Lord High Admiral and Commissioners of the Admiralty 1660-1870

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Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

J.C. Sainty

Year published

1975

Supporting documents

Pages

18-31

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'Lord High Admiral and Commissioners of the Admiralty 1660-1870', Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 4: Admiralty Officials 1660-1870 (1975), pp. 18-31. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=16652 Date accessed: 21 October 2014.


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Lord High Admiral and Commissioners of the Admiralty 1660-1870

The powers and functions of the Admiralty were vested in the office of Lord High Admiral throughout the period except for the years 1684-9 when they were exercised directly by the crown. (fn. 1) The office was held by individuals during the years 1660-73, 1702-9 and 1827-8; at other times it was placed in commission. Appointments were made by letters patent under the great seal. (fn. 2) Except in the case of the Duke of York who was appointed for life, tenure was during pleasure.

Between 1673 and 1679 the Board was composed of between twelve and sixteen Privy Counsellors who served without salaries. In 1673 provision was made for the holders of the offices of Lord Chancellor (or Lord Keeper), Lord Treasurer and Lord Privy Seal to be ex officio members. (fn. 3) This arrangement was extended to include the Secretaries of State in the following year. (fn. 4) In 1679 a smaller number of paid Commissioners were substituted who were not necessarily members of the Council. The number of Commissioners was fixed in principle at seven although between 1679 and 1718 it fell on occasion to six or to five. From 1683 to 1684 there were seven paid Commissioners and one supernumerary Commissioner who served without salary. Between 1718 and 1822 the Board was invariably composed of seven Commissioners. In the latter year the number was reduced to five. (fn. 5) It was increased to six in 1832 but reduced again to five in 1868.

Although the standing of all the Commissioners was in theory the same, the First Commissioner or First Lord exercised an ascendancy over his colleagues from an early date. (fn. 6) Until the early nineteenth century it was not unusual for the First Lord to be a naval officer; after 1806 the only naval officer to occupy the post was the Duke of Northumberland (1852). (fn. 7) During the eighteenth century it was usual for at least one of the junior Commissioners to be a naval officer; occasionally the number rose to three. Between 1804 and 1822 there were invariably three junior 'Naval' Lords. (fn. 8) The number fell to two in the latter year when the membership of the Board was reduced to five. Barham was apparently the earliest First Lord to introduce a settled arrangement for the distribution of duties amongst the members of the Board. In 1805 he assigned specific functions to each of the Naval Lords, described as 'Professional' Lords, while leaving to the 'Civil' Lords the routine business of signing documents. (fn. 9) This arrangement was revised and given greater definition during Graham's period of office as First Lord (1830-4) when, following the abolition of the Navy and Victualling Boards, the work of the Admiralty Board was reorganised and each of its members given particular responsibility for areas of naval administration. (fn. 10) From 1830 it was fixed in principle that, apart from the First Lord, there should be four Naval Lords; a Civil Lord was added in 1832. This arrangement was subject to minor variations. In 1834-5 there were three Naval and two Civil Lords while in 1852-3 and again in 1866 there were five Naval Lords and no Civil Lord. In 1868 the number of Naval Lords was reduced to three and the office of second Naval Lord (or Third Lord) was combined with that of Comptroller of the Navy. (fn. 11) Originally all the Commissioners of the Admiralty were entitled to sit in the House of Commons; in 1832 the number so entitled was reduced to five. (fn. 12)

Substantial perquisites were attached to the office of Lord High Admiral. The Duke of York was the last occupant of the office to receive these for his personal use. Both the Earl of Pembroke and Prince George surrendered their rights to the crown. In the case of the Duke of Clarence the perquisites were specifically reserved to the crown in the patent of appointment; when the office was in commission they were invariably so reserved. (fn. 13) With the exception of the Duke of Clarence each Lord High Admiral was granted a patent salary payable at the Exchequer. The Duke of York received 200 marks and the Earl of Pembroke and Prince George 300 marks. (fn. 14) In addition Pembroke was granted £5000 from Admiralty perquisites in recognition of his brief period of service as Lord High Admiral in 1702. (fn. 15) On his reappointment in 1708 he was accorded £7000 a year payable by the Treasurer of the Navy in addition to his patent salary. (fn. 16) The salary of the Duke of Clarence as Lord High Admiral was £5000. (fn. 17)

From 1679 the salaries of the Admiralty Commissioners were fixed at £1000 each payable by the Treasurer of the Navy. (fn. 18) Originally the First Lord received the same as the others. In 1699 an attempt was made to increase his remuneration in view of his special responsibilities but was unsuccessful. (fn. 19) The earliest First Lord to be granted an additional salary appears to have been Orford (1709-10) who received £2000 from an unknown source. Strafford (1712-14) was granted the same amount paid by the Treasurer of the Navy out of money arising from the sale of old stores. (fn. 20) However, Orford received only the basic Commissioner's salary of £1000 during his period of service as First Lord from 1714 to 1717. It was not until the appointment of Berkeley in 1717 that it became the invariable practice for each First Lord to be granted the additional salary of £2000. At first this sum was carried on the ordinary establishment but from 1718 to 1806 it was again paid out of old stores money. (fn. 21) In 1806 the First Lord was provided with a salary of £5000 on the ordinary establishment. (fn. 22) In 1831 this was reduced to £4500. (fn. 23) In addition to their salaries some of the Admiralty Commissioners were entitled to official residences and various other allowances. (fn. 24) In 1869 their remuneration was fixed as follows: First Lord £4500 a year with a residence, First and Second Naval Lords £1500 a year with residences, Third Naval Lord £1000 a year with a residence and Civil Lord £1000 a year without a residence. (fn. 25)

In the following list the letter (N) after the name of a Commissioner indicates that he was a naval officer.

