Index

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1985

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'Index', An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in the County of Northamptonshire, Volume 5: Archaeology and Churches in Northampton (1985), pp. 75-80. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=126621 Date accessed: 26 July 2014.


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This Index covers both the printed book which includes the Introductory Essay on the development of Northampton and the Micro-fiche Section which contains the Inventory of Sites and Monuments. Entries on pages 1–71 appear in the printed book and those on pages 201–431 in micro-fiche. Numbers in brackets refer to the monuments as listed in the Inventory in the micro-fiche; a guide to their location is printed on page 73 of the book. The classified lists are selective.

INDEX

Aaron, representation of, Northampton (21) 353.

Abington
-, Abbey, 204; Abington (6).
-, Deserted village of, Abington (6).
-, Park, cultivation remains at, Abington (8).
-, Street, Northampton, 382.

Adze
-, Neolithic, 301.
-, Iron Age, 282.

Almshouse, Northampton (20).

Amber, Duston (7) 263.

Antlers: carved, 383; debris and tools, 44; red deer, Billing, Great (1).

Arcades:
-, 12th-century: Kingsthorpe (7) 304, 307, 308; Northampton (22) 354, 358; Northampton (24) 374; (blind) 376; (27).
-, c. 1200: Northampton (22) 355; (24) 372, 374.
-, 13th-century: Billing, Great (14); Kingsthorpe (7); Northampton (22) 357; Wootton (10).
-, 14th-century: Duston (6); Hardingstone (20).
-, 19th-century, Billing, Great (14) 221.

Architects and Surveyors
-, Bell, Henry: 64; Northampton (21) 345.
-, Blomfield, Sir A., Northampton (21) 346.
-, Driver, A.J., Northampton (21) 346.
-, Edwards, Edward, Northampton (21) 345.
-, Hakewell, Houghton, Great (9).
-, Hiorne (Hiorns), William and Daniel, Houghton, Great (9).
-, Holding, M.H., Weston Favell (7) 416.
-, Law, E.F.: 66; Billing, Great (14) 221; Billing, Little (6) 227; Northampton (21) 346; (23) 364, 366, 367, 368, 371.
-, Palgrave, R., Hardingstone (20) 285.
-, Scott, G.G.: 66; Northampton (22) 356; (23) 364; (24) 372, 373, 375.
-, Townsend, H.M., Northampton (22) 356.

Ardington Road, burial near, Abington (4).

Arrow heads
-, Prehistoric: 214; Billing, Great (3); 240; Duston (2); 273; Hardingstone (7) (11) (14) 4, 283; 301; 321; Northampton (1); Overstone (1) 413; 422; Wootton (8).
-, Medieval, Northampton (4).

Atkinson, R.J.C., excavation of hill fort by, Hardingstone (14) 279.

Aumbries: Billing, Little (6) 229; Collingtree (1) 236; Northampton (23); Upton (4) 405; Weston Favell (7) 418.

Aurochs, Billing, Little (1).

Axes
-, Bronze: 213; 225; 240.
-, Flint: 239; 240; 301.
-, Mesolithic, Duston (2).
-, Neolithic: 225; Duston (2); 269; 273; 321; 322; 401.
-, Palaeolithic: 213; Duston (1); 269; 321.
-, Stone: 275; 301; 313.

Backwell, Richard, and widow Catherine, monument, Northampton (21) 352.

Baileys: castle, Northampton (9) 334; (38) 384.

Baker, George, sister Anne Elizabeth, monument, Northampton (24) 378.

Baptistry, Northampton (22) 358.

Barn, of St. James' Abbey, Duston (8) 264.

Barre, William, granted church to Delapré Abbey, Billing, Great (14) 219.

Barrows, 34. See also Mounds.

Basely, Rev. John, wife Elizabeth, son John, monument, Northampton (24) 377.

Basket work, Northampton (8) 332.

Bateman, Edmund, wife Mary, monument, Northampton (23) 369.

Bath, Roman, Wootton (8).

Beads
-, Iron Age: Hardingstone (14) 4, 282.
-, Saxon: Duston (7); Hardingstone (21, 22).

Beckett, Dorothy, monument, Northampton (21) 352.

Bell, Henry, see Architects and Surveyors.

Belt links, Iron Age, 262.

Bernard, family, owners of manor, Abington (6).

Bill hooks, Iron Age, 282.

Billing Hall: balustrading from, Billing, Great (14) 222; ponds in park of, Billing, Great (16).

Billon, Duston (5).

Blomfield, Sir A., see Architects and Surveyors.

Bone, objects made of, 297.

Bones
-, Animal: Billing, Great (1, 9); Billing, Little (1) 239; Hardingstone (4)c; (14) 4, 282; (18, 21); Houghton, Great (1); 321; 386; Northampton (50, 51).
-, Human: 226; Hardingstone (14) 280, 282, 283; (22); (27); Northampton (5); 390; Wootton (9).

Books, in churches, Northampton (23).

Bowes, George, monument, Northampton (24) 378.

Bowls, Neolithic, Hardingstone (7).

Boycott, Major Charles, wife Wilhelmina, monument, Northampton (21) 351.

Bracelets, Iron Age, 282.

Brass, 17th-century, Northampton (22).

Briar Hill: 30; Dallington (2); Hardingstone (7).

Bridle bits
-, Iron Age, 282.
-, Saxon, Hardingstone (23).

Bronze: Hardingstone (14) 4, 282; 285; (21, 23); 297; Moulton (1, 2); 325; Northampton (4) 382; 384; 399; 402.

