27 GANAREW (D.e.)
(O.S. 6 in. LIV, S.W.)
Ganarew is a parish on the right bank of the Wye, 7 m.
S.W. of Ross. Little Doward Camp is the principal
(1). Parish Church of St. Swithin, was entirely
re-built in 1850, but the churchyard contains the following:—
Fitting—Monument: S. of chancel, to Henry Fisher,
1710, and Anne his wife, 1710, headstone.
Little Doward Camp at Ganarew
(2). Little Doward Camp, on the top of Little
Doward Hill, ½ m. E.S.E. of the church, is of the hilltop type, with a steep fall in all directions, especially
on the S. towards the River Wye. The area with the
defences is about 26 acres not including the outwork on
the N.W. which is probably modern. The earthworks
were considerably damaged early in the 19th century
when the owner formed paths through the ramparts
and is said to have replaced an outer rampart on the
N.W. by the straight bank leading to an iron viewtower. The camp now consists of an oval enclosure
with a rectangular annexe towards the S.E. The oval
portion is surrounded by a double embankment with
a medial ditch, except on the S. side where the steep
slope made only a single bank necessary; the double
embankment turns outward at the N.W. angle indicating
the former existence of an outer enclosure on this side.
The rectangular annexe is only defended by a natural
outcrop of rock on three sides; it is divided from the
main camp by a track which is partly sunk. There are
four entrances—(1) at the N.W. angle where the
rampart is prolonged; (2) on the N.E. angle where
the oval and rectangular parts of the camp meet; the
rampart here is turned inwards on the S.E. side; (3) at
the corresponding point on the other side of the rectangular annexe there are traces perhaps indicating
another entrance; (4) at the S. angle of the annexe an
entrance has been cut through the rock, but this may
possibly be modern. Within the oval area are a well
and a series of mounds as follows, (1) round and 42 ft.
in diam., 4 ft. high and with traces of a surrounding
ditch; (2) round and 34 ft. in diam., 4½ ft. high and
with traces of a surrounding ditch; (3) rectangular,
33 ft. by 27 ft. and about 2½ ft. high with traces of a
surrounding ditch; (4) rectangular, 39 ft. by 36 ft. and
2½ ft. high with traces of a ditch; (5) rectangular, 39 ft.
by 18 ft. and about 2 ft. high; S.E. of it is a sinking
about 5 ft. deep (6); (7) faint traces of a mound 21 ft.
in diam. and 9 in. high in the middle; (5) and (6) are
Condition—Ramparts much damaged.