NORROY KING OF ARMS
Norroy is now and has long been the second of the provincial kings. His
province stretches from the river Trent to the Scottish border.
At first the kings of arms of this province used various titles with the
addition 'of the north' or 'of the Norreis' (northmen), but in 1464 Thomas
Holme was named Norroy and that name has been used ever since.
Since 1943 the office of Ulster king of arms has been joined to that of
Official arms in use by c. 1500: Argent, a cross gules & on a chief per pale
azure & gules a lion passant guardant crowned with an open crown between
a fleur de lis and a key, all or.
The chief was sometimes all azure, and, if Edmondson and some later
writers are to be trusted, sometimes all gules.
1. PETER (? DE HORBURY)
Norroy, c. 1276.
18 March 1276, 'Petrus Rex hyraudorum citra aquam de Trente ex parte
boriali' acknowledged the receipt of 20 mks from Sir John de Horbury
(Harl. Ch. 54, g. 44). This is the earliest known reference to a king of arms
by a territorial style.
Possible that Peter himself was a Horbury.
Arms: ... 3 crowns...with a small roundel...in the fess point.
(Spelman, Gloss., s.v. Heraldus; H. & H., pp. 39–40.)
2. WILLIAM DE MORLEE
? Norroy, c. 1323.
As 'Roy de North Ministrallus Regis' was granted a house 16 Ric. II.
Was he herald or minstrel? Probably the latter.
? Windsor, temp. Ed. III.
Norroy, c. 19 May 1338.
According to Thynne 'Andrew Windsor Norroy King of the heralds'
occurs early in Edward III's reign ('On the Duty and Office of an Herald
of Arms', Hearne, Curious Discourses, 1, 159); nothing to show whether
Windsor was family name or whether, as Anstis plausibly suggests, he was
Windsor herald and promoted thence to Norroy (Coll. of Arms MS. O.A.
II, 615); in either case may be identified with 'Andreu Noreis Roy d'Armes
de North' and 'Andreas Norrois (or de Noreys) Rex heraldorum' who
appears May-July 1338 (Issue Rolls and Wardrobe Account, 12 Ed. III) and
with 'Andreas Roy Norreys' of Issue Roll, Michaelmas, 22 Ed. III, 1348
(Coll. of Arms MS. O.A. I, 75; II, 212–13, 615; H. & H., p. 35).
Also probable he is Windsor herald, then said to be principal king of arms
in England, who attended Bishop of Lincoln to France and defied King
Philip in 1339 (Joshua Barnes, History of Edward III (1688), pp. 134–5).
4. JOHN LAKE or OTHELAKE alias MARCH
March, c. November 1377.
Norroy, c. January 1386.
Doyen, c. 1394.
? Ireland, 1395.
Herald of Edmund Mortimer, Earl of March, who granted him 10 mks
a year 1 November 1377; 1381 entered royal service, but still called March;
king of heralds by Michaelmas 1384; soon afterwards in charge of northern
province; 11 January 1386 styled 'John March, Noreys King of arms';
Froissart calls him in 1394 'roy d'armes d'Angleterre', that is, doyen of the
heralds in England, but in 1395 'roy d'Irland tant que en armes'; no other
evidence that he was Ireland and he is still called March in Issue Roll,
Michaelmas, 19 Ric. II, 1395, that being his last appearance in public records.
Throughout career used name March originally given him by Mortimer.
Owned property in Calais.
5. ? ROGIER DURROIT (temp. Ric. II). See Lancaster (4).
6. RICHARD BRUGES or DEL BRUGGE
Lancaster, herald, c. 1380.
Lancaster, king, c. 1392.
Lancaster, king of the north, 1399.
Lancaster herald to John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, by 1389 if not
c. 1380; king of arms by 1392 but still called Lancaster and still in duke's
service; retained name Lancaster under Henry IV, on whose accession was
made king of arms of the northern province; doyen of the English heralds
from (probably) 1399 until institution of office of Garter in 1415; made will
4 July 1415, but may have lived some years longer for it was not entered in
Bishop of London's Register until April 1419, and there is no mention of
any king of arms of the northern march from 1415 until January 1420 when
William Boys, Exeter, was marshal 'des Norreys'.
Often employed abroad both before and after 1399.
Of St Bartholomew, West Smithfield. Owned land at Shillington, Bedfordshire, and Offley, Hertfordshire, but not known whence family came;
his wife a Lincolnshire girl and that may be Bruges' county.
(Armytage-Smith, John of Gaunt; Wylie, Henry IV; 'Henry IV's Heralds',
in N. & Q., cxciii (1948), 465.)
Arms: Nine pieces of ermine & ermines. Crest: A woman's head in a
hood or cowl which forms the mantling. Badge: A circular towel or torse
of twisted cloth with knotted ends. (Seal among East Sutton Park muniments in Kent County Record Office.)
