39 KINGTON RURAL (A.c.)
(O.S. 6 in. (a)X, S.W., (b)X, S.E., (c)XVII, N.W.,
(d)XVII, N.E., (e)XVII, S.W., (f)XVII, S.E.,
Kington Rural is a parish surrounding Kington
town, except on the E. side. Castle Twts and Hergest
Court are the principal monuments.
e(1). Castle Twts, mount and bailey earthwork,
1¼ m. S.W. of Kington church, occupies the top of a
small irregularly shaped hill, the slopes of which appear
to have been artificially steepened to some extent.
The S. part of the top appears to have been roughly
levelled to form a bailey, with a small motte at its S.
end. At the foot of the bailey-scarp on the N.W. is a
small irregular terrace with traces of a bank on its W.
side. The N.E. part of the hill-top is sloping, and
there are indications of an approach-causeway on the
E. side. The motte is some 57 ft. in diameter at the
base and rises some 8 ft. only above the level of the
bailey. The area within the defences is little over half
e(2). Hergest Court, house, outbuilding and moat,
nearly 1¼ m. S.W. of the church. The House is of
two storeys with cellars and attics; the walls are
partly of stone and partly timber-framed and the
roofs are slate-covered. It was the seat of the Vaughan
family and is said to have been built c. 1430 for Thomas,
second son of Sir Roger Vaughan, on the site of an
earlier house; the Welsh bard, Lewis Glyn Cothi, describes the court as having eight strong buildings.
About the middle of the 18th century the dilapidated
parts of the building with subordinate buildings to
the S. were demolished. The existing house forms
an L-shaped block with the wings extending towards
the S.W. and S.E. The S.W. wing has exposed and
close-set timber-framing, probably of the 15th century,
on the whole of the N.W. side (Plate 31). The
other sides have been refaced. The S.E. wing is a
stone structure perhaps of mediæval date; in the angle
between the wings is a stone-built projection containing
a doorway with chamfered jambs and two-centred
head. Inside the building are some exposed ceiling-beams. The kitchen, in the S.E. wing, has a stone
fireplace of c. 1500, with moulded jambs and four-centred head; above it is a later moulded shelf. In
the S.W. wing is a considerable amount of late 16th or
early 17th-century panelling, that in the S.W. room
having a frieze, with lozenge-enrichments. A room
on the first floor is also partly lined with early 17th-century panelling with a frieze of enriched panels.
The early 17th-century staircase (Plate 73) has flat
shaped and pierced balusters, square moulded newels
with shaped terminals and moulded handrails. On
the first floor of the S.E. wing is a blocked mediæval
window with a chamfered sill and a moulded wooden
cornice. There are also remains of 16th-century
The Outbuilding, S.W. of the house, is of two storeys;
the walls are of stone and the roofs are slate-covered.
It was probably built in the 14th century, but has been
reduced in height. In the E. wall is an original doorway with rounded jambs and segmental-pointed head.
There is a second doorway at the first-floor level, but
this has lost its original head, as have two windows, both
of which are now plain square-headed openings; a
third and smaller window retains its pointed head. The
W. wall has a large chimney-projection and a second
projection to the ground floor only, finished with a
moulded weather-course. In the upper storey are two
blocked windows, probably original, and two blocked
The house and buildings occupy the end of a long
and narrow spur of land, the slopes being in part artificially steepened. The river Arrow and a tributary
stream run along the S.E. side of the spur, and on the
N.W. side is a pool communicating by a channel at the
end of the spur with the tributary stream and forming a
Condition—Of house, good.
The following monuments, unless otherwise
described, are of the 17th century and of two storeys.
The walls are of stone and the roofs are slate or stonecovered. Many of the buildings have exposed ceiling-beams.
Condition—Good or fairly good, unless noted.
c(3). Upper House, Lower Hergest, 600 yards W.N.W.
of (2), is of L-shaped plan with the wings extending
towards the S.E. and S.W. It has been much altered
e(4). Upper House, Upper Hergest, nearly 2¼ m.
S.W. of the church, is timber-framed. The E. part
of the house is rather later in date than the main wing.
The framing is partly exposed.
e(5). Bank Farm, house, 280 yards E.S.E. of (4),
has modern additions on both sides.
e(6). Mahollam Cottages, house, now three tenements,
2 m. S.W. of the church. The S.W. wing is of
mediæval date and of five timber-framed bays divided
by crutch-trusses. The upper floor was inserted early
in the 17th century and at the same period the S.E. wing,
also timber-framed, was added. Some of the framing
is exposed. Inside the older wing is a 17th-century
staircase with moulded newels, and this wing has a
blocked window of two lights cut out of the solid.