LIST OF APPOINTMENTS
1661 29 Jan. (fn. 26) York, Duke of (C 66/2932).
1673 9 July Rupert, Prince; Shaftesbury, Earl of; Osborne, Viscount; Anglesey, Earl of; Buckingham, Duke of; Monmouth, Duke of; Lauderdale, Duke of; Ormond, Duke of; Arlington, Earl of; Carteret, Sir G.; Coventry, Hon. H.; Seymour, E. (Adm. 2/1736 pp. 31-4).
1674 31 Oct. Rupert, Prince; Finch, Lord; Danby, Earl of; Anglesey, Earl of; Monmouth, Duke of; Lauderdale, Duke of; Ormond, Duke of; Arlington, Earl of; Carteret, Sir G.; Coventry, Hon. H.; Williamson, Sir J.; Seymour, E. (C 66/3164).
1677 26 Sept. Rupert, Prince; Finch, Lord; Danby, Earl of; Anglesey, Earl of; Monmouth, Duke of; Lauderdale, Duke of; Ormond, Duke of; Ossory, Earl of; Arlington, Earl of; Craven, Earl of; Carteret, Sir G.; Coventry, Hon. H.; Williamson, Sir J.; Ernle, Sir J.; Chicheley, Sir T.; Seymour, E. (C 66/3194).
1679 14 May Capel, Hon. Sir H.; Finch, Hon. D.; Lee, Sir T.; Winch, Sir H.; Meres, Sir T.; Vaughan, E.; Hales, E. (C 66/3210).
1681 19 Feb. Finch, Hon. D.; Winch, Sir H.; Meres, Sir T.; Hales, E.; Brouncker, Viscount; Littleton, Sir T. (C 66/3217).
1682 20 Jan. Finch, Lord; Winch, Sir H.; Meres, Sir T.; Hales, E.; Brouncker, Viscount; Savile, H.; Chicheley, Sir J. (N) (C 66/3225).
1683 22 Aug. Nottingham, Earl of; Winch, Sir H.; Meres, Sir T.; Hales, E.; Brouncker, Viscount; Savile, H.; Chicheley, Sir J. (N); Herbert, A. (N) (supernumerary) (C 66/3237).
1684 17 April (fn. 27) Nottingham, Earl of; Winch, Sir H.; Meres, Sir T.; Hales, Sir E.; Savile, H.; Chicheley, Sir J. (N); Herbert, A. (N); Vaughan, Lord (supernumerary) (C 66/3245).
1689 8 March Herbert, A. (N); Carbery, Earl of; Warton, Sir M.; Lee, Sir T.; Chicheley, Sir J. (N); Lowther, Sir J.; Sacheverell, W. (C 66/3325).
1690 20 Jan. Pembroke, Earl of; Carbery, Earl of; Lee, Sir T.; Lowther, Sir J.; Chicheley, Sir J. (N) (C 66/3332).
1690 5 June Pembroke, Earl of; Carbery, Earl of; Lee, Sir T.; Lowther, Sir J.; Russell, E. (N); Onslow, Sir R.; Priestman, H. (N) (C 66/3334).
1691 23 Jan. Pembroke, Earl of; Lee, Sir T.; Lowther, Sir J.; Onslow, Sir R.; Priestman, H. (N); Falkland, Viscount; Austen, R. (C 66/3339).
1691 16 Nov. Pembroke, Earl of; Lowther, Sir J.; Onslow, Sir R.; Priestman, H. (N); Falkland, Viscount; Austen, R.; Rich, Sir R. (C 66/3347).
1692 10 March Cornwallis, Lord; Lowther, Sir J.; Onslow, Sir R.; Priestman, H. (N); Falkland, Viscount; Austen, R.; Rich, Sir R. (C 66/3350).
1693 15 April Falkland, Viscount; Lowther, Sir J.; Priestman, H. (N); Austen, R.; Rich, Sir R.; Killigrew, H. (N); Delaval, Sir R. (N) (C 66/3364).
1694 2 May Russell, E. (N); Lowther, Sir J.; Priestman, H. (N); Austen, R.; Rich, Sir R.; Rooke, Sir G. (N); Houblon, Sir J. (C 66/3368).
1696 24 Feb. Russell, E. (N); Priestman, H. (N); Austen, R.; Rich, Sir R.; Rooke, Sir G. (N); Houblon, Sir J.; Kendall, J. (C 66/3385).
1697 5 June Orford, Earl of (N); Priestman, H. (N); Rich, Sir R.; Rooke, Sir G. (N); Houblon, Sir J.; Kendall, J.; Wharton, Hon. G. (C 66/3395).
1699 31 May Bridgwater, Earl of; Haversham, Lord; Rich, Sir R.; Rooke, Sir G. (N); Mitchell, Sir D. (N) (C 66/3413).
1699 28 Oct. Bridgwater, Earl of; Haversham, Lord; Rooke, Sir G. (N); Mitchell, Sir D. (N); Churchill, G. (N) (C 66/3410).
1701 4 April Pembroke, Earl of; Haversham, Lord; Rooke, Sir G. (N); Mitchell, Sir D. (N); Churchill, G. (N) (Adm. 7/726 pp. 1-19).
1702 26 Jan. Pembroke, Earl of (C 66/3422).
1702 20 May George, Prince (C 66/3424).
1707 28 June George, Prince (fn. 28) (C 66/3462).
1708 29 Nov. Pembroke, Earl of (C 66/3466).
1709 8 Nov. Orford, Earl of (N); Leake, Sir J. (N); Byng, Sir G. (N); Doding ton, G.; Methuen, P. (C 66/3471).
1710 4 Oct. Leake, Sir J. (N); (fn. 29) Byng, Sir G. (N); Dodington, G.; Methuen, P.; Drake, Sir W.; Aislabie, J. (C 66/3474).
1710 20 Dec. Leake, Sir J. (N); (fn. 29) Byng, Sir G. (N); Drake, Sir W.; Aislabie, J.; Wishart, Sir J. (N); Clarke, G. (C 66/3476).
1712 30 Sept. Strafford, Earl of; Leake, Sir J. (N); Byng, Sir G. (N); Drake, Sir W.; Aislabie, J.; Wishart, Sir J. (N); Clarke, G. (C 66/3486).
1714 19 Jan. Strafford, Earl of; Leake, Sir J. (N); Drake, Sir W.; Aislabie, J.; Wishart, Sir J. (N); Clarke, G. (C 66/3494).
1714 9 April Strafford, Earl of; Leake, Sir J. (N); Drake, Sir W.; Wishart, Sir J. (N); Clarke, G.; Beaumont, Sir G. (C 66/3495).
1714 14 Oct. Orford, Earl of (N); Byng, Sir G. (N); Dodington, G.; Jennings, Sir J. (N); Turner, Sir C.; Stanyan, A.; Baillie, G. (C 66/3508).
