15. BULMER. (F.b.)
(O.S. 6 in. (a)vi. S.W. (b)xii. N.W. (c)xii. S.W.)
Bulmer is a small parish and village, about 2 m.
W. of Sudbury. The principal monument is
b (1). Parish Church of St. Andrew, stands
near the middle of the village. The walls are of
flint and pebble rubble with dressings of limestone
and clunch; the roofs are tiled. The Nave was
built possibly in the 12th century, but no detail
of that date remains. The Chancel was rebuilt
in the first quarter of the 14th century, possibly
on the site of a former chancel and central tower;
a N. vestry was probably added at the same time;
c. 1330 the North Aisle was added and the
chancel-arch rebuilt. Probably early in the 15th
century the West Tower was built. At some
uncertain date, but possibly in the 18th century,
the N. vestry was pulled down. The church was
restored in the 19th century, and the South Porch
The early 16th-century roof of the chancel
and the 15th-century font are noteworthy.
The Church, Plan
Architectural Description—The Chancel (45 feet
by 21½ feet) has a moulded internal string-course
of the 14th century, much restored. The E. window is
apparently all modern, except the internal splays,
the rear arch and part of the external jambs, which
are of early 14th-century date. The N. wall has
two external buttresses, both repaired or rebuilt
with 18th-century bricks and probably marking
the position of the former vestry; the W. half of
the wall has a 14th-century moulded external
string-course; there are two windows in the W. half
of the wall, both of early 14th-century date, slightly
restored, and each of two trefoiled lights with a
plain spandrel under a two-centred head. E. of the
windows is a 14th-century doorway, now blocked,
with chamfered jambs and two-centred arch;
the rear arch is on the outer face of the wall;
further E. and visible externally is an opening,
about 8 feet from the ground, probably a doorway,
with jambs of late 16th or 17th-century bricks,
and now blocked with bricks, possibly Roman.
In the S. wall are three windows similar to
those in the N. wall, but with trefoiled
spandrels, and externally almost entirely restored. Between the two eastern windows is a
doorway almost entirely modern, except the 14th-century internal splays and rear arch. The early
14th-century chancel-arch is two-centred and of
two chamfered orders; the responds have attached
semi-octagonal shafts with plain bases and moulded
bell-capitals, much restored.
The Nave (42 ft. by 21 ft. at the E. end, and
19½ ft. at the W. end) has an early 14th-century N.
arcade of three bays, with two-centred arches of
two chamfered orders; the columns are octagonal,
and the responds have attached half-columns, all
with plain bases and moulded capitals. In the
S. wall are two early 16th-century windows, slightly
restored, and each of three cinquefoiled ogee lights,
with a transom also cinquefoiled, and vertical
tracery in a two-centred head; the jambs and
label are moulded. Further W. is the early
14th-century S. doorway with jambs and two-centred arch of two moulded orders; the label
The North Aisle (8½ ft. wide) has, in the E. wall,
one window, in the N. wall, two windows, in the
W. wall one window, each of the 15th century,
and of three cinquefoiled lights with tracery in
a segmental-pointed head; the window in the E.
wall, the eastern in the N. wall, and that in the
W. wall, are externally almost entirely modern;
the western window in the N. wall has modern
mullions. W. of the windows in the N. wall is
the early 14th-century N. doorway, now blocked;
it has chamfered jambs and two-centred arch;
above it, externally, is a line indicating the former
existence of a small porch. At the S.E. angle
is a 15th-century rood stair-turret, with a plain
doorway which has a four-centred head.
The West Tower (10½ ft. by 9¼ ft.) is of the
15th century, and of two stages with an embattled
parapet and a plinth of flint and stone checkerwork. In the E. wall of the ground stage is an
early 14th-century doorway, converted into an
archway when the tower was added; it has
chamfered jambs and two-centred arch, and
the rear arch faces the nave. In the S. wall
is a modern window. The W. window, now in
the second storey of the ground stage, is of two
rectangular lights, probably of the 17th century.
The lower storey of the second stage has, in the
W. wall, a plain loop. The bell-chamber has, in
each of the E., N. and S. walls, a 15th-century
window of two cinquefoiled lights with a quatrefoil
in a two-centred head; the label is moulded. In
the S. wall is a similar window, but with uncusped
lights and varied tracery; it is almost entirely
covered with modern cement.