Condition—Mostly good, but partly neglected.
e(7). Park Stile Mill, on the W. edge of the parish,
2½ m. S.S.W. of the church, was built probably early
in the 18th century.
e(8). Empton Farm, house (Plate 24), 700 yards S.E.
of (7), is timber-framed and has a cross-wing at the E.
end. The framing is exposed and is set diagonally in
the gable of the cross-wing. Inside the building are
three original doorways.
e(9). House, at Chickward, 1,050 yards E. of (8), was
built probably in the 16th century. Inside the building
are two original moulded beams.
e(10). Apostles Farm, house and stables, nearly
2¾ m. S. of the church. The House (Plate 25) is partly
timber-framed. The middle part is of mediæval date
and has two crutch-trusses incorporated in later partitions. In the 17th century an upper floor was inserted,
the building extended towards the E. and the W. cross-wing added. The upper storey projects at the N. end
of the cross-wing. Inside the building are some early
17th-century moulded ceiling-beams. The Stables,
N. of the house, are of mediæval origin, and of three
bays with crutch-trusses. An upper floor has been
g(11). Cross Farm, house, 350 yards S.S.W. of (10).
f(12). Pound Farm, house, about 1½ m. S. of the
church, is of mediæval origin and was originally
timber-framed. There are remains of five 14th or
15th-century crutch-trusses, some at any rate with
curved braces under the collar-beams and foiled
openings above them. One bay of the building is still
open to the roof.
f(13). Cottage, at Pembers Oak, 200 yards E. of (12),
was originally timber-framed, but has been refronted in
brick and stone.
f(14). Stables, formerly cottage, at Birches, nearly
2 m. S.S.E. of the church.
f(15). Lilwall Farm, house, over ½ m. N.N.E. of
(14), is partly timber-framed and of L-shaped plan with
the wings extending towards the W. and N. The
N. wing is of mediæval origin and retains one crutchtruss. An upper floor was inserted and the W. wing
added in the 17th century. Some timber-framing is
exposed. Inside the building, a room in the N. wing
is lined with early 18th-century panelling and the fireplace (Plate 53) has a moulded surround, shelf and
panelled overmantel; there is a similar fireplace in a
f(16). Cottage, on the E. side of the road at Woodbrook, 570 yards N.N.E. of (15), is partly of exposed
c(17). Held, cottage, 1,460 yards W.N.W. of the
church, was built late in the 17th or early in the 18 th
c(18). Dingle Cottage, ¼ m. N.N.E. of (17).
c(19). Wells Cottage, 360 yards E. of (18), is of late
17th or early 18th-century date.
c(20). Cottage, two tenements, on the N.E. side of a
lane, 550 yards N.W. of the church.
d(21). The Steps, cottage, at Floodgates, 420 yards
N.W. of the church. The middle part is of early 18th-century date with later extensions at both ends.
d(22). Newton Row, three cottages, 250 yards E. of
(21), were built early in the 18th century.
d(23). Quarry Farm, house and farm-buildings, 1,400
yards N. of the church.
d(24). The Rackway, cottage, 370 yards N.N.E. of
b(25). The Bower, house, about 1¼ m. N. of the
church, incorporates a timber-framed cottage now cased
a(26). Holywell (Plate 32), cottage, on the N. edge
of the parish, about 1½ m. N.N.W. of the church, is of
d(27). The Cluns, cottage, two tenements, nearly
1½ m. N.E. of the church, is timber-framed and partly
d(28). Rushock Farm, house, 260 yards S.S.E. of (27),
is of L-shaped plan with the wings extending towards
the N.E. and N.W. The house has been much altered
and added to.
d(29). Old House, 50 yards W. of (28), is timber-framed and of mediæval origin. The original building
is of three bays with crutch-trusses, collars and foiled
wind-braces. At the N.E. end is a 17th-century
d(30). Lower Barton, house, 1,160 yards N.E. of the
church, is timber-framed and plastered and has 18th-century and later additions.
d(31). Dunfield, house, about 1½ m. E.N.E. of the
church, is of L-shaped plan with the wings extending
towards the S. and W.
f(32). Mound, 1¾ m. S.E. of the church, is circular,
23 yards in diameter and rises 4–5 ft. above the surrounding ground. It is encircled by a dry ditch with
traces of an outer rampart on the W. and S. and an
outer enclosure on the N.W.
N.B.—For Offa's Dyke, see p. xxx.