Bronze Age, remains, 33–4.

Brooches: Duston (5, 7); Moulton (2); 324; 325; Northampton (3, 4); 382; 399; 402.

Bucket, wooden, Duston (7).

Buckles, Saxon: Hardingstone (23) 402.

Building materials
-, Roman: Moulton (1, 2); Wootton (6).
-, Medieval: 52; Northampton (16).

Buildings, remains of Neolithic, Hardingstone (7).
-, Roman: 39; Duston (5); Hardingstone (16); Moulton (2); Overstone (2).
-, Saxon: 41; Northampton (8, 9, 38).
-, Medieval: Houghton, Great (10); Northampton (9); (10); 366; (14); (45–47); (51); Weston Favell (9).

Burials
-, Bronze Age, Hardingstone (7).
-, Roman: Abington (2); Duston (5).
-, Saxon: Abington (4); Hardingstone (22); (24); Northampton (4, 5).
-, Medieval: Hardingstone (27); Northampton (10) 336; (14, 16, 25); 382; 383; 387.
-, See also Cemeteries.

Bust, Roman, Duston (5).

Butcher, Thomas, wife Judith, monument, Northampton (22) 360.

Buttresses, pilaster, Northampton (23) 365.

Candelabra, Northampton (21) 351.

Candlestick, medieval, 382.

Capitals
-, Carved: Northampton (24) 374, 375.
-, Foliate: Duston (6) 262; Kingsthorpe (7) 308; Northampton (22) 358.
-, Scalloped: Duston (6) 262; Kingsthorpe (7) 307; Northampton (22) 354, 359; (24) 374; Weston Favell (7) 418.

Carving
-, Stone: 59; Collingtree (1) 237; Dallington (7) 245, Pl. 35; Kingsthorpe (7) 309; Northampton (22) 359, 361; (23) 368, 371; (24) 371–2, 374–6, 378; (40).
-, Wood: Duston (6) 161; Northampton (22) 357.

Castle: 50; Northampton (9).

Causewayed enclosures, see Enclosures.

Cavendish, Lord John, erected Billing Hall, Billing, Great (16).

Cellar: 44; Northampton (40); 388; see also Undercrofts.

Cemeteries: 40; Duston (5) 255; (7); Hardingstone (23); Northampton (3, 10, 12, 27, 42).
-, Jewish, Northampton (35).
-, See also Burials.

Chairs, see Seating.

Chambers, Alderman John, wife Ann, monument, Northampton (21) 352.

Chapels: Duston (6) 260; (9); Hardingstone (26): Northampton (10) 336.
-, In churches
-,-, c. 1200, Northampton (22) 355, 357.
-,-, 13th-century, Northampton (22) 355.
-,-, 14th-century: Abington (3); Billing, Little (6); Northampton (22) 355; (23); Wootton (10).
-,-, 15th-century, Northampton (23).
-,-, 17th-century: Billing, Great (14) 221; Dallington (7); Hardingstone (20).
-, Hospital: Kingsthorpe (8); Northampton (20).

Charcoal, Hardingstone (7).

Chariots, tyres from wheels of, Hardingstone (14) 4, 282.

Charles II: statue of, Northampton (21) 350; gift of timber from, 351.

Chaunceaux family, Upton (6).

Cheek-pieces, Iron Age, 282.

Chests: Northampton (22); (23).

Chisels, Iron Age, 282.

Churches, 57–67.
-, Dating from 8th century: (foundations) 42, 43; Northampton (24) 371.
-, Dating from 11th century: (foundations) Northampton (28); Weston Favell (7).
-, Dating from 12th century: 57–64; 66; 67; Billing, Great (14); Collingtree (1); Duston (6); Kingsthorpe (7); Northampton (21–24); Upton (4).
-, Dating from c. 1200: Abington (3); Hardingstone (20).
-, Dating from 13th century: Dallington (7); Wootton (10).
-, Dating from 17th century: 64; Northampton (21).

Churchill
-, Fleetwood, monument, Northampton (22).
-, Smith, monument, Northampton (22).

Cists: Northampton (12) 338; (25); 387.

Clearstoreys: Dallington (7); Duston (6); Hardingstone (20); Kingsthorpe (7); Northampton (23, 24); Upton (4); Wootton (10).

Clock, Northampton (21) 351.

Coffins
-, Roman: Duston (5) 256; (7).
-, Medieval: Duston (9); Hardingstone (25); Kingsthorpe (8).

Coffin lids: Northampton (22) 361; (24) 378.

Coffin pins, Hardingstone (4)g.

Coin Hoards
-, Roman: Dallington (6); Duston (5); Hardingstone (4)f; Wootton (9).
-, Medieval, 396.

Coin Moulds, Roman, Duston (5).

Coins
-, British: 36, 38; Duston (5); 201; 239; 295.
-, Gallo-Belgic, 322.
-, Roman: 233; 239; Dallington (6); Duston (5); 269; Hardingstone (4)f, g, h; 273; (14) 4, 283; (15, 18); 295; 301; Kingsthorpe (5, 6); Moulton (1, 2); 324; 325; Overstone (2); 399; 401; 402; 414; 422; Wootton (6, 9).
-, Saxon: 242; 385; Northampton (51).
-, Medieval: 285; Northampton (16); 383; 396.
-, 16th-century, 395.
-, 17th-century, Northampton (24) 373.

Coles, George: brass, Northampton (22); monument, Northampton (22).

College of All Saints, site of, Northampton (33).

Collingtree Park, cultivation remains at, Collingree (3).

