25. ELLINGTON (B.d.).
(O.S. 6 in. (a)XVII S.W., (b)XXI N.W.)
Ellington is a parish and village, 5 m. W. of
Huntingdon. The church is the principal monument.
a(1). Parish Church of All Saints stands in
the village. The walls are of rubble with some
pebble and have some plaster on the W. tower
and clearstorey; the dressings are of Barnack and
Ketton stone. The roofs are covered with lead,
slates and tiles. The chancel-arch, some re-used
material of the chancel and the re-set N. doorway
of the N. aisle are of 13th-century date. The main
building, W. of the chancel, was, however, re-built
late in the 14th and early in the 15th centuries.
The West Tower was the first part of this work
undertaken and is of late 14th-century date.
The N. and S. arcades of the Nave and the North
Aisle and North Porch followed c. 1400, but the
former early 14th-century S. aisle was apparently
left standing until late in the 15th century when the
clearstorey was added and the South Aisle was
re-built. Parts of the E. and W. walls of the former
S. aisle and the lower part of the S. wall were
retained when the aisle was re-built. The South
Porch was added early in the 16th century. In
1863 the Chancel was re-built, the spire was restored
in 1899 and the nave roof in 1907–8.
The church, W. of the chancel, is a good example
of the architecture of the period and the roofs,
though considerably restored, are noteworthy.
Architectural Description—The Chancel (34¾ ft.
by 18 ft.) is modern, but a certain amount of old
material has been incorporated in the new building.
The E. window is of four lights in a two-centred
head; it has been re-built and the tracery is modern,
but most of the jambs, splays and mullions are of
late 13th-century date, the latter being shafted
and having original capitals carved with 'stiff-leaf' foliage, and moulded bases. In the N. wall
are three windows, the easternmost has some old
stones re-used in the jambs, the second window
is modern and the westernmost is transomed and
of two cinque-foiled lights with a quatrefoil in a
four-centred head with a moulded label, mostly
of late 15th-century date. In the S. wall are three
windows; the sill and the jamb-stones in the
easternmost are old; the second window is modern
and the westernmost is of 15th-century date re-set
and restored; it is of two cinque-foiled lights with
a quatre-foiled spandrel in a four-centred head;
the window is transomed and the lower W. light
forms a 'low-side'; it is rebated for a shutter
and retains two old hinge-hooks. The re-set late
13th-century S. doorway has been slightly restored;
it has a two-centred head of two richly moulded
orders with a moulded label and mask-stops;
the jambs are shafted, the inner shaft being attached
and the outer free; both shafts have moulded
capitals and damaged bases. The late 13th-century chancel-arch is two-centred and of two
chamfered orders, the outer hollow-chamfered and
continuous with a moulded stop at the base and the
inner carried on attached shafts with carved
'stiff-leaf' capitals and moulded bases; the S.
respond has on the E. side a small attached shaft
with a moulded base; the shaft only rises to a
height of about four feet, above which it appears
to have been broken off.
The Nave (48¼ ft. by 18½ ft.) was re-built c. 1400
and has N. and S. arcades, each of four bays with
two-centred arches of two moulded orders with a
moulded label towards the nave, carried up above the
apex of each arch in a small ogee head and stopping
against the moulded string-course below the clear-storey windows; the piers are of four grouped
shafts separated by hollow chamfers and have
moulded capitals and slightly damaged bases; at
either end of each arcade the outer order of the
arch is continuous and the inner order is carried on
an attached shaft with moulded capital and base
similar to those of the piers; the label over the
easternmost arch of the N. arcade has a carved
head-stop, and on the S. arcade, at the E. end, the
label abuts against the projection containing the
former rood-loft staircase; at the W. end it has a
carved head-stop. Across the S.E. angle of the
nave is a projection containing the former rood-loft
staircase; in the lower part is a blocked doorway
with chamfered jambs and four-centred head;
in the upper part, which is corbelled out, are the
sill and one jamb of the upper doorway. The
clearstorey has on each side a range of four 15th-century windows, each of three cinque-foiled lights
in a four-centred head with moulded external
reveals and label. The walls have embattled
parapets, and, on each side, three carved gargoyles.
