24 CROSTHWAITE AND LYTH (C.f.)
(O.S. 6 in. (a)XXXVII, S.E., (b)XXXVIII, N.W.,
(c)XXXVIII, S.W., (d)XLI, N.E., (e)XLII, N.W.)
Crosthwaite and Lyth is a large parish on the W.
border of the county 5 m. S.W. of Kendal. Cowmire
Hall, Pool Bank and Spout House are the principal
c(1). Parish Church of St. Mary stands in the
N.E. part of the parish. It was re-built in 1878 and
the tower in 1885, but retains from the older building
Fittings—Font: In churchyard—octagonal bowl
with moulded underside, 15th or early 16th-century.
Plate: includes cup and cover paten of 1567 (York),
with an engraved band round the bowl.
Cowmire Hall, Crosthwaite and Lyth
a(2). Bowland Bridge (Plate 26), over the river
Winster 2 m. S.W. of the church, is a rubble structure
of one span. The arch is segmental and has been
widened on the S.E. side. The earlier part may date
from the 17th century.
a(3). Cowmire Hall (Plate 21), over ¾ m. S.E. of (2), is
of three storeys; the walls are of rubble and the roofs
are slate-covered. The pele-tower, which forms the
W. wing of the present house, was built probably in
the 16th century when it belonged to the family of
Briggs. The main block of the house was added
probably by Richard Fleming at the end of the 17th
century. The pele-tower (22 ft. by 17 ft. externally),
appears to have had a staircase in the N.E. angle and
there is a garde-robe projection at the N.W. angle.
In the N. wall, at the first-floor level is an original
window of four round-headed lights in a square head;
above is a similar window of three lights. The S.
wall has a similar four-light window in both the upper
floors. Inserted 17th-century windows on the N.
light the later staircase. The tower has a later gabled
roof with chimney-stacks, each having two conjoined
cylindrical shafts. Inside the tower, the ground-floor
rooms have each a plain barrel-vault and the rooms
above have exposed ceiling-beams. The main block
of the house has a symmetrically designed E. front;
the windows are of two transomed lights with solid
frames. At the S. end is a chimney-stack, similar to
those described above. Inside the main building, the hall
has a stone fireplace (Plate 41) with a vine-pattern border
and a round panel on the lintel with the arms of
Fleming. The late 17th-century staircase has turned
balusters and square newels with ball terminals and
turned pendants. There are some panelled doors of
the same age. Adjoining the house on the W. and
to the N.E. of the house are outbuildings, probably
of early 18th-century date. The gate-piers with ballterminals, E. of the house, are probably of the same
d(4). South House (Plate 24), Pool Bank, 1,000 yards
S.S.E. of (3), is of two storeys; the walls are of rubble
and the roofs are slate-covered. It was built late in the
17th century on an L-shaped plan with the wings
extending towards the S. and E. The N. front has
an original doorway with moulded jambs, the moulding carried up to form an embattled ornament on the
lintel (Plate 30), which also bears the initials and date I.
and K.H. (Hartley) 1693; the door is studded with pegs,
simulating nail-heads. On the first floor is a window
of six lights with solid frame, wooden bars and original
lead-glazing. The W. part has a series of original
stone windows of two transomed lights. On the E.
side of the S. wing is a further series of similar windows,
mostly of three lights; the doorway has chamfered
jambs and an ogee-headed sinking on the lintel; the
door is similar to that on the N. Inside the building
are some exposed ceiling-beams, muntin and plank
partitions of the local type and some 17th-century
panelled doors. The kitchen has an original fireplace
with moulded jambs and flat three-centred arch. The
room above has a modelled plaster panel over the
fireplace (Plate 52) with foliage sprays, lion and unicorn,
fleurs-de-lis, beasts and the initials and date I. and C.H.
