47 LEOMINSTER OUT (D.c.)
(O.S. 6 in. (a)XII, S.W., (b)XII, S.E., (c)XIII, S.W.,
(d)XIX, N.W., (e)XIX, S.W., (f)XIX, N.E.,
Leominster Out is a parish surrounding Leominster
town except on the N. side. Wharton Court, Eaton
Hall and Ivington Camp are the principal monuments.
d(1). Homestead Moat at Lower Hyde, 3½ m. S.W.
of Leominster church.
e(2). Homestead Moat, 100 yards N. of Upper
Wintercott and 3½ m. S.S.W. of Leominster church.
Eaton Bridge, Leominster
b(3). Eaton Bridge, crosses the river Lugg ¾ m.
S.E. of Leominster church and is a stone structure of
three spans. It was built probably in the 16th century.
The middle arch was re-built and heightened, perhaps
when the bridge was widened towards the N. in the
18th century. The two lower side arches are original
and of semi-circular form with three square ribs on the
soffit. The piers have cut-waters both up and down
stream, but those on the N. side are largely involved in
the later widening. The original ashlar is preserved
in the lower half of the piers.
f(4). Wharton Court, house, outbuildings and
moat, nearly 2½ m. S.S.E. of Leominster church. The
House is of three storeys with attics and cellars; the
walls are of stone and the roofs are covered with stone
slates. It was built in the first half of the 17th century,
the slightly later porch being dated 1659; according to
Price (Account of Leominster) the house was built by
Richard Whitehall in 1604.
The house is of unusual type and plan, and the staircase is one of the finest in the county.
The W. front is symmetrically designed with stringcourses between the lower storeys and a central two-storeyed porch. Flanking the porch the lower windows
have been modernised but the openings are old and
have each a segmental relieving arch. The windows
above have moulded oak frames, transom and mullions
forming four lights, probably modern; against the
porch, which is cut back to avoid them, are two oval
panels each with four lozenge-shaped key-blocks. On
the second floor are two similar windows and also two
oval panels set over the walls of the porch, the flat roof
of which is approached by a central doorway. The
attic-storey has three small two-light windows, with old
moulded oak frames and mullions. The porch (Plate
116) has an elliptical-headed archway in each free face,
with key-stones bearing the initials and date R.L. 1659,
on the W. and the date only on the N. and S. The
W. arch is flanked by fluted columns on pedestals and
the other arches by fluted pilasters; the entablature is
carried round the porch. The inner entrance to the
house had moulded jambs, imposts, segmental arch
and pendant key-stone; it is fitted with a nail-studded
door with strap-hinges; flanking the outer entrance
and E. of the side arches, within the porch, are ornamental niches with fluted heads. The upper storey
of the porch has a window similar to those on the same
level of the main front; it is flanked by pilasters
supporting a second entablature carried round the
porch; the balustrade above is probably a modern
restoration; below the window is a carved panel
covered by creeper. In the side walls are blocked oval
windows. At the four corners of the house are
chimney-stacks with moulded cornices or strings. The
E. side or back of the house has windows generally
similar to those on the W. front, and some of them
retaining their original frames; in the middle of the
ground floor is a square-headed doorway with an
original moulded frame and a nail-studded door with
ornamental strap-hinges. The S. side has two windows
in each storey, with old openings but with modern
frames except perhaps those to the attics. The N. side
was probably similar, but there is a low addition against
the lower part; the windows of the second floor retain
their old frames and transoms but no mullions. The
roof is hipped at the angles and has a valley in the
middle; the eaves have a moulded cornice with carved
pendants at intervals.
