72. Mining Royalties 1889-93
App. 14 Aug 1889. Rep. (1) 31 July 1890, C.6195, xxxvi; (2) 31 March 1891,
(3) 22 July 1891: 1890-91, C.6331, and C.6529, xli, 375, & 817; (4) 8 March
1893, C.6979; (5) 24 March 1893: 1893-4, C.6980, xli. Cost £6,012.
Earl of Northbrook; Lord Macnaghten; Sir W.T. Lewis; W. Abraham; A. Barnes;
T. Burt; D. Dale; G.B. Forster; H.H. Gibbs; A. Hood; G.A. Jamieson; W.
Kenrick; J. Knowles; J.E.C. Munro; W.C. Pendarves; C.T. Redington; F.P.
Rhodes; R.C. Robertson; J. Thomas; C.A. Whitmore; N. Wood (d. 1893).
Secretary: H. Lyon.
To inquire into royalties paid on metals of United Kingdom mines subject to the
Metalliferous Mines Act of 1872 and into the terms and conditions under which
mining enterprise was conducted in India, the Colonies and Foreign Countries.
73. Westminster Abbey 1890-91
App. 26 Apr 1890. Rep. (1) 30 July 1890, C.6228; (2) 24 June 1891: 1890-91,
C.6398, xliv, 575. Cost £988.
D.R. Plunket; Sir A.H. Layard; Sir F. Leighton; G.G. Bradley; L.J. Jennings; A.
Secretary: Hon. H. Dillon.
To inquire into the present state of the Abbey of Westminster as regards space
for interment and memorials.
The final report was signed by all, but with a note of dissension to the last
paragraph from Layard, Leighton and Bradley.
74. Tuberculosis 1890-95
App. 21 July 1890. Rep. 3 Apr 1895, C.7703, xxxv, 615. Other papers: 1896,
C.7992, xlvi. Cost £6,156.
Lord Basing; G.T. Brown; G. Buchanan (ktd. 1892); J.F. Payne; J.B. Sanderson.
Secretary: C.E.L.B. Hudson. (Physician; named in Warr.)
Basing died 22 Oct 1894 and a new Commission was warranted on 15 Nov 1894,
with Buchanan as Chairman, but there were no other new appointments.
To inquire and report on the effect of food from tuberculous animals on human
The report was signed by all members; Brown produced a further report 10 Apr
75. Redemption of Tithe in England and Wales 1891-92
App. 31 Jan 1891. Rep. 18 Feb 1892, C.6606-i, xlvii, 341. Cost £636.
Lord Basing; G. Cubitt; H.H. Fowler; Sir H.H. Vivian; F.M. White; W.J. Beadel;
Secretary: J. Graham. (Bd. of Agriculture; named in Warr.)
To inquire into the redemption of tithe rentcharge in England and Wales under
the Tithe Commutation Act 1836 and its amendments, and to report on any
changes which might be required.
PRO.HO.45/9834/B 10005 concerns the non-payment of the Secretary. The
Treasury view, which prevailed, was that as Graham was already in receipt of a
salary from the Board of Agriculture he was not entitled to the payment of £400
per annum which was usual for Secretaries of Royal Commissions, but they were
prepared to authorise a gratuity of £250 (25 Aug 1892).
76. Explosions in Mines 1890-94
App. 9 Feb 1891. Rep. (1) 30 July 1891: 1890-91, C.6543, xxii, 555; (2) 13 June
1894, C.7401-i, xxiv, 583. Cost £1,783.
J. Chamberlain; Lord Rayleigh; Sir W.T. Lewis; H.B. Dixon; E. Bainbridge; C.
Secretary: J. Wilson.
To inquire into the effect of coal dust in the cause of explosions in mines and
whether there were any practicable means to prevent or mitigate any dangers
caused by coal dust.
77. Labour 1891-94
App. 21 Apr 1891. Rep. (1) 16 March 1892, C.6708, xxxiv; (2) 20 June 1892,
C.6795, xxxvi, Pt.1; (3) 2 Feb 1893: 1893-4, C.6894, xxxii; (4) 1 June 1893:
1893-4, C.7063, xxxix, pt.1; (5) 24 May 1894, C.7421, xxxv, 9; Secretary's
Report C.7421-i, 263. Other papers: 1892, C.6708-i-vi, xxxiv & xxxv;
C.6795-i-xii, xxxvi, Pt.2-5; 1893-4, C.6894-i-xxv, xxxii-xxxvii; C.7063-iv-vC,
xxxviii; C.7063-i-iiiA, xxxix, pt.1; C.7063-vi-xiv, xxxix, pt.2; 1894, C.7540,
xxxv. Cost £31,235 (fn. 1)
Marquess of Hartington (Duke of Devonshire, Dec 1891); Earl of Derby (d. 21
Apr 1893); Sir M.E. Hicks-Beach; A.J. Mundella; H.H. Fowler; L.H. Courtney;
Sir J.E. Gorst; Sir F. Pollock; Sir E.J. Harland; Sir W.T. Lewis; A. Marshall; W.
Abraham; M. Austin; G.W. Balfour; J.C. Bolton; T. Burt; J. Collings; D. Dale;
A. Hewlett; T.H. Ismay; G. Livesey; T. Mann; J. Mawdsley; S. Plimsoll; H. Tait;
E. Trow; W. Tunstill.
Joint Secretaries: G. Drage and J. Burnett. Asst. Sec: F.V. Hornby.
