ROYAL COMMISSION ON THE ANCIENT AND HISTORICAL
MONUMENTS AND CONSTRUCTIONS OF ENGLAND
Report to the King's Most Excellent Majesty
May It Please Your Majesty.
We, the undersigned Commissioners, appointed to make an Inventory of the Ancient
and Historical Monuments and Constructions connected with or illustrative of the
contemporary culture, civilization and conditions of life of the people in England, excluding
Monmouthshire, from the earliest times to the year 1714, and to specify those which seem most
worthy of preservation humbly submit to Your Majesty the following Report on the Monuments
of the City of Oxford, being the Nineteenth Report on the work of the Commission since its
2. We desire humbly to submit to Your Majesty our deep feelings of loyalty and devotion
to Your Majesty on Your Accession, and we gratefully acknowledge our re-appointment to continue the important and enduring task which Your Majesty's predecessors entrusted to us.
3. We desire to place on record the great loss which the Commission has suffered through
the death of Mr. Mill Stephenson, F.S.A., who for very many years acted as the Commission's
Referee on monumental brasses and other matters. We further desire to record our regret at
the death of Sir John Cotterell who served as a Commissioner during the survey of the County
of Hereford of which he was Your Majesty's Lieutenant. We also desire to place on record our
appreciation of the long and valued services of Mr. J. W. Bloe, O.B.E., F.S.A., the Commission's
Chief Investigator, who retired in May, 1937.
4. We have pleasure in reporting the completion of our inquiries into the City of Oxford,
an area containing 293 monuments within the existing boundaries of the city.
5. Following our usual practice, we have prepared an illustrated volume containing a full
Inventory of the monuments in the City, which, under the advice of the Lords Commissioners of
Your Majesty's Treasury, will be issued as a non-Parliamentary publication.
6. The order of describing the monuments has been varied in this volume, as the normal
arrangement under parishes was found to be impracticable. The monuments will thus be found
grouped under the headings of University Buildings, Colleges, Ecclesiastical and Secular buildings. The detailed Inventory is introduced by the usual Sectional Preface.
7. As in previous volumes, the description of monuments have been referred for revision
to the heads of each college, the incumbents of each parish, and to the principal owners of
domestic buildings, and we are satisfied that no important monument dating from the earliest
times to the year 1714 has been omitted.
8. Our special thanks are due to Dr. A. D. Lindsay, C.B.E., Vice-Chancellor of the
University, the heads of the Colleges, to the Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Oxford, to the
incumbents of the various parishes, and to the owners of houses for valuable assistance in our
We are furthermore indebted to the Oxford Committee of the Victoria County History;
to the Rev. H. E. Salter, D.Litt., F.B.A., for reading the proofs, to Mr. E. T. Leeds, F.S.A.,
Dr. H. H. E. Craster, F.S.A., Dr. R. W. T. Gunther, Dr. H. W. Garrod, C.B.E., F.B.A.,
Mr. J. N. L. Myres, F.S.A., Mr. W. A. Pantin, F.S.A., Mr. D. B. Harden, Mr. A. H. M. Jones,
and Mr. T. Harold Hughes, F.R.I.B.A., for their valuable co-operation and assistance. We are
particularly indebted to Mr. Greening Lamborn for reading the proofs of the volume, for much
valuable assistance in heraldic matters and for many suggestions and emendations; as also to
Mr. J. H. Harvey for providing us with copies of certain extracts from original documents.
9. We humbly recommend to Your Majesty's notice the following monuments in Oxford as
"especially worthy of preservation":—
(1) The Bodleian Library, dating from the 15th
(2) The Sheldonian Theatre, built 1664–9
from the design of Wren.
(3) The Old Clarendon Building, built 1711–
13 from the design of Hawksmoor.
(4) The Old Ashmolean Building, built
(5) The Botanic Gardens. Gateways, built
1632–3 from the designs of Nicholas
(6) All Souls College, dating from the 15th
century. Chapel, Old Library, etc.
(7) Balliol College, dating from the 15th century. Old Hall, Library and glass.
(8) Brasenose College, dating from early in the
16th century. Hall, Chapel, Gatehouse,
(9) Christ Church with the Cathedral, the
latter dating from the 12th century. Great
Quadrangle, Hall, Cathedral, Cloister,
Peckwater Quadrangle, etc.
(10) Corpus Christi College, dating from early
in the 16th century. Hall, Chapel, Cloister,
(11) Exeter College, dating from the 15th century. Hall, Gatehouse, etc.
(13) Jesus College, dating from late in the 16th
century. Hall, Chapel, Principal's Lodging, etc.
(14) Lincoln College, dating from the 15th
century. Hall, Chapel, Kitchen, etc.
