lambe (m) Pewterer London < England Surety for defendant
Walter Coton (m) Plaintiff
William Sewall (m) Skinner London < England Defendant
William Welby (m) Courser London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 190d

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Valentine Petyte and William Essex state that on 12 May 1445 John Launce made bond with them in £6 12s, but has not paid, to their damage of 100s. They show the bond in court.

Pleading: JL granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity. Pledges named.

Postea text: 4 further licences to imparl, to octave of Trinity 1448.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond London < England (initial) 12/05/1445
(due) 24/06/1445 < St John the Baptist, Nativity of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Hugh Brent (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Boston (m) Merchant London < England Surety for defendant
John Launce (m) Citizen Skinner London < England Defendant
John Ryppay (m) Yeoman Exebridge < Devon < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Geffrey (m) Brewer London < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Goode (m) Baker Colchester < Essex < England Surety for defendant
Valentine Petyte (m) Gentleman Kent < England Plaintiff
William Essex (m) Gentleman Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 194

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Bond; Imprisonment

Pleading: John Langton states that on 28 September 1444 Richard Sprotburgh, vicar of Appleby, made bond with him in London in 100s, but has not paid, to his damage of 100s. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: RS states that he should not be bound to this debt, as at this time he was imprisoned by JL and his associates at Appleby in Westmorland, and detained there until he made this bond under duress.

Pleading: JL denies this, stating that at the time of the bond RS was not imprisoned, and made the bond freely and not under any duress. Both parties seek enquiry on the country. Sheriff of Westmorland to have jury of Appleby here at the quindene of Trinity.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, sicut prius, to quindene of Michaelmas.

Events
Type Place Date
Imprisonment Appleby < Westmorland < England (initial) 28/09/1444
Bond St Andrew Holborn < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 28/09/1444
(due) 25/12/1444 < Christmas
(due) 28/03/1445 < Easter
(due) 10/08/1445
(due) 11/11/1445 < Martinmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Christopher Hylton (m) Attorney of defendant
John Langton (m) Appleby < Westmorland < England Plaintiff
Richard Sprotburgh (m) Vicar Appleby < Westmorland < England Defendant
William Crakenthorp (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 194d

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Housebreaking

Pleading: Peter Ardern, Robert Rouclyff and John Roos state that on 18 August 1446 Thomas Bamme forcibly broke into their house in London, against the peace and to their damage of 100s.

Pleading: TB granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity. Pledges named.

Pleading: [continued at Trinity term 1447, rot 112]. TB, by attorney [name omitted], granted licence to imparl to octave of Michaelmas 1447.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/746, rot 112.

Events
Type Place Date
House-breaking St Mary Magdalen, Old Fish Street < Castle Baynard Ward < London < England (initial) 18/08/1446
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Edward Elsmer (m) Gentleman 'Boryng' < Gloucestershire < England Surety for defendant
Henry Pole (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
John Roos (m) Plaintiff
Peter Ardern (m) Plaintiff
Robert Elsmer (m) Goldsmith London < England Surety for defendant
Robert Rouclyff (m) Plaintiff
Thomas Bamme (m) Goldsmith London < England Defendant
Thomas Lloit (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
William Staynford (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 194d

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Detention of goods; Safe keeping

Pleading: John Darry states that on 20 October 1441 he delivered to Michael Roger for safe-keeping chattels worth £27, namely one silk cloth, in English 'russet velvet upon velvet', containing 23 yards, to be returned on request. However, he now refuses to return it, to his damage of £20.

Pleading: MR states that he does not detain these or any goods as claimed. Both parties on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at octave of Trinity.

Events
Type Place Date
Safe Keeping London < England (initial) 20/10/1441
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Edmund Wighton (m) Attorney of defendant
John Darry (m) Plaintiff
Michael Roger (m) Tailor London < England Defendant
Thomas Peke (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 243

Term: Easter 1447
County: Surrey
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 50m
Damages awarded: 40s
Costs: 40s
Case type: Bond; Imprisonment

Pleading: William Blakman states that on 29 June 1445 John Creke made two bonds with him, each in £15, but has not paid either, to his damage of 50m. He shows the bonds in court.

Pleading: JC states that he should not be bound to this debt, as at this time he was imprisoned by WB and his associates at Southover near Lewes in Sussex, and detained there until he made this bond under duress.

Pleading: WB denies this, stating that at the time of the bond JC was not imprisoned, and made the bond freely and not under any duress. Both parties seek enquiry on the country. Sheriff of Sussex to have jury here at the octave of Trinity. JC appoints Thomas Hever as attorney.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, sicut prius, to quindene of St John the Baptist.

Postea text: Jury in respite to quindene of Michaelmas 1447, nisi prius they come before the justices of assize at Lewes on 4 August 1447. At this day came WB, justices sent record that on that day, before John Fortescu and Robert Danvers, parties came, jury said that the bond was written by JC, as WB alleged. Damages assigned to WB at 40s, costs at 26s 8d. Order that WB recover debt, and damages, and a further 13s 4d costs assigned by the justices, to a total of 6m. JC amerced.

Postea text: JC brought into court by the sheriff of Surrey, committed to the Fleet.

Postea text: WB came by attorney, JC brought by warden of the Fleet. WB acknowledged satisfaction of the debt and damages. JC quit.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Southwark < Surrey < England (initial) 29/06/1445
(due) 24/06/1446 < St John the Baptist, Nativity of
Imprisonment Southover < Sussex < England (initial) 29/06/1445
Bond Southwark < Surrey < England (initial) 29/06/1445
(due) 02/02/1446 < Blessed Virgin Mary, Purification of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Creke (m) Butcher Southwark < Surrey < England Defendant
John Fortescu (m) Knight Justice
Robert Danvers (m) Justice
Thomas Cotes (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Hever (m) Attorney of defendant
William Blakman (m) Gentleman London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 302

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Housebreaking; Taking of goods

Pleading: William Bangore states that on 17 June 1446 Nicholas Russell forcibly broke into his house in London and took and carried away goods worth 100s, namely 13 locks with the relevant keys, one table, two chairs, four stools, four doors and four windows, against the peace and to his damage of £40.

