High Ongar


Victoria County History



W. R. Powell (Editor)

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'High Ongar: Schools', A History of the County of Essex: Volume 4: Ongar Hundred (1956), pp. 186-187. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=15643 Date accessed: 24 November 2014.


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William Pawne (d. 1578) directed in his will that the residue of his estate should be used to establish and maintain a school in his manor of Chivers Hall (see above). (fn. 65) There is no sign that such a school was in fact founded.

By the terms of Dr. Walker's Charity (founded 1687) a child from High Ongar might be sent to the charity school at Fyfield (q.v.). How long the right was exercised is not clear. It had been commuted by 1834 for a small cash payment and later lapsed altogether (see below, Charities).

About 1799 the rector's wife and two other ladies established a girls' school at High Ongar, and by 1807 some 20 girls were learning to read and sew. (fn. 66) This experiment was probably the origin of the National School which by 1816 was receiving some £31 in annual subscriptions. (fn. 67) In 1818 there were about 60 children at this school, mostly girls, and 74 others attended the Sunday schools held in conjunction with it. (fn. 68) In 1828 the day pupils were said to number 80 and in 1833, 89. (fn. 69) These figures, however, were probably inflated by the inclusion of children who only attended the Sunday school, for in 1835 there were said to be only 60 at the day school. (fn. 70) The rector seems to have owned the school building, which was situated at the east end of the village on the south side of the road; subscribers helped to maintain the school. (fn. 71) In 1846-7 there were 77 pupils under a mistress who was paid £50 a year. (fn. 72) About the same time the rector helped to maintain a dame school, possibly in some other part of the parish. (fn. 73) There were also private and dame schools, unconnected with the church; in 1833 there were five, including one boarding-school, and 71 children were attending them. (fn. 74)

In 1867 a new school was built opposite the church, with accommodation for 135 and a teacher's house. Subscribers gave £1,097 and the Education Department a building grant of £201. (fn. 75) Since a school had recently been established at Paslow Wood Common and there was also another school in the parish with 15 pupils, (fn. 76) the new church school was sufficient for the needs of High Ongar's stationary population. The Education Department stated in 1872 that no more accommodation was necessary. (fn. 77) Attendance at the school rose hardly at all before 1880, when it was only 72, but by 1886 it had risen to 119. (fn. 78) The building was therefore enlarged in 1887 to accommodate 160. (fn. 79) The annual grant rose from £58 in 1873 to £95 in 1886. (fn. 80)

In 1890 a school board was established at High Ongar and in that year it accepted transfer of the building for use as a board school on weekdays. (fn. 81) By the Education Act of 1902 the school passed under the administration of the Essex Education Committee, Ongar District. In 1904 there were 153 children on the books, 4 teachers, 2 of them certificated, and a monitress. (fn. 82) Attendance subsequently fell, to 91 in 1915 and 62 in 1938. (fn. 83) In 1936 the school was reorganized for mixed juniors and infants, the seniors being transferred to the new school at Chipping Ongar. (fn. 84) In May 1952 there were 90 children under 3 teachers. (fn. 85) The building, opposite the church, is single-storied and of red brick, with teacher's house attached.

In 1865 a wooden building was erected near Nine Ashes Farm, Paslow Wood Common, for use as a church school, the cost being met by subscription. (fn. 86) The attendance was at first small: an average of 29 in 1880 and 28 in 1886. (fn. 87) In 1892 it began to rise, additional pupils coming from Norton Mandeville, where the school had recently been closed, and Blackmore, where the school was overcrowded. (fn. 88) By 1893 there were 56 children on the books, although there was adequate accommodation only for 50. The school board, which had accepted transfer of the building in 1890, considered its enlargement but eventually decided to build a new school a short distance to the south-west of the existing one. (fn. 89) The new school was opened in 1895 with accommodation for 88. (fn. 90) Attendance rose to 92 in 1904; there were then 3 teachers. (fn. 91) The annual grant increased from £28 in 1893 to £67 in 1902. (fn. 92)

By the Act of 1902 this school passed under the administration of the Essex Education Committee, Ongar District. The average attendance fluctuated in the following years: 52 in 1915 and 63 in 1929. In 1936 the school was reorganized for mixed juniors and infants and in 1938 the average attendance was only 34. (fn. 93) In May 1952 there were 2 teachers and 35 pupils. (fn. 94) The school is a single-story brick building with a slated roof (see plate facing p. 126). The earlier school near Nine Ashes Farm is now used as a mission church.

From about 1890 to 1930 there was a private school for boys (and later girls) at Marden Ash, run by Francis Dawson and by Mrs. Dawson. (fn. 95)


65 C142/181/55.
66 E.R.O., D/AEM 2/4.
67 Nat. Soc. Rep. 1816, p. 52.
68 Retns. Educ. Poor, H.C. 224, p. 264 (1819), ix (1).
69 Nat. Soc. Rep. 1828, p. 72; Educ. Enquiry Abstr. H.C. 62, p. 285 (1835), xli.
70 Rep. Com. Char. (Essex), H.C. 216, p. 240 (1835), xxi (1).
71 Ibid.; E.R.O., D/CT 263.
72 Nat. Soc. Enquiry into Church Schs. 1846-7, pp. 14-15.
73 Ibid.
74 Educ. Enquiry Abstr. p. 285.
75 Min. of Educ. File 13/198.
76 Retns. Elem. Educ. H.C. 201, pp. 112-13 (1871), lv.
77 Chelmsford Chron. 2 Aug. 1872.
78 Rep. of Educ. Cttee. of Council, 1880 [C. 2948-1], p. 577, H.C. (1881), xxxii; ibid. 1886 [C. 5123-1], p. 519, H.C. (1887), xxviii.
79 Kelly's Dir. Essex (1899).
80 Essex Standard, 28 Oct. 1874; Rep. of Educ. Cttee. of Council, 1886, p. 519.
81 Min. of Educ. File 13/198.
82 Essex Educ. Cttee. Handbk. 1904, p. 184.
83 Min. of Educ. File 13/198.
84 Inf. from Essex Educ. Cttee.
85 Ibid.
86 Min. of Educ. File 13/199.
87 Rep. of Educ. Cttee. of Council, 1880, p. 577; ibid. 1886, p. 519.
88 Min. of Educ. File 13/199.
89 Ibid.; Retn. of Schs. 1893 [C. 7529], p. 714, H.C. (1894), lxv.
90 Min. of Educ. File 13/199; Schs. under Bd. of Educ. 1902 [Cd. 1490], p. 71, H.C. (1903), li.
91 Essex Educ. Cttee. Handbk. 1904, p. 186.
92 Retn. of Schs. 1893, p. 714; Schs. under Bd. of Educ. 1902, p. 71.
93 Min. of Educ. File 13/199.
94 Inf. from Essex Educ. Cttee.
95 Kelly's Dir. Essex (1890 f.).