Senior Asst. Commissioner: W.C. Little. Senior Lady Asst. Commissioner: Miss
E. Orme. Asst. Commissioners: Miss M. Abraham; W.E. Bear; C.M. Chapman;
Miss C.E. Collet; A.W. Fox; G.R. Gillespie (d. 13 Oct 1892); Miss M.H. Irwin;
R. McCrea; W.P. O'Brien; R.H. Pringle; R.C. Richards; H. Rutherford; A.J.
Spencer; D.L. Thomas; E. Wilkinson.
The four women named above were the first women appointed to be Assistant
Commissioners. The Secretary's report also notes the appointment of women to
both skilled and routine positions on the staff of the Commission, and records
how successfully they had carried out their work. The total number of clerks on
the Commission was twenty-seven, of whom twenty-one were women; thirteen
of these were Oxbridge graduates. However Drage's public celebration of his
female staff needs to be qualified by the lengthy statement of one clerk, Miss
Wilson, of her claim against wrongful dismissal (PRO.HO.45/9837/B 10296/102).
To inquire into the relations between employer and employed; combinations of
employers and employed; conditions of labour, which had been raised during the
recent trade disputes in the United Kingdom; and to report on whether and what
legislation would help to remedy any evils that may be disclosed.
The Commission formed three sub-committees to cope with its wide-reaching
terms of reference, these were chaired by Dale, Derby and Mundella. The final
report was split: eighteen of the Commissioners signed the majority report;
Lewis, Bolton, Livesey, Devonshire, Dale, Hicks-Beach, Courtney, Pollock,
Ismay, Tunstill, Collings and Trow appended various observations and minor
dissensions. Two minority reports were produced: the first by Abraham, Austin,
Mawdsley and Mann; the second by Gorst. Fowler and Tait did not sign.
At the end of the Commission Drage published a book entitled The Unemployed
(Macmillan 1894), which was highly critical of the Board of Trade. Courtenay
Boyle (Permanent Secretary, Bd. of Trade) wrote to the Home Department (24
July 1894) to record that it was 'entirely opposed to the interests of the Public
Service that Secretaries of Royal Commissions should be allowed to publish
documents assailing Departments of State' and 'if the precedent created by it
were followed in other cases, would tend greatly to impair those
Inter-Departmental courtesies and amenities upon which the administration of the
affairs of the State so largely depends'. Home Office advice was that no action
could be taken although such impropriety meant that Drage would no longer be
considered for public office. (PRO.HO.45/9837/B 10296A) However this
prohibition was not permanent and in October 1917 he took up the appointment
of Director of Investigations for the Board of Agriculture. See also
PRO.HO.45/9842/B11168; 9837/B10296. He also wrote a number of other
publications which drew upon the work of the Commission, including The
Problem of the Aged Poor (1895), and The Labour Problem (1896).
78. Metropolitan Water Supply 1892-93
App. 15 March 1892. Rep. 8 Sept 1893: 1893-4, C.7172-i, xl, Pt.1. Other papers:
C.7172-ii-iv, xl, Pt.2. Cost £4,720.
Lord Balfour of Burleigh; Sir G.B. Bruce; Sir A. Geikie; J. Dewar; G.H. Hill; J.
Mansergh; W. Ogle.
Secretary: F. Gaskell.
To inquire into the adequacy of quantity and quality of the metropolitan water
PRO.H0.45/9864/B 13728: Files relating to petitions and correspondence,
79. Draft Charter for proposed Gresham University in London 1892-94
App. 30 Apr 1892. Rep. 24 Jan 1894: 1893-4, C.7259, xxxi, 807. Other papers:
1894, C.7425-i, xxxiv. Cost £2,823.
Earl Cowper; Lord Reay; Bishop Barry; Sir L. Playfair; Sir W.S. Savory; Sir
G.M. Humphry; G.G. Ramsay; G.F. Browne; H. Sidgwick; J.S.B. Sanderson; J.
Anstie; R.C. Palmer; G.H. Rendall.
Secretary: J.L. Goddard. (Barrister; named in Warr.)
To consider and, if necessary, amend, alter or extend the proposed Charter for
the Gresham University in London.
Bishop Barry, Savory, Humphry, Palmer, Rendall, Browne, Reay, Sidgwick and
Anstie attached dissenting notes and alternative recommendations. The
Commission recommended that the University should apply for a new charter to
enable it to become a teaching University and that if such an application was
received by Her Majesty they would then make a further report. This raised a
dilemma for the Home Office which had to decide whether or not the
Commission could prolong its existence in this way, but after some deliberation
it was decided that with the production of a report and its presentation to the
Queen, a Commission was deemed to have ceased. (PRO.H0.45/9774/B1659)
80. Lighthouses 1892-98
App. 13 June 1892. Rep. (1) 8 Dec 1892: 1893-4, C.6844, xxxi; (2) pres. 9 Apr
1894, C.7338, xxxiii, 367; (3) 26 Apr 1895, C.7736, xxxv, 351; (4) 12 May
1896, C.8092, xxxiii, 35; (5) pres. 8 Feb 1898, C.8675, xxxiii, 213. Cost £3,059.