1717 16 April Berkeley, Earl of (N); Aylmer, M. (N); Byng, Sir G. (N); Cock burn, J.; Chetwynd, W. R. (C 66/3519).
1718 19 March Berkeley, Earl of (N); Byng, Sir G. (N); Jennings, Sir J. (N); Cockburn, J.; Chetwynd, W. R.; Norris, Sir J. (N); Wager, Sir C. (N) (C 66/3523).
1721 30 Sept. Berkeley, Earl of (N); Jennings, Sir J. (N); Cockburn, J.; Chetwynd, W. R.; Norris, Sir J. (N); Wager, Sir C. (N); Pulteney, D. (C 66/3546).
1725 3 June Berkeley, Earl of (N); Jennings, Sir J. (N); Cockburn, J.; Chetwynd, W. R.; Norris, Sir J. (N); Wager, Sir C. (N); Oxenden, Sir G. (C 66/3557).
1727 1 June Berkeley, Earl of (N); Cockburn, J.; Chetwynd, W. R.; Norris, Sir J. (N); Wager, Sir C. (N); Oxenden, Sir G.; Lyttelton, Sir T. (C 66/3565).
1727 2 Aug. Torrington, Viscount (N); Cockburn, J.; Norris, Sir J. (N); Wager, Sir C. (N); Lyttelton, Sir T.; Malpas, Viscount; Molyneux, S. (C 66/3566).
1728 1 June Torrington, Viscount (N); Cockburn, J.; Norris, Sir J. (N); Wager, Sir C. (N); Lyttelton, Sir T.; Malpas, Viscount; Yonge, Sir W. (C 66/3571).
1729 19 May Torrington, Viscount (N); Cockburn, J.; Norris, Sir J. (N); Wager, Sir C. (N); Lyttelton, Sir T.; Yonge, Sir W.; Hamilton, Lord A. (N) (C 66/3577).
1730 13 May Torrington, Viscount (N); Cockburn, J.; Wager, Sir C. (N); Lyttelton, Sir T.; Hamilton, Lord A. (N); Frankland, Sir T.; Winnington, T. (C 66/3580).
1732 15 June Torrington, Viscount (N); Wager, Sir C. (N); Lyttelton, Sir T.; Hamilton, Lord A. (N); Frankland, Sir T.; Winnington, T.; Clutterbuck, T. (C 66/3587).
1733 21 June Wager, Sir C. (N); Lyttelton, Sir T.; Hamilton, Lord A. (N); Frankland, Sir T.; Winnington, T.; Clutterbuck, T.; Powlett, Lord H. (C 66/3590).
1736 22 May Wager, Sir C. (N); Lyttelton, Sir T.; Hamilton, Lord A. (N); Frankland, Sir T.; Clutterbuck, T.; Powlett, Lord H. (N); Campbell, J. (C 66/3596).
1738 13 March Wager, Sir C. (N); Lyttelton, Sir T.; Frankland, Sir T.; Clutter buck, T.; Powlett, Lord H. (N); Campbell, J.; Beauclerk, Lord V. (N) (C 66/3598).
1741 5 May Wager, Sir C. (N); Frankland, Sir T.; Powlett, Lord H. (N); Campbell, J.; Beauclerk, Lord V. (N); Glenorchy, Lord; Thompson, E. (C 66/3604).
1742 19 March Winchilsea, Earl of; Cockburn, J.; Hamilton, Lord A. (N); Baltimore, Lord; Cavendish, P. (N); Lee, G.; Trevor, J. (C 66/3608).
1743 13 Dec. Winchilsea, Earl of; Cockburn, J.; Hamilton, Lord A. (N); Baltimore, Lord; Lee, G.; Hardy, Sir C. (N); Phillipson, J. (C 66/3613).
1744 27 Dec. Bedford, Duke of; Sandwich, Earl of; Hamilton, Lord A. (N); Beauclerk, Lord V. (N); Baltimore, Lord; Anson, G. (N); Grenville, G. (C 66/3615).
1745 25 April Bedford, Duke of; Sandwich, Earl of; Hamilton, Lord A. (N); Beauclerk, Lord V. (N); Anson, G. (N); Grenville, G.; Legge, Hon. H. (C 66/3616).
1746 25 Feb. Bedford, Duke of; Sandwich, Earl of; Beauclerk, Lord V. (N); Anson, G. (N); Grenville, G.; Legge, Hon. H.; Barrington, Viscount (C 66/3618).
1746 27 June Bedford, Duke of; Sandwich, Earl of; Beauclerk, Lord V. (N); Anson, G. (N); Grenville, G.; Barrington, Viscount; Dun cannon, Viscount (C 66/3619).
1747 23 June Bedford, Duke of; Sandwich, Earl of; Beauclerk, Lord V. (N); Anson, G. (N); Barrington, Viscount; Duncannon, Viscount; Ellis, W. (C 66/3622).
1748 26 Feb. Sandwich, Earl of; Beauclerk, Lord V. (N); Anson, Lord (N); Barrington, Viscount; Duncannon, Viscount; Ellis, W.; Stan hope, Hon. J. (C 66/3624).
1748 24 Dec. Sandwich, Earl of; Beauclerk, Lord V. (N); Anson, Lord (N); Barrington, Viscount; Duncannon, Viscount; Ellis, W.; Villiers, Hon. T. (C 66/3625).
1749 18 Nov. Sandwich, Earl of; Anson, Lord (N); Barrington, Viscount; Duncannon, Viscount; Ellis, W.; Villiers, Hon. T.; Trentham, Viscount (C 66/3628).
1751 22 June Anson, Lord (N); Barrington, Viscount; Duncannon, Viscount; Ellis, W.; Villiers, Hon. T.; Rowley, W. (N); Boscawen, Hon. E. (N) (C 66/3633).
1754 9 April Anson, Lord (N); Duncannon, Viscount; Ellis, W.; Villiers, Hon. T.; Rowley, Sir W. (N); Boscawen, Hon. E. (N); Townshend, Hon. C. (C 66/3643).
1755 29 Dec. Anson, Lord (N); Duncannon, Viscount; Villiers, Hon. T.; Rowley, Sir W. (N); Boscawen, Hon. E. (N); Bateman, Vis count; Edgcumbe, Hon. R. (C 66/3650).
1756 17 Nov. Temple, Earl; Boscawen, Hon. E. (N); West, T. (N); Pitt, J.; Hay, G.; Hunter, T. O.; Elliot, G. (C 66/3654).
1756 13 Dec. Temple, Earl; Boscawen, Hon. E. (N); West, T. (N); Hay, G.; Hunter, T. O.; Elliot, G.; Forbes, Hon. J. (N) (C 66/3655).
