CP40/797
Easter term 1460

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Centre for Metropolitan History

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Jonathan Mackman and Matthew Stevens

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2010

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'CP40/797: Easter term 1460', Court of common pleas: The National Archives, CP40: 1399-1500 (2010). URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=118128 Date accessed: 21 November 2014.


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Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 012
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 103d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 109
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 110
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 115
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 115d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 117d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 119
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 123
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 123d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 127
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 130
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 133d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 134
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 134d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 137
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 141
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 143
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 149d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 150d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 152d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 155
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 158
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 160d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 176
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 176d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 249
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 249d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 262
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 265
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 272
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 274
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 302
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 306d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 307d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 311
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 315d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 315d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 317
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 330
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 338
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 345d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 346d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 352
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 352
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 352d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 372
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 373d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 385
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 385d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 386d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 400
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 408d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 411d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 419
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 419
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 434
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 435d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 436
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 439
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 439
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 439d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 439d

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 012

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (loan)
Damages claimed: 4m
Case type: Loan

Pleading: John Thorp states that on 20 September 1444 John Sandes borrowed 40s from him, payable on request, but has not re-paid this, to his damage of 4m.

Pleading: JS states that he does not owe JT this or any money as claimed. Makes his law immediately. Order that JT take nothing, amerced for false claim. JS sent without day.

Events
Type Place Date
Loan St Sepulchre without Newgate < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 20/09/1444
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Quyk (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Sandes (m) Mercer London < England Defendant
John Thorp (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 103d

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond; Imprisonment

Pleading: Joan, formerly the wife of Richard Baret, states that on 9 September 1456 John Baret made a bond with her in 20m, but has not paid, to her damage of £10. She shows the bond in court.

Pleading: John B states that he ought not owe this debt, as he made the bond only after suffering great threats of imprisonment from Joan B and her associates at Middleton, and made the bond under duress.

Pleading: Joan B states that John B made the bond freely and not under any duress. Enquiry by country, sheriff of Norfolk to have jury of Middleton here at quindene of Trinity.

Postea text: 3 posteas, sheriff did not send writ, to quindene of Easter 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Imprisonment Middleton < Norfolk < England (initial) 09/09/1456
Bond St Sepulchre without Newgate < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 09/09/1456
(due) 11/11/1456 < Martinmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
James Gresham (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Joan Baret (f) (lately of) Heacham < Norfolk < England Plaintiff
John Baret (m) Gentleman Heacham < Norfolk < England Defendant
John Hawe (m) Attorney of defendant
Richard Baret (m) dec. Heacham < Norfolk < England Other

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 109

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Pelet states that on 9 July 1457 Thomas Legette made a bond with him in £50. JP acknowledges that he has been paid £10 of this debt, but TL has not paid the remaining £40, to his damage of £40. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: TL granted licence to imparl, to octave of Trinity. Pledges named for defendant.

Postea text: 2 further licences to imparl, to octave of Hilary 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Mary Aldermary < Cordwainer Street Ward < London < England (initial) 09/07/1457
(due) 24/06/1458 < St John the Baptist, Nativity of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Edward Wheteley (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
John Eton (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
John Legate (m) Pinner London < England Surety for defendant
John Pelet (m) Citizen Skinner London < England Plaintiff
Thomas Hever (m) Gentleman Crayford < Kent < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Legat alias Thomas Legette (m) Citizen Goldsmith (lately of) London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 110

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 40m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: William Stede states that on 2 June 1449, in London [parish and ward omitted] John Wyche, now deceased, made a bond with him in 200m, payable at Michaelmas then next. WS acknowledges that he has been paid 140m of this sum, but he has not received the remaining £40, either from JW or from his executors, his widow Agnes and Richard Brampton, to his damage of 40m. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: Agnes Wyche and Richard Brampton granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Postea text: 3 further licences to imparl, to Easter one month 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond London < England (initial) 02/06/1449
(due) 29/09/1449 < Michaelmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Agnes Wyche (f) Widow London < England Defendant, Executor
John Quyk (m) Attorney of defendant
John Wyche (m) dec. Citizen Tailor London < England Testator
Richard Brampton (m) Citizen Saddler London < England Defendant, Executor
William Stede (m) Gentleman London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 115

Term: Easter 1460
County: Sussex
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Housebreaking; Trespass (chattels)

Pleading: John Jakelyn, William Bukholt, Thomas Vynehawe and Richard Natbroune state that on 28 March 1459 John Hunt and Stephen Adam forcibly broke their close at Hollington and destroyed their grass to a value of 40s. This was against the peace and to their damage of £10.

Pleading: JH and SA deny responsibility for this trespass as claimed. Parties on country, jury here at morrow of Ascension.

Postea text: 3 posteas, sheriff did not send writ, to morrow of All Souls 1460.

Events
Type Place Date
Destruction of Chattels
House-breaking
Hollington < Sussex < England (initial) 28/03/1459
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Hunt (m) Hosier London < England Defendant
John Jakelyn (m) Plaintiff
John Quyk (m) Attorney of defendant
Richard Natbroune (m) Plaintiff
Stephen Adam (m) Husbandman Crowhurst < Sussex < England Defendant
Thomas Vynehawe (m) Plaintiff
William Bukholt (m) Plaintiff
William Fagger (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 115d

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Damages awarded: 20s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: William Chattok states that on 3 March 1455 John Waynflete made a bond with him in £5 6s 8d, but has not paid, to his damage of £10. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JW granted licence to imparl to morrow of St John the Baptist.

Postea text: Further licence to imparl, to octave of Michaelmas 1460.

Postea text: WC came, JW did not come, in default. Order that WC recover debt, and damages and costs assigned at 20s. JW amerced.

Postea text: WC acknowledged satisfaction of debt and damages. JW quit.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Margaret Fish Street Hill < Bridge Ward < London < England (initial) 03/03/1455
(due) 01/11/1455 < All Saints
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Waynflete jnr (m) Gentleman (lately of) Westleton < Suffolk < England Defendant
Robert Buxton (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Aleyn (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Chattok (m) Citizen Fishmonger London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 117d

Term: Easter 1460
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: William Holman states that on 22 October 1455 Robert Pekham made a bond with him in 46s 4d, but has not paid, to his damage of 100s. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: RP granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 22/10/1455
(due) 25/12/1455 < Christmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Brykhed (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Monemouth (m) Attorney of defendant
Robert Pekham (m) Citizen Bladesmith London < England Defendant
William Holman (m) Clerk Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 119

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Stone states that on 21 March 1448, in London [parish and ward omitted] William Benet made three bonds with him, each in 40s, payable at different dates. However, WB has not paid these debts, to his damage of £10. He shows the bonds in court.

Pleading: WB granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond London < England (initial) 21/03/1448
(due) 24/06/1457 < St John the Baptist, Nativity of
Bond London < England (initial) 21/03/1448
(due) 29/09/1456 < Michaelmas
Bond London < England (initial) 21/03/1448
(due) 02/04/1457 < Easter
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Nethirsole (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Stone (m) Citizen Tailor London < England Plaintiff
Richard Alcok (m) Attorney of defendant
William Benet (m) Citizen Draper London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 123

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Bond; Imprisonment

Pleading: John Straunge states that on 5 November 1458 Thomas Payne made a bond with him in £40, but has not paid, to his damage of £20. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: TP states that he ought not owe this debt, as at the time of the making of the bond he was imprisoned by JS and his associates in the parish of All Hallows in Bread Street ward, London, and kept there until he made the bond under duress.

Pleading: JS denies this, stating that TP made the bond freely and not under duress. Enquiry by the country, sheriff of London to have jury of All Hallows Bread Street here at Easter five weeks.

Events
Type Place Date
Imprisonment All Hallows Bread Street < Bread Street Ward < London < England (initial) 05/11/1458
Bond St Mary Somerset < Castle Baynard Ward < London < England (initial) 05/11/1458
(due) 25/12/1458 < Christmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Straunge (m) Esquire Plaintiff
Thomas Payne jnr (m) Husbandman (lately of) Brampton < Suffolk < England Defendant
Walter Raulyns (m) Attorney of defendant
William Boundes (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 123d

Term: Easter 1460
County: Staffordshire
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Damages awarded: 40s
Costs: 60s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Thomas Haywod states that on 1 October 1453 Richard Alanson, now deceased, made bond with him in Lichfield in 40m, payable at Easter then next. However, he has not been paid this, either by RA himself or by the defendant Henry Alanson, to whom administration of the goods formerly of RA, who died intestate, in various dioceses of the province of Canterbury were committed at Lambeth by Thomas, Archbishop of Canterbury. This was to his damage of £20.

Pleading: HA states that, by the date of TH's original writ, he had made full administration of all the goods formerly of RA, and had none left in his hands on that day or afterwards.

