CP40/799
Michaelmas term 1460

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Centre for Metropolitan History

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Jonathan Mackman and Matthew Stevens

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2010

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'CP40/799: Michaelmas term 1460', Court of common pleas: The National Archives, CP40: 1399-1500 (2010). URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=118130 Date accessed: 29 August 2014.


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Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 025
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 025
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 035
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 082
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 109
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Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 117d
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Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 025

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 20m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Edmund Wyghton, by the privileges enjoyed by officials of this court, states that on 22 May 1460 Edward Frank made a bond with him in £10, but has not paid, to his damage of 20m. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: EF defends force and injury [pleading incomplete].

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Dunstan in the East < Tower Ward < London < England (initial) 22/05/1460
(due) 01/08/1460
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Edmund Wyghton (m) Attorney Common Pleas [court] Plaintiff
Edward Frank (m) Woolpacker (lately of) London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 025

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Robert Heworth states that on 26 February 1456 John Blakbourn made a bond with him in £30, but has not paid, to his damage of £10. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JB granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Sepulchre without Newgate < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 26/02/1456
(due) 16/05/1456 < Pentecost
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Blakbourn (m) Citizen Vintner London < England Defendant
Robert Heworth (m) Gentleman Plaintiff
Thomas Kello (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 035

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (account); Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Bond; Reckoning of account

Pleading: William Brocas states that on 17 October 1444 John Bowdeler, now deceased, made a bond with him in £15 8s 7d, payable at the Nativity of St John the Baptist next, and on 20 February 1445 John B accounted before Alan Lumpner and William Bradburn, auditors, for various sums of money received by him for WB, and was found to be in arrears by a further £23 10d. However, John B did not pay either debt during his life, and nor has his widow Juliana, to whom administration of John B's goods was granted at Shrewsbury by John Clove, bachelor in decretals and commissary general of Reginald, bishop of Hereford. This is to WB's damage of £20. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: Juliana B states that she should not owe the £15 8s 7d, as the bond is not of John B's making. Parties on country. She also states that there was never any such reckoning of account between WB and John B before these auditors, as claimed by WB. Parties on country, jury here at morrow of All Souls. WB appoints Robert Vaus as his attorney.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, to octave of Martinmas 1460. Bond to remain in custody of Henry Felongley.

Events
Type Place Date
Accounting St Peter Westcheap < Farringdon Ward Within < London < England (initial) 20/02/1445
Bond St Peter Westcheap < Farringdon Ward Within < London < England (initial) 17/10/1444
(due) 24/06/1445 < St John the Baptist, Nativity of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Alan Lumpner (m) Auditor
Henry Felongley (m) King's Clerk Official
John Bowdeler (m) dec. Ludlow < Shropshire < England Intestator
John Clove (m) Bachelor In Decretals Commissary General Official
John Wydeslade (m) Attorney of defendant
Juliana Bowdeler (f) Widow (lately of) Ludlow < Shropshire < England Administrator, Defendant
Reginald Boulers (m) Bishop Hereford [diocese] Official
Robert Vaus (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Bradburn (m) Auditor
William Brocas (m) Citizen Grocer London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 082

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Ralph Grey, John Souger and Thomas Godewyn state that on 30 June 1459 Robert Edmond made bond with them in £16, but has not paid, to their damage of £10. They show the bond in court.

Pleading: RE granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary. Pledges named.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Ethelburga < Bishopsgate Ward < London < England (initial) 30/06/1459
(due) 25/12/1459 < Christmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Knot (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Souger (m) Plaintiff
Peter Benet (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
Ralph Grey (m) Esquire Plaintiff
Richard Bulk (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
Robert Edmond (m) Citizen Brewer London < England Defendant
Robert Whatton (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Godewyn (m) Citizen Girdler London < England Plaintiff
Thomas Sammey (m) Salter London < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 109

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: Surrey
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John, prior of the hospital of St Mary without Bishopsgate, amerced for many defaults. John, prior of St Mary Overy, Southwark, states that on 16 January 1427 Roger, then prior of St Mary without Bishopsgate, with the convent of that house, made a bond with the prior and convent of St Mary Overy in £100, payable to them or their successors on 1 March 1427. However, they have not paid, to his damage of £40. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: The prior of St Mary's is granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary.

Postea text: Further licence to imparl, to quindene of Easter.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Southwark < Surrey < England (initial) 16/01/1427
(due) 01/03/1427
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Henry Werkworth (m) Prior St Mary Overy, Southwark [priory] Southwark < Surrey < England Other
John Bottisham (m) Prior St Mary Overy, Southwark [priory] Southwark < Surrey < England Plaintiff
John Torkesey (m) Prior St Mary Without Bishopsgate [hospital] London < England Defendant
Roger Jurdon (m) Prior St Mary Without Bishopsgate [hospital] London < England Other
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of defendant
William Fagger (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 110

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: Surrey
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 20m
Damages awarded: 20s
Costs: 40s
Case type: Bond; Contract (general)

Pleading: Thomas Averey states that on 14 October 1459 Richard Hoo made a bond with him in £10, payable at All Saints' then next, but has not paid, to his damage of 20m. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: RH seeks to hear the bond and endorsement, and these are read. The endorsement states that the condition of the bond is such that if RH deliver the body of a certain William Goddard into the custody of the warden of the Bishop of Winchester's prison at Southwark by the morrow of All Souls next, then the bond shall be cancelled. RH states that before 3 November 1459, he delivered WG to the custody of Ralph Moreton, warden of the bishop's prison in Southwark, according to the terms of the endorsement.

Pleading: TA states that RH did not deliver WG to RM as he claims. Enquiry by country, jury here at octave of Martinmas.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, to quindene of Hilary 1461.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, to Easter three weeks 1461, before when plea remained without day, as Edward IV had removed Henry VI from the throne. On 9 October 1461 TA sought writ to the sheriff of Surrey to re-summon RH and to bring jury, and this was granted, returnable at the morrow of All Souls 1461.

Postea text: TA came, RH did not come, sheriff sent that he had nothing to distrain. Jury did not come. RH to be taken to be here at quindene of Hilary 1462. Jury in respite to same day.

Postea text: Parties came, jury say that RH did not deliver WG to RM. Damages assigned to TA at 20s, costs at 40s. Order that TA recover debt and costs. RH amerced.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Southwark < Surrey < England (initial) 14/10/1459
(due) 01/11/1459 < All Saints
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Ralph Moreton (m) Warden Official
Richard Hoo (m) Gentleman London < England Defendant
Thomas Averey (m) Plaintiff
William Fagger (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Goddard (m) Maltman Enfield < Middlesex < England Other
William Waynflete (m) Bishop Winchester [diocese] Other

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 115

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 100m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Roger Draper, Richard Payn, Thomas Bernewey and John Kendale, executors of Stephen Grene, state that on 28 November 1452 Edward Ponynges made a bond with SG, now deceased, in £71 5s 10d, payable at Easter then next. However, he did not pay SG during his lifetime, and has not paid the executors after his death, to their damage of 100m. They show the bond in court, and the testamentary letters of SG, by which they have executry and administration.

Pleading: EP states that this bond is not of his making. Parties on country, jury here at Michaelmas one month.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Nicholas Acon < Langbourn Ward < London < England (initial) 28/11/1452
(due) 01/04/1453 < Easter
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Edward Ponynges (m) Clerk (lately of) Arundel < Sussex < England Defendant
John Kendale (m) Citizen Pewterer London < England Executor, Plaintiff
Richard Payn (m) Citizen Draper London < England Executor, Plaintiff
Roger Draper (m) Executor, Plaintiff
Stephen Grene (m) dec. Citizen Draper London < England Testator
Thomas Bernewey (m) Citizen Draper London < England Executor, Plaintiff
Thomas Hever (m) Attorney of defendant
William Martyn (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 117

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £40
Damages awarded: 26s 8d
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Richard Lee, Robert Pound and John Michell state that on 26 September 1455 Thomas Asshe made three bonds with them, two in £16 and the third in £16 13s 4d. They acknowledge that they have been paid £13 13s 4d of the last bond, but TA has not paid the remaining £35, to their damage of £40. They show the bonds in court.

Pleading: TA granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary. Pledges named.

Postea text: Plaintiffs came by attorney, TA did not come, in default. Order that plaintiffs recover debt, and damages of 26s 8d. TA amerced.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Stephen Walbrook < Walbrook Ward < London < England (initial) 26/09/1455
(due) 17/04/1457 < Easter
Bond St Stephen Walbrook < Walbrook Ward < London < England (initial) 26/09/1455
(due) 25/12/1456 < Christmas
Bond St Stephen Walbrook < Walbrook Ward < London < England (initial) 26/09/1455
(due) 29/09/1456 < Michaelmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Michell (m) Citizen Grocer London < England Plaintiff
John Okelond (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
Nicholas Wedyrby (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
Richard Lee (m) Citizen Grocer London < England Plaintiff
Robert Pound (m) Citizen Grocer London < England Plaintiff
Thomas Asshe (m) Dyer (lately of) Grantham < Lincolnshire < England Defendant
Thomas Baret (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Kyngham (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 117d

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: Gloucestershire
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: 10m
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: John Batyn states that on 11 October 1457, at Gloucester, John Carter bought from him one butt and one barrel of Malmsey wine for 100s, payable on request, but has not paid, to his damage of 10m.

Pleading: JC states that on the day of JB's original writ he was of the grade of man called a 'husbandman', and not a 'hosteller', as the writ supposes. He therefore seeks judgment on the writ.

Pleading: JB states that on the day of his original writ, namely 10 October 1458, JC was a hosteller, as the writ supposes. Enquiry on country, jury here at quindene of Hilary.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods Gloucester < Gloucestershire < England (initial) 11/10/1457
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Batyn (m) Citizen Grocer London < England Plaintiff
John Carter (m) Hosteler, Husbandman Tetbury < Gloucestershire < England Defendant
John Smale (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 121

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Thomas Smyth, his wife Elizabeth and John Ward state that on 5 October 1458 John Pere made a bond with ES and JW in £4 11s 8½d, but has not paid, to their damage of 100s. They show the bond in court.

Pleading: JP states that this bond is not of his making. Parties on country, jury here at Michaelmas one month. Pledges named. Bond in safe-keeping of Henry Fylongley.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, to octave of Martinmas 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Stephen Walbrook < Walbrook Ward < London < England (initial) 05/10/1458
(due) 25/12/1459 < Easter
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Elizabeth Smythe alias Elizabeth Smyth (f) Chipping Norton < Oxfordshire < England Plaintiff
Henry Fylongley (m) King's Clerk Common Pleas [court] Official
John Gardyner (m) Brewer London < England Surety for defendant
John Holand (m) Saddler London < England Surety for defendant
John Pere (m) Citizen Grocer London < England Defendant
John Plenty (m) Grocer London < England Surety for defendant
John Ward (m) Mercer London < England Plaintiff
Thomas Smyth (m) Plaintiff
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Boteler (m) Tailor London < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 121d

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: []
Case type: Bond

Pleading: The king, suing in the person of William Nottingham [the king's attorney], states that on 1 August 1459 Thomas Wymbyssh made a bond with the king and William Pychard and William Pykeryng, collectors of customs in the town and port of Boston, in £100, payable on 1 February then next. However, he has not paid, and refuses, as WN is prepared to verify [no damage claim made].

Pleading: TW states that this bond is not of his making. Parties on country, jury here at Michaelmas one month. Bond in safe-keeping of Henry Fylongley.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, to octave of Martinmas 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Lawrence Jewry < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 01/08/1459
(due) 01/02/1460
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Henry Fylongley (m) King's Clerk Common Pleas [court] Official
Henry VI (m) King Plaintiff
Robert Gegge (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Wymbyssh (m) Merchant Nocton < Lincolnshire < England Defendant
William Pychard (m) Collector of Customs Boston < Lincolnshire < England Creditor
William Pykeryng (m) Collector of Customs Boston < Lincolnshire < England Creditor

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 124

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond); Debt (loan)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Bond; Loan

Pleading: John Richard states that on 15 July 1449 Godfrey Hylton made a bond with him in 10m, payable at Martinmas next, and also borrowed a further 6s 8d, payable on request. However, he has not paid either debt, to his damage of 100s. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: GH states that the 10m bond is not of his making. Parties on country. Regarding the rest, he states that he does not owe JR this 6s 8d or any money as claimed. Parties on country, jury here at morrow of Martinmas. Bond in safe-keeping of Henry Fylongley.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, to quindene of Easter 1461.

Postea text: Before this date, plea remained without day, as Edward IV removed Henry VI from the throne. Afterwards, on 9 [damaged, could be 19 or 29] October 1461, JR sought writ to the sheriff of London to re-summon GH and the jury; this was granted, returnable at the octave of Martinmas 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Sepulchre without Newgate < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 15/07/1449
(due) 11/11/1449 < Martinmas
Loan St Sepulchre without Newgate < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 15/07/1449
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Godfrey Hilton alias Godfrey Hylton (m) Gentleman (lately of) Irnham < Lincolnshire < England Defendant
Henry Fylongley (m) King's Clerk Official
John Fulbrook (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Richard (m) Citizen Tailor London < England Plaintiff
John Salter (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 128

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: Surrey
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Lawrence Bristowe, prior of Prittlewell, states that on 6 July 1459 Hugh Lane made two bonds with him, each in £6 4s 2d, payable at All Saints' and Pentecost then next. However, he has not paid either debt, to his damage of £10. He shows the bonds in court.

Pleading: HL granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary.