Pleading: NR granted licence to imparl to quindene of Trinity.

Postea text: Further licence to imparl, to octave of Michaelmas 1447.

Events
Type Place Date
House-breaking
Taking of Goods
St Michael Crooked Lane < Bread Street Ward < London < England
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Edmund Wyghton (m) Attorney of defendant
Nicholas Russell (m) Girdler London < England Defendant
Thomas Adams (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Bangore (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 305d

Term: Easter 1447
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £10
Damages awarded: 43s 4d
Case type: Assault

Pleading: John Fawn states that on 19 April 1446 John Lyon forcibly gathered together various malefactors, namely 7 armed men arrayed for war, and various disturbers of the peace, and lay in wait for him at Knightsbridge in order to kill him, and assaulted and beat him, against the peace and to his damage of £10.

Pleading: JL granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Postea text: 2 further licences to imparl, to octave of Hilary 1448.

Postea text: JF came, JL did not come, in default. JF seeks judgment and damages. Since the it seemed necessary to the court that the justices should be informed regarding the damages before they proceed to judgment, the sheriff of Middlesex is to enquire as to the damages sustained by JF, and the costs incurred, and return this at Easter three weeks.

Postea text: JF came, sheriff sent that, by inquisition held on Thursday 11 April 1448, it was found that JF sustained damages and costs to the value of 43s 4d. Order that JF recover these damages. JL to be taken.

Events
Type Place Date
Assault Knightsbridge < Middlesex < England (initial) 19/04/1446
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Fawn (m) Plaintiff
John Lyon (m) Bowyer London < England Defendant
Richard Levermore (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 310

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 10m
Damages awarded: 26s 8d
Costs: 56s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Geoffrey Cayew and William John, kinsmen and executors of Richard Broghton, and Thomas Frere and his wife Eve, former wife and executor of RS, state that on 14 May 1444 Thomas Trenchemere made bond with Richard Broghton in 116s 10d, but has not paid, to their damage of 10m. They show the bond in court, and the testamentary letters of RS, by which the executors have administration.

Pleading: TT granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity, with assent of plaintiffs.

Pleading: [continued at Trinity 1447, rot 132] TT states that this bond was not of his making. All parties on country. Sheriff to have jury here at octave of Michaelmas. Bond to remain in custody of Robert Darcy for safe-keeping.

Postea text: [On CP 40/746, rot 132] Sheriff did not send writ, to Michaelmas one month. Plaintiffs come, TT did not come, defaults. Jury in respite to quindene of Martinmas, nisi prius they come before Richard Neuton at St Martin le Grand on 18 November 1447, as jury did not come. On 17 November 1447, bond delivered to RN, RD quit, returned on 22 November, RN quit. On this day (quindene of Martinmas), plaintiffs come, RN sent record that on that day, before RN and John Danyell, plaintiffs came, TT did not come, jury say that bond was made of TT, as claimed by plaintiffs. Damages assigned at 26s 8d, costs at 40s. Order that plaintiffs recover debt, and damages at £3 6s 8d, and a further 16s costs assigned by the court. TT to be taken.

Case notes: continued on CP 40/746 rot 132.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Augustine by St Paul's < Farringdon Ward Within < London < England (initial) 14/05/1444
(due) 24/08/1444 < St Bartholomew
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Eve Broghton alias Eve Frere (m) Executor, Plaintiff
Geoffrey Cayew (m) Executor, Plaintiff
John Bedford (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Danyell (m) Justice
Richard Broghton (m) dec. Citizen Tailor London < England Testator
Richard Neuton (m) Chief Justice Justice
Robert Darcy (m) King's Clerk Official
Thomas Frere (m) Citizen Tailor London < England Plaintiff
Thomas Trenchemere (m) Esquire (lately of) Stow Beckerton < Norfolk < England Defendant
William John (m) Executor, Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 316d

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: £20
Damages awarded: 6m
Costs: 40s
Case type: Detention of goods; Safe keeping

Pleading: Christina Mowelart amerced for many defaults. Thoma Pitlisden states that on 16 September 1446 he delivered to CM for safe-keeping goods worth £10, namely 24 yards of blue woollen cloth, to be returned on request. However CM has refused to return them, to his damage of £20.

Pleading: CM states that she does not detain these goods or any parcel of them as claimed by TP. Both parties on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at the morrow of Ascension.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, sicut prius, to octave of Trinity 1447.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to octave of Martinmas, nisi prius they come before Richard Neuton at St Martin le Grand on 17 November 1447. On that day, TP came, RN sent record that on that day, before him and John Danyell, parties came by attorney, jury said that CM did detain this cloth from TP as he claimed. Damages assigned to TP at 6m, costs at 20s if the cloth is not returned, and at 6s 8d and 20s if it is returned. Order that TP recover this, and another 20s costs assigned by the court. CM amerced.

Events
Type Place Date
Safe Keeping St Andrew Undershaft < Aldgate Ward < London < England (initial) 16/09/1446
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Christina Mowelart (f) Widow London < England Defendant
John Danyell (m) Justice
Nicholas Mowelart (m) dec. London < England Other
Richard Neuton (m) Chief Justice Common Pleas [court] Justice
Thomas Adams (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Pitlisden (m) Plaintiff
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 325d

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £100
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Margaret, widow and executor of Richard Lothre, and Thomas Dalamore and William Lothre her fellow executors, state that on 8 February 1430 Robert Ughtred made bond with RL in 40m, but he has not paid RL or his executors, to their damage of £100. They show the bond in court, and the testamentary letters of RL by which they have executry and administration.

