Anno 27 Caroli Secundi.
DIE Martis, 13° die Aprilis, 1675, Anno Regni
Serenissimi Domini nostri Caroli Secundi, Dei
Gratiâ, Angliæ Scociæ, Franc. et Hib. Regis, Fidei
Defensoris, Vicesimo Septimo, quo die præsens hæc
Decima Tertia Sessio tenenda est apud Civitatem Westm.
ibi tam Spirituales quam Temporales Domini, quorum
Nomina subscribuntur, præsentes fuerunt:
|His Royal Highness the Duke of Yorke.
Epus. Cov. et Litch.
Epus. Bath & Wells.
Ds. Finch, Ds. Custos Magni Sigilli.
Thomas Comes de Danby, Thesaurarius Angl.
Arthurus Comes de Anglesey, Ds. Custos Privati Sigilli.
Marq. de Winton.
Marq. de Dorchester.
Robertus Comes de Lyndsey, Magnus Camerarius Angl.
Henricus Comes de Norwic. Comes Marescallus Angl.
Jacobus Comes de Breknock, Senescallus Hospitii Domini Regis.
Comes Pembrooke & Mount.
Vicecomes Say & Seale.
|Ds. Berkeley de Berkeley.
Ds. Arundell de Warder.
Ds. Grey de Warke.
Ds. Howard de Esc.
Ds. Gerard de Brandon.
Ds. Berkley de Strat.
Ds. Arundell de Trerice.
Ds. Butler de Moore Park.
Vis. Newport introduced.
The Lord Keeper acquainted the House, "That
His Majesty hath been pleased to confer an additional Dignity on the Lord Newport, in creating him
Whereupon he was introduced, between Viscount
Fauconberg and Viscount Mordant; the Lord Great
Chamberlain, and the Earl of Suff. supplying the
Place of the Earl Marshal of England, going before,
and Garter King of Arms carrying his Patent, which
his Lordship presented on his Knee at the Lord
Keeper's Woolsack, which was given to the Clerk of
the Parliaments, and read at the Table.
The Patent bears Date the Eleventh Day of March,
in the 27 Year of King Charles the Second, by
which he is created Viscount Newport de Bradford:
Which being done, he was placed at the lower End of
the Earls Bench.
D. of Albemarle takes his Seat.
This Day Christopher Duke of Albemarle sat first as
a Peer in Parliament, upon the Decease of his Father
George Duke of Albemarle.
His Writ of Summons to Parliament bears Date
the 12th Day of April, Anno Regni Regis Caroli 2di
Marq. of Winchester takes his Seat.
Charles Marquis de Winton sat first in Parliament as
a Peer, upon the Decease of his Father John Marquis
His Writ of Summons bears Date the 27th Day of
March, Anno Regni Domini nostri Regis Caroli 2di 27°.
E. of Pembroke takes his Seat.
Phillip Earl of Pembrooke & Mountgomery sat first in
Parliament as a Peer, upon the Death of his Brother
William Earl of Pembrooke & Mount.
His Writ of Summons bears Date the Twelfth Day
of April, Anno Regni Domini nostri Car'l. 2di 27°.
E. of Stamford takes his Seat.
Henry Earl of Stamford sat first in Parliament as a
Peer, upon the Death of Henry Earl of Stamford his
His Writ bears Date the Second Day of April, Anno
Regni Nostri Regis Carol. Secundi 27°.
E. of Clarendon takes his Seat
Henry Earl of Clarendon sat first in Parliament as a
Peer, upon the Death of his Father Edward Earl of
His Writ bears Date the Second Day of April,
Anno Regni nostri Regis Caroli Secundi 27°.
Viscount Say & Seale, ditto.
William Viscount Say et Seale sat first in Parliament as
a Peer, upon the Death of James Viscount Say & Seale,
His Writ bears Date the 29 Day of March, Anno
Regni Regis Nostri Carol. Secundi 27°.
L. Norreys, ditto.
James Norreys, de Ricott, Cheval. sat first in Parliament as a Peer, upon Descent.
His Writ bears Date the Twelfth Day of April, Anno
Regni Nostri Regis Carol. Secundi 27°.
His Majesty sitting in His Royal Throne, in His Regal
Robes and Ornaments, the Peers being also in their
Robes; the Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod was
commanded to signify to the House of Commons His
Majesty's Pleasure, "That they come presently, to attend His Majesty."