South House. Pool Bank Crosthwaite and Lyth
d(5). North House, Pool Bank, 50 yards N. of (4),
is of two storeys with attics; the walls are of rubble
and the roofs are slate-covered. It was built probably
in the 17th century and heightened in the 18th century
and a block added on the E. Some 18th-century
windows, with solid frames, remain, and inside the
building are some doors and a fireplace of the same
period with a corbelled head. There is also a twostage cupboard of the local type, with enriched upper
panels, pendants and fascia.
e(6). Flodder Hall, 2¼ m. S.S.E. of the church, is
of two storeys with attics; the walls are of rubble
and the roofs are slate-covered. It was largely re-built
early in the 17th century, but may incorporate parts
of an earlier building, as indicated by the roof of the
S. wing and a cupboard with linen-fold ornament on
the door. The chimney-stacks have cylindrical shafts.
Inside the building is a cupboard with the initials and
date I. and M.K. 1711 and T.A.K. and I.M.K. on the
drawers. A fireplace in the parlour has a beam
inscribed "1606 Tobias Knipe."
b(7). Spout House, 700 yards N.N.W. of the church,
is of two storeys with attics. The walls are of rubble
and the roofs are slate-covered. It was built probably early in the 18th century and has been little
altered. Some original windows remain with solid
frames and mullions. Inside the building are a
number of original panelled doors and cupboards,
also a small cupboard with the initials and date T.A.M.
1709. The staircase has turned balusters and square
newels; a pair of dog-gates with wavy slat-balusters
are not now fixed.
The following monuments, unless otherwise described, are of the 17th century and of two storeys;
the walls are of rubble and the roofs are slate-covered.
Some of the buildings have exposed ceiling-beams.
Condition—Good or fairly good, unless noted.
c(8). High Cartmel Fold, cottage, 300 yards S.S.E.
of (7), retains an original window with solid frame
c(9). Cottage, 520 yards E. of the church.
b(10). Nook House, 800 yards W. of (7), is probably
of early 18th-century date.
b(11). Mirk House, 320 yards W.S.W. of (10), was
built probably early in the 18th century.
c(12). Strickland Tenement, house at Tarnside, over
¾ m. W.S.W. of the church, was built early in the
18th century and contains a small cupboard with the
initials and date T. and E.R. 1714. There are some
doors of the same age and a staircase with turned
balusters and square newels.
c(13). Mireside, house, ¼ m. S.E. of (12).
c(14). Mireside Cottage, 70 yards E. of (13), has an
early 18th-century front door with a fleur-de-lis in
plaster over the doorway.
c(15). Esp Ford, house, ¼ m. S.W. of the church,
was built probably early in the 18th century and contains small cupboards with the initials and dates L.
and A.T. 1705 and I. and D.M. 1707, respectively.
There is also a two-stage cupboard of the same period
with an enriched and projecting top-rail. A small
stone bridge N.W. of the house may be of the same
c(16). Cottage, E. of Moss Side and 740 yards S.E.
of the church, contains an iron fire-back with the
royal Stuart arms and the date 1627.
c(17). Fell Side, house, 1,200 yards S. of the church,
has been heightened.
c(18). Durham Bridge, house, ¼ m. S.E. of (17),
contains a small cupboard with an enriched door.
c(19). The High, house, about ¾ m. S.W. of the
church, contains some refixed panelling; on the
framing are the initials and date W.R. 1691.
a(20). Low Birks, house, 1,150 yards W. of (19),
retains two original windows with solid frames and
some doors of the same age. A small cupboard bears
the initials and date A.B. (16)85.
a(21). Border side, house, 2 m. W.S.W. of the church,
has an original chimney-stack with a cylindrical shaft,
also some windows with solid frames. Inside the
building are original partitions with moulded muntins
and plaster infilling. There are also some original
doors and the timber and plaster cowl or flue of a
fireplace. A plaster panel over a fireplace has the
initials and date H.P. 1686.
c(22). Fell Edge, house, about ½ m. N.E. of (3),
retains two original windows. Inside the building is
a small door with the date and initials 1694 I. and
e(23). Rus Mickle, ¼ m. S.S.W. of (6), retains some