The office of Windsor is said to have been instituted for the service of the
Order of the Garter, but if, as seems probable, 'Andrew Windsor Norroy'
who occurs in 1338 was Windsor herald the institution antedates the Order
by some years. Other writers date the institution of the office in 1364, when
the pursuivant who brought King Edward news of the victory of Auray
was made Windsor herald, but that is almost certainly too late. The title has
not been met (outside Lant) from 1380 to 1418 or 1419 when Windsor was
sent to the Duke of Brittany (Lobineau, Histoire de Bretagne, ii, col. 930),
but since then the succession has been maintained and Windsor is now one
of the six heralds in ordinary.
Badge: Edward III's (Edward of Windsor) sun-burst, that is, golden sunrays shooting from a bank of cloud.
1. ANDREW (temp. Ed. III). See Norroy (3).
Windsor, c. 1366, ? cr. 4 October 1364.
Windsor appears repeatedly in public records from 1366 to 1380; he is
presumably the pursuivant of Brittany whom the Count of Montfort sent
to England with news of the battle of Auray, fought on 29 September 1364,
and whom King Edward forthwith appointed Windsor herald (Froissart,
trans. Johnes (1844), 1, 335; Bertrand de Argentre, Histoire de Bretagne).
Late 1366 sent to Brittany (wt. for payment of passage WeymouthSt Malo 20 December, 40 Ed. III); 12 June 1367 granted 20 mks a year for
bringing good news of the Black Prince (presumably a report of the victory
at Najara, previous 3 April), pat. 4 Ed. III, p. 1, m. 13; that annuity confirmed 1379, pat. 3 Ric. II, p. 1, m. 10, 3 August, and payment recorded in
Issue Rolls passim down to Easter, 3 Ric. II, 1380, showing that same man
was Windsor all that time; named as Stephen 1375 when attending Edmund,
Earl of Cambridge and John, Duke of Brittany (protection dat. 3 March,
Fr. Roll, 49 Ed. III, m. 25), and 1380 when ordered overseas with William,
Lord Latimer (protection 4 July, 4 Ric. II). Sometimes called king of arms.
but only styled herald in patents of 1367 and 1379 (Coll. of Arms MS,
O.A. I, 78, II, 615, etc.).
Note. Anstis (Coll. of Arms MS. O.A. loc. cit.) calls the grantee of 1367
'P. Windsor Herald' and is consequently involved in a discussion whether
Windsor was not simultaneously the title of a herald and of a king of arms,
but in fact there is no trace of 'P' in the Patent Roll.
3. THOMAS MORE (temp. Hen. VI). See Guyenne (8).
4. ROBERT ASHWELL
Antelope, temp. Hen. V.
Rouge Croix, temp. Hen. VI.
Windsor, temp. Hen. VI.
? Lancaster, c. 1442.
Lant's statements that 'Robert Ashwell' was Antelope, Rouge Croix and
Windsor, and that he bore the same arms as John Ashwell, Lancaster, are
unconfirmed. He was perhaps Lancaster herald 1441–2, for 'Robert Ashwell
alias dictus Lancaster filius Johannis Ashwell nuper Regis Armorum' occurs
on Close Roll, 20 Hen. VI, m. 3d. A moot point whether 'alias Lancaster'
means he was Lancaster herald or is a case of a son using his father's title as
surname (cf. Genealogists' Mag., September 1954, pp. 503 sqq.).
5. JOHN FERRANT (temp. Ed. IV). See March (2).
6. JOHN BALLARD
Wallingford, temp. Hen. VI.
Rouge Croix, temp. Hen. VI.
Windsor, temp. Ed. IV.
? March, temp. Ed. IV.
Arms:..., a bend cotised...between 6 martlets...
Only in earliest version of Lant's Roll; otherwise unknown; probably
meant for William Ballard, March.
7. THOMAS HOLME (c. 1461). See Clarenceux (7).
8. JOHN MORE (c. 1468). See Norroy (12).
9. RICHARD SLACKE
Comfort, temp. Ed. IV.
Rouge Croix, temp. Ed. IV.
Windsor, c. 1485, pat. 25 November 1486.
Said to have been Comfort and Rouge Croix under Edward IV; already
Windsor 25 August 1485, when he announced Richard III's death to Mayor
of York; soon after sent to France; married 1486 when King gave him
20 mks for wedding outfit; 11 November 1498 Keeper of Claverdon Park,
Warwickshire; d. 1502, will dat. 15, pr. 24 May; to be burd St Dunstan's
in the West, although parishioner of St Mary Magdalene, Old Fish St.