Earl of Mount-Edgcumbe; Sir E. Birkbeck; Sir F.L. M'Clintock; Sir G.S. Nares;
J.C. Lamb; R.C. Munro-Ferguson; E. Graves; J.A. Kempe; H.L. Mulholland.
Secretary: G. Roper. (Named in Warr.)
Subsequent Commissions of 26 Nov 1892, and 21 June 1893 appointed W.H.
Preece in place of Graves who died 9 Nov 1892; and E.G. Moggridge as
Secretary in place of Roper who had resigned.
To inquire and report what lighthouses and light-vessels should be connected to
the telegraphic system of the United Kingdom ... without impairing the efficiency
of the Light Service.
81. Highlands and Islands 1892-95
App. 6 Dec 1892. Rep. 19 March 1895, C.7681, xxxviii. Other papers: C.7668,
xxxviii & C.7668i-ii, xxxix pts. 1&2. Cost £11,365. (LPGS)
D. Brand; M.H. Shaw-Stewart; A. Sutherland; J.N.M. Forsyth; G. Gordon; J.M.
M'Callum; J. Macleod; H. Munro.
Secretary: W. Mackenzie.
To inquire into whether land in the counties of Argyll, Inverness, Ross and
Cromarty, Sutherland, Caithness, and Orkney and Shetland currently used for
deer forests, grouse moors or other sporting purposes could be used for
cultivation by crofters or other small tenants.
Forsyth authorised the chairman to sign for him as he had left the country before
the report was prepared. Shaw-Stewart, Forsyth, Gordon, MacCallum and Munro
added various reservations.
82. Aged Poor 1893-95
App. 7 Jan 1893. Rep. 26 Feb 1895, C.7684-i, xiv; C.7684-ii, xv. Cost £2,364.
Lord Aberdare; Prince of Wales; Lord Lingen; Lord Brassey; Lord Playfair; J.
Chamberlain; C.T. Ritchie; Sir H.E. Maxwell; J.J. Henley; A. Pell; W.A. Hunter;
J. Stuart; A.C. Humphreys-Owen; C.S. Roundell; C.S. Loch; J. Arch; C. Booth;
H. Broadhurst; J.J. Stockall.
Secretary: E.A. Browne. (Barrister; named in Warr.) Asst. Sec: Viscount
Morpeth. Browne was awarded a gratuity of £600, more than twice the usual
amount, in recognition of the importance and difficulty of his work.
(PRO.T. 13/23/507 and 560)
To consider whether any alterations in the system of Poor Law Relief are
desirable, in the case of persons whose destitution is occasioned by incapacity for
work, resulting from old age, or whether assistance could otherwise be afforded
in those cases. (In full.)
Lord Aberdare died on 25 Feb 1895, the day before the report was ready for
signature; he had been ill for some time and had been replaced as Chairman by
Playfair who had been unanimously elected by his colleagues on 11 Dec 1894.
Hunter was also unable to sign the report due to illness.
The Prince of Wales did not sign the report as he feared to compromise his
political neutrality since the subject of the Commission had become one of party
controversy. The majority report was signed by Lingen, Brassey, Playfair,
Henley, Pell, Humphreys-Owen, Roundell, Loch, Arch and Stockall - all subject
to appended memoranda. Stuart wrote a minority report and also signed a
memorandum with Brassey, Humphreys-Owen and Arch qualifying their support
for the views of the majority. Two other minority reports were produced: the
first by Chamberlain, Ritchie, Maxwell, Hunter and Booth, with additional
memoranda from Ritchie and Booth; and the second by Broadhurst.
83. Welsh Land 1893-96
App. 27 March 1893. Rep. (1) 29 June 1894, C.7439, xxxvi; (2) 26 Aug 1896,
C.8221, xxxiv. Other papers: 1894, C.7439-i-ii, xxxvi, xxxvii; 1895, C.7661, xl;
C.7757, xli; 1896, C.8242, xxxiii, 555; C.8222, xxxv. Cost £8,432.
Lord Carrington; Lord Kenyon; Sir J.T.D. Llewelyn; D.B. Jones; J. Rhys; J.M.
Griffiths; E. Grove; R. Jones; F. Seebohm.
Secretary: D.L. Thomas. Asst. Sec: C.E. Owen. Thomas was unable to work for
several months because of illness and Owen became co-secretary on 6 March
1895. (PRO.T.13/23/482 and H0.45 ref. below)
To inquire into the conditions and circumstances under which land in Wales and
Monmouthshire is held, occupied and cultivated, and to report thereupon. (In
A minority report was signed by Kenyon, Llewelyn and Seebohm.
There were several cases of alleged intimidation of witnesses to the Commission.
Legal opinion was sought as to whether these could be prosecuted under the
terms of the Witnesses Protection Act of 1892, but no action was taken.
The Commissioners wanted to have part of their report translated into Welsh and
the files record the prolonged correspondence regarding this, which includes a list
of those official papers translated into Welsh - a practice apparently only begun
by the Home Office with the Metalliferous Mines Act of 1873. The practice of
other government departments in this matter was given in another Home Office
file, their ref. A.47143B. (PRO.H0.45/9869/B 14051)
84. Unification of London 1893-94
App. 27 March 1893. Rep. 7 Aug 1894, C.7493-i, xvii; C.7493-ii, xviii. Cost
L.H. Courtney; Sir T.H. Farrer; R.D. Holt; H.H. Crawford; E.O. Smith.