Pleading: RU granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity, with assent of plaintiffs.

Postea text: 4 further licences to imparl, to octave of Trinity 1448, with assent of plaintiffs.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 08/02/1430
(due) 29/09/1430 < Michaelmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Margaret Lothre (f) Executor, Plaintiff
Robert Lowethyr alias Robert Lothre (m) dec. Knight Testator
Robert Ughtred (m) Knight Kexby < Yorkshire < England Defendant
Thomas Dalamore (m) Executor, Plaintiff
William Copley (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Lothre (m) Executor, Plaintiff
William Stillyngton (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 330d

Term: Easter 1447
County: Wiltshire
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Hay and Peter Malcovenant state that on 16 April 1445 Alice, now wife of Thomas Hakker, while a single woman, made bond with them in Salisbury in 100s, but neither she nor her new husband have paid this, to their damage of 10m. They show the bond in court.

Pleading: TH and AH state that they ought not owe this debt, as at the time of the bond AH was under the protection of her husband.

Pleading: JH and PM state that at the time of the bond Alice was a single woman, and not under the protection of TH. Enquiry on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at the morrow of Ascension. Pledges named.

Postea text: Parties came, sheriff did not send writ, to octave of Trinity.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to octave of Michaelmas 1447, nisi prius they come before the justices of assize in Wiltshire at Salisbury on 19 July 1447. On this day, JH and PM came, justices sent record that on that day, before Richard Neuton and Nicholas Ayssheton, JH and PM came, TH and AH did not come, in default. Jury said that at the time of the bond Alice was a single woman and not in the protection of her husband. Damages and costs assigned at 60s. Order that JH and PM recover debt of 100s and damages of 60s. TH and AH amerced.

Postea text: TH committed to the Fleet.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Salisbury < Wiltshire < England (initial) 16/04/1445
(due) 25/12/1445 < Christmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Alice Olyvers alias Alice Hakker (f) London < England Defendant
Andrew Tye (m) Vintner London < England Surety for defendant
Christine Olyvers (f) Widow Salisbury < Wiltshire < England Other
John Hay (m) Plaintiff
Nicholas Ayssheton (m) Justice
Peter Malcovenant (m) Plaintiff
Philip Penne (m) Valet of the Crown London < England Surety for defendant
Richard Brounyng (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Richard Neuton (m) Justice
Thomas Hakker (m) Vintner London < England Defendant
Thomas Legge (m) Ironmonger London < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Olyver (m) Yeoman Bruton < Somerset < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 330d

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (loan)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Loan

Pleading: Gilbert Lidizet states that on 29 November 1445 Edmund, Abbot of Westminster borrowed £13 9s 4d from him, payable on request, but has not re-paid this, to his damage of £10.

Pleading: The Abbot states that he does not owe this or any money as claimed. Both parties on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at octave of Trinity.

Events
Type Place Date
Loan St Benet Sherehog < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 29/11/1445
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Edmund Kirton (m) Abbot Westminster [abbey] Westminster < Middlesex < England Defendant
Gilbert Lidizet (m) Grocer London < England Plaintiff
John Joce (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 333

Term: Easter 1447
County: Nottinghamshire
Writ type: Other
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Real action / rents / damage to real estate

Pleading: William Kellom amerced for many defaults. John Neell, master of the hospital of St Thomas of Acon, William Byngham, parson of St John Zachary, Richard Byngham and Thomas Scot, executors of Nicholas Conyngston, state that at Easter 1432, at Kelham, Nicholas Conyngston demised to William Kellom a messuage with appurtenances in Kelham for 5 years, at an annual rent of 53s, due at Easter and Michaelmas each year. WK held the property for this period, but is in arrears for the 53s due at Easter and Michaelmas 1434, and has not paid this, either to NC or his executors, to their damage of 100s. They show the testamentary letters of NC, by which they have executry and administration.

Pleading: WK states that he does not detain this money or any part of it from the executors as claimed. All parties on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at octave of Trinity.

Events
Type Place Date
Rental Agreement Kelham < Nottinghamshire < England (initial) 20/04/1432
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Neell (m) Master of House St Thomas of Acon [hospital] London < England Executor, Plaintiff
Nicholas Conyngston (m) dec. Testator
Richard Byngham (m) Sergeant At Law Executor, Plaintiff
Thomas Scot (m) Executor, Plaintiff
William Byngham (m) Parson St John Zachary [church] London < St John Zachary < England Executor, Plaintiff
William Kellom (m) Husbandman Kelham < Nottinghamshire < England Defendant
William Kyrkeby (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Waryn (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 334

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: James Bolhalf and John Honybourne state that on 3 March 1446 Simon Baron made bond with them in 5m 6s 8d, but has not paid, to their damage of 100s. They show the bond in court.

Pleading: SB granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity, with assent of plaintiffs.

Postea text: Further licence to imparl to octave of Michaelmas, with assent.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Dunstan in the East < Tower Ward < London < England (initial) 03/03/1446
(due) 17/04/1446 < Easter
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
James Bolhalf (m) Citizen Draper London < England Plaintiff
John Honybourne (m) Citizen Draper London < England Plaintiff
Simon Baron (m) Merchant London < England Defendant
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of defendant
William Staynford (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 392d

Term: Easter 1447
County: Sussex
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Aunger states that on 28 May 1446 Robert Denys, at [omitted], made bond with him in £4 16s 8d, but has not paid, to his damage of 100s. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: RD granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity, with assent of JA.