7. JOHN ASHWELL
Cadran (pursuivant to the Earl of Dorset), temp. Hen. V.
Bluemantle, 6 Hen. V.
Leopard, temp. Hen. V.
Lancaster, c. 26 July 1426.
Is almost certainly the Lancaster king mentioned in public records 1425–34,
having been in royal service from the time of Henry IV; may indeed have
succeeded Richard Bruges c. 1419, in which case he can hardly be the same
as John Ashwell who was Clarence in 1420. Probably remained Lancaster
until shortly before Boys' creation 1436.
His s. John d. 1441; brass at Snodland, Kent (Mon. Brass Soc. Trans., viii
(1947), 182). Another s., Robert, living 1442 (Close Roll, 20 Hen. VI,
No corroboration of Lant's statements that he was Cadran, Bluemantle
and Leopard, or that he bore these arms, which are those of Walter Bellengier.
Arms: Argent, a saltire engrailed sable between 4 roses gules.
8. WILLIAM BOYS
Dorset, c. May 1413.
Exeter, c. 1417.
Anjou, c. January 1427.
Lancaster, cr. 1 November 1436.
Dorset herald to Thomas Beaufort, Earl of Dorset, and Exeter on Beaufort's promotion to Duke of Exeter in 1416; attended chapter at Rouen
5 January 1420 as Exeter and Marshal to Norroy. Served John, Duke of
Bedford and Anjou as Anjou king after Beaufort's death in December 1426.
In France most of this time. Later entered royal service; 1436 cr. Lancaster,
king of northern province; in Aquitaine 1439–40; still Lancaster 1446.
Lant's statement that he was Antelope temp. Hen. V and Rouge Croix
5 Hen. V (sic) is impossible.
Owned property in Burnham and Dorney, Buckinghamshire; wife Maud;
sons William, Blanchlyverer, and Thomas, Antelope (Fine co. Buck.,
6 Hen. V, 1418–19).
Arms: Argent, on a chevron sable 5 roundels argent (alias or).
9. WILLIAM TYNDALE or TENDALE
Collar, cr. 1 November 1436.
Chester, c. October 1443.
King of arms, c. May 1447.
Lancaster, c. August 1450.
Career summarized by pat. 8 August 1450, confirming annuity of £10
granted in lieu of 12 mks 'primo concessis Willimo Coler pursevant et postea
eidem Willimo per nomen Willimi Tendale alias dicti Willimi Chestre Herrold
et nunc confirmatis eidem per nomen Willimi Tendall alias Lancastre Regis
Armorum'; cr. Collar at Merton 1 November 1436 (Cotton MS. Cleop. F.
iv. 108); sent repeatedly with despatches to France, Burgundy and Brittany;
Chester c. 1443; still often employed on French affairs; king of arms c. Easter
Term 1447, when Issue Roll names John (? Tyndale) Chester; Chester, king
of arms, in pat. 6 May 1448, but in pat. 8 August 1450, called Lancaster, title
then regularly used by kings of the northern province; 1450 sent to Ireland;
1451 during Jack Cade's rising rode post-haste up and down the country
foundering two horses and having to hire a third; then sold the King his
tabard, worth £20; 1456 attended Duke of York on Scottish expedition;
still living 7 December 1460, when he and other heralds were granted arrears
of largesse; probably d. soon after.
1 September 1455, though king of northern province, granted arms to
Ironmongers' Co. of London (pat. penes company).
Arms uncertain. Lant's Roll, placing him as Lancaster temp. Hen. IV but
otherwise ignoring him, gives: Argent, a fess gules between 3 garbs sable,
cf. Wm. Tyndale Lancaster (12) but ? Seal on Ironmongers' Co. bear a
spread eagle (not on a shield), and flourish enclosing signature 'Lancastre'
ends in a slipped trefoil interlaced with a triangle point downwards.
9 a. WILLIAM GRIMSBY
King of arms, c. 1462.
William Grimsby, king of arms, attended Queen Margaret in France in
1462 (Scofield, Life of Edward IV, 1, 252). Was he Lancaster? or Ireland?
Uncertain who had those places in 1462.
10. THOMAS HOLME (1464). See Clarenceux (7).
11. JOHN WRYTHE (1477). See Garter (3).
12. JOHN MORE
Antelope, temp. Hen. VI.
Rouge Croix, c. 1460(?).
Windsor, c. October 1468 (?).
Norroy, pat. 9 July 1478.
? Normandy, 1485–7.
Perhaps s. of Thomas More, Guyenne; said to have been Antelope temp.