Pleading: TH states that on the day of his original writ, namely 12 January 1459, HA still had various goods in his hands formerly of RA to the value of this debt, namely at Lichfield, by which he could have paid this debt. Enquiry by country, jury here at quindene of Trinity.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to octave of Hilary, when pleading was postponed to quindene of Easter 1461, before which the plea was to remain without day, as Edward IV had taken the throne from Henry VI [details given]. In Trinity term 1461 TH sought fresh writ of resumption to the sheriff, to summon HA here again to hear record and judgment, and the jury; this was granted, returnable at Michaelmas one month 1461.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to quindene of Easter 1462, nisi prius they come before the justices of assize at Stafford on Monday next before St Chad (1 March 1462). On this day, TH came, justices of assize sent record that on that day, Richard Byngham and Richard Chokke, justices of assize, parties came, jury stated that on the day of the original writ (12 January 1459), HA did still have various goods and chattels formerly of RA in his hands and not administered at Lichfield, sufficient to pay this debt. Damages assigned at 40s, costs at 60s. Order that TH recover his debt from the goods of RA still in HA's hands, and the damages from those goods or, if they are insufficient, from the goods of HA himself. HA amerced.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Lichfield < Staffordshire < England (initial) 01/10/1453
(due) 21/04/1454 < Easter
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Alanson (m) Grocer (lately of) London < England Administrator, Defendant
Richard Alanson (m) dec. Gentleman London < England Intestator
Richard Byngham (m) Justice
Richard Chokke (m) Justice
Thomas Haywod (m) Clerk Plaintiff
Thomas Heth (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 127

Term: Easter 1460
County: Suffolk
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 20m
Damages awarded: 40s
Costs: 5m
Case type: Bond; Imprisonment

Pleading: John Shilley and Walter Coket state that on 16 September 1458 John Illery made a bond with them at Ingham in £39 3s 4d, payable on 1 October next, but has not paid, to their damage of 20m. They show the bond in court.

Pleading: JI states that he ought not owe this debt, as at the time of the making of the bond he was imprisoned by JS and WC and their associates at Hadleigh, and kept there until he made the bond under duress.

Pleading: JS and WC deny this, stating that JI made the bond freely and not under duress. Enquiry by the country, sheriff of Suffolk to have jury of Hadleigh here at octave of Trinity. Pledges named for defendant. Plaintiffs appoint John Martyn as attorney. Writ delivered to John Bysshop, deputy of the sheriff of Suffolk, on 19 May this term for execution.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to quindene of Hilary 1461, then adjourned to Easter three weeks 1461, before which it remained without day after Edward IV removed Henry VI from power. On 8 May 1462, plaintiffs sought new writ to the sheriff to re-summon JI to appear on this charge, and to bring jurors, and this was granted, returnable at the octave of Trinity 1462

Postea text: Plaintiffs came, JI did not come. Sheriff sent that he had nothing, to take to be here at quindene of St John the Baptist. Jury in respite to same term, as did not come. ON that day, plaintiffs came, JI did not come, not found. In default, jury in respite to quindene of Michaelmas 1462, nisi prius they come before the justices of assize in Suffolk at Henhowe on 28 July 1462, as jury did not come.

Postea text: On this day, plaintiffs came, justices sent record that on that day, before Peter Ardern and Thomas Billyng, justices of assize, plaintiffs came, jury came, said that at the time of the bond JI was free and not imprisoned, and made the bond freely and not under duress. Damages assigned at 40s, costs at 4m. Order that JS and WC recover debt, and damages of 7m, together with a further 13s 4d costs awarded by the justices, to a total of 8m. JI amerced.

Postea text: Record and process summoned before the king by virtue of a writ of error directed to Robert Danby, chief justice, dated 1 July 1463.

Events
Type Place Date
Imprisonment Hadleigh < Suffolk < England (initial) 16/09/1458
Bond Ingham < Suffolk < England (initial) 16/09/1458
(due) 01/10/1458
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Gregory Langham (m) Gentleman Ipswich < Suffolk < England Surety for defendant
John Bernard (m) Gentleman Akenham < Suffolk < England Surety for defendant
John Illery jnr (m) Dyer Hadleigh < Suffolk < England Defendant
John Martyn (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Martyn (m) Gentleman Burgate < Suffolk < England Surety for defendant
John Shilley (m) Grocer London < England Plaintiff
Peter Ardern (m) Knight Justice
Robert Danby (m) Chief Justice Official
Thomas Billyng (m) Justice
Thomas Eldwyn (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
Walter Coket (m) London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 130

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Bond; Detention of goods; Safe keeping

Pleading: Thomas Adams states that on 1 March 1458 he delivered to Richard Semer for safe-keeping a certain document, in which it was contained that a certain Robert Ver was bound to a certain John Kyng and Thomas Lucy, now deceased, in £15 8s. This was to be returned to TA on request, but RS has refused, to his damage of £20.

Pleading: RS granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity. RS appoints [omitted] Halewell as attorney, with assent of TA.

Postea text: 2 further licences to imparl, to octave of Hilary 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond England
Safe Keeping St Sepulchre without Newgate < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 01/03/1458
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
[missing] Halewell (m) Attorney of defendant
John Kyng (m) dec. Creditor
Richard Semer (m) Fishmonger London < England Defendant
Robert Ver (m) Knight Debtor
Thomas Adams (m) Plaintiff
Thomas Lucy (m) dec. Creditor

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 133d

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 20m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Thomas Gille states that on 8 January 1449 John Wychehals made a bond with him in £24 23d, payable on Ash Wednesday next, but has not paid, to his damage of 20m. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JW granted licence to imparl to quindene of Trinity, with assent of TG.

Postea text: Further licence to imparl to quindene of Michaelmas 1460.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 08/01/1449
(due) 26/02/1449
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Wychehals (m) Merchant Dartmouth < Devon < England Defendant
Richard Levermore (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Gille snr (m) Esquire Plaintiff
William Leycroft (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 134

Term: Easter 1460
County: Berkshire
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond

Pleading: William Say, Dean of St Paul's and master of the hospital of St Anthony in London, and William Harryes, state that on 30 July 1457, at Abingdon, William Forster made a bond with them in 20m, payable at Christmas, then next. However, he has not paid, to their damage of £10. They show the bond in court.

Pleading: WF granted licence to imparl to octave of St John the Baptist, with assent of plaintiffs. Pledges named for defendant.

Postea text: 2 further licences to imparl, to quindene of Easter 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Abingdon < Berkshire < England (initial) 30/07/1457
(due) 25/12/1457 < Christmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Gelys (m) Yeoman Bristol < Bristol < England Surety for defendant
John Harryes (m) Dauber London < England Plaintiff
John Lowe (m) Mason Exeter < Devon < England Surety for defendant
John Thomas (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
William Forster (m) Pardoner (lately of) Exeter < Devon < England Defendant
William Say (m) Dean St Paul's Cathedral, London [cathedral] London < England Plaintiff
William Thornton (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 134d

Term: Easter 1460
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: 20m
Case type: Housebreaking; Taking of goods

Pleading: Richard Snowe states that on 28 September 1459 Henry Prat, together with William Reve, forcibly broke into his house in St Giles in the Fields, Middlesex, and took goods and chattels to the value of £10, namely 20 stones of wool. This was against the peace, and to his damage of 20m.

Pleading: HP denies responsibility for this trespass as claimed. Parties on country, jury here at octave of Trinity. RS appoints Simon Harry or John Humberston as his attorney.

Postea text: 3 posteas, sheriff did not send writ, to quindene of Easter 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
House-breaking
Taking of Goods
St Giles in the Fields < Middlesex < England (initial) 28/09/1459
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Prat (m) Capper London < England Defendant
John Humberston (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Richard Snowe (m) Plaintiff
Simon Harry (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Stephen Reve (m) Attorney of defendant
William Reve (m) Labourer London < England Accessory

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 137

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Detention of goods; Real action / rents / damage to real estate

Pleading: Thomas Eyre states that he was seised in his demesne as of fee of a messuage with adjacent garden and appurtenances in Maidstone in Kent, and formerly possessed a charter by which a certain John Jordan of Maidstone granted this property to a certain Stephen Colley of Maidstone, by name of a certain messuage in the street called East Lane in Maidstone, next to the garden of John Colbrand to the east and south, the messuage of SC himself to the west and the king's street to the north, to hold in perpetuity of the chief lord of the fee. TE states that he lost that charter, but on 5 December 1457, in the parish of St Bartholomew in Broad Street ward, London, this charter came into the possession of John Godyn, who now refuses to return it to TE, to his damage of £40.

Pleading: JG admits the action, and that he has detained the charter. Order that TE recover the charter, JG amerced. JG delivers the charter to TE in court. JG quit of the detention. TE remits whatever damages might be due, without enquiry.

Events
Type Place Date
Detention of Goods St Bartholomew by the Exchange < Broad Street Ward < London < England (initial) 05/12/1457
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Colbrand (m) Other
John Godyn (m) Grocer London < England Defendant
John Jordan (m) Maidstone < Kent < England Other
Robert Vaus (m) Attorney of defendant
Stephen Colley (m) Maidstone < Kent < England Other
Thomas Eyre (m) Citizen Draper London < England Plaintiff
William Praers (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 141

Term: Easter 1460
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Debt (other)
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Real action / rents / damage to real estate

Pleading: William Chedworth states that on 24 June 1453, at Stepney, he demised to John Stone a messuage with appurtenances in the parish of St Antholin, Cordwainer Street ward, London, formerly inhabited by Christopher Warner, to hold for 20 years, at an annual rent of £8, due equally at the four usual terms. By virtue of this, JS occupied this property, but was in arrears by 6m for the sums due at Michaelmas and Christmas 1459, which have not been paid. JS has refused to pay these sums to WC, to his damage of £40.

Pleading: JS states that the action ought not be maintained as on 24 June 1459 he gave up all his rights in this property, to which WC agreed.

Pleading: WC states that JS did not give up his interests in this property on that day, as he claims. Enquiry by country, sheriff of London to have jury here at Easter five weeks. Pledges named.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to octave of Hilary 1461, when pleading adjourned to quindene of Easter, before which pleading remained without day as Edward IV had removed Henry VI from the throne. Later, on 28 June 1461, WC came and sought a writ to the sheriff of Middlesex to re-summon JS to court to hear the judgment, and to have the jury there. This was granted, returnable at quindene of Michaelmas 1461.

