BUGGS, John

Sponsor

Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

Margaret Pelling, Frances White

Year published

2004

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'BUGGS, John', Physicians and Irregular Medical Practitioners in London 1550-1640: Database (2004). URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=17281 Date accessed: 01 August 2014.


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John BUGGS

Biography

NameJohn BUGGS (BOUGGS, BRIGG, BUGG, BUGGES)
GenderMale
Primary occupationmedical apothecary (Apothecary. King's servant 1631. Physician (MPD) 1633. Tobacco-seller. Ch Ch Hospital 1636?)
Period of medical practice1616-1640
Place of birthLondon (St Andrews Holborn (?=address?))
Date of birth1603
Date of death1640
AddressWarwick Lane 1630. Billingsgate Ward 1640.
Other notesTrouble 1626-39. Player/ranger of the Queen of Bohemia 1631 (Royal protection). Rich on death in 1640.

Known London address

Warwick Lane
ParishChrist Church Newgate Street [incl St Audoen 1547; St Nicholas in the Shambles, 1547; part of St Sepulchre's, 1567]
WardFaringdon Within
Date1630
Billingsgate ward
WardBillingsgate
Date1640

Censorial hearings

m S Thomas 1626
EntryThe President asked us to report quacks: he named Blanke, DuVal, Butler, Aire and Bugg and the charge against them.
Initiator of the complaintcollege member
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action taken?
Verdictcase not completed
12 Oct 1632
EntryB was questioned about Burton and confessed. Told to seal a Release of Errors to the College.
Action takenFined £10 now, £20 after 6 months, £20 after 1 year.
Number of crimes1
22 Dec 1632
EntryB was charged by Dr HAWLYE with bad practice on Mr Cooke of the Old Bailey.
Initiator of the complaintcollege member
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action takenB to be summoned to meet the charge.
Number of crimes1
1 Feb 1633
EntryB to be summoned.
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action takenTo be summoned.
1 March 1633
EntryB appeared, accused of suing one Smith in the Exchequer for the fee for curing him of the pox. B said he'd had Dr Cartmeale's directions. Accused of bad practice re Mr Cooke, B said that Dr LAWRENCE of Gratious Street (474) had called him in, and sent 2 of Lawrence's bills.
Action takenSee next.
Number of crimes2
5 April 1633
EntryDr LAWRENCE 474 appeared and was questioned about the Cooke affair. He said he was called in by B!
Action taken[Presumably B was fined and gave sureties.] See next.
Verdictguilty
SentenceFined and gave sureties
Number of crimes1
3 July 1633
EntryCollege decided to take out an action against B's sureties for his non-payment of the fine.
Action takenSureties to be prosecuted.
5 July 1633
EntryB's sureties appeared and refused to pay. College began lawsuit against them.
Action takenProsecution begun.
23 Dec 1633
EntryMr. Holland of Fanchurche Street, apothecary, was accused by Dr Winston of supporting Mr. B, 'whoe stands in opposition with the Colledge.' H denied it.
Initiator of the complaintcollege member
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action takenNone to B.
17 Jan 1634
EntryB's bills were presented.
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action taken?See next.
m Palm Sun 1634
EntryDr Clarke complained of B's bad practice in the case of Mr Rowe of Fenchurch Street and cited COOKE, apothecary (?184, q.v.) as a witness.
Initiator of the complaintcollege member
Second initiator of the complaintother medical practitioner
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action takenSee next.
Number of crimes1
3 July 1630
EntryB, of Warwick Lane, was charged in connection with the son of Mr Murray of Foster Lane, whom he had treated and who had died. B refused to answer the charges of Dr Grent's servant and was found by the College 'very insolent'.
Initiator of the complaintcollege member
Attitude of the accuseddefiant
Action taken?
Verdictcase not completed
Number of crimes1
16 July 1634
Entry'It is thought fitt to respitt the consideracion of Dr. Buggs his practize till next Michelmas.'
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action takenInvestigation deferred until Michaelmas.
12 Sep 1634
EntryDr. Clement, Registrar, sent a letter from the College to Dr. Collins, Regius Professor at Cambridge, complaining that some graduates in arts of foreign universities were being awarded 'the highest honours in medicine from you'. He cited particularly B, an apothecary who had taken a doctor's degree at Leyden after only 'a month or two' and who had been incorporated at Cambridge on that degree.
Initiator of the complaintcollege member
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action takenRegius Prof at Cantab was asked to examine B's worth.
15 Sep 1634
EntryDr B to be arrested 'with a quo minus out of the Exchequer forthwith'. Meanwhile, Prof. Collins had written from Cambridge to say that although B obtained a grace to be incorporated MD Cantab, he never appeared to answer Collins's questions, so the grace was invalid and B is NOT MD Cantab. But B may have got the University's licence to practice, although not from Collins.
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action takenCollege decided to arrest him.
5 Nov 1634