Postea text: Further licence to imparl to octave of Michaelmas.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond England (initial) 28/05/1446
(due) 25/12/1446 < Christmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Abell (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Aunger (m) Citizen Skinner London < England Plaintiff
John Knotte (m) Attorney of defendant
Robert Denys (m) Skinner Lewes < Sussex < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 403d

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Henry Langton states that on 7 July 1446 Thomas Hoddesdon made bond with him in 7m 6s 8d, but has not paid, to his damage of 100s. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: TH granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Pleading: [continued at Trinity 1447, rot 117d] TH states that he ought not owe this debt, as upon the making of this bond there was an agreement that if a certain William Southcote should pay HL 100s on 10 July 1446, or on another agreed date, then the bond shall be cancelled. He says that he is a man of little learning, and that this bond was read to him as containing this condition, although it does not. TH sealed it believing that it did contain this condition, and thus states that this simple bond, not containing this condition, was not of his making. Both parties on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at octave of Michaelmas.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, sicut prius, to octave of Martinmas.

Postea text: Bond delivered to Richard Alcok, attorney of HL, as process discontinued.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/746, rot 117d. Some extra details given there.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Katherine Cree < Aldgate Ward < London < England (initial) 07/07/1446
(due) 01/08/1446 < St Peter ad Vincula
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Langton (m) Valet of the Crown Plaintiff
Richard Alcok (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Hoddesdon (m) Citizen Glover, Grocer London < England Defendant
William Southcote (m) Other

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 405

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: £10
Damages awarded: 10s
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: William and John Dunstall state that on 20 March 1445 James Hewet bought from them 7 quarters of barley, one quarter of peas and 1½ cops of straw for 40s, payable on request, but has not paid, to their damage of £10.

Pleading: JH states that he does not owe this or any money to the plaintiffs as claimed. Order that he wager his law at quindene of Trinity. Pledges for law named. Attorney to have him here.

Postea text: JH came, attorney of plaintiffs makes essoin, to quindene of Michaelmas.

Postea text: Plaintiffs come, JH does not come. Order that plaintiffs recover against the aforesaid Simon [sic, presumably error] the debt of 40s, and damages 10s. JH amerced.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods St Martin Ludgate < Farringdon Ward Within < London < England (initial) 20/03/1445
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Hore (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
James Hewet (m) Carpenter Cooting < Kent < England Defendant
John Colyns (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Dore (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
John Dunstall (m) Plaintiff
John Symond (m) Attorney of defendant
William Dunstall (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 405

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (account)
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Contract (service/employment); Reckoning of account

Pleading: Thomas Walmedon, executor of Thomas Lyversegge, former parson of St Peter's, Northampton, was summoned to answer William Ramson on plea that he, together with John Edewyn, his co-executor, render to him £6 10s which they unjustly detain. WR states that on 20 April 1434 TL, the testator, accounted with him before Richard Snodham and Thomas Parker, auditors, for various sums of money received by him for WR before that time, and was found to be in arrears by £6 10s. However, neither TL during his lifetime, nor his executors after his death have paid this, to his damage of £40.

Pleading: TW granted licence to imparl to morrow of St John the Baptist.

Pleading: [continued at Trinity 1447, rot 326] TW states that he had fully administered all the goods formerly of TL, and had none remaining in his hands on the date of the original writ of the plaintiff.

Pleading: WR states that on the day of his original writ, namely 1 October 1446, TW had various goods and chattels which belonged to TL on the date of his death to the value of this debt, namely in London in the parish of St Augustine, Bread Street ward. Enquiry on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at octave of Michaelmas.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, to morrow of All Souls.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/746, rot 326. Another pleading on CP 40/749, rot 61.

Events
Type Place Date
Accounting St Augustine by St Paul's < Bread Street Ward < London < England (initial) 20/04/1434
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Edewyn (m) Fuller Northampton < Northamptonshire < England Executor
John Harewold (m) Attorney of defendant
Richard Snodham (m) Auditor
Robert Vaus (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Lyversegge (m) dec. Parson St Peter's, Northampton [church] Northampton < Northamptonshire < England Testator
Thomas Parker (m) Auditor
Thomas Walmeden (m) Chaplain Northampton < Northamptonshire < England Defendant, Executor
William Ramson (m) Citizen Tailor London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 407

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £100
Case type: Housebreaking

Pleading: John, Archbishop of Canterbury, Humphrey, Duke of Buckingham, Henry, Count of Eu, Thomas Kyriell, Philip Malpas, Richard Dove, Richard Bruyn, Roger Bruyn, John Reynforth, William Daweson and Thomas Halom, by the same WD as their attorney, state that on 22 March 1441 Hugh Caundyssh forcibly broke into their house in London, against the peace and to their damage of £100.

Pleading: HC granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Postea text: 4 further licences to imparl, to octave of Michaelmas 1448.

Events
Type Place Date
House-breaking St Dunstan in the East < Tower Ward < London < England (initial) 22/03/1441
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Henry Bourchier (m) Count Eu [county] Plaintiff
Hugh Caundyssh (m) Tailor (lately of) London < England Defendant
Humphrey Stafford (m) Duke Buckingham [dukedom] Plaintiff
John Reynforth (m) Plaintiff
John Stafford (m) Archbishop Canterbury [archdiocese] Plaintiff
Philip Malpas (m) Citizen Draper London < England Plaintiff
Richard Bruyn (m) Plaintiff
Richard Dove (m) Esquire Plaintiff
Roger Bruyn (m) Plaintiff
Thomas Halom (m) Plaintiff
Thomas Kyriell (m) Knight Plaintiff
William Daweson (m) Attorney of plaintiff, Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 408d

Term: Easter 1447
County: Bedfordshire
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 100m
Case type: Bond; Imprisonment

Pleading: Thomas Coventre states that on 6 February 1444 Richard Dodde made bond with him in £40, but has not paid, to his damage of 100m. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: RD states that he should not be bound to this debt, as at this time he was imprisoned by TC and his associates in the parish of St Mildred Poultry in London, and detained there until he made this bond under duress.