Wharton Court, Leominster Out
Interior—The ceilings of the three main storeys have
original moulded ceiling-beams and many of the
original stone fireplaces remain in the angles of the
building; they have moulded jambs and flat four-centred heads. On the ground floor, the N.E. room
has a dado of original panelling and the N.W. room has
an early 18th-century cupboard, of semi-circular form
with a semi-domed head; the S. rooms are lined with
panelling partly original but made up with 18th-century
work; the partition, S. of the staircase, on this and the
floors above, appears to have been an open screen and
has moulded posts. The first floor has a little 17th-century panelling. On the second floor, the N.E. fireplace (Plate 51) retains one flanking pilaster with an
Ionic capital and an overmantel of three enriched arcaded
panels, with a range of panels above and below them,
all of early 17th-century date; the N. and E. walls are
lined with contemporary panelling and there are two
panelled doors; there is a little similar panelling elsewhere on this floor. The attic-floor has wall-posts
with moulded heads. The original staircase (Plate 145)
is of well-type with heavy turned balusters, moulded
hand-rails and strings; the square moulded newels have
tall finials elaborately carved with acanthus foliage and
pendants carved with bunches of grapes; the stair risers
are moulded; the lowest flight has been rearranged and
partly restored, but otherwise the staircase is unaltered.
The staircase to the attic-floor has turned balusters and
square newels with faceted terminals.
The Outbuilding, E. of the house, is of close-set timber-framing, but this appears to be old material re-used.
The range of farm buildings, N.W. of the house, is of
the 17th-century and timber-framed; it consists of a
barn of four bays, a two-storeyed stable and a singlestoreyed building of two bays at the S. end.
The Moat lies 70 yards E. of the house, and has a
very small rectangular island surrounded by a broad wet
Condition—Of house, good.
Eaton Hall, Leominster Out, Sketch Plan
f(5). Eaton Hall, house, outbuildings and bridge,
1 m. S.E. of Leominster church. The House is of two
storeys; the walls are of stone and timber-framing
and the roofs are slate and tile-covered. The property
belonged to the family of Hackluyt, and Leland records
that William Hackluyt, who was with Henry V at
Agincourt, built a house in the village. The existing
building, however, appears to date from about the
middle of the 14th century and consisted of a hall with
cross-wings at the E. and W. ends; of this the greater
part of the hall with the stone solar-wing at the W. end
survives, but the screens and the buttery-wing were
re-built probably in the 18th century. The extension
of this wing, towards the N., was made probably
early in the 15th century. At some uncertain period
the hall was divided into two storeys and the walls
faced with stone; the upper storey of the solar-wing
is also a later reconstruction of timber-framing. The W.
wing has, at the N. end, a blocked mediæval doorway
with chamfered stone jambs and segmental-pointed
head; in the W. wall is a window of two rectangular
lights, probably also mediæval. Inside the building,
the former hall (32 ft. long without the former screenspassage) has an original roof of two main bays, partly
concealed by later additions; the main truss (Plate 39)
has upper and lower collar-beams, the latter moulded and
with long curved braces, perhaps formerly carried down
to the ground floor, but now cut back about 3 ft. above
it; the upper collar-beam also has curved braces, and the
beams above are cut to form a trefoiled opening; each
bay has a subsidiary truss with a single upper collar-beam similar to that in the main truss. In the E. wall
is a spere-truss, formerly dividing the hall from the
screens; it rests on a pair of heavy posts or speres,
set 2–3 ft. within the side walls; the general arrangement is similar to that of the main truss, but the head
of the arch formed by the main braces is cut into the
tie-beam. The truss forming part of the W. wall has
plain upper and lower collars and below the latter are
studs and braces forming trefoiled ogee heads to the
wall-panels. The main purlins are moulded, and above
them are two ranges of foiled wind-braces, the lower
braces having pierced spandrels to the cusps. To the
W. of the main truss are traces of the former louvre
of the hall; on the W. of the former opening is a pair
of cusped trimmers or rafters resting on the upper
purlins and against which the upper wind-braces are
stopped. All the timbers are smoke-blackened. The
extension of the E. wing has some of its 15th-century
framing and ceiling-beams exposed; the roof is of
four bays with the middle truss incorporated in a
partition; the subsidiary trusses have curved braces
below the collars.
