TENANT, Thomas

Sponsor

Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

Margaret Pelling, Frances White

Year published

2004

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'TENANT, Thomas', Physicians and Irregular Medical Practitioners in London 1550-1640: Database (2004). URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=17854 Date accessed: 01 August 2014.


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Thomas TENANT

Biography

NameThomas TENANT
GenderMale
Primary occupationmedical physician (MD) (Quack. Physician)
Period of medical practice1596-1623
AddressSt Mary Somerset 1621 (? or John Tenant, uroscopist, once 727)
Other notesIn a lot of trouble 1606-23, including legal action 1610. Sir William Cornwallis on his side. MD Paris acquired in the middle of the fuss.

Known London address

Snowhill
ParishSt Sepulchre without Newgate
WardFaringdon Without
Date1607
St Pauls
ParishSt Gregory by St Paul's
WardCastle Baynard
Date1608
St Antholins
ParishSt Antholin
WardCordwainer Street
Date1611
Custom House
ParishAll Hallows Barking
WardTower (Street)
Date1613

Censorial hearings

4 Dec 1606
EntryThe Beadle was ordered to summon T, a 'quack', to the next Comitia.
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action takenTo be summoned.
12 Jan 1610
EntryT failed to appear.
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action takenFailed to appear.
m S John B 1610
EntryDr Lister and Dr Fludd charged T, and T denied all practice. College resolved to collect evidence 'regarding illicit and ill practice' against him.
Attitude of the accuseddenied
Action takenEvidence to be collected.
1 Oct 1610
EntryThe President asked the Fellows again to collect evidence ('concerning the people, month or day') against T. For the College's action, see the BOOK OF EXAMINATIONS.
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action takenCollege to collect evidence. Details in the BOOK OF EXAMINATIONS.
Verdictguilty
SentenceTo be prosecuted at law. Later fined £20 + public confession
22 Nov 1610
EntryT was released from legal action when Sir William Cornwallis senior appeared, with other letters on his behalf. In court, the College had asked him how long he'd practised. He now appeared and claimed that he was MD of Paris 'under Riolan of Paris'. He agreed to a public confession of 4 months' practice and to pay the College a fine of £10 and £10 on account of the lawsuit, if it could be dropped.
Pressure applied by Collegeyes
Action takenFined £10 (with £10 costs) & to make public confession of practice.
1 March 1611
EntryT asked about the costs of the law suit. He applied for a 3 months' licence, but it was refused. He left, and then the President charged him with practice. Dr Crooke charged him with treating Mrs White near St Antholins church for £27, and failing to cure her of quartan fever.
Initiator of the complaintcollege member
Second initiator of the complaintcollege member
Attitude of the accusedasked for College membership
Action taken?
Number of crimes1
10 Aug 1611
EntryEliz. Googe charged T with treating her and leaving her worse in 1606, having charged her 41s. for purge and ointment.
Initiator of the complaintpatient
Action taken?
Verdictcase not completed
Number of crimes1
5 Feb 1613
EntryT was charged by ANTONIO (22, qv) with giving him pulvis sanctus in white wine. T appeared - see the BOOK OF EXAMINATIONS.
Initiator of the complaintother medical practitioner
Action taken? (Details in the BOOK OF EXAMINATIONS.)
Number of crimes1
5 March 1613
EntryT replied to the charges of Dr Goulston and others. See the BOOK OF EXAMINATIONS.
Initiator of the complaintcollege member
Action takenDeferred until the next Comitia.
m Palm Sun 1613
EntrySpeed, of the Custom House, confirmed Dr Goulston's charges against T: T had agreed to cure S of the stone for £20, but had failed to cure him, and S had broken off the agreement, fearing death.
Initiator of the complaintpatient
Action taken?
Number of crimes1
7 May 1613
EntryT was condemned for ill practice and fined £20, and warned. See the BOOK OF EXAMINATIONS.
Action takenFined £20 and warned.
Verdictguilty
SentenceFined £20 and warned
22 Dec 1606
EntryThe Beadle was ordered to summon T to the next Comitia.