Pleading: TC denies this, stating that at the time of the bond RD was not imprisoned, and made the bond freely and not under any duress. Both parties seek enquiry on the country. Sheriff of London to have jury of St Mildred Poultry here at the octave of Trinity.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to octave of Hilary 1449. TC came, RD did not come, in default. Jury in respite to octave of Trinity, as did not come. Sheriff to take.

Events
Type Place Date
Imprisonment St Mildred Poultry < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 06/02/1444
Bond Old Warden < Bedfordshire < England (initial) 06/02/1444
(due) 21/09/1444 < St Matthew
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Richard Dodde (m) Barber (lately of) Barking < Essex < England Defendant
Thomas Coventre (m) Citizen Carpenter London < England Plaintiff
Thomas Pek (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 410d

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: 40s
Damages awarded: 10s
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: William and John Dunstall state that on 20 March 1445 Simon atte Doune bought from them 1 pair of linen sheets and 9 quarters of barley for 40s, payable on request, but has not paid, to their damage of 40s.

Pleading: SD states that he does not owe the plaintiffs this or any money as claimed. Order that he wager his law at quindene of Trinity. Pledges for law named. Attorney to have him here.

Postea text: SD came, attorney of plaintiffs made essoin to Michaelmas three weeks.

Postea text: Plaintiffs came, SD did not come, in default. Plaintiffs to recover debt of 40s, and damage of 10s. SD amerced.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods St Martin Ludgate < Farringdon Ward Within < London < England (initial) 20/03/1445
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Colyns (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Dunstall (m) Plaintiff
John Phipp (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
John Symons (m) Attorney of defendant
Richard Lytte (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
Simon atte Doune (m) Husbandman Staple < Kent < England Defendant
William Dunstall (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 414

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 100m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Joan More, administrator of the goods and chattels formerly of John Talworth, states that on 20 June 1415 Roger Draycote, now deceased, made bond with JT in £100. She acknowledges satisfaction of £60 of this debt, but neither RD nor his executor, Margaret, or her present husband John Cobbe, have paid the remaining £40, either to RD or to her as his administrator, to her damage of 100m. She shows the bond in court, and the letters of John, Archbishop of Canterbury, by which she has administration.

Pleading: JC and MC state that they ought not owe this debt, as MC was never executor of RD, and never had administration of any of his goods and chattels.

Pleading: JM states that MC administered various goods formerly of RD, as executor of his will, namely in the parish of St Lawrence Jewry, London. Enquiry on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at quindene of Trinity.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Lawrence Jewry < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 20/06/1415
(due) 16/04/1416 < Easter
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Joan More (f) Administrator, Plaintiff
John Cobbe (m) Haberdasher (lately of) London < England Defendant
John Stafford (m) Archbishop Canterbury [archdiocese] Official
John Talworth (m) dec. Wycombe < Buckinghamshire < England Other
Margaret Cobbe (f) (lately of) London < England Defendant, Executor
Roger Draycote (m) dec. Testator
Thomas Gurnay (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 430d

Term: Easter 1447
County: Kent
Writ type: Trespass (against statute)
Damages claimed: £300
Damages awarded: £100
Costs: 100m
Case type: Breach of Statute; Real action / rents / damage to real estate

Pleading: Richard and Joan Bruyn, citing the terms of the statute of 1 Henry V against the creation and use of false or fraudulent documents to disturb possession of land, state that on 16 December 1440, at Rochester, Hugh Caundyssh made various false documents concerning their possession of property in London, namely a deed by which HC gave to John Lane, Thomas Pyke, John Caundyssh, John Welden, Richard Hungate, William Hunte, John Stafford, Benedict Forster and John, son of John Belne certain property, namely three messuages in St Dunstan in the East parish in London, and another document stating that HC appointed Thomas Harlaw as his attorney to make delivery of this property, all in order to disturb them of their possession. As a result of this they have been disturbed of their possession, in contempt of the king, contrary to the statute and to their damage of £300.

Pleading: HC granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity, with assent of RB and JB.

Pleading: [continued at Trinity 1447, rot 126] HC states that the plaintiffs ought not maintain their action, since he states that he was formerly seised of these three messuages with appurtenances in his demesne as of fee, and thus seised by a true and sufficient charter granted them to the aforesaid JL, TP, JC, JW, RH, WH, JS, BF and JB, and Thomas Harlawe was appointed by a true deed to make delivery of the property. The documents were therefore good and sufficient, and not false as claimed by the plaintiffs, and he is not guilty of this fraud as claimed.

Pleading: RB and JB, protesting that C made other false deeds and documents beyond those mentioned by them previously, repeat that HC has made false deeds as they claimed. Enquiry on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at quindene of St John the Baptist.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to Michaelmas one month 1447. Parties come, jurors say that HC is guilty of making false deeds to JL, etc, as claimed by RB and JB, contrary to the statute. Damages assigned at £100, costs at 100m. Further they say that HC is not guilty of making other false deeds. Order that RB and JB recover damages of 250m, and HC be taken. RB and JB also amerced for false claim regarding the other deeds, HC sent without day. RB and JB remit 85m of the damages, of which HC is quit.

Postea text: Record and process on this case sent before the king by virtue of a writ of error directed to Richard Neuton, chief justice, dated at Westminster, 1 January 1448.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/746, rot 126.

Events
Type Place Date
Location of Property St Dunstan in the East < Tower Ward < London < England
Breach of Statute
Charter
Rochester < Kent < England (initial) 16/12/1440
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Benedict Forster (m) Other
Hugh Caundyssh (m) Tailor (lately of) London < England Defendant
Joan Bruyn (f) Plaintiff
John Belne (m) Other
John Caundyssh (m) Other
John Lane (m) Other
John Stafford (m) Other
John Welden (m) Other
Richard Bruyn (m) Plaintiff
Richard Hungate (m) Other
Richard Neuton (m) Chief Justice Justice
Thomas Harlaw (m) Attorney of third party
Thomas Pyke (m) Other
William Hunte (m) Other
William Morton (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 431

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: Henry Kays states that on 27 July 1446 Henry Bell bought from him a certain horse for £4, payable on request, but has not paid, to his damage of 100s.