The Outbuilding, S.W. of the house, consists of a
17th-century cottage, now stables, and a barn. The
timber-framing is mostly exposed, and there is an
original chimney-stack with two brick shafts and
diagonal nibs on the outer faces; the barn is of
three bays. The outbuilding, S. of the house,
includes a 17th-century timber-framed barn of three
The Bridge, over the Lugg, S.W. of the house, is of
stone and of two spans with round arches and cut-waters
both up and down stream; it is of the 17th century or
earlier, but the parapets are modern. A stone garden
wall, running S. from the house, has remains of a gate
and a wall-recess with a four-centred head.
Condition—Of house, good.
d(6). Upper Hyde, house and moats, 3½ m. S.W. of
Leominster church. The House is of two storeys,
timber-framed and with slate-covered roofs. It has
been much altered, but the W. wing retains some exposed
timber-framing of the 17th century. Inside the
building, the staircase incorporates some turned 17th-century balusters.
The Moat, formerly surrounding the house, is
fragmentary, but about 50 yards N.W. of the house is a
small oval island surrounded by a wet moat.
The following monuments, unless otherwise
described, are of the 17th century and of two storeys,
timber-framed, and with tile, slate or stone-covered
roofs. Many of the buildings have exposed external
timber-framing and internal ceiling-beams.
Condition—Good or fairly good, unless noted.
d(7). Knoake's Court, house and outbuildings, 500
yards N.E. of (6). The House has an early 18th-century
front block of red brick, with earlier work in the E.
or back wing. The front block has a brick band
between the storeys and flush frames to the windows.
Inside the building the early 18th-century staircase
had straight strings, turned balusters and newels.
The Outbuilding, S.E. of the house, has a lower storey
of rubble. In the N. wall is a doorway and two two-light windows all with moulded frames; the heads of
the doorway and one window have the incised initials
T. W. Another window of two lights has square jambs
and a moulded mullion. Inside the building are some
original moulded ceiling-beams. Other old out-buildings include a weather-boarded cow-house and a
barn of five bays.
d(8). Upper House and outbuildings, at Ivington
Green, ¾ m. S.W. of Ivington church. The House
has been partly re-built in stone; it is of L-shaped plan
with the wings extending towards the W. and S.
The Outbuilding, S.W. of the house, has a lower storey
of rubble. The barn, S. of the house, is of six bays.
d(9). Lower House Cottage, ¼ m. N.E. of (8), was built
early in the 16th century. The lower storey is of
rubble and the upper has close-set timber-framing;
the roof has been covered with corrugated-iron. On
the S. side are the moulded projecting sills of two former
d(10). Ivington Court, house, 750 yards W. of Ivington
church, is of two storeys with attics. There is a
moulded early 16th-century beam in the re-built W.
part of the house, but the surviving E. cross-wing is of
17th-century date. The chimney-stack has attached
diagonal shafts of brick.
d(11). Chipp's House, 60 yards S. of Ivington church,
was perhaps built late in the 16th century. To this
date belongs the S. part of the house; the N. part is a
17th-century extension or rebuilding, and there is a
modern addition at the back. The S. chimney-stack
has three 17th-century detached shafts with projecting
nibs on the outward faces. Inside the building are
several doors of moulded battens, one fitted with
d(12). The Old Workhouse, 100 yards N.E. of Ivington
church, was formerly two cottages, of which the northern
appears to be the earlier.
d(13). Gatehouse (Plate 36), at Ivington Bury, 220
yards N. of Ivington church, consists of a stone lower
storey forming the entry, and probably of mediæval date,
and a timber-framed and gabled upper storey of early
to mid 16th-century date. In the S. wall is a blocked
window or opening with a segmental-pointed head, and
above it is a loop lighting the staircase to the upper
storey which is in the thickened S. wall. The ceiling of
the gateway has heavy chamfered beams and the upper
storey has close-set timber-framing, that in the gable
being set herring-bone fashion; the framing is plastered
externally. The two gables project on curved brackets.
d(14). Cottage, at Newtown, 720 yards N. of (13).
f(15). Barns, at Dishley Court, about 2,000 yards
S.W. of Leominster church, are both N. of the house
and are single-storey buildings of three bays forming
one range. The S. barn now has brick walls.
a(16). Cornhill Cop, house and outbuildings, 1¾ m.