1757 6 April Winchilsea, Earl of; Rowley, Sir W. (N); Boscawen, Hon. E. (N); Elliot, G.; Carysfort, Lord; Mostyn, S. (N); Sandys, Hon. E. (C 66/3657).
1757 2 July Anson, Lord (N); Boscawen, Hon. E. (N); West, T. (N); Hay, G.; Hunter, T. O.; Elliot, G.; Forbes, Hon. J. (N) (C 66/3658).
1757 26 Sept. Anson, Lord (N); Boscawen, Hon. E. (N); Hay, G.; Hunter, T. O.; Elliot, G.; Forbes, Hon. J. (N); Stanley, H. (ibid.).
1761 19 March Anson, Lord (N); Hay, G.; Hunter, T. O.; Forbes, Hon. J. (N); Stanley, H.; Villiers, Viscount; Pelham, T. (C 66/3674).
1762 17 June Halifax, Earl of; Hay, G.; Hunter, T. O.; Forbes, Hon. J. (N); Stanley, H.; Villiers, Viscount; Pelham, T. (C 66/3684).
1762 18 Oct. Grenville, Hon. G.; Hay, G.; Hunter, T. O.; Forbes, Hon. J. (N); Stanley, H.; Villiers, Viscount; Pelham, T. (C 66/3686).
1763 1 Jan. Grenville, Hon. G.; Hay, G.; Hunter, T. O.; Forbes, Hon. J. (N); Stanley, H.; Carysfort, Lord; Harris, J. (ibid.).
1763 20 April Sandwich, Earl of; Hay, G.; Stanley, H.; Carysfort, Lord; Howe, Viscount (N); Digby, Lord; Pitt, T. (C 66/3687).
1763 16 Sept. Egmont, Earl of; Hay, G.; Stanley, H.; Carysfort, Lord; Howe, Viscount (N); Digby, Lord; Pitt, T. (C 66/3692).
1765 31 July Egmont, Earl of; Pitt, T.; Saunders, Sir C. (N); Keppel, Hon. A. (N); Townshend, C.; Meredith, Sir W.; Buller, J. (C 66/3702).
1765 21 Dec. Egmont, Earl of; Saunders, Sir C. (N); Keppel, Hon. A. (N); Townshend, C.; Meredith, Sir W.; Buller, J.; Yorke, Hon. J. (C 66/3704).
1766 15 Sept. Saunders, Sir C. (N); Keppel, Hon. A. (N); Townshend, C.; Meredith, Sir W.; Buller, J.; Palmerston, Viscount; Yonge, Sir G. (C 66/3708).
1766 11 Dec. Hawke, Sir E. (N); Townshend, C.; Buller, J.; Palmerston, Vis count; Yonge, Sir G.; Brett, Sir P. (N); Jenkinson, C. (C 66/ 3710).
1768 8 March Hawke, Sir E. (N); Townshend, C.; Buller, J.; Palmerston, Vis count; Yonge, Sir G.; Brett, Sir P. (N); Spencer, Lord C. (C 66/3716).
1770 28 Feb. Hawke, Sir E.; Buller, J.; Palmerston, Viscount; Spencer, Lord C.; Lisburne, Viscount; Holburne, F. (N); Fox, Hon. C. J. (C 66/3725).
1771 12 Jan. Sandwich, Earl of; Buller, J.; Palmerston, Viscount; Spencer, Lord C.; Lisburne, Viscount; Holburne, F. (N); Fox, Hon. C. J. (C 66/3729).
1771 2 Feb. Sandwich, Earl of; Buller, J.; Palmerston, Viscount; Spencer, Lord C.; Lisburne, Viscount; Fox, Hon. C. J.; Hervey, Hon. A. J. (N) (C 66/3730).
1772 6 May Sandwich, Earl of; Buller, J.; Palmerston, Viscount; Spencer, Lord C.; Lisburne, Viscount; Hervey, Hon. A. J. (N); Brad shaw, T. (C 66/3736).
1774 30 Dec. Sandwich, Earl of; Buller, J.; Palmerston, Viscount; Spencer, Lord C.; Lisburne, Viscount; Hervey, Hon. A. J. (N); Penton, H. (C 66/3752).
1775 12 April Sandwich, Earl of; Buller, J.; Palmerston, Viscount; Spencer, Lord C.; Lisburne, Viscount; Penton, H.; Palliser, Sir H. (N) (C 66/3753).
1777 15 Dec. Sandwich, Earl of; Buller, J.; Spencer, Lord C.; Lisburne, Earl of; Penton, H.; Palliser, Sir H. (N); Mulgrave, Lord (C 66/ 3767).
1779 23 April Sandwich, Earl of; Buller, J.; Spencer, Lord C.; Lisburne, Earl of; Penton, H.; Mulgrave, Lord; Man, R. (N) (C 66/3774).
1779 16 July Sandwich, Earl of; Buller, J.; Lisburne, Earl of; Penton, H.; Mulgrave, Lord; Man, R. (N); Gascoyne, B. (C 66/3775).
1780 22 Sept. Sandwich, Earl of; Lisburne, Earl of; Penton, H.; Mulgrave, Lord; Gascoyne, B.; Greville, Hon. C. F.; Darby, G. (N) (C/66 3781).
1782 1 April Keppel, Hon. A. (N); Harland, Sir R. (N); Pigot, H. (N); Duncannon, Viscount; Townshend, Hon. J.; Brett, C.; Hopkins, R. (C 66/3792).
1782 18 July Keppel, Viscount (N); Harland, Sir R. (N); Pigot, H. (N); Brett, C.; Hopkins, R.; Pratt, Hon. J. J.; Aubrey, J. (C 66/3797).
1783 30 Jan. Howe, Viscount (N); Pigot, H. (N); Brett, C.; Hopkins, R.; Pratt, Hon. J. J.; Aubrey, J.; Leveson Gower, Hon. J. (N) (C 66/3800).
1783 10 April Keppel, Viscount (N); Pigot, H. (N); Duncannon, Viscount; Townshend, Hon. J.; Lindsay, Sir J. (N); Jolliffe, W.; Keene, W. (C 66/3803).
1783 31 Dec. Howe, Viscount (N); Brett, C.; Pratt, Hon. J. J.; Leveson Gower, Hon. J. (N); Apsley, Lord; Perceval, Hon. C. G.; Heywood, J. M. (C 66/3809).
1784 2 April Howe, Viscount (N); Brett, C.; Hopkins, R.; Pratt, Hon. J. J.; Leveson Gower, Hon. J. (N); Apsley, Lord; Perceval, Hon. C. G. (C 66/3812).
1788 16 July Chatham, Earl of; Hopkins, R.; Bayham, Viscount; Leveson Gower, Hon. J. (N); Apsley, Lord; Arden, Lord; Hood, Lord (N) (C 66/3840).
1789 12 Aug. Chatham, Earl of; Hopkins, R.; Arden, Lord; Hood, Lord (N); Drake, Sir F. S. (N); Belgrave, Viscount; Townshend, Hon. J. T. (C 66/3850).
