(O.S. 6 in. viii. N.W.)
(1). Parish Church, dedication unknown,
stands on rising ground about two miles N.E.
of Baldock. It is completely covered with
plaster inside and cement outside; the dressings
are of stone; the roofs are tiled. The Nave
was built in the 12th century, the Chancel re-built late in the 14th century, and in the 15th
century all the windows were altered, a staircase to the rood-loft was built, and a small
Turret added at the W. end to give access to the
bells. The South Porch is of the 18th century.
Architectural Description—The Chancel
(25½ ft. by 14½ ft.) has an E. window of three
cinque-foiled lights with tracery and a transom:
the N. wall has a small 14th-century doorway in
it, and two windows with cinque-foiled lights
and square heads, one of two lights, the other
a single light set low in the wall; in the S. wall
is a similar window of two lights, and a window
of three cinque-foiled lights with a four-centred
head. The 14th-century chancel arch is of two
moulded orders with shafted jambs. The Nave
(31 ft. by 21½ ft.) has three windows, N., S., and
W., each of two cinque-foiled lights with square
heads. The N. doorway is blocked and covered
with cement; the 12th-century S. doorway has
been re-built; it has a slightly pointed head with
roll-moulding, shafted jambs and scalloped
capitals, all much restored. The N.E. angle of
the nave is cut off by the wall of the newel
staircase to the rood-loft, of which the steps and
doorways remain. The Turret, with newel
stairs to the bell-cot, is half-octagonal.
Fittings—Communion Table and Rails:
plain, early 17th-century. Font: octagonal,
basin carved with the heraldry of the Passion,
the stem with angels, 15th-century. Glass: in
the nave windows, fragments, 15th-century.
Monuments: in N. wall of chancel, tomb niche
with moulded drop-arched head, 14th-century.
Piscina: in chancel, with moulded, pointed
head, 14th-century. Pulpit: modern, incorporates a few traceried heads from a 15th-century screen. Rood Screen, still in situ, with
traceried panels, closed below and open above,
and a carved and moulded cornice; 15th-century; the loft and canopy are missing. Royal
Arms: on cornice of rood screen, a small carved
achievement, late 17th-century. Seating: some
poppy-head bench ends, 15th-century. Miscellanea: fixed to the pulpit, a wrought iron
hour glass stand, 17th-century: in the churchyard, ancient stone coffin.
Condition—Fairly good, though the window
tracery has been considerably repaired with
cement, and the ivy growing outside is likely
to do much damage in the future.
(2). Bygrave House (Manorial works).
These earthworks stand on the saddle of a
detached pair of hills situated N. of the main
escarpment of the Chiltern Hills, on the 300 ft.
contour and S. of the parish church.
They cover about 17 acres and consist of a
series of inner and surrounding enclosures,
defended by ditches without ramparts. The
innermost enclosure covers about ¾ of an acro
and is defended by a wet ditch forming three
sides of a square, the N. side having been filled
in. Beyond this are the remains of an irregular
five-sided moat, wet at the N.W. and N.E.
corners, and with parts of the N. and W. sides
missing: it encloses about 3¾ acres with a ditch
from 3 to 7 ft. deep and 20 ft. wide, and is
nearly traversed by a low bank 3 ft. high.
Beyond again, on the W. side, is a triangular
outwork with a ditch, of which only the S. side
remains, 7 ft. deep and 20 ft. wide; and on the
E. side are traces of a large outwork extending
as far as a valley running N. and crossed by
the track of a road 200 ft. from the E. boundary
and parallel with it.
Dimensions—Greatest length, S. side, about
1,170 ft.; N. side, about 1,000 ft.
Condition—Fairly good; the N.W. angle and
much of the N. side have been altered by the
construction of a modern house and garden.