W.S.W. of Leominster church. The House is mainly
of early 18th-century date but incorporates remains of
earlier building. The S. side is faced with brick. The
Outbuildings include a barn of three bays W. of the house,
a granary E. of the house, and a tallat S. of the house
with an open framed upper storey.
a(17). Stagbatch, house and outbuildings, 500 yards
S.W. of (16). The House (Plate 22) is of irregular plan
with wings extending towards the N., S.E. and W. The
N. wing dates from the 14th century and the S.E. wing
is a late 16th-century addition. The main W. wing is
of uncertain date but was much altered and heightened
in the 17th century and has a modern S. front. The
original N. wing has square framing, the N. bay being a
17th-century addition; the early part is of two bays with
a passage at the N. end; it retains portions of an original
crutch-truss with remains of foiling, but the collar and
tie-beams have been cut away. The S.E. wing has
close-set framing to the upper storey which projects
on two sides on curved brackets; the gable also
projects on shaped brackets.
The Outbuilding, N. of the house, includes a mediæval
barn (Plate 37) of four bays with crutch-trusses, from
which the tie-beams have been removed. N.W. of the
house is another outbuilding, probably once a 17th-century cottage. Other buildings show structural remains of the same date.
a(18). Cottage, 110 yards E. of (17), has a modern
extension on the E.
a(19). Outbuilding, formerly cottage and barn at
Stagbatch House, 100 yards E. of (18). The Cottage
has been much altered and added to. The Barn, N.E.
of the house, is of three bays.
a(20). Ebnall, house and barn, about 1½ m. W. of
Leominster church. The House is of stone with three
timber dormer-windows on the N. side; the middle
window is of three lights with moulded frame and
mullions and a moulded base-beam to the gable; all
three dormers have moulded and dentilled bargeboards and a pendant at the apex. The Barn, N.E. of
the house, is of three bays.
a(21). Cholstrey Court, house and barns, about 2 m.
W. of Leominster church. The House was originally
of T-shaped plan with the cross-wing at the E. end.
At a later date the cross-wing was extended towards the
N. and a wing added on the E. side. Inside the
building, the modern staircase incorporates some late
17th-century balusters, and there is a mediæval doorlintel re-used.
The Barn (Plate 37), S. of the house, is of four bays
and of mediæval crutch-construction, the S. bay being
probably a little later than the others. The upright
side-walls have framing in squares, with curved braces.
A second barn, S.E. of the house, is of the 17th century,
and of four bays.
a(22). Cottage, 20 yards S. of (21), is probably of
mediæval origin and has a late 17th-century wing on the
E. side and a modern re-built wing on the W.
a(23). Cottage, two tenements, 70 yards S.W. of (21),
was extended to the S. probably early in the 18th
century. The upper storey of the original building
projects slightly at the N. end and on the E. side on a
moulded bressummer. The original mullioned and
transomed windows have been reduced in size; the
doorway has a moulded frame. Inside the building
are remains of an early 18th-century staircase and a
wooden fireplace-surround of the same period.
a(24). St. Oswalds, house and barn, 40 yards W. of
(21). The House shows evidence of numerous enlargements in the 17th century. The original block was
L-shaped with the wings extending toward the N. and
E. To this was added a gabled wing in the angle and
itself running E. The N.W. wing was added later,
one part bearing the initials and date H.H. 1655.
There are extensive 18th-century additions in stone on
the S. and W. sides of the original block. The upper
storey projects at the end of the added 17th-century
E. wing on shaped brackets. The Barn, W. of the
house, is of three bays.
a(25). Cholstrey Lodge, house and barn, 60 yards
N.N.E. of (21). The House has been much altered.