1790 19 Jan. Chatham, Earl of; Hopkins, R.; Arden, Lord; Hood, Lord (N); Belgrave, Viscount; Townshend, Hon. J. T.; Gardner, A. (N) (C 66/3854).
1791 27 June Chatham, Earl of; Arden, Lord; Hood, Lord (N); Townshend, Hon. J. T.; Gardner, A. (N); Smyth, J.; Pybus, C. S. (C 66/ 3868).
1793 26 April Chatham, Earl of; Arden, Lord; Hood, Lord (N); Gardner, A. (N); Smyth, J.; Pybus, C. S.; Affleck, P. (N) (C 66/3890).
1794 12 May Chatham, Earl of; Arden, Lord; Hood, Lord (N); Gardner, A. (N); Pybus, C. S.; Affleck, P. (N); Middleton, Sir C. (N) (C 66/3901).
1794 19 Dec. Spencer, Earl; Arden, Lord; Hood, Lord (N); Gardner, Sir A. (N); Pybus, C. S.; Affleck, P. (N); Middleton, Sir C. (N) (C 66/3908).
1795 7 March Spencer, Earl; Arden, Lord; Pybus, C. S.; Middleton, Sir C. (N); Seymour, Lord H.; Stephens, P.; Gambier, J. (N) (C 66/3910).
1795 20 Nov. Spencer, Earl; Arden, Lord; Pybus, C. S.; Seymour, Lord H.; Stephens, Sir P.; Gambier, J. (N); Young, W. (N) (C 66/3918).
1797 25 July Spencer, Earl; Arden, Lord; Seymour, Lord H.; Stephens, Sir P.; Gambier, J. (N); Young, W. (N); Wallace, T. (C 66/3941).
1798 10 Sept. Spencer, Earl; Arden, Lord; Stephens, Sir P.; Gambier, J. (N); Young, W. (N); Wallace, T.; Man, R. (N) (C 66/3951).
1800 10 July Spencer, Earl; Arden, Lord; Stephens, Sir P.; Gambier, J. (N); Young, W. (N); Man, R. (N); Eliot, Hon. W. (C 66/3975).
1801 19 Feb. St. Vincent, Earl of (N); Stephens, Sir P.; Eliot, Hon. W.; Troubridge, Sir T. (N); Adams, J.; Markham, J. (N); Garth shore, W. (C 66/3985).
1804 17 Jan. St. Vincent, Earl of (N); Stephens, Sir P.; Troubridge, Sir T. (N); Adams, J.; Markham, J. (N); Lemon, J.; Burrard Neale, Sir H. (N) (C 66/4023).
1804 15 May Melville, Viscount; Stephens, Sir P.; Gambier, J. (N); Burrard Neale, Sir H. (N); Colpoys, Sir J. (N); Patton, P. (N); Dicken son, W. (C 66/4025).
1804 13 Sept. Melville, Viscount; Stephens, Sir P.; Gambier, J. (N); Colpoys, Sir J. (N); Patton, P. (N); Dickenson, W.; Nepean, Sir E. (C 66/4029).
1805 2 May Barham, Lord (N); Stephens, Sir P.; Gambier, J. (N); Patton, P. (N); Dickenson, W.; Nepean, Sir E.; Garlies, Lord (N) (C 66/4038).
1806 10 Feb. Grey, Hon. C.; Stephens, Sir P.; Markham, J. (N); Pole, Sir C. M. (N); Burrard Neale, Sir H. (N); Russell, Lord W.; Kensing ton, Lord (C 66/4049).
1806 29 Sept. Grenville, T.; Stephens, Sir P.; Markham, J. (N); Pole, Sir C. M. (N); Burrard Neale, Sir H. (N); Russell, Lord W.; Kensington, Lord (C 66/4057).
1806 23 Oct. Grenville, T.; Markham, J. (N); Burrard Neale, Sir H. (N); Russell, Lord W.; Kensington, Lord; Fremantle, T. F. (N); Frankland, W. (C 66/4058).
1807 6 April Mulgrave, Lord; Gambier, J. (N); Bickerton, Sir R. (N); Johnstone Hope, W. (N); Ward, R.; Palmerston, Viscount; Buller, J. (C 66/4064).
1808 9 May Mulgrave, Lord; Bickerton, Sir R. (N); Johnstone Hope, W. (N); Ward, R.; Palmerston, Viscount; Buller, J.; Domett, W. (N) (C 66/4077).
1809 30 March Mulgrave, Lord; Bickerton, Sir R. (N); Ward, R.; Palmerston, Viscount; Buller, J.; Domett, W. (N); Moorsom, R. (N) (C 66/4088).
1809 24 Nov. Mulgrave, Lord; Bickerton, Sir R. (N); Ward, R.; Buller, J.; Domett, W. (N); Moorsom, R. (N); Lowther, Viscount (C 66/ 4095).
1810 4 May Yorke, C. P.; Bickerton, Sir R. (N); Ward, R.; Buller, J.; Domett, W. (N); Moorsom, R. (N); Lowther, Viscount (C 66/4101).
1810 3 July Yorke, C. P.; Bickerton, Sir R. (N); Ward, R.; Buller, J.; Domett, W. (N); Yorke, Sir J. S. (N); Robinson, Hon. F. J. (C 66/4103).
1811 17 June Yorke, C. P.; Bickerton, Sir R. (N); Buller, J.; Domett, W. (N); Yorke, Sir J. S. (N); Robinson, Hon. F. J.; Walpole, Lord (C 66/4113).
1812 25 March Melville, Viscount; Domett, W. (N); Yorke, Sir J. S. (N); Robinson, Hon. F. J.; Walpole, Lord; Dundas, W.; Johnstone Hope, G. (N) (C 66/4121).
1812 5 Oct. Melville, Viscount; Domett, W. (N); Yorke, Sir J. S. (N); Dundas, W.; Johnstone Hope, G. (N); Warrender, Sir G.; Osborn, J. (C 66/4127).
1813 18 May Melville, Viscount; Domett, W. (N); Yorke, Sir J. S. (N); Dundas, W.; Warrender, Sir G.; Osborn, J.; Paulet, Lord H. (N) (C 66/4137).
1813 23 Oct. Melville, Viscount; Yorke, Sir J. S. (N); Dundas, W.; Johnstone Hope, G. (N); Warrender, Sir G.; Osborn, J.; Paulet, Lord H. (N) (C 66/4141).
1814 23 Aug. Melville, Viscount; Yorke, Sir J. S. (N); Johnstone Hope, G. (N); Warrender, Sir G.; Osborn, J.; Paulet, Lord H. (N); Blachford, B. P. (C 66/4153).
1816 24 May Melville, Viscount; Yorke, Sir J. S. (N); Johnstone Hope, G. (N); Warrender, Sir G.; Osborn, J.; Moore, Sir G. (N); Worcester, Marquess of (C 66/4176).
