(O.S. 6 in. xiii. N.E.)
(1). Dwelling-house, remains, about ½ mile
S.E. of the church, and close to a small stream
which flows into the river Ouse. The site was
excavated in 1837–40 and possibly disturbed at
other times. The remains are those of a house
of considerable size, and the discoveries include
baths with leaden pipes, a large walled tank, two
tessellated pavements, flue-tiles and many smaller
objects. Coins found show that the house was
inhabited during the early years of the 4th century
A.D. One of the pavements has been placed in
the 'Queen's Temple' in Stowe Park (see Stowe).
(See Gentleman's Magazine, 1838, Part I., p. 302;
1841, Part I., p. 81; 1843, Part I., p. 303. Records
of Buckinghamshire, Vol. V., 1885, Part I., p. 355.)
Condition—Of structural remains, underground.
(2). Parish Church of St. Leonard, stands
about ¾ mile N.E. of Maids' Moreton Church, and
is built of limestone rubble; the roofs are tiled.
The Nave and part of the S. wall of the Chancel
are of mid 12th-century date; about the middle
of the 14th century the chancel was widened
towards the N., and probably also lengthened,
and the chancel arch was re-built. Late in the
15th century the South Porch was added. The
whole church was restored in the 19th century.
Architectural Description—The Chancel (19 ft.
by 15½ ft.) has, at the S.E. angle, a pilaster buttress
apparently of the 12th century, which has been
scraped and probably re-set. The 15th-century
E. window is of three cinque-foiled lights with
tracery in a two-centred head. There are no
openings in the N. wall. In the S. wall are two
windows; the eastern is of two uncusped pointed
lights in a pointed head; the opening is probably
of the 14th century, but the mullion and head are
modern and the jambs have been altered; the
western window is now of two small lights with
square heads, placed low in the wall, but the rear
arch is at the same level as that of the eastern
window: a small doorway, between the windows,
is of the 14th century, and has a pointed head with
an external label which has mask-stops, one carved
as the head of a man in a liripipe hood, the other
as the head of a woman in a wimple. The 14th-century chancel arch is two-centred and of three
chamfered orders; the innermost order rests on
moulded corbels carved with ball-flower ornament;
the jambs are square. The Nave (32½ ft. by 18 ft.)
has, in the N. wall at the E. end, a 14th-century
window originally of two lights with a quatrefoil
in a two-centred head, but the mullion and tracery
have disappeared, and all the stonework is much
defaced; the N. doorway, now blocked, has a
plain two-centred head of late 14th or early
15th-century date, but the plain jambs and imposts
are possibly of the 12th century. In the S.E.
corner are the stairs to the former rood-loft,
set in a small square projection and lighted by
one small loop; the stairs and both doorways are
complete. In the S. wall are two windows, the
eastern a single light, and much defaced, but
probably originally of the same date and design
as the N. window; the western window is of the
15th century, and of two trefoiled lights under
a flat head, with a deep external reveal: between
the windows is the 12th-century S. doorway, with
a moulded semi-circular head and a carved and
moulded label, partly cut back; the jambs are
square, with moulded imposts. In the W. wall is a
pointed light, of uncertain date and probably
altered from another shape; above it is a similar
window. The South Porch has a four-centred
entrance archway of two chamfered orders, and
of the 15th century. The Roofs are modern, but
four 14th-century corbels, carved as grotesque
heads, remain in the nave.
Fittings—Bells: one, now in nave—hung in
upper window in W. wall, probably 14th-century.
Brass: In chancel—to Edward Grenvile, 1661,
inscription and shield with arms, a cross with five
roundels thereon. Communion Table and Rails:
table with turned baluster legs, apron carved with
inscription recording donation by Samuel Wastel,
1633; rails moulded, with panelled posts and
turned balusters, mid 17th-century. Glass: In
chancel—in S.E. window, fragments, painted,
head of woman, and bones, early 16th-century.
Paintings: In nave—on N. wall, traces of texts,
probably 16th-century. Plate: includes cup and
cover paten of 1632, the cup having inscription and
date 1633. Piscina: In chancel—with cinque-foiled head, 15th-century. Pulpit: made up of
panelling, early 17th-century. Stoup: In S.
porch—E. of S. doorway, niche with four-centred
head, projecting semi-octagonal basin, partly defaced. Miscellanea: Nave—in N. wall, at W.
end, outside, near the ground, stone, with roughly
incised circle surrounding cross or saltire.
Condition—Fairly good, but with much ivy
which will soon cause damage.
(3). The Manor House, about 150 yards N. of
the church, is a large building of two storeys and
an attic; the walls are of squared stone rubble;
the roofs are tiled. It incorporates the remains
of a 17th-century house, said to have been built
c. 1640, but so much modern alteration and rebuilding has been done, that it is difficult to trace
the extent of the original work; the S.E. half
of the main block is apparently of the 17th century,
and the greater part of the N.W. half may be
also of that date. The S.E. front, facing the garden,
is divided into three bays by four sets of Doric
pilasters; two rain-water pipes have grotesque
heads of stone. In the middle of the main block
are two large chimney stacks with original square
plinths of brick, capped with stone; the shafts
Interior:—The library, in the E. corner of the
house, has an old chamfered beam in the ceiling.
The staircase, rising from the ground floor to the
attic in the N.W. half of the main block, is of
c. 1640, but possibly not in situ; it has a close
string, moulded handrail, turned balusters and
square panelled newels with moulded urn-shaped
finials, surmounted by balls and pierced pendants.
Condition—Good, very much altered.