The Commons being come, with their Speaker; His
Majesty made a short Speech; (videlicet,)
His Majesty's Speech.
"My Lords and Gentlemen,
"The principal End of My calling you now is, to know
what you think may be yet wanting to the securing of
Religion and Property, and to give Myself the Satisfaction of having used the uttermost of My Endeavours
to procure and settle a right and lasting Understanding
between us; for, I must tell you, I find the contrary
so much laboured, and that the pernicious Designs
of ill Men have taken so much Place under specious
Pretences, that it is high Time to be watchful in
preventing their Contrivances; of which it is not the
least, that they would, by all the Means they can
devise, make it unpracticable any longer to continue
this present Parliament: For that Reason, I confess,
I cannot think such have any good Meaning to Me;
and therefore, when I consider how much the greatest
Part of this Parliament has, either themselves, or
Fathers, given Me Testimony of their Affections and
Loyalty, I should be extreme loath to oblige those
Enemies, by parting with such Friends; and they
may be assured, that none shall be able to recommend
themselves to Me by any other Way than their good
"I have done as much as on My Part was possible, to extinguish the Fears and Jealousies of
Popery, and will leave nothing undone that may
shew the World My Zeal for the Protestant Religion
as it is established in the Church of England, from
which I will never depart.
"I must needs recommend to you the Condition of
the Fleet, which I am not able to put into that State
it ought to be; and which will require so much Time
to repair and build, that I should be sorry to see
this Summer (and consequently a whole Year) lost,
without providing for it.
"The Season of the Year will not admit any long
Session; nor would I have called you now, but in
Hopes to do something that may give Content to all
My Subjects, and lay before you the Consideration
of the Fleet; for I intend to meet you again at
"In the mean Time, I earnestly recommend to you
all such a Temper and Moderation in your Proceedings, as may tend to unite us all in Counsel and Affection, and disappoint the Expectation of those who
hope only by violent and irregular Motions to prevent the bringing of this Session to a happy Conclusion.
"The rest I leave to the Lord Keeper."
Then the Lord Keeper spake as followeth:
Lord Keeper's Speech.
"My Lords; and you the Knights, Citizens, and
Burgesses of the House of Commons;
"The Solemnity of this Day's Appearance is equal
to the Weight and Importance of the Occasion. The
Matters to be treated of deserve no less than an Assembly of the Three Estates, and a full Concourse
of all the wise and excellent Persons who bear a
Part in this Great Council, and do constitute and
complete this High and Honourable Court.
"The King hath called you, at this Time, to examine and concur with Him in the best Expedients
for the Preservation of the Protestant Religion, for
securing the Establishment of it by a due Execution
of the Laws, for providing for the Safety of the
Kingdom, and for the Improvement of its Honour
and Reputation; and withal, in order to these Ends,
and above all the rest, to unite the Hearts of His
Parliament and People to Himself, by all the Emanations of Grace and Goodness that from a great and
generous Prince can be expected.
"To all which the King is pleased to add, the Consideration of Your Liberties and Properties; and
while He does so, you may be sure, that He who is
so careful of your Rights will be mindful of His
own too; for He that does Justice to all, can never
be wanting to Himself.
"These Points are such, as though they be but
mentioned by the King, though they are but only
touched, as I may say, by His Golden Sceptre, yet
this Royal Declaration of Himself, joined to what He
hath already done, doth not only raise all our Hopes,
but carries in itself so evident an Assurance, and is
stampt by so sacred an Authority, that there remains
no Place for doubting, nothing can be added to the
Efficacy of it.
"His Majesty begins with the Consideration of Religion. He sees it is the First Thing in all your
Thoughts; and you cannot but see that it hath been,
and still is, the First and principal Part of His Care.
"His Majesty hath considered Religion, First, in
general, as it is Protestant, and stands in Opposition
to Popery; and upon this Account it is that He hath
awakened all the Laws against the Papists: There is
not One Statute extant in all the Volume of our
Laws, but His Majesty hath now put it in a Way of
taking its full Course against them; and upon this
Account also it is, that, in a League lately renewed
with a Protestant Crown, His Majesty hath made it
One Article of that League, That there shall be a
mutual Defence of the Protestant Religion.