Case notes: Further incomplete enrolment on rot 142.

Events
Type Place Date
Location of Property St Antholin Budge Row < Cordwainer Street Ward < London < England
Release (from Debt/obligation) St Antholin Budge Row < Cordwainer Street Ward < London < England (initial) 24/06/1459
Rental Agreement Stepney < Middlesex < England (initial) 24/06/1453
(due) 24/06/1473
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Christopher Wartyr (m) Citizen Skinner London < England Other
John Beverley (m) Skinner London < England Surety for defendant
John Stone (m) Skinner (lately of) London < England Defendant
Roger Maden (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
Simon Elryngton (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Heyward (m) Skinner London < England Surety for defendant
William Chedworth (m) Esquire Plaintiff
William Stonnys (m) Skinner London < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 143

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Aleyn states that on 3 January 1459 William Rede made a bond with him in £16 8d, but has not paid, to his damage of £10. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: WR states that he should not owe this debt, as at the time of the bond he was under 21 years of age.

Pleading: JA states that at the time of the bond WR was over 21 years of age. Enquiry by country, jury here at quindene of Trinity.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to octave of Hilary 1461, when pleading adjourned to Easter 1461, before which the case remained without day following the removal of Henry VI by Edward IV. Later, on 28 June 1461, JA sought a writ to the sheriff of London to re-summon WR to hear the jury, and to have the jury here; this was granted, returnable at the octave of Michaelmas 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Matthew Friday Street < Farringdon Ward Within < London < England (initial) 03/01/1459
(due) 25/03/1459 < Easter
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Aleyn (m) Citizen Goldsmith London < England Plaintiff
Ralph Amyas (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Aleyn (m) Attorney of defendant
William Rede (m) Esquire (lately of) Checkendon < Oxfordshire < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 149d

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: 40m
Case type: Housebreaking; Trespass (chattels)

Pleading: John Whyte states that on 10 October 1456 John Wayneshede forcibly broke his close at Deptford and destroyed his grass growing there to a value of £20, against the peace and to his damage of 40m.

Pleading: Wayneshede granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity, with assent of White. Pledges named.

Pleading: [continued at Michaelmas 1460, rot 455] Wayneshede denies force and arms; parties on country. Regarding the rest, he states that White ought not have his action, as the close concerned, and the place where the alleged trespass occurred, are 100 acres of pasture in Deptford, which Whyte, long before the date of the alleged trespass, namely 2 October 1456, in London, demised to Wayneshede for 8 weeks to pasture 12 oxen, 6 cows, 2 horses and 80 sheep, at a rent of 8s. He therefore pastured his animals there at this time according to the terms of this agreement.

Pleading: Whyte states that he did not demise this pasture to Wayneshede for pasturing his animals as Wayneshede has claimed. Enquiry by country, sheriff of London to have jury here at octave of Martinmas.

Postea text: Further licence to imparl, to octave of Michaelmas 1460.

Postea text: [on CP 40/799, rot 455] Sheriff did not send writ, to octave of Hilary 1461.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/799, rot 455.

Events
Type Place Date
Rental Agreement St Leonard Eastcheap < Bridge Ward < London < England (initial) 02/10/1456
Destruction of Chattels Deptford < Kent < England (initial) 10/10/1456
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Pytmyster (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Wayneshede (m) Butcher (lately of) London < England Defendant
John Whyte (m) Plaintiff
Richard Noke alias Richard Nook (m) Butcher London < England Surety for defendant
Robert Pounde alias Robert Pound (m) Butcher London < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Prat (m) Butcher London < England Surety for defendant
William Flegge (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Goolde alias William Goold (m) Butcher London < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 150d

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Taking of goods

Pleading: John Love states that on 12 October 1452 John Cornyssh forcibly took and carried away 20 barrels of beer worth 6m, against the peace and to his damage of £10.

Pleading: JC denies responsibility for this trespass as claimed. Parties on country, jury here at octave of Trinity.

Events
Type Place Date
Taking of Goods St Giles without Cripplegate < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 12/10/1452
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Cornyssh (m) Brewer London < England Defendant
John Love (m) Plaintiff
Peter Benet (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 152d

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: 20m
Case type: Assault; Housebreaking

Pleading: John Myddylham states that on 4 March 1460 William Dene and John Kyghley, together with John Stokker, forcibly broke into his house in London and assaulted him, beating and wounding him, and making such great threats against him that he dare not go about his business, namely performing divine services and collecting his money, through fear of death or injury for a long time, namely from that 4 March until the date of his original writ, 14 March 1460. This was against the peace, and to his damage of 20m.

Pleading: WD and JK granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity, with assent of JM.

Pleading: [Followed by mesne process of same case against JS, who did not come. Sheriff to attach, sends that he was attached by pledge of John Gode and Thomas Kente. They amerced, JS to be distrained to appear at octave of Trinity.]

Postea text: 2 further licences to imparl, to octave of Hilary 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Assault
House-breaking
St Michael le Querne < Farringdon Ward Within < London < England (initial) 04/03/1460
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Gode (m) Surety other
John Kyghley (m) Gentleman (lately of) London < England Defendant
John Myddylham (m) Clerk Plaintiff
John Stokker (m) Gentleman (lately of) London < England Accessory
Robert Forster (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Kente (m) Surety other
William Dene (m) Gentleman (lately of) London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 155

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Richard Quatermayns states that on 20 October 1455 Roger Fastnam made a bond with him in £20, but has not paid, to his damage of £10. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: RF granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity, with assent of RQ. Pledges named.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Nicholas Olave < Queenhithe Ward < London < England (initial) 20/10/1455
(due) 01/11/1455 < All Saints
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Fraunceys (m) Gentleman Maidenhead < Berkshire < England Surety for defendant
Richard Quaturmayns alias Richard Quatermayns (m) Esquire Plaintiff
Roger Fastnam (m) Yeoman New Windsor < Berkshire < England Defendant
Thomas Broun (m) Shearman New Windsor < Berkshire < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Gurney (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Kelowe (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
William Bullok (m) Husbandman New Windsor < Berkshire < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 158

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Bond; Real action / rents / damage to real estate

Pleading: Thomas Thorndon states that on 2 March 1458 Robert atte Mille made a bond with him in £40, but has not paid, to his damage of £20. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: RM asks to hear the bond and endorsement, and these are read in court. The terms of the endorsement are such that if RM or his executors should pay TT, his executors or assigns, for the farm of the manor of Rocklands alias Boreham, and for the rectory of Hailsham, demised at farm to RM by TT and one Thomas Grove for a term of 2½ years from Michaelmas last, rendering £46 13s 4d annually [payment dates specified], then the bond shall be cancelled. Having heard this, RM states that he has paid the sums due for this manor and rectory, at Wartling, according to the terms of the agreement.

Pleading: TT, protesting that RM has not paid him any money for this farm from the time of the agreement, states that RM did not pay the £23 6s 8d due within 15 days of the feast of Hilary 1459, which should have been paid according to the terms of the endorsement.

Pleading: RM states that he did pay TT the £23 6s 8d due within 15 days of the feast of Hilary 1459, according to the terms of the agreement. Parties on country, sheriff of Sussex to have jury here at octave of Trinity.

Postea text: 2 posteas, sheriff did not send writ, to morrow of All Souls 1460.

Postea text: Jury in respite to octave of Hilary, when case adjourned to quindene of Easter, before which the pleading remained without day, as Edward IV had removed Henry VI from the throne. Later, on 28 June 1461, TT sought writ to the sheriff of London, where the plea originated, to re-summon RM to hear the jury and judgment, and to the sheriff of Sussex to have the jury here. These were granted , returnable at the quindene of Michaelmas.

Events
Type Place Date
Rental Agreement Rocklands < Sussex < England (initial) 02/03/1458
Bond St Martin Orgar < Candlewick Street Ward < London < England (initial) 02/03/1458
(due) 24/06/1458 < St John the Baptist, Nativity of
Rental Agreement Hailsham < Sussex < England (initial) 02/03/1458
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Gregory Langham (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Knot (m) Attorney of defendant
Robert atte Mille (m) Yeoman Wartling < Sussex < England Defendant
Thomas Grove (m) Chaplain Other
Thomas Thorndon (m) Citizen Draper London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 160d

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (account)
Damages claimed: 5m
Case type: Reckoning of account

Pleading: William Russell, clerk to John Ferrers, clerk of the Bench, according to the privileges afforded to the officials of that court, states that on 10 January 1460 Henry Hervy accounted with him in Holborn, in the parish of St Andrew, for various sums of money received by HH for him before that time, and HH was found to be in arrears by 40s. However, HH has not paid this sum to WR, and refuses, to his damage of 5m.

Pleading: HH states that he does not owe WR this or any money as claimed. Makes his law immediately. Order that WR take nothing, amerced for false claim. HH sent without day.

Events
Type Place Date
Accounting Holborn < St Andrew Holborn < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 10/01/1460
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Henry Hervy (m) Dyer London < England Defendant
John Ferrers (m) Clerk Common Pleas [court] Other
William Russell (m) Clerk Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 176

Term: Easter 1460
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 10m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: William Rosmodros and William Crody, administrators of the goods formerly of Richard Crody, state that on 7 January 1445, at Westminster, Richard Bateswell made a bond with RC, now deceased, in £40, payable on 12 February then next. However, he has not paid, either RC or themselves, to whom administration of RC's goods was granted on 31 December 1451 at Westminster by Henry Sharpe, commissary general of Thomas, Bishop of London, in the city of London and the deaneries of Middlesex and Barking. This is to their damage of 10m. They show the letters of administration in court.