Pleading: HB granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Postea text: Parties come, HB states that he does not owe this or any money as claimed. Makes his law immediately. HK to take nothing, amerced for false claim. HB sent without day.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods London < England (initial) 27/07/1446
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Bell (m) Fishmonger Alton < Hampshire < England Defendant
Henry Kays (m) Citizen Stockfishmonger London < England Plaintiff
John Miller (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Philip Squyry (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 432

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Nicholas Wymbyssh and John Cammell, executors of the will of John Frank, state that on 5 December 1438 John Twyneho made bond with them and Reginald Kentwode and Peter Peynant, now deceased, in £20, but he did not pay, and nor have William Twyneho and Joan Prelat, his executors, nor William Prelat after his marriage to Joan. This is to their damage of £40. They show the bond in court.

Pleading: WT in person and WP and JP by attorney granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Postea text: 2 further licences to imparl, to octave of Hilary 1448.

Case notes: For an earlier version of this case, see CP 40/740, rot 314.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 05/12/1438
(due) 02/02/1439 < Blessed Virgin Mary, Purification of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Joan Prelat (f) (lately of) Cirencester < Gloucestershire < England Defendant, Executor
John Cammell (m) Clerk Executor, Plaintiff
John Frank (m) dec. Clerk Testator
John Twyneho (m) dec. Gentleman Bristol < Bristol < England Testator
Nicholas Wymbyssh (m) Clerk Executor, Plaintiff
Peter Poynant (m) Executor
Reginald Kentwode (m) dec. Executor
Robert Hoigges (m) Attorney of defendant
Robert Vaus (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Prelat (m) Gentleman Cirencester < Gloucestershire < England Defendant
William Twyneho (m) Gentleman (lately of) London < England alias (lately of) Keyford < Somerset < England Defendant, Executor

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 432d

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Roger Hunte states that on 18 July 1440 John Harper made bond with him in 10m, but has not paid, to his damage of £10. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JH ranted licence to imparl to quindene of Trinity.

Postea text: Further licence to imparl, to octave of Michaelmas 1447.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond London < England (initial) 18/07/1440
(due) 16/04/1441 < Easter
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Edmund Wyghton (m) Attorney of defendant
John Harper (m) Citizen Leatherseller London < England Defendant
Roger Hunte (m) Gentleman Nottingham < Nottinghamshire < England Plaintiff
William Praers (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 434d

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: £10
Damages awarded: 20s
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: Thomas Pope states that on 4 January 1442 John Ovy bought from him one pipe and one hogshead of red wine for £4 10s, payable on request, but has not paid, to his damage of £10.

Pleading: JO granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Postea text: TP came, JO did not come, in default. TP to recover debt, and damages of 20s. JO amerced.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods All Hallows Bread Street < Bread Street Ward < London < England (initial) 04/01/1442
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Ovy (m) Husbandman (lately of) Ipswich < Suffolk < England Defendant
Thomas Pope (m) Citizen Vintner London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 434d

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Bond; Sale of goods

Pleading: Robert Derby states that by an indenture drawn up between him and Edward Smyth, of which he shows the part sealed by ES in court, dated at London on 21 January 1441 [recited in full, in mixture of English and French], ES acknowledged that he owed to RD various sums for woad purchased from him, totalling £70 10s 11¼d. He acknowledges satisfaction of £57 4s 3¼d, but has not been paid the remaining 20m, to his damage of £20.

Pleading: ES granted licence to imparl to quindene of Trinity.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond
Sale of Goods
London < England (initial) 21/01/1441
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Edward Smyth (m) Dyer Reading < Berkshire < England Defendant
John Colyns (m) Attorney of defendant
Robert Draper alias Robert Derby (m) London < England Plaintiff
William Staynford (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 435

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Wotton states that on 5 March 1442 Thomas Bate made bond with him in 42s, but has not paid, to his damage of £10. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: TB presents to the court letters close [recited in full], directed to the justices and dated 12 May 1447, stating that whereas clerks of chancery and their servants were only to be tried on pleas not involving the king in Chancery or before the Chancellor or keeper of the Great Seal, the justices are to cease this case, as TB is a servant of John Bate, a clerk of chancery, and that JW should bring the case in Chancery if he so wishes. Having heard this, TB states that he is a servant of JB, and was on the day of JW's original writ.

Pleading: JW states that his case should proceed, as on the day of his original writ, namely 12 October 1446, TB was an apprentice in law staying in St Dunstan in the West, London, and was not a servant of John Bate.

Pleading: TB states that on the date of the original writ he was a servant of JB as he claimed. Both parties on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at quindene of Trinity.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Martin Orgar < Candlewick Street Ward < London < England (initial) 05/03/1442
(due) 17/04/1446 < Easter
Writ Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 12/05/1447
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Abell (m) Attorney of defendant
John Bate (m) Clerk Chancery [court] Other
John Wotton (m) Citizen Draper London < England Plaintiff
Thomas Bate (m) Esquire (lately of) Pooley < Warwickshire < England Defendant
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 450

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Melborne amerced for many defaults. Joan Dogge states that on 14 May 1440 John Melborne made bond with her in £40, but has not paid, to her damage of £40. She shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JM granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Postea text: further licence to imparl to octave of Michaelmas 1447.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Botolph Billingsgate < Bridge Ward < London < England (initial) 14/05/1440
(due) 29/09/1440 < Michaelmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Hugh Brent (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Joan Dogge (m) Widow London < England Plaintiff
John Melborne (m) Citizen Merchant London < England Defendant
Thomas Adams (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 450d

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Housebreaking; Taking of goods

Pleading: Thomas Whytyngham amerced for many defaults. John Kent states that on 1 September 1443 Thomas Whytyngham forcibly broke into his close and house in London and took and carried off certain goods to the value of 20m, namely 10,000 tiles, 12 carts of timber, 3 doors ('hostia'), 3000 laths, 3000 nails called in English 'sprygge nayles' and 10 keys ('claves'), against the peace and to his damage of £20.