Postea text: Further licence to imparl, to Easter three weeks 1461

Case notes: See further case between these parties on CP 40/819, rot 289.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Southwark < Surrey < England (initial) 06/07/1459
(due) 01/06/1460 < Pentecost
Bond Southwark < Surrey < England (initial) 06/07/1459
(due) 01/11/1459 < All Saints
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Hugh Lane (m) Woodmonger (lately of) London < England Defendant
Lawrence Bristowe (m) Prior Prittlewell Priory [priory] Prittlewell < Essex < England Plaintiff
William Fagger (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 130d

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: £20
Damages awarded: £20
Case type: Detention of goods

Pleading: William Broun and his wife Alice state that Agnes London, grandmother of Alice, namely the mother of Margaret, mother of Alice B, whose heir Alice B is, was formerly seised of a messuage with appurtenances in Coventry in her demesne as of fee tail, to her and the heirs of her body, by virtue of a gift by Richard Brocher to a certain Richard de la Myre and his wife Alice and the heirs of their bodies, Agnes L being the daughter of Thomas, son of Richard M and Alice M. She also had possession of a certain chest containing various documents and muniments pertaining to this property, but she lost it. Agnes L later died seised of the messuage, after which the messuage descended to Alice B as granddaughter and heir of Agnes L. After the death of Agnes L, and after the marriage of William B and Alice B, namely on 16 January 1440, the chest came into the hands of William Cortenale, of his own discovery, but despite requests he has not returned it to WB and AB, and refuses, to their damage of £20.

Pleading: WC states that he does not detain this sealed chest and charters from the plaintiffs as claimed. Parties on country, jury here at octave of Martinmas.

Postea text: Jury in respite to octave of Hilary 1461, when pleading adjourned to quindene of Easter 1461, before which date plea left without day, as Edward IV had removed Henry VI from the throne. Later, on 12 May 1462, plaintiffs cone by attorney, seek writ to the sheriff of London to re-summon WC, and to have the jury here. This is granted, returnable at the octave of Trinity 1462.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to morrow of Martinmas 1462, nisi prius they come before Robert Danby, CJCP, at St Martin le Grand on 6 November 1462. Before this, pleading adjourned to the octave of Hilary 1463, by writ of common adjournment. On this day, parties came, justices of assize sent record that on that day, before RD and Thomas Danby, parties came, some jurors came, others did not come. Jury in respite to octave of the Purification, for default of jury.

Postea text: Jury again placed in respite to Easter three weeks 1463, nisi prius they come before Robert Danvers, JCP, at St Martin le Grand on 29 April 1463. On this day came WB and AB, justices sent record that on that day, before Danvers and Hugh Unton, WB and AB came, WC did not come, in default. Jury said that WC did detain the said chest and documents. Damages assigned at £20 if WC returns the chest, and at 100m if he does not. Order that WB and AB recover chest and documents and relevant damages, WC amerced.

Events
Type Place Date
Location of Property Coventry < Warwickshire < England
Detention of Goods St Alban Wood Street < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 16/01/1440
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Agnes London (f) dec. Other
Alice Broun (f) Plaintiff
Alice de la Myre (f) dec. Other
Hugh Unton (m) Justice
John Abell (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Margaret [un-named] (f) dec. Other
Richard Brocher (m) Other
Richard de la Myre (m) dec. Other
Robert Danby (m) Knight Chief Justice Common Pleas [court] Justice
Robert Danvers (m) Justice Common Pleas [court] Justice
Thomas Danby (m) Justice
Thomas de la Myre (m) dec. Other
William Broun (m) Plaintiff
William Cortenale (m) Chapman Coventry < Warwickshire < England Defendant
William Haloughton (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 133

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: 100m
Case type: Detention of goods; Safe keeping

Pleading: John Pury states that on 15 February 1454 he delivered to William Bartram for safe-keeping a certain sealed bag containing charters and other muniments, to be returned to him on request. However, WB has not returned them, to his damage of 100m.

Pleading: WB granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary.

Events
Type Place Date
Safe Keeping St Thomas the Apostle < Cordwainer Street Ward < London < England (initial) 15/02/1454
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Pury (m) Plaintiff
Richard Wideville (m) Lord Rivers [barony] Other
Thomas Adams (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of defendant
William Bertram alias William Bartram (m) Gentleman Servant (lately of) Maidstone < Kent < England alias (lately of) London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 138

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: 40m
Case type: Abduction

Pleading: Walter Walker states that on 10 November 1459 Thomas Mascall forcibly took and carried away his apprentice John Spencer, against the peace and to his damage of 40m.

Pleading: TM granted licence to imparl to quindene of Hilary. Pledges named.

Events
Type Place Date
Abduction St Mary Colechurch < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 10/11/1459
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Johnson (m) Hosteler London < England Surety for defendant
John Kyng (m) Barber London < England Surety for defendant
John Spencer (m) Apprentice Other
Thomas Mascall (m) Tailor (lately of) London < England Defendant
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Walter Walker (m) Plaintiff
William Gybons (m) Fuller London < England Surety for defendant
William Marchall (m) Barber London < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 143

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Taking of goods

Pleading: Thomas Byllynggey and John Blenche state that on 24 March 1460, in Salisbury, John Dey forcibly took and carried away goods worth £13, namely 6 large gross of iron clasps, 2000 pins, 69 large gross and three simple gross of iron buckles called shoe buckles ('shoebukkyll'), 200 needles called 'paknedill', 4 dozen tin ('stannum') spoons, 8 dozen leather ('correarum') girdles, 2 dozen iron chains called 'ferett cheynes', 2 dozen belts ('singulorum') called 'Girthwebbys' and a dozen woollen cloths called 'blanket', against the peace and to their damage of £20.

Pleading: JD denies force and arms; parties on country. Concerning the rest, he states that the plaintiffs ought not maintain their action, as before the date of the alleged trespass, the owner of the goods was a certain William Horwode, a bucklemaker of London, who gave them to JD in London. Later, but before the alleged trespass, WH unjustly took them back from him and took them to Salisbury, where he gave them to TB and JB. JD then went and took them back, as seemed right to him.

Pleading: TB and JB, not acknowledging anything said by JD, state that they owned these goods until JD took them in Salisbury and carried them away, as they claimed, and not that the owner of the goods was WH.

Pleading: JD states that the owner of the goods was WH, as he claimed. Parties on country, sheriff of London to have jury here at octave of Martinmas. Pledges named.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, to octave of Hilary 1461.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, to quindene of Easter 1461, before when plea remained without day, as Edward IV removed Henry VI from the throne. On 4 July 1469 TB and JB seek a writ to the sheriff of Wiltshire to re-attach JD to be here, and another to the sheriff of London to have the jury here; these are granted, returnable at the octave of Michaelmas 1469.

Postea text: Plaintiffs come, sheriff of Wiltshire says that JD has nothing in his bailiwick, sheriff of London did not send writ. Sicut prius, to octave of Hilary 1470.

Postea text: Sheriffs did not send writs, to octave of Trinity 1470.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to octave of Trinity 1470, when process adjourned to octave of Michaelmas 1470, before when plea remained without day, as Henry VI replaced Edward IV on the throne. Afterwards, on 16 October 1470 plaintiffs seek further writs to the sheriffs; granted, returnable at the octave of Hilary 1471.

Events
Type Place Date
Taking of Goods Salisbury < Wiltshire < England (initial) 24/03/1460
Gift St Lawrence Jewry < Cheap Ward < London < England
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Blenche (m) London < England Plaintiff
John Bultell (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
John Dey (m) Cutler London < England Defendant
John Quyk (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Richard Agland (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Byllynggey (m) Tailor London < England Plaintiff
Thomas Unthank (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
William Frelove (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
William Horwode (m) Citizen Chapemaker London < England Other

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 146

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £500
Case type: Assault

Pleading: Thomas Scargyll states that on 6 June 1457 Francisco Salvage, together with Juliano Salvage, Galioto Centurion, Francisco Spynell, Ludovico de Marinis, Ludovico Baptist and Christopher Spynell, forcibly assaulted his servant, John Scargyll, in London, such that he despaired of his life, and TS was deprived of his service from that date until the day of his original writ, namely 23 July 1460.This was against the peace, and to his damage of £500.

Pleading: FS denies responsibility for this trespass as claimed. Parties on country, jury here at octave of Hilary.

Pleading: [Followed by mesne process, same plea against the other six men involved, who did not come, nothing to attach. Sheriff to take for same term.]

Case notes: See also rot 148.

Events
Type Place Date
Assault St Mary Fenchurch < Langbourn Ward < London < England (initial) 06/06/1457
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Christopher Spynell (m) Merchant (lately of) London < England Accessory
Francisco Salvage (m) Merchant (lately of) London < England Defendant
Francisco Spynell (m) Merchant (lately of) London < England Accessory
Galioto Centurion (m) Merchant (lately of) London < England Accessory
John Scargyll (m) Servant Other
Juliano Salvage (m) Merchant (lately of) London < England Accessory
Ludovico Baptist (m) Merchant (lately of) London < England Accessory
Ludovico Marinis (m) Merchant (lately of) London < England Accessory
Thomas Scargyll (m) Plaintiff
William Fleg (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 147

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Assault

Pleading: Thomas Cantelowe states that on 20 March 1460, in London, Richard Quaynon forcibly assaulted his servant, James Bussheman, making such great threats and causing such great injuries that JB could not go about TC's business, namely collecting TC's money, for half a year, such that his business remained undone and he lost his servant's service. This was against the peace and to his damage of £20.

Pleading: RQ granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary, with assent of TC.

Events
Type Place Date
Assault All Hallows Barking < Tower Ward < London < England (initial) 20/03/1460
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
James Bussheman (m) Servant Other
Richard Quaynon (m) Brewer (lately of) London < England Defendant
Thomas Cantelowe (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 148

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £100
Case type: Assault

Pleading: Thomas Scargyll states that on 6 June 1457 Galioto Centurion, Juliano Salvage and Francisco Spynell forcibly assaulted his servant, John Scargyll, in London, such that he despaired of his life, and TS was deprived of his service from that date until the day of his original writ, namely 12 September 1457. This was against the peace, and to his damage of £100.

Pleading: The defendants, protesting that John S was not a servant of TS at the time of the alleged trespass, deny responsibility for this trespass as claimed. Parties on country, jury here at octave of Hilary.

Case notes: See also rot 146.

Events
Type Place Date
Assault St Mary Fenchurch < Langbourn Ward < London < England (initial) 06/06/1457
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Francisco Spynell (m) Merchant (lately of) London < England Defendant
Galioto Centurion (m) Merchant (lately of) London < England Defendant
John Quyk (m) Attorney of defendant
John Scargyll (m) Servant Other
Juliano Salvage (m) Merchant (lately of) London < England Defendant
Thomas Scargyll (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 152

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (other)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Debt; Real action / rents / damage to real estate

Pleading: Thomas Nyche states that on 20 August 1458, in London, he demised to Alan Temple a messuage with appurtenances in King's Lynn, to hold of him for 5 years at an annual rent of 40s payable equally at Easter and Michaelmas. AT held this property, but has not paid the 40s due at Easter and Michaelmas 38 Henry VI, to his damage of 100s.

Pleading: AT granted licence to imparl to quindene of Hilary.

Events
Type Place Date
Rental Agreement St Margaret Lothbury < Coleman Street Ward < London < England (initial) 20/08/1458
Location of Property King's Lynn < Norfolk < England
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Alan Temple (m) Chapman King's Lynn < Norfolk < England Defendant
Henry Russell (m) Attorney of defendant
John Faryngdon (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Nyche (m) Citizen Mercer London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 155

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Assault

Pleading: Peter Holeste states that on 1 September 1460 William Iscalde and his wife Idekene forcibly assaulted him, against the peace and to his damage of £20.

Pleading: WI by attorney and II in person deny responsibility for this trespass as claimed. Parties on country, jury here at octave of Hilary. Pledges named for II.

Events
Type Place Date
Assault St Dunstan in the East < Tower Ward < London < England (initial) 01/09/1460
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Wheteley (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
Idekene Iscalde (f) London < England Defendant
John Netherfold (m) Attorney of defendant
John Snede (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Werall (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
Peter Holeste (m) Plaintiff
Ralph Nutshaw (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
Robert Hethe (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
William Iscalde (m) Goldsmith London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 156

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Debt (bond); Debt (loan)
Damages claimed: 20m
Case type: Bond; Loan

Pleading: John Neell, master of the hospital of Thomas of Acon, London, states that on 12 November 1455, at Westminster, John Lylford made a bond with him in £20, payable at Michaelmas then next, and on 30 June 1456, also at Westminster, he made a bond in another £10, payable at Michaelmas then next. Also, on 19 November 1456, also at Westminster, he borrowed a further 100s, payable on request. However, JL has not repaid any of this £35, to his damage of 20m. He shows the bonds in court.

Pleading: JL states that, concerning the £30 owed on the bonds, the bonds were not of his making. Parties on country. Concerning the other 100s, JL states that he does not owe JN this or any money as claimed. Parties on country, jury here at octave of Martinmas. Bonds in safe-keeping of Henry Fylongley.

Postea text: On this day, jury in respite to quindene of Hilary, when pleading adjourned to quindene of Easter, before when plea remained without day as Edward IV had replaced Henry VI as king. On 9 October 1461 JN sought writ to the sheriff of Middlesex to re-summon JL and the jury, which was granted, returnable at Michaelmas one month 1461.