Ellington, the Parish Church
of All Saints
The North Aisle (10¾ ft. wide) has a moulded
plinth and embattled parapet with carved gargoyles
on the string. The E. window is of three cinque-foiled lights with vertical tracery in a four-centred
head with a moulded label and carved head-stops;
internally the two southernmost lights have been
damaged. In the N. wall are three similar windows;
the easternmost has carved head-stops, the middle
window has carved beast-stops, and the westernmost window has carved head-stops, but the
mullions and tracery are mostly modern; the N.
doorway is of mid 13th-century date re-set and has
a two-centred arch, with deeply undercut mouldings
and a moulded label; the moulded jambs have one
free and two attached shafts with moulded capitals
and bases. The W. window is similar to the E.
window and has carved beast-stops.
The South Aisle (12 ft. wide) was largely re-built
in the 15th century, but incorporates parts of the
walls of an earlier aisle. It has embattled parapets
with three grotesque gargoyles carved on the string-course. The E. window is of three cinque-foiled
lights in a four-centred head with moulded external
reveals and label, and has the splays on the inside
carried down to form a recess below the sill. In
the S. wall are three similar windows, the westernmost of which has carved head-stops to the label;
the 14th-century S. doorway has moulded jambs
and a two-centred head with a moulded label;
behind the second buttress, just above the ground,
is a moulded arch, now blocked; it was probably
an external tomb-recess. In the W. wall is a
window similar to that in the E. wall.
The West Tower (11¾ ft. by 10½ ft.) is of late
14th-century date. It has a moulded plinth and is
of three stages surmounted by an octagonal
broach-spire rising off a moulded cornice, below
which is a frieze of quatre-foiled panels. The tower-arch is two-centred of two chamfered orders on the
E. side and five on the W., the innermost order is
carried on attached half-round shafts with moulded
capitals; the second order is continuous and the
three outer orders on the W. spring off the side
walls of the tower; above the arch on the E. face
towards the nave is a moulded weathering marking
the slope of an earlier and low-pitched roof to the
nave. The ground-stage of the tower has, just
below the first floor, carved head-corbels in the
N.E., N.W., and S.E. corners supporting a moulding
across each angle, from which rise moulded ribs,
incomplete but suggesting the intention to vault
the ground-stage. The W. doorway has jambs
and two-centred arch of two moulded orders with
a moulded label and much decayed stops; in the
splays are slots for a draw-bar. The W. window is
of two trefoiled lights with a quatrefoil in a two-centred head with a moulded label and head-stops.
The second stage has in the W. wall a similar but
smaller window. The bell-chamber has in each wall
two coupled windows, each of two transomed lights,
the lower quatre-foiled and the upper trefoiled with
a quatrefoil in a two-centred head with a moulded
label and head-stops; all the tracery in the W.
window and some of that in the N. window has
been restored. The spire has three tiers of spire-lights; the lowest and topmost windows are on the
cardinal faces of the spire and the middle windows
are on the alternate faces. The windows of the
first two tiers are each of two trefoiled lights with
a quatrefoil in a gabled head and the top windows
are each of a single trefoiled light in a gabled
The North Porch has a low-pitched embattled
gable with the stump of a cross at the apex and the
remains of crocketed pinnacles at the angles; at
the angles of the string below the parapet are carved
beast-gargoyles. The moulded plinth is continued
round from the N. aisle and on the front faces of the
plinth of the diagonal buttresses, are sunk quatre-foiled panels. The outer archway has moulded
jambs and a two-centred arch in a square head
with moulded labels, beast-stops and carved foliage,
including a wheat-ear, in the spandrels; above the
head of the archway is a small niche with shafted
jambs, a projecting ogee head, crocketed and
finialed, a groined soffit and a carved bracket
below. The side walls have each a window of two
trefoiled lights in a four-centred head with a
moulded label and head-stops; both mullions
The South Porch was added early in the 16th
century, and has an earlier apex-stone re-set on
the gable. The outer archway has a two-centred
arch of two chamfered orders with a moulded label
and carved beast-stops; the outer order is continued down the jambs and the inner is carried on