1818 2 April Melville, Viscount; Warrender, Sir G.; Osborn, J.; Moore, Sir G. (N); Worcester, Marquess of; Cockburn, Sir G. (N); Hotham, Hon. Sir H. (N) (C 66/4196).
1819 15 March Melville, Viscount; Warrender, Sir G.; Osborn, Sir J.; Moore, Sir G. (N); Cockburn, Sir G. (N); Hotham, Hon. Sir H. (N); Clerk, Sir G. (C 66/4209).
1820 13 March Melville, Viscount; Johnstone Hope, Sir W. (N); Warrender, Sir G.; Osborn, Sir J.; Cockburn, Sir G. (N); Hotham, Hon. Sir H. (N); Clerk, Sir G. (C 66/4218).
1822 8 Feb. Melville, Viscount; Johnstone Hope, Sir W. (N); Osborn, Sir J.; Cockburn, Sir G. (N); Hotham, Hon. Sir H. (N); Clerk, Sir G.; Douglas, W. R. K. (C 66/4242).
1822 23 March Melville, Viscount; Johnstone Hope, Sir W. (N); Osborn, Sir J.; Cockburn, Sir G. (N); Clerk, Sir G. (C 66/4244).
1824 16 Feb. Melville, Viscount; Johnstone Hope, Sir W. (N); Cockburn, Sir G. (N); Clerk, Sir G.; Douglas, W. R. K. (C 66/4267).
1827 2 May Clarence, Duke of (C 66/4319).1828
1828 19 Sept. Melville, Viscount; Cockburn, Sir G. (N); Hotham, Hon. Sir H. (N); Clerk, Sir G.; Brecknock, Earl of (C 66/4343).1829
1829 15 July Melville, Viscount; Cockburn, Sir G. (N); Hotham, Hon. Sir H. (N); Clerk, Sir G.; Castlereagh, Viscount (C 66/4353).1830
1830 31 July Melville, Viscount; Cockburn, Sir G. (N); Hotham, Hon. Sir H. (N); Castlereagh, Viscount; Ross, C. (C 66/4366).1830
1830 25 Nov. Graham, Sir J. R. G.; Hardy, Sir T. M. (N); Dundas, Hon. G. H. L. (N); Brooke Pechell, Sir S. J. (N); Barrington, Hon. G. (N) (C 66/4375).1832
1832 8 June Graham. Sir J. R. G.; Hardy, Sir T. M. (N); Dundas, Hon. G. H. L. (N); Brooke Pechell, Sir S. J. (N); Barrington, Hon. G. (N); Labouchere, H. (C 66/4407).1833
1833 13 April Graham, Sir J. R. G.; Hardy, Sir T. M. (N); Dundas, Hon. G. H. L. (N); Brooke Pechell, Sir S. J. (N); Labouchere, H.; Berkeley, Hon. M. F. F. (N) (C 66/4418).1834
1834 11 June Auckland, Lord; Hardy, Sir T. M. (N); Dundas, Hon. G. H. L. (N); Brooke Pechell, Sir S. J. (N); Labouchere, H.; Berkeley, Hon. M. F. F. (N) (C 66/4436).1834
1834 1 Aug. Auckland, Lord; Dundas, Hon. G. H. L. (N); Parker, Sir W. (N); Brooke Pechell, Sir S. J. (N); Labouchere, H.; Berkeley, Hon. M. F. F. (N) (C 66/4439).1834
1834 1 Nov. Auckland, Lord; Adam, C. (N); Parker, Sir W. (N); Brooke Pechell, Sir S. J. (N); Labouchere, H.; Berkeley, Hon. M. F. F. (N) (C 66/4444).1834
1835 23 Dec. de Grey, Earl; Cockburn, Sir G. (N); Beresford, Sir J. P. (N); Rowley, Sir C. (N); Ashley, Lord; Fitzgerald, M. (C 66/4447).1835
1835 25 April Auckland, Lord; Adam, C. (N); Parker, Sir W. (N); Elliot, Hon. G. (N); Troubridge, Sir E. T. (N); Dalmeny, Lord (C 66/ 4455).1835
1835 19 Sept. Minto, Earl of; Adam, Sir C. (N); Parker, Sir W. (N); Elliot, Hon. G. (N); Troubridge, Sir E. T. (N); Dalmeny, Lord (C 66/4462).1837
1837 22 July Minto, Earl of; Adam, Sir C. (N); Parker, Sir W. (N); Troubridge, Sir E. T. (N); Dalmeny, Lord; Berkeley, Hon. M. F. F. (N) (C 66/4507).1839
1839 5 March Minto, Earl of; Adam, Sir C. (N); Parker, Sir W. (N); Trou bridge, Sir E. T. (N); Brooke Pechell, Sir S. J. (N); Dalmeny, Lord (C 66/4560).1841
1841 25 June Minto, Earl of; Adam, Sir C. (N); Troubridge, Sir E. T. (N); Brooke Pechell, Sir S. J. (N); Dalmeny, Lord; Deans Dundas, J. W. (N) (C 66/4632).1841
1841 8 Sept. Haddington, Earl of; Cockburn, Sir G. (N); Gage, Sir W. H. (N); Seymour, Sir G. F. (N); Gordon, Hon. W. (N); Lowry Corry, Hon. H. T. (C 66/4638).1844
1844 22 May Haddington, Earl of; Cockburn, Sir G. (N); Gage, Sir W. H. (N); Bowles, W. (N); Gordon, Hon. W. (N); Lowry Corry, Hon. H. T. (C 66/4714).
1845 12 Feb. Haddington, Earl of; Cockburn, Sir G. (N); Gage, Sir W. H. (N); Bowles, W. (N); Gordon, Hon. W. (N); Fitzroy, Hon. H. (C 66/4735).
1846 13 Jan. Ellenborough, Earl of; Cockburn, Sir G. (N); Gage, Sir W. H. (N); Bowles, W. (N); Gordon, Hon. W. (N); Fitzroy, Hon. H. (C 66/4768).
1846 17 Feb. Ellenborough, Earl of; Cockburn, Sir G. (N); Gage, Sir W. H. (N); Bowles, W. (N); Fitzroy, Hon. H.; Rous, Hon. H. J. (N) (C 66/4771).
1846 13 July Auckland, Earl of; Parker, Sir W. (N); Deans Dundas, J. W. (N); Berkeley, Hon. M. F. F. (N); Hay, Lord J. (N); Cowper, Hon. W. F. (C 66/4785).
1846 24 July Auckland, Earl of; Adam, Sir C. (N); Deans Dundas, J. W. (N); Berkeley, Hon. M. F. F. (N); Hay, Lord J. (N); Cowper, Hon. W. F. (C 66/4787).
1847 20 July Auckland, Earl of; Deans Dundas, J. W. (N); Prescott, H. (N); Berkeley, Hon. M. F. F. (N); Hay, Lord J. (N); Cowper, Hon. W. F. (C 66/4819).
