68 STAUNTON-ON-ARROW (B.c.)
(O.S. 6 in. (a)X, S.E., (b)XI, N.W., (c)XI, S.W.)
Staunton-on-Arrow is a parish on the N. bank of that
stream, 5 m. N.E. of Kington. The church, re-built in
1853, has no ancient features. The camp on Wapley
Hill and Highland (Monument 2) are the principal
c(1). Mound (Plate 5) or motte, immediately S.W.
of the churchyard, is circular with a flat top and is surrounded by a dry ditch. The diameter at the top is about
63 ft. and it rises at most 28 ft. above the bottom of
the ditch. There can be little or no doubt that it is a
castle-mound. Ill-defined scarpings to the S. and W.
may indicate the former existence of one or more
b(2). Highland, house, nearly 2¼ m. N.W. of the
church, is of two storeys, the walls are partly timber-framed and partly of rubble; the roofs are covered
with stone slates. The plan is T-shaped with the
cross-wing at the W. end. The E. range, originally
timber-framed and of one storey only, formed part of
a mediæval house of crutch-construction; an upper
floor was inserted in the 17th-century, when the wing
was faced in stone. The stone-built cross-wing is of
early 17th-century date and has heavy buttresses at the
southern angles, where the ground falls away. Inside
the building, the E. wing is divided into two bays by
an original crutch-truss with chamfered timbers;
there is a similar truss adjoining the cross-wing. The
cross-wing has early 17th-century moulded or chamfered
ceiling-beams forming square panels; on the first floor
is a doorway with a shaped head.
c(3). Staunton Old Hall, house and barn,
320 yards N.N.W. of the church. The House is of
two storeys, timber-framed, and with slate or stonecovered roofs. It was built probably about the middle
of the 16th century on a half H-shaped plan with the
wings extending towards the N.E. It was much
altered in the 17th century when the main block was
heightened and extended and the N.W. wing extended.
The upper storey formerly projected at the end of the
S.W. wing but has been under-built. Some of the
timber-framing is exposed. Inside the building, some
of the ceiling-beams are exposed. The mid 17th-century staircase has moulded strings and rails and flat
shaped balusters. On the first floor is a little 17th-century panelling.
The Barn, W. of the house, is timber-framed and of
five bays. It was built in the 17th century.
The following monuments, unless otherwise described, are of the 17th century and of two storeys;
the roofs are covered with stone or modern slates.
Many of the buildings have exposed ceiling-beams.
Condition—Good or fairly good.
c(4). House, two tenements and shop, on the W. side
of the road, 100 yards N. of the church, has an added
stone wing on the W. The main block has exposed
c(5). Staunton Court, formerly Field's Place, 500 yards
W.N.W. of the church, is timber-framed and rough-cast.
Wapley Camp, Situated in the Parish of Staunton-on-Arrow.
c(6). The Butts, cottage, on the N. side of the road,
¾ m. W.N.W. of the church, is of stone with a thatched
roof. It was built early in the 18th century, and
adjoining it on the W. are the ruins of a second cottage
of the same date.
c(7). Upper Tan House, cottage, nearly 1½ m. W.N.W.
of the church, is of stone and of L-shaped plan with the
wings extending towards the W. and S.
c(8). Stansbatch Farm, house, on the N. side of the
road, 370 yards N. of (7), is stone-built, and has been
much altered and added to.
c(9). Lower Mowley, house and barn, about 1¾ m.
W. of the church. The House is partly timber-framed
and partly faced in brick. There is a later wing on the
S.W. side. Some of the timber-framing is exposed.
Inside the building, one room has remains of an
original plaster ceiling; the panels have circular
enrichments with conventional devices, and small trees
with birds in the spandrels.
The Barn, N. of the house, is timber-framed and of
four bays with queen-post and strutted roof-trusses.
a(10). Titley Gate, cottage, on the W. side of the
road, nearly 2¼ m. W.N.W. of the church, is timber-framed and plastered or weather-boarded.
c(11). Stocklow Manor, house, 1 m. N. of the church,
is stone-built and consists of two overlapping blocks,
of which the N.E. block is an addition of late 17th
or early 18th-century date.
b(12). Wapley Camp (c. 1,050 ft.) occupies the W.
end of the summit of Wapley Hill which, though
precipitous along its N. side, is of comparatively easy
slope on the S. The camp is of roughly triangular
form, generally following the contours except at the
E. end. Unlike most of the Herefordshire camps, its
easy approach on the N.E. and S. sides has necessitated
a greater elaboration of the defences at these points.
It covers an area of approximately 25 acres.
The N.E. side is protected by five ramparts, the three
inner ones having two medial ditches; between the third
and fourth is a wide berm, and between the fourth and
fifth a ditch and berm, while beyond the fifth is an outer
ditch. On the S. there are only four ramparts (Plate 4)
with medial ditches, but E. of the entrance on this side
there is a natural berm left between the second ditch
and the outer rampart. The defences at the W. end
consist of three ramparts with two medial ditches and
an outer ditch which gradually die out as they reach the
N.W. side; here the defences apparently consisted only
of a ditch dug in the steep scarp and the slight artificial
steepening of the inner scarp, the spoil from the ditch
being thrown outwards. This ditch has become
largely filled in by the erosion of the bank above.
There are now four entrances. The main entrance
was on the S. side where (see plan) the outer rampart
has been brought forward for some distance on each
side of the opening, thereby forming a long sunken
approach up to the inner rampart, which in turn has
been curved inwards on each side of the opening. The
entrance (Plate 4) at the N. apex of the triangle is
probably original and has the inner rampart turned
inwards slightly on the S. side of the opening; it is
approached by a causeway. The remaining two entrances, namely, those at the E. and W. ends, are of
later date and possibly modern.
Within the camp are three pillow-mounds with
traces of surrounding ditches. It is possible that there
may be others, but the ground is so thickly covered
with bracken and modern planting that a low mound
would be hidden from observation over much of the
site. There are said by earlier observers to have been
three other mounds lower down the hillside on the S.,
but here, again, recent planting has effectually concealed
Condition—Fairly good, partly planted.