This volume of the Victoria History of Essex is the ninth to be published under
the co-operative system described in the editorial note to volume IV. The Essex
Victoria County History Committee, under the chairmanship until 1988 of Sir
William Addison (whose death in 1992 is deeply regretted) and thereafter of Mr.
Frank Sainsbury, has continued to supervise the progress and funding of the
work. The Hon. John Petre (from 1989 Lord Petre) succeeded Mr. Sainsbury as
Vice-Chairman in 1988. Mr. William H. Liddell has continued as Hon. Secretary
of the Committee; Mr. Geoffrey J. Clements was succeeded as Hon. Treasurer in
1992 by Mr. Geoffrey Hare. Mr. Kenneth H. Sleat died in 1986 and was
succeeded as Hon. Assistant Secretary in 1987 by Mr. George Saddington. To all
of them, and to all the members of the Committee, the University of London
offers its warm thanks. It also records its deep gratitude to the Local Authorities
which have provided the funds of the Committee and have thus enabled the
present volume to be compiled, namely Essex County Council and the Councils
of the London Boroughs of Barking and Dagenham, Havering, Newham, Redbridge, and (until 1993) Waltham Forest.
The generous help of the Local Authorities has recently been given in a period
of extreme pressure on their finances, which prompted the launch in 1994 of an
Essex V.C.H. Appeal Fund to supplement the resources of the Committee.
Subscribers to that fund are thanked most sincerely, as are its Chairman, Mr.
Robert G. E. Wood, and its Hon. Secretary, Mrs. Lynn Marston.
The present volume was planned by the former County Editor, Mr. W. R.
Powell, and the work was begun under his editorship in 1983 before the staff
turned their attention to the Bibliography Supplement. He was succeeded as
County Editor in 1986 by Dr. Janet M. Cooper. In 1984 Mrs. Shirley Durgan,
formerly research officer, succeeded Mrs. Norma Knight as assistant editor and
Mrs. Pamela Studd was appointed editorial assistant. In 1992 Mrs. Beryl A.
Board retired as senior assistant editor, and Dr. Christopher C. Thornton was
appointed as assistant editor.
The General Introduction to the Victoria County History, published in 1970,
and its Supplement published in 1990 give an outline of the structure and aims of
the series as a whole, with an account of its origin and progress. As in volumes
IV-VIII of the Essex History, the brief descriptions of the earlier parochial
registers of each parish, commonly included in the topographical volumes of the
V.C.H., have not been considered necessary, because of the publication by the
County Council of Essex Parish Records, 1240-1894 (1950; revised edn. 1966).
The authors and editors of the present volume have again received help from
many persons. Especial thanks are due to Mr. J. Bensusan-Butt, Dr. R. H.
Britnell, Dr. A. F. J. Brown, Dr. M. Byford, Mr. A. Phillips, and Mr. J. Walter
for extensive help over the whole period of the preparation of the volume. Mr. A.
Borges, Miss J. V. Dansie, the late Miss H. E. P. Grieve, Dr. L. Higgs, Prof. G.
H. Martin, the late Dr. J. B. Penfold, Brig. A. F. F. H. Robertson, and Mr. B.
Usher have also provided information or commented on drafts, and their help is
gratefully acknowledged. Particular thanks are also given to the staff of the Essex
Record Office, especially those of the Branch Office at Colchester, the staff of the
Local Studies section of Essex County Libraries, and the staff of the Colchester
Museum; the staff of the Archaeology Section of Essex County Council, of the
Colchester Archaeological Trust, and of the Department of Environmental Services of Colchester Borough have all provided valuable information. Others who
have given help with a specific part of the volume are named in the footnotes or
in the list of illustrations; they too are sincerely thanked.
Nationally, a Victoria History Trust has been established: its initial endowment
was in the form of a generous gift from Mr. and Mrs. Maurice Tattersfield in
memory of their daughter Patricia (Pippa) Tattersfield (1937-92), who from 1966
to 1992 was the General Editor's secretary and Executive Officer of the V.C.H.
and whose skilful and loyal work for the series over a long period was of