Pleading: TW granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Pleading: [continued at Trinity term 1447, rot 109d] TW denies responsibility for this trespass as claimed. Both parties on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at octave of Michaelmas.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/746, rot 109d

Events
Type Place Date
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Kent (m) Plaintiff
Thomas Cook (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Hever (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Whytyngham (m) Tailor London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 459d

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Arbitration; Sale of goods

Pleading: Henry Keys states that on 20 January 1444 John Hall bought from him 28 caulked casks (or casks of bitumen) ('cados bituminis') for £9 16s 8d, payable on request, but he has not paid, to his damage of £10.

Pleading: JH granted licence to imparl to quindene of Trinity, with assent of HK.

Pleading: [continued at Trinity term 1447, rot 131] JH states that long after this supposed purchase, at Salisbury, by the mediation of their friends, they made an agreement regarding this and all other outstanding debts and quarrels between them, namely that these would be quit if JH gave to HK 10 pieces of woollen cloth called kersey, which he duly delivered.

Pleading: HK states that there was never any such agreement between them. Both parties on the country. Sheriff of Wiltshire to have jury of Salisbury here at quindene of Michaelmas.

Postea text: 2 posteas, sheriff did not send writ, to quindene of Easter.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/476, rot 131.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods St Magnus the Martyr < Bridge Ward < London < England (initial) 20/01/1444
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Keys (m) Citizen Stockfishmonger London < England Plaintiff
John Hall (m) Merchant Salisbury < Wiltshire < England Defendant
John Miller (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Richard Brounyng (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 460

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Abduction; Housebreaking; Imprisonment

Pleading: John Belle, Prior of the hospital of St Mary of Elsing Spital within Cripplegate, states that on 8 April 1447 John Carter, Walter Muschamp and Thomas Apulton broke his close and house in London and abducted him, imprisoning him for three hours, against the peace and to his damage of £40.

Pleading: JC, WM and TA granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity, with assent of JB.

Postea text: Further licence to imparl to octave of Michaelmas 1447, with assent.

Events
Type Place Date
Abduction
House-breaking
Imprisonment
St Mary Aldermanbury < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 08/04/1447
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Belle (m) Prior Elsing Spital [hospital] London < England Plaintiff
John Carter (m) Currier London < England Defendant
Richard Skylfull (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Apulton (m) Notary London < England Defendant
Walter Muschamp (m) Chaplain London < England Defendant
William Staynford (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 460

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 100s
Damages awarded: 13s 4d
Costs: 53s 4d
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Adam Semy states that on 31 August 1446 Philip Kery made bond with him in £20, but has not paid, to his damage of 100s. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: PK states that he ought not owe this debt, since after the making of the bond, AS, by a document which he shows in court, dated 20 January 1447, released and quitclaimed him from all actions real and personal pending between them.

Pleading: AS states that this release was not of his making. Enquiry on the country. Sheriff to have jury of St Andrew Holborn here at octave of Trinity. Document to remain in custody of Robert Darcy for safe-keeping.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, sicut prius, to octave of St John the Baptist.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to quindene of Easter 1448, nisi prius they come before Richard Neuton at St Martin le Grand on 14 February 1448. On this day, AS came, RN sent record that on that day, before RN and John Danyell, parties came, jury said that the release was not made of AS. Damages assigned to AS at 13s 4d, costs at 26s 8d. AS to recover debt of £20, and damages at 40s assigned by the jury, and another 26s 8d assigned by the court, to a total of 4m (sic). PK to be taken.

Postea text: AS acknowledged satisfaction of the debt and damages. PK quit.

Events
Type Place Date
Release (from Debt/obligation) St Andrew Holborn < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 20/01/1447
Bond St Michael Cornhill < Cornhill Ward < London < England (initial) 31/08/1446
(due) 29/09/1446 < Michaelmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Adam Semy (m) Citizen Barber London < England Plaintiff
John Danyell (m) Justice
Philip Kery (m) Citizen Draper London < England Defendant
Richard Neuton (m) Chief Justice Common Pleas [court] Justice
Robert Darcy (m) King's Clerk Official
William Staynford (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 468

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Other
Damages claimed: -
Case type: Contract (general); Detention of goods

Pleading: Thomas, Prior of Holy Trinity the Great in London, amerced for many defaults. Thomas, Prior of Holy Trinity, was summoned to answer John Rous regarding a plea that he render to him 4 silk gowns, 1638 'conventual' loaves, 1638 gallons of the best 'conventual' beer, 1638 kitchen dishes, 440 faggots of wood, and £9, the arrears of an annuity of 1 gown, 364 loaves, 64 (recte 364?) gallons of beer, 364 dishes, 100 faggots of wood and 40s, which he owes. Parties come by attorney, day given at octave of Trinity.

Postea text: JR came, Prior did not come. To octave of John the Baptist.

Case notes: This plea appears earlier on this same rotulet, headed Yorkshire, but with many details deliberately erased. Later pleading, with increased amounts, on CP 40/748, rot 502.

Events
Type Place Date
Contract (not Service/employment)
Detention of Goods
England
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Rous (m) Plaintiff
Thomas Adams (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Pomery (m) Prior Holy Trinity Priory, Aldgate [priory] London < England Defendant
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 471

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Damages awarded: 40s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Thomas Skargyll states that on 19 September 1446 Robert Godston made two bonds with him, each in 13m 10d, but has not paid either, to his damage of £20. He shows the bonds in court.