Secretary: G.E.Y. Gleadowe (app. by a separate Warr. of 5 Apr 1893).
To consider the proper conditions under which the amalgamation of the City and
the County of London can be effected, and to make specific and practical
proposals for that purpose. (In full.)
Crawford did not sign the report.
85. Opium 1893-95
App. 2 Sept 1893. Rep. (1) 30 Dec 1893: 1894, C.7313, lx, 583; (2) 16 Apr
1895, C.7723-i, xlii, 31. Other papers: 1894, C.7397, C.7419, lxi; C.7471,
C.7473, lxii; 1895, C.7751, xlii. Cost £18,503.
Lord Brassey; Sir J.B. Lyall; Maharajah of Darbhanga; Sir W. Roberts; R.G.C.
Mowbray; A.U. Fanshawe; A. Pease; H. Viharidas; H.J. Wilson.
Secretary: J.P. Hewett (Dept. Sec. to Govt. of India in Home Dept; named in
Warr.); took up an appointment in India and was succeeded by J.A. Baines,
appointed by Warrant of 28 May 1894.
To report on the effects of prohibition of the growth and sale of opium, except
for medical purposes, in British India and whether this could be extended to the
The final report was signed subject to a qualifying memorandum by Singh and
Veharidas. Wilson did not sign and wrote a Minute of Dissent, 18 March 1895,
printed as Appendix IV of the report. C.7751 is a supplement to the report by the
Maharajah of Darbhanga.
86. Agricultural Depression 1893-97
App. 14 Sept 1893. Rep. (1) 4 May 1894, C.7400, xvi, Pt.1. (2) 7 Feb 1896,
C.7981, xvi, 413; (3) 25 June 1897, C.8540, xv. Other papers: 1894, C.7400-i.
C.7365, C.7372, C.7334, C.7374, C.7342, xvi, Pt.1; C.7400-ii-iii, xvi Pt.2 & Pt.3.
1895, C.7728, C.7691, C.7671, C.7755, C.7623, C.7624, C.7735, xvi; C.7842,
C.7871, C.7764, C.7915-i, C.7625, C.7742, xvii. 1896, C.8125, xvi, 469; C.8021
and C.8146, xvii. 1897, C.8541 and C.8300, xv. Cost £12,206.
G.J. Shaw-Lefevre; Viscount Cobham; Lord Vernon; H. Chaplin; Sir R.N.F.
Kingscote; R. Giffen; C.I. Elton; O. Thomas; F.A. Channing; J. Clay; C.N.
Dalton; R.L. Everett; J. Gilmour; G. Lambert; W.C. Little; W.H. Long; C.
Secretary: H. Lyon. (Named in Warr.) Asst. Sec: R.F. Crawford.
A Commission of 3 May 1894 appointed Lord Rendel in place of Vernon who
resigned. Shaw-Lefevre resigned as Chairman on 20 Apr 1896 and on 19 May
Lyon informed the Home Office that the Commissioners had elected Cobham to
replace him. Lyon had previously (8 May) requested guidance from the Home
Office on Shaw-Lefevre's position. He had resigned as Chairman because of his
deep disagreement with his colleagues, but wanted to remain a member so that
he could make his report. However the Home Office advised Lyon that to resign
as Chairman implied resignation from the Commission.
The Commission appointed eight Assistant Commissioners: W. Fream; J. Turner;
A.W. Fox; R.H. Pringle; J. Hope; R.H. Rew; A. Spencer; J. Speir. The file (ref.
above) records Treasury disquiet at the number of Assistant Commissioners and
the length of time for which they were employed. One of the Commissioners,
Mr Clay, a tenant farmer, was paid for his attendance at meetings at the rate of
two guineas a day to compensate him for loss of earnings.
To inquire into the Agricultural Depression prevailing in Great Britain, and
whether it could be alleviated by legislation or other measures.
The dissent which was so marked in the affairs of this Commission surfaced over
the publication of its second report, which was signed by the majority with
reservations and memoranda from Cobham, Thomas, Clay and Everett. All the
signatories produced a series of supplementary reports which were followed by
an objection to the majority's reports by Shaw-Lefevre, Rendel, Giffen and
Lambert who considered it exceptional if not unprecedented for a Commission
to present as an interim report one which recorded so much disagreement
between members. Shaw-Lefevere, Rendel and Giffen produced a minority
report with further, separate reports by Channing and Lambert.
The final report was signed by fourteen Commissioners, ten of whom wrote a
supplementary report. They all signed one or more of the nine reservations or
memoranda which followed the reports. Lambert and Channing again produced
separate minority reports.
The troubles of the Commission continued after their report was published: when
Lyon asked for guidance from the Home Office on the disposal of the
Commission's documents (16 July 1897), the file cover emphatically stated that
'The Board of Agriculture will have nothing to do with them'. It was left to him
to decide which of the documents were to be destroyed and which to be sent to
the Record Office, the Home Office insisting that this was not their
87. Dominica 1893-94
App. 22 Sept 1893. Rep. 10 March 1894, C.7477, lvii, 145. Costs met from
Colonial Funds. (RSM&S)
Sir Robert George Crookshank Hamilton was appointed to inquire into causes
of discontent, and the working of the political constitution of Dominica.
Secretary: R.W. Hamilton. (Son of the above.)