Comb, Saxon, 297.

Common Fields, see Cultivation Remains.

Communion Rails, Northampton (21) 351.

Conant, John, monument, Northampton (21) 351.

Copper working: 44; Northampton (38, 45).

Corbel tables, Northampton (22) 356.

Costrels, medieval: 383; 384; 387.

Cotton, East and West, (Cotton End and Far Cotton), 268.

Cox
-, H., see Masons, monumental.
-, Samuel, monument, Northampton (23); see also Masons, monumental.
-, W., see Masons, monumental.

Crammere Avenue, finds in, Abington (2).

Cremations, Hardingstone (7).

Cropmarks: Billing, Little (4); Hardingstone (4)e; (6); (14) 278; Kingsthorpe (1–3); Overstone (2); Wootton (1–4).

Cross, stone, Northampton (22) 361.

Crucibles, Hardingstone (14) 4, 282.

Crypts: Kingsthorpe (7) 308; Northampton (21).

Cultivation Remains
-, Common Fields: Abington (8); Billing, Great (17); Duston (10); Hardingstone (30); Northampton (52); Wootton (11).
-, Ridge-and-Furrow: 68; Abington (8); Billing, Great (17); Billing, Little (8); Collingtree (3); Dallington (9); Duston (10); Hardingstone (30); Houghton, Great (12); Kingsthorpe (10); Moulton Park (4); Northampton (52); Upton (8, 9); Weston Favell (10, 11); Wootton (11).

Cunningham, James, wife Susanna, monument, Northampton (21) 352.

Currency bars, Iron Age, 282.

Dagger, Iron Age, 282.

Dallington Hall, ponds in park of, Dallington (8).

Dams, medieval: Billing, Great (16); Dallington (8); Upton (8); Weston Favell (10).

Danes: in Northampton, 44; 47.

Danvers, Daniel, Jane, monument, Northampton (21) 352.

Date-stones
-, 16th-century, Upton (4) 407.
-, 19th-century, Billing, Great (14) 221.

Dewy, Lady Jane (Kerr), monument, Northampton (22) 360.

Dedications of churches and chapels
-, All Saints: Billing, Little (6); Northampton (21).
-, Holy Sepulchre, Northampton (22).
-, St. Andrew, Billing, Great (14).
-, St. Bartholomew, Northampton (25).
-, St. Columba, Collingtree (1).
-, St. David, Kingsthorpe (8), 310.
-, St. Edmund: Hardingstone (20); Northampton (26).
-, St. George, Wootton (10).
-, St. Giles, Northampton (23).
-, St. Gregory, Northampton (27).
-, St. John the Baptist, Kingsthorpe (7).
-, St. Katherine, Northampton (30).
-, St. Luke, Duston (6).
-, St. Margaret, Duston (9).
-, St. Martin, Northampton (31).
-, St. Mary: Dallington (7); Houghton, Great (9); Northampton (28).
-, St. Mary Magdalene, Northampton (32).
-, St. Michael: Northampton (29); Upton (4).
-, St. Peter: Northampton (24); Weston Favell (7).
-, St. Peter and St. Paul, Abington (3).
-, St. Thomas, Hardingstone (26).

Deer Park; 68; 316; Moulton Park (2).

Defences
-, Hill fort, Hardingstone (14) 277.
-, Town, Saxon, Northampton (6).
-, Town, medieval: 50; Northampton (7).

Delapré Abbey: Leicester, church granted to, Billing, Great (14) 219; Northampton, site of, Hardingstone (25).

Deserted medieval villages: Abington (6); Upton (6).

Disc mount, Saxon, Hardingstone (23).

Ditches: Hardingstone (5, 13); Houghton, Great (8).

Dodd, Ann (Sutton), monument, Northampton (23) 369.

Dog-tooth ornament: Billing, Great (14) 222; Kingsthorpe (7) 307.

Domesday Book: 47; Abington (6); Billing, Little (1); Moulton Park (2); Upton (6).

Doorway, notable, Upton (4) Pl. 35.

Drain, medieval, Northampton (12) 338.

Driver, A.J., see Architects and Surveyors.

Eastfield Park, cultivation remains at, Abington (8).

Edwards, Edward, see Architects and Surveyors.

Elwes, family vault, Billing, Great (14).

Enclosure, of common fields: 70; Abington (8); Billing, Great (17); Dallington (9); Duston (10); Hardingstone (30); Houghton, Great (12); Kingsthorpe (10); Northampton (52) 397; Upton (9); Weston Favell (11); Wootton (11).

Enclosures: Abington (1); Billing, Great (5, 6, 8); Billing, Little (3); Dallington (1); Hardingstone (2); Kingsthorpe (1); Kislingbury (1); Moulton (3); Rothersthorpe (1); Upton (1); Weston Favell (1, 5); Wootton (1–4).
-, Causewayed: Dallington (2, 3); Hardingstone (7).
-, Iron Age: Billing, Great (4); Duston (4); Hardingstone (4)e; (9, 10).
-, Roman, Billing, Great (11, 13).

Entrances, hill fort, Hardingstone (14) 2, 280.

Evans, George, wife Dorothy, monument, Northampton (24) 377.

Eynard, Anthony, Jane, monument, Northampton (21).

Farrin, Christian, monument, Northampton (24) 378.

Filkes, Ann, monument, Northampton (22).

Fire bars, Roman: Billing, Great (9, 10); Hardingstone (15); Houghton, Great (5, 7); Weston Favell (6).