Pleading: RB states that the administrators ought not maintain their action, as by a document which he shows in court, dated at Salisbury on 10 September 1446, RC, as rector of St Nicholas Cole Abbey, London, released him, as Richard Baldeswell of London, from all personal suits and actions outstanding between them.

Pleading: The administrators state that this release is not of RC's making. Enquiry by country, sheriff of Wiltshire to have jury of Salisbury here at octave of Trinity. Release to remain in custody of Henry Fylonghley, for safe-keeping.

Postea text: 4 posteas, sheriff did not send writ, to Easter three weeks 1461.

Postea text: Before this day, pleading remained without day, as Edward IV removed Henry VI from the throne. Afterwards, on 30 June 1462, the administrators seek separate writs, one to the sheriff of Middlesex to re-summon RB to hear the jury and judgment, and another to the sheriff of Wiltshire to have the jury here; these granted, returnable at the quindene of Michaelmas.

Events
Type Place Date
Release (from Debt/obligation) Salisbury < Wiltshire < England (initial) 10/09/1446
Bond Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 07/01/1445
(due) 12/02/1445
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Henry Fylonghley (m) King's Clerk Common Pleas [court] Official
Henry Sharpe (m) Commissary General Official
John Glyn (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Uffenham (m) Attorney of defendant
Richard Baldeswell alias Richard Bateswell (m) Citizen Grocer London < England alias Salisbury < Wiltshire < England alias (lately of) London < England Defendant
Richard Crody (m) dec. Rector St Nicholas Cole Abbey [church] London < St Nicholas Cole Abbey < England Intestator
Thomas Kempe (m) Bishop London [diocese] Official
William Crody (m) Administrator, Plaintiff
William Rosmodros (m) Gentleman Administrator, Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 176d

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 4m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Christopher Wartyr states that on 19 June 1451, in London [parish and ward omitted], Robert Maners made a bond with him in 40s, of which he shows in court the part sealed with the seal of RM. Also, on 23 June 1451, by the same document, RM bound himself in another 18s 4d, and on 27 January 1454 he bound himself in another 19s 6d, all payable on request. However, RM has not paid any of these sums, to his damage of 4m. Bond recited, in English [dated 9 June 1451].

Pleading: RM granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity, with assent of CW.

Case notes: Initial sum given as 77s 1d, but clearly error. Date of initial bond given as 9 and 19 June 1451.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond London < England (initial) 19/06/1451
(initial) 23/06/1451
(initial) 27/01/1454
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Christopher Warter alias Christopher Wartyr (m) Alderman, Citizen Skinner London < England Defendant
Robert Maners (m) Esquire Etal < Northumberland < England Defendant
Robert Vaus (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Aleyn (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 249

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 6m
Case type: Bond; Imprisonment

Pleading: John Ryvers states that 17 July 1459 Robert Ferthyng made a bond with him in 100s, but has not paid, to his damage of 6m. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: RF states that he ought not owe this debt, as at the time of the making of the bond he was imprisoned by JR and his associates at Prittlewell in Essex, and kept there until he made the bond under duress.

Pleading: JR denies this, stating that RF made the bond freely and not under duress. Enquiry by the country, sheriff of Essex to have jury of Prittlewell here at octave of Trinity.

Case notes: See also rot 249d.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Augustine by St Paul's < Bread Street Ward < London < England (initial) 17/07/1459
(due) 01/08/1459 < St Peter ad Vincula
Imprisonment Prittlewell < Essex < England (initial) 17/07/1459
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Quyk (m) Attorney of defendant
John Ryvers (m) Citizen Skinner London < England Plaintiff
Robert Ferthyng (m) Yeoman Prittlewell < Essex < England Defendant
Robert Vaus (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 249d

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 6m
Case type: Bond; Imprisonment

Pleading: John Ryvers states that 17 July 1459 Thomas Ferthyng made a bond with him in 100s, but has not paid, to his damage of 6m. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: TF states that he ought not owe this debt, as at the time of the making of the bond he was imprisoned by JR and his associates at Prittlewell in Essex, and kept there until he made the bond under duress.

Pleading: JR denies this, stating that TF made the bond freely and not under duress. Enquiry by the country, sheriff of Essex to have jury of Prittlewell here at octave of Trinity.

Case notes: See also rot 249.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Augustine by St Paul's < Bread Street Ward < London < England (initial) 17/07/1459
(due) 01/08/1459 < St Peter ad Vincula
Imprisonment Prittlewell < Essex < England (initial) 17/07/1459
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Quyk (m) Attorney of defendant
John Ryvers (m) Citizen Skinner London < England Plaintiff
Robert Vaus (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Ferthyng (m) Yeoman Leigh < Essex < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 262

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Damages awarded: 20s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Thomas Croxston and John Bryteign, executors of John Johnson, and John Kyrkeby and his wife Matilda, former wife and co-executor of JJ, state that on 27 October 1457 Roger Appilton made a bond with JJ, now deceased, in £7, payable at Pentecost next following. However, RA has not paid, either to JJ during his lifetime or his executors after his death, to their damage of £20. They show the bond in court, and the testamentary letters of JJ, by which they have executry and administration.

Pleading: RA granted licence to imparl, to octave of Trinity.

Postea text: Further licence to imparl, to octave of Michaelmas 1460.

Postea text: Plaintiffs come, RA does not come, in default. Order that plaintiffs recover debt, and damages of 20s. RA amerced.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Dunstan in the East < Tower Ward < London < England (initial) 27/10/1457
(due) 21/05/1458 < Pentecost
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Bryteign (m) Citizen Brewer London < England Executor, Plaintiff
John Johnson snr (m) dec. Citizen Butcher London < England Testator
John Kyrkeby (m) Plaintiff
John Wydeslade (m) Attorney of defendant
Matilda Kyrkeby (f) Executor, Plaintiff
Roger Appilton jnr (m) Gentleman (lately of) Dartford < Kent < England Defendant
Thomas Adams (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Croxston (m) Gentleman Executor, Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 265

Term: Easter 1460
County: Oxfordshire
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: Edmund, prior of Bicester, states that on 8 September 1457, at Bicester, Edward Frank bought from him one sack of wool for 104s, payable on request. The prior acknowledges in court that he has been satisfied of 52s of this sum, but EF has not paid him the remaining 52s, to his damage of 100s.

Pleading: EF states that he does not owe the prior this or any money as claimed. Parties on country, jury here at octave of Trinity.

Postea text: 3 posteas, sheriff did not send writ, to quindene of Easter 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods Bicester < Oxfordshire < England (initial) 08/09/1457
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Edmund Wycombe (m) Prior Bicester [priory] Bicester < Oxfordshire < England Plaintiff
Edward Frank (m) Merchant, Woolpacker London < England alias (lately of) London < England Defendant
Thomas Aleyn (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 272

Term: Easter 1460
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: 100m
Case type: Safe keeping; Taking of goods

Pleading: Thomas Stokes states that on 10 February 1458 John More, together with John Haukyn and John Rafe, in the parish of St Clement Danes, forcibly took and carried away goods of his worth £40, namely one crimson dyed woollen cloth of 27 yards, one white woollen cloth of 12 yards, one woollen cloth called 'russet' of 20 yards with another green coloured woollen cloth of 24 yards, 6 yards of white blanket, one woollen cloth called a 'tawny' of 14 yards, a red woollen cloth of 27 yards, 4 yards of black kersey, 14 yards of 'strait crimson', a cloth of black of lyre of 15 yards, and 1 yard of murrey. This was against the peace, and to his damage of 100m.

Pleading: JH denies force and arms; parties on country. Concerning the rest, JH states that TS ought not maintain his action, as, protesting that the goods were not as valuable as the writ supposes, he states that long before the time of the alleged trespass a certain Luke Filbowe was possessed of these goods in St Dunstan in the West, London, and delivered them to TS for safe-keeping, to be returned to LF on request. Afterwards, before the alleged trespass, on 14 February 1452 (sic), he gave these goods to JH, and thus by virtue of this, at the time of the alleged trespass, JH took the goods as seemed good to him.

Pleading: TS states that the truth is that LF was possessed of these goods, and, long before the supposed gift to JH, in the parish of St Clement Danes, he gave the goods to TS, and he thus possessed them until JH and his fellows took them away, as he has claimed.

Pleading: JH repeats that long before the alleged trespass LF delivered the goods to TS for safe-keeping, and then gave possession of them to JH on 14 February 1452, and he thus went and took them.

Pleading: TS repeats that LF gave the goods to him long before the alleged gift to JH. Parties on country, jury here at morrow of Ascension.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, to octave of Trinity.

Case notes: See also CP 40/796, rot 159d, for case against More.

Events
Type Place Date
Taking of Goods St Clement Danes < Middlesex < England (initial) 10/02/1458
Safe Keeping St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England
Gift St Clement Danes < Middlesex < England
Gift St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 14/02/1452
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Haukyn (m) Tailor (lately of) London < England Defendant
John More (m) Tailor (lately of) London < England Accessory
John Rafe (m) Tailor (lately of) London < England Accessory
Luke Filbowe (m) Other
Thomas Stokes (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 274

Term: Easter 1460
County: Suffolk
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: Margaret Mannyng states that on 10 January 1458 John Haukyn bought from her 20 dozens of woollen cloth for £10, payable at Michaelmas then next, but has not paid, to her damage of 100s.