88. Secondary Education in England 1894-96
App. 2 March 1894. Rep. 13 Aug 1895, C.7862 xliii. Other papers: 1895,
C.7862-i-viii, xliv-xlix; 1896, C.8077, xlvi. Cost £5,329.
J. Bryce; Sir J.T. Hibbert; Hon. E. Lyttelton; Sir H.E. Roscoe; E.C. Maclure;
A.M. Fairbairn; R.C. Jebb; R. Wormell; H. Hobhouse; M.E. Sadler; H.L. Smith;
G.J. Cockburn; C. Fenwick; J.H. Yoxall; Lady F. Cavendish; Mrs S. Bryant; Mrs
Secretary: Hon. W.N. Bruce. (Barrister; named in Warr.)
To consider what are the best methods of establishing a well-organised system
of secondary education in England, taking into account existing deficiencies and
having regard to such local sources of revenue from endowment or otherwise as
are available or may be made available for this purpose, and to make
recommendations accordingly. (In full.)
This Commission was the first to include women as full Commissioners. The
Commission appointed fourteen Assistant Commissioners: R.E. Mitcheson; H.T.
Gerrans; Mrs E.S. Armitage; F.E. and Mrs F.A. Kitchener; A.J. Butler; W. and
Mrs E.P. Lee Warner; J. Headlam; J. Massie; Mrs G. Jones; A.P. Laurie; Miss
C.L. Kennedy; JJ. Findlay, whose reports are in C.7862-v-vi. The Treasury
authorised payment for only four - Gerrans, Kitchener, Butler and Laurie - at a
rate of £10 a week for a period not exceeding four months. The appointment of
an Assistant Secretary was refused but a sum of £7.10s. per week was granted
to cover all clerical assistance on condition that no one was to receive more than
£3 a week and that no copyist was to get more than 30s. a week.
89. Financial Relations between Great Britain and Ireland 1894-96
App. 26 May 1894. Rep. (1) 28 March 1895, C.7720-i, xxxvi; (2) pres. 13 Aug
1896, C.8262 xxxiii, 59. Other papers, C.7720-ii, same vol. Cost £1,968.
H.C.E. Childers; Lord Farrer; Lord Welby; C.O. O'Conor; Sir R.G.C. Hamilton
(d. 22 Apr 1895); Sir T. Sutherland; Sir D.M. Barbour; Hon. E. Blake; B.W.
Currie; W.A. Hunter; C.E. Martin; J.E. Redmond; T. Sexton.
Secretary: B.H. Holland. (Barrister; named in Warr.)
A Warrant of 22 June 1894 appointed H.F. Slattery and G.W. Wolff to the
Childers died 29 Jan 1896 and Holland wrote to the Home Office 30 Jan
(PRO:H045/9882/B 16301) requesting advice on the procedure for appointing a
new Chairman. A letter of 11 Feb notes that Lord Farrer, the second named
person on the Warrant, was in Egypt and not expected to return until the end of
March. Holland was advised that the Secretary of State thought it inadvisable for
an outside appointment to be made at such a late stage of the Commission's
proceedings and that the best course would be for them to select one of their
members. The file note cites as precedent the Commission on the Aged Poor
(no. 82); O'Conor was subsequently chosen as Chairman.
To inquire into the financial relations between Great Britain and Ireland and
their relative taxable capacity and to report how the latter might be most
The final majority report was signed subject to a series of reservations and
memoranda; Barbour and Sutherland produced separate minority reports. The
papers also include Childers's draft report.
90. Tweed and Solway Fisheries 1895-96
App. 1 May 1895. Rep. (1) Solway, pres. 6 Aug 1896, C.8182-3, xlvi, 503; (2)
Tweed, pres. 13 May 1896, C.8086-7, xlvi, 731. Cost £1,182.
E.S. Howard; R. Neville; A.D. Berrington; R.W. Cochran-Patrick; J. Cheyne; J.J.
Secretary: T.A.C. Hampson. (Barrister; named in Warr.)
A subsequent Warrant of 9 Sept 1895 appointed J.W. Mellor to replace Neville
who had resigned.
To inquire into and report upon the salmon and freshwater fisheries of the
Tweed river and the Solway Firth.
91. Military and Civil Expenditure in India 1895-1900
App. 24 May 1895. Rep. (1) 10 Aug 1896, C.8258, xv; (2) 6 Apr 1900, Cd.131,
xxix, 553. Other papers: 1896, C.8259, xvi; 1900, Cd.130, xxix; Paper no. 387,
Sess. 2, lvii, 431; 1902, Paper no. 169, lxx, 515. Cost £4,242 - half of which was
charged to Indian Revenues.
Lord Welby; L.H. Courtney; W.L. Jackson; Hon. G.N. Curzon; Sir W.
Wedderburn; Sir D.M. Stewart (d. 26 March 1900); Sir E.W. Hamilton; Sir J.B.
Peile; Sir A.R. Scoble; R.H. Knox (ktd. 1895); G.L. Ryder; T.R. Buchanan; W.S.
Caine; D. Naoroji.
