A schoolhouse near the church
was mentioned in 1686, and although Willesden
did not feature in the list of charity schools in
Middlesex in 1724 the schoolhouse was mentioned again in 1735. (fn. 19) It had presumably disappeared, however, before Richard Freelove, by
will dated 1776, gave £200 to erect and endow
a charity school and a special vestry in 1777
passed a resolution to build a school. Nothing
was done, however, until 1809 when a parish
school was opened in Willesden, Freelove's gift
being used to build a schoolroom and voluntary
contributions to finance it. (fn. 20) The farmers feared
that it would 'render the children of the poor
unfit for useful and contented labour.' (fn. 21) It
opened as a Sunday school, attended in 1819 by
90 children, and by 1818 a National day school
for 80 children was also held there. (fn. 22) The poor
were then said to possess sufficient means of
education, although the parish could scarcely
support the school. (fn. 23) The Independents opened
a Sunday school at Chapel End in 1820, (fn. 24) described in 1833 as an infants' school where 40
boys and 30 girls were instructed at their parents'
expense. The National school was by then wholly
a day school, attended by 43 boys and 37 girls and
financed by endowment and school pence. The
Independents also had a day school for 16 boys
and girls and there were two day schools at which
36 boys were educated, all three financed by
school pence. (fn. 25) Willesden National school was
still considered adequate to meet the educational
needs of all the district in 1846, (fn. 26) although the
vestry had in 1843 taken a decision to build
a school in Kilburn for the poor. During the later
19th century the different hamlets and districts
within Willesden began to acquire their own
National schools. Kilburn was the first with St.
Paul's, opened in 1847 and replaced in 1867 by
Holy Trinity. The early nonconformist schools
closed but a Wesleyan school was opened in
Harlesden in 1871 and a Roman Catholic school
in Kilburn in 1872.
In 1870 there was accommodation for 726
children in three public schools. All were said to
be connected with the Church or the National
Society. (fn. 27) By 1875 the three National schools
provided accommodation for 1,078 children, the
Wesleyan and Roman Catholic schools for 382,
and other National schools on the borders of the
parish (St. Augustine's, Kilburn, and St. John's,
Kensal Green) for 589, a total in all of 2,049
places. The Education Department served notice
on Willesden parish that 350 more places were
needed. (fn. 28) Within a year the accommodation had
risen to 3,319 but the increase was mainly due to
the schools outside Willesden, especially the
Kilburn schools of St. Augustine's and St.
Luke's (opened for 620 children in 1876). By
1882 there were 4,577 places and another 432
were being built. The Education Department
refused in 1877 to consider St. Luke's or St.
John's, Kensal Green, as Willesden schools,
arguing that there was a deficiency of accommodation and that a school board was necessary.
It made an order for the compulsory formation of
a school board in Willesden in 1882. (fn. 29)
The churches, which had formed an association to fight against the imposition of a school
board, continued their opposition with some
success for another decade. They dominated the
board and prevented the opening of a board
school. (fn. 30) Instead a number of new Church
schools were established in the rapidly growing
but poor districts of Willesden: Brondesbury in
1878, Willesden Green and St. John's, Kilburn,
in 1882, Stonebridge in 1883, and Neasden in
1884. The Church Extension Association, working through the Anglican community of the
Sisters of the Church, which was based in
Kilburn Park Road, opened four schools: Gordon
Memorial in Kilburn in 1887, Keble Memorial
and the People's College in Harlesden, and
Princess Frederica in Kensal Rise in 1889.
A Roman Catholic school opened in Harlesden in
1887 and a Protestant school in Kilburn in 1891.
Generally, however, the nonconformists became
the driving force behind the movement for board
The Anglicans had the patronage of the largest
landowners in the area, the Ecclesiastical Commissioners and All Souls College, who often
donated sites and subscriptions for new schools,
but they lacked a wealthy middle class to which
they could appeal for donations. They complained of the enmity of the Education Department and of the Metropolitan Railway Co. which
leased land at Neasden on advantageous terms to
nonconformists while demanding the full rent
from Anglicans. (fn. 31)
The Education Department refused grants to
Church schools, and although it failed in its
attempt to close All Souls school it compelled
Willesden to open a temporary board school in
the Wesleyan lecture hall in Harlesden in 1885
and to build its first board school there in 1891.