"His Majesty hath considered Religion again more
particularly, as it is the Protestant Religion established
by Law in the Church of England: He sees, that as
such, it is not only best suited to the Monarchy,
and most likely to defend it, but most able to defend
iself against the Enemies of all Reformation; and
therefore upon this Account it is, that His Majesty,
with equal and impartial Justice, hath revived all
the Laws against Dissenters and Non-conformists;
but not with equal Severity; for the Laws against
the Papists are edged, and the Execution of them
quickened, by new Rewards proposed to the Informers; those against Dissenters are left to that
Strength which they have already. Both these, and
all other Laws whatsoever, are always understood to
be subject to the Pleasure of a Parliament, which
may alter, amend, or explain themselves, as they see
Cause, and according unto Public Convenience.
"For, when we consider Religion in Parliament, we
are supposed to consider it as a Parliament should do,
and as Parliaments in all Ages have done; that is,
as it is a Part of our Laws, a Part, and a necessary
Part, of our Government: For, as it works upon the
Conscience, as it is an inward Principle of the Divine Life by which good Men do govern all their
Actions, the State hath nothing to do with it, it is
a Thing which belongs to another Kind of Commission than that by which we sit here.
"Now, as it relates to Government, 'tis somewhat
an unpleasant Observation, to see how slow many inferior Magistrates are in the Discharge of this Part
of their Duty, which refers to the Safety of the
Church against the Enemies on both Sides of it, the
Papists and the Dissenters: For this is that which
opens Mens Mouths to object against the Laws themselves; this is that which encourages Offenders to
dispute that Authority which they should obey, and
to judge those Laws by which they ought to be
judged. They have found a Way to make even
Justice itself criminal, by giving it a hard Name, and
calling it Persecution.
"To what a strange Kind of Perplexity do Men
labour to reduce this Government: If the Laws
against Recusants be not executed, the Church of
England is abandoned; if they be, all Sorts of Recusants complain of Persecution, as if the Abandoning of the Church of England were not in some
Sense a Persecution too.
"Let us suppose that possible, which the Piety and
Goodness of the King hath made next to impossible:
But let it be for once supposed, that the Church of
England were forsaken, her Authority made insignificant, her Government precarious; suppose her disarmed of all those Laws by which she is guarded,
denied all Aid from the Civil Magistrate, and that
none were obliged to obey her Commands but those
that have a Mind to it! Would not this turn a National Church into nothing else but a tolerated Sect
or Party in the Nation? would it not take away all
Appearance of Establishment from it? would it not
drive the Church into the Wilderness again, where
she should be sure to find herself encompassed with
all Sorts of Enemies, if at least she could find herself at all, in the Midst of so many Tolerations?
"Seeing then no Way can be taken, but one Side
or other will either call or think it Persecution, the
Choice is not difficult; it is better to have a strict
Rule than none at all, better to make the Law that
Rule than to leave every Man to be a Law and a
Rule unto himself.
"Happy is that Government when Men complain of
the strict Execution of the Laws, especially when a
Parliament is sitting which can take the truest Measures, and where the Wisdom of the Nation is to
judge of the Interest of it.
"In the next Place, the King hath thought fit to
direct your Considerations upon the Safety and Honour of the State; both which are then best provided for, when we keep up the Strength and Reputation of our Fleet.
"So the Roman State thought, when (as the Orator
tells us) they decreed, Non solum Præsidii, sed etiam
ornandi Imperii causâ navigandum esse.
"'Tis not altogether the natural Decay of Shipping,
no, nor the Accidents of War, that have lessened
our Fleet, though something may be attributed to
both these; but our Fleet seems rather to be weakened for the present, by being out-grown, and
out-built by our Neighbours.
"Now, as the Times of Youth and Health are best
employed in providing against the Incommodities and
Inconveniences of Sickness and old Age; so there
cannot be a better Use made of Times of Peace, than
to provide for Times of War; there cannot be a
greater Security against your Enemies, than to be
always in a Posture ready to receive them.
"Fleets may secure you Abroad, but good Laws
are necessary to preserve you at Home. Nothing
recommends the present Age unto Posterity so much
as the Wisdom and the Temper of the Laws that
are made in it; for all succeeding Ages judge of
our Laws, as we do of our Ancestors, by the true
and unerring Rule of Experience.
"In making of Laws, therefore, it will import us to
consider, That too many Laws are a Snare, too few
are a Weakness in the Government; too gentle are
seldom obeyed, too severe are as seldom executed;
and Sanguinary Laws are, for the most Part, either
the Cause or the Effect of a Distemper in the State.