Secretary: R.T.W. Ritchie. (Named in Warr.) He resigned and was replaced by
C.G. Campbell, appointed by a Warrant of 9 Aug 1895; the file notes that a
shortened form of Warrant was used for the first time. Campbell had been private
secretary to the Secretary of State for India 1894-5, and Ritchie succeeded him
in this post where he remained until 1902. Ritchie continued to be involved in
the affairs of the Commission; the later correspondence from the Home Office
about the publication of the second report was addressed to him. (See below)
Curzon resigned upon his appointment as Under Secretary of State to the
Principal Secretary for Foreign Affairs and a Warrant 3 Feb 1896 appointed
R.G.C. Mowbray in his place.
To inquire into the administration and management of the Military and Civil
expenditure incurred under the authority of the Secretary of State for India in
Council, or of the Government of India, and the apportionment of charge between
the Governments of the United Kingdom and India for purposes in which both
are interested. (In full.)
A question was put down in Parliament (16 May 1899) about the Commission's
failure to report. According to Home Office records the last meeting had been
held on 27 July 1897 and since no report had been produced the Commission
was technically in breach of its Warrant. Ritchie was advised that the Secretary
did not have power to summon members but could arrange for a meeting to be
held and if there was a quorum (in this case, five) they could proceed in
execution of the Commission. As an extreme step there was no doubt that the
Secretary could advise the Crown to dissolve the Commission if they refused to
meet and execute their Commission, although there was no recent precedent for
this. There was a record of one case in 1854 in which Lord Palmerston
threatened a Commission (not named) that if they did not report before a certain
date he would recommend that their allowances and expenses should not be paid.
This was not seen as an appropriate sanction in the present case, however, as the
Commission no longer appeared in the estimates. There had been many cases in
which the Home Office had had to make 'strong representations to Chairmen of
Commissions with respect to the conduct of the Commission or delay in issuing
or other matters connected with the Report; but these matters, so far as our
records show, are dealt with semi-officially and generally through the Secretary
of the Commission' (Home Office to Ritchie 16 May 1899.) (PRO.HO.
The final report was signed subject to reservations by Welby, Knox, Peile,
Scoble, Ryder, Buchanan and Mowbray. Wedderburn and Naoroji produced a
minority report which was signed, with reservations, by Caine.
92. Laws on Intoxicating Liquor 1896-99
App. 24 Apr 1896. Rep. (1) pres. 24 Feb 1897, C.8355-6, xxxiv, 247; (2) pres.
25 June 1897, C.8523-i, xxxv; (3) pres. 8 Feb 1898, C.8693, xxxvi; (4) pres. 18
Apr 1898, C.8821-2, xxxviii; (5) pres. 3 Aug 1898, C.8979, xxxviii; (6) 22 June
1899, C.9379, xxxiv. Other papers: 1898, C.8694, xxxvi; C.8695-6, xxxvii;
C.8980, xxxviii; 1899, C.9075, xxxiv, 441; C.9076, C9379-i, xxxv. Cost £8,080.
Viscount Peel; Earl of Jersey; Viscount de Vesci; Bishop of London (became
Archbishop of Canterbury in 1897); Sir A.E. West; Sir W.H. Houldsworth; Sir
F.S. Hunt; Sir C. Cameron; H.H. Dickinson; W. Allen; W.S. Caine; A.M.
Gordon; W. Graham; H. Grinling; S. Hyslop; A. Johnston; J.H. Roberts; H.R.
Smith; C. Walker; J.L. Wharton; T.P. Whittaker; A.M. Wigram; S. Young; G.
Secretary: S. Peel. Asst. Sec: H. Delacombe.
Warrants of 7 May 1897 and 16 Apr 1898 respectively appointed Lord Windsor
and E.N. Buxton to replace the Earl of Jersey and Hunt who had resigned.
To inquire into the operation and administration of laws relating to the sale of
intoxicating liquors and to report on proposals to change the laws, having regard
to the rights of individuals.
Twenty-one of the twenty-four commissioners signed the first report; the
following four were signed by all without dissent. Vesci (fn. 2) , Windsor, West,
Dickinson (fn. 2) , Allen (fn. 2) , Buxton, Gordon, Graham, Grinling (fn. 2) , Hyslop (fn. 2) , Johnston,
Riley Smith (fn. 2) , Walker (fn. 2) , Wharton, Wigram (fn. 2) , Young (fn. 2) and Younger (fn. 2) signed the
final majority report.
The minority report was signed by the Chairman, Archbishop of Canterbury (fn. 3) ,
Houldsworth (fn. 4) , Cameron (fn. 3) , Dickinson (fn. 4) , Allen (fn. 4) , Caine (fn. 3) , Roberts (fn. 3) and Whittaker (fn. 3) ,
some of whom also signed the majority report.
PRO.H0.45/10151/B.20998 has several files relating to the legislation to be
adopted as a result of the Commission's recommendations. It also contains
correspondence regarding the publication of minority reports. The Secretary had
asked if the Chairman's minority report should take precedence over the majority
report in the printed Command paper, but the Home Office replied that a search
had been made for a period of twelve years and no record could be found for a
minority report being printed first. Under the terms of the Commission 'the
Report which is signed by a majority of the members is, strictly speaking, the
expression of the opinion of the Commission, and should appear first in the
Report submitted to Her Majesty'. (Home Office to Secretary Peel, 2 June 1899)
93. Control of trade from tuberculous animals 1896-98
App. 6 July 1896. Rep. 4 Apr 1898, C.8824, xlix, 333; Evidence, C.8831. Cost
Sir H.E. Maxwell; R.T. Thorne; G.T. Brown; H.E. Clare; S.F. Murphy; J. Speir;
Secretary: T.M. Legge. (Named in Warr.)