Before it was superseded in 1904 Willesden
school board opened another 12, mainly large,
schools and several special schools. The 15
voluntary schools provided 10,217 places and the
board schools another 10,876. (fn. 32)
In 1904 Willesden U.D. became an autonomous part III authority under the 1902 Education Act and a council education committee
replaced the school board. (fn. 33) Under pressure
from the Board of Education, (fn. 34) the council had
opened another 13 schools by 1916 and although
those and the 13 former board schools included
some which were temporary, there were still 20
council schools in existence by 1919, providing
accommodation for 19,396 children, compared
with 7,094 places in the 12 non-provided schools.
Another 1,177 Willesden children were educated
in London public elementary schools, just outside the borders. Willesden also maintained
special schools for physically handicapped and
mentally defective children. Only in secondary
education was the provision inadequate. (fn. 35)
There was a higher grade department for boys
at St. Andrew, Willesden Green, after 1892.
Willesden U.D.C. agreed in 1909 to contribute to
the enlargement of Brondesbury and Kilburn
high school for girls (opened 1892) (fn. 36) and made
grants for scholarships there and to Kilburn
grammar school for boys and, after 1922, to the
Roman Catholic Convent of Jesus and Mary for
girls. (fn. 37) In 1926 a Central school was established
at Pound Lane. Secondary education was, however, primarily the responsibility of the county,
which took over Kilburn grammar school in
1908, aided (and in 1938 took over) Brondesbury
and Kilburn high, and in 1924 opened Willesden
county grammar school.
Four council schools and one Roman Catholic
school were opened between 1927 and 1930 but
no new schools were opened thereafter until the
1950s. Following the Hadow report, eight
council and two Church schools were organized
into senior and junior departments between 1927
and 1932, and another seven and two respectively
between 1932 and 1938.
In 1946 Willesden education committee
drew up a development plan for 13 secondary
modern, (fn. 38) 5 grammar, and 2 secondary technical
schools but the committee, even at that early
stage, adopted the principle of comprehensive
education and set out a plan for converting the
existing schools in two stages into six fully
comprehensive schools. (fn. 39) The first stage was
implemented in 1967 when some senior schools
became fully comprehensive, others were reorganized as junior and senior high schools,
others were closed or amalgamated, and one new
comprehensive, Willesden high, was opened.
The second phase took place 1971-3 when the
junior and senior high schools were amalgamated, more schools were closed, especially those
in board and early council school buildings, and
three new large comprehensives were opened. By
1978 there were ten comprehensives. (fn. 40)
There were 34 primary schools in 1978, mostly
successors to board and council schools founded
before 1930. They included six of the eleven
Church of England schools which had existed in
1900, seven Roman Catholic, and one Jewish
school. Eight new primary schools had been
opened since 1950 and many of the older schools
were accommodated in new buildings.
The general sources are those
indicated above, p. 44, with the addition of
Grange Mus., gen. files, schools (Origin of Schs.
in Willesden, 1953), and the same abbreviations
All Souls C.E., Harlesden. Abortive attempt
to found sch. 1856. Nat. sch. for 150 G and I
opened 1867 in iron bldg. adjoining temp. church
of All Souls. 1874 a.a. 60 G and I. Sch. pence
1874 (1d. and 2d.). Iron classroom opened 1882
for 138 I. By agreement B attended Harlesden
Wesleyan sch. until 1882. New sch. built 1883 in
Station Rd. for 589 BGI. 1890 a.a. 466. Financed
by parl. grant and vol. contributions. Reorg.
from 1927 into JM and I; closed 1932.
Anson Primary, Anson Rd., Cricklewood.
Opened 1952 for JM and I. Huts added. Roll
Aylestone High, Aylestone Ave., Brondesbury. Opened 1956 as sec. mod. for 500 SM.
Reorg. 1967 as S high sch. and extended 1971
as comprehensive for 1,650 SM. Roll 1978:
Braintcroft Primary, Warren Rd., Brentwater Estate. Opened 1928 as council sch. for 494
JM and I. Reorg. and extended 1932 for 414 JM,
504 I. 1936 a.a. 400 JM, 424 I. Roll 1978: 475 JM,
246 I, 60 nursery.
Brentfield Primary, see Gibbons Rd.