Arms: Azure, a cross formy throughout per bend sinister ermine & or
charged in the centre with a 4 pointed molet counterchanged.
10. THOMAS BENOLT (1504). See Clarenceux (10).
11. FRANCIS DYES or DEES
Bluemantle, pat. 26 August 1508.
Windsor, p.s. 24, pat. 27 November 1510.
Citizen and Vintner of London; lived in parish of St Peter le Poer. Both
as Bluemantle and as Windsor was often employed abroad, especially in
Spain. Made his will 16 October 1524, d. within a few days. Will pr.
4 November 1524.
12. THOMAS WALL (1524). See Garter (5).
13. CHARLES WRIOTHESLEY
Rouge Croix, appd 1524, pat. 29 May 1525.
Windsor, cr. 25, p.s. 28 December 1534, pat. 21 January 1535.
B. Garter House, 8 May 1508, a younger s. of Sir T. Wriothesley, Garter,
by Jane Hall; said to have been Berwick but not so; Rouge Croix 1524
aged 16; servant of Lord Chancellor Audley; admitted Gray's Inn 1529
(? 1521); Windsor 1534; attached to Army in France 1544; lived first at
Garter House but later (after 1534) in house of Clarenceux Camden's father
in St Sepulchre's parish without Newgate; d. there 25 January 1562; burd
St Sepulchre's 27 January; funeral paid for by College (Machyn's Diary,
pp. 275–6; Coll. of Arms MS. I, 13, 34; etc.).
In Coll. of Arms, Vinc. MS. 152, p. 71 called 'Charlys Wryotesley, of
Twice married; left no children.
Had many books, presumably his father's; Stow complained that he kept
them too long from the sight of the learned. According to Noble most were
bought at his death by Sir William Dethick (? or his father, Gilbert); some
of Sir Thomas's books were certainly in Dethick's possession; Coll. of Arms,
Vinc. MS. 152, for example, has additions made by a Dethick; the arms of
Dethick on p. 147, for instance, are an obvious addition over an erasure.
Author of Wriothesley's Chronicle, an important original source from 1519
onwards (ed. by W. D. Hamilton (1875), Camden Soc., N.S. xi).
Supposed by D.N.B., etc., to be the 'Charles Wreothesle', of St Giles',
Cripplegate, assessed for 1522 loan at £38. 6s. 8d. in lands and fees and £40
in goods. Is that possible? He was then only 14 and his father was only
assessed at £40 and Norroy at £40 goods and £20 fees (L. & P. Hen. VIII,
(See D.N.B.; etc.)
Arms: Quarterly, (1) Wriothesley; (2) Castlecombe; (3) Lusthill (see
J. Wrythe); (4) Hall: Argent, on a chevron sable between 3 columbine
flowers azure slipped & leaved vert an estoile or (Coll. of Arms, Vinc. MS.
142, p. 71; 'Wriothesley's Crosses' no. 319).
14. RICHARD TURPIN
Hampnes, appd after 4 June 1549.
Bluemantle, cr. 21 December 1559, pat. 22 January 1560.
Windsor, pat. 25 January, cr. 19 April 1565, salary from Michaelmas 1561.
Of Calais; either nephew (younger s. of John Turpin of Knaptoft,
Leicestershire—Vincent's 'Leics' 217) or s. (Coll. of Arms MS. O.A. II, 628
citing MS. penes P. Le Neve) of Richard Turpin of Calais, whose Chronicle of
Calais (1846 ed. by J. G. Nichols, Camden Soc., vol. 35); Hampnes 1549 and
Clerk of the Victuals at Calais (salary £40 p.a.); at surrender of Calais 1558
lost lands worth £100 p. a. and goods worth £2000; the last Hampnes pursuivant; Bluemantle 1559; Windsor 1565 with salary from 1561; frequently
employed overseas, notably 1562–3 on Earl of Warwick's expedition to
Newhaven (Le Havre), his account of which is Coll. of Arms, Anstis MS.
H. 4, 58b; 1569 suspended for not paying debts to William and Nicholas
Dethick; restored by E.M's wt. 28 July 1570; d. 17 October 1581.