To inquire and report what administrative procedures were available for
controlling danger to man from the use of meat and milk of tuberculous animals.
Maxwell, Clare and Cooke-Trench attached a Memorandum to the report.
94. Local Taxation 1896-1902
App. 15 Aug 1896. Rep. (1) 16 Dec 1898: 1899, C.9141, xxxv, 733; (2) 10 Jan
1899, C.9142, xxxv, 795; (3) 28 May 1901, Cd.638, xxiv, 413; (4) 14 Feb 1902,
Cd. 973; 10 Apr 1902, Cd.1067; 11 Apr 1902, Cd.1068, xxxix. Other papers:
1898, C.8763, xli; C.8764-5, xlii; 1899, C.9150, C.9319, C.9528, xxxvi; 1900,
Cd.201, Cd.383, xxxvi; 1902, Cd.1221, xxxix; 1903, Cd.1480, xxiii. Cost £7,234.
Lord Balfour of Burleigh; Viscount Emlyn (became Earl Cawdor in March 1898);
J.B. Balfour; Sir J.T. Hibbert; C.B. Stuart-Wortley; Sir E.W. Hamilton; Sir A.
Milner; C.N. Dalton; C.A. Cripps; H.E. Clare; T.H. Elliott; A. O'Connor; E.O.
Smith; J. Stuart; J.L. Wharton.
Secretary: A.W. Fox. Asst. Sec: T.L. Davies.
A second Commission of 3 Apr 1897 appointed G.H. Murray in place of Milner
who resigned on his appointment as Governor and Commander in Chief of the
Colony of Good Hope.
To inquire into the present system under which taxation is raised for local
purposes and report whether all kinds of real and personal property contribute
equitably to such taxation, and, if not, what alterations in the law are desirable
in order to secure that result. (In full.)
The first report was signed subject to reservations by Stuart-Wortley and Cripps
and to a memorandum by Elliott. The second was signed with addenda by
Hibbert, Murray and Cripps. J.B. Balfour did not sign and attached a note of
dissent. O'Connor wrote a minority report which was partially endorsed by
The third report was signed by Balfour of Burleigh (fn. 5) , Cawdor, Blair Balfour (fn. 5) ,
Hibbert, Stuart-Wortley (fn. 5) , Dalton, Cripps, Clare, Elliott, Smith (fn. 5) , Stuart (fn. 5) and
The Chairman produced a report of Separate Recommendations partially endorsed
by Blair Balfour; and with Hamilton, Murray and Stuart another separate report
on Urban Rating and Site Values. Minority reports were produced by Hamilton
and Murray; and O'Connor. Following publication of the third report (Cd.638)
which was listed as final, the Commission issued three further reports: Cd.973,
Valuation in Ireland; and separate reports for Ireland, Cd.1068; and Scotland,
Cd.1067. Cd.1068 was signed subject to various observations and
recommendations by the Chairman, Balfour, Hamilton, Murray, O'Connor and
Stuart, while the majority and minority signatories for Cd.1067 were the same as
95. West India 1896-98
App. 22 Dec 1896. Rep. 25 Aug 1897: 1898, C.8655, 1. Other papers: 1898,
C.8656-7, 1; 1898, C.8669, C.8799, li. Cost not recorded. (RSM&S)
Sir H.W. Norman; Sir E. Grey; Sir D. Barbour.
Secretary: S. Olivier. (Named in Warr.)
To inquire into conditions and prospects of the sugar-growing West India
The chairman attached a dissent to the report.
96. Metropolitan Water Supplies 1897-1900
App. 1 May 1897. Rep. (1) 20 Dec 1898: 1899, C.9122, xli, 491; (2) 30 Dec
1899: 1900, Cd.25, xxxviii, Pt.1. Other papers: 1900, Cd.45, xxxviii, Pt.1;
Cd.198, xxxviii, Pt.2; Cd.108, Cd.267, xxxix. Cost £3,299.
Viscount Llandaff; J.W. Mellor; Sir J.E. Dorington; Sir G.B. Bruce; A. de B.
Porter; A. de C. Scott (d. 16 Oct 1899); H.W. Cripps (d. 14 Aug 1899); R.
Secretary: C. Owen.
To inquire whether in regard to financial considerations and present and future
water requirements it would be in the interest of ratepayers and water consumers
in the metropolitan districts that the undertakings of water companies should be
acquired and managed by one or several Authorities; if they are not so acquired
whether local Authorities should have additional powers; the practicability of
connecting any two or more of the current systems of supply, and what would
be the costs of such a scheme and its legal implications.
97. Irish Land Acts 1897-99
App. 10 July 1897. Rep. 4 Feb 1898, C.8734, C.8859, xxxv. Appendices: 1899,
C.9107, xxxiv. Cost £3,468.
Sir E. Fry; G. Fottrell; G. Gordon; A. Traill; R. Vigers.
Secretary: R.R. Cherry. (Named in Warr.)
To inquire into and report on the procedure, practice and methods of valuation
followed by the Land Commission and the Civil Bill Courts in Ireland under the
Land Law Acts.