Bridge Rd. Primary, Neasden. Opened 1913
as temp. council sch. for 400 M and I. Replaced
1915 by permanent council sch. for 1200 BGI.
1919 a.a. 228 B, 232 G, 258 I. Reorg. by 1932
into JB, JG, I, and 1942 into JM, I. Nursery
unit added 1978. Roll 1978: 327 JM, 138 I, 28
Brondesbury C.E., see Christ Church.
Brondesbury And Kilburn High, Salusbury
Rd., Kilburn. Formed 1967 as comprehensive
for SM by amalg. of Brondesbury and Kilburn
high for G and Kilburn grammar for B. Reorg.
1973 as comprehensive. Acquired former
Brondesbury synagogue for extra accn. 1975.
Roll 1978: 850 SM.
Brondesbury And Kilburn High For G,
Salusbury Rd., Kilburn. Opened 1892 as G
demonstration sch. for ladies' training college
(later called Maria Grey). Aided by Willesden
U.D.C. and Mdx. C.C. from 1909. (fn. 41) Taken over
1938 by Mdx. C.C. as grammar sch. for G. In
1940 Maria Grey moved to Twickenham and
part of sch. bldg. destroyed in war. Rebuilt 1951.
Amalg. with Kilburn grammar for B 1967 as
Brondesbury and Kilburn high.
Buller Rd. Temp., Kensal Green. Opened
1901 as bd. sch. for 172 B in hall belonging to
Baptist chapel. Closed 1908. (fn. 42)
Cambridge Rd. Temp., Kilburn. Opened 1905
as council sch. for 150 B in Methodist Free
Church Sunday sch. Superseded 1912 by Percy
Rd. (fn. 43)
Cardinal Hinsley R.C. High, Harlesden Rd.,
Harlesden. Opened 1958 as vol. aided R.C. sec.
mod. for B. Reorg. 1967 as comprehensive and
extended. Roll 1978: 900 B.
Carlton Vale I, Kilburn. Opened 1913 as
council sch. for 400 G, 416 I. 1927 a.a. 363 G, 371
I. 1938 a.a. 217 G, 296 I. Reorg. 1939 into sec.
mod. for G, I. Sec. mod. 1967 became J high and
amalg. 1972 with Percy Rd. as South Kilburn
high when bldgs. became Carlton community
centre. I sch. moved to new bldgs. 1970. Roll
1978: 151 I, 23 nursery.
Chamberlayne Wood Primary, Chamberlayne Rd., Kensal Rise. Opened 1904 as council
sch. for 400 B, 400 G, 420 I. 1919 a.a. 359 B, 358
G, 269 I. Reorg. by 1932 for 320 SB, 320 SG, 400
I, and between 1936 and 1938 into SM, I. 1938
a.a. 274 SM, 218 I. S sch. became sec. mod.
under 1944 Act, J high 1967 and closed 1970. I
sch. reorg. 1977 as JM and I. Roll 1978: 270 JM
and I, 30 nursery.
Christ Church C.E., Willesden Lane,
Brondesbury. Sch. for 60 G and I opened 1878
by vicar in hired premises. School pence 1878
(2d. to 4d.). Joined Nat. Soc. 1887. Permanent
sch. opened 1889 for 120 I. 1890 a.a. 58 I.
Financed by parl. grant and vol. contributions.
Sch. for 62 B, 62 G built next to it 1893. (fn. 44) 1908
a.a. 68 B, 63 G, 128 I. By 1919 accn. 152 B, 152
G, 110 I. 1927 a.a. 144 B, 144 G, 105 I. Reorg.
between 1932 and 1936 into JB, JG, I and by
1948 into JM and I. (fn. 45) Roll 1978: 196 JM and I.
College Rd. Temp., Kensal Rise. Opened
1913 (fn. 46) as council sch. for 400 M. 1919 a.a. 400 M.
1927 a.a. 282 M. Closed 1929.
Convent Of Jesus And Mary R.C. High,
Crown Hill Rd., Harlesden. Opened 1888 as
private R.C. day and boarding sch. for G. Bldgs.
erected 1887-96. Became day sch. for G 1939.