An officer of great industry. 'Turpin's Alphabet of Arms', Coll. of Arms
MS. H. xi, contains miscellaneous heraldic collections including alphabets
and ordinaries of arms, mostly in his handwriting. Coll. of Arms MS. H. 12
is a copy of 1563 Vis'n of Leicestershire and Warwickshire with notes of
obsequies, funerals, fees, etc., written by him. B.M. MS. Add. 17065 and
Queen's College, Oxford, MS. H. 30 contain pedigrees said to have been
compiled by him.
Arms: Gules, on a bend argent 3 lion heads erased sable. Crest, granted
by Hawley, Clarenceux, 1 April 1553: A griffin statant with one claw raised
or, the forepart droppy gules, beak & claws sable, wings open or.
15. NICHOLAS DETHICK
Bluemantle, pat. 25 January, cr. 19 April 1565.
Windsor, R. wt. for tabard 19, pat. 22, cr. 24 April 1583.
Eldest s. of Sir Gilbert Dethick, Garter; b. 1539; educ. Eton. 1563 took
a 'view' of the arms of St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle (Coll. of Arms,
Anstis MS. Q. 1); 1565 Bluemantle; later Windsor.
Presumably a skilled herald for Lord Burleigh marked him for promotion
to Clarenceux, but he was passed over, and died, still Windsor, 19 January
1596; burd in St Catherine Cree Church.
(Eton Coll. Register; etc.)
Arms: As Sir William Dethick.
16. THOMAS LANT
Portcullis, p.s. for tabard 19 December 1588, signet 4, pat. 9 January, cr. 4 February
Windsor, cr. 23 October 1597, pat. 29 November 1600.
B. at Gloucester c. 1556, s. of Thomas Lant, of Stafford and later of
Gloucester, by Mayens or Mary Mounsloe of co. Salop; choirboy in
Chapel Royal; c. 1568 page to Bishop Cheyney of Gloucester and 1579 to
Lord Cheyney of Todington; servant to Sir Philip Sidney, whom he accompanied to Low Countries; 1586 employed by Secretary Walsingham; 1588
Portcullis and 1597 Windsor; d. c. New Year 1601.
Designed roll of Sidney funeral procession, engraved by Th. de Brij and
1595 presented to the Queen a Catalogue of the Officers of Arms from the
time of Henry V (Lant's Roll), purporting to show that it had always been
customary for officers to proceed regularly from pursuivant extra to pursuivant in ordinary and thence to herald and king of arms. This was apparently provoked, at least in part, by Glover's reversionary grant of Norroy.
Many copies in British Museum and elsewhere; unfortunately it is quite
unreliable and much seems pure invention (see Landed Gentry (1952), p. cviii,
and Danielson, John Hart's Works, p. 35).
'Lant's Observations' (Coll. of Arms MS. Arundel xl) is a vivid description of the College c. 1590.
1589 compiled augmented version of Cooke's Baronage (B.M. MS.
Perhaps author of Daily Exercise of a Christian (1590).
Arms: Per pale argent & gules, a cross engrailed counter-changed with a
cinquefoil gules in dexter chief. Crest: A dove argent, beak & legs gules,
standing on a serpent fretted proper. Motto: Prudentia et Simplicitate.
17. RICHARD ST GEORGE (1602). See Clarenceux (17).
18. SAMUEL THOMPSON
Portcullis, cr. 23 October 1597, pat. 15 May 1602.
Windsor, docquet 21, wt. for tabard 25 February 1604, pat. 19 December 1606.
Of St John Zachary's, London, and of Streatham, Surrey; s. of Henry
Thompson of Eynesbury, Bedfordshire, painter-stainer employed by Segar
and other heralds before 1593; Portcullis 1597 and thence Windsor; 1620
went to Bohemia (why?); 1623 Camden's deputy on Vis'n of Surrey;
d. 15 May 1624, at Streatham; burd St John Zachary's.
Father of Thomas Thompson, Lancaster.
Arms granted to him by Cooke, Clarenceux: Sable, a lion passant guardant
or between 3 couped saltires argent. Crest: A lion sejant erect or holding
a saltire argent between the forepaws.
19. AUGUSTINE VINCENT
Rose Rouge, pat. 22 February, cr. 22 March 1616.
Rouge Croix, pat. 29 May, cr. 6 June 1621.