The publication of the Commission's findings was the subject of some
controversy. Normal procedure was not to make Commission reports public until
they had been presented to the House; this practice was followed in the case of
the actual report, but the minutes of evidence (C.8859) were published before
presentation. The Secretary made enquiries of the Press Association, the printers
and the Commissioners but was unable to find out how the press had obtained
the documents. His letter to Cunynghame (Assistant Under Secretary at the
Home Office) of 12 March 1898 points out that Dr Traill had not answered his
queries directly, and refers to correspondence between Traill and the Chairman,
the contents of which were never made public. It was thus inferred that Traill
was responsible for sending the documents to the Press Association. The Home
Office file notes a number of possible sanctions against the Press Association, but
recommended no further action unless more questions were asked in the House.
98. Sewage Disposal 1898-1915
App. 7 May 1898. Rep. (1) 12 July 1901, Cd.685-6, xxxiv, Pt.1; (2) pres. 14 July
1902, Cd.1178, xlix; (3) 2 March 1903, Cd.1486-7, xxxi; (4) 28 Dec 1903: 1904,
Cd.1883, xxxvii; (5) 7 Aug 1908, Cd.4278, liii, 749; (6) 9 Feb 1909, Cd.4511,
xlvi, 793; (7) 16 Feb 1911, Cd.5542-3, xli; (8) 4 Nov 1912: 1912-13, Cd.6464,
xlvi, 613; (9) and (10) 11 Feb 1915: 1914-16, Cd.7819-21, xxxv, 333. Other
papers: 1904, Cd.1884-5, xxxvii, Cd.l886-i-iv, xxxviii; 1908, Cd.4279-80, liv;
Cd.4281-2, lv; Cd.4283-6, lvi; 1913, Cd.6943, xxxix. Cost £67,887 to 31 March
Earl of Iddesleigh; Sir R.T. Thorne (d. 18 Dec 1899); C.P. Carey (d. 7 Dec
1906); C.P. Cotton; M. Foster (d. 29 Jan 1907); T.W. Harding; T.W. Killick; W.
Ramsay; J.B. Russell.
Secretary: F.J. Willis. (Named in Warr.)
Subsequent Warrants of 7 Feb 1900 appointed W.H. Power in place of Thorne;
7 May 1902, T.J. Stafford in place of Cotton who resigned; 7 Jan 1907, R.A.
Tatton in place of Carey; on 20 July 1910, Willis was appointed a Commissioner,
and his place as Secretary taken by R.H.H. Keenlyside. Killick resigned in Sept
1901. The Commission was reappointed in a Warrant of 26 March 1910
following the death of Edward VII.
To inquire and report on treatment and disposal of sewage, including from
industrial processes, both with regard to existing law and to the duties of Local
Authorities; and to make recommendations on desirable improvements.
The ninth report was signed by Iddesleigh, Harding, Stafford, Tatton and Willis
and by Ramsay and Power subject to memoranda attached. It also included a list
of the members of the Commission's staff and their dates of service. The tenth
and final report consists of a summary of all the previous reports.
99. Sierra Leone 1898-99
App. 18 June 1898. Rep. 21 Jan 1899, C.9388, C.9391, lx. Cost not recorded.
Sir D.P. Chalmers was appointed to inquire into an insurrection of natives in
Sierra Leone and generally into the state of affairs in the colony. The papers
also contain observations on the report by the Governor of Sierra Leone, Sir F.
Cardew, dated 1 May 1899.
100. University of London Act 1898-1900
App. 12 Aug 1898. Rep. 27 Feb 1900, Cd.83, lxvi, 57. Cost £1,487.
Lord Davey; Bishop of London; Sir W. Roberts; Sir O. Roberts; R.C. Jebb; M.
Foster; E.H. Busk.
Secretary: T.B. Saunders. (App. by separate Warr. of 23 Aug 1898.)
T. Barlow was appointed to the Commission 10 March 1899 in place of Sir W.
Roberts who resigned.
This was a Statutory Royal Commission set up to implement the Act for the
Reconstitution of the University of London (61 & 62 Vict. c.62); the
Commissioners were empowered to make statutes and regulations for the
University in general accordance with the scheme proposed by the Gresham
Commission (no. 79) and subject to the Act, and was to continue until the end
101. Newfoundland Treaties 1898-99 (fn. 6)
App. 31 Aug 1898. Rep. not pres.
Sir J. Bramston and Sir J.E. Erskine were appointed to enquire into the operation
of certain Treaties in force in Newfoundland, and to suggest measures for giving
effect to their provisions.
Secretary: Earl of Westmeath.
102. Accidents to Railway Servants 1899-1900
App. 30 May 1899. Rep. pres. 30 Jan 1900, Cd.41-2, xxvii. Cost £1,176.
Lord James of Hereford; Viscount Hampden; Hon. A.E. Fellowes; Sir G.E. Paget;
Sir J.W. Wolfe-Barry; Sir G.L. Molesworth; Sir A. Hickman; Sir C. Scotter; C.S.
Hutchinson; H.H.S. Cunynghame; W.M. Acworth; A.C. Elliott; J.E. Ellis; C.
Fenwick; W. Hudson.
Secretary: A.H. Higgins. (Barrister; named in Warr.)
To enquire into the causes of fatal and non-fatal accidents to servants of railway
companies and of truck owners; and to report on the possibility of adopting
measures to reduce them.
All signed the report with the exception of Wolfe-Barry who was unable to attend
the last meeting as he was in India on business.