Reorg. under 1944 Act as grammar sch. for SG.
Vol. aided status from 1952. Reorg. 1956 as
bilateral grammar and sec. mod. for G. (fn. 47) Extended 1959. (fn. 48) Reorg. 1966 as comprehensive.
Additions 1972, 1978. Roll 1978: 1,000.
Convent Of Jesus And Mary R.C. I, Park
Ave., Willesden Green. Opened 1908 as private
R.C. sch. (below, private schs.). Reorg. 1967 as
state-aided I sch. Roll 1978: 280 I.
Disraeli Rd. Temp., Acton Lane, Harlesden.
Opened 1900 as bd. sch. for 180 M. Reorg. 1902
for 190 I. Closed 1916. (fn. 49)
Dollis Hill Temp. Opened 1929 as council
sch. Closed 1930.
Donnington Primary, Uffington Rd. Opened
1972 for JM and I. Roll 1978: 218 JM and I, 18
Dudden [Dudding] Hill Lane. Opened 1897
as bd. sch. for 1,250 BGI. 1906 a.a. 399 B, 386 G,
437 I. Reorg. by 1938 into 1,100 SB, SG, I. 1938
a.a. 323 SB, 301 SG, 265 I. Under 1944 Act SB,
SG became sec. mod. which closed 1964. I closed
1960, replaced by Northview. Bldgs. taken over
by Willesden College of Technology.
Furness Primary, Furness Rd., Harlesden.
Opened 1908 as council sch. for 1,256 SM, JM, I.
1919 a.a. 351 SM, 329 JM, 344 I. Reorg. 1925 as
BGI. 1938 a.a. 262 B, 242 G, 268 I. Part bombed
and rebuilt after war. Reorg. 1949 into JM, I.
Roll 1978: 378 JM, 244 I.
Gibbons Rd., Stonebridge. Opened 1902 as
bd. sch. for 800 M, 418 I. 1927 a.a. 549 M, 312 I.
Reorg. by 1932 for 480 SM, 350 I. 1938 a.a. 397
SM, 228 I. Under 1944 Act SM became sec.
mod.; I moved 1949 to temp. accn. in Conduit
Way. Hall built 1959 and name changed 1960 to
Brentfield I. Sec. mod. merged 1969 into Sladebrook high which continued to use old bldgs. I
sch. rebuilt in Meadow Garth and reorg. 1975 as
JM and I. Roll 1978: 213 JM and I.
Gladstone Park Primary, Sherrick Green
Rd., Dollis Hill. Opened 1914 as temp. council
sch. Reopened 1915 as permanent council sch.
for 400 M. 1919 a.a. 352 M. New bldg. and reorg.
1937 for 300 JM, 280 I. 1938 a.a. 242 JM, 174 I.
Extension built 1976. Roll 1978: 330 JM, 256 I.
Gordon Commercial. Recorded 1890 for 233
G and I, a.a. 98.
Gordon Memorial C.E., Cambridge Rd.,
Kilburn. Opened 1885 by Sisters of the Church
for I in bldg. belonging to Methodist chapel.
New bldg. 1887 for 1,240 BGI. 1890 a.a. 277 B,
274 G, 432 I. Financed by parl. grant and vol.
contributions. 1938 a.a. 136 B, 109 G, 99 I.
Closed 1953 and bldgs. acquired by St. Mary's
R.C. sch. (fn. 50)
Harlesden C.E., see All Souls.
Harlesden Primary, Acton Lane, Harlesden.
Opened 1891 as first bd. sch. for 350 M, I.
Financed by parl. grants and vol. contributions.
Expanded 1900 to 472 M, I. 1908 a.a. 298 M, 178
I. Reorg. by 1932 for 380 JM and I. 1932 a.a. 332
JM and I. Roll 1978: 280 JM and I.
Harlesden R.C., see St. Joseph, Harlesden,
Harlesden Wesleyan (Willesden Junction),
Craven Park Rd., Harlesden. Opened 1871 for
129 BG next to Wesleyan chapel. Financed by
subscriptions and sch. pence (3d. and 4d.). Agreement with All Souls to take B only. 1880 a.a. 83 B.