Fishponds: 68; Abington (7); Billing, Great (16); Dallington (8); Houghton, Great (11); Northampton (12) 338; Upton (8); Weston Favell (10).

Flamstead Priory, patronage of, 242.

Flask, medieval, 383.

Fleetwood
-, Elizabeth, son Smith, monument, Northampton (22) 360.
-, Mansion, Northampton (14).

Flints, Prehistoric: 29–30, 33; 213; Billing, Great (3, 11, 12); 225; 233; 239; 240; Duston (2); 269; 272; 273; Hardingstone (7, 11, 12); (14) 282, 283; 295; Houghton, Great (2); 301; Kislingbury (3); 313; Moulton (2); 322; Northampton (1, 2); Overstone (1, 2); 401; 413; Weston Favell (1, 2); 422; Wootton (8).

Flore, Abbot Nicholas de, gravestone of, Duston (8) 265.

Floors
-, Clay, Tudor, Northampton (6).
-, Limestone, medieval: Northampton (10) 366; 390.
-, Marble, 19th-century, Northampton (21) 351.
-, See also Paving.

Fonts
-, Early medieval, Billing, Little (6) 230, Pl. 35.
-, 12th-century, Duston (6) 262.
-, 15th-century: Northampton (23, 24).
-, Perpendicular: Billing, Great (14) 222; Dallington (7), 245.
-, 17th-century: Northampton (21) 351; Northampton (22) 359.
-, Undated, Collingtree (1) 237.

Freeman, Mary, monument, Northampton (21) 352.

Friaries: 55; Northampton (13–17).

Furnishings, church
-, 18th-century: Abington (3) 205; Northampton (21) 345.
-, 19th-century, Abington (3) 205.

Gambell, Mary, monument, Northampton (23) 370.

Gaming pieces
-, Iron Age, 282.
-, Roman, Moulton (1, 2).

Garden Remains, Upton (7).

Gates, William, wife Ann, son George, monument, Northampton (23) 370.

Gibson, Catherine, Elizabeth, monuments, Northampton (23) 370.

Girdle hanger, Saxon, Duston (7).

Glass: Northampton (22) 359.
-, Saxon, Northampton (38).
-, Medieval, Billing, Little (7).
-, Stained: Northampton (22) 359; 386.

Gobion Manor: 56; Northampton (49).

Goldsmith, Maria (Clarke), monument, Northampton (23) 370.

Goodday, William, wife Margaret, son Arthur, monuments, Northampton (23) 369.

Goodfellow, Timothy, monument, Northampton (24) 377.

Gooding, William, wife Elizabeth, monument, Northampton (22) 360.

Gravestones, Northampton (12) 338.

Greenwood, Daniell, wife Elizabeth (Dand), monument, Northampton (21) 351.

Grendon, William of, charter by, Northampton (23) 368.

Guildhalls, Northampton (10, 11).

Hakewell, see Architects and Surveyors.

Hall, Thomas, monument, Northampton (21) 351.

Halls: 41, 43, 44; Northampton (8, 9); (24) 371.

Harden, Joseph, wife Mary, monument, Northampton (23) 370.

Harvey, John, inherited manor, Abington (6) 210.

Henge, Dallington (2).

Hermitage: site of, Hardingstone (26); Northampton (34).

Hill fort: 34; Hardingstone (14).

Hiorne (or Hiorns), William and David, see Architects and Surveyors.

Holding, M.H., see Architects and Surveyors.

Hollow-ways: Abington (6) 211; Hardingstone (29); Houghton, Great (10, 11); Upton (6).

Holt, John Scholfield, parents Samuel and Elizabeth, monument, Northampton (23) 368.

Horse: Pleistocene remains, Billing, Great (1); Iron Age skeleton and equipment, Hardingstone (14) 282; Saxon bit, Hardingstone (23).

Horseshoe, Roman, 201.

Hospitals
-, Holy Trinity, Kingsthorpe (8).
-, St. John: Northampton (10) 336; (20).
-, St. Leonard, Hardingstone (27).
-, St. Mary Magdalene, Northampton (32).
-, St. Thomas, Northampton (19).
-, Walbeck, Kingsthorpe (9).

Hughes, William, monument, Northampton (21).

Hunsbury complex: 34; Hardingstone (6–19).

Hunt, stonemason, Northampton (21) 345.

Huts, Saxon, sites of, Hardingstone (21).

Hypercaust, Wootton (8).

Inscriptions, Northampton (23) 370.

Iron Age remains: 34–8.

Iron and Ironworks: 39, 44, 257; Hardingstone (14) 4, 282; (24); Northampton (45); 426; slag, Houghton, Great (2).

Ironworking: Roman, Duston (5); Moulton (2).

Isham, Edmunda, monument, Northampton (23) 369.

Ivory, Rebecca, monument, Northampton (21) 352.

Jackson, Rev. William, monument, Northampton (23) 369.

Jeffcutt
-, Alderman Henry, wife Alice, monument, Northampton (24) 378.
-, Alderman Nicholas, Mary, Richard, monument, Northampton (24) 377.
-, Alderman Richard, wife Martha, monument, Northampton (24) 378.

Jekyll, Sir Joseph, builder of Hall, Dallington (8).

Jenkins, Maria Dorothea, monument, Northampton (21) 352.

Jugs, medieval: 304; 382–4; 386; 388; 392.

Keill, James, monument, Northampton (23) 369.

Kerby, Mary, monument, Northampton (21) 352.

Kerr
-, General John Manners, monument, Northampton (22) 360.
-, William, wife Mary (Thompson), monument, Northampton (22) 360.