Windsor, wt. for tabard 2, pat. 5, R. wt. 18, cr. 29 June 1624.
B. c. 1581 or 1584; third s. of William Vincent of Wellingborough and
Thingdon, Northamptonshire, a cadet of Vincent of Barnack and Swinford;
Clerk in Tower Record Office; 1616 Rose Rouge, thence Rouge Croix and
Windsor; Camden's deputy for Vis'ns of Northamptonshire and Rutland
1618–19, Warwickshire and Leicestershire 1619, Surrey and Shropshire 1623;
d. 11 January 1626; burd at St Benet's, Paul's Wharf.
Published 1622 A Discoverie of Errours in Brooke's Catalogue of Nobility,
drawing largely on Tower records.
Left great collection of MSS. and rolls, some in his own handwriting,
others older; his s. John left these to Ralph Sheldon (d. 1684) who bequeathed
them to the College, in all some 260 volumes and 90 rolls and other separate
documents, comprising Vis'ns and other collections of pedigrees, extracts
from public and private records, rolls of arms, copies of grants of arms,
treatises, books of precedents, church notes, charters, chronicles and miscellaneous antiquarian collections (see R. & C., pp. 33–4). A few of his MSS.
remained in Anthony à Wood's possession and now in Bodleian, e.g., Wood
MS. B. 8–10.
Arms: (1) As Rose Rouge: Azure, 3 pierced quatrefoils in a border argent.
(2) As Rouge Croix, granted 1 January 1662: Or, on a pile azure 3 pierced
quatrefoils argent. Crest: Out of a crown or a bear's head argent collared
Bookstamp: A bear erect collared & chained holding over his left shoulder
a lance with banner of the (1622) arms, & holding with his right paw the
mantled & crested helm.
20. JOHN BRADSHAW
Rose Rouge, cr. 14 February 1624.
Rouge Croix, pat. 8, R. wt. 18, cr. 23 June 1624.
Windsor, docquet 16, pat. January 1626.
Deputy Chamberlain of the Exchequer (Palgrave, Antient Kalendars .... of
H.M. Exchequer, iii, 426, 451); successively Rose Rouge, Rouge Croix and
Windsor; d. at Southwold, Suffolk, September 1633; burd in St Anne's
Chapel, Westminster [Almonry].
Arms: Argent, 2 bends sable & a canton checky argent & azure. Crest:
2 keys in pale back to back encircled by a crown or, the keys respectively
or and argent.
21. EDWARD NORGATE
Windsor, pat. 28, cr. 31 October 1633, admitted by Parliamentary Commissioners
8 November 1648.
Civil servant, calligrapher, miniaturist, art expert and musician as well as
herald; b. Cambridge, baptized St Botolph's 12 February 1581; second s. of
Robert Norgate, D.D., Master of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge,
1573–87; brought up by stepfather Nicholas Felton, Master of Pembroke
College, Cambridge, and Bishop of Ely 1619–26; studied limning and
heraldry in London, perhaps in household of Lord Arundel, whose sons he
taught; 1611 reversionary pat. as tuner and Keeper of the King's musical
instruments, succeeding Andrew Bassano 1626; 1642 new pat. with reversion
to younger s. Arthur; 1613 already employed as scribe and limner in Signet
Office; 1625 Clerk in reversion; 1631 Clerk extraordinary and 1638 Clerk
of the Signet in ordinary; 1621–6 wrote treatise on illuminating and miniature painting; 1622 in Rome for Arundel; 1632 attended Arundel to The
Hague; 1633 Windsor herald, but irregular attendant at College; 1637 Commissioner of Brewing; 1639 in Low Countries buying pictures for Greenwich
Palace, etc.; 1639–40 attended King on Scottish expedition whence his
reports chatty and entertaining; at College 2 March 1643, but did not attend
King to Oxford; 1646 in Holland with Lord Stanhope; 1648 applied to
Parliamentary Commissioners and was admitted as Windsor 8 November;
December 1648–October 1650 rewrote Miniatura; d. at College 1650; burd
St Benet's, Paul's Wharf, 23 December.
Fuller calls him the best Illuminer of the age, an excellent herald and a
right honest man, of exemplary patience in (his last and protracted) sickness.
Many letters, etc., among State Papers; in College a thin volume of
pedigrees and arms bought 1899 at Tixall sale.