(15) Magdalen College, dating from the 15th
century. Hall, Chapel, Bell-tower, Founder's Tower, Cloister, etc.
(16) Merton College, dating from the 13th century. Chapel, Mob Quadrangle, Fellows'
(17) New College, dating from the 14th century.
Hall, Chapel, Gatehouse, Cloister, Belltower, etc.
(18) Oriel College, dating from the 17th century.
Hall, Chapel, buildings of St. Mary's Hall,
(19) Pembroke College, dating from the Middle
Ages with the early 16th-century building
called Wolsey's Hospital, now the Master's
(20) The Queen's College, dating from late in the
17th century. Hall, Chapel, Library, etc.
(21) St. Edmund Hall, dating from late in the
16th century. Chapel, Hall, etc.
(22) St. John's College, dating from the 15th
century. Hall, Chapel, Library, Canterbury Quadrangle, etc.
(23) Trinity College, dating from the 15th century. Hall, Chapel, Library, etc.
(24) University College, dating from the 17th
century. Hall, Chapel, Gatehouse, etc.
(25) Wadham College, dating from early in the
17th century. Complete building of this
(26) Worcester College, dating from the 15th
century. Ranges of late mediæval cameræ.
(27) All Saints Church, entirely re-built in
(32) St. Giles Church, dating from the 12th
century, with much 13th-century work.
(34) St. Mary the Virgin, dating from the 13th
century, with 14th-century spire and 15th-century nave and chancel.
(36) St. Michael, dating from the 11th century;
with late 13th-century glass.
(38) St. Peter in the East, dating from the 12th
century, with Crypt and vaulted chancel.
(44) Iffley Parish Church, dating from the
12th century, with 13th-century extension
to the chancel.
(50) The Castle, mound, tower and crypt dating
from the 11th century.
(51) The City Wall, dating from the 13th
century and earlier.
(54) Mitre Hotel. 13th-century cellar, superstructure mostly c. 1631, with 18th-century
(63) Nos. 86–7 High Street. Early 17th-century
(64) No. 90 High Street. House of c. 1625,
with ceilings and overmantels.
(69) Nos. 106 and 107 High Street. Remains of
Tackley's Inn with vaulted cellar, of early
(74) No. 126 High Street. 15th-century house
with 17th-century front.
(78) Kemp Hall. Timber-framed house of c. 1637.
(79) Beam Hall, Merton Street. 15th and early
(81) Postmaster's Hall, Merton Street. House
of c. 1600.
(102) No. 103 Cornmarket Street. 15th-century
house, with 16th-century paintings.
(103) Golden Cross Hotel. House with 15th-century N. wing and 17th-century S. wing.
(122) Vanbrugh House. 17th-century house, with
an early 18th-century front.
(124) Frewin Hall. Mediæval and later house,
with remains of St. Mary's College.
(152) Littlemore Hall, 82–3 St. Aldates. 15th
and early 17th-century house.
(154) The Old Palace, St. Aldates. House
mainly of c. 1628.
(183) Judge's Lodging. Stone house of 1702.
(247) Stone's Almshouses. Stone building of
(258) Iffley Rectory. 13th-century and later
10. We offer our grateful thanks to Mr. O. G. S. Crawford, F.S.A., for supervision of
descriptions of Earthworks, to Dr. Tancred Borenius, F.S.A., for advice as to the attribution
of pictures, and to Mr. H. B. Walters, O.B.E., F.S.A., for the revision of the description of Bells.
11. We desire to express our acknowledgment of the good work accomplished by our
Executive Staff in the persons of Mr. J. W. Bloe, O.B.E., F.S.A., Mr. E. A. R. Rahbula, O.B.E.,
M.C., F.S.A., Mr. G. E. Chambers, F.S.A., Mr. A. T. Phillips, M.C., F.S.A., Mr. J. Charlton,
Mr. A. R. Dufty, Mr. R. W. McDowall, Miss V. M. Dallas, and Mr. F. T. A. Power, M.C.
12. The next Inventory of the Commission will deal with the monuments of the County of
Dorset, in respect of which Your Majesty's Lieutenant, Lord Shaftesbury, is now a member of
13. Our Secretary, Mr. Clapham, has recently completed twenty-five years' service with the
Commission. We gladly take this opportunity of cordially acknowledging the value we attach
to his personal collaboration and likewise our regard for his technical experience and intuitions,
upon which we always rely with confidence.
CRAWFORD & BALCARRES (Chairman).
J. G. N. CLIFT
D. H. MONTGOMERIE
E. V. LUCAS
E. E. DORLING
A. HAMILTON THOMPSON
A. W. CLAPHAM (Secretary).