Kilns
-, Iron Age or Roman, Hardingstone, (4)a, b.
-, Roman: 39; Abington (2); Billing, Great (9, 10); Dallington (5); Hardingstone (15, 16, 18); Houghton, Great (4, 5, 7); Weston Favell (6); Wootton (8).
-, Saxon, Northampton (43).
-, Medieval, Northampton (48).

King, Benjamin, monument, Northampton (21) 352.

Knightly, Richard, Upton bought by, Upton (6).

Knives
-, Flint, 240.
-, Iron, Iron Age, Hardingstone (14), 4, 282.
-, Saxon, Duston (7); Hardingstone (21, 24); Northampton (3).

Lacy, John, Mary, monument, Northampton (21) 352.

Lamps, medieval: 383; 385–8; 395.

Landslips, Houghton, Great (12).

Lavendon Abbey, endowment of, Wootton (10) 427.

Law, E.F., see Architects and Surveyors.

Leather, medieval: 386; 390; 395.

Lectern, c. 1600, Northampton (23).

Leper Hospital: Hardingstone (27); Kingsthorpe (9).

Levallois, flake. Billing, Great (1).

Locock, Henry, monument, Northampton (21) 353.

Locker, banner staff, Northampton (22).

Lockwood, Rev. Edward, wife Lucy, monument, Northampton (24) 377.

Loom weights, Saxon: Hardingstone (21, 22); Upton (5).

Lucas, John, monument, Northampton (21) 351.

Lucius Verus, bust of, Duston (5).

Lumley
-, Alice, Alicia Anne, monument, Northampton (21) 353.
-, Caroline, Arabella, John, Anne, monument, Northampton (21) 351.
-, Gen. Sir James, wife Caroline, monument, Northampton (21) 352.

Macehead, Duston (2).

Mammoths: Billing, Great (1, 2); 239; Duston (1); 269; 321.

Mansel, Sarah, monument, Northampton (23) 369.

Markham, Henry William, John and wife Hannah, Charles and wife Elizabeth, monuments, Northampton (23) 369.

Masons, monumental
-, Blore, R., Northampton (24) 377.
-, Bushnell, Billing, Great (14) 221.
-, Cox, H.: Northampton (23) 369; (24) 377, 378.
-,-, S.: Northampton (21, 23); (24) 377, 378.
-,-, W., Northampton (24) 377.
-, Gaffin, T., Northampton (23) 369.
-, Hunt, J.: Northampton (21) 352; (23) 370; (24) 377, 378.
-, Marsh, T., Northampton (23) 369.
-, Noble, M., Northampton (24) 378.
-, Regnart, Northampton (21) 351.
-, Rouw, H., Northampton (23) 370.
-, Utley, W., Northampton (23) 369.
-, Whiting, Northampton (21–24).

Mawe, John, monument, Northampton (23) 368.

Meacock, Alderman Richard, monument, Northampton (21) 352.

Mesolithic remains: 30; Hardingstone (6–19) 273.

Microliths: 240; Duston (2); 273; Hardingstone (7).

Minster, Saxon: 53; Northampton (8) 332; (24) 373.

Moat, Moulton Park (3).

Mortar mixers, Saxon: 42; Northampton (8) 332.

Mortaria, Roman: Moulton (1); 325.

Morris, Robert, wife Ann, monument, Northampton (22) 361.

Mosaic: Roman, Kingsthorpe (5); Moulton (1); see also Tesserae.

Moses, respresentation of, Northampton (21) 353.

Moulton Park, 300.

Mounds: 34; Abington (5); Duston (3); Houghton, Great (10); Upton (2).

Nailhead ornament, Kingsthorpe (7) 303.

Nails
-, Iron Age, 282.
-, Roman, Moulton (1).

Necklaces, Saxon: Duston (7); Hardingstone (24).

Needle, Saxon, 297.

Nene, river crossings, 268.

Neolithic Remains: 30; 33.

Newcome, Alderman John, wife Ann, monument, Northampton (21) 352.

Northampton
-, Castle: 50; Northampton (9); demolition of, 70.
-, Churches in: 57; Northampton (21–24); sites of, Northampton (25–29).
-, Decline of: 55; 57.
-, Defences of: 50; Northampton (6, 7); murage grants to, 55, 328; slighted, 70; repairs to, Northampton (30).
-, Economy of, 48.
-, Friaries in: 55; Northampton (13–17).
-, Historians of, 27.
-, Houses in, 56.
-, Industries of, 70, 71.
-, Jews in, 54.
-, Parishes in: 53; 56.
-, Prehistoric remains in: 38; 324, 325.
-, Religious institutions in: 52; 53.
-, Roman remains in: 38; 324; 325.
-, Royal visits to, 48.
-, Town plan of: 46; 52; 70.
-, University students at, 55.

Nunnery, Poor Clares, Northampton (18).

Organ, Northampton (21).

Osborn
-, Francis, wife Sarah, son Francis, monument, Northampton (22) 360.
-, Alderman George, monument, Northampton (21) 351.

Ovens, drying, medieval, Northampton (45, 51).

Oyster shells, Roman, Moulton (1).

Paintings, Northampton (21).

Palace, Saxon: 40, 43, 57; Northampton (8); (24) 371; Continental parallels, 43, 332.

Palaeolithic remains: 28–9; Billing, Great (1); Duston (1); Ecton (1); 269; 301; 321.

Palgrave, R., see Architects and Surveyors.

Palstave, Bronze Age, 322.

Palmer, George, monument, Northampton (23) 369.

Panelling, 17th-century, Northampton (21).