The original building is incorporated in the N. angle
of the existing house and the end of the S.E. wing was
probably once a detached building. The Barn, S.W.
of the house, is of three bays.
f(26). Pigeon-house (Plate 26), at Broadward Hall,
about 1¼ m. S. of Leominster church, is a square two-storeyed building, gabled to the N. and S. and finished
with a hexagonal lantern with arched openings and
shaped angle-posts. On the door-lintel in the W. wall
is the burnt inscription H.H. 1652.
f(27). Broadward Lodge, house, opposite (26), is
modern except for the S. cross-wing, forming an
f(28). Cottage, on the E. side of the road at Elms
Green, 770 yards S.S.E. of (27).
f(29). Cottage, two tenements, N.E. of Wharton, and
280 yards S.W. of (4).
f(30). Cottage, on the E. side of the road, 170 yards
S. of (29).
f(31). Cottage, two tenements, on the W. side of the
road, 80 yards S.W. of (30).
f(32). Cottage, on the E. side of the road, 120 yards
S.S.E. of (31).
f(33). Outbuilding, N. of Brickhouse Farm at Brierley,
2 m. S. of Leominster church, has a modern metal roof.
f(34). The Cottages (Plate 22), house, now three
tenements, 70 yards S. of (33), has two gables at the
N.E. end of the front and exposed framing.
f(35). Barn, at Brierley Court, 140 yards W. of (34),
is of three bays.
f(36). Cottage, 50 yards N. of (35).
f(37). Cottage, 30 yards W.N.W. of (36).
d(38). Gott's Gardens, cottage, two tenements, ½ m.
S.E. of Ivington church, has been heightened.
d(39). Ivington Park, house, 680 yards S.S.W. of (38),
is of two storeys with attics. The W. wing of the house
only is old and has an original chimney-stack with four
grouped shafts with diagonal nibs on the outward
d(40). Cottage, at Park Gate, 520 yards W.N.W. of
e(41). Upper Wintercott, outbuilding, 1¼ m. S. of
Ivington church, stands E. of the house and is of
various dates in the 17th century.
e(42). Cross House, on the S. edge of the parish,
550 yards S.S.E. of (41), is of T-shaped plan with the
cross-wing at the W. end. The W. front has a central
gable and a gabled porch.
e(43). Aulden, house, over 1¼ m. S.W. of Ivington
church, was an L-shaped building with the wings
extending towards the N. and E. and with modern
additions on the S. and E.
e(44). Cottage, 70 yards S.S.E. of (43), has a thatched
b(45). Barn, at Eaton, 350 yards S.E. of the bridge,
is a single-storey building of seven bays.
b(46). Cottage, on the S.W. side of the road at
Patty's Cross, nearly 1¾ m. E.S.E. of Leominster
f(47). Barn, on the E. side of the road at Stretford,
670 yards S.S.E. of (46), is a single-storeyed building of
f(48). Cottage, 160 yards S.E. of (47), has been
refronted in stone.
f(49). Cottage, 80 yards S. of (48).
c(50). Hennor, house and barns, about 2½ m. E. of
Leominster church. The House, of stone and brick,
is largely modern but incorporates a 17th-century
building in the main block and N. cross-wing. In the
S. wall of the E. part of this wing is a stone with the
initials and date R.C. 1679, not in situ. A Barn and
outbuilding N.E. and N. of the house are of the 17th
century. A second barn, 200 yards W. of the house,
is of the same period.
c(51). Cottage, two tenements, 50 yards N. of (50), has
a hipped roof.
g(52). Ivington Camp, 3 m. S. of Leominster,
occupies the S.W. end of a ridge (550 ft. above O.D.).