semi-octagonal attached shafts with moulded
capitals and bases. Above the arch is a small niche
with chamfered jambs, a four-centred head and
a much weathered bracket. The side walls have
each a partly restored window of two cinque-foiled
lights with a quatrefoil in a four-centred head with
a moulded label and weathered head-stops on the
E. side only.
The Roof of the nave (Plate 46) is of
15th-century date, though considerably restored,
and in four bays with moulded and carved
braces forming two-centred arches below the
principal-rafters; these are moulded and have
embattled collars just above the head of the
arched braces; the ridge and purlins are
moulded and each bay is sub-divided by a
secondary principal-rafter, moulded and having
at the foot a carved angel with outspread wings;
one of the angels is modern and most of the
wings have been restored and each figure holds
a book, nails, etc., or has the hands in prayer or
folded across the body; behind the braces to the
principal-rafters are moulded wall-posts and at
the foot of each is carved a figure, probably of
an apostle; at the meeting of the braces are carved
pendant-bosses of (a) a mask, (b) a figure holding a
mitre and with the body curved back over the boss;
(c, d and e) bearded heads. The pent-roof of the
N. aisle is of the 15th century and divided into four
bays by moulded principal-rafters supported by
curved braces springing from moulded wall-posts
on the N. wall, with carved figures of saints holding
staff, scroll, etc.; each bay is sub-divided by
moulded rafters with a large carved angel at the
foot of each holding (a) a harp; (b) an organ;
(c) a gittern; (d) a fiddle; the angels had large
spreading wings, but these have now been broken
off; at the meeting of the principal-rafters with
the purlin are carved bosses all foliated except the
westernmost one, which bears an angel; at the
meeting of the principal-rafters with the S. wall-plate are carved bosses of (a) a swan; (b) a carved
device; (c) foliage; (d) a rose; (e) and (f) each a
half-angel holding a shield; (g) and (i) each a man's
face; (h) foliage; the purlins and S. wall-plate
are moulded. The roof of the S. aisle is similar to
that of the N. aisle, but the braces at the E. end
and between the third and fourth bays are missing
and the purlins and principal-rafters in the third
bay are not moulded; the carved figures below
the braces are much damaged; the angels below
the intermediate principal-rafters have (a) a scroll
inscribed with much damaged 'black-letter'
inscription—"Maria . . ."; (b) hands in
prayer; (c) hands folded across breast; the N.
wall-plate, except to the W. half of the westernmost bay, is not moulded and on it are only two
carved bosses, one foliated and one a mask; the
bosses on the purlin are carved with an angel
holding a shield with the letters I H C, foliage
and two masks.
Fittings—Bells: four, 1st by R. Chandler,
1699; 2nd by John Walgrave, inscribed in
'black-letter' "Vox Augustini sonet in Aure
Dei," 15th-century; 3rd probably by John
Danyell, inscribed in 'black-letter' "Sancta
Margareta ora pro nobis," 15th-century. Bell-frame old, with cages for four bells. Chests:
In S. aisle—at W. end, (1) hutch-type, of oak, with
four panels on front, one at each end, shaped
brackets below bottom rail and plain lid, three
locks, early 17th-century; (2) hutch-type, of oak,
with three panels on front with enriched mouldings,
two panels on each end and three on lid; top rail
with slight inlay-enrichment at each end, and
inscribed letters 'E.L.,' late 16th- or early 17th-century. Coffin and Coffin-lid. Coffin: In S.
aisle—at W. end, found under E. end of S. aisle
when present organ was erected, shaped for head
with roughly carved cross-shaped drain in middle
and two draining holes on either side of bottom,
probably 13th-century. Coffin-lid: Re-used as
coping stone on churchyard-wall by S. entrancegate, coped, probably 13th-century. Font: octagonal, with sides of bowl panelled, five with quatre-foiled panels, three with four trefoils set saltire-wise;
underside of bowl is moulded with concave curve
to stem; stem cut down, but has at angles semi-hexagonal buttresses, moulded base and square
plinth, 15th-century. Glass: In N. aisle—in
tracery of head of E. window, fragments of yellow
and ruby. In W. window, fragments of ruby.