Hen. VI; probably the Rouge Croix sent April 1462 to arrest a pirate in the
Thames estuary, for 'John More alias Windsor herald' was given like mission
22 June 1470; probably succ. Holme in both posts c. 1460 and 1468 respectively; 1465 mission to Burgundy; 1471–5 missions to France, Scotland and
Spain; 1475 marshal of arms (? to Holme, Norroy); 1478 Norroy; attended
funeral of Edward IV, coronations of Richard III and Henry VII and
creation of Jasper Tudor, Duke of Bedford, and other peers 28 October 1485;
the reference (p. 287) to the presence of Normandy king of arms with
Garter at Henry VII's coronation, 30 October 1485, suggests that More
may have held this office, while displaced by Machado, and as such may
have supplied the place of the displaced Clarenceux Holme; 1486 pat.
and annuity as Norroy renewed; d. 22 April 1491; burd in Greyfriars
(Christ Church), Newgate St, where 'Margarete Norrey', who d. vigil of
St Francis, 1487, also burd. In will dat. 10 April 1491, calls himself Norroy
and names his wife Eleanor, so 'Margarete Norrey' probably his dau. In
pat. attesting arms of Leathersellers' Co. 20 May 1479 says wife was of that
company. S. was Blanch Sanglier.
Arms on his seal: ..., 3 bars & in chief 3 crowns....Legend 'sigill' officii
armoru' regis' suggests this was used as official coat of Norroy, and Lant
gives him same arms as Thomas More, Guyenne.
13. ROGER MACHADO (1493). See Clarenceux (8).
14. CHRISTOPHER CARLILL (1494). See Clarenceux (9).
15. THOMAS BENOLT (1510). See Clarenceux (10).
16. JOHN YONGE or YOUNG
Falcon, pursuivant, 1 March 1486.
Somerset, appd 1493, pat. 18 January 1494.
Norroy, pat. 24 January 1511, salary from Michaelmas 1510.
S. of Thomas Yonge; distant cousin and, according to some, heir of
Sir Thomas Greville alias Cooksey, by common descent from Urian de
St Piere, of Cheshire; also related to Edmund Dudley (attainted 1510).
Said to have been Guisnes, Bluemantle and Windsor; Windsor certainly
wrong and no corroboration of pursuivantships; title as pursuivant not given
in pat. of Somerset, but probably Falcon, for on same day as Yonge's pat.
of Somerset an unnamed Rouge Dragon was granted the annuity of £10
which 'Fawcon late one of the King's pursuivants & now one of the King's
heralds' had (pat. 9 Hen. VII, m. 18 (19), 18 January). This annuity granted
to Falcon 1 March 1486 and paid at least down to Michaelmas, 6 Hen. VII,
1490. In interval Falcon appears frequently in Issue Rolls, etc.; personal
name never given but probable that Yonge was meant and that he was appd
1 March 1486, vice Walshe (appd by Ric. III and attainted 1 Hen. VII); sent
to Ireland and South Wales 1487; France 1488, France and Brittany 1489,
Germany, Denmark and Poland 1490; and overseas 1491 (Coll. of Arms MS.
O.A. III, 91, etc.).
Appd Somerset 1493; April 1494 sent to Denmark; 1502 attached to
embassy to Hungary and attended 29 September marriage of Wladislas II
and Anne de Foix (N. & Q., 8s, iii, 101, etc.); 1503 attended Princess Margaret to Edinburgh for her marriage 8 August to James IV; remained there
two years (his account of the mission in Coll. of Arms MS. 1st M. 13, 76, etc.,
and Leland, Collectanea, ed. Altera, iv, 271); new tabards then supplied for
Yonge and Bluemantle (Banelee) cost 33s. 4d. each (Cal. Doc. Scot., iv, 441);
10 October 1510 pat. as Somerset confirmed; 5 November 1510 attached to
Sir Gilbert Talbot, Deputy of Calais, with protection for three years;
two and a half months later appd Norroy and ten days later, 4 February
1511, agreed with Wriothesley to share Norroy's home duties and profits,
no doubt because of his own absence in Calais.
No record of any other foreign missions as Norroy, but in 1513 granted
arms to John Beaumont, gentleman usher, and jointly with Wriothesley to
John Giffard of Chillington (crest), Thomas Salter of Oswestry (2 May,
H. & G., 1, 125), Godfrey Foljambe of Walton (crest and badge, 9 June),
and John Nevill of Chevet (crest), and 4 March 1516, also with Wriothesley,
granted Standard to Sir John Carr (H. & G., 1, 79; facsimile in Genealogist,
N.S. viii, and R. E. Carr, History of the Family of Carre, ii, i; 1916 Heraldic
Exhibition Catalogue, p. 60).
D. between 4 March and 21 May 1516; burd in Lady Chapel, St Katherine's
by the Tower, where his widow 'Andrea Norre' desired to be burd (will
1543–4, 1 Pynnyng).
Arms: Azure, 3 griffins segreant argent, beaks & claws gules.
17. THOMAS WALL
Guisnes, c. 16 June 1506.
Lancaster, appd 30 April 1509, p. s. 24 March, pat. 3 April 1510.
Norroy, pat. 21 May 1516.