Postea text: Writ delivered to William Cumberford, deputy of the sheriff of Middlesex, for execution.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 12/11/1455
(due) 29/09/1456 < Michaelmas
Loan Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 19/11/1456
Bond Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 30/06/1456
(due) 29/09/1456 < Michaelmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Edward Wystowe (m) Attorney of defendant
Henry Fylongley (m) Clerk Common Pleas [court] Official
John Lylford (m) Clerk (lately of) Durham < Durham < England alias (lately of) London < England Defendant
John Neell (m) Master of House St Thomas of Acon [hospital] London < England Plaintiff
John Quyk (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Cumberford (m) Official

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 157

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Thomas Canyng states that on 5 July 1452 John Baron made a bond with him in £20, payable on the eve of Michaelmas, but has not paid, to his damage of £10. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JB granted licence to imparl to quindene of Hilary, with assent of TC. Pledges named.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Katherine Cree < Aldgate Ward < London < England (initial) 05/07/1452
(due) 28/09/1452
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Baron (m) Fisherman Bildeston < Suffolk < England alias (lately of) Bury St Edmunds < Suffolk < England Defendant
John Barowe (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
John Okelond (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Averra (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Canynges alias Thomas Canyng (m) London < England Plaintiff
William Nores (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
William Thornburgh (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 226

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: Northamptonshire
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Assault; Bond

Pleading: William Dowse states that on 6 September 1452 Philip Neel made a bond with him at Kingsthorpe in Northamptonshire in £10, but has not paid, to his damage of £10. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: PN states that he ought not owe this debt, as WD and others, at Greenwich in Kent, made such great threats to beat him and injure him, as well as to kill him, unless he made this bond that he made the bond out of fear of those threats.

Pleading: WD denies this, stating that PN made the bond freely and not through fear of any threats. Enquiry by country, sheriff of Kent to have jury of Greemwich here at octave of Hilary.

Events
Type Place Date
Assault Greenwich < Kent < England (initial) 06/09/1452
Bond Kingsthorpe < Northamptonshire < England (initial) 06/09/1452
(due) 01/11/1452 < All Saints
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Miller (m) Attorney of defendant
Philip Neel (m) Esquire Valet of the Crown (lately of) London < England Defendant
Richard Pittes (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Dowse (m) Kingsthorpe < Northamptonshire < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 249

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: John Claymond states that on 3 March 1458 John Pye bought two bales of woad from him for 75s, payable on request, but has not paid, to his damage of 100s.

Pleading: JP states that he does not owe JC this or any money as claimed. Makes his law immediately. JC to take nothing, amerced for false claim. JP quit and sent without day.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods All Hallows the Great < Dowgate Ward < London < England (initial) 03/03/1458
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Claymond (m) Citizen Draper London < England Plaintiff
John Pye (m) Weaver (lately of) Long Melford < Suffolk < England Defendant
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 249

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (account)
Damages claimed: 8m
Case type: Reckoning of account

Pleading: William Fraunceys states that on 20 April 1459 he and Thomas Gayler accounted together in London concerning various sums of money received by TG for him, and TG was found to be in arrears by £8. However, TG has not paid him this sum, to his damage 8m.

Pleading: TG granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary.

Events
Type Place Date
Accounting St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 20/04/1459
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Thomas Gayler jnr (m) Maltman Ardeley < Hertfordshire < England Defendant
William Fraunceys (m) Citizen Brewer London < England Plaintiff
William Hert (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 249d

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (other)
Damages claimed: 100m
Case type: Arbitration; Safe keeping; Trespass (chattels)

Pleading: John Love states that on 31 July 1459 he gave to Thomas George for safe-keeping a certain bond, which recorded that a certain Richard Horton was bound to JL in 40m. This was to be returned to him on request, but on that same date TG maliciously destroyed and tore up the bond, to his damage of 100m.

Pleading: TG granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary.

Pleading: [continued at Hilary 1461, rot 43d] TG states that he is not responsible for destroying this bond as claimed, protesting that JL delivered this bond to him in the parish of St Bride's in London on that day, in order for him to deliver it to Richard Horton, and before the date of the alleged trespass he delivered it to RH, and did not destroy it. Parties on country, jury here at octave of the Purification.

Postea text: [on CP 40/800, rot 43d] Sheriff did not send writ, to quindene of Easter 1461, before when the pleading was left without day, as Edward IV removed Henry VI from power. On 10 October 1461, JL sought a writ to the sheriff of London to re-attach TG to be here to hear judgment, and to have a jury here. This was granted, returnable on the morrow of Martinmas.

Postea text: Parties came, TG, by attorney, said that on 12 June 1461, in St Dunstan in the West in London, there was mediation between them by their friends, and it was agreed that concerning this trespass and all other quarrels outstanding between them, TG should give JL 6s 8d , and would then be quit. TG duly paid JL this 6s 8d, as agreed, and seeks judgment. JL states that there was never any such agreement between them, and seeks enquiry by the country. TG also. Jury of St Dunstan's here at octave of Hilary 1462.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/800, rot 43d.

Events
Type Place Date
Destruction of Chattels St Giles without Cripplegate < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 31/07/1459
Arbitration St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 12/06/1461
Safe Keeping St Giles without Cripplegate < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 31/07/1459
Safe Keeping St Bride Fleet Street < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 31/07/1459
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Love (m) Plaintiff
Richard Horton (m) Creditor
Robert Vaus (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas George (m) Saddler London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 249d

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: John Claymond states that on 3 March 1458 Geoffrey Smyth bought two bales of woad from him for 70s, payable on request, but has not paid, to his damage of 100s.

Pleading: GS states that he does not owe JC this or any money as claimed. Makes his law immediately. JC to take nothing, amerced for false claim. GS quit and sent without day.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods All Hallows the Great < Dowgate Ward < London < England (initial) 03/03/1458
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Geoffrey Smyth (m) Fuller (lately of) Long Melford < Suffolk < England Defendant
John Claymond (m) Citizen Draper London < England Plaintiff
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 250

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (loan)
Damages claimed: 5m
Case type: Loan

Pleading: Richard Walker was summoned to answer John Payn senior on plea that he render to him £17 which he owes but has not paid. John Payn states that on 10 November 1454 Richard Walker borrowed 100s [sic] from him, payable on request, but has not re-paid this, to his damage of 5m.

Pleading: RW granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary. JP appoints Robert Vaus as his attorney against RW.

Postea text: Parties come, RW states that he does not owe JP this £17 or any money as claimed. Makes his law immediately. JP to take nothing, amerced for false claim. RW sent without day.

Case notes: Initial claim is for debt of £17 (repeated in postea), but loan recorded is only 100s.

Events
Type Place Date
Loan St James Garlickhithe < Vintry Ward < London < England (initial) 10/11/1454
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Hoppyng (m) Attorney of defendant
John Payn snr (m) Burgess, Citizen Grocer, Merchant Southampton < Hampshire < England alias London < England Plaintiff
Richard Walker (m) Merchant (lately of) Salisbury < Wiltshire < England Defendant
Robert Vaus (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 250

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: 10m
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: John Claymond states that on 14 May 1456 Gilbert Barker bought from him 12 'tods' of wool for 73s 4d, payable on request, but has not paid, to his damage of 10m.

Pleading: GB states that he does not owe this or any money as claimed. Parties on country, jury here at quindene of Martinmas.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, to octave of Hilary 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods St Christopher le Stocks < Broad Street Ward < London < England (initial) 14/05/1456
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Gilbert Barker (m) Weaver (lately of) Long Melford < Suffolk < England Defendant
John Claymond (m) Citizen Draper London < England Plaintiff
John Payn (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 250d

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (loan)
Damages claimed: 100s
Damages awarded: 10s
Case type: Loan

Pleading: John Payn states that on 20 October 1457 Angelus Donato de Aldibrandi borrowed £17 from him, payable on request, but has not paid, to his damage of 100s.

Pleading: AD granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary. JP appoints [omitted, named as Robert Vaus on CP 40/800, rot 224d] as his attorney against AD.

Pleading: [continued at Hilary 1461, rot 224d] AD admits that he owes 40s of this sum, as claimed. Order that JP recover this 40s, and damages of 10s; AD amerced. Concerning the rest, he states that JP ought not maintain his action, as he sealed a bond with JP regarding this £15, payable at a certain term, and delivered it to JP.

Pleading: JP states that AD did not deliver this £15 bond to him as he claimed. Enquiry by country, jury here at quindene of Easter. AD committed to the Fleet until he pays the 40s debt and 10s damages, and also until the justices should be advised concerning a certain complaint against AD returned here on the Thursday after the quindene of Hilary and filed in the king's court between the writs.

Postea text: [on CP 40/800, rot 224d] JP acknowledges satisfaction of the 40s debt and the 10s damages. He is also quit of other complaints, and he and the warden of the Fleet are quit.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/800, rot 224d.

Events
Type Place Date
Loan St James Garlickhithe < Vintry Ward < London < England (initial) 20/10/1457
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Angelus Donato (m) Merchant (lately of) London < England Defendant
John Payn snr (m) Burgess, Citizen Grocer, Merchant Southampton < Hampshire < England Plaintiff
Robert Vaus (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 250d

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (account)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Reckoning of account

Pleading: Henry Goldsmyth states that on 10 May 1456 he and Thomas Wroth accounted together in London concerning various sums of money received by TW for him, and TW was found to be in arrears by £40. However, TW has not paid this sum, to his damage of £10.

Pleading: TW granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary.

Events
Type Place Date
Accounting St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 10/05/1456
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Goldsmyth (m) Plaintiff
Robert Vaus (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Wroth (m) Clerk (lately of) Oakley < Hampshire < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 251

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Thomas Whyte states that on 12 September 1457 William Stone, now deceased, made a bond with him in £14 13s 4d, but neither he nor his executor, Thomas Stone, have paid, to his damage of £10. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: TS, executor of WS, granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary. TW appoints Robert Vaus as his attorney against TS.

Case notes: [Followed on roll by Middlesex case involving same defendant, brought by John Payn of Southampton.]

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 12/09/1457
(due) 25/03/1458 < Blessed Virgin Mary, Annunciation of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Hampton (m) Attorney of defendant
Robert Vaus (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Stone (m) Gentleman (lately of) Highworth < Wiltshire < England Defendant, Executor
Thomas Whyte (m) Merchant Southampton < Hampshire < England Plaintiff
William Stone (m) dec. Esquire (lately of) Southampton < Hampshire < England Testator

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 251d

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Bond

Pleading: James Gresham, executor of the will of William Colyns, was summoned to answer William Whyte on a plea that he, along with John Tasburgh, Thomas Wulvesby and Thomas Playter, his fellow executors, pay him £40 which he unjustly detains. WW states that on 15 March 1457 WC made a bond with him in £40, but WC did not pay him during his lifetime, and nor has JG as his executor after his death, to his damage of £20. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JG, protesting that he was never executor of the will of WC and never administered any of his goods, states that there are two places called Holt in Norfolk, these being Holt Market and Holt by Middelton, but no place just known simply as 'Holt', as the writ supposes. He seeks judgment on the writ.

Pleading: WW states that there is a place in Norfolk known simply as Holt, as the writ supposes. Enquiry by country, sheriff of Norfolk to have jury of the body of his county here at octave of Hilary.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond All Hallows Bread Street < Bread Street Ward < London < England (initial) 15/03/1457
(due) 25/03/1457 < Blessed Virgin Mary, Annunciation of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
James Gresham (m) Gentleman Holt < Norfolk < England Defendant, Executor
John Tasburgh (m) Gentleman (lately of) Norwich < Norfolk < England Executor
Thomas Playter (m) Gentleman (lately of) Norwich < Norfolk < England Executor
Thomas Wulvesby (m) Gentleman (lately of) Norwich < Norfolk < England Executor
William Colyns (m) dec. Gentleman (lately of) Norwich < Norfolk < England Testator
William Pryce (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Whyte (m) Esquire Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 251d

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Horn states that on 23 January 1443 Edward Franke made a bond with him in £6, but has not paid, to his damage of 100s. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: EF granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary. Pledges named.

Postea text: 5 further licences to imparl, to quindene of Easter 1462.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Christopher le Stocks < Coleman Street Ward < London < England (initial) 23/01/1443
(due) 21/04/1443 < Easter
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Edward Frampe alias Edward Franke (m) Citizen Woolpacker London < England alias (lately of) London < England Defendant
John Horn (m) Gentleman London < England Plaintiff
John Medcalff (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Donyton (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Kello (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
William Fleg (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 305d

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 40s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: William Lyghtwode states that on 24 February 1459 William Robynson made a bond with him in 40s, but has not paid, to his damage of 40s. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: WR granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary.

Postea text: Further licence to imparl to quindene of Easter 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Mary Bothaw < Walbrook Ward < London < England (initial) 24/02/1459
(due) 24/06/1459 < St John the Baptist, Nativity of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Quyk (m) Attorney of defendant
John Salter (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Lyghtwode (m) Citizen Draper London < England Plaintiff
William Robynson (m) Husbandman Chigwell < Essex < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 305d

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 40s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: William Lyghtwode states that on 24 February 1459 John Robynson made a bond with him in 40s, but has not paid, to his damage of 40s. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JR granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary.

Postea text: Further licence to imparl to quindene of Easter 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Mary Bothaw < Walbrook Ward < London < England (initial) 24/02/1459
(due) 24/06/1459 < St John the Baptist, Nativity of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Quyk (m) Attorney of defendant
John Robynson (m) Husbandman Havering-atte-Bower < Essex < England Defendant
John Salter (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Lyghtwode (m) Citizen Draper London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 306

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: Cornwall
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: 100m
Damages awarded: 40m
Case type: Housebreaking; Taking of goods

Pleading: Alvered Cornburgh states that on 20 January 1458 William Marner, Clement Marner, Robert Pascall and John Sutton forcibly broke his closes and houses at Pillaton and Penpoll by Pillaton, and took and carried away 7½ fothers of lead worth £40, against the peace and to his damage of 100m.