Pleading: JH states that he does not owe MM this or any money as claimed. Order that he wager his law at the octave of Trinity. Pledges for law named.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods Stowmarket < Suffolk < England (initial) 10/01/1458
(due) 29/09/1458 < Michaelmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Came (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
John Haukyn (m) Merchant (lately of) London < England Defendant
Margaret Mannyng (f) Plaintiff
Robert Buxton (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Robert Hamond (m) Surety of law (compurgator)

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 302

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Bond; Contract (general); Sale of goods

Pleading: John Blakbourne states that on 19 June 1459 Thomas Mascall made a bond with him in £20, but has not paid, to his damage of £20. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: TM states that after the making of this bond, on 19 June 1459, by an indenture made between him and JB, of which he shows the part sealed by JB in court, they agreed that, for a sum of £16 which TM acknowledges he received, TM would sell to JB three sacks of wool, which was to have been grown within five miles of Banbury in Oxfordshire, and would be delivered to JB in 'Norton' in Oxfordshire [presumably Chipping Norton] around the feast of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary next (8 September 1459). If this is done, then the bond was to be cancelled, otherwise it would remain in force. TM states that the bond shown in court is this same bond, and that on the vigil of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary, at Norton, he was prepared to hand over the wool to JB, this wool having been produced at Bloxham in Oxfordshire, which was within five miles of Banbury, as specified in the indenture. However, JB did not appear at Norton to collect this wool.

Pleading: JB, protesting that he was in Norton for the whole of that day, states the TM was not there on that day. Enquiry by country, sheriff of Oxfordshire to have jury of Norton here at quindene of Trinity.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, to quindene of Michaelmas 1460.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to quindene of Hilary 1461, when pleading adjourned to quindene of Easter 1461, before which date the pleading was left without day after Edward IV took power from Henry VI. In Michaelmas term 1461 JB sought writ to the sheriff of London to re-summon TM to hear record and judgment in this case, and another to the sheriff of Oxfordshire to have jury here. These were granted, returnable at the octave of Hilary 1462.

Postea text: Parties came, sheriff of London said that TM had nothing. Sheriff of Oxfordshire did not send writ, jury in respite to octave of the Purification. Same, to octave of Trinity 1462.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond All Hallows Bread Street < Bread Street Ward < London < England (initial) 19/06/1459
(due) 24/06/1459 < St John the Baptist, Nativity of
Sale of Goods Chipping Norton < Oxfordshire < England (initial) 07/09/1459
Contract (not Service/employment)
Sale of Goods
All Hallows Bread Street < Bread Street Ward < London < England (initial) 19/06/1459
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Blakbourne (m) Citizen Tallow-chandler London < England Plaintiff
John Salter (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Mascall (m) Citizen Tailor London < England Defendant
Thomas Yonge (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 306d

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Lambe states that on 9 October 1459 Thomas Mascall made a bond with him in 113s 4d, but has not paid, to his damage of £10. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: TM states that this bond is not of his making. Parties on country, jury here at octave of Trinity. Pledges named.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Pancras Soper Lane < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 09/10/1459
(due) 25/12/1459 < Christmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Derby (m) Hosteler London < England Surety for defendant
John Barowe (m) Tailor London < England Surety for defendant
John Faryngdon (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Lambe (m) Citizen Grocer London < England Plaintiff
John Thomas (m) Yeoman Brentford < Middlesex < England Surety for defendant
Peter Cutler (m) Cutler London < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Mascall (m) Citizen Tailor London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 307d

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Glyn, one of the filacers of the Bench, according to the privileges of officers of the court, states that on 20 October 1458 John Derham made a bond with him in £34, but has not paid, to his damage of £20. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JD states that this bond is not of his making. Parties on country, jury here at octave of Trinity. JD appoints Thomas Adams as his attorney.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, to octave of Michaelmas 1460.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 20/10/1458
(due) 24/06/1459 < St John the Baptist, Nativity of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Derham (m) Mercer Oxfordshire < England Defendant
John Glyn (m) Filacer Common Pleas [court] Plaintiff
Thomas Adams (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 311

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £8
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Master Roger Draper, Richard Payn, Thomas Berneway and John Kendale, executors of Stephen Grene, state that on 11 November 1443 Thomas Congreve made a bond with Stephen Grene, now deceased, in £8, but has not paid either SG or his executors, to their damage of £8. They show the bond in court, and the testamentary letters of SG, by which they have executry and administration.

Pleading: TC states that this bond is not of his making. Parties on country, jury here at octave of Trinity. Pledges named.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Nicholas Acon < Langbourn Ward < London < England (initial) 11/11/1443
(due) 25/12/1443 < Christmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Hugh Wyther (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
John Kendale (m) Citizen Pewterer London < England Executor, Plaintiff
Nicholas Boyvyle (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
Nicholas Harowe (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
Richard Payn (m) Citizen Draper London < England Executor, Plaintiff
Roger Draper (m) Executor, Plaintiff
Stephen Grene (m) dec. Citizen Draper London < England Testator
Thomas Berneway (m) Citizen Draper London < England Executor, Plaintiff
Thomas Congreve jnr (m) Yeoman (lately of) Barking < Essex < England Defendant
Thomas Passyngaunt (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
William Martyn (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 315d

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Bond; Safe keeping

Pleading: John Gille states that on 21 May 1457 Alexander Fayreford made a bond with him in 56s 8d, but has not paid, to his damage of 100s. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: AF granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Pleading: [continued at Trinity 1460, rot 254] AF states that he ought not owe this debt, as this writing was made and sealed, and then delivered for safe keeping to Thomas More as a schedule under certain conditions, namely that if AF should pay JG 26s 8d on 1 August next, then the document should remain in the custody of TM. Otherwise, it should be delivered by TM. AF states that he paid JG the aforesaid 26s 8d as required, at Southwark on 1 August 1457. And since TM delivered this document to JG, even though AF had performed the conditions, he therefore states that this document is not of his making. Parties on country, jury here at octave of Michaelmas. AF appoints William Fagger as his attorney.

Postea text: 2 posteas, sheriff did not send writ, to quindene of Easter.

Case notes: continued on CP 40/798, rot 254.

Events
Type Place Date
Safe Keeping Southwark < Surrey < England
Bond All Hallows the Great < Dowgate Ward < London < England (initial) 21/05/1457
(due) 01/08/1457
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Alexander Fayreford (m) Esquire (lately of) Southwark < Surrey < England Defendant
John Gille (m) Citizen Tailor London < England Plaintiff
Thomas More (m) Other
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Fagger (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 315d

Term: Easter 1460
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond; Reckoning of account

Pleading: John Pope states that on 22 November 1452 he and Thomas Pylch, by an indented bill of which he shows the part sealed by TP in court, agreed that, having accounted for all matters between them, TP owed JP 69s 4d, payable on request. However TP has not paid this sum, to his damage of £10. He shows the bill in court [recited in full, in English, stating that the sum, plus 8s for the cost of the writ, was to paid to Thomas Shotbolt on the Tuesday after St Katherine's day next (28 November 1452)].

Pleading: TP granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Pleading: [continued at Michaelmas 1460, rot 104] TP states that he does not owe JP this or any money as claimed. Parties on country, jury here at octave of Hilary.

Postea text: Further licence to imparl, to octave of Michaelmas 1460.

Postea text: [on CP 40/799, rot 104] Sheriff did not send writ, to octave of the Purification.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/799, rot 104.

Events
Type Place Date
Accounting
Bond
Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 22/11/1452
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Pope (m) Yardley < Worcestershire < England Plaintiff
John Salter (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Pylch (m) Brewer London < England Defendant
William Flegge (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 317

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Davy and William Nicoll state that on 27 October 1453 Thomas Wulvysby made a bond with them in £13, but has not paid, to their damage of 100s. They show the bond in court.

Pleading: TW granted licence to imparl to morrow of St John the Baptist. Pledges named.

Postea text: 3 further licences to imparl, to Easter one month 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Sepulchre without Newgate < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 27/10/1453
(due) 02/02/1454 < Blessed Virgin Mary, Purification of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Melborn (m) Yeoman Southwark < Surrey < England Surety for defendant
John Acton (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
John Davy (m) Brewer London < England Plaintiff
Nicholas Wetherby (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Wulvysby (m) Gentleman Norwich < Norfolk < England alias (lately of) London < England Defendant
William Nicoll (m) Brewer London < England Plaintiff
William Norys (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 330

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 10m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Bartholomew Couper states that on 24 January 1459 Thomas Shete made a bond with him in £20, but has not paid, to his damage of 10m. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: TS granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity, with assent of BC.

Postea text: 3 further licences to imparl, to quindene of Easter 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Peter Cornhill < Bishopsgate Ward < London < England (initial) 24/01/1459
(due) 25/03/1459 < Easter
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Bartholomew Couper (m) Citizen Draper London < England Plaintiff
John Hampton (m) Attorney of defendant
John Hoppyng (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Shete (m) Chapman Salisbury < Wiltshire < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 338

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 10m
Case type: Assault; Bond

Pleading: Thomas Shercroft, William Sterland and Thomas Sterland, executors of Richard Seynour, state that on 3 July 1456 William Gylys made a bond with Richard Seynour, now deceased, in 100s, but has not paid RS nor his executors, to their damage of 10m. They show the bond in court, and the testamentary letters of RS, by which they have executry and administration.