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action takenTo be summoned.
29 Nov 1613
EntryThe President (MOUNDEFORD) proposed that the law suit pending with others and Dr Tenant on the following Wednesday ought to be discussed ... so that each one separately might say what he thought.
Action taken?To be prosecuted at law
Verdictguilty
SentenceTo be prosecuted at law
4 Feb 1614
EntryThe President (MOUNDEFORD) reported that according to the information of Dr Poe, Dr Tenant had illicitly treated a certain royal servant suffering from purple fever (peticulari febre), and that most recently. He wanted this to be noted here in the Annals.
Action taken?T's illict practice noted in the Annals
Verdictcase not completed
Number of crimes1
4 Oct 1622
Entry"It was decided that these quacks should be summoned for ill practice: Dr. Tenant ...".
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action takenTo be summoned for ill practice.
Verdictcase not completed
m Palm Sun 1623
EntryDr SAUNDERS said: 'Dr Tennant tooke one Mr. Thrayle out of my hands and by pact receiued vj li. in hand to cure him of a Lyenteria. The same Dr Tennant on Tewsday may vjth vpon sight of Mr. Harris his water one of his Maiesties Guard, determined vpon that night next following he shoold haue a greiuous fitt, and the same day sennight at night he shoold dye - the man yet lives and is like to recouer.'
Action taken?
Verdictcase not completed
Number of crimes2
6 March 1607
Entry'Tenant summoned for this day replied that he was under an obligation to follow the King'.
Pressure applied by Collegeyes
Action takenFailed to appear.
Verdictcase not completed
9 Oct 1607
EntryAlice, wife of John Randol of the Knotty Stick, Snowhill, said that T had undertaken to treat her manservant for £6 (£2 in advance) and had given catharthic pills and powders for 8 days, over-purging the patient so that he would not eat, became exhausted and died of marasmus in September. T was also accused by Morton, apothecary of Snowhill, of giving pills for 12s. and syrups for 20s. & 12s. to the servant of Mr Manditt, a leather seller, who died of a haemorrhage.
Initiator of the complaintfriend/neighbour/acquaintance of the patient
Second initiator of the complaintother medical practitioner
Action taken?
Verdictcase not completed
Number of crimes2
8 Jan 1608
EntrySegar, Garter King of Arms, and his wife said that T, 'that notorious quack', had undertaken the cure of Mrs Brown of St Pauls, who had dropsy, and had accepted £32, 'increased beyond all conscience', leaving her with no cure. For instance, he had charged £6 for one pill, or £6 for a pint of an Apozem.
Initiator of the complaintperson unconnected with the patient or the case
Second initiator of the complaintperson unconnected with the patient or the case
Action taken?
Verdictcase not completed
Number of crimes1
1 July 1608
EntryThe Beadle was ordered to summon T to the next meeting.
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action takenTo be summoned.
5 July 1608
EntryMaria, wife of Thomas Whitney, said that T had given her husband a pea-sized pill for a mild heat, which had caused excessive vomiting and purging for 3 days and death soon after. T had charged 6s. for the pill. John Fulces corroborated this.
Initiator of the complaintspouse of the patient
Second initiator of the complaintperson unconnected with the patient or the case
Action taken?
Number of crimes1
28 July 1609
EntryT was arrested and brought to the Pro-President (Dr Moundeford)'s house. Moundeford, Palmer, Argent and Gwinne committed him to prison and fined him £20. The previous proceedings against him were read from the Book of Annals.
Action takenFined £20 and imprisoned.
Verdictguilty
SentenceFined £20 and imprisoned. Released on bail in 3 days
1 Aug 1609
EntryT had been released the previous day on bail. He did not appear, but sent his servant to say that he was at a feast at which his guarantor, Mr Ferlock (tailor) was also present, and he would meet the Censors at his house. This meeting did not occur: 'for seeing that he had escaped from the private prison on the pretext of bail, he soon made use of a similar stratagem to flee away from Judge Crooke.'
Action takenFailed to appear.


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