By 1279 the abbot
of Eynsham and the Colville family each held
the view of frankpledge and the assize of bread
and of ale in Histon. (fn. 15) Both manors had tenants
in Impington. (fn. 16)
Court records for both Histon manors survive
from 1627 to 1935, with a gap 1698-1700. (fn. 17)
Courts for St. Andrew's and St. Etheldred's
were nearly always held on the same day but
separately and with different jurors. Business
was almost entirely tenurial, though agricultural
bylaws were drawn up from time to time. (fn. 18) In
the mid 18th century the jurors elected four field
reeves and a pinder, (fn. 19) the latter office still being
filled in 1871. (fn. 20)
In the late 17th century and the early 18th the
overseers demanded bonds that apprentices and
others would not become a charge on the parish. (fn. 21) Expenditure on the poor in the late 18th
century was relatively low for the district, even
when it more than doubled after 1776 to c. 11s.
for each head of population in 1803. At that date
there were 28 adult parishioners and 19 children
on permanent relief and 100 being given occasional assistance, (fn. 22) little more than a quarter
of the population in all. The overseers in 1799
bought wool and paid poor women to spin it,
and in 1812 briefly employed children in spinning and knitting. (fn. 23) In common with neighbouring parishes, the cost of poor relief remained
high during and after the Napoleonic wars,
though it did not increase as sharply as elsewhere,
reaching a peak of £973, c. 24s. a head, in 1833. (fn. 24)
Histon was part of Chesterton poor-law union
from 1836, (fn. 25) Chesterton rural district from
1894, (fn. 26) and South Cambridgeshire district from
1974. (fn. 27)
Rot. Hund. (Rec. Com.), ii. 411-13; Eynsham Cart. i,
||Below, Impington, local govt.
||C.R.O., 305, ct. rolls, bks., and min. bk. (24 items,
||Above, econ. hist.
||C.R.O., 305, ct. bk. L, 1728-53, pp. 22, 525 (uncat.).
||Ibid. ct. bk. St. Andrew 1863-1935, p. 87 (uncat.).
||Hampson, Poverty in Cambs. 128 n., 162.
Poor Law Abstract, 1804, 34-5.
||Hampson, Poverty in Cambs. 209-10, citing C.R.O., P
Poor Law Abstract, 1818, 28-9; Poor Rate Returns,
1816-21, 10; 1822-4, 37; 1825-9, 15; 1830-4, 15.
Poor Law Com. 2nd Rep. 512.