Pleading: WG states that the executors ought not maintain their suit, as before the making of the bond, RS had made great threats against WG, such that WG was forced to made this bond and deliver it to RS out of fear for his life.

Pleading: The executors deny this, stating that WG made the bond freely and not under duress. Enquiry by the country, sheriff of Suffolk to have jury of Icklingham here at octave of Trinity.

Postea text: 2 posteas, sheriff did not send writ, to octave of Hilary 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Vedast Foster Lane < Farringdon Ward Within < London < England (initial) 03/07/1456
(due) 29/09/1456 < Michaelmas
Assault Icklingham < Suffolk < England (initial) 03/07/1456
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Christopher Horbury (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Richard Seynour (m) dec. Rector All Saints, Icklingham [church] Icklingham < Suffolk < England Testator
Roger Broke (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Shercroft (m) Parson All Saints, Icklingham [church] Icklingham < Suffolk < England Executor, Plaintiff
Thomas Stireland alias Thomas Sterland (m) Executor, Plaintiff
William Gylys (m) Mason (lately of) Hackford < Norfolk < England Defendant
William Stireland alias William Sterland (m) Executor, Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 345d

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: 20m
Case type: Assault

Pleading: Thomas Kellow, attorney of the Bench, by the privileges of the officials of that court, states that on 20 March 1460 John Crome and Margaret his wife forcibly assaulted him in London, making such threats against him that he dare not go about his business for a long time, from the said 20 March to the date of his original writ, namely [omitted]. This was against the peace, and to his damage of 20m.

Pleading: JC and MC deny responsibility for this trespass as claimed. Parties on country, jury here at octave of Trinity. Pledges named.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, to morrow of All Souls 1460.

Events
Type Place Date
Assault St Sepulchre without Newgate < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 20/03/1460
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Hugh Wodyr (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
John Crome (m) Yeoman London < England Defendant
Margaret Crome (f) London < England Defendant
Nicholas Horold (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
Thomas [omitted] (m) Yeoman Brentford < Middlesex < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Kellowe (m) Attorney Common Pleas [court] Plaintiff
Thomas Passengeant (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 346d

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Thomas Boleyn, administrator of the goods of John Langton, former Bishop of St David's, states that on 24 October 1443 Thomas Assheby made a bond with John Langton, now deceased, in £20, but has not paid, either to JL or to TB as his administrator, to his damage of £20. He shows the bond in court, and the letters patent of Thomas, Archbishop of Canterbury, by which he has administration.

Pleading: TA granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Postea text: 3 further licences to imparl, to quindene of Easter 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Lawrence Jewry < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 24/10/1443
(due) 31/05/1444 < Pentecost
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Goldwell (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Langton (m) dec. Bishop St David's [diocese] Intestator
Simon Burton (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Assheby (m) Gentleman (lately of) Lowesby < Leicestershire < England Defendant
Thomas Boleyn (m) Bachelor of Law, Clerk Administrator, Plaintiff
Thomas Bourchier (m) Archbishop Canterbury [archdiocese] Official

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 352

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 10m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Simon Crosse, executor of William Freman, states that on 27 November 1441 Thomas Tanfeld made a bond with William Freman, now deceased, in £10, but has not paid WF or himself as his executor, to his damage of 10m. He shows the bond in court, and the testamentary letters of WF, by which he has executry and administration.

Pleading: TT granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Pleading: [continued at Hilary 1461, rot 217] TT states that before his death WF nominated not only SC but also a certain Simon Hadlyngton, a lawyer of Shropshire in Lichfield diocese, and master Arnold Hykelyng, rector of St Edmund's parish in London, to be his executors, and the latter two are still alive in Shropshire and are not named in the writ. He therefore seeks judgment on the writ.

Pleading: SC states that SH and AH, who TT claims to have been co-executors, are both dead, and died before the date of his original writ, namely [omitted], in London in the parish of St Edmund in Langbourn ward.

Pleading: TT repeats that SH and AH are both alive. Parties on country. SC seeks writ to have jury of London here at his own risk, which is granted. Sheriff to have jury here at quindene of Easter.

Postea text: 2 further licences to imparl, to octave of Hilary 1461.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/800, rot 217

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Vedast Foster Lane < Farringdon Ward Within < London < England (initial) 27/11/1441
(due) 01/04/1442 < Easter
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Arnold Hykelyng (m) Rector London < St Edmund the King and Martyr < Langbourn Ward < England Executor
John Pytmyster (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Robert Vaus (m) Attorney of defendant
Simon Crosse (m) Goldsmith London < St Mary Woolnoth < England Executor, Plaintiff
Simon Hadlyngton (m) Lawyer Shropshire < England Executor
Thomas Tanfeld (m) Clerk (lately of) Burton Latimer < Northamptonshire < England alias (lately of) Beverley < Yorkshire < England Defendant
William Fremon alias William Freman (m) dec. Testator

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 352

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 4m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: William Capon states that on 24 March 1457 William Swadell made a bond with him in 40s, payable in three instalments, but has not paid, to his damage of 4m. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: WS granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 24/03/1457
(due) 24/06/1457 < St John the Baptist, Nativity of
(due) 29/09/1457 < Michaelmas
(due) 02/04/1458 < Easter
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
William Capon (m) Citizen Tailor London < England Plaintiff
William Swadell (m) Clerk (lately of) Hadleigh < Suffolk < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 352d

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Byrkyn states that on 3 November 1459 Henry Sylver made a bond with him in £8, but has not paid, to his damage of 100s. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: HS granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Postea text: Further licence to imparl to octave of Michaelmas 1460.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Botolph Billingsgate < Billingsgate Ward < London < England (initial) 03/11/1459
(due) 13/04/1460 < Easter
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Sylver (m) Citizen Vintner (lately of) London < England Defendant
John Byrkyn (m) Clerk Plaintiff
Thomas Hever (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 372

Term: Easter 1460
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Damages awarded: 40s
Costs: 26s 8d
Case type: Bond; Imprisonment

Pleading: Juliana, widow and administrator of John Bowdeler, states that on 17 October 1444 William Brocas made two bonds with JB, each in £10, payable at All Saints and the feast of the Purification next, and also a third bond, in £20, payable at Easter next. However, WB has not paid any of these bonds, either to John B or to Juliana as his administrator, to her damage of £20. She shows the bond in court, and the letters of John Clove, commissary general of Reginald, Bishop of Hereford, by which she has administration.

Pleading: WB states that he ought not owe this debt, as at the time of the making of the bond he was imprisoned by John B and his associates at Hounslow, and kept there until he made the bond under duress.

Pleading: Juliana B denies this, stating that WB made the bond freely and not under duress. Enquiry by the country, sheriff to have jury of Hounslow here at octave of Trinity.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to octave of Martinmas 1460. On this day, parties came, jury said that at the time of the bond WB was not imprisoned, and made the bond freely and not under any duress. Damages assigned to Juliana B at 40s, costs at 26s 8d. Order that Juliana recover the debt and damages, to a total of 5m. WB amerced.

Postea text: Juliana B, by attorney, acknowledges satisfaction of the debt and damages. WB quit.

Case notes: See also related case on CP 40/799, rot 35.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 17/10/1444
(due) 28/03/1445 < Easter
Bond Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 17/10/1444
(due) 01/11/1444 < All Saints
Imprisonment Hounslow < Middlesex < England (initial) 17/10/1444
Bond Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 17/10/1444
(due) 02/02/1445 < Blessed Virgin Mary, Purification of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Bowdeler (m) dec. Ludlow < Shropshire < England Intestator
John Clove (m) Commissary General Official
John Wydeslade jnr (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Juliana Bowdeler (f) Widow Administrator, Plaintiff
Reginald Boulers (m) Bishop Hereford [diocese] Official
William Brocas (m) Citizen Grocer London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 373d

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Other
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Real action / rents / damage to real estate

Pleading: Nicholas Sybyll, John Berkyng and John Neuman state that by reason of their tenure of a messuage in the parish of St Nicholas Acon in Langbourn ward, London, they had pedestrian access to that property by means of a certain alley adjacent to their property, beyond ('ultra') the land which was of John Alcok and Thomas Pygesworth in the same parish in Candlewick Street ward, being 30 feet in length and 10 feet in width, up to the cemetery of St Nicholas Acons, and from that cemetery to their property. By this path, their servants and tenants were accustomed to have access, as had been the case since time immemorial. However, on 5 November 1453 John Alcok, Thomas Pygesworth, John Broun and John Leget constructed a wall across this alley, in the parish of St Nicholas Acons in Candlewick Street ward, thus blocking access for the plaintiffs and their servants to their property for a long time, namely from that date until the day of their original writ, 14 June 1455. This is to their damage of £40.

Pleading: Defendants [possibly by attorney, but section omitted] granted licence to imparl to quindene of Trinity.

Postea text: Further licence to imparl, to quindene of Michaelmas 1460.

Events
Type Place Date
Location of Property
Trespass
St Nicholas Acon < Candlewick Street Ward < London < England (initial) 05/11/1453
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Alcok (m) Lattener London < England Defendant
John Berkyng (m) Goldsmith London < England Plaintiff
John Broun (m) Tailor London < England Defendant
John Leget (m) Founder London < England Defendant
John Neuman (m) Chaplain London < England Plaintiff
Nicholas Sybyll (m) Gentleman Plaintiff
Thomas Pygesworth (m) Founder London < England Defendant
William Fagger (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 385

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Housebreaking

Pleading: Richard Kynge states that on 1 May 1458 John Clerk forcibly broke into his house in the parish of St Margaret in the ward of St Mary at Hill [sic], London, against the peace and to his damage of £10.