Pleading: WM, CM, RP and JS deny responsibility for this trespass as claimed. Parties on country, jury here at morrow of All Souls.

Postea text: Jury in respite to quindene of Hilary 1461, when pleading adjourned to Easter three weeks, before when pleading remained without day, as Edward IV replaced Henry VI as king. On 11 July 1461 AC sought a writ to the sheriff of Cornwall to re-attach the defendants, and to have the jury here; this was granted, returnable at the morrow of All Souls 1461.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to octave of the Purification 1462. On that day, AC came, defendants did not come, in default. Jury in respite to quindene of Easter, nisi prius they come before the justices of assize in Cornwall at Launceston on 8 March 1462, as jury did not come.

Postea text: AC came, justices of assize send record that on that day, before Nicholas Ayssheton and Walter Moille, justices of assize, AC came, jury came, said that defendants are responsible for taking half a fother of this 7½ fothers of lead, and for all of the rest of the trespass as claimed. Damages and costs assigned at 40m.

Postea text: AC came, defendants did not come. Sheriff said that they had nothing, to have them here at octave of Hilary 1462. Concerning the summoning of the jury, the sheriff said that the writ arrive too late. Sicut prius to same term.

Case notes: See also rot 401d.

Events
Type Place Date
House-breaking
Taking of Goods
Pillaton, Penpoll < Cornwall < England (initial) 20/01/1458
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Alvered Cornburgh (m) Plaintiff
Clement Marner (m) Yeoman (lately of) London < England Defendant
John Sutton (m) Goldsmith (lately of) London < England Defendant
Nicholas Ayssheton (m) Justice
Richard Reynold (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Robert Corffe (m) Attorney of defendant
Robert Pascall (m) Leatherseller (lately of) London < England Defendant
Walter Moille (m) Justice
William Marner (m) Pursemaker (lately of) London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 308

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: 40m
Case type: Housebreaking; Taking of goods

Pleading: Paul Vandebesson states that on 27 May 1460 John Mershman and Robert March, together with Hugh Assheton, forcibly broke into his house in London and took goods and chattels worth £20, namely six pairs of linen sheets, three cushions, three pairs of blankets, three covers, six tin ('stanno') vessels called 'potell pottes', six tin ('stanno') vessels called 'quart pottes', six tin ('stanno') vessels called 'pynt pottes', three brass ('eneas') dishes, three latten bowls, two latten lavers, eight latten candlesticks, 22 frying pans and 5oz of 'broken gold' ('auri fracti'). This was against the peace, and to his damage of 40m.

Pleading: JM and RM deny responsibility for this trespass as claimed. Parties on country, jury here at octave of Hilary.

Events
Type Place Date
House-breaking
Taking of Goods
St Nicholas Shambles < Farringdon Ward Within < London < England (initial) 27/05/1460
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Hugh Assheton (m) Yeoman (lately of) Southwark < Surrey < England Accessory
John Mershman (m) Saddler Southwark < Surrey < England Defendant
Paul Vandebesson (m) Plaintiff
Richard Alcok (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Robert March (m) Butcher Southwark < Surrey < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 321

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: Coventry
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £100
Case type: Taking of goods

Pleading: John Chacombe amerced for many defaults. Joan Wyrley states that on 20 June 1457, in Coventry, John Chacombe forcibly took and carried away his goods and chattels to a value of £40, namely a standing bowl ('crateram stantem') of gilt with a cover, four silver bowls, two silver salt cellars, one standing bowl ('ciphum stantem') called a 'nutte', three dozen spoons, three mazers bound with silver, two girdles decorated with silk, six pairs of linen sheets, four sets of bedding ('superlectilia'), four tablecloths, four towels ('manutergia'), four brass ('eneas') jars, and eight leads (lead weights?) called 'growtledes', as well as £30 in minted money. This was against the peace, and to her damage of £100.

Pleading: JC granted licence to imparl to morrow of the Purification.

Postea text: Further licence to imparl, to quindene of Easter 1461.

Case notes: See also rot 323d.

Events
Type Place Date
Taking of Goods Coventry < Warwickshire < England (initial) 20/06/1457
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Joan Wyrley (f) Plaintiff
John Abell (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Aleyn (m) Attorney of defendant
John Chacombe (m) Mercer London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 323

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (loan)
Damages claimed: 40s
Case type: Loan

Pleading: Richard Marchall states that on 17 October 1456 he loaned 40s to Richard Chappys, to be repaid on request, but RC has not done so, and now refuses, to his damage of 40s.

Pleading: RC granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary.

Pleading: [continued at Hilary 1461, rot 38] RC states that he does not owe RM this or any money as claimed. Order that he wager his law at the octave of the Purification next. Pledges named. Attorney to have defendant here.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/800, rot 38.

Events
Type Place Date
Loan St Mary Magdalen, Milk Street < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 17/10/1456
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Edward Cryer (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
Henry Seggewyk (m) Servant Other
James Gresham (m) Attorney of defendant
John Benet (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
Richard Chappys (m) Esquire (lately of) Freckenham < Suffolk < England Defendant
Richard Marchall (m) Citizen Haberdasher London < England Plaintiff
William Flegge (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 323d

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: Coventry
Writ type: Account
Damages claimed: 20m
Case type: Contract (service/employment); Reckoning of account

Pleading: Joan Wyrley states that John Chacombe was receiver of her money from Trinity 1457 until Michaelmas 1458, and during that time, in Coventry, received 46s 8d of Joan's money from the hand of John Holme, 46s 8d from John Blakenale, 46s 8d from Richard Norfolk, £4 6s 8d from John Phyppes, 10s from Richard Taillour, 10s from Augustine Smyth, and 10s from Henry Balle, all to the trade and profit of Joan. For this he was to render reasonable account on request, but he has not done so, to her damage of 20m.

Pleading: JC granted licence to imparl to the morrow of the Purification.

Postea text: Further licence to imparl, to quindene of Easter 1461.

Case notes: See also rot 321.

Events
Type Place Date
Service/employment Contract Coventry < Warwickshire < England (initial) 12/06/1457
(due) 29/09/1458
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Augustine Smyth (m) Other
Henry Balle (m) Other
Joan Wyrley (f) Plaintiff
John Abell (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Blakenale (m) Other
John Chacombe (m) Mercer London < England Defendant
John Holme (m) Other
John Phyppes (m) Other
Richard Norfolk (m) Other
Richard Taillour (m) Other
Thomas Aleyn (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 330d

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: Surrey
Writ type: Debt (other); Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: 40m
Case type: Contract (service/employment); Sale of goods

Pleading: Thomas Broke states that on 1 March 1453, at Sanderstead, he was retained by John Walker to serve him both in husbandry and also in buying and selling merchandise and other things, for a term of 6 years at a salary of 100s per year, payable equally at the Nativity of St John the Baptist and Christmas. He served him well and faithfully for this period, but JW has not paid the £30 due to him for this service. Also, on the same 1 March 1453, JW bought from him 200 large wooden vessels called keels for £10, payable on request, but JW has not paid this, or the other £30, to his damage of 40m.

Pleading: JW states that he does not owe TB this or any money as claimed. Parties on country, jury here at octave of Hilary.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, to quindene of Easter 1461.

Postea text: Before that day, pleading remained without day, as Edward IV replaced Henry VI as king. On 17 June 1461 TB sought a writ to the sheriff of Surrey to re-summon JW, and to have jury here; granted, returnable at octave of Michaelmas 1461.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, to Michaelmas one month 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods Sanderstead < Surrey < England (initial) 01/03/1453
Service/employment Contract Sanderstead < Surrey < England (initial) 01/03/1453
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Aleyn (m) Attorney of defendant
John Walker (m) Woodmonger London < England Defendant
Philip Squery (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Broke (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 331

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond

Pleading: William Latoner amerced for many defaults. Agnes, widow and executor of Thomas Rawley, and Henry Cheveley and Stephen Pyers, her fellow executors, state that on 13 July 1454 William Latoner made a bond with Thomas Rawley, now deceased, in £33 15s 8d. However, WL did not pay TR, and has not paid the executors, to their damage of £10. They show the bond in court, and the testamentary letters of TR, by which they have executry and administration.

Pleading: WL granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary, with assent of executors.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Sepulchre without Newgate < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 13/07/1454
(due) 25/12/1454 < Christmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Agnes Rawley (f) Executor, Plaintiff
Henry Cheveley (m) Citizen Tailor London < England Executor, Plaintiff
Richard Alcok (m) Attorney of defendant
Stephen Pyers (m) Citizen Tailor London < England Executor, Plaintiff
Thomas Jakelyn (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Rawley (m) dec. Gentleman (lately of) London < England Testator
William Latoner (m) Citizen Tailor London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 332d

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: 40s
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: Joan Martyn, Thomas Ade and John Peny, executors of John Martyn, state that on 20 November 1457 John Burghwell bought from John Martyn 100 cygnets ('cinuolos'), 20 capons and 12 herons for 40s, payable on request. However, JB did not pay this 40s to John M, and has not paid the executors, to their damage of 40s. They show in court the testamentary letters of John M, by which they have executry and administration.

Pleading: JB states that he does not detain this or any money as claimed. Makes his law immediately. Executors to take nothing, amerced for false claim. JB sent without day.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods St Giles without Cripplegate < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 20/11/1457
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Joan Martyn (f) Executor, Plaintiff
John Burghwell (m) Skinner (lately of) London < England Defendant
John Martyn (m) dec. Poulterer (lately of) London < St Giles without Cripplegate < Cripplegate Ward < England Testator
John Peny (m) Executor, Plaintiff
Thomas Ade (m) Executor, Plaintiff
William Flegge (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 333

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: Simon Reyham states that on 12 October 1458 Simon Pygot bought 8 sarplars of wool from him for £40, payable on request, but has not paid, to his damage of £20.

Pleading: SP states that he does not owe SR this or any money as claimed. Parties on country, jury here at octave of Martinmas.

Postea text: 2 posteas, sheriff did not send writ, to octave of the Purification 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods St Dunstan in the East < Billingsgate Ward < London < England (initial) 12/10/1458
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Fulbroke (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Yates (m) Attorney of defendant
Simon Pygot (m) Merchant (lately of) King's Lynn < Norfolk < England Defendant
Simon Reyham (m) Merchant London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 337d

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (against statute)
Damages claimed: £200
Damages awarded: 100m
Costs: £20
Case type: Assault; Breach of Statute; Taking of goods

Pleading: William Colman states that on 11 September 1452 Elizabeth Hardwyn, widow of William Hardwyn, by conspiracy with William Canewyk in London, claimed that William Colman, on 1 May 1452 forcibly assaulted EH at North Mimms in Hertfordshire, and took and carried off a horse with saddle and bridle worth 20s, a pair of saddlebags worth 12d, 8 gold rings worth 8m, 2 gold rings worth 10m, 6 kerchiefs worth 20s, and 12 decorated girdles worth 40s. On 26 September 1452, at Hitchin before Ralph Grey and Philip Butteler, keepers and justices of the peace in Hertfordshire, this case was heard and on 2 October WC was taken and put in the prison at Hertford until he could appear before Ralph Grey, Robert Knolles and Thomas Broket, justices of the peace, on 9 January 1455 at Hitchin, when he was acquitted. This was against the form of the ordinance, and to his damage of £200.

Pleading: EH denies responsibility for this conspiracy as claimed. Parties on country, jury here at octave of Hilary. Pledges named.

Postea text: Jury in respite to quindene of Easter 1461, before when pleading left without day, as Edward IV replaced Henry VI as king. In Trinity term 1461, WC came by attorney and sought writ to the sheriff of London to reattach EH and have her and the jury here; granted, returnable at octave of Michaelmas 1461.

Postea text: WC came, EH did not come. Sheriff said she had nothing, to take her for octave of Hilary 1462. Concerning the jury, sheriff said that the writ arrived too late, in respite to same term.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to Easter five weeks 1466, nisi prius they came before Robert Danby, CJCP, at St Martin le Grand on 8 May 1466. On this day, WC came, justices sent record that on that day, before Robert Danby and Thomas Danby, TC and EH both came, and of the empanelled jurors some came, namely John Newton, Richard Lynder and William Crowe, and these were jurors, but the rest who came were not of that ward, and other did not come. Jury in respite to quindene of Trinity 1466. On this day, jury in respite to quindene of St John the Baptist 1466, nisi prius they come before RD at St Martin le Grand on 25 June 1466. On this day, Colman came, justices sent record that on that day, before RD and TD, justices, Colman came, jury said that EH was guilty of this conspiracy as claimed by Colman. Damages assigned at 100m, costs at £31 6s 8d. The justices deemed that the costs awarded by the jury were excessive, and reduced the amount by £11 6s 8d. Therefore order that Colman recover damages of 130m. EH to be taken.

Postea text: W Colman acknowledges satisfaction of these damages. EH quit. EH sought to make fine with the king, by pledge of John Mason and John Medryngham. Granted in 20s. EH quit, and sent without day.

Case notes: No particular statute mentioned, but offence stated as being 'contrary to the ordinance'.