His Miniatura, or The Art of Limning, written 1621–6 and revised 1648–50,
His miniature of his first wife Judith Larner (d. 1617) in Victoria and
Albert Museum; other miniatures by him penes Lady Lawson-Tancred (in
1943). Executed letters pat., now at Audley End, appointing Earl of Stirling
Commander-in-Chief Nova Scotia.
(See also D.N.B.; 1919 edit. of Miniatura; Life of Thomas Howard, Earl of
Arundel, by Mary Hervey; Robert Herrick, Hesperides, no. 301.)
Arms: Gules, 2 gauntlets crossed in saltire palm to palm argent garnished
or, the sinister in bend sinister & surmounted by the thumb of the dexter.
His father bore: Per chevron engrailed argent & azure with 3 garden lilies
slipped in chief azure. This evidently alludes to his Mastership of Corpus
22. ELIAS ASHMOLE
Windsor, pat. 3 July, sworn 10 August 1660, resd 9 July 1675.
B. Lichfield 1617, s. of Simon Ashmole, saddler; probably best known as
founder of the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, and author of The Institution
...of the Order of the Garter (1672). Of great ability and boundless energy
with many extra-heraldic offices and activities. A staunch Royalist, rewarded
at the Restoration by appointment as Windsor with special precedence
immediately after the pre-Civil War heralds, Owen and Ryley. Thereafter
concentrated on heraldry and antiquarian pursuits. 1664–6 as Clarenceux's
deputy visited Berkshire, and notes then made formed basis of The Antiquities of Berkshire, published 1719. Resigned 9 July 1675, to devote himself to his other occupations. D. 18 May 1692; burd in South Lambeth Church.
On the death in 1662 of the naturalist John Tradescant, Ashmole acquired
his collection of curiosities and this was the nucleus of the collections given
to Oxford University in 1672 and housed in the specially built Ashmolean
Museum. His MS. collections, on astrology and alchemy as well as heraldry
and cognate subjects, over 1000 volumes, now in Bodleian Library.
(See also D.N.B.; his own Diary partially printed 1717 and 1774; Athen.
Oxon., iv, 354; Black's Catalogue of the Ashmolean MSS., 1845.)
Arms: Quarterly sable and or with a fleur de lis or in the first quarter.
Crest granted 16 May 1661 in lieu of his ancestral crest of a greyhound
courant: 'On a wreath sable and or the planet Mercury collocated in the
Midle of the caelestiall Signe Gemini proper his right hand extended toward
heaven and left holding a Caducan rod or.' (Harl. Soc., vol. 76 (1925), p. 8.)
23. JOHN DUGDALE (1675). See Norroy (37).
24. HENRY BALL
Rose Rouge, appd c. December 1675.
Rouge Croix, signet April, cr. 24 May 1677.
Windsor, signet February, R. wt. 22, cr. 24 March 1686.
S. of John Ball, Captain in army of Charles I; his sister married Thomas
Customer of Newcastle and Clerk to Sir Joseph Williamson, Secretary,
who obtained his nom. as Rose Rouge, whence in turn Rouge Croix
and Windsor; d. Air St, Piccadilly, 3 February 1687; burd St Andrew's,
For correspondence with Williamson and others see Cal. S.P. Dom., ch. ii
passim; Camden Soc., N.S. viii, ix; Hist. MSS. Comm. 7th Rep., p. 351, etc.,
and 12th Rep., p. 65, etc.
25. THOMAS HOLFORD
Portcullis, E.M. wt. 26 May, signet 25 July 1663.
Windsor, signet February, cr. 21 April 1687, resd January 1691.
S. of Benjamin Holford, Steward to Archbishop Laud, slain in service of
Charles I; married sister of Ball, Windsor; Portcullis 1663 and later Windsor;
a painter; 1664 ordered by chapter and deputed by Bysshe to visit London
churches with Sandford and report on hatchments and pennons there set up;
25 April 1665 reported on certain College MSS. tampered with by Bysshe;
1690 charged by certain painters with doing work which should have been
given out to them; January 1691 sold place as Windsor to Mauduit. Father
of Thomas Holford, Portcullis.
Arms: Argent, a greyhound passant sable.
26. PIERS MAUDUIT
Rouge Dragon, R. wt. 3, cr. 17 January 1690.
