REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON ROMAN LONDON.
The Committee appointed to inquire into, and make an Inventory of, the
Roman monuments of the County of London, having now completed its
investigations, begs to report to the Commission as follows:—
1. With the assistance of the Staff of the Royal Commission, we have prepared
a volume on the structural remains of Roman London which were recorded or
otherwise known prior to the end of 1927. We have further noted such of the
non-structural finds as throw some special light on the history and development of
the Roman city. We have also prepared and selected the necessary photographs
and drawings to illustrate this volume.
2. The volume consists of Introduction, Inventory and Appendices. The
sources of our information are indicated under each entry in the Inventory, and
those of the illustrations reproduced in the volume are further specified in the List
of Illustrations (p. iv). Information previously unpublished is followed by the
initials of the member of the Committee responsible for the record.
3. The special nature of the subject has induced us to follow the general plan
adopted by the Commission in the description of the Roman Monuments of
Colchester (Essex iii).
4. Our thanks are due to the following persons, not on our Committee, who
have contributed sections on particular subjects:—Mr. G. F. Hill, M.A., Litt.D.,
LL.D., F.B.A., F.S.A., Keeper of Coins and Medals in the British Museum, for the
Appendix dealing with the Roman coins of London; and Mr. Guy Parsloe, M.A., of
the Institute of Historical Research, for the Appendix dealing with the site of the
5. Our thanks are further due to the following persons who have materially
assisted us in our researches:—Mr. Reginald A. Smith, B.A., F.S.A., Keeper of the
British and Mediaeval Antiquities in the British Museum; Mr. Felix Oswald, D.Sc,
F.S.A.; Mr. H. J. Melliss, B.A., A.M.Inst.C.E., F.G.S.; Mr. D. A. J. Buxton, M.A.,
F.S.A.; Mr. William Martin, LL.D., F.S.A.; Mr. F. C. E. Erwood, F.S.A.; Mr. J. L.
Douthwaite, Chief Librarian to the City of London; Mr. J. F. Coldwell, of the City
Engineer's Office; Professor H. E. Butler, M.A.; Mr. H. Dewey, F.G.S.;
Miss E. Jeffries Davies, M.A., Reader in the History and Records of London in the
University of London; Sir George Macdonald, K.C.B., LL.D., D.Litt., F.B.A.;
Mr. R. C. Bosanquet, M.A., F.S.A.; Mr. F. Lambert, M.A., F.S.A.; and Mr. D.
Montgomerie, F.S.A., a member of the Commission.
6. We also wish to thank the British Museum, the Society of Antiquaries of
London, the London and Middlesex Archæological Society, and the Haverfield
Bequest Committee for the loan of blocks; and the Society of Antiquaries of
London, the Guildhall Library, the Royal Archæological Institute, the British
Archæological Association, and the Illustrated London News for permission to
reproduce illustrations from their publications or original drawings in their possession.
7. We wish to point out that the following structural relics of Roman London
are still visible:
(1) Town Wall, Wardrobe Tower and adjoining
section of Wall (pp. 83 and 99).
(2) Town Wall, section standing in Trinity
Place (p. 83).
(3) Town Wall, section in Cooper's Row (p. 83).
(4) Town Wall, section in Roman Wall House
(5) Town Wall, and bastion (wall only visible)
under and adjoining All Hallows' Church
(pp. 86 and 103).
(6) Town Wall, in St. Alphage's Churchyard,
London Wall (p. 90).
(7) Bastion, in St. Giles' Churchyard (p. 104).
(8) Town Wall, between St. Botolph's Churchyard, Aldersgate, and the General Post
Office (p. 91).
(9) Town Wall, and the Bastion in yard of
General Post Office (pp. 91 and 104).
(10) Town Wall, fragment at back of Warwick
Square (p. 92).
(11) Thames Street, Lower, building with hypocaust under the Coal Exchange (p. 142).