Events
Type Place Date
Breach of Statute St John Walbrook < Cordwainer Street Ward < London < England (initial) 11/09/1452
Assault
Taking of Goods
North Mimms < Hertfordshire < England (initial) 01/05/1452
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Elizabeth Hardwyn (f) Widow (lately of) Chipping Barnet < Hertfordshire < England Defendant
John Mason (m) Gentleman Blankney < Lincolnshire < England Surety other
John Medryngham (m) Gentleman Metheringham < Lincolnshire < England Surety other
John Newton (m) Juror
Peter Basset (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
Philip Butteler (m) Justice
Ralph Grey (m) Justice
Richard Lynder (m) Juror
Robert Danby (m) Chief Justice Common Pleas [court] Justice
Robert Gisburn (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
Robert Knolles (m) Justice
Robert Middelton (m) Fuller London < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Broket (m) Justice
Thomas Danby (m) Justice
William Canewyk (m) Husbandman (lately of) Stevenage < Hertfordshire < England Accessory
William Colchestre (m) Weaver London < England Surety for defendant
William Colman (m) Shearman London < England Plaintiff
William Crowe (m) Juror
William Hardwyn (m) dec. (lately of) Chipping Barnet < Hertfordshire < England Other
William Hert (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 342

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 20m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Levyng states that on 7 March 1435 William Veisy made a bond with him in £40, but has not paid, to his damage of 20m. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: WV granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary, with assent of JL.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 07/03/1435
(due) 05/06/1435 < Pentecost
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Alcok (m) Attorney of defendant
John Levyng jnr (m) Citizen Merchant London < England Plaintiff
Richard Levermore (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Veisy (m) Esquire Brickmaker Middlesex < England alias (lately of) London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 342d

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (other)
Damages claimed: 10m
Case type: Debt; Real action / rents / damage to real estate

Pleading: John Stapleton states that on 9 July 1456 he demised to William Smyth a messuage and shop with appurtenances in the parish of St Dunstan in the West in London, called the 'le Cok and the Key', to hold from Michaelmas 1456 for 20 years, at an annual rent of £6 payable quarterly. By virtue of this demise WS was in possession of this property, but has not paid 60s of rent, namely the 30s due at Michaelmas 1458 and the 30s due at Christmas 1458, to his damage of 10m.

Pleading: WS granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary, with assent of JS. Pledges named.

Pleading: [continued at Hilary 1461, rot 39] WS states that JS ought not maintain his action, as after the making of the demise but before these two payments were due, namely on 4 July 1458, in Southwark, he gave up all his interest in this property by virtue of this demise, to which JS agreed.

Pleading: JS states that WS did not return his interest in this property to him, as he has claimed. Enquiry by country, sheriff of Surrey to have jury here at quindene of Trinity. Pledges named as before.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/800, rot 39.

Events
Type Place Date
Rental Agreement St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 09/07/1456
Release (from Debt/obligation) Southwark < Surrey < England (initial) 04/07/1458
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Christopher Elynden (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
John Stapleton (m) Citizen Grocer London < England Plaintiff
John Wheler (m) Joiner London < England Surety for defendant
Richard Alcok (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
Robert Forster (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Wheler (m) Joiner London < England Surety for defendant
William Smyth (m) Armourer (lately of) London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 343d

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 20m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Robert Gregory states that on 9 May 1453 Richard Freman made a bond with him in £21 12s 8d, of which £9 12s 8d was payable at Pentecost next, and £12 at St Bartholomew then next. However, RF has not paid RG this sum, to his damage of 20m. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: RF granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary, with assent of RG.

Pleading: [continued at Hilary 1461, rot 41d] RF states that he should not be held to this bond, as at the time of its making he was under the age of 21.

Pleading: RG states that at the time of the bond RF was of the full age of 21 years. Enquiry by country, jury here at the octave of the Purification.

Postea text: [on CP 40/800, rot 41d] Sheriff did not send writ, to Easter three weeks.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/800, rot 41d.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Mary le Bow < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 09/05/1453
(due) 20/05/1453 < Pentecost
(due) 24/08/1453 < St Bartholomew
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
James Gresham (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Hampton (m) Attorney of defendant
Richard Freman (m) Merchant Salisbury < Wiltshire < England Defendant
Robert Gregory (m) Citizen Mercer London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 353

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: £100
Case type: Detention of goods; Real action / rents / damage to real estate

Pleading: Andrew Peverell and his wife Nichola, William Shillyngford and his wife Mabel, and Elizabeth Botour all state that a certain John Pynde was formerly seised of a messuage, 100 acres of land, 12 acres of meadow and 40 acres of gorse and heath in Shillingford Abbot in his demesne as of fee, and by a certain charter granted it to a certain John Botour senior, and his heirs and assigns in perpetuity. JB senior was thus seised, and then he granted it to John Pynde, Lawrence Botour and his wife Agnes for the term of each of their lives. After the death of John Pynde, the property remained to Lawrence and Agnes Botour, Agnes being the daughter of Pynde, and the heirs of their bodies. If they should die without heirs, then the property should remain to Edith, wife of John Botour junior, and the heirs of her body, and if she should die without heirs, the property should remain to the rightful heirs of John Pynde. As a result of the original grant, a bag containing various charters was delivered to John Pynde, and Lawrence and Agnes Botour along with seisin of this property. As a result of this grant, JP was seised in his demesne as of free tenement, and LB and AB in their demesne as of fee tail, and all were in possession of the bag and charters. JP then died, and LB and AB also died without heirs of their bodies, and the property remained to Edith Botour, who was seised in her demesne as of fee tail. She then died, and the property descended to Nichola Peverell, Mabel Shillyngford and Elizabeth Botour, as cousins and heirs of Edith Botour, being daughters and heirs of William Botour, son of Edith B. However, on 1 April 1440, in London, the bag and charters came into the possession of Roger Boway, and although the plaintiffs have sought their return, RB has not returned them, to their damage of £100.

Pleading: RB, protesting that the charter specified in the pleading did not come into his possession as claimed, states that John Botour did not grant this property to John Pynde, Lawrence Botour and Agnes Botour as the plaintiffs suppose. Parties on country, jury here at quindene of Hilary.

Events
Type Place Date
Detention of Goods Fleet Street < St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 01/04/1440
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Agnes Botour (f) Other
Andrew Peverell (m) Plaintiff
Edith Botour (f) Other
Elizabeth Botour (f) Plaintiff
John Botour snr (m) dec. Other
John Botour jnr (m) Other
John Hoppyng (m) Attorney of defendant
John Knotte (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Pynde (m) dec. Other
Lawrence Botour (m) Other
Mabel Shillyngford (f) Plaintiff
Nichola Peverell (f) Plaintiff
Roger Boway (m) Franklin Shillingford Abbot < Devon < England Defendant
William Botour (m) dec. Other
William Shillyngford (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 362d

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 40s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Richard states that on 23 November 1439 William Fryvill made a bond with him in 41s 1d, but has not paid, to his damage of 40s. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: WF states that this bond is not of his making. Parties on country, jury here at octave of Hilary. Bond to remain in safe-keeping of Henry Fylongley.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, to Easter three weeks 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Sepulchre without Newgate < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 23/11/1439
(due) 24/01/1440
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Henry Fylongley (m) King's Clerk Common Pleas [court] Official
John Fulbroke (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Richard (m) Citizen Tailor London < England Plaintiff
Robert Buxton (m) Attorney of defendant
William Fryvill (m) Gentleman (lately of) Little Shelford < Cambridgeshire < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 390

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Robert Donne states that on 22 August 1451 William Broke made two bonds with him, each in 59s 3d, but has not paid either, to his damage of £10. He shows the bonds in court.

Pleading: WB granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary, with assent of RD.

Pleading: [continued at Hilary 1461, rot 188] WB states that this bond is not of his making. Parties on country, jury here at the octave of the Purification. Bond to remain in custody of Henry Fylongley.

Postea text: [on CP 40/800, rot 188] Sheriff did not send writ, to quindene of Easter 1461.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/800, rot 188.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Sepulchre without Newgate < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 22/08/1451
(due) 19/08/1452
Bond St Sepulchre without Newgate < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 22/08/1451
(due) 19/08/1453
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Henry Fylongley (m) King's Clerk Common Pleas Official
Robert Donne (m) Esquire Plaintiff
Robert Heth (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Lambard (m) Attorney of defendant
William Broke (m) Citizen Skinner London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 391d

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Thomas Denys states that on 20 September 1455 John Gerveys, by a document dated at Ipswich on 9 September 1455 and delivered to him in the parish of St Bride in the ward of Farringdon Without, London on the said 20 September, made a bond with him in £50, payable at Michaelmas then next. JG has paid £10 of this, but has not paid the remaining £40, to his damage of £20. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JG granted licence to imparl to quindene of Hilary, with assent of TD.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Ipswich < Suffolk < England (initial) 09/09/1455
(initial) 20/09/1455
(due) 29/09/1455 < Michaelmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Gregory Langham (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Gerveys (m) Gentleman (lately of) Bury St Edmunds < Suffolk < England Defendant
John Martyn (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Denys (m) Gentleman Ipswich < Suffolk < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 391d

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 10m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Richard Yevans states that on 1 June 1460 William Broke made a bond with him in 5m, but has not paid, to his damage of 10m. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: WB granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary, with assent of RY.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 01/06/1460
(due) 01/11/1460 < All Saints
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Richard Yevans (m) Gentleman Plaintiff
William Broke (m) Citizen Skinner London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 392

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: William Redknap, citizen and mercer of London, alias William Redknape, citizen and grocer of London, states that on 1 February 1458 William Multon made a bond with him in 40s, but has not paid, to his damage of 100s. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: WM granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary, with assent of WR.

Postea text: Further licence to imparl to Easter three weeks 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 01/02/1458
(due) 25/12/1458 < Christmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Bysshop (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Hampton (m) Attorney of defendant
William Multon (m) Chapman (lately of) Steeple Ashton < Wiltshire < England Defendant
William Redknape alias William Redknap (m) Citizen Grocer, Mercer London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 392

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: William Redknap, citizen and mercer of London, alias William Redknape, citizen and grocer of London, states that on 1 February 1458 Robert Temys, now deceased, made a bond with him in 40s, payable at Christmas then next. However, RT did not pay, and nor has his executor William Temys, to his damage of 100s. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: WT granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary, with assent of WR.

Postea text: Further licence to imparl to Easter three weeks 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 01/02/1458
(due) 25/12/1458 < Christmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Bysshop (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Hampton (m) Attorney of defendant
Robert Temys (m) dec. Chapman Blackland < Wiltshire < England Testator
William Redknape alias William Redknap (m) Citizen Grocer, Mercer London < England Plaintiff
William Temys (m) Gentleman Rood Ashton < Wiltshire < England Defendant, Executor

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 396d

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (account)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Reckoning of account

Pleading: Juliana, widow and executor of William Beverle, and John Stones her fellow executor, state that on 15 June 1455 William Beverle and William Bonevyle accounted together in London concerning various sums of money of William Beverle received by Bonevyle before that time. Upon that account Bonevyle was found to be in arrears to William Beverle by £32, which should have been paid to William Beverle or his executors after his death, but Bonevyle has not paid, and still refuses, to their damage of £10. They show in court the testamentary letters of William Beverle, by which they have executry and administration.

Pleading: Bonevyle granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary.

Postea text: Further licence to imparl to quindene of Easter 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Accounting St John Walbrook < Cordwainer Street Ward < London < England (initial) 15/06/1455
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Hoppyng (m) Attorney of defendant
John Stones (m) Executor, Plaintiff
Juliana Beverle (f) Executor, Plaintiff
Walter Parys (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Beverle (m) dec. Citizen Skinner London < England Testator
William Bonevyle (m) Knight (lately of) Shute < Devon < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 397d

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Richard West, Lord la Warr, states that on 8 March 1460 Roger Rokwode made a bond with him in £10, but has not paid, to his damage of £10. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: RR seeks to hear the bond and endorsement in court. The endorsement states that the condition of the bond is such that if RR pay to RW £7 18s 5d on 30 March 1460, then the bond shall be cancelled; otherwise it would remain in force. Having heard this, RR granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary.

Postea text: Further licence to imparl, to quindene of Easter 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Martin Vintry < Vintry Ward < London < England (initial) 08/03/1460
(due) 25/03/1460 < Blessed Virgin Mary, Annunciation of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Richard West (m) Baron, Knight La Warr [barony] Plaintiff
Roger Rokwode (m) Gentleman (lately of) Euston < Suffolk < England Defendant
William Fagger (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 401

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 20m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Roger Chesshire, Robert Miller, Thomas Hereward and Robert Little, former domestic servants and executors of Simon Eyre, state that on 29 October 1456 Richard Bruyn made a bond with SE, now deceased, in £123 10s, payable on 1 July then next. The plaintiffs state that they have been satisfied of £20 of this sum, but RB has not paid the remaining £103 10s, either to SE or to them as his executors, to their damage of 20m. They show the bond in court, and also the testamentary letters of SE, by which they have executry and administration.

Pleading: RB states that there is not place in Kent known as Islingham ('Eslyngham'), as the writ supposes, and he seeks judgment on the writ. [No further pleading.]

Case notes: See resumption of case on CP 40/809, rot 407.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 29/10/1456
(due) 01/07/1457
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Quyk (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Richard Bruyn (m) Esquire (lately of) Islingham < Kent < England Defendant
Robert Little (m) Executor, Plaintiff
Robert Miller (m) Executor, Plaintiff
Roger Chesshire (m) Chaplain Executor, Plaintiff
Simon Eyre (m) dec. Alderman, Citizen Draper (lately of) London < England Testator
Thomas Hereward (m) Executor, Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 401d

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: 100m
Case type: Detention of goods; Safe keeping

Pleading: William Maryner states that on 16 May 1455 he delivered to Alvered Corneburgh goods and chattels worth £40 for safe-keeping, namely four pieces of silver called 'grayne' and one primer ('primarium'). These were to be returned on request, but AC has refused, to his damage of 100m.