Of Crich, co. Derby; said to have been Calais, Bluemantle and Richmond,
but not so; really Guisnes, Lancaster and Norroy; June 1506 as Guisnes
attended Dr Yonge, ambassador to Brussels; 1509–20 sent overseas nearly
every year, more often to Margaret of Savoy in Flanders but also to France,
Rome and Germany; 1513 attached to Thérouanne expedition and sent with
King Henry's defiance to Louis XII; 1520 at Field of Cloth of Gold; d. c.
Father of Thomas Wall, Garter.
Arms: Wriothesley's Roll of Grants (Soc. Antiq. MS. 443, no. 159) and
other MSS. show Azure, a chevron ermine between 3 eagles argent & on a
chief embattled or 3 roundels sable, as granted to Thomas Wall, Norroy,
temp. Hen. VIII. But his son's armorial, Soc. Antiq. MS. 679, fo. ccxxii
('Wall's Book of Arms') and also Lant's Roll, omit the eagles and it is to
be observed that in 679, which was compiled in 1530, several words have
been scrawled over and totally obliterated where the eagles might have been
mentioned. It therefore looks as though Wriothesley granted Norroy the
version with the eagles and that the son, on becoming Garter, discarded the
eagles back-dating the change to include his father. It is possible that Garter
also simplified the crest; Soc. Antiq. MS. 679, fo. 14, gives for Norroy:
On a torse or & sable an eagle's head per pale argent & azure between 2 wings
each charged with 3 gouttes, all counterchanged; but the General Armory
(1878) gives Garter's crest as: An eagle's head couped argent.
In Soc. Antiq. MS. 679 Norroy quarters: (2) sable, a fess between 3 suns
or (Sonnyng); and (3) argent, 2 wolves courant sable (Lemyngton).
The Patent Roll, 7 Hen. VIII, p. 3, m. 31, includes a grant of the office
of Norroy to Wall on 21 May (1515, L. & P., Hen. VIII, ii, no. 483), but this
must be a mistake for not only are the day and month the same as in the
1516 pat. (Pat. 8 Hen. VIII, p. 2, m. 13, 21 May 1516, L. & P. Hen. VIII,
11, no. 1927), but John Yonge was still Norroy in March 1516 when he
granted the Carr standard, and William Jenyns' pat. of Lancaster (vice Wall)
is dated 22 May 1516. Failing any positive evidence it seems probable that
the 1515 entry was cancelled by 'Vacatur quia alibi' or some such phrase,
but the roll is damaged at that point, the margin and part of the text having
gone. The fact that Anstis (Coll. of Arms MS. O.A. II, 251) mentions the
1516 pat., but says nothing of the 1515 entry, suggests that the damage
occurred after he wrote and that the cancellation was still visible when he
examined the roll at some time before 1744.
18. JOHN JOYNER
Richmond, p.s. 12 January, pat. 7 February 1511.
Norroy, appd after 14 April, pat. 21 May 1522.
Said to have been Comfort and Rouge Croix, but really Calais and
Richmond; 1510–12 attached to Sir Robert Wingfield, ambassador to the
Emperor; on many later missions to Low Countries, France, Spain, Italy,
etc. Appd Norroy 1522 but d. soon after, then living in St Giles', Cripplegate.
Arms: Argent, on a cross engrailed azure 5 fleurs de lis argent, a border
19. THOMAS TONGE (1522). See Clarenceux (11).
20. THOMAS HAWLEY (1534). See Clarenceux (12).
21. CHRISTOPHER BARKER (1536). See Garter (6).
22. WILLIAM FELLOW
Marleon de Aye, cr. 2 October 1522.
Lancaster, cr. 1 November 1527.
Norroy, cr. 9, p. s. 20, pat. 28 July 1536.
Lant's statement that William was Guisnes and Portcullis is impossible.
He was Marleon de Aye (nestling hawk) to Sir Charles Brandon, E.M., who
cr. him his pursuivant and so named him 2 October 1522. Thence Lancaster
and later Norroy.
Both as Brandon's servant and as Crown officer was repeatedly sent to
France and in 1543 was arrested at Bordeaux, but was released early in 1544.
1530 visited South Wales and Herefordshire as Benolt's deputy, and 1533
visited Lancashire and Cheshire. Latter visitation said to have been made
under special commission from Benolt although both counties were in
Tonge's province as Norroy.
D. shortly before Christmas 1549. Nicholas Fellow, Calais, was his s. and
probably Henry Fellow, Guisnes, also.
A valuable collection of notes and precedents made and mostly written
by him (Coll. of Arms MSS. R. 36, 37) was bequeathed to the College by
(Surtees Soc., vol. 122; H. & H., p. 103; R. & C., pp. 40, 68, 78; etc.)