Windsor, docquet January, pat. 16 February, R. wt. 5 May 1691, resd 3 December
Eldest s. of John Mauduit, B.D., of Ottery St Mary, Devon, sometime
rector of Penshurst, Kent; Rouge Dragon 1690, giving King £100 for the
place; 1691 bought place of Windsor from Holford; 1693 imprisoned at
suit of Mary Deeble (why ?) but discharged on ground of privilege as a
royal servant (Lord's Journal, xv, 299, 303); 1710 suspended and imprisoned
on charge of stealing College books, but discharged some time later; resd
3 December 1726 in favour of Whorwood; d. 1729; burd Leyton, Essex,
According to J. C. Brooke seemed to have some professional knowledge.
Compiled five volume MS. armorial ('E.D.N. Alphabet') bought by Duke
of Norfolk at Warburton's sale and given to the College of Arms.
Arms: Gules, 3 pales dancy or. Crest: A wolf's head per pale indented
gules & or, tongue azure. Motto: Deus Me Audit.
27. JAMES WHORWOOD
Windsor, appd 2, pat. 17 December 1726, cr. 9 October 1727, resd 23 July 1736.
Fourth and youngest s. of Thomas Whorwood (d. 1704), of Holton,
Oxfordshire, sometime High Sheriff of Oxfordshire, who was illegitimate
s. of Brome Whorwood, eldest s. of Sir Thomas Whorwood, Kt., of Sandwell Hall, Staffordshire (d. 1634) by Ursula, dau. and heiress of George
Brome of Holton; Windsor 1726; 1736, being crippled by gout, sold place
to Kettell; resd 23 July.
Arms granted to him 14 February 1730: Argent, on a chevron between
3 stag's faces sable 3 broom-sprigs or. Crest: A stag's face sable with a sprig
of oak proper acorned or in the mouth. Motto: Nunc Et Semper (Misc.
Gen. & Her., N.S. iv, 49).
28. JOHN KETTELL, F.S.A.
Windsor, pat. 12 August 1736, cr. 21 December 1741.
Baptized 2 December 1697; s. of Wm. Kettell, citizen and haberdasher of
London; d. at College 9 May 1745; burd St Peter's, Cornhill.
Appd Windsor 1736, ceremony of creation dispensed with by D.E.M.
9 September 1736, but performed 1741; F.S.A. 1743; executed Coll. of Arms
MS. SML. 24, names and arms of Lord Mayors of London and names of
Sheriffs 1189–1736. Godfather to two sons of Knox Ward, Clarenceux;
named Stephen Martin Leake executor of his will.
A good and useful officer, a good draughtsman, tireless in business and
wholly devoted to the College, with a prodigious memory for arms and
Arms: Or, on a fess azure between 2 stag's heads erased in chief & a lion
passant guardant in base gules 3 cinquefoils or. Crest: In a mural crown or
a mount vert & thereon a lion sejant guardant gules crowned with an Eastern
crown or, the dexter paw resting on an antique shield or charged with a
cross flory fitchy azure.
29. RICHARD MAWSON
Portcullis, pat. ii, R. wt. 18, cr. 23 December 1717.
Windsor, E.M. wt. 1 September 1745.
Youngest s. of Charles Mawson, Chester; b. parish of St Clement Danes,
London, 24 January 1686; Portcullis 1717; nom. Windsor 1 September 1745,
but d. s.p. 2 September, burd East Barnet.
Lived in College; assiduous in professional duties; reputed honest but not
brilliant. Left his widow £1000.
Some of his books bought by the College of Arms; others by Warburton,
including 'Mawson's Obits', notes of marriages, deaths and burials 1720–9,
in his handwriting, bought from Warburton by Duke of Norfolk and given
to the College (Coll. of Arms MS. E.D.N. 61)—see Genealogist, N.S. ii, 143.
Arms: as granted to his father 1692.
30. THOMAS THORNBERY
Portcullis, nom. 1 September 1745.
Windsor, pat. 19 December, salary from Lady Day 1745.
B. c. 1719; grandson of Thomas Thornbery, citizen and Salter of London;
related to Thomas Brown, Garter; Clerk in Ordnance Office; lived at Mile
End; nom. Portcullis 1745 but did not pass pat.; Windsor three months
later; 1752 Secretary to Garter mission to Prince of Orange; d. 24 July 1757,
Tottenham Court Road; burd Great Marlow, Buckinghamshire (M.I.).
Leake, who recommended his appt, said he had good qualifications, but
took to drink and Townley called him 'a very drunken, sorry fellow'.
