23. EPPING. (C.c.)
(O.S. 6 in. 1. S.W.)
Epping is a parish and small town 6 m. W. of
Chipping Ongar. The only monument of importance is Coopersale House.
(1). Between the main road and the railway,
near the brickworks 1 m. N.E. of the parish church,
two parallel walls about 20 ft. long, 2 ft. high
and the same distance apart, returning at one end,
are recorded to have been found (Essex Arch.
Soc. Trans., N.S., IV., 222). Inside the angle
was a quantity of charcoal above a layer of flint
stones, and further up the channel was a bed of
very hard concrete-like substance. The walls
incorporated roofing-tiles, broken flue-pipes and
paving bricks. This may have been the flue of a
kiln or may have belonged to a dwelling-house
(see Sectional Preface, p. xxix).
(2). Coopersale House, nearly 1 m. E. of the
church, is of three storeys; the walls are partly
of brick and the whole house is plastered; the
roofs are tiled. The N.E. wing was built c. 1670–80
as an addition to an earlier house which was entirely
remodelled early in the 18th century. At the same
time the N.E. wing was altered to conform with
the later work. Two large bays on the S. side and
some additions on the W. side are modern. The
N.E. wing has late 17th-century mullioned and
transomed windows, but the rest of the building
has 18th-century sash-windows. The whole house
has a modillioned eaves-cornice with a pediment
on the E. side of the main block.
Interior—On the ground floor, a room used as a
Chapel has a late 17th-century painted plaster
ceiling representing William III. casting out
Popery, and various allegorical figures, cherubs,
urns, etc. On the first floor, a room over the
entrance hall has a 17th-century overmantel with
two enriched panels formerly divided by pilasters,
of which the middle one remains and is carved
with a terminal figure supporting an Ionic capital
and having a shield of Archer on the pedestal;
flanking the fireplace are diminishing pilasters,
fluted horizontally and standing on panelled
pedestals. A room in the N.E. wing is lined with
late 16th or early 17th-century panelling and has a
fireplace (Plate p. 247) flanked by fluted Ionic
pilasters with a richly carved shelf and an overmantel of two bays divided by carved diminishing
pilasters and supporting a rich entablature; the
bays have each two arched heads with a pendant
between them. On the second floor a room has
panelling of c. 1600 and a mid 17th-century
overmantel (Plate p. 247) with enriched strapwork
and a cartouche carved with a figure-subject,
possibly the Judgment of Paris. Another room
has a 17th-century ceiling-beam carved with
arabesque ornament. A staircase is of early
17th-century date with turned balusters.
Condition—Good, much altered. The N.E. wing
now being destroyed and fittings removed.
The following monuments, unless otherwise
described, are of the 17th-century and of two
storeys, timber-framed and plastered or weather-boarded; the roofs are tiled. Several buildings
have original chimney-stacks and exposed ceiling-beams.
Condition—Good, or fairly good, unless noted.
(3). House and post office at Coopersale Street
320 yards S. of (2), was built late in the 16th
century and has an early 17th-century addition
at the S.W. corner. The upper storey projects at
the E. end and the original chimney-stack has
attached diagonal shafts.
(4). House, two tenements, 160 yards W.N.W.
High Street, N.W. side
(5). House, nearly ¾ m. S.W. of the church,
was built probably early in the 16th century
with a cross-wing at the N.E. end. The upper
storey projects at the S. end of the cross-wing.
(6). House, 180 yards N.E. of (5), has an original
chimney-stack with diagonal shafts. Inside the
building, the staircase has late 17th-century
(7). Duke of York Inn and shop, 50 yards N.E.
of the church.
(8). House and shop, 230 yards N.E. of (7).
(9). Black Lion Inn, 60 yards N.E. of (8).
(10). Sun Inn and shops, nearly opposite (9),
has an original chimney-stack with grouped
(11). House and shops, 150 yards S.W. of (10),
was built probably in the 16th century and has a
cross-wing at the E. end.
(12). White Swan Inn, 20 yards S.W. of (11),
has a modern front and an original chimney-stack with grouped diagonal shafts.
(13). White Lion Inn, 50 yards S.W. of (12),
was built in the 16th century. The upper storey
projects at the W. end of the N. front. Inside
the building are two original fireplaces with
moulded jambs, four-centred arches and sunk
spandrels; there is also an original doorway
with a four-centred head and a moulded beam.
Two rooms have 17th-century panelling, with some
(14). House, now three tenements, 220 yards
S.W. of (13), has an original chimney-stack with
grouped diagonal shafts.
(15). Duke of Wellington Inn, 220 yards S.W.
(16). Cottage, two tenements, 170 yards S.W.
of (15), is of L-shaped plan with the wings extending
towards the E. and S.
(17). Battles Hoppit, three tenements, 100 yards
E.S.E. of (15), has an original chimney-stack with
grouped diagonal shafts.
(18). House on the S.W. side of Lindsey Street,
½ m. N.E. of the church. The upper storey
projects at the S. end.
(19). Mounds, possibly tumuli, S. of Eppingbury and about 1 m. N.W. of the church. A
bowl-shaped mound with a slight ditch and a
second mound S.W. of it.