Arms: Azure, a fess nebuly ermine between 3 lion's heads erased or
23. GILBERT DETHICK (1547). See Garter (7).
24. WILLIAM HERVY (1550). See Clarenceux (13).
25. LAURENCE DALTON
Rouge Croix, p. s. 12, pat. 15 November 1546.
Richmond, p. s. January, renewed 11, pat. 12 April 1547.
Norroy, pat. 6 September 1557, cr. 9 December 1558.
S. of Roger Dalton of Dalton Hall and Croston Hall, Yorkshire, whose
sister Ellen married Barker, Garter.
1553 and 1558 attached to the forces against the Scots. On latter occasion,
assisted by Colbarne, Rouge Dragon, recorded pedigrees and arms of many
northern families, no record of this in College and it is not officially counted
as a Vis'n. Further northern pedigrees and arms recorded in 1560–1.
D. 13 December 1561; burd St Dunstan's in the West where his widow,
Dorothy née Breame burd 1 December 1596. Two drawings, quite different
but both purporting to depict the effigy on his brass are extant (Surtees Soc.,
vol. 122, frontispiece; Dingley, History from Marble, ed. Camden Soc.,
(Surtees Soc., vol. 122; Machyn's Diary, pp. 181, 273; R. & C., pp. 78–9.)
Arms: Quarterly, (1 & 4) azure crusuly, a lion rampant gardant argent
(Dalton); (2 & 3) argent, 3 bars azure with 3 voided lozenges gules in chief
(Fleming). Crest: A dragon's head vert purfled & winged or. Motto: Il Sera
Come Dieu Plaira. (Seal; Brass; etc.)
26. WILLIAM FLOWER
Guisnes, cr. 10 July 1536.
Rouge Croix, p.s. 26, pat. 30 May 1544, salary from Lady Day 1543.
Chester, p.s. November 1546, pat. 28 April 1547, salary from Michaelmas 1545.
Norroy, pat. 29 January, cr. 8 February 1562.
Probably s. of John Flower, tailor and corn-merchant of York, and
b. c. 1498, but nothing definite known about him before appointment as
Guisnes 1536. 1555 Hawley, Clarenceux, appointed him his marshal.
Alike as pursuivant and as herald very often employed abroad. As Norroy
mostly in England; between 1563 and 1585 visited, either in person or by
his deputy Robert Glover, practically the whole of the northern province.
1585 he and Clarenceux Cooke jointly deputed Lewis Dwnn to visit Wales.
28 January 1580 made a Poor Knight of Windsor; in his will calls himself
Governor of the Poor Knights. D. Windsor between 14 October (date of
will) and 22 November (probate) 1588.
Dau. Elizabeth was wife of Robert Glover, Somerset, and on 9 March
1580, at age of 82, he obtained a new pat. granting the place of Norroy to
himself with reversion to Glover (q.v.).
(D.N.B.; Chetham Soc., 81, 1567 Vis'n. of Lancs; Harl. Soc., 16, 1563
Vis'n. of Yorks; R. & C.; etc.)
Arms: Sable ermined argent, a pierced cinquefoil ermine. Crest: An
eagle's head erased sable ermined argent & with a gold crown about its neck.
27. EDMUND KNIGHT
Rouge Dragon, pat. 27 January, cr. 19 April 1565.
Chester, pat. 4, cr. 31 October 1574.
Norroy, pat. 29 April 1590, cr. 26 March 1592.
Nothing known as to his birth or parentage; successively Rouge Dragon,
Chester and Norroy; d. at Whitton, Middlesex; burd Twickenham
30 October 1593. Several College MSS. are in his handwriting; others of
his MSS. in Caius College, Cambridge, bequeathed 1680 by Serjeant Surgeon
John Knight. Smith, Rouge Dragon, complained that he could neither
write nor speak true Latin, true French or true English.
Father of Robert, candidate 1611 for appt as Rose; perhaps father of
Thomas Knight, Chester. Dr John Knight above-mentioned, who described
himself as s. of Thomas Knight, arms-painter (Perrin, British Flags, p. 57),
bore the same quarterly arms and owned many of Norroy's MSS., was
probably a near relative, though pedigree in Serjeant Surgeon John Knight
(by E. M. and R. T. C. Calvert, 1939) makes him s. of John Knight, of
Winwick, Huntingdonshire and Northamptonshire, herald-painter to
Charles I, and says nothing of either Edmund or Thomas.
Arms: Quarterly, (1 & 4) vert, a bend of 5 lozenges or; (2 & 3) per
chevron argent & sable, 3 pierced cinquefoils counterchanged. Crest:
A demi-friar holding a lantern in one hand & a rosary in the other, his gown
or, cape & hood argent. Motto: Suivant Saint Pierre.
