Chronological Table


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'Chronological Table', An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in City of York, Volume 2: The Defences (1972), pp. 56. URL: Date accessed: 27 November 2014.


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71–2Roman fortress built.
107–8Fortress rebuilt in stone.
c. 650Tower 19 built.
867York captured by the Danes. Earth ramparts added.
c. 930Athelstan razes a Danish fort.
1068William I builds two castles.
1069William I restores castles after damage.
c. 1100–1200Stone gates erected, replacing timber gates.
1190Castle burnt in anti-Jewish riot.
1215Geoffrey de Neville strengthens city defences on E. and S.W.
1245–70Henry III rebuilds castle in stone, including Clifford's Tower.
1250–70Stone walls built in central and Micklegate areas.
1266St. Mary's Abbey walls begun.
1315–40Archbishop Melton fortifies Old Baile.
1318–c. 1325St. Mary's Abbey walls heightened and strengthened with towers.
1345Citizens contract with Thomas de Staunton to build walls from Fishergate Bar to Foss.
c. 1350Monk Bar built.
1380Tower 32 described as new.
1463City's guns first mentioned.
1466Old Baile in hands of citizens.
1483–5Richard III dismantles castle preparatory to rebuilding.
1487Sir William Todd restores wall near Fishergate Bar.
1489Rebels burn Walmgate and Fishergate Bars. Latter blocked until 1827.
1490Red Tower being built.
1502Wall between Walmgate Bar and Foss rebuilt.
c. 1505Fishergate Postern Tower built.
1511Twelve guns delivered for city defences.
1569Walls prepared for siege.
1581–6Rear façades of Bootham, Micklegate, and Walmgate Bars rebuilt.
1596–7Robert Redhead partially demolished Clifford's Tower and castle outer wall.
1616Lendal Tower first used as waterworks.
1642Walls prepared for siege. Clifford's Tower restored by Earl of Cumberland.
1644Siege by three Parliamentary armies. Walmgate Bar damaged.
1645–69Walls restored.
1667–8Grand Jury House in castle rebuilt.
1674–5Moothall or Sessions House in castle built.
1677Lendal Tower leased for 500 years as waterworks.
1684Clifford's Tower gutted by fire.
1701–5Debtors' Prison in castle built.
1719Rear façade of Bootham Bar rebuilt.
1731New postern made at Davy Tower.
1745Walls prepared for siege.
1753New passage made at Micklegate Bar.
1771New passage made at Bootham Bar.
1773–7Assize Courts in castle built, replacing Grand Jury House.
1780Female Prison in castle built, replacing Moothall.
1800City council resolves to demolish walls.
1807–8Skeldergate Postern demolished.
1808Archbishop awarded damages against city for demolition of Skeldergate Postern.
1811Archbishop and Dean and Chapter seek injunction to prevent demolition of walls.
1825Monk Bar barbican demolished and new passage made there.
1826Castlegate Postern and Micklegate Bar barbican demolished.
1826–35New outer wall and prison built at castle.
1829Layerthorpe Postern demolished.
1831St. Leonard's Place pierced through walls. Bootham Bar barbican partly demolished.
1831–2Walls in Micklegate area restored.
1834Walls, Fishergate Postern to Fishergate Bar, restored.
1835Bootham Bar restored.
1838Victoria Bar pierced through walls and Lounlith gate discovered.
1839Railway arch pierced through walls.
1840Walmgate Bar and barbican restored. North Street Postern rebuilt.
1845Monk Bar restored and another passage made there.
1864Walls, Walmgate Bar to Red Tower, restored.
1871–2Walls, Layerthorpe Postern to Monk Bar, restored.
1874Road arches to new station pierced through walls.
1878Walls, Baile Hill to Ouse, demolished.
1878Walls, Layerthorpe Postern to Monk Bar, restored.
1886–9Walls, Bootham Bar to Monk Bar, restored.
1914Monk Bar restored.
1950–5Bootham, Monk, and Micklegate Bars restored.
1969–70Bootham Bar restored.
1970–1Tower 19 restored.

York Castle