Entry'Dr. Spicer informed that Mr. Holland in Fanchurche street Apothecarye preferred Dr. Buggs stranglye, the particulars therof hee will deliver.'
Initiator of the complaintcollege member
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action takenParticulars to follow.
Verdictcase not completed
5 June 1635
EntryRichard Chalenor said that the apothecary HAUGHTON 378 (qv) had brought B the urine of Nicholas Chalenor, apprentice to Timothy Younge of Cornhill. B had examined it and then prescribed a medicine for NC, who took it and died.
Initiator of the complaintrelative of the patient
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action taken?
Number of crimes1
11 Dec 1635
Entry'Dr. Winston ... presented the books of the examinacions of the Apothecaryes, and Dr. Buggs, which are to bee compared.'
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Verdictcase not completed
20 May 1636
EntryThe College was worried that B might obtain the vacant post in Christ's Hospital, and discussed how prevent this.
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action takenColl to write letter to Lord Mayor against B.
21 May 1636
EntryThe President of Christchurch hospital intended to make B the hospital physician. College presented a petition to the Lord Mayor, arguing against the appointment.
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action takenPetition sent to Lord Mayor against B.
Verdictcase not completed
13 Feb 1637
Entry'It was allso ordered that Mr. Buggs should be required to appeare before the President and Censors vpon Friday the 17 heerof.'
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action takenTo be summoned for Friday 17th February. See next.
17 Feb 1637
EntryB appeared and admitted to having practised for 2 years, viz. since he'd come back as MD of Leyden. He had been to no university, but had trained in an apothecary's shop. President read B the Statutes and prohibited him from practice, advising him to go back to being an apothecary for his livelihood, and offering him the favour of the College & half the practice of some of the Fellows. B refused.
Attitude of the accusedconfessed
Action takenProhibited from practice. See next.
12 Nov 1630
EntryNicholas Martin of Fetter Lane accused B of saying that he was a physician, of giving him (M) false hope about his son and of then charging a fee. M and Isabella Wertley also said that B had given a vomit to Pikhurne, which had made him unconscious for 3 hours. Mr HILL 395 (q.v.) followed B, it was alleged.
Initiator of the complaintrelative of the patient
Second initiator of the complaintfriend/neighbour/acquaintance of the patient
Action takenDeferred until HILL could be summoned.
Verdictcase not completed
Number of crimes2
21 April 1637
EntryB to be sued for 2 years' practice.
Action takenCollege decided to sue B for unlicensed practice.
Verdictguilty
SentenceTo be prosecuted at law
19 Jan 1638
EntrySuit against B [in process?].
Action takenSuit against B.
11 Jan 1639
EntrySuit against B [?in progress].
Action takenSuit against B.
11 Feb 1631
EntryB, one of the Queen of Bohemia's players, was included in a list of illegal practitioners who gained immunity as the King's servants. This list was sent with a petition to the Lord Chamberlain. (Others on it were BUTLER 135, TRIGG 746, HILL 395, BLAYDEN 93 and BLANKE 92.)
Initiator of the complaintcollege member
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action takenPetition sent. Reply said that Coll. could prosecute these people.
Verdictguilty
SentenceTo be prosecuted at law (?)
23 Sep 1631
EntryBeadle said that one Walton had died under B's hands. Dr Grent reported that a pewterer of Ivy Lane had said that B's medicine put out his eyes. Also alleged to have given physic to Lincoln's Inn stewards, as was known to Dr Wright.
Initiator of the complaintcollege member
Second initiator of the complaintcollege member
Third initiator of the complaintcollege member
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action takenCensors, with Master & Wardens of SA, to search B's shop.
Number of crimes3
2 Nov 1631
Entry'Consideration to be had about collecting good proofes against George Butler, John Buggs and William Trigge'.
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action takenCollege to collect proofs against B.
11 May 1632
EntryMedicines had been seized from B's shop on visitation from the SA. Lawrence Relfe, servant to the late George Burton, haberdasher, complained of B. Burton being ill, R called B, who sent a clyster by a servant, and later sent syrup of violets & flowers of sulphur. Burton deteriorated & B came & blooded him, & later sent 3 pills. Burton died that night. William Wallye, Burton's man, confirmed story.
Initiator of the complaintfriend/neighbour/acquaintance of the patient
Second initiator of the complaintfriend/neighbour/acquaintance of the patient
Action taken[B must have been imprisoned - see next.]
Verdictguilty
SentenceImprisoned and fined £50
Number of crimes1
3 July 1632
EntryLetter received from Lord Heathe, requesting B's release on habeas corpus (dated 30 June).
Attitude of the accuseddefiant
Action takenCollege replied refusing (13 July).
1 Oct 1632
EntryClark of the SA asked if B could pay the fine in two stages.
Attitude of the accusedsubmitted to the College
Action takenCollege agreed, if there was good surety.


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