28. WILLIAM SEGAR (1597). See Garter (9).
29. RICHARD ST GEORGE (1604). See Clarenceux (17).
30. JOHN BOROUGH (1623). See Garter (10).
31. WILLIAM LE NEVE (1633). See Clarenceux (18).
32. SIR HENRY ST GEORGE (1635). See Garter (11).
33. EDWARD WALKER (1643). See Garter (12).
33 A. WILLIAM RYLEY (1646). See Clarenceux (18 D).
33 B. GEORGE OWEN (1658). See Clarenceux (18 C).
34. WILLIAM DUGDALE (1660). See Garter (13).
35. SIR HENRY ST GEORGE (1677). See Garter (15).
36. SIR THOMAS ST GEORGE (1680). See Garter (14).
37. SIR JOHN DUGDALE
Windsor, signet July, cr. 26 October 1675.
Norroy, signet February, R. wt. 22, cr. 24 March 1686.
Only surviving s. of Sir William Dugdale, Garter; b. 1 June 1628; M.A.
of both Oxford (1661) and Cambridge (1664), and member of Gray's Inn;
for a time Chief Gentleman of the Chamber to Lord Chancellor Clarendon
and afterwards Deputy-Lieutenant and Justice of Coventry.
Appointed Windsor on Ashmole's resignation 1675, and on 8 December
1684, owing to his father's failing health, the E.M. appointed him Deputy
Garter. On his father's death sought to succeed as Garter, but the Earl
Marshal would only appoint him Norroy. Kt. March 1686. 1690 was
suspended by order of the Council dated 30 May, but the suspension was
discharged two months later (E.M's wts. 5 June and 16 August 1690). The
reason for the suspension is not stated. D. at Coventry 31 August 1700;
burd at Shustoke, Warwickshire (M.I.).
By no means addicted to heraldry; left everything to Gregory King, in
whose favour he wished to resign his crown, but E.M. refused permission.
At New Year 1685 he presented to the King A Catalogue of the Nobility
of England (printed 1685 and 1690).
(D.N.B.; Hamper's Life... of Sir W. Dugdale; Life of Gregory King; etc.)
Arms: As Sir William Dugdale.
38. ROBERT DEVENISH
York, E. M. wt. 18 December 1674, R. wt. 19, cr. 23 February 1675.
Norroy, E. M. wt. 17 September, pat. 22 November, R. wt. 5, cr. 11 December
Of Lincoln's Inn and Mortlake, Surrey; b. c. 1637; s. of Robert Devenish
of Fetter Lane, London, a cadet of Devenish of Upsidlinge, Dorset.
An 'entering Register' of the High Court of Chancery; bought the place
of York from Wingfield 1674; d. Mortlake 7 April 1704; burd there (M.I.).
His wife, Elizabeth, was niece of Sir Thomas and Sir Henry St George,
Garters, being dau. of George Tucker, of Milton, near Gravesend, by
Frances St George.
(Life of Gregory King, ed. Dallaway, p. 36; etc.)
Arms: Vert, a saltire engrailed or between 4 crosses crosslet fitchy argent.
Crest: A demi-tyger salient vert (argent, on his hatchment), armed & tufted
or, holding in the dexter paw a cross crosslet fitchy argent. Motto: Sub
39. PETER LE NEVE, F.R.S., P.S.A.
Rouge Croix, pat. 17 January, R. wt. 6, cr. 8 February 1690, salary from Michaelmas 1689.
Richmond, signet March, pat. 5 April, 1704 salary from Christmas 1703.
Norroy, pat. 25 May 1704.
B. London, baptized St Michael's, Cornhill 22 January 1661, s. and heir
of Francis Neve, citizen and draper of London, an upholsterer in Cornhill;
grandson of Firmian Neve of Ringland, Norfolk, and distant cousin of
Sir W. Le Neve, Clarenceux. Resumed (? assumed) the name Le Neve.
Educ. Merchant Taylors' School, Trinity College, Cambridge, and Middle
Temple; F.R.S.; first President of the Society of Antiquaries 1707–24; 1690
Rouge Croix; 1704 Richmond and a few weeks later Norroy; a Deputy
Chamberlain of the Exchequer c. 1693, resd 1706. As Norroy strenuously
upheld the rights of his office; a leader of the College's opposition to Anstis'
appointment as Garter. 1716 Garter mission to Bishop of Osnabrugh
(Ernest Augustus, brother of George I). D. at Great Witchingham, Norfolk
24 September 1729; burd in chancel there. A unitarian and a Freemason.
As a man Martin Leake found him slovenly in dress, sordid and selfish in
disposition and niggardly in his ways, save as regards his library on which
he grudged no expense. Hearne found him parsimonious and odd but goodnatured and communicative. As an antiquary industrious, with abnormal
powers of work; mainly occupied in calendaring records and collecting
material for a history of Norfolk and its families, these collections forming
the backbone of Blomefield's and Parkin's Norfolk. Bought the St George
collections on Sir Thomas's death 1703. Contemplated leaving all his collections to the College but did not complete the bequest. Collections now
dispersed. Many, including the Paston Letters and much Norfolk material,
came through his widow to her second husband, Tom Martin of Palgrave,
who bought many more at the sale in 1731; this included some 800 MSS.,
rolls and charters.