1847 23 Dec. Auckland, Earl of; Deans Dundas, J. W. (N); Berkeley, Hon. M. F. F. (N); Hay, Lord J. (N); Cowper, Hon. W. F.; Milne, A. (N) (C 66/4831).
1849 18 Jan. Baring, Sir F. T.; Deans Dundas, J. W. (N); Berkeley, Hon. M. F. F. (N); Hay, Lord J. (N); Cowper, Hon. W. F.; Milne, A. (N) (C 66/4856).
1850 9 Feb. Baring, Sir F. T.; Deans Dundas, J. W. (N); Berkeley, Hon. M. F. F. (N); Stewart, H. (N); Milne, A. (N); Cowper, Hon. W. F. (C 66/4891).
1852 13 Feb. Baring, Sir F. T.; Berkeley, Hon. M. F. F. (N); Stewart, H. (N); Stir ling, Sir J. (N); Milne, A. (N); Cowper, Hon. W. F. (C 66/4954).
1852 2 March Northumberland, Duke of (N); Parker, H. (N); Hornby, P. (N); Herbert, Sir T. (N); Duncombe, Hon. A. (N); Milne, A. (N) (C 66/4956).
1853 5 Jan. Graham, Sir J. R. G.; Parker, H. (N); Berkeley, Hon. M. F. F. (N); Saunders Dundas, Hon. R. (N); Milne, A. (N); Cowper, Hon. W. F. (C 66/4980).
1854 3 June Graham, Sir J. R. G.; Berkeley, Hon. M. F. F. (N); Saunders Dundas, Hon. R. (N); Richards, P. (N); Milne, A. (N); Cowper, Hon. W. F. (C 66/4985).
1855 8 March Wood, Sir C.; Berkeley, Hon. M. F. F. (N); Eden, H. (N); Richards, P. (N); Milne, A. (N) (C 66/4988).
1855 14 March Wood, Sir C.; Berkeley, Hon. M. F. F. (N); Eden, H. (N); Richards, P. (N); Milne, A. (N); Peel, Sir R. (ibid.).
1857 2 April Wood, Sir C.; Berkeley, Hon. Sir M. F. F. (N); Saunders Dundas, Hon. Sir R. (N); Eden, H. (N); Milne, A. (N); Peel, Sir R. (C 66/4997).
1857 30 May Wood, Sir C.; Berkeley, Hon. Sir M. F. F. (N); Saunders Dundas, Hon. Sir R. (N); Eden, H. (N); Milne, A. (N); Baring, T. G. (ibid.).
1857 24 Nov. Wood, Sir C.; Saunders Dundas, Hon. Sir R. (N); Eden, H. (N); Milne, A. (N); Pelham, Hon. F. T. (N); Baring, T. G. (C 66/ 4999).
1858 8 March Pakington, Sir J. S.; Martin, W. F. (N); Saunders Dundas, Hon. Sir R. (N); Milne, A. (N); Drummond, Hon. J. R. (N); Lovaine, Lord (C 66/5000).
1859 28 Jan. Pakington, Sir J. S.; Martin, W. F. (N); Saunders Dundas, Hon. Sir R. (N); Milne, Sir A. (N); Carnegie, Hon. S. T. (N); Lovaine, Lord (C 66/5003).
1859 11 March Pakington, Sir J. S.; Martin, W. F. (N); Saunders Dundas, Hon. Sir R. (N); Milne, Sir A. (N); Carnegie, Hon. S. T. (N); Lygon, Hon. F. (ibid.).
1859 23 April Pakington, Sir J. S.; Martin, W. F. (N); Saunders Dundas, Hon. Sir R. (N); Leeke, Sir H. J. (N); Milne, Sir A. (N); Lygon, Hon. F. (C 66/5004).
1859 28 June Somerset, Duke of; Saunders Dundas, Hon. Sir R. (N); Pelham, Hon. F. T. (N); Eden, C. (N); Frederick, C. (N); Whitbread, S. (C 66/5005).
1861 15 June Somerset, Duke of; Grey, Hon. Sir F. W. (N); Eden, C. (N); Frederick, C. (N); Drummond, Hon. J. R. (N); Whitbread, S. (C 66/5009).
1863 27 March Somerset, Duke of; Grey, Hon. Sir F. W. (N); Eden, C. (N); Frederick, C. (N); Drummond, Hon. J. R. (N); Hartington, Marquess of (C 66/5016).
1863 5 May Somerset, Duke of; Grey, Hon. Sir F. W. (N); Eden, C. (N); Frederick, C. (N); Drummond, Hon. J. R. (N); Stansfeld, J. (ibid.).
1864 22 April Somerset, Duke of; Grey, Hon. Sir F. W. (N); Eden, C. (N); Frederick, C. (N); Drummond, Hon. J. R. (N); Childers, H. C. E. (C 66/5018).
1865 25 March Somerset, Duke of; Grey, Hon. Sir F. W. (N); Eden, C. (N); Fanshawe, E. G. (N); Drummond, Hon. J. R. (N); Childers, H. C. E. (C 66/5021).
1866 23 Jan. Somerset, Duke of; Grey, Hon. Sir F. W. (N); Eden, C. (N); Fanshawe, E. G. (N); Drummond, Hon. J. R. (N); Fenwick, H. (C 66/5024).
1866 10 April Somerset, Duke of; Grey, Hon. Sir F. W. (N); Eden, C. (N); Fanshawe, E. G. (N); Drummond, Hon. J. R. (N); Hay, Lord J. (N) (C 66/5025).
1866 9 May Somerset, Duke of; Grey, Hon. Sir F. W. (N); Eden, C. (N); Fanshawe, E. G. (N); Hay, Lord J. (N); Shaw Lefevre, G. J. (ibid.).
1866 13 July Pakington, Sir J. S.; Milne, Sir A. (N); Dacres, Sir S. C. (N); Seymour, G. H. (N); Dalrymple Hay, Sir J. C. (N); Du Cane, C. (C 66/5026).
1867 8 March Lowry Corry, Hon. H. T.; Milne, Sir A. (N); Dacres, Sir S. C. (N); Seymour, G. H. (N); Dalrymple Hay, Sir J. C. (N); Du Cane, C. (C 66/5030).
1868 3 Sept. Lowry Corry, Hon. H. T.; Milne, Sir A. (N); Dacres, sir S. C. (N); Seymour, G. H. (N); Dalrymple Hay, Sir J. C. (N); Stanley, Hon. F. A. (C 66/5035).
1868 18 Dec. Childers, H. C. E.; Dacres, Sir S. C. (N); Robinson, Sir R. S. (N); Hay, Lord J. (N); Trevelyan, G. O. (C 66/5037).
1870 12 July Childers, H. C. E.; Dacres, Sir S. C. (N); Robinson, Sir R. S. (N); Hay, Lord J. (N); Camperdown, Earl of (C 66/5044).

