There was a court for
Randwick manor in 1267 (fn. 47) but no later reference to
it has been found.
There were two churchwardens from the 15th
century. (fn. 48) Their accounts are extant from 1771.
In the late 18th century the parish was divided for
rating purposes into an upper and lower division
with a churchwarden responsible for each. (fn. 49)
Accounts of surveyors of the highways survive from
1824 to 1838. (fn. 50)
Records of poor law administration survive in the
vestry minutes from 1770 to 1837 and in overseers'
accounts from 1824 to 1838. (fn. 51) The nature of the
parish with its large, mainly non-agricultural
population made poor relief a chronic problem
which was aggravated by the distress among the
weavers in the early 19th century. In 1677 the parish
was said to be unable to maintain its poor and a rate
was ordered to be levied on other parishes in the
hundred. (fn. 52) In the early 18th century the rates at
Randwick were said to be the highest in the
county. (fn. 53) The usual forms of relief were being
applied in the 1770s, but in 1782 a workhouse was
built on the site of the old church house, which had
been used for the poor. (fn. 54) From 1785 the workhouse
was managed by a general overseer; from 1802 two
overseers of the poor were appointed and from 1811
one was salaried. In 1828 and 1829 the poor were
farmed, and from 1832 there were two overseers
and a salaried assistant overseer. In 1835 a doctor
was retained for an annual payment. (fn. 55) In 1829 a
select vestry was formed to supervise the management of the poor. (fn. 56)
From 1811 or earlier pin-making for a Gloucester
factory was carried on in the workhouse, (fn. 57) but in
1829 most of the female poor did spinning and the
men work on the roads. (fn. 58) In 1832 a local resident
organized the unemployed men of the village in
road-works and established a scheme of payment in
tools or in clothes, some of them made by the
women; a small allotment scheme was also started. (fn. 59)
Several villagers are said to have emigrated in the
early 19th century (fn. 60) but there is no evidence that
that was part of parish policy. In 1803 54 people
were receiving permanent relief outside the workhouse and 79 occasional relief, (fn. 61) and in 1815 66
people were receiving permanent relief and 70
occasional relief; (fn. 62) the numbers, and in the 1820s
and 1830s the cost of relief, (fn. 63) were well above those
in the other parishes of the division of the hundred.
In 1815 the workhouse housed 8 paupers (fn. 64) and 15 in
1831. (fn. 65)
In 1836 Randwick became a part of the Stroud
Union (fn. 66) and remained in the Stroud Rural District
Hist. & Cart. Mon. Glouc. (Rolls Ser.), iii. 46.
||Hockaday Abs. xxi, 1498 visit. f. 10.
||Glos. R.O., P 263/CW 2/1.
||Ibid. SU 2/1.
||Ibid. P 263/VE 2/1-2; OV 2/1.
||Glos. R.O., Q/SO 1, ff. 156v.-157.
||Atkyns, Glos. 617.
||Rudder, Glos. 619; cf. above, p. 224.
||Glos. R.O., P 263/VE 2/1.
||Ibid. VE 3/1.
||Ibid. VE 2/1; OV 2/1.
||Ibid. VE 2/2.
||Glos. Colln. RQ 246.1.
||Fennemore, Randwick, 17.
Poor Law Abstract, 1804, 184-5.
||Ibid. 1818, 158-9.
Poor Law Returns, H.C. 83, p. 72 (1830-1), xi; H.C.
444, p. 70 (1835), xlvii.
Poor Law Abstract, 1818, 158-9.
||Glos. R.O., P 263/OV 2/1.
Poor Law Com. 2nd Rep. pp. 523-4.