Painting: In nave—over chancel-arch, faint
traces of painting, probably a Doom. Piscinae:
In chancel—in modern rectangular recess, with
sex-foiled drain, early 14th-century. In S. aisle,
re-set, with chamfered jambs and ogee head
with moulded label and square drain, 14th-century. Plate: includes a late 17th- or early
18th-century pewter plate. Stoup: In N. porch—
in E. wall, curved on plan with broken cinque-foiled
and square head with sunk spandrels and bowl
broken off flush with wall, probably 15th-century.
Miscellanea: A small embossed leather box,
5 in. by 3 in., inscribed in 'black-letter' on
lid "Jhesus Maria." Rebuilt in W. wall of
chancel, S. of S. respond, part of gable-stone
with foliated top, 13th-century. Rebuilt in
S. wall of chancel, on outside, fragments including a small square stone carved with spiral
ornament; a stone carved with a foliated end,
13th-century. In churchyard, re-set in form of a
table-tomb, several lengths of quatre-foiled panels
with two moulded and coped stones as top;
panelling similar to that forming frieze at top of
W. tower, and may be portions of original work
taken down and re-used when tower was restored.
In W. tower, old thatch-hook with iron ring at lower
end and two iron handles.
Ellington, Plan Showing the Position of Monuments.
The Churchyard-wall on the S. side is built of
rubble and is probably of mediæval date.
Condition—Good generally, but W. wall of
a(2). Homestead Moat, N.E. of Red Lodge and
250 yards E.N.E. of the church.
b(3). Homestead Moat, N. of Thorpe Lodge
and nearly 1 m. S.S.W. of the church.
The following monuments, unless otherwise
described, are of the 17th century and of two
storeys, timber-framed and plastered; the roofs
are tiled or thatched. Some of the buildings have
original chimney-stacks, open fireplaces and exposed
Condition—Good or fairly good, unless noted.
Main Road. N. side
a(4). College Farm, house 280 yards N.N.W. of
the church, has a modern wing on the E. side.
The eaves on the W. side have a plaster cove.
Inside the building there is a moulded wall-post
at the top of the staircase. In the yard is the
springing-stone of a 14th- or 15th-century stone
a(5). Cottage (Plate 73), three tenements, 80
yards N. of the church, was built in the 16th
or early in the 17th century, and is of L-shaped
plan with the wings extending towards the N.W.
a(6). Cottage, two tenements, 40 yards E.S.E.
of (5), has been refaced with brick. Inside the
building are some original moulded ceiling-beams.
a(7). House, 90 yards E. of (6), is of L-shaped
plan with the wings extending towards the W. and
N. There are later and modern additions on the
N. and W.
a(8). Cottage, 60 yards N.E. of (7).
a(9). Cottage and shop, 60 yards N. of (8).
a(10). Cottage, formerly the Wheatsheaf Inn,
50 yards N. of (9), has a later addition at the N. end.
a(11). Cottage, opposite and N.E. of (10).
a(12). Cottage, N. of (11), has, inside the building,
a panelled door of c. 1700.
a(13). Red Lodge, house 200 yards E.N.E. of the
church, was built c. 1700 on a half H-shaped plan
with the wings extending towards the S. The
N. and W. fronts have a moulded eaves-cornice
and all the roofs are hipped.
a(14). Cottage, 100 yards E. of the church.
a(15). Old Mermaid Inn, 50 yards N. of the
church, has an 18th-century addition on the W.
a(16). Cottage (Plate 71), 260 yards N.N.W. of
the church, is of L-shaped plan with the wings
extending towards the S. and W. There is an
early 18th-century addition on the W. The upper
storey projects at the N. end of the E. front.
a(17). Brook House, 30 yards N.W. of (16), has
extensive modern additions in front.
Ellington Thorpe. W. side
a(18). Cottage, two tenements, 820 yards S.S.W.
of the church, was built probably early in the 18th
a(19). Cottage, four tenements, S.W. of (18).
b(20). Cottage, two tenements, 190 yards S. of
(19), was built probably early in the 18th century.
b(21). House, W. of (20), has, inside the building,
parts of an old dresser with moulded shelves and
b(22). Cottage, 80 yards S.E. of (21).