Extracts from five volumes of his memoranda are printed in Norfolk Arch.
Soc. Trans., ii; Gent. Mag., N.S. xv, xviii, xx; Topographer and Genealogist,
iii, and Crisp's Fragmenta Genealogica, three volumes of original letters; B.M.
MSS. Harl. 4712–13, 7525, calendared by Walter Rye, Norwich, 1895.
Beside the Paston Letters, two interesting MSS. he owned are 'William
Jenyns' Ordinary' (Coll. of Arms) and 'Peter Le Neve's Book' (MS. Harl.
6163, the second of the two fifteenth-century rolls published in the De
Walden volume Two Tudor Books of Arms).
(D.N.B. memoir, by Walter Rye, very full down to 1706, but sketchy
thereafter. See also Nichols' Lit. Anec.; Hearne's Collections, viii, etc.;
N. & Q., 2 s. xii, 105; Hist. Soc. Antiq., passim; R. & C.; Norfolk Arch., ii, 369.)
Arms: Argent, on a cross sable 5 fleurs de lis argent, a crescent for difference in the canton.
40. STEPHEN MARTIN LEAKE (1729). See Garter (18).
41. JOHN CHEALE
Arundel, cr. 16 November 1741.
Norroy, pat. 12, cr. 21 December 1741.
Called 'King' Cheale, by his friends who counted him a 'very good
fellow'; s. of John Cheale of Findon, Sussex; b. 1699; d. Findon 8 May 1751.
Made Norroy through influence of Dukes of Newcastle and Richmond,
having been cr. Arundel a month earlier for form's sake. Neglected his
duties as Norroy leaving everything to Huchenson, Chester. Martin
Leake's account of him more amusing than complimentary.
(Coll. of Arms MS. SML. 65, pp. 114–209 passim; Sussex Arch. Coll'ns,
xxvi, 246–7; Comber, Sussex Genealogies, 55; etc.)
Arms: Quarterly, (1 & 4) gules, 3 eagles displayed or crowned argent
(Cheale, granted 1672); (2 & 3) ermine, a chief quarterly or & gules (Peckham). Crest: An eagle's head or crowned argent. Motto: Bene Vivere et
42. CHARLES TOWNLEY (1751). See Garter (19).
43. WILLIAM OLDYS
Norfolk, cr. 15 April 1755.
Norroy, nom. April, pat. 5 May, salary from 11 January 1755.
Antiquary and bibliographer, b. 14 July 1696, illegitimate s. of Wm.
Oldys, LL.D., Advocate in Courts of Admiralty and Chivalry (d. 1708);
1724–30 in Yorkshire with Earl of Malton; 1731 sold his collections to
Edw. Harley, Earl of Oxford; 1738 Harley's Secretary; 1736 published Life
of Sir Francis Drake which moved Duke of Norfolk to determine to provide
for him; from 1741 worked as bookseller's hack; 1751–3 in the Fleet for
debt; 1755 Norfolk and thence Norroy; d. unmarried and insolvent at
College 15 April 1761; burd in St Benet's, Paul's Wharf.
A little, mean-looking man, according to Francis Grose (The Olio, 1793),
addicted to low company and rarely sober; good-natured and of absolute
honesty as a writer, but wholly ignorant of heraldry.
(See also, especially for his numerous publications and MS. remains,
D.N.B.; Gent. Mag., liv, 160, etc.; N. & Q., is. v, 529–31; 2s. xi, 101;
3 s. 1, 1, etc.; Sir E. K. Chambers, William Shakespeare (1930), 11, 274, etc.)
Arms (on seal as Norroy): Azure, a chevron argent between 3 garbs or.
These are his father's arms and should have been bastardized.
44. THOMAS BROWNE (1761). See Garter (20).
45. RALPH BIGLAND (1773). See Garter (21).
46. ISAAC HEARD (1774). See Garter (22).
47. PETER DORE, F.S.A.
Bluemantle, pat. 21 April 1763.
Richmond, pat. 16 July, salary from 23 May 1764.
Norroy, appd 21 March, pat. 3 April, salary from 7 March 1780.
B. 8 January 1716, at Hinton Parva, Wiltshire, s. of John Dore of that
place, and grandson of Thomas Dore, Grantee of the arms hereunder; 1778,
when elected F.S.A., was of Badgemore, Oxfordshire.
1763 bought place of Bluemantle from Pujolas for £300; d. suddenly of
apoplexy on board the East-Indiaman Dutton at Gravesend 27 September
1781; burd in Christchurch, Newgate (M.I.).
Bequeathed two MSS. to the College, who afterwards bought from his
executors twenty-six other MSS. including some Wriothesleyana, and a
number of printed books.