Parl. grant but closed 1882 for lack of funds. (fn. 51)
Harlesden Green, see People's College.
Holy Trinity C.E., Kilburn. Opened 1867 as
Nat. sch. for 220 B in bldgs. of St. Paul's,
Kilburn, Nat. sch. in Edgware Rd. Nat. sch. for
440 G and I opened 1868 in Canterbury Rd. 1890
a.a. 148 B, 96 G, 129 I. Financed by parl. grants,
vol. contributions, and sch. pence (1s. 5d.). B
closed 1925. 1927 a.a. 99 G, 122 I. Reorg. by 1932
for 340 B. Council acquired site 1937 in exchange
for one in Alpha Place. Closed 1939 and demol.
John Kelly High, Crest Rd., Neasden.
Opened 1958 as sec. mod. for B, G. Reorg. 1967
as comprehensives for SB, SG. Additions made
1970 and 1974. Roll 1978: 660 B, 1,000 G.
Keble Memorial C.E., Crown Hill Rd.,
Harlesden. Opened 1889 by Sisters of the Church
for 150 B, 180 G, 250 I. 1890 a.a. 90 B, 95 G, 100
I. Financed by parl. grant, vol. contributions,
and sch. pence (7s.). 1919 a.a. 173 B, 230 G, 129 I.
Reorg. 1955 as JM, I. Control passed 1965 to
London Diocesan Bd. of Educ. Vol. aided.
Modernized and extended 1973. Roll 1978: 250
JM, 180 I.
Kensal Green Temp. Opened 1896 for B, 1897
for G, in bldgs. belonging to St. John's parish.
Kensal Rise Primary, Harvist Rd. Opened
1898 as bd. sch. for 1,270 BGI. 1908 a.a. 396 B,
399 G, 440 I. Reorg. 1930 into 400 JB, 400 I, and
by 1936 into 1,200 JB, JG, I. 1938 a.a. 248 JB,
219 JG, 325 I. Reorg. 1977 into JM, I. Roll 1978:
251 JM, 162 I, 16 nursery.
Kilburn Grammar, Salusbury Rd. Opened
1898 in Willesden Lane as choir sch. by vicar of
St. Paul's, Kilburn. Moved 1900 to Salusbury
Rd., (fn. 52) opposite Brondesbury and Kilburn high
for G, and became grammar sch. for B. Roll 1900:
120. Acquired by Mdx. C.C. 1908 and enlarged
1927. (fn. 53) Damaged in war and rebuilt 1951-2.
Amalg. with Brondesbury and Kilburn high for
G 1967 as Brondesbury and Kilburn high.
Kilburn Orphanage, see Percy Rd.
Kilburn Park, Kilburn Park Rd. Opened
1907 by council for 150 G, 174 I in premises of
Kilburn Protestant sch. 1927 a.a. 318 GI; 1938
a.a. 190 GI. Moved to new site in Malvern Rd.
1972. Roll 1978: 217 JM.
Kilburn Park, Percy Rd. BGI sch. opened
1879 in rooms under chapel of Bible Christians.
Financed by sch. pence (3d.). Roll 1880: 90 BGI.
Kilburn Protestant, Kilburn Park Rd.
Opened for BGI in bldgs. of Kilburn Protestant
and Evangelical church 1900. (fn. 54) Financed by vol.
contributions and sch. pence (1d.). Taken over
by council 1907 as Kilburn Park sch.
Kilburn R.C., see St. Mary R.C.
Kilburn St. Paul, see St. Paul, Kilburn.
Kilburn Trinity, see Holy Trinity.
King Albert Belgian, Wrentham Ave.,
Kensal Rise. Opened 1916 by council for M
children of Belgian refugees. Closed 1919.
Leopold Primary, Leopold Rd. Opened 1897
as bd. sch. for 1,250 BGI. 1908 a.a. 438 B, 445 G,
460 I; 1932 a.a. 270 B, 231 G, 270 I. Reorg. by
1936 into 550 SM, 400 I. 1938 a.a. 365 SM, 247 I.
After 1944 Act SM became sec. mod. and closed
1966 when pupils transferred to Willesden
county and bldg. used as annexe for St. Joseph's,
Harlesden, R.C. I reorg. 1976 into JM and I. Roll
1978: 115 JM and I.