Park, Abington (6) 210, 211.
-, See also Deer Park.

Paving, Pavements and metalling
-, Roman: Billing, Great (12); Moulton (1, 2); Overstone (2).
-, Medieval: Northampton (22) 355; 384; Northampton (39); 390; 392; (49); 395; Weston Favell (9).
-, See also Floors.

Pendants
-, Saxon, Hardingstone (23).
-, Medieval: 382; 384.

Pennington, Samuel, sons, John, William, monument. Northampton (23) 370.

Percival, Emma Harriet, Samuel, wife Jane, monument, Northampton (23) 369.

Pettifer, John, wife Mary, nephew John, monument, Northampton (22) 360.

Pewter, Roman, Duston (5).

Piscinae: Abington (3); Collingtree (1) 237; Dallington (7) 244, 245; Duston (6) 161; Hardingstone (20) 288; Kingsthorpe (7) 307, 308, 309; Northampton (22, 23); Upton (4); Weston Favell (7) 418; Wootton (10) 429.

Pins, Iron Age, 282.

Pit alignments: Billing, Great (3, 8); Dallington (1, 2, 4); Hardingstone (8, 11); Kislingbury (2).

Pits
-, Neolithic, Hardingstone (7).
-, Bronze Age, Hardingstone (7).
-, Iron Age: Billing, Great (4, 7); Hardingstone (9, 11, 12); (14) 281; Weston Favell (4).
-, Roman: Hardingtone (8, 16, 17, 19); 313; Houghton, Great (6); Kingsthorpe (6); Moulton (2).
-, Saxon: Northampton (38, 46, 50).
-, Medieval: Billing, Little (7); Hardingstone (28); Northampton (10) 336; 389; (44) 390; 392; (49, 51).

Plackett, Sarah, monument, Northampton (23) 370.

Plaster, painted, Roman: Moulton (1); Wootton (8).

Portico, Northampton (21) 345, 350.

Pleistocene remains: Billing, Great (1, 2); Duston (1); Ecton (1); Houghton, Great (1).

Plough-shares, Iron Age, 282.

Portington, John, wife Judith, monument, Northampton (21) 351.

Post-holes: 40, 44; Hardingstone (21); Northampton (1); 383; (38, 42, 46); Wootton (8).

Posts, earthfast, Northampton (8) 331.

Pottery
-, Neolithic: Hardingstone (7); Northampton (1, 2).
-, Bronze Age: 273; Northampton (1)a.
-, Iron Age: Billing, Great, 214; (3); (7, 11); 233; 240; Duston (5); 269; Hardingstone (4)a; (9, 10, 12, 13); (14) 4, 282; 311; Moulton (1, 2); Moulton Park (1); Northampton (1); Overstone (2); Upton (3); Weston Favell (1, 4); Wootton (5, 8).
-, Roman: 201; Billing, Great (8, 11–13); 225; Billing, Little (5); 240; Duston (5); 257; (8) 265; 269; Hardingstone (4, 5, 14, 17–19); 295; Houghton, Great (4–7); Kingsthorpe (4, 6); 311; 313; Moulton (1, 2, 4); 324; 325; 401; 414; Weston Favell (1, 5, 6); Wootton (6, 7).
-, Saxon: 40; Abington (5); 218; 233; 242; Collingtree (2); Hardingstone (21, 22); Northampton (3); (9) 335; 384; 387–9; (44); 390; 402; Weston Favell (8); 426.
-, Medieval: 202, 218, 226; Billing, Little (7); Dallington (5); 242; 257; Duston (8) 265; 285; 297; Kingsthorpe (4); 304; Northampton (6); (9) 334; (16); 382–92; (49); 393; 395; 402; 415; 426.
-, Post-medieval: 385; 391; 392; 394; 395.
-, Beaker: Hardingtone (7); 324; Weston Favell (2).
-, Belgic: 36; Duston (5) 253, 254; Moulton (1); Moulton Park (1); 401.
-, Castor, Upton (3).
-, Fengate, Hardingstone (7).
-, Grooved, Weston Favell (2).
-, Mortlake, Hardingstone (7).
-, Nene Valley: Houghton, Great (5); Moulton (1); 324.
-, Northampton: 44; Northampton (43).
-, Potterspury, 202.
-, St. Neots: 44; 284.
-, Samian: 240; Dallington (5); Duston (5) 255; Houghton, Great (5); Kingsthorpe (4, 6); Moulton (1); 324.

Pottery waster, Roman, 201.

Price, William, wife Elizabeth, monument, Northampton (23) 370.

Pulpits
-, 17th-century: Northampton (21–23).
-, 18th-century, Abington (3) 206.

Pursebar, medieval, 242.

Querns: Hardingstone (7); (14) 4, 282; (21).

Ramparts, see Defences.

Raynsford, family, monuments, Dallington (7) 244.

Reredos
-, c. 1400, Billing, Great (14) 222.
-, 17th-century, Northampton (21) 353.
-, 19th-century: Northampton (21) 353; (23) 371.

Revell, John, wife Mary, monument, Northampton (21) 353.

Rhinoceros, woolly, Billing, Great (1).

Ridge-and-furrow, see Cultivation Remains.

Ring ditches: Abington (1); Billing, Little (2); Dallington (1, 4); Hardingstone (1, 3, 13); Houghton, Great (2); 316; Upton (1); Weston Favell (1, 5); Wootton (1, 2, 4).

Rings
-, Iron Age, 282.
-, Roman, Moulton (2).

Road, Roman: 40; Duston (5).