Pleading: AC states that he does detain these goods from WM or any money as claimed. Makes his law immediately. WM to take nothing, amerced for false claim. AC sent without day.

Events
Type Place Date
Safe Keeping Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 16/05/1455
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Alvered Corneburgh (m) Gentleman (lately of) St Mellion < Cornwall < England Defendant
Robert Corfe (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Maryner (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 401d

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (loan)
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Loan

Pleading: William Maryner states that on 16 May 1455 Alvered Corneburgh borrowed £30 from him, payable on request, but has not paid, to his damage of £40.

Pleading: AC states that he does not owe WM this or any money as claimed. Makes his law immediately. WM to take nothing, amerced for false claim. AC sent without day.

Case notes: See also rot 306.

Events
Type Place Date
Loan St Mary Woolnoth < Langbourn Ward < London < England (initial) 16/05/1455
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Alvered Corneburgh (m) Gentleman (lately of) St Mellion < Cornwall < England alias (lately of) London < England Defendant
Robert Corfe (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Maryner (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 408

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: Somerset
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Isabel, widow of Thomas Chedder, states that on 2 February 1458 Thomas Thorndon made a bond with her in £21, payable at All Saints 1459, but has not paid, to her damage of £40. She shows the bond in court.

Pleading: TT states that he ought not owe this debt by virtue of this bond, as he says that he made and sealed this bond and two other bonds, in each of which it was contained that TT and a William Brandon should be bound to IC in £21, and these three bonds were delivered to a certain William Peyntour for safe-keeping, under the condition that if WB, then Marshal of the king's Marshalsea, should not take Nicholas Bokelly into his custody before Christmas 1459 concerning £84 which IC recovered against NB in an assize of novel disseisin arraigned before Nicholas Ayssheton and Walter Moyle, justices of assize in Cornwall, at Launceston on 1 August 1452, then WP should deliver the three bonds to IC. However, if WB should take NB into his custody before that date for the recovery of the said £84, then WP should retain them. TT says that WB took NB into his custody before that date, but WP nevertheless delivered the bonds to IC, against the form of the agreement. He therefore says that the bond concerned is not of his making. Parties on country, sheriff of Somerset to have jury here at octave of Hilary.

Postea text: At octave of Hilary 1461, jury placed in respite to quindene of Easter 1461, before when plea remained without day, as Edward IV replaced Henry VI as king. At Trinity term 1461 IC came by attorney and sought a writ to the sheriff of Somerset to re-summon TT, and to have the jury here. This was granted, returnable at the quindene of Michaelmas.

Postea text: IC came, TT did not come, sheriff said that he had nothing; Sheriff to take him for quindene of Hilary 1462. Regarding the jury, the sheriff returned the writ, but they did not come. Jury in respite to same term.

Postea text: 4 posteas, sheriff did nothing, to quindene of Trinity 1463.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to Easter three weeks 1464. IC came, TT by attorney. Thomas John presented for TT letters patent of protection [recited in full], dated 17 February 1464, stating that TT was in the company of the victualler of the town, castle and march of Calais. Plea to remain without day.

Postea text: IC came by attorney and sought a writ to the sheriff of Somerset to re-summon TT, and to have a jury here. Granted, returnable at the quindene of Michaelmas 1465.

Case notes: See also rot 408d, and CP 40/796, rot 317.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Cheddar < Somerset < England (initial) 02/02/1458
(due) 01/11/1458 < All Saints
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Isabel Chedder (f) Plaintiff
John Wode (m) Other
Nicholas Ayssheton (m) Justice
Nicholas Bokelly (m) Other
Richard Wolston (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Chedder (m) dec. Esquire Other
Thomas Thorndon (m) Citizen Draper London < England Plaintiff
Walter Moyle (m) Justice
William Brandon (m) Other
William Peyntour (m) Other

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 408d

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: Somerset
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Isabel, widow of Thomas Chedder, states that on 2 February 1458 Thomas Thorndon made a bond with her in £21, payable at All Saints 1459, but has not paid, to her damage of £40. She shows the bond in court.

Pleading: TT states that he ought not owe this debt by virtue of this bond, as he says that he made and sealed this bond and two other bonds, in each of which it was contained that TT and a William Brandon should be bound to IC in £21, and these three bonds were delivered to a certain William Peyntour for safe-keeping, under the condition that if WB, then Marshal of the king's Marshalsea, should not take Nicholas Bokelly into his custody before Christmas 1459 concerning £84 which IC recovered against NB in an assize of novel disseisin arraigned before Nicholas Ayssheton and Walter Moyle, justices of assize in Cornwall, at Launceston on 1 August 1452, then WP should deliver the three bonds to IC. However, if WB should take NB into his custody before that date for the recovery of the said £84, then WP should retain them. TT says that WB took NB into his custody before that date, but WP nevertheless delivered the bonds to IC, against the form of the agreement. He therefore says that the bond concerned is not of his making. Parties on country, sheriff of Somerset to have jury here at octave of Hilary. Pledges named for defendant.

Postea text: At octave of Hilary 1461, jury placed in respite to quindene of Easter 1461, before when plea remained without day, as Edward IV replaced Henry VI as king. At Trinity term 1461 IC came by attorney and sought a writ to the sheriff of Somerset to re-summon TT, and to have the jury here. This was granted, returnable at the quindene of Michaelmas.

Postea text: IC came, TT did not come, sheriff said that he had nothing; Sheriff to take him for quindene of Hilary 1462. Regarding the jury, the sheriff returned the writ, but they did not come. Jury in respite to same term.

Postea text: 4 posteas, sheriff did nothing, to quindene of Trinity 1463.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to Easter three weeks 1464. IC came, TT by attorney. Thomas John presented for TT letters patent of protection [recited in full], dated 17 February 1464, stating that TT was in the company of the victualler of the town, castle and march of Calais. Plea to remain without day.

Postea text: IC came by attorney and sought a writ to the sheriff of Somerset to re-summon TT, and to have a jury here. Granted, returnable at the quindene of Michaelmas 1465.

Case notes: See also rot 408, and CP 40/796, rot 317.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Cheddar < Somerset < England (initial) 02/02/1458
(due) 01/11/1458 < All Saints
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Edward Borgh (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
Isabel Chedder (f) Plaintiff
John Collys (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
John Wode (m) Other
Nicholas Ayssheton (m) Justice
Nicholas Bokelly (m) Other
Richard Wolston (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Chedder (m) dec. Esquire Other
Thomas Thorndon (m) Citizen Draper London < England Defendant
Thomas Wortle (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
Walter Moyle (m) Justice
William Brandon (m) Other
William Donewych (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
William Peyntour (m) Other

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 411

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: Surrey
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Detention of goods; Safe keeping

Pleading: Thomas Lacy, John Polsted and Thomas Averey state that on 18 January 1460, in Southwark, they delivered to John Jenny for safe-keeping a certain document in which it was contained that a certain Thomas Cheseman was bound to them in £40. This was to be returned to them on request, but JJ has refused to return it, to their damage of £40.

Pleading: JJ presents the bond in court, stating that it was delivered to him equally by the plaintiffs and TC, to be returned to either the plaintiffs or TC under certain conditions. However, he does not know whether these conditions have been fulfilled on the part of TC, and asks that TC be forewarned. This is granted. Order to the sheriff to warn TC to be here at the octave of Hilary, to show any reason why the bond should not be returned to the plaintiffs.

Postea text: Parties come, sheriff did not send writ. Further order to warn TC to be here at Easter three weeks 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Safe Keeping Southwark < Surrey < England (initial) 18/01/1460
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Jenny (m) Gentleman London < England Defendant
John Polsted (m) Plaintiff
Thomas Averey (m) Plaintiff
Thomas Cheseman (m) Gentleman East Greenwich < Kent < England Debtor
Thomas Lacy (m) Plaintiff
William Fagger (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 412

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 5m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Goldwell states that on 14 February 1457 John Yarman made a bond with him in 40s, payable at the quindene of Easter next, but has not paid, to his damage of 5m. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JY granted licence to imparl to quindene of Hilary.

Postea text: Further licence to imparl, to quindene of Easter 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Pancras Soper Lane < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 14/02/1457
(due) 01/05/1457
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Goldwell (m) Citizen Mercer London < England Plaintiff
John Strete (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Yarman (m) Gentleman London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 415

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: []
Case type: Detention of goods; Safe keeping

Pleading: John Wylkes states that on 14 October 1460 he delivered to Henry Asshburn for safe keeping a certain sealed chest containing various documents. This was to be returned to him on request, but HA has refused to return it, to his damage of [omitted].

Pleading: HA, presenting the chest in court, prepared to deliver it to whoever the court orders, states that the chest was delivered to him on that day by both JW and a certain Thomas Chellescombe, to be returned to one or both of them under certain conditions. However, he does not know whether these conditions have been fulfilled on the part of TC, and asks that TC be forewarned. Order to the sheriff that he warn TC to be here at [omitted] to show any reason why the chest should not be returned to JW.

Events
Type Place Date
Safe Keeping St Martin Ludgate < Farringdon Ward Within < London < England (initial) 14/10/1460
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Asshburn (m) Scrivener London < England Defendant
John Wylkes (m) Plaintiff
Thomas Chellescombe (m) Other

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 416

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Detention of goods; Real action / rents / damage to real estate; Safe keeping

Pleading: John Baron was summoned to answer Robert Wode on a plea that he return a chest and documents which he unjustly detains. RW states that a certain Margaret atte Wode was formerly seised of four messuages, 100 acres of land and 13s 4d rent with appurtenances in Lenwade, and 300 acres of land with appurtenances in Wicklewood, Yaxham, Shipdham, Mattishall, Reymerston, Letton, Bradenham and Attlebridge, and the advowson of the church of Crownthorpe, all in Norfolk, in her demesne as of fee, and thus seised, by a deed which RW shows in court, dated at Lenwade on 3 July 1460, she enfeoffed this property to RW, by which he took possession of the property and the chest with charters. These charters included; one dated 23 September 1434, by which Robert Pole and his wife Margaret granted to Nicholas Bokkyng, John Crosse and John Joye all their lands, rents, etc, with the advowson of Crownthorpe, which were formerly of William Hawe of Wicklewood, father of Margaret P, in the towns of Wicklewood, Crownthorpe, Hardingham, Wymondham, Morley by Hingham, Deopham, Southburgh ('Hingham Burgh'), Thuxton, Yaxham, Westfield, Reymerston, Whinburgh, Letton, Shipdham, Bradenham and Mattishall with appurtenances, to hold to them and their heirs in perpetuity of the chief lords of the fees; another, dated at Wicklewood on 2 October 1434, by which NB, JC and JJ demised all these lands back to RP and MP, for the terms of their lives, to hold of the chief lords of the fees, without making any waste, such that on the deaths of RP and MP all this property should remain to Richard atte Wode and his wife Margaret, and the heirs of their bodies, and if Richard and Margaret should die without heirs of their bodies, then the property should remain to the rightful heirs of Margaret Pool; another charter, dated at Witchingham on 23 September 1434, by which William Paston and Robert Warner demised to RP and MP all their lands, tenements, etc., in Norfolk, and one sheep-walk in Witchingham St Mary (Great Witchingham), Witchingham St Faith (Little Witchingham), Sparham and Weston, which property WP and RW, together with Robert Berneye, Thomas Crosse, John Crosse, Thomas Hawe, Thomas Bacon and Thomas Wegge, all deceased at the time of the charter, formerly had of the gift of John Redham and his wife Margaret, by a charter made by them, which property RP and MP were to hold for the terms of their lives of the chief lords of the fees, without making waste, and after their deaths this property was to remain to Richard atte Wode and his wife Margaret and the heirs of their bodies, and if they should die without such heirs, all the property should remain to the rightful heirs of MP; and fourthly another document, written at Witchingham on 18 February 1414, by which Margaret Redham, former wife of John Redham, in her widowhood, released to Robert Berney, Thomas, parson of the church of Crownthorpe, John Crosse of Deopham, Robert Warner of London, William Paston, Thomas Haghe of London, John Wiryng of London, Thomas Wegge and Thomas Bacon of Witchingham all her rights and claims in Great Witchingham and elsewhere, which they had of the enfeoffment of her and her late husband. On 3 July 1460 RW delivered this chest with these and other charters inside to John Baron in St Bride's parish, London, for safe-keeping, to be returned on request. However, Baron has refused to return it, to his damage of £40.

Pleading: John Baron states that the chest and the charters within were delivered to him jointly by both RW and Margaret atte Wode, while she was a single woman, to be returned under certain conditions. Margaret later married a certain Edward Morys, but JB is unaware whether the conditions for the chest's return have been fulfilled on the part of Margaret, and asks that she and EM be forewarned. Order that the sheriff warn EM and Margaret to be here at the quindene of Martinmas, to show any reason why the chest should not be returned to RW.

Postea text: Parties came at the quindene of Martinmas, EM and Margaret did not come. Sheriff said that he warned them to be here, through Robert Spaldyng and Robert Orchard. Order that RW recover the chest and charters against EM and Margaret, and have delivery against JB, by default of EM and Margaret. JB not amerced, as came on first day.