Arms granted 1765: Per pale azure & gules 3 lions rampant or with a
bezant in the centre. Crest: On a mural crown argent an eagle rising purpure
holding in the beak an antique shield charged with the ancient arms of Dore,
per pale azure & gules, 3 bees or.
On Norroy's bookplate the eagle holds a plain shield.
48. THOMAS LOCK (1781). See Clarenceux (28).
49. GEORGE HARRISON (1784). See Clarenceux (29).
50. RALPH BIGLAND (1803). See Garter (24).
51. EDMUND LODGE (1822). See Clarenceux (33).
52. JOSEPH HAWKER (1838). See Clarenceux (34).
53. FRANCIS MARTIN (1839). See Clarenceux (35).
54. JAMES PULMAN (1846). See Clarenceux (36).
55. EDWARD HOWARD GIBBON, afterwards Howard-Gibbon
Mowbray, E.M. wt. 23, R. wt. 25 April 1842.
York, pat. 8 August, salary from 26 July 1842.
Norroy, E.M. wt. 9, pat. 19 June, salary from 8 June 1848.
B. 9 August 1799, a natural s. of Charles, eleventh Duke of Norfolk; by
R.L. 31 January 1843, with consent of the thirteenth duke, assumed the
additional surname of Howard and quartered the Howard arms 'with due
distinctions of illegitimacy'; uterine brother of M. C. H. Gibbon, Richmond.
His wife sister of E. S. Dendy, Chester.
Sometime Protector of Slaves in British Guiana and member of the Court
of Policy there 1832–4. 18 March 1842, E.M's official Secretary; places of
Mowbray and York soon followed; d. in John St, London (now 31 a
St James's Square), 22 June 1849; burd in Churchyard of St Nicholas, the
Arundel private chapel, at Arundel.
(Gent. Mag., N.S. xxxii (1849), 217–18; etc.)
Arms granted and exemplified 6 February 1843: Quarterly in a border
wavy gobony or & azure; (1 & 4) for Gibbon: Sable, a fret & in chief 2 open
fetterlocks or (alluding to his title of York); (2 & 3) for Howard: Gules,
on a bend between 6 crosses crosslet fitchy argent an escocheon or charged
with a demi-lion pierced through the mouth with an arrow within a double
tressure flory counter-flory all gules. Crests: (1) for Gibbon: A fret or &
issuing therefrom an ostrich feather argent; (2) for Howard: Out of a crown
or two wings gules each charged with a bend between 6 crosses crosslet
argent, the whole debruised by a baton sinister party per bend or & azure.
Motto: My Truste Ys.
56. ROBERT LAURIE (1849). See Clarenceux (37).
57. WALTER ASTON BLOUNT (1859). See Clarenceux (38).
58. GEORGE EDWARD COKAYNE (1882). See Clarenceux (39).
59. WILLIAM HENRY WELDON (1894). See Clarenceux (40).
60. HENRY FARNHAM BURKE (1911). See Garter (29).
61. CHARLES HAROLD ATHILL (1919). See Clarenceux (41).
62. WILLIAM ALEXANDER LINDSAY (1919). See
63. GORDON AMBROSE DE LISLE LEE (1922).
See Clarenceux (43).
64. ARTHUR WILLIAM STEUART COCHRANE (1926).
See Clarenceux (44).
65. GERALD WOODS WOLLASTON (1928). See Garter (30).
66. ALGAR HENRY STAFFORD HOWARD (1930),
Norroy and Ulster (1943). See Garter (31).
67. SIR GERALD WOODS WOLLASTON,
Norroy and Ulster (1944). See Garter (30).
68. AUBREY JOHN TOPPIN, M.V.O., F.S.A.
Bluemantle, pat. 24 July, salary from 29 March 1923.
York, pat. 24 December, salary from 14 November 1932.
Norroy and Ulster, pat. 20 July, salary from 4 March 1957.
B. Twickenham 1881; second s. of Percy Toppin, of Ellerslie, Shanklin,
I.O.W.; Captain 3rd Bn. R. Irish Rifles 1915–19; Temporary Assistant
Science and Art Museum, Dublin, 1901; Assistant Keeper Irish Antiquities,
National Museum of Ireland 1906 and Art Division 1907–23; F.S.A. 1922;
Bluemantle 1923, thence York and Norroy; M.V.O. 1946.
An expert on porcelain and a founder of the Irish Genealogical Research
Society, author of Guides to British Pottery and Porcelain (Science and Art
Museum, Dublin) and articles in Dublin Museum Bulletin (1911–13), Transactions of English Ceramic Circle and Burlington Magazine.
Arms granted 23 April 1927: Argent, a cross engrailed between 4 herons'
heads erased sable. Crest: In front of a rising sun a heron with wings expanded
holding in the beak a luce, all proper. Motto: Deo, Patriae, Amicis.