Roman remains, 38–40.

Rood loft doorways: Collingtree (1) 237; Kingsthorpe (7) 307.

Roofs
-, Arch-braced: medieval, Dallington (7) 245; Wootton (10) 429.
-, Crown post, medieval, Northampton (20) 342.
-, Octagonal, post-medieval, Northampton (22) 358.
-, Scissor-braced, 19th-century, Northampton (24) 377.
-, Tie beam, 18th-century, Wootton (10) 429.
-, 17th-century, Wootton (10) 430.

Royal arms, Northampton (21) 350, 353.

Rushworth, Jane, monument, Northampton (21) 352.

Russell, John, monument, Northampton (23) 369.

Rysbrack, monument by, Hardingstone, (20) 287.

St. Andrew, Priory of: Northampton (12); charter of, Northampton (23) 361; churches granted to, Billing, Little (6); Northampton (25, 26, 28); demesne land of, Northampton (52); hospital founded by, Kingsthorpe (8); property of, 327, 328, 333.

St. James, Abbey of: Duston (8); endowment of, Duston (6) 260.

St. Leonard, Hospital of, Hardingstone (27).

Salcey Forest, 295.

Samwell
-, Sir William, Upton sold to, Upton (6).
-, Family, Upton (7).

Sargeant
-, Anne, monument, Northampton (21) 352.
-, Dorcas, monument, Northampton (21) 351.

Saws, Iron Age, 282.

Saxon palace complex, see Palace.

Saxon remains, 40–7.

Scabbards, Iron Age, Hardingstone (14) 282, 283.

Sceatta, Saxon, Hardingstone (22).

Scott, G. G., see Architects and Surveyors.

Scramasax, Northampton (5).

Scrapers: Abington 201; 214; 225; 240; Hardingstone (7, 11); 295; 301; 313; 321; Northampton (1); Overstone (1); Upton (3); 413; Wootton (8).

Scriven, Ann, Elizabeth, Sarah, monument, Northampton (23) 369.

Seal, bronze, medieval, Northampton (16).

Seating: Northampton (21) 353; (23) 371; (24) 377.

Sedilia: Abington (3); Collingtree (1); Wootton (10).

Senlis, Simon de, Earl of Northampton: life and endowments of, 47, 50; founded priory, 53; grant to priory, 54; charter of, Duston (6) 260; town walls built by, 327; 335; priory founded by, Northampton (12) 337; (24) 371; grant by, Northampton (56) 396, 397.

Settlements
-, Prehistoric: Northampton (1, 2); Overstone (1); Weston Favell (3).
-, Mesolithic: 30; Duston (2).
-, Neolithic: 30–3; Duston (2); Weston Favell (2).
-, Bronze Age: 33–4; Duston (2).
-, Iron Age: 36; Billing, Great (4, 7, 9); Hardingstone (9, 12); Moulton (1); Moulton Park (1); Upton (3); Weston Favell (4); Wootton (5).
-, Roman: 38–9; Abington (2); Billing, Great (9, 12, 13); Billing, Little (5); Dallington (5); Duston (5); Hardingstone (4, 16–19); Houghton, Great (3, 5–7); Kingsthorpe (4–6); Kislingbury (4); Moulton (2, 4); Overstone (2); Weston Favell (5); Wootton (6, 7).
-, Saxon: 41; 68; Collingtree (2); Hardingstone (21, 22); Northampton (10); 384; (42, 44–46, 50, 51); Upton (5); Weston Favell (8).
-, Medieval: 67; Billing, Little (7); Hardingstone (28); Houghton, Great (10); Northampton (10, 37, 39, 40–42, 44–47, 49–51).

Sherd, Richard, master of almshouse, Northampton (20) 343.

Shield bosses
-, Iron Age, 282.
-, Saxon: Duston (7); Northampton (3).
-, Undated, Hardingstone (14) 5, 283.

Shortgrave, Mary, monument, Northampton (24) 377.

Sickles, Iron Age, 282.

Skeletons, see Bones, human.

Slag
-, Iron Age: Hardingstone (9) 282; Houghton, Great (2); Wootton (5).
-, Medieval, Northampton (42).

Smith
-, Francis, manor house enlarged by, Abington (6) 211.
-, John, wife Sarah, monument, Northampton (24) 378.
-, Sarah, monument, Northampton (23) 368.
-, William, monument, Northampton (24) 378.

Smyth
-, Christopher, monument, Northampton (21) 351.
-, William Tyler, wife Frances, mother Elizabeth, monument, Northampton (23) 369.

Solskifte system, Hardingstone (30) 293.

Spears
-, Bronze Age: 322; 401.
-, Iron Age, 282.
-, Saxon: Duston (7); 284; Hardingstone (23); Northampton (3); 426.

Spindle Whorls
-, Iron Age, 282.
-, Saxon, Hardingstone (22).

Spires: Billing, Great (14) 221; Houghton, Great (9); Northampton (22); Weston Favell (7) 416.

Spoon, Iron Age, 282.

Stanton, Anne, monument, Northampton (24) 377.

Stanyan, Mary, monument, Northampton (23) 370.

Starr, Henry Wellington, monument, Northampton (21) 352.

Steer, William, wife Ann, monument, Northampton (22) 360.

Steward, Isabella (Haldane), monument, Northampton (21) 353.

Stoddart, Rev. John, wife Ruth, monument, Northampton (24) 377.

Stones, rubbing and grinding, Hardingstone (7).

Stonhouse, Ann, Sir James, monuments, Northampton (21) 351.