The ground slopes down from the enclosure in all
directions except the N.E. The area within the defences
is about 24 acres and with the defences and outwork
the camp covers approximately 48 acres. The earthwork has suffered much damage from agricultural
operations, quarrying and a dense growth of trees on the
ramparts; it is, however, still one of the most important
works in the county. The strength of its entrances,
the S. one especially, and the height of the inner rampart
(which rises in one part to over 20 ft. above the
enclosure level) make it notable, while the rampart
has, for much of its length, the very unusual feature
of a berm along its inner scarp forming a walk. The
ramparts are of Early Iron Age type, and the form of
the entrances and the berm on the E. side suggest a
rather late date in the period.
Ivington Camp in the Parish of Leominster (Outer)
The defences follow the natural contours except on
the N. half of the E. side, where they cross the ridge
top and, for that distance, consist of a high inner rampart
with outer ditch and a berm, beyond which is another
ditch. As the defences approach the N. angle the
berm narrows down to form a rampart, while approaching the S. side of the ridge the berm is sub-divided
into two ramparts with a medial ditch. The remainder
of the E. side, the W. side and the S. end, are defended
by two ramparts with a medial ditch, but the latter
end is further protected by the outworks of the S.
entrance which will be described later. The N. side
would appear to have been defended by an inner
rampart with an outer ditch and parapet but the two
latter features have become flattened out and now only
form a rough berm. The N.W. angle has been
quarried and all traces of the original defences destroyed.
The enclosure would appear to have been artificially
flattened, probably to obtain material for the ramparts,
and is divided into two parts by a crescent-shaped
rampart with faint suggestions of a ditch on its E.
side. The level of the W. enclosure is about 6 ft.
above that on the E.
There are five existing entrances. Those on the W.
and on the N. appear to be modern, while the E.
entrance has been much cut about in modern times and,
in any case, is probably not original. The S.E. entrance
(Plate 3) is extremely elaborate. It has the inner
rampart turned inwards on the W. side of the opening,
while on the E. side the inner rampart branches inward
and also outwards, curving down the slope of the hill
to form (with the artificially scarped hillside on its
N.W.) a long sunken entrance way with a rampart on
the outer side. Furthermore, immediately E. of the
entrance there is a small flattened natural spur, to
obtain command of which the outer rampart is curved
sharply outwards and a species of traverse formed in
the space so left between the two ramparts; the
outer rampart is carried on in a S.W. direction down
the hillside, parallel with, and thus forming a further
outer rampart to the sunken entrance way, though
the slight ditch between them is largely filled in.
The entrance (Plate 3) at the N.E. angle is formed
by the turning inwards of the inner rampart on the
S. side of the opening and the carrying outwards in
a curve of the N. rampart, to form a long passage-way
with what is practically a traverse. On the N. side
of the opening there is an outer rampart and from the
latter a bank runs in a N.E. direction for approximately
40 yards, while beyond the outer rampart a further
small rampart is returned towards the N.E. and forms
(with the bank mentioned above) a small triangular
enclosure. There is nothing to show if this triangular
enclosure is original, but it seems probable that tillage
of the adjoining field has destroyed further work at
this point which might have given some clue to the
purpose of this outwork.
The question of the entrances to the inner—or W.—
enclosure cannot be decided owing to the damage to
and cutting of the dividing rampart, but it seems likely
that access was obtained at each end of the dividing
rampart where it abuts on the main ramparts.
As to whether there was an entrance at the N.W.
angle nothing definite can be said, as the defences are
entirely destroyed at this point; a sunken way with
a rampart, however, leading up the hillside until obliterated by the fallen spoil, perhaps indicates that such
an entrance existed.
Reference to the plan will show that about 50 yards
below the outer rampart on the W., a scarp with a
slight ditch and parapet (now forming little more than
a double lynchet for much of its length) runs from the
end of the S. entrance sunken way until it reaches the
sunken way approaching the N.W. angle; while for
part of its more northerly half there is a further ditch
and parapet. It is difficult to say if this is original,
but its slight strength in relation to the main work of
the inner defences is analogous to the outwork at
Beyond the outer rampart on the southern half of the
E. side is a small rectangular mound (approximately
15 yards by 4 yards by 4 ft. high), possibly the surviving
portion of another rampart.