Pleading: RG granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Postea text: TS came, RG did not come, in default. TS to recover debt, and damages at 40s. RG amerced.

Postea text: TS acknowledges satisfaction of the debt. RG quit.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Andrew Undershaft < Aldgate Ward < London < England (initial) 19/09/1446
(due) 02/02/1447 < Blessed Virgin Mary, Purification of
Bond St Andrew Undershaft < Aldgate Ward < London < England (initial) 19/09/1446
(due) 01/11/1446 < All Saints
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
[omitted] Bury (m) Attorney of defendant
Robert Godston (m) Gentleman (lately of) Rainham < Essex < England Defendant
Thomas Skargyll (m) Yeoman of the Crown Valet of the Crown Havering-atte-Bower < Essex < England Plaintiff
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 471d

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 40s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Thomas Adams states that on 14 January 1447 John Aleyn made bond with him in 46s 8d, payable on the octave of the Purification, but has not paid, to his damage of 40s. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JA granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Andrew Holborn < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 14/01/1447
(due) 09/02/1447
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Aleyn (m) Brewer London < England Defendant
Thomas Adams (m) Gentleman London < England Plaintiff
Thomas Cook (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 473

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Account
Damages claimed: £5000
Case type: Contract (service/employment); Reckoning of account

Pleading: William Cantelowe and Joce Faukes, administrators of the goods of Edmund, late earl of March, state that Hugh Cresset was receiver of money for the earl of March from Michaelmas 1424 until 19 January 1425, and received in London, in the parish of St Mary Colechurch, various sums from various people [names and amounts detailed], to the use and profit of the earl, for which he was to render reasonable account. However, the earl then died intestate, and HC has refused to render this account. In the Parliament held at Westminster in 12 Henry VI (1433), by a petition granted by the advice of the lords, it was ordered that administration of the Earl's goods be granted by Henry, then archbishop of Canterbury, to WC and JF, by letters patent shown in this court, dated 6 December 1433 [recited in full, including full recital of original petition (in French) to the Commons from the creditors of the Earl asking that administrators be appointed urgently (TNA SC 8/26/1296, Rot. Parl., IV, pp.470-1)]. The plaintiffs state that they are the same people appointed, and show in court the letters of Henry, archbishop of Canterbury, dated at Lambeth on 4 December 1433 (sic), granting them administration. By this it seems to them that they are entitled to the account of HC, but he refuses to provide this, to their damage of £5000.

Pleading: HC granted licence to imparl to the octave of Trinity.

Postea text: Further licence to imparl to quindene of Michaelmas 1447.

Events
Type Place Date
Letters Patent Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 06/12/1433
Service/employment Contract St Mary Colechurch < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 29/09/1424
(due) 19/01/1425
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Edmund Mortimer (m) dec. Earl March [earldom] Other
Henry Chichele (m) Archbishop Canterbury [archdiocese] Official
Hugh Cresset (m) Gentleman Upton Cressett < Shropshire < England Defendant
Joce Faukes (m) Saddler London < England Administrator, Plaintiff
John Colbache (m) Other
John Eltonhed (m) Other
John Holyn (m) Other
John Michell (m) Other
John Throgmorton (m) Esquire Other
John Tyrell (m) Knight Other
John Welyngton (m) Other
Lewis Lloyd (m) Other
Nicholas Dixon (m) Clerk Other
Nicholas West (m) Other
Richard Norman (m) Other
Richard Thornburgh (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Roger Atkyns (m) Other
Thomas Hethe (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Newenam (m) Other
Thomas Whitgreve (m) Other
Walter Lucy (m) Knight Other
William Cantelowe (m) Mercer London < England Administrator, Plaintiff
William Wylley (m) Other

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 476

Term: Easter 1447
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: 40s
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: Thomas Brown, brewer, states that on 8 January 1446 Thomas Broun, labourer, bought from him one horse for 40s, payable on request, but has not paid, to his damage of 40s.

Pleading: TB, labourer, granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Pleading: [continued at Trinity 1447, rot 303] TB, labourer, states that he does not owe TB, brewer, this or any money as claimed. Both parties on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at quindene of Michaelmas.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/476, rot 303.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods Stratford-atte-Bowe < Middlesex < England (initial) 08/01/1446
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Tanfeld (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Broun (m) Labourer Stratford at Bow < Middlesex < England Defendant
Thomas Brown (m) Brewer London < England Plaintiff
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 476

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Bedford states that on 7 January 1439 Alexander Order made bond with him in £4 6s 8d, but has not paid, to his damage of 100s. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: AO granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Pleading: [continued at Trinity term 1447, rot 129] AO states that the bond was not of his making. Both parties on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at quindene of Michaelmas. Bond to remain in custody of Robert Darcy for safe-keeping.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, to morrow of All Souls.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/476, rot 129.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Bride Fleet Street < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 07/01/1439
(due) 02/02/1439 < Blessed Virgin Mary, Purification of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Alexander Order (m) Citizen Butcher London < England Defendant
John Bedford (m) St James, Westminster [hospital] Westminster < Middlesex < England Plaintiff
John Medeley (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Robert Darcy (m) King's Clerk Official
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/745, rot. 476d

Term: Easter 1447
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Bedford, by attorney [omitted], states that on 29 June 1441 John Machon made bond with him in 63s 4d, but has not paid, to his damage of 100s. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JM granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Case notes: Same debt, different damages claim, on CP 40/746, rot 493.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond London < England (initial) 29/06/1441
(due) 24/08/1441 < St Bartholomew
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Bedford (m) St James, Westminster [hospital] Westminster < Middlesex < England Plaintiff
John Machon (m) Citizen Butcher London < England Defendant
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of defendant