Events
Type Place Date
Property Transfer Lenwade < Norfolk < England (initial) 03/07/1460
Charter
Property Transfer
Witchingham < Norfolk < England (initial) 23/09/1434
Charter
Property Transfer
Wicklewood < Norfolk < England (initial) 02/10/1434
Charter
Release (from Debt/obligation)
Witchingham < Norfolk < England (initial) 18/02/1414
Charter
Property Transfer
England (initial) 23/09/1434
Safe Keeping St Bride Fleet Street < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 03/07/1460
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Edward Morys (m) Other
John Baron (m) Gentleman London < England Defendant
John Crosse (m) dec. Deopham < Norfolk < England Other
John Crosse (m) Other
John Joye (m) Other
John Redham (m) Other
John Wiryng (m) London < England Other
Margaret atte Wode (f) Other
Margaret atte Wode (f) Other
Margaret Pool alias Margaret Pole (f) Other
Margaret Redham (f) Other
Nicholas Bokkyng (m) Other
Richard atte Wode (m) Other
Robert Berneye (m) dec. Knight Other
Robert Orchard (m) Official
Robert Pool alias Robert Pole (m) Other
Robert Spaldyng (m) Official
Robert Warner (m) London < England Other
Robert Wode (m) Plaintiff
Thomas [un-named] (m) Parson Crownthorpe [church] Crownthorpe < Norfolk < England Other
Thomas Bacon (m) dec. Witchingham < Norfolk < England Other
Thomas Crosse (m) dec. Other
Thomas Haghe (m) London < England Other
Thomas Hawe (m) dec. Other
Thomas Wegge (m) dec. Other
William Hawe (m) dec. Wicklewood < Norfolk < England Other
William Paston (m) Other

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 419

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Assault

Pleading: Thomas Leymer and his wife Elizabeth state that on 15 September 1460 Thomas Bate and his wife Joan forcibly assaulted Elizabeth in London, against the peace and to their damage of £20.

Pleading: TB and JB granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary. Pledges named.

Events
Type Place Date
Assault St Andrew by the Wardrobe < Castle Baynard Ward < London < England (initial) 15/09/1460
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Elizabeth Leymer (f) Plaintiff
Joan Bate (f) London < England Defendant
John Ive (m) Carrier London < England Surety for defendant
John Joce (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
John Knot (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Richard Langeston (m) Brewer London < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Bate (m) Hosteler London < England Defendant
Thomas Leymer (m) Gentleman Plaintiff
Thomas Meryst (m) Yeoman Worplesdon < Surrey < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 419d

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Robert Snell states that on 10 October 1460 Joan Martyn made a bond with him in £40, but has not paid, to his damage of £20. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JM granted licence to imparl to quindene of Hilary.

Postea text: Further licence to imparl to quindene of Easter 1461.

Case notes: Pleading refers to a debt in £40 at first, but says £20 later.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Mildred Poultry < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 10/10/1460
(due) 20/10/1460
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Joan Martyn (f) Widow Golden Lane < Middlesex < England alias (lately of) St Giles without Cripplegate < London < England Defendant
Robert Snell (m) Citizen Brazier London < England Plaintiff
Thomas Brykhed (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Flegge (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 421d

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: 4m
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: John Stapleton states that on 9 December 1452 John Sachefeld bought from him 4lb of pepper, 4lb of ginger, 1lb of cloves, 1lb of grains of paradise ('granorum'), 2lb of sanders, 4lb of currants, 3lb of quince marmalade ('chardequynces'), 2lb of green ginger, and 5lb of almonds, all for 40s, payable on request. However, he has not paid, to his damage of 4m.

Pleading: Sachefeld granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 09/12/1452
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Hoppyng (m) Attorney of defendant
John Sachefeld (m) Gentleman (lately of) Exeter < Devon < England Defendant
John Stapleton (m) Citizen Grocer London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 424

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 20m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Thomas Gille states that on 8 January 1449 John Wychehals made a bond with him in £24 23d, payable on Ash Wednesday next, but has not paid, to his damage of 20m. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JW states that TG ought not maintain his action, as on 14 September 1451, at Sutton Dartmouth, by a document which he presents in court, TG acknowledged receipt of £23 14s 10d of this sum of £24 23d, in part payment of this debt, and released him from this debt. Concerning the other 7s 1d, JW states that he has always been prepared to pay this sum to TG, and offers it here in court. TG receives this 7s 1d, and JW is quit.

Pleading: TG states that his action should continue, as this release is not of his making. Enquiry by country, sheriff of Devon to have jury here at quindene of Hilary. Release to remain in safe-keeping of Henry Fylongley.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 08/01/1449
(due) 26/02/1449 < Ash Wednesday
Release (from Debt/obligation) Sutton Dartmouth < Devon < England (initial) 14/09/1451
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Henry Fylongley (m) King's Clerk Common Pleas [court] Official
John Wychehals (m) Merchant Sutton Dartmouth < Devon < England Defendant
Richard Levermore (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Gille snr (m) Esquire Plaintiff
William Leycroft (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 424d

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Debt (loan)
Damages claimed: 40s
Damages awarded: 6s 8d
Case type: Loan

Pleading: William Leycroft states that on 1 February 1460, at Westminster, Richard Dekyn borrowed 40s from him, payable on request, but has not re-paid this, to his damage of 40s.

Pleading: RD admits the action, and that he owes WL the 40s as claimed. Order that WL recover the 40s debt, and damages of 6s 8d. RD amerced, and is committed to the Fleet prison.

Events
Type Place Date
Loan Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 01/02/1460
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Richard Dekyn (m) Yeoman (lately of) London < England Defendant
William Leycroft (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 426

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: Northamptonshire
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Thomas Hertwell states that on 7 November 1457, at Northampton, John Manee made a bond with him in £20, payable at Christmas then next, but he has not paid, to his damage of £10. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JM seeks to hear the bond and the endorsement in court, and these are read. The endorsement states that the condition of this bond is such that if neither John Draper nor any other person should take or carry off any goods or utensils from his brewhouse called 'The Basket', in which JD lived, by 24 June 1458, except those he should take, then the bond shall have no effect; otherwise it shall remain in force. Having heard and understood this, JM states that the case ought not to continue, as the tenement called 'The Basket' is in the parish of St Dunstan in the East, in London, and that neither JD nor any other took any goods out of the tenement except those listed, which belonged to JD, namely one mash vat, two water vats, 24 wooden vessels called kimnels, 28 vessls called kilderkins, 6 firkins, 2 'rothers', one measure called a quart, one bushel measure, a strainer called a cleansing sieve ('clensyngsyve'), a pair of tongs, one wort rake, one tap-hose, two wort tins ('worttynes'), two water tins ('waturtynes'), two pairs of 'rothers', two 'tynetres', two pairs of slings ('slynges'), two long 'geyres', one long table and two small tables, two pairs of trestles, two other joists ('gystes'), one other colander, 5 decorated cloths ('pannos pictos'), 8 covers, 12 pairs of linen sheets, 6 pairs of blankets, 6 cushions ('pulvinaria'), 11 pillows ('servicalia'), 6 covers, three goblets called mazers, 6 silver spoons, three stools, two benches, 6 tablecloths, 8 towels, 3 benches called 'bankers', 12 pieces of latten vessels, 6 brass ('eneas') vessels, three brass plates, two iron tripods, one andiron, four iron spits, four feather beds, two cloaks, 7 bowls ('pelves'), 12 candlesticks, 2 heaters ('calefactoria'), 6 tables, 3 chairs, one wooden cupboard ('armariolum') with a certain horse-mill and two millstones, 20 pieces of timber called joists, 12 oak planks, 2 locks ('ceras'), and one long piece of timber for placing under the beer called an 'ale joist'.

Pleading: TH states that the wooden horse mill, which JM acknowledges JD took out of the property, comprised a piece called the 'hope', a post called the millpost, a wheel called the 'great wheel', another wheel called the 'prille' wheel, a piece called the 'walower' and the mill hopper, and was his property and not that of JD, as JM has claimed.

Pleading: JM states that the timber and millstones aforesaid were the goods of JD, as he claimed. Parties on country, sheriff of London to have jury here at octave of Hilary.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Northampton < Northamptonshire < England (initial) 07/11/1457
(due) 25/12/1457 < Christmas
Location of Property St Dunstan in the East < Tower Ward < London < England
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Chevercourt (m) Attorney of defendant
John Draper (m) Other
John Manee (m) Citizen Bowyer London < England Defendant
John Wilcokkes (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Hertwell (m) Esquire Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 429d

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: 80m
Case type: Detention of goods; Safe keeping

Pleading: John Plommer states that he was formerly seised of the manor of Leaden Roding with appurtenances in Essex in his demesne as of fee, and had possession of a chest containing one charter by which a certain John Doreward senior granted this manor to William Doreward and Richard Doreward, and other charters and muniments relating to that manor. On 30 April 1459 JP delivered this sealed chest containing these documents to Roger Marchall in London for safe-keeping, to be returned on request, but RM has not returned them, to his damage of 80m.

Pleading: RM granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary. Pledges named.

Case notes: Re-enrolled on CP 40/800, rot 132, before further plea on this case brought by John Doreward.

Events
Type Place Date
Location of Property Leaden Roding < Essex < England
Safe Keeping St John Zachary < Aldersgate Ward < London < England (initial) 30/04/1459
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Arthur Ormesby (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
Henry Ardern (m) Sergeant London < England Surety for defendant
John Clerk jnr (m) Grocer London < England Surety for defendant
John Doreward snr (m) Other
John Plommer (m) Citizen Grocer London < England Plaintiff
Nicholas Marchall (m) Ironmonger London < England Surety for defendant
Richard Doreward (m) Other
Roger Marchall (m) Physician London < England Defendant
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Doreward (m) Other

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 430

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: Warwickshire
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: 100m
Case type: Safe keeping; Sale of goods; Taking of goods

Pleading: William Repyngton states that on 10 May 1452 Henry Alanson forcibly took and carried off goods of his worth £40, namely a silver covered bowl called 'a grete boll', with roses sculpted into it, a goblet called a 'gripe's egg', decorated with silver and gilt, one 'paxbred' of silver and gilt, one silver bowl called a 'flat piece', two silver phials, one large silver standing bowl with cover, with a falcon on the lid, a round silver salt cellar with cover, and one silver and gilt wine 'layer' decorated with crowns. This was against the peace, and to his damage of 100m.

Pleading: HA denies force and arms; parties on country. Concerning, the rest, HA states that WR ought not maintain his action, since, protesting that the goods were not worth as much as the writ supposes, he says that in the city of London there is accustomed to be a market between sunrise and sunset in all shops open to the king's highway, and that before the date of this alleged trespass, a certain John Thurston was in possession of these goods and chattels, and on 10 May 1451, during the daytime, he sold these goods to Richard Alanson in RA's shop for 100m, which RA paid immediately. Later, RA delivered these goods to WR for safe-keeping, and WR then took them to Little Amington in Warwickshire. At the time of the alleged trespass, HA, as servant of RA and on his instructions, took the goods and carried them off as seemed right.

Pleading: WR, protesting that JT did not sell the goods to RA as claimed, but rather that the goods were delivered to RA as a pledge for 100m, states that after 10 May 1451, it was agreed between RA and JT at Polsworth in Warwickshire that JT should have the goods and chattels from RA, and should pay RA 100m for them; by virtue of this JT had possession of the goods, and paid RA the 100m. JT later gave the goods to WR at Little Amington, and WR was in possession until HA took them from him at the time of this alleged trespass.

Pleading: HA states that it was not agreed between RA and JT that JT should have the goods from RA as WR claimed. Parties on country, sheriff to have jury of Polsworth here at quindene of Hilary.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, to Easter 3 weeks.

Postea text: Before this date, plea remained without day, as Edward IV removed Henry VI from the throne. On 17 June 1461 WR sought a writ to the sheriff of Warwickshire, to reattach HA, and to have him and the jury here; granted, returnable at the quindene of Michaelmas.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, to quindene of Hilary 1462.

Events
Type Place Date
Taking of Goods Little Amington < Warwickshire < England (initial) 10/05/1452
Sale of Goods St Lawrence Pountney < Candlewick Street Ward < London < England (initial) 10/05/1451
Safe Keeping St Lawrence Pountney < Candlewick Street Ward < London < England
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Alanson (m) Citizen Grocer London < England Defendant
John Fulbroke (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Salter (m) Attorney of defendant
John Thurston (m) Clerk Other
Richard Alanson (m) Other
William Repyngton (m) Esquire Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 448

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Debt (loan)
Damages claimed: 6m
Case type: Loan

Pleading: John Joce states that on 30 June 1460 Nicholas Kere borrowed 40s from him, payable on request, but has not re-paid this, to his damage of 6m.

Pleading: NK granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary.

Events
Type Place Date
Loan Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 30/06/1460
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Joce (m) Plaintiff
Nicholas Kere (m) Brewer London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 456

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 20m
Case type: Arbitration; Bond

Pleading: John Bowseer, constable of Clare, and William Wulfleet, dean of the college of Stoke by Clare, state that on 26 March 1457, in London, Thomas Wylys, former parson of Great Waldingfield, made a bond with them in £40, payable at Easter then next, but has not paid, to their damage of 20m. They show the bond in court.

Pleading: TW seeks to hear the bond and endorsement in court, and these are read. The endorsement states that the condition of the bond is such that if TW should stand in arbitration before JB and WW, arbiters, concerning all outstanding disputes between TW and all the tenants of Richard, duke of York, in Great Waldingfield, and hold to the terms of their arbitration, then the bond shall be cancelled; otherwise it should remain in force, provided always that judgment be rendered by 24 June 1457. TW states that action should cease, as JB and WW never made any arbitration or judgment between TW and the tenants of the duke on any matters before the said 24 June 1457, according to the form of the endorsement.