"To establish this State, there seems not to need
many new Laws: Some will always be wanting;
and though all that is wanting should not now be
finished, yet whatever shall remain unfinished, may
be perfected in Winter; at which Time, we have a
gracious Intimation from His Majesty, that we shall
"But, left your greater and weightier Affairs should
make you pass by Things of lesser Moment, it may
not be amiss to put you in Mind to provide against
the Excess of new Buildings near London and Westminster: 'Tis a growing Mischief, which nothing
but a new Law can put a Stop to; a Mischief which
for a long Time hath depopulated the Country, and
now begins to depopulate the City too, by leaving
a great Part of it uninhabited.
"Yet, that you may not only entertain yourselves
with careful and provident Thoughts for the future, be pleased a little to consider and rejoice in the
Happiness of our present Estate.
"If we look upon the State of Things Abroad, we
shall find ourselves in such Circumstances, that it
were great Impiety not to acknowledge those Mercies which, by a rare Felicity, have distinguished us
from our now miserable Neighbours.
"Wars and Confusions cover the Face of the rest
of the Christian World; while we have no other
Part in all these Afflictions but that of a Christian
"We are newly gotten out of an expensive War,
and gotten out of it upon Terms more honourable
than ever. The whole World is now in Peace with
us, all Ports are open to us, and we exercise a free
and uninterrupted Traffic through the Ocean; and
we are reaping the Fruits of all this Peace, by a
daily Improvement of our Trade, and in the Increase
of our Shipping and Navigation.
"Our Constitution seems to be so vigorous and so
strong, that nothing can disorder it but ourselves.
"No Influences of the Stars, no Configurations of
the Heavens, are to be feared, so long as these
Two Houses stand in a good Disposition to each other,
and both of them in a happy Conjunction with their
Lord and Sovereign.
"Why should we doubt it? Never was Discord
"A Difference in Matters of the Church would
gratify the Enemies of our Religion, and do them
more Service than the best of their Auxiliaries.
"A Difference in Matters of State would gratify
our Enemies too, the Enemies of our Peace, the
Enemies of this Parliament; even all those, both at
Home and Abroad, that hope to see, and practise to
bring about, new Changes and Revolutions in the
"They understand well enough that the best Health
may be destroyed by too much Care of it; an anxious scrupulous Care, a Care that is always tampering, a Care that labours so long to purge all ill
Humours out of the Body, that at last it leaves neither good Blood nor Spirits behind.
"In like Manner, there are Two Symptoms which
are dangerous in every State, and of which the Historian hath long since given us Warning.
"One is, when Men do Quieta movere, when they
stir those Things or Questions which are and ought
to be in Peace; and, like unskilful Architects, think
to mend the Building by removing all the Materials
which are not placed as they would have them.
"Another is, Cum Res parvæ magnis Motibus aguntur, when Things that are not of the greatest Moment are agitated with the greatest Heat, and as
much Weight is laid upon a new, and not always
very necessary Proposition, as if the whole Sum of
Affairs depended upon it.
"Who doth not see that there are in all Governments Difficulties more than enough, though they
meet with no intestine Divisions; Difficulties of such
a Nature, that the united Endeavours of the State
can hardly struggle with? But, after all is done that
can be, they will still remain insuperable.
"This is that which makes the Crowns of Princes,
when they are worn by the clearest and the noblest
Title, and supported with the mightiest Aids, yet at
the best but Wreaths of glorious Thorns. He that
would go about to add to the Cares and Solicitudes
of His Prince, does what in him lies to make those
Thorns pierce deeper and sit closer to the Royal
Diadem than ever they did before.
"No Zeal can excuse it; for, as there may be a
Religious Zeal, a Zeal for GOD which is not according to Knowledge, so there may be a State Zeal, a
Zeal for the Public which is not according to Prudence, at least not according to the Degree of Prudence which the same Men have when they are not
under the Transport of such a servent Passion.
"Hath it not been a strange Mistake in some General
Councils, and a Mistake which is fatal at this Day
to the Peace of the Christian Church, that in most
of their Canons and Sanctions they have more considered whom they should oppose, than what they
"And may it not prove a Piece of as ill Conduct
in any Secular Assembly, to pursue good Ends by
violent Means, and, in the Heat of that Pursuit, to
choose rather to lose that Good they might have
compassed, than to fall short of any of those good
Ends which they have once proposed unto themselves?