The Roof of the chancel is of early 16th-century
date, and of six bays with moulded timbers;
the trusses have collar-beams with curved braces
below them forming a pointed arch, with traceried
spandrels and a carved pendant at the apex; at the
feet of the braces are figures of angels surmounted
by moulded canopies and holding shields, or
instruments of the Passion; the N. wall-plate is
carved with running foliage, but that on the S. is
Fittings—Bells: four; 2nd by Henry Pleasant,
1707. Font: (see Plate, p. xxix.) octagonal, bowl
with embattled rim and moulded and carved lower
edge, four sides with angels holding plain shields,
one side cusped with a shield—a bend impaling
a border engrailed, other sides with foliage, a face,
etc., panelled stem and moulded base, 15th-century. Glass: In chancel—in spandrel of
eastern window in N. wall, shield of Waldegrave
differenced with a border gules, probably 14th-century; in western window in S. wall—two
shields, (a) checky or and azure a fesse ermine,
much restored, (b) or a sleeve gules, 14th-century,
in spandrel, a rose, 16th-century. Monuments
and Floor-slabs. Floor-slab: In porch—to Mary,
wife of William Brage, 1700, Frances, 1698, and
Elizabeth, 1697, their daughters, with shield of
arms. Painting: On N. respond of chancel-arch
—remains of red paint. Piscinæ: In chancel—
in range with sedilia, double, with cinque-foiled
heads, Purbeck marble shaft having moulded
capital and base between each bay of range, early
14th-century, sill modern; in N. wall, outside,
originally in former vestry, with chamfered jambs
and two-centred head, probably 14th-century.
Pulpit: hexagonal, on carved central post, sides
with raised panels, one having the inlaid initials
I.H.S., etc. probably early 18th-century. Sedilia:
in range and uniform with piscina, labels and
horizontal outer label moulded, 14th-century.
Miscellanea: In chancel—on internal jambs of
E. window, two incised Consecration Crosses
surrounded by circles. In nave—in E. wall, N.
of chancel-arch, moulded stone Corbel, probably
for former rood-beam, probably 13th-century,
Condition—Fairly good, but some cracks in
walls of chancel.
a (2). At Smeetham Hall, about ¾ m. N. of
the church; the S.W. side has been destroyed.
b (3). At Clapp's Farm, Bulmer Tye, ¾ m.
S.S.E. of the church.
c (4) Butler's Hall, about ¾ m. S.S.W.
of the church. The house is of two storeys,
timber-framed and plastered; the roofs are covered
with tiles and slate. It was built in the second
half of the 16th century, on a modified H-shaped
plan with the cross-wings on the E. and W. On
the E. side is a 17th-century addition of one storey.
There are two chimney-stacks; that on the W. is
original and has grouped diagonal shafts; that
on the E. is of the 17th century and of L-shaped
Interior—On the ground floor the middle room
has original moulded ceiling-beams, wall-plates
and chamfered joists. In the W. wing, the S.
room has chamfered ceiling-beams and wall-posts
and in the W. wall is an old blocked window;
the N. room, now divided, has moulded ceilingbeams and chamfered wall-posts. In the E. wing
is a passage with moulded ceiling-beams, and at
the N. end is a window with old lead-glazing and
remains of a strap-hinge. In the 17th-century
addition is a heavy chamfered beam from which
the braces have been removed; the timberframing and joists are also exposed. On the first
floor, the middle room has moulded ceiling-beams
and shaped wall-posts; on the E. wall is some
original panelling with a carved frieze, and the
panelled door is original. In the E. wing, the S.
room has a panelled door, and some panelling
similar to that in the middle room, with a carved
frieze of different design; on the E. side of the
wing are two blocked windows with diamond-shaped mullions.
b (5). The Laurels, house, 320 yards N.N.E. of
the church, is a late 18th-century structure built
round a 16th-century chimney-stack. The original
chimney-stack has six attached octagonal shafts,
covered with cement.
The following monuments, unless otherwise
described, are of the 17th century, and of two
storeys, timber-framed and plastered; the roofs
are tiled or thatched. Some of the buildings
have original chimney-stacks, wide fireplaces
and exposed ceiling-beams.
Condition—Good, or fairly good, unless noted.
b (6). Cottage, 240 yards N.W. of the church, on
the N. side of the road, has modern outbuildings
at the back.
b (7). Grigg's Farm, house and barn, ¼ m. W.
of the church. The House was built early in
the 17th century on a rectangular plan; later
in the same century a wing was added extending
N.W. from the S.W. end, making the plan
L-shaped. There are modern additions on the
N.W. side of the original building. The original
roof is half-hipped at each end.
The Barn, N.E. of the house, is of six bays.
b (8). Upper Houses, range of three tenements,
about ¾ m. S.W. of the church, with a modern
addition at the back.
b (9). Tyecorner Farm, house, 1 m. S. of the
church, has an early 18th-century wing at the W.
end of the S. side. The original central chimney-stack has grouped diagonal shafts.
Condition—Bad, plaster defective, and some
floors rotten; ivy on front of house.
b (10). Jenkins Farm, house, at Bulmer Tye,
nearly 1 m. S. of the church, was built probably
in the third quarter of the 16th century, but has,
at the back, an 18th-century wing and a modern
addition. On the E. front the upper storey
projects and is supported by curved brackets, and,
at the S.E. angle, by a post with a moulded top;
the timber-framing is exposed and has modern
brick nogging. At the N. end the timber-framing
and nogging are modern. The original chimney-stack has six octagonal shafts on a rectangular base.
Condition—Much ivy on the walls.
Bumpstead, see Helion Bumpstead and