Pleading: JC granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity. Pledges named. RK appoints Edward Wysetowe as his attorney against JC.

Postea text: Further licence to imparl, to octave of Michaelmas 1460.

Case notes: Location of event uncertain. Presumably 'ward of St Mary ad Montem' is Billingsgate, and thus parish of 'St Margaret' could be either St Margaret Fish Street Hill or St Margaret Pattens. Alternatively this could be a confused entry referring to St Mary at Hill parish.

Events
Type Place Date
House-breaking Billingsgate Ward < London < England (initial) 01/05/1458
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Edward Wysetowe (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Clerk (m) Fishmonger London < England Defendant
John Knyght (m) Tailor London < England Surety for defendant
John Quyk (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
John Ryngston (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
Richard Kynge (m) Plaintiff
Thomas Passengeant (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 385d

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Damages awarded: 5m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Roger Grytofte states that on 30 October 1454 John Thorusby made a bond with him in £18 15s, payable at Michaelmas then next. On 9 April 1457 JT made two further bonds, each in £30 15s, payable at the Purification then next and Michaelmas 1458. On 5 December 1456 JT also made another bond in £25, payable at Christmas 1457 and Christmas 1458. However, JT has not paid this total of £105 5s, to his damage of £20. He shows the bonds in court.

Pleading: JT granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Postea text: Further licence to imparl, to octave of Michaelmas 1460.

Postea text: Parties come by attorney, RG seeks that JT respond to the writ. Attorney of JT states that he has not been informed of any response to this writ. Order that RG recover debts and damages of 5m. JT amerced.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Michael Crooked Lane < Bridge Ward < London < England (initial) 09/04/1457
(due) 02/02/1458 < Blessed Virgin Mary, Purification of
Bond St Michael Crooked Lane < Bridge Ward < London < England (initial) 09/04/1457
(due) 29/09/1458 < Michaelmas
Bond St Michael Crooked Lane < Bridge Ward < London < England (initial) 05/12/1456
(due) 25/12/1457 < Christmas
(due) 25/12/1458 < Christmas
Bond St Michael Crooked Lane < Bridge Ward < London < England (initial) 30/10/1454
(due) 29/09/1455 < Michaelmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Thorusby alias John Thorysby snr (m) Burgess Merchant (lately of) King's Lynn < Norfolk < England Defendant
Roger Grytot alias Roger Grytofte (m) Lavenham < Suffolk < England Plaintiff
Thomas Wolvesby (m) Attorney of defendant
William Staverton (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 386d

Term: Easter 1460
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: 10m
Case type: Arbitration; Taking of goods

Pleading: Nicholas Grenewey states that on 20 December 1458 Thomas Herward, John Chaundeler and Richard Chaundeler, together with William Alyn, forcibly took and carried away goods of his worth 100s from the parish of St Mary Matfelon [Whitechapel], namely 20 ells of linen cloth, 6 silver spoons, one blue gown, one black cap, one pair of black stockings, one fustian doublet, one shirt ('camisiam') and one latten candlestick. This was against the peace, and to his damage of 10m.

Pleading: Defendants granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Pleading: [Followed by mesne process against Alyn, who did not come. Sheriff to take, not found, sicut pluries to same term.]

Pleading: [continued at Trinity 1460, rot 135d] Defendants state that after the date of the supposed trespass, on 10 February 1459, at Faversham, in the barony there, NG and TH placed themselves in the arbitration of John Ulff and William Norton, arbiters, concerning this and various other disputes outstanding between them. The arbiters accepted this task, and adjudged that the trespasses made by NG against TH were equivalent to the present trespass, and that both should give the other a pottle of wine. The various trespasses made by each party were therefore to be quit, according to the terms of the arbitration. TH immediately gave NG a pottle of wine in full satisfaction of this arbitration.

Pleading: NG states that he never had any such arbitration or judgment between them concerning this trespass as claimed by TH, JC and RC. Enquiry by country, sheriff of Kent to have jury of Faversham here at octave of Michaelmas.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/798, rot 135d.

Events
Type Place Date
Taking of Goods Whitechapel < Middlesex < England (initial) 20/12/1458
Arbitration Faversham < Kent < England (initial) 10/02/1459
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Chaundeler (m) Weaver (lately of) Faversham < Kent < England Defendant
Nicholas Grenewey (m) Plaintiff
Richard Chaundeler (m) Goldsmith London < England Defendant
Robert Fekenham (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Herward (m) Baker (lately of) Faversham < Kent < England Defendant
Thomas Yong (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Alyn (m) Weaver (lately of) Bermondsey < Surrey < England Accessory

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 400

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Thomas Broun states that on 13 December 1457, in the parish of St Peter in Cheap ward [sic], Richard Scathelok made a bond with him in 40m, but has not paid, to his damage of £20. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: RS seeks to hear the bond and the endorsement, and these are read in court. The condition of the bond is such that if RS should pay TB £19 3s 4d in the church of St Mary Woolnoth in London in the following instalments, namely 5m on 1 March 1458, £7 18s 4d at the Nativity of St John the Baptist 1458, £7 18s 4d at the Annunciation 1459, then the bond shall be cancelled. RS states that he paid these sums on the specified days, in accordance with the endorsement, at King's Lynn in Norfolk, and that TB agreed to this.

Pleading: TB, protesting that RS did not pay him any of the sums specified in the endorsement at the times given, states that RS did not pay him the 5m due on 1 March 1458.

Pleading: RS states that he did pay TB the sums due on 1 March 1458, as specified. Parties on country, sheriff of Norfolk to have jury here on the morrow of Ascension. Pledges named.

Postea text: 4 posteas, sheriff of Norfolk did not send writ, to quindene of Easter 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Peter Westcheap < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 13/12/1457
(due) 01/03/1458
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Halton (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
John Lynge (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
Richard Scathelok (m) Draper London < England Defendant
Robert Spenser (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
Robert Spenser (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Broun (m) Citizen Draper London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 408d

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (other)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Real action / rents / damage to real estate

Pleading: Richard Jay, attorney of the Bench, by the privileges enjoyed by the officials of this court, states that at Michaelmas 1456, in London, he demised to Peter Burgeys fourteen messuages with appurtenances in the parish of Bermondsey, to hold for one year at a rent of £11 13s 4d, due at Easter and Michaelmas. PB occupied this property for this period, but has not paid this rent, to his damage of £10.

Pleading: PB granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity. Pledges named.

Postea text: 3 further licences to imparl, to quindene of Easter 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Rental Agreement St Stephen Walbrook < Walbrook Ward < London < England (initial) 29/09/1456
Location of Property Bermondsey < Surrey < England
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Okeland (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
John Thomas (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
Peter Burgeys (m) Whittawer Bermondsey < Surrey < England Defendant
Richard Jay (m) Attorney Common Pleas [court] Plaintiff
Thomas Benton (m) Gentleman Bermondsey < Surrey < England Surety for defendant
William Est (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 411d

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: William Beaufitz states that on 14 June 1458 John Skynner made a bond with him in £4, payable at the octave of Michaelmas next, but has not paid, to his damage of 100s.

Pleading: JS granted licence to imparl, to octave of Trinity.

Pleading: [continued at Michaelmas 1460, rot 119d] JS states that this bond is not of his making. Parties on country, jury here at Michaelmas one month. Bond in custody of Henry Fylongley.

Postea text: Further licence to imparl, to octave of Michaelmas 1460.

Postea text: WB appeared against JS [entry incomplete]

Postea text: [on CP 40/799, rot 119d] Sheriff did not send writ, to octave of Martinmas.

Postea text: Jury in respite to octave of Hilary, when pleading adjourned to quindene of Easter, before which date plea remained without day as Edward IV removed Henry VI from the throne. In Trinity term 1461 WB sought a writ to re-summon JS and jury, and this is granted, returnable at the quindene of Michaelmas 1461.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/799, rot 119d.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Dunstan in the East < Tower Ward < London < England (initial) 14/06/1458
(due) 06/10/1458
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Fylongley (m) King's Clerk Official
John Skynner (m) Gentleman (lately of) Reigate < Surrey < England Defendant
Thomas Brykhede (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Torold (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Beaufitz (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 419

Term: Easter 1460
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Housebreaking; Trespass (chattels)

Pleading: Henry Etwell states that on the feast of St Peter the Apostle (29 June) 1459 Thomas Ingram, together with John Roke and John Thomas, forcibly broke his close in the parish of Stepney and destroyed growing grass to a value of 100s, against the peace and to his damage of £10.

Pleading: TI granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Pleading: [continued at Trinity 1460, rot 109d] TI denies responsibility for this trespass as claimed. Parties on country, jury here at octave of Michaelmas.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/798, rot 109d.