Footnotes

1 For the office of Lord High Admiral and the Admiralty Board generally, see James and Shaw, Admiralty Administration, 10-24, 172-80; Ehrman, Navy, 186-98, 651-6; Corbett MS, iv pp. 1-25; D. A. Baugh, British Naval Administration in the Age of Walpole (Princeton 1965), 61-81; Rept. of Select Committee on Board of Admiralty 1861 (HC 438 pp. 1-792 (1861) v, 1-808); Murray, Admiralty, xxiii, 19-25.
2 It was also the practice for the Lord High Admiral to be declared in Council. The ceremony preceded the issue of the letters patent in the case of the Earl of Pembroke (PC 2/78 p. 303, 18 Jan. 1702; PC 2/82 p. 205, 25 Nov. 1708) and followed it in the cases of Prince George (PC 2/79 p. 129, 21 May 1702) and the Duke of Clarence (PC 2/208, 10 May 1827).
3 Commission of 9 July 1673 (Adm. 2/1736 pp. 31-4).
4 Commission of 31 Oct. 1674 (C 66/3164).
5 Parliamentary Debates, 2nd ser., vi, cols. 866-82. In the same year it was enacted that, when the number of Commissioners was less than six, the quorum should be reduced from three to two (3 Geo. IV, c 19).
6 Leake, although named first in the Admiralty commission between 1710 and 1712, 'declined to be First Commissioner' (S. Martin Leake, The Life of Sir John Leake, ed. G. Callender ii (Navy Records Soc., liii, 1920), 344-5). See also Queen Anne's Navy, ed. R. D. Merriman (Navy Records Soc., ciii 1961), 3-4.
7 HC 235 pp. 1-3 (1876) xlv, 571-3.
8 The use of the term 'Sea Lord' was not officially authorised until 1904 (Murray, Admiralty, xxiii, 23).
9 Adm. 3/256, minute of May 1805 printed in Letters and Papers of Charles, Lord Barham, ed. J. K. Laughton, iii (Navy Records Soc., xxxix, 1911), 76-8. The editor has imported into the printed text the term 'Sea Lord' which is not to be found in the original. See also Murray, Admiralty, xxiv, 347-8.
10 Barrow, Autobiography, 417; J. H. Briggs, Naval Administrations 1827-92 (London 1897), 33-4; Vesey Hamilton, Naval Administration, 22-4. In the alphabetical list of officials the designations 'Naval' and 'Civil' Lord have been applied to the Commissioners only from 1830.
11 Order in council 14 Jan. 1869 (Vesey Hamilton, Naval Administration, 189-91).
12 2 Will. IV, c 40, s 1.
13 Corbett MS, v pp. 113-14; HCA 50/7 ff. 154-5; CTB, xviii, 316; letters patent to Clarence 2 May 1827 (C 66/4319).
14 Letters patent to York 29 Jan. 1661 (C 66/2932), to Pembroke 26 Jan. 1702 (C 66/3422) and 29 Nov. 1708 (C 66/3466), to Prince George 20 May 1702 (C 66/3424) and 28 June 1707 (C 66/3462).
15 CTB, xvii, 323.
16 CTB, xxiii, 106; SPB, xiv f. 1.
17 Order in council 30 June 1827 (PC 2/208 p. 306).
18 CTB, vi, 81.
19 CTB, xiv, 100, 400-1.
20 CTB, xxvi, 527; CTB, xxvii, 3, 84; SPB, i f. 44; BL Add. MS 31144 ff. 371-2 cited by G. S. Holmes, British Politics in the Age of Anne (London 1967), 137.
21 SPB, i ff. 44, 48; CTB, xxxi, 314; CTB, xxxii, 305; Corbett MS, iv p. 16.
22 Royal warrant 27 June 1806 (T 52/90 pp. 369-70); SPB, iii f. 2; Corbett MS, iv p. 16.
23 Rept. of Select Committee on Reduction of Salaries 1831 (HC 322 p. 8 (1830-1) iii, 452); TM 15 April 1831 (HC 375 p. 3 (1830-1) vii, 495).
24 3rd Rept. on Fees, 108-9; order in council 15 Jan. 1800 (HC 138 p. 12 (1816) xiii, 180). When such residences were not available an additional allowance of £200 a year was provided (HC 5 p. 5 (1843) xxxi, 307).
25 Order in council 14 Jan. 1869 (Vesey Hamilton, Naval Administration, 189-91).
26 The date of the letters patent issued after the Restoration; in fact York acted as Lord High Admiral from the Restoration, presumably by virtue of a grant made about 1649 (James and Shaw, Admiralty Administration, 19 n. 4).
27 Commission revoked by letters patent 19 May 1684 (C 66/3245).
28 Reappointed following the union with Scotland.
29 Not 'First Lord'. See p. 18 n. 6.