Lower Place, Barretts Green Rd., Harlesden.
Opened 1915 as council sch. for 800 M, I on site
next to temp. sch. (fn. 55) (see below). 1919 a.a. 351 M,
241 I; 1936 a.a. 197 M, 112 I. Reorg. by 1938 for
556 JM and I. 1938 a.a. 189 JM and I. Closed
1977. (fn. 56)
Lower Place Temp., Barretts Green Rd.,
Harlesden. Opened 1902 as bd. sch. for 680 BGI
and closed 1915.
Malorees Primary, Christchurch Ave.,
Brondesbury. Opened 1953 as council sch. for
JM and I. Reorg. 1958 into JM, I. Extensions
1969. Roll 1978: 310 JM, 185 I.
Mora Primary, Mora Rd., Cricklewood. (fn. 57)
Opened 1907 as council sch. for 400 B, 400 G,
400 I. 1919 a.a. 315 B, 306 G, 188 I; 1936 a.a. 350
B, 316 G, 331 I. Reorg. 1937 for 400 SM, 380
JM, 400 I. After 1944 Act SM became sec. mod.
which closed 1958 when John Kelly schs. opened.
New block added 1950s and nursery unit 1978.
Roll 1978: 240 JM, 142 I, 31 nursery.
Neasden C.E. Opened 1884 as Nat. sch. for
168 M in St. Saviour's mission church at junction
of Neasden Lane with Quainton St. Iron room
for I added 1889. 1890 a.a. 109 M. Permanent
sch. for 106 I added 1893. Financed by parl.
grant and vol. contributions. 1908 a.a. 127 M, 58
I. Reorg. by 1932 for 224 JM and I. 1932 a.a. 164
JM and I; 1938: 99 JM and I. Closed 1945.
Neasden High, Quainton St. Opened 1973
as SM comprehensive in new bldgs. Roll 1978:
Neasden Temp. Opened 1927 as council sch.
for 40 I. 1932 a.a. 64 I. Closed 1937.
North-West London Jewish, 180 Willesden
Lane, Brondesbury. Opened 1945 as vol. aided
Jewish sch. for JM and I in Minster Rd. (Hampstead) and moved to Willesden Lane 1958. (fn. 58) Roll
1978: 253 JM and I, 26 nursery.
Northview Primary, Northview Cres.,
Neasden. Opened 1960 as council sch. for I to
replace Dudden Hill Lane. Extended and reorg.
for JM and I 1973. Roll 1978: 215 JM and I, 38
Oldfield Primary, Oldfield Rd. Opened
1907 as council sch. for 1,200 BGI. (fn. 59) 1919 a.a.
355 B, 355 G, 335 I; 1927 a.a. 237 B, 277 G, 268 I.
Reorg. by 1932 for 346 SM, 354 JM. Reorg. by
1936 for 380 JM, 380 I. 1938 a.a. 336 JM, 290 I.
Reorg. after 1964 into JM and I. Roll 1978: 349
JM and I.
Our Lady Of Grace R.C. Primary, Dollis
Hill. Opened 1967 as vol. aided R.C. sch. for JM
and I in Dollis Hill Lane. Bldgs. extended 1972
and sch. reorg. for JM. Separate sch. for I opened
at junction of Dollis Hill Ave. and Edgware Rd.
1972. Roll 1978: 300 JM, 238 I.
Our Lady Of Lourdes R.C. Primary, Wesley
Rd., Stonebridge. Opened 1973 as vol. aided
R.C. sch. for JM and I in part of bldgs. formerly
occupied by Wesley Rd. sch. Roll 1978: 330 JM
and I, 38 nursery.
Peel Rd. R.C., Kilburn. Opened 1868 in
Hampstead part of Kilburn by church of Sacred
Heart, Quex Rd. As St. Joseph's, reopened 1872
for 150 G, 120 I in Peel Rd. 1890 a.a. 120 G, 84 I.
Closed c. 1892 when St. Mary R.C. opened. (fn. 60)
People's College, Manor Park Rd., Harlesden Green. Opened 1889 as higher grade and
elementary sch. for 200 G, 50 I by Church
Extension Assoc. in temp. iron bldg. 1890 a.a. 84
GI. Reorg. by 1894 for 341 M. Financed by parl.
grant, vol. contributions, and sch. pence (30s.).