Events
Type Place Date
Destruction of Chattels
House-breaking
Stepney < Middlesex < England (initial) 29/06/1459
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Edmund Wyghton (m) Attorney of defendant
Edmund Wyghton (m) Attorney of defendant
Henry Etwell (m) Plaintiff
John Roke (m) Butcher Whitechapel < Middlesex < England Accessory
John Thomas (m) Butcher London < England Accessory
Thomas Ingram (m) Butcher London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 419

Term: Easter 1460
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Gilbert Yatton states that on 10 March 1455 John Pye made a bond with him in £19, but has not paid, to his damage of £10. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JP granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 10/03/1455
(due) 25/03/1455 < Blessed Virgin Mary, Annunciation of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Gilbert Yatton (m) King's Lynn < Norfolk < England Plaintiff
John Pye (m) Fishmonger, Merchant London < England Defendant
Peter Staynford (m) Attorney of defendant
Robert Forster (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 434

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (other)
Damages claimed: £100
Case type: Contract (general); Real action / rents / damage to real estate

Pleading: William atte Welle senior states that he was formerly seised of a messuage, 32 acres of land and 2 acres of meadow with appurtenances in Stanbridge, and one acre of land with appurtenances in Eggington, in his demesne as of fee, and thus seised, at Michaelmas 1439, in London, he demised this property to William atte Welle junior, to hold for one year, and then from year to year at the will of WW senior, rendering 5m per year at Lady Day and Michaelmas in equal portions, and also providing him with food and drink, woollen and linen cloth and all other necessities. WW junior held this property for 12 years, but the £40 due to WW senior for this farm has not been paid, to his damage of £100.

Pleading: WW junior states that WW senior ought not maintain his action, as long before WW senior had any interest in this property, and before the date of the alleged demise, John Sewell, John Martyn, John Agas and Henry atte Welle were seised of this property in their demesne as of fee, until WW senior unjustly disseised and expelled them. WW senior, thus seised, then made the demise to WW junior as he claimed, but before any of the payment dates specified, JS, JM, JA and HW re-entered the property and expelled WW junior and WW senior. Afterwards, JS and JA died, but JM and HW, still living, remained in possession.

Pleading: WW senior states that he did not disseise JS, JM, JA and HW as claimed by WW junior. Enquiry by country, sheriff of Bedfordshire to have jury of Stanbridge and Eggington here at octave of Trinity.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to quindene of Michaelmas 1460. On this day, WW senior came, WW junior did not come, in default. Jury came, said that WW senior did not disseise JS, JM, JA and HW. Damages assigned at 10m, costs at 100s. Order that WW senior recover debt and damages, to total of 17m 6s 8d. WW junior amerced.

Postea text: Record and process summoned before the king by writ of error, dated 9 May 1468, directed to Robert Danby, CJCP.

Events
Type Place Date
Rental Agreement St Mary Colechurch < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 29/09/1439
Location of Property Eggington < Bedfordshire < England
Location of Property Stanbridge < Bedfordshire < England
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Henry atte Welle (m) Other
John Agas (m) Other
John Martyn (m) Other
John Salter (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Sewell (m) Other
Robert Danby (m) Chief Justice Common Pleas [court] Official
William atte Welle jnr (m) Husbandman (lately of) Stanbridge < Bedfordshire < England Defendant
William atte Welle snr (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 435d

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: John Crosseby states that on 9 August 1459 Anthony Lutyan bought from him 19 pieces of woollen cloth for £41, payable on 9 December then next. JC acknowledges satisfaction of £7 13s 4d of this sum, but he has not received the remaining £33 6s 8d, to his damage of £20.

Pleading: AL granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity. Pledges named.

Postea text: Further licence to imparl, to octave of Michaelmas 1460.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods St Benet Sherehog < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 09/08/1459
(due) 09/12/1459
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Anthony Lutyan (m) Merchant London < England Defendant
Hugh Radclyff (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
John Bryan (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
John Crosseby (m) Grocer Plaintiff
John Salter (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Snoxhill (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Torald (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 436

Term: Easter 1460
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Thomas Disery states that on 15 July 1455 William Gedney, now deceased, made a bond with him in £20. However, he did not pay during his lifetime, and nor have the defendant, William Chamberleyn, or William Knyfet, to whom administration of the goods formerly of WG was granted by John, bishop of Lincoln, in the parish of St Andrew Holborn in Middlesex. WC still refuses to pay TD, to his damage of £20.

Pleading: WC granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Postea text: 3 further licences to imparl, to quindene of Easter 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 15/07/1455
(due) 25/12/1455 < Christmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Chedworth (m) Bishop Lincoln [diocese] Official
John Wydeslade jnr (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Disery (m) Citizen White-chandler London < England Plaintiff
William Chamberleyn (m) Esquire (lately of) London < England Administrator, Defendant
William Gedney (m) dec. Esquire Intestator
William Hert (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Knyfet (m) Esquire (lately of) Great Weldon < Northamptonshire < England Administrator

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 439

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: Thomas Gay, junior, states that on 1 July 1452 John Wakehurst, now deceased, bought from him 3½ yards of green woollen cloth, 3 yards of woollen cloth dyed red ('sangwen'), and 7½ yards of woollen cloth dyed violet, all for £4, payable on request. However, JW did not pay during his lifetime, and nor has Elizabeth Wakehurst, his executor, after his death, to his damage of £10.

Pleading: Elizabeth W granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Postea text: 2 further licences to imparl, to octave of Hilary 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 01/07/1452
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Elizabeth Wakehurst (f) Widow (lately of) Ardingly < Sussex < England Defendant, Executor
John Wakehurst (m) dec. Ardingly < Sussex < England Testator
Richard Wolston (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Gay jnr (m) Citizen Tailor London < England Plaintiff
William Fagger (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 439

Term: Easter 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (account)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Reckoning of account

Pleading: Thomas Gay, junior, states that on 25 May 1457 Thomas Markaham accounted with him in London for various sums of money received by TM for TG before that date, and TM was found to be in arrears by 52s 8d. However, TM has not paid this sum to TG, and refuses, to his damage of £10.

Pleading: TM granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Postea text: 2 further licences to imparl, to octave of Hilary 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Accounting St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 25/05/1457
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Richard Wolston (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Gay jnr (m) Citizen Tailor London < England Plaintiff
Thomas Markaham (m) Fishmonger Hastings < Sussex < England Defendant
William Fagger (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 439d

Term: Easter 1460
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Debt (other)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Real action / rents / damage to real estate

Pleading: John Blake, executor of Thomas Leven, states that on 1 May 1452, at St Giles in the Fields, TL demised to Hugh Bromfeld the rectory of his church of Litlington, with tithes, oblations and other profits, to hold for one year at a rent of 7m, payable at Michaelmas. HB held this rectory for this year, but has not paid the rent of 7m, either to TL during his life or to his executor JB after his death, to the damage of JB of £10. He shows in court the testamentary letters of TL, by which he has executry and administration.

Pleading: HB granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Pleading: [continued at Trinity 1460, rot 238d] HB states that TL did not demise this rectory with its oblations and other profits to HB as claimed by JB. Parties on country, jury here at quindene of St John the Baptist.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, to quindene of Michaelmas.

Case notes: continued on CP 40/798, rot 238d.

Events
Type Place Date
Rental Agreement St Giles in the Fields < Middlesex < England (initial) 01/05/1452
Location of Property Litlington < Sussex < England
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Hugh Bromfeld (m) Yeoman (lately of) Waldron < Sussex < England Defendant
John Blake (m) Citizen Woodmonger London < England Executor, Plaintiff
John Knot (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Simon Harry (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Leven (m) dec. Parson Litlington [church] Litlington < Sussex < England Testator

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/797, rot. 439d

Term: Easter 1460
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Thomas Wenslowe states that on 9 March 1457 John Bele made a bond with him in £61 3s 8d, payable at Michaelmas then next. TW acknowledges satisfaction of £34 10s 4d of this sum, but he has not received the remaining 40m, to his damage of £40. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JB granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Pleading: [continued at Trinity 1460, rot 271] JB states that TW ought not maintain his action, as by a written release sealed with his seal, dated at Sevenoaks on 12 March 1458, which JB shows in court, TW released and quitclaimed a certain William Fenys, Lord Say (jointly obligated with JB in this 40m debt) from all personal suits and actions outstanding between them.

Pleading: TW states that this release is not of his making. [Followed by large erasure and deletion.] Parties on country, sheriff of Kent to have jury of Sevenoaks here at octave of Michaelmas.

Postea text: [on CP 40/758] Process continued, jury in respite to octave of Hilary, when adjourned to quindene of Easter, before which plea remained without day as Edward IV removed Henry VI from the throne. Later, on 28 June 1461, TW came by attorney and sought a writ to the sheriff of Middlesex to re-summon JB to hear the jury, and another to the sheriff of Kent to bring the jury. These were granted, returnable at the octave of Michaelmas 1461.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to Michaelmas one month 1462. On this day, parties came, jury came. JB appealed the panel, saying that it was arrayed by Thomas atte Style, under-bailiff of William Kene, bailiff of Thomas, Archbishop of Canterbury, of his liberty of the hundred of Codsheath, at the nomination of TW. This was confirmed by the triers, and the panel removed. Sheriff to have new jury here at octave of Hilary.

Postea text: Sheriff of Kent did not send writ, to quindene of Easter 1463.

Postea text: Document delivered to Thomas Hever, as process discontinued. John Fogge quit.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/798, rot 271. Further case between these parties on CP 40/811, rot 143.

Events
Type Place Date
Release (from Debt/obligation) Sevenoaks < Kent < England (initial) 12/03/1458
Bond Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 09/03/1457
(due) 29/09/1457 < Michaelmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Bele (m) Yeoman (lately of) Sevenoaks < Kent < England Defendant
John Fogge (m) Chief Clerk Common Pleas [court] Official
Thomas atte Style (m) Under-bailiff Official
Thomas Bourgchier (m) Archbishop Canterbury [archdiocese] Other
Thomas Hever (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Wynslowe alias Thomas Wenslowe (m) Citizen Draper London < England Plaintiff
William Fenys (m) Lord Say [barony] Other
William Kene (m) Bailiff Official