Arms granted 16 August 1746, but not entered in Grant Book: Or, a
demi-lion rampant erased azure between 2 chaplets of laurel in chief proper
& a garb in base gules. Crest: On a torse or & azure a mural crown argent
& thereon a Catherine wheel azure encircled by 2 branches of laurel proper
issuing from the crown. Motto: Qui Videt Providet.
On his bookplate the chaplets are each flowered with 4 roses (Misc. Gen.
& Her., 5s, x, 79).
31. HENRY HILL, F.S.A.
Rouge Dragon, pat 2 May, salary from 2 March 1755.
Windsor, pat. 11 November 1757, cr. 4 July 1758, salary from 24 July 1757.
Brunswick, 16 March 1763.
S. of Rev. Henry Hill of Guildford, Surrey; b. c. 1730; of Guildford and
of Margate, co. Kent; Rouge Dragon 1755 and later Windsor; E.M's
Secretary 24 June 1755; Deputy Serjeant at Arms, House of Commons,
July 1756; F.S.A. 1759; 1760 much concerned with arrangements for coronation of George III and in 1820 the College bought the detailed working
papers from his widow; Gentleman Usher of the Scarlet Rod December
1762 and Brunswick herald March 1763; d. at Avignon (South of France)
30 June 1774; burd in church of St Martin di Gigoniano.
Arms: Vert, 3 talbots passant argent. Crest: A stag's head erased with an
oak-branch in the mouth, all proper. Motto: Fidelis.
32. GEORGE HARRISON (1774). See Clarenceux (29).
33. FRANCIS TOWNSEND, F.S.A.
Rouge Croix, pat. 24 February, salary from 31 January 1778.
Windsor, pat. 5 June, salary from 22 May 1784.
B. St Bride's, Fleet St, London c. 1749, s. of Thomas Townsend of Chester
and St Albans, Hertfordshire; sometime of Ockley, Surrey; Rouge Croix
1778 and thence Windsor; 1783 bought Latin version of Rous' Warwick
Roll for 2 guineas and 1786 sold it to the College of Arms for same sum;
accompanied Heard on Garter missions to Cassel 1786 and Vienna 1814;
1786–1812 Deputy Bath King of Arms; F.S.A. 21 June 1787; 1787–8 copied
1682–6 Vis'ns of Worcestershire, etc. (Coll. of Arms MSS. K. 4, 6, 8);
1795 Deputy Ulster; 1809 with Martin, Bluemantle, successfully sued
C. P. B. Neale for nearly £300 for genealogical work (report reprinted
in The Times, 26 June 1809); 1813 deputy for Heard on Garter mission
to Czar Alexander I at Töplitz, accompanied by Beltz and Stephenson
(his account of the mission in Coll. of Arms MS. CGY. 884); d. at
Oxford 25 March 1819, aged 70; burd churchyard of St Benet's, Paul's
Father of Francis Townsend, Rouge Dragon.
Bulk of his collections passed to his s. from whose widow the College of
Arms bought them in 1833 for £525. Had perhaps largest practice of his
day in peerage cases; his merit as genealogist admitted even by Round.
Genealogical collections, more than 40 volumes, include notes towards a
new edition of Dugdale's Baronage (parts communicated by Young to Col.
Topog. & Gen., iv and v), many peers' pedigrees and extensive collections
of royal descents and pedigrees of founder's kin; also 16 volumes of will
abstracts and six of church notes. Other of his MSS. among the Young
collection in the College, including CGY. 884 above-mentioned, 407
collections about the College and heralds, 411 notes on his work at the
College, etc. Yet other MSS. in Phillipps collection, nos. 6531–45 and
34. FRANCIS MARTIN (1819). See Clarenceux (35).
35. ROBERT LAURIE (1839). See Clarenceux (37).
36. GEORGE HARRISON ROGERS-HARRISON
Blanch Lyon, E.M. wt. 2, R. wt. 5 September 1831.
Bluemantle, E.M. wt. 11, Gazette 15, pat. 26 November, salary from 10 November 1831.
Windsor, Gazette 6, pat. 18 July, salary from 29 June 1849.
B. 22 October 1805, s. of Daniel Charles Rogers of Bethnal Green who
was s. of Joseph Rogers by Mary, sister of George Harrison, Clarenceux.