(12) Brick pier under shop at corner of Gracechurch
Street and Central Avenue (p. 127).
(13) Walling under No. 50, Cornhill (p. 115).
Of these we recommend Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 11 as especially worthy of
8. We wish in conclusion to express our thanks to Mr. R. E. Mortimer Wheeler,
M.C., D.Lit., F.S.A., Honorary Secretary of our Committee, for the extremely able
and thorough way in which he has discharged the duties of his office.
R. G. COLLINGWOOD (Chairman).
M. V. TAYLOR.
FRANCIS W. READER.
T. DAVIES PRYCE.
A. W. CLAPHAM.
J. P. BUSHE-FOX.
R. E. MORTIMER WHEELER,
9th February, 1928.
ROYAL COMMISSION ON THE ANCIENT AND HISTORICAL MONUMENTS AND CONSTRUCTIONS OF ENGLAND.
REPORT TO THE KING'S MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY.
1. May it please Your Majesty.
We, the undersigned Commissioners, appointed to make an Inventory of the
Ancient and Historical Monuments and Constructions connected with or illustrative
of the contemporary culture, civilization and conditions of life of the people in
England, excluding Monmouthshire, from the earliest times to the year 1714, and to
specify those which seem most worthy of preservation, humbly submit to Your
Majesty the following Report on the Monuments in Roman London, being the
Eleventh Interim Report on the work of the Commission since its appointment.
2. We tender to Your Majesty our respectful thanks for the gracious message
which accompanied Your Majesty's acceptance of our Inventory of the Monuments
3. We have to record with great regret the death of our colleague Sir John
Francis Fortescue Horner, a Knight Commander of Your Majesty's Royal Victorian
Order, and an original member of this Commission.
4. Owing to the exceptional character of the research required to determine
the extent and nature of the occupation of Roman London, we felt it necessary in
connection with the present Inventory to devolve a large part of our duties on experts
from outside. At the same time, we placed our Investigating Staff entirely at their
disposal, and we are glad to report that on our invitation the following authorities
on the varied aspects of Roman London as disclosed by the visible or reasonably
authenticated finds in connection therewith, placed their services freely and
unrestrictedly at the disposal of Your Commissioners.
5. Under Mr. R. G. Collingwood, a Referee to the Commission on Roman
Monuments, as Chairman, and with Dr. R. E. Mortimer Wheeler, Keeper of the
London Museum and likewise a Referee on Roman Monuments, as Secretary, a
Committee was formed consisting of Mr. J. P. Bushe-Fox, Mr. A. W. Clapham
(Technical Editor to the Commission), Mr. W. Page (a Commissioner), Mr. T.
Davies Pryce, Mr. Francis W. Reader, Miss M. V. Taylor, and Mr. Quintin
Waddington. They were desired to report on the structural remains of Roman
London, as recorded or otherwise known prior to the end of 1927, and to take note
of such of the non-structural finds as might throw light on the history and
development of the Roman City.
6. The unanimous Report which they have presented to us precedes immediately
this our Report and has been accepted by us in its entirety. So great indeed
is its value in our opinion that we humbly submit it to Your Majesty as the considered Report of your Commissioners, and, at the same time, we wish to recognize
our special indebtedness to Mr. Collingwood, Dr. Wheeler, Mr. A. W. Clapham,
Mr. T. Davies Pryce, Dr. G. F. Hill and Mr. G. Parsloe, for the important contributions
for which they are individually responsible, as well as to our investigators,
Mr. J. W. Bloe and Mr. P. K. Kipps, for the photographs and drawings which
illustrate the text.
CRAWFORD & BALCARRES (Chairman).
J. G. N. CLIFT.
E. J. HORNIMAN.
ARTHUR J. EVANS.
C. HERCULES READ.
M. R. JAMES.
D. H. MONTGOMERIE.
C. R. PEERS.
GEORGE H. DUCKWORTH,
19th April, 1928. Secretary.