Pleading: JB and WW state that on 4 May 1457, at Great Waldingfield, they accepted the burden of this arbitration, and ordained that TW should pay 10m to the tenants concerned [listed], each of whom held 1 acre of land with appurtenances of the duke in Great Waldingfield by fealty and suit of court, for all the trespasses and offences committed by him against the tenants before that time, payable at the said 34 June 1457. They say that TW did not pay the tenants these 10m or any money as ordained by the arbitration,

Pleading: TW, not acknowledging anything said by JB and WW, states that none of the men named by the plaintiffs were tenants of the duke of York in Great Waldingfield at the time of the making of the bond, as the plaintiffs allege.

Pleading: JB and WW state that these men were tenants of the duke in Great Waldingfield at the time of the making of the bond, as they have claimed. Enquiry by country, sheriff of Suffolk to have jury here at octave of Hilary.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Andrew by the Wardrobe < Castle Baynard Ward < London < England (initial) 26/03/1457
(due) 17/04/1457 < Easter
Arbitration Great Waldingfield < Suffolk < England (initial) 04/05/1457
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Bowseer (m) Esquire Constable Clare Honour [honour] Plaintiff
John Glasewryght (m) Great Waldingfield < Suffolk < England Other
John Rutlond (m) Great Waldingfield < Suffolk < England Other
John Sydey (m) Great Waldingfield < Suffolk < England Other
John Webbe (m) Great Waldingfield < Suffolk < England Other
Peter Staynford (m) Attorney of defendant
Reginald Rokes (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Richard Plantagenet (m) Duke York [dukedom] Other
Robert Ponder (m) Great Waldingfield < Suffolk < England Other
Robert Thurston (m) Great Waldingfield < Suffolk < England Other
Thomas Ive (m) Great Waldingfield < Suffolk < England Other
Thomas Wylys (m) Clerk Parson Great Waldingfield [church] (lately of) Great Waldingfield < Suffolk < England Defendant
William Wulfleet (m) Dean Stoke By Clare [collegiate church] Stoke by Clare < Suffolk < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 480

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Jurdan states that on 17 February 1459 Thomas Banys, prior of Folkestone, made a bond with him in London in £21, but has not paid, to his damage of £40. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: TB, in person, granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Dunstan in the East < Tower Ward < London < England (initial) 17/02/1459
(due) 02/02/1460 < Blessed Virgin Mary, Purification of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Jurdan (m) Citizen Merchant London < England Plaintiff
Thomas Banys (m) Prior Folkestone Priory [priory] Folkestone < Kent < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 491d

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: Shropshire
Writ type: Account
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Contract (service/employment); Reckoning of account

Pleading: John Horde and his wife Ellen state that Matthew Philip was formerly receiver of money for Ellen, when she was a single woman, from 10 May 1457 until 9 October 1457, and during that time received £20 to the trade and profit of Ellen from the hand of William Alryger at Shrewsbury, for which he was to render reasonable account on request. However, he has not done so, either before Ellen's marriage to JH or afterwards, to their damage of £20.

Pleading: MP granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary.

Postea text: Further licence to imparl, to quindene of Easter 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Service/employment Contract Shrewsbury < Shropshire < England (initial) 10/05/1457
(due) 09/10/1457
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Ellen Horde (f) Plaintiff
John Horde (m) Plaintiff
Matthew Philip (m) Goldsmith London < England Defendant
Robert Vaus (m) Attorney of defendant
Walter Parys (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 495

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: John Hobold states that on [omitted] 38 Henry VI, Henry Chychele bought from him bread and bran for £9, payable on request, but has not paid, to his damage of 100s.

Pleading: HC, by attorney, granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary. HC appoints William Flegge as his attorney against JH.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods St Clement Eastcheap < Candlewick Street Ward < London < England
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Chychele (m) Esquire (lately of) London < England Defendant
John Hobold (m) Plaintiff
John Quyk (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Flegge (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 501

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: 600m
Case type: Housebreaking; Taking of goods

Pleading: William Burghchier, Arthur [lost] and Walter Writtill state that on 20 July 1460 Thomas Mayer junior, together with Thomas Mayer senior, forcibly broke their close and house in London and took and carried off a golden goblet worth [amount lost], against the peace and to their damage of 600m.

Pleading: TM junior granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary. Pledges named.

Pleading: [Followed by mesne process against Thomas Mayer senior, who did not come. Sheriff to distrain, did so by goods worth 40d, and mainprize of John Goode, Richard Jun, Edmund Tom and Thomas Renta. Amerced, sheriff to distrain for same term.

Case notes: Entry damaged and incomplete.

Events
Type Place Date
House-breaking
Taking of Goods
St Andrew Undershaft < Aldgate Ward < London < England (initial) 20/07/1460
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
[missing] Allard (m) Glazier London < England Surety for defendant
Arthur [missing] (m) Esquire Plaintiff
Edmund Tom (m) Surety other
Elias Stokkes (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
Henry Roger (m) Greytawyer London < England Surety for defendant
John Goode (m) Surety other
John Quyk (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Richard Jun (m) Surety other
Thomas Mayre snr (m) Brewer London < England Accessory
Thomas Mayre jnr (m) Yeoman London < England Defendant
Thomas Renta (m) Surety other
Walter Oxton (m) Brewer London < England Surety for defendant
Walter Writtill (m) Esquire Plaintiff
William Burghchier (m) Knight Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 501d

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Everard Frere states that on 10 September 1452 Richard Kneseworth made a bond with him in £11 9s, payable at All Saints then next, but has not paid, to his damage of £10. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: RK granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary.

Pleading: [continued at Hilary 1461, rot 244] RK states that he ought not owe this debt, as on the making of this bond, by an indenture made between them of which he shows the part sealed by EF in court, dated the same day, EF granted that if RK should pay him the aforesaid £11 9s as follows, namely £6 13s 4d at All Saints 1452, 40s on 18 February 1453, 40s at Easter 1453, and 15s 8d on 24 June 1453, then the bond shall be cancelled. RK states that he paid EF these sums on these days as agreed, at Royston in Cambridgeshire.

Pleading: EF states that RK did not pay to him the £6 13s 4d due at All Saints 1452 as specified in the indenture.

Pleading: RK states that he did pay this £6 13s 4d at All Saints 1452, as specified in the indenture. Parties on country, sheriff of Cambridgeshire to have jury of Royston here at quindene of Easter.

Pleading: [continued at Michaelmas 1465, rot 149] RK repeats the terms of the indenture giving the dates on which payments were due. He states that the bond mentioned in the plaintiff's plea and that mentioned in this indenture are one and the same, and states that he paid EF the £6 13s 4d due at All Saints 1452 on that day at Royston, and on 18 February he paid 33s 4d of the 40s due, and also delivered to EF one silver covered bowl and a silver salt cellar worth 5m in full satisfaction of the remainder of the debt, which EF accepted.

Pleading: EF, protesting that RK did not pay him any of this money or deliver to him the items claimed, states that RK did not pay him this 33s 4d on 18 February 1453 as he has claimed. Enquiry by country, sheriff of Cambridgeshire to have jury here at octave of Martinmas.

Postea text: [on CP 40/800, rot 244] Before this day, plea remained without day, as Edward IV removed Henry VI from power. On 28 November 1461 EF sought writ to the sheriff of London to re-summon RK, and a writ to the sheriff of Cambridgeshire to have the jury of Royston here; these were granted, returnable at the quindene of Easter 1462.

Postea text: 7 posteas, sheriff did not send writ, to quindene of Trinity 1464. Case then adjourned by writ of adjournment of the king to quindene of Michaelmas 1464. 2 more posteas, sheriff did not send writ, to quindene of Easter 1465.

Postea text: [on CP 40/817, rot 149] Sheriff did not send writ, sicut prius to octave of Hilary 1466.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/800, rot 244, and on CP 40/817, rot 149.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Michael Wood Street < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 10/09/1452
(due) 01/11/1452 < All Saints
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Everard Frere (m) Citizen Armourer London < England Plaintiff
Peter Staynford (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Richard Kneseworth (m) Gentleman (lately of) Kneesworth < Cambridgeshire < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 502d

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond; Sale of goods

Pleading: Nicholas Hyndeley states that on 26 May 1460 Richard Lawton made a bond with him in 76s 8d, but has not paid, to his damage of £10. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: RL granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary. Pledges named.

Pleading: [continued at Hilary 1461, rot 215] RL states that he ought not owe this debt, as at the time of the bond he was a lay man of little learning, and that it was agreed between him and NH that he would seal a bond in 76s 8d, containing the condition that if NH should bring to the house of Richard Wrenne in London, in the parish of St Botolph in Aldgate ward, 20 quarters of malt, each quarter being worth 4s 4d, and should deliver them there by Michaelmas after the making of the bond, with no payment being made by RW for one year thereafter, and also if NH should find and deliver to RW each week thereafter 5 quarters of malt, paying the standard market rate in the city of London, then the bond shall be cancelled; otherwise it was to remain in force. RL states that the bond shown in court was read to him as containing this condition, and he, believing this, sealed it and delivered it to NH. Therefore, he states that this simple bond, not containing this condition, is not of his making. Parties on country, jury here at Easter one month.

Postea text: Plea remained without day, as Edward IV removed Henry VI from power. In Trinity term 1461 NH came and sought writ to the sheriff of London to re-summon RL, and have jury here. This was granted, returnable at the octave of Michaelmas 1461.

Postea text: NH came, RL did not come, sheriff sends that he has nothing, and is not found. He also returned the jury panel, of which nothing. Order to sheriff to take RL, have him here at morrow of All Souls. Jury in respite to same. On that day, NH came, RL did not come, sheriff sent that he was not found, and concerning the jury, he sends that the writ arrived too late. Jury in respite to morrow of the Purification 1462, nisi prius they come before Robert Danby, CJCP, at St Martin le Grand on [date omitted].

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/800, rot 215.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 26/05/1460
(due) 29/09/1460 < Michaelmas
Sale of Goods St Botolph without Aldgate < Aldgate Ward < London < England (initial) 29/09/1460
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Coldham (m) Pewterer London < England Surety for defendant
John Lawys (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
Nicholas Hyndeley (m) Gentleman Plaintiff
Richard Lawton (m) Citizen Pewterer (lately of) London < England Defendant
Richard Wrenne (m) London < St Botolph without Aldgate < Aldgate Ward < England Other
Robert Danby (m) Chief Justice Common Pleas [court] Justice
Robert Sutton (m) Tailor London < England Surety for defendant
William Latymer (m) Tailor London < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 506

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Richard Grene and Thomas Graunger state that on 20 August 1460 John Cossale made a bond with them in £6, but has not paid, to their damage of 100s. They show the bond in court.

Pleading: JC granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Giles without Cripplegate < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 20/08/1460
(due) 25/08/1460
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Cossale (m) Citizen Butcher London < England Defendant
John Quyk (m) Attorney of defendant
Richard Grene (m) Gentleman Plaintiff
Thomas Graunger (m) Citizen Tallow-chandler London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 506d

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: Gloucestershire
Writ type: Debt (loan)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Loan

Pleading: The abbot of Winchcombe states that on 6 August 1455, at Winchcombe, John Hosyer borrowed 60s from him, payable on request, but has not re-paid this, to his damage of 100s.

Pleading: JH granted licence to imparl to quindene of Hilary. Pledges named for defendant.

Case notes: County heading illegible, but presumably Gloucestershire.

Events
Type Place Date
Loan Winchcombe < Gloucestershire < England (initial) 06/08/1455
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Dodyng (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Emyn (m) Armourer London < England Surety for defendant
John Hosyer (m) Citizen Cutler London < England Defendant
Ralph Wodcok (m) Cutler London < England Surety for defendant
Richard Howe (m) Cutler London < England Surety for defendant
William Rombold (m) Lattener London < England Surety for defendant
William Winchcombe (m) Abbot Winchcombe [abbey] Winchcombe < Gloucestershire < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 506d

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 6m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Hugh Wethir states that on 10 October 1459 John Tannys made a bond with him in 40s, but has not paid, to his damage of 6m. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JT granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary. Pledges named for defendant.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond All Hallows Bread Street < Bread Street Ward < London < England (initial) 10/10/1459
(due) 24/06/1460 < St John the Baptist, Nativity of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
David Kyrye (m) Butcher London < England Surety for defendant
Hugh Wethir (m) Plaintiff
John Ottour (m) Butcher London < England Surety for defendant
John Tannys (m) Butcher (lately of) London < England Defendant
Richard Hill (m) Butcher London < England Surety for defendant
Richard Tannys (m) Butcher London < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/799, rot. 510d

Term: Michaelmas 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Bond

Pleading: William Cantelowe states that on 21 August 1438 Henry Chichele made two bonds with him, each in £14 20d, payable on 24 February 1439 and 24 August 1439 respectively. However, HC has not paid either bond, to his damage of £40. He shows the bonds in court.

Pleading: HC granted licence to imparl to octave of Hilary. HC appoints William Flegge as attorney against WC. [Followed by entry on following rotulet regarding the outlawry of HC with regard to another case brought by WC, heard in the hustings of common pleas in London.]

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Mary Magdalen, Milk Street < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 21/08/1438
(due) 24/02/1439
Bond St Mary Magdalen, Milk Street < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 21/08/1438
(due) 24/08/1439
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Chichele (m) Gentleman (lately of) London < England Defendant
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Cantelowe (m) Citizen Mercer London < England Plaintiff
William Flegge (m) Attorney of defendant