PRETMERO, John Baptist


Institute of Historical Research



Margaret Pelling, Frances White

Year published


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'PRETMERO, John Baptist', Physicians and Irregular Medical Practitioners in London 1550-1640: Database (2004). URL: Date accessed: 29 November 2014.


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John Baptist PRETMERO


Primary occupationmedical apothecary (Apothecary and distiller. Physician 1583.)
Period of medical practice1571-1594
Place of birthItalian
AddressSt Margaret Patten (Billingsgate) 1571. Tower Ward 1583.
Other notesTrouble 1581-4 (?). Cf John BAPTIST the elder: Engl 1525, deniz 1541, of Venice, prof unknown.

Known London address

St Margaret Patten
ParishSt Margaret Pattens
Tower ward
ParishTower Liberty = St Peter ad Vincula (in the Bailey)
WardTower (Street)

Censorial hearings

21 Dec 1571?
Entry'Baptista, an Italian apothecary, was forbidden to practise medicine: he obediently pledged himself not to do so in future.'
Action takenForbidden to practise.
SentenceForbidden to practise
3 Nov 1581
Entry'It was decided that before next Christmas Baptista should pay £6 13s. 4d. to Dr. Baronsdale, Censor, for the use of the College.'
Action takenFined £6 13s 4d.
22 Dec 1581
Entry'The President stated that he had received £6 13s. 4d. from [blank] Baptista which he should have paid Dr. Baronsdale on account of his fine as explained in the Comitia held on 3 November.'
Action takenNone.
27 Nov 1582
Entry'It was decided that Baptista who appeared then should come again on the following Monday to pay then his fine of £10 in cash and similarly on the feast of the Purification of Mary he should pay £10; but if he refused, he should be imprisoned because of malpractices.'
Action takenFined £20 in two instalments; to be imprisoned if he did not pay.
3 Dec 1582
Entry'Baptist appeared following the decision of the previous Comitia. Regarding him it was decided that he should pay £5 in present money, and that afterwards he should give his bond for £5 to be paid at the following feast of the Annunciation of the Virgin Mary when he should present himself in the College, and that either he should pay £10 on the following St. John the Baptist's Day or if he refused he should receive corporal punishment according to the Judgement of the College.'
Action takenTo pay £5 now & £15 in later instalments, or corporal punishment.
SentenceFined £20 on pain of prison / corporal punishment
Michaelmas 1583
EntryBaptista owed £10 in arrears, to be paid in two instalments: £6 13s. 4d. at the Annunciation of the BVM and £3 6s. 8d. at the next St. John the Baptist's day (Annals II p. 22).
Action takenTo pay arrears (membership / connivance fees).
5 Feb 1585
EntryBaptista appeared and it was decided that on the following Annunciation of the Virgin Mary he should pay the Treasurer, Dr. Baronsdale, 6l. 13s. 4d. as a fine.
Action takenFined £6 13s 4d (membership / connivance fee?).
4 Feb 1586
EntryIt was decided that Baptista should pay on the Annunciation of the Virgin Mary a fine of 8l. to Dr. Baronsdale for the use of the College.
Action takenTo pay £8 fine (membership / connivance fee?).

PREEST, Walter