(OS 1:10000 a SP 85 NW, b SP 85 NE)
The roughly triangular parish, covering nearly 630 hectares, lies on land rising southwards between 84 m. and
112 m. above OD. It is almost entirely covered by
Boulder Clay except in the valleys of small N.-flowing
streams where areas of limestones and silts are exposed.
Intensive fieldwork has located a number of prehistoric
and Roman sites, all on the heavier clay areas.
Prehistoric and Roman
An unclassifiable Palaeolithic flake (NM) may have
come from Denton. Worked flints, including a leaf-shaped arrowhead, have been found at SP 841584
(BNFAS, 3 (1969), 4; 6 (1971), 8, Denton (2)) and a
flint arrowhead and scraper at SP 844573 (BNFAS, 6
(1971), 8, Denton (7)). A Roman coin was discovered at
SP 836579 (OS Record Cards).
a(1) Iron Age and Roman Settlement
(SP 83135800; Fig. 35), between the village and Mere
Barn, on Boulder Clay at 107 m. above OD. Air photographs (in NMR) show a series of rectangular ditched
enclosures with indistinct internal features in some of
them, covering an area of about 2 hectares. Finds from
the same field include Iron Age and Roman pottery,
Roman tiles and a flint scraper, associated with a scatter
of stones. A coin of Nero was also found (BNFAS, 3
(1969), 9; 4 (1970), 31; 6 (1971), 8, Denton (4)).
a(2) Iron Age and Roman Settlement (centred SP 840590), S. of Denton Barn, on Boulder Clay at
91 m. above OD. Finds include:
(a) at SP 840589, Iron Age and Roman pottery, part of
a quern and part of a bronze bracelet. Patches of dark
soil suggest the presence of pits and ditches (BNFAS, 6
(1971), 8, Denton (1)).
(b) at SP 838590, Iron Age and Roman pottery (OS
(c) at SP 841590, Iron Age pottery (OS Record Cards).
(d) at SP 840589, part of a bronze toilet set (Northants.
Archaeol., 8 (1973), 6).
a(3) Iron Age and Roman Settlement (?)
(centred SP 828561), E. of The Oaks, on Boulder Clay
at 112 m. above OD. Two parallel ditches about 33 m.
apart, perhaps part of ditched enclosure, have been
traced in the plough-soil. Small quantities of Iron
Age and Roman pottery have been found in the area
(BNFAS, 6 (1971), Denton (9) and (10); NM Records;
OS Record Cards).
Fig. 35 Denton (1) Iron Age and Roman
settlement and Brafield-on-the-Green
(18) Iron Age settlement
a(4) Iron Age and Roman Pottery (SP
835562), has been found on Boulder Clay at 110 m.
above OD (BNFAS, 6 (1971), 8, Denton (8)).
a(5) Iron Age and Roman Settlement (SP
828574), at the W. end of the parish, on Boulder Clay at
107 m. above OD. Iron Age and Roman pottery were
found with patches of dark soil and large stones
(BNFAS, 6 (1971), 8, Denton (5)).
a(6) Roman Pottery (SP 843583), E. of the
village, on Boulder Clay at 82 m. above OD. Roman
pottery, including samian and grey wares, was found
near a scatter of limestone (BNFAS, 4 (1970), 8).
a(7) Ditched Trackway and Roman Settlement (?) (SP 83905742 – 84105770), S.E. of the
village, on Boulder Clay at between 91 m. and 103 m.
above OD. Air photographs (in NMR) show a short section of ditched trackway underlying later ridge-and-furrow. To the N.E. Roman pottery and part of a quern
have been found (BNFAS, 6 (1971), 8, Denton (6)).
a(8) Roman Pottery (SP 834558), 500 m. E.S.E.
of (3), on Boulder Clay at 110 m. above OD. Roman
sherds and part of a quern have been found (BNFAS, 6
(1971), 8, Denton (11)).
Medieval and Later
a(9) Settlement Remains (SP 836580), formerly part of Denton village, lay 200 m. W. of the
church on the N. side of the old road into the village, on
Boulder Clay at 91 m. above OD. The earthworks have
been almost entirely destroyed by a modern housing
estate, but air photographs taken before the recent
development show a series of small embanked closes, a
pond and possible former building sites, all situated
within and around the edges of a small combe. The
area was bounded on the W. by a low bank, beyond
which lay ridge-and-furrow (RAF VAP CPE/UK/1926,
4011–2; FSL 6565, 1858).
(10) Cultivation Remains. The common fields
of the parish were enclosed by Act of Parliament of
1770. Ridge-and-furrow of these fields exists on the
ground or can be traced on air photographs over most of
the parish except in the S.E. where there are extensive
areas of woodland. On the more broken ground in the N.
half of the parish the furlongs are all end-on with ridges
at right-angles to the contours. In the S. of the parish, on
the generally flatter ground, the furlongs tend to be
interlocked (RAF VAP CPE/UK/1926, 4010–3; CPE/
UK/1994, 2186–90, 3181; F21 543/RAF/943, 0051–5;
F22 543/RAF/2409, 0156–8).