Joseph Rogers took the name Valentine Lott, but by R.L. 30 April 1821 he
and his issue were authorized to take the name of Rogers-Harrison.
George Harrison, as he signed himself, attended the coronation of William IV as Blanch Lyon; later Bluemantle and Windsor. D. 2 March 1880,
burd in Norwood Cemetery.
Helped in 1870, Debrett's Peerage. Was of Birr, King's Co., Ireland.
An assiduous and active officer. In 1869 A. W. Woods thought he did
quite as much business as Young did as Garter.
(Gent. Mag., ci (1831), ii, 224; etc.)
Arms: (1) As Blanch Lyon, granted by Ulster 15 September 1831: Quarterly, (1 & 4) azure, 3 demi-lions rampant erased or each with an eastern
crown argent (Harrison); (2 & 3) or, 3 stags tripping proper (Rogers); over
all in centre chief a scocheon gules charged with a lion argent (in allusion to
his office of Blanch Lyon). Crests: (1) For Harrison: Out of a mural crown
azure a demi-lion or with an eastern crown argent holding in his paws a
chaplet of roses proper; (2) in allusion to his office of Blanch Lyon: On an
open crown or a lion rampant argent; (3) for Rogers: On a chapeau gules
turned up ermine a stag tripping proper with the coronet of a king of arms
about its neck and a chain therefrom passing between its forelegs or;
(4) granted by Ulster 22 October 1841 for his mother's family (Burrow):
Out of a coronet of trefoils or a plume of 5 ostrich feathers alternately
argent and or.
(2) As Bluemantle and Windsor, granted by Garter and Clarenceux
18 June 1839, to D. C. Rogers-Harrison and his descendants: Quarterly,
I & IV. Quarterly, (1 & 4) Harrison as above; (2 & 3) or, a crown vallary
gules between 3 stags tripping proper (Rogers); II & III. Argent, a lion with
2 tails sable (Owen). Crests: (1) for Harrison, as above; (2) for Rogers:
On a crown vallary or a stag tripping proper with a trefoil vert on the
shoulder. Motto: Absque Virtute Nihil.
37. WILLIAM HENRY WELDON (1880). See Clarenceux (40).
38. WILLIAM ALEXANDER LINDSAY (1894). See Clarenceux (42).
39. ALGAR HENRY STAFFORD HOWARD (1919). See Garter (31).
40. ALFRED TREGO BUTLER, M.V.O., M.C., F.S.A.
Portcullis, pat. 19 July, salary from 16 July 1926.
Windsor, pat. 6 February, salary from 29 January 1931.
B. Hornsey 8 October 1880, second s. of Robert Frederick Butler; Clerk
to H. F. Burke when only 17, soon became his right-hand man and continued as his Secretary till Burke's death. Portcullis 1926; F.S.A. 1927;
Windsor 1931; Genealogist of the Order of the Bath 1930 and of the Royal
Victorian Order 1938. Citizen and Glazier of London; member of Council
of Harleian and British Record Societies and of Croft Lyons Committee of
the Society of Antiquaries.
Perhaps the foremost genealogist of his generation with great capacity for
business. During Second World War carried on almost single-handed many
activities at the College which must otherwise have ceased. D. in London
on 22 December 1946.
Arms: Argent, on a chief indented sable 3 covered cups or.
Crest: On a torse argent & sable a vine fructed proper supported by
2 eagles argent. Motto: Je Sers (Bookplate).
41. RICHARD PRESTON GRAHAM-VIVIAN, M.V.O., M.C.
Bluemantle, pat. 27 March, 1933, salary from 24 December 1932.
Windsor, pat. 30 January 1947, salary from 22 December 1946.
B. 10 August 1896, second s. of Sir Richard James Graham, Bt., of
Netherby, Cumberland; educ. Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge;
Lieutenant K.R.R.C. in First World War. Married 1921 Audrey Emily,
dau. of Major Henry Wyndham Vivian, and assumed additional name of
Vivian by R.L. 6 November 1929. Bluemantle 1933; Windsor 1947; Earl
Marshal's Secretary 1954–61; M.V.O., 1961.
Arms: Quarterly in a border engrailed azure & with a crescent gules over
all; (1 & 4) or, on a chief sable 3 escallops or (Graham); (2 and 3) or, a fess
checky azure & argent with a chevron gules in chief (Stuart). Crest: 2 wings