5 AYLTON (D.d.)
(O.S. 6 in. XLV, N.W.)
Aylton is a small parish 3 m. W. of Ledbury. The
church is the principal monument.
(1). Parish Church (dedication unknown), stands
near the middle of the parish. The walls are of local
sandstone rubble with dressings of the same material;
the roofs are tiled. The Nave was built probably early
in the 12th century, and has unusually thick side walls.
The Chancel, except perhaps the N. wall, was re-built
in the 14th century, and the W. wall of the nave has
been re-built at some uncertain period. The South
Porch was built in 1654, but has been reconstructed
with the old materials in the 18th or 19th century.
The Church, Plan
Architectural Description—The Chancel (15½ ft. by
16½ ft.) has an early 14th-century E. window of two
ogee-headed lights. In the N. wall is a patch perhaps
representing a destroyed window. In the S. wall is a
window of one plain square-headed light with the lower
part filled in.
The Nave (25 ft. by 15½ ft.) is structurally undivided
from the chancel. In the N. wall is an early 12th-century window of one small round-headed light.
In the S. wall is a window of two plain square-headed
lights; the 18th-century or later S. doorway has a two-centred head. In the W. wall is a single-light window,
all modern externally. The square bell-turret, over the
W. end of the nave, is probably of the 16th century or
later and has diagonal struts in the sides; much of the
timber, however, is modern.
The South Porch is of timber and has an outer entrance
archway formed by modern brick piers and the tie-beam, above which are curved struts; on the face is a
much perished shield inscribed 1654 (?) M. (or R ?) I.,
C.W. The sides are open and have each four symmetrically turned balusters standing on modern brick
The Roof of the chancel is of barrel form, ceiled on the
soffit, and the truss above the screen is filled in with
wattle and daub. The 15th-century or earlier roof of
the nave is of trussed-rafter type with one 16th or 17th-century tie-beam.
Fittings—Bells: two, 1st uninscribed, perhaps 14th-century; 2nd by John Finch, 1639. Bracket: On E.
wall, plain corbel-bracket. Communion Table: with
turned legs and moulded top rails, 17th-century.
Communion Rails: with turned posts and balusters
and moulded rails, late 17th or early 18th-century.
Font: hemispherical bowl with projecting rim,
cylindrical built-up stem, possibly 17th-century, re-cut.
Piscina: In chancel—in S. wall, plain stone with
round drain. Plate: includes small cup with flowers
and foliage in low relief, late 17th-century, moulded
stem perhaps rather later. Screen (Plate 72): of
three bays, the S. bay wider than the rest, middle
bay with multifoiled head, traceried spandrels and
rosettes as cusp-points, side bays each with half an
arch with traceried spandrel but no cusping, added
tracery in inner angles of bays, moulded posts and
head-beam and above beam range of panelling partly
open and with trefoiled and traceried heads, perhaps
original front of loft, 15th-century, much altered
and with modern repair. Sundials: On S.E. angle of
chancel, scratched dial. On S. wall of nave—painted
dial on plaster, with iron gnomon, 18th-century.
Miscellanea: two lengths of moulded oak rails, 15th
Condition—Good, but side walls bowed towards
the S. and out of true.
(2). Court Farm, house and barn, 30 yards S. of the
church. The House is of two storeys partly timber-framed and partly of brick; the roofs are tiled. It
was built early in the 17th century, but the brick N.W.
wing and the E. extension of the original wing are
18th-century additions. The timber-framing is exposed
on the N. side and on part of the S. side of the original
block. One window on the N. side has original
moulded frame and mullions and diamond-shaped
oak stanchions. Inside the building are some original
framed partitions and exposed ceiling-beams and joists
to the ground-floor rooms. There is one original door
of moulded battens, and between the staircases is a
balustrade with 17th-century turned balusters.
The Barn, N.W. of the house, is timber-framed, and
of six bays with crutch-trusses of mediæval date; the
whole frame leans heavily towards the S.
Condition—Of house, good.
(3). White House and barn, 80 yards N.E. of the
church. The House is of two storeys, partly timber-framed and partly of brick; the roofs are tiled. It was
built in the 17th century, but has been mostly re-faced
with brick. Inside the building are some exposed
ceiling-beams and timber-framing.
The Barn, E. of the house, is of the 17th century,
timber-framed with brick filling; the roof is modern.
Condition—Good, much altered.
(4). Prior's Court, house and outbuildings, about
½ m. N.E. of the church. The House is partly of two
storeys with cellars and attics and partly of one storey
with attics; the walls are timber-framed with some
brickwork, and the roofs are tiled. The E. wing is
probably of early 17th-century date, and the S.W. wing
an addition of late in the same century. The timber-framing is exposed on parts of the N., S. and W. sides.
Inside the building are some exposed ceiling-beams.
The Outbuildings, generally, are of the 17th century
and timber-framed. They consist of two buildings
N.E. of the house and two S.W. of the house; all are
of two storeys.
(5). Glebe Farm, outbuildings, 360 yards N.N.W.
of the church. The Barn, E. of the house, is of the
17th century, timber-framed, and of three bays. The
Granary, N. of the barn, is of similar date and construction; it is of three bays.
(6). Aylton Court, outbuildings, ½ m. S.S.W. of
the church. The Outbuildings, N.E. of the house,
consist of stables and two barns all of early 17th-century
date and timber-framed. The stable with the loft over
has queen-post roof-trusses. The barn, N.E. of the
stable, is of five bays, and the second barn, to the S.E.,
is of six bays.
(7). Jacob's Leys, house, about 1¼ m. N.E. of the
church, is of two storeys with cellars and attics, originally
timber-framed but almost entirely re-faced with brick.
It was built, probably, late in the 17th century and is of
L-shaped plan with the wings extending towards the N.
and W. Inside the building are some exposed ceiling-beams.