"My Lords and Gentlemen,
"The King is far, infinitely far, from fearing any
Excess of this Kind here. He knows too well the
Wisdom, the Honour, and the Loyalty, of this great
Assembly, to apprehend any Kind of Error, either
in your Judgements or your Affections.
"He does not only find Himself safe, but He thinks
Himself armed too, while He is attended with such
a Nobility, such a Gentry, as this.
"You that were able to raise the King's Affairs
when they were in their lowest and most deplored
Condition, will surely be able to keep them from
"You that were able to make this Government take
Root again, will surely be able to preserve it in a
growing and a flourishing Estate.
"Such Pilots need not fear a Storm. If you could,
this Consideration alone were enough to support you,
That you carry Cæsar and His Fortunes: You serve
a Prince, in whose Preservation Miracles are become
familiar; a Prince, in whose Style Dei Gratia seems
not to be written by a vulgar Pen, but by the Arm
of Omnipotence itself.
"Raise up then, by your Example, the Hearts and
Hopes of all those whom ill Men have wrought
upon to such a Degree, as to cast them into a Sadness, and into a Despondency, which is most unreasonable. What the Romans scorned to do after the
Battle of Cannæ, what the Venetians never did when
they had lost all their Terra Firma, that Men are now
taught to think a Virtue, and the Sign of a wise and
good Man, Desperare de Republica; and all this in a
Time of as much Justice and Peace at Home, as
good Laws for the Security of Religion and Liberty,
as good Execution of these Laws, as great Plenty of
Trade and Commerce Abroad, and as likely a Conjuncture of Affairs for the Continuance of these
Blessings to us, as ever Nation prospered under.
"Confirm the Faith then of those that are made
weak, by shewing them the Stedfastness of your Belief. Give the King the Hearts of all His Subjects,
by making Him a Present of yours.
"Then will the King esteem Himself a richer Prince
than if He were possessed of all the Treasures of the
East. Then, though this Session should close in a
few Weeks, yet it may be perpetual, for the Fruit
it shall produce, and for the Commemoration that
will follow it. Then will this Year be a true Year
of Jubilee; and we shall have nothing left to wish or
pray for in this World, but the blessed Continuance
of His Majesty's long and happy Reign over us."
Address of Thanks to be presented to the King for His Speech.
It was moved, "That this House might present
humble Thanks to His Majesty, for His Speech this
And, after some Consideration, Two Questions were
1. "Whether the humble Thanks of this House
shall be now presented to His Majesty, for
His Gracious Speech."
2. "Whether the humble Thanks of this House
shall be presented to His Majesty, for His
Gracious Expressions in His Speech."
Then the Question being put, "Whether the
First Question shall be put?"
It was Resolved in the Affirmative.
The Question being put, "Whether the humble
Thanks of this House shall be now presented
to His Majesty, for His Gracious Speech?"
It was Resolved in the Affirmative.
Protest against it.
Memorandum, That, before the putting of the
abovesaid Question, these Lords following desired
Leave to enter their Dissents, if the Question
was carried in the Affirmative; and accordingly
did enter their Dissents, as followeth:
"The Question being put, To give the King Thanks
for His Speech; and we proposing to thank His Majesty for His Gracious Expressions in His Speech,
and it being laid aside, do think fit to enter our Dissent to the Vote as it is now passed, because of the
ill Consequence we apprehend may be from it, and
that we think this Manner of Proceeding not so suitable with the Liberty of Debate necessary to this
ORDERED, That the Lord High Treasurer, the
Lord Great Chamberlain, the Lord Steward, and the
Lord Chamberlain of His Majesty's Household, the
Lord Bishop of Durham, the Lord Bishop of Winchester,
the Lord Berkley, and the Lord Maynard, are appointed
to present the humble Thanks of this House to His
Majesty, for His Gracious Speech; and to desire that
His Majesty would be pleased to give Order that both
it and the Lord Keeper's Speech made this Day may
ORDERED, That the Lord Steward and Lord Chamberlain of His Majesty's Household, do attend His Majesty, to know what Time He will please to appoint
to receive the humble Thanks of this House, for His
Dominus Custos Magni Sigilli declaravit præsens Parliamentum continuandum esse usque in diem Mercurii,
14um diem instantis Aprilis, hora decima Aurora, Dominis sic decernentibus.