Stoup, Duston (6) 262.

Storer, Francis, Rev. Thomas, monuments, Northampton (22).

Strap handle, Roman, 201.

Stratford, Dorcas, William, monuments, Northampton (21) 352.

Stylus, Roman, 325.

Sutton, James, wife Elizabeth, and family, monuments, Northampton (23) 369.

Sundials: Abington (3) 206; Weston Favell (7) 419.

Sunken featured buildings, Saxon, 384–5.

Swords, Iron Age, 282.

Synagogue, site of, Northampton (36).

Taylor, Thomas, wife Elizabeth, monument, Northampton (23) 369.

Terretts, Iron Age, 282.

Tesserae, Roman: Duston (5); Moulton (1).

Thomond, Lord, monument, Billing, Great (14) 221.

Thackeray, Susanna Manlove, monument, Northampton (23) 370.

Thompson, Alderman George, wife Judith (Jeffcutt), monument, Northampton (24) 377.

Thursby, William: monument, Abington (3) 206; manor purchased by, Abington (6) 210; Billing, Little (7).

Tiles
-, Roman: Duston (5); Moulton (1); 324; Wootton (6).
-, Medieval: 226; Duston (8) 265; 285; Northampton (12) 338; (13, 14); (16); 386.

Tomb chest, Northampton (23) 371.

Tomb Recesses: Collingtree (1) 236; Hardingstone (20) 287; Northampton (22, 24).

Tompson, Frances, Alderman George, Judith, Sarah, Susannah, William and wife Frances, monuments, Northampton (22) 360.

Towers
-, Central, 12th-century and later: Duston (6); Northampton (23).
-,-, c. 1200, Hardingstone (20).
-, West, 13th-century: Billing, Great (14); Dallington (7).
-,-, 14th-century, Northampton (22).
-,-, 15th-century: Collingtree (1); Upton (4).
-,-, 17th-century: Northampton (21); (24).
-,-, 18th-century, Houghton, Great (9).
-,-, 19th-century, Billing, Little (6).

Townsend, H.M., see Architects and Surveyors.

Trackways: Dallington (3, 4); Duston (4).

Treslove, Harriet, Thomas, Penelope his wife and son Samuel, monuments, Northampton (24) 377.

Trueslove, Esther, monument, Northampton (24) 378.

Turret, stair: Northampton (23) 365, 366; Upton (4).

Tweezers
-, Iron Age, 282.
-, Medieval, 297.

Tympanum, carved stone, Northampton (22) 361.

Undercrofts, medieval: 56; Kingsthorpe (7); Northampton (41).

Urns, funerary
-, Bronze Age: Hardingstone (7); 322.
-, Saxon: Hardingstone (22); Northampton (4).
-, Medieval, Northampton (12) 338, 339.

Vaults
-, Plaster: Hardingstone (20) 289; Northampton (21) 348.
-, Stone: Northampton (21) 348; (22) 354; (23) 364; (40, 41).

Villas, Roman: 39; Moulton (1); Wootton (8).

Villages, deserted: 68; Abington (6); Billing, Great (15); Upton (6).

Wales, Frances, monument, Northampton (21) 352.

Walls, Maria Catherine, Northampton (21) 352.

Wall-shafts, Northampton (22) 354.

Walls: town, Northampton (7); castle, Northampton (9).

Waltheof, Earl of Northampton: 47; 335.

Ward, Rev. Lucas, monument, Northampton (23) 370.

Waster, medieval, 392.

Watkin
-, Edward, wife Elizabeth, and daughters, monument, Northampton (23) 368.
-, Rev. John, wife Sibbell, monument, Northampton (23) 369.

Watts, Rev. Thomas, wife Beatrice, son Rev. Thomas, monument, Northampton (22) 360.

Weaving combs
-, Iron Age, 282.
-, Roman, Moulton (2).

Weaving-shed, Saxon, Upton (5).

Weight, steelyard, 387.

Wells
-, Roman: Duston (5); Hardingstone (18); Kingsthorpe (6).
-, Medieval: 300; 388; Northampton (49).

Whetstones, Iron Age, 282.

Whiting
-, Anne, monument, Northampton (23) 368.
-, See also Masons, monumental.

Whitton, Edward, monument, Northampton (21) 351.

Willoughby, Thomas, font presented by, Northampton (21) 351.

Windmill, possible site of, Abington (5).

Windows
-, Curvilinear tracery, Duston (6) 161.
-, Intersecting tracery: Abington (3) 205; (cast iron) Abington (3) 206; Kingsthorpe (7) 308.
-, Lancet: Abington (3); Dallington (7) 245, 246; Duston (6) 257, 262; Northampton (20); (23) 363, 365; (24); Upton (4); Weston Favell (7); Wootton (10) 429, 430.
-, Low-side: Collingtree (1); Dallington (7).
-, Round-headed (12th-century): Kingsthorpe (7) 307–9; Northampton (22) 358; Upton (4).
-, Venetian, Houghton, Great (9).

Wodnoth, Bridget, Edward and wife Serena, monument, Northampton (23) 370.

Woolston
-, Joseph (1742), Joseph (1753), Frances his wife, monuments, Northampton (22) 360.
-, Ann, husband John, daughter Christian, monument, Northampton (23) 370.

Wright, drawing by, Abington (3).

Wright, Jane (Clarke), monument, Northampton (23) 370.

Wrist clasps, Saxon, Duston (7).

Wristguard, prehistoric, Duston (2) 251.

Wye, John, wife Elizabeth (Ward), son John William, monuments, Northampton (23) 370.