Closed c. 1895. (fn. 61)
Percy Rd., Kilburn. Opened 1912 as council
sch. for 400 B. 1927 a.a. 372 B; 1938 a.a. 256 B.
Extended 1939. Became sec. mod. under 1944
Act. Became J high 1967 and amalg. 1972 with
Carlton Vale sec. mod. as South Kilburn high.
Percy Rd. Orphanage, Kilburn. Opened
1865 by C.E. New bldg. 1872. Financed by parl.
grant, vol. contributions, and sch. pence (2d.).
1882 a.a. 30 G, 20 I; 1894 a.a. 87 M. By 1906 an
R.C. orphanage. 1906 a.a. 40 M.
Pound Lane, Willesden Green. Opened 1903
as bd. sch. for 860 M, 418 I. 1908 a.a. 790 M, 390
I; 1938 a.a. 411 M, 164 I. Reorg. 1927 as selective
central sch. for 480. (fn. 62) Reorg. after 1944 Act as
sec. mod. Amalg. 1967 with Willesden county as
Princess Frederica C.E., College Rd., Kensal
Rise. Opened 1889 as Nat. sch. for 1,805 BGI by
Sisters of the Church. 1894 a.a. 762 BGI.
Financed by parl. grant, vol. contributions, and
sch. pence (2s.). Accn. reduced 1906 to 1,320
BGI. 1908 a.a. 388 B, 376 G, 303 I; 1938 a.a. 163
B, 164 G, 191 I. Reorg. by 1948 into JM, I.
Control passed 1965 to London Diocesan Bd. of
Educ. Extended and modernized 1975. Reorg.
1978 into JM and I. Roll 1978: 300 JM and I.
St. Andrew C.E., Willesden Green. Opened
1882 as Nat. sch. for 170 I in mission bldg. in
Chaplin Rd.; high sch. for B opened in same
bldg. 1884. Nat. sch. for BGI opened 1885 at
corner of High Rd. and St. Andrew's Rd. New B
sch. opened 1887. Dept. for 172 G added 1889.
1890 a.a. 91 B, 107 G, 170 I. Financed by parl.
grants, vol. contributions, and sch. pence (5s.
6d.). Enlarged 1892 for 270 I; 334 G, and upper
grade dept. for 188 B opened 1893. (fn. 63) 1908 a.a.
400 B, 330 G, 230 I; 1927 a.a. 223 B, 214 G, 130 I.
Additions to I sch. 1956 and 1977. Reorg. 1964 of
B, G into JM. New sch. blt. 1974 for 320 JM in
Belton Rd. Roll 1978: 160 JM, 121 I, 42 nursery.
St. George's Hall Temp., High Rd., Willesden Green. Opened 1901 as bd. sch. for B in hall
of Presbyterian church.
St. John C.E., Granville Rd., Kilburn.
Opened 1871 for G and I in bldgs. belonging to
St. John's church. Opened 1882 as Nat. sch. in
new bldg. for 314 upper M, 221 lower M, 249 I.
Enlarged 1895 for 81 more children. Financed by
parl. grant, vol. contributions, small endowment,
and sch. pence (1d.). 1908 a.a. 280 B, 206 G, 210
I; 1927 a.a. 231 B, 153 G, 198 I. Reorg. by 1932
for 160 G, 272 I. 1938 a.a. 141 G, 131 I. Reorg.
1947 into JM and I. (fn. 64) New sch. blt. 1972 for 245
JM and I. Roll 1978: 117 JM and I, 27 nursery.
St. Joseph R.C., Harlesden. Opened 1887 for
170 M in iron bldg. beside R.C. chapel in Manor
Park Rd. (fn. 65) Run by nuns of convent of Jesus and
Mary, Crown Hill Rd.; 1890 a.a. 95 M. Financed
by parl. grant and vol. contributions. Iron bldg.
condemned and sch. moved to another bldg.
1897. Dept. for 86 I opened 1908 in Park
Parade. (fn. 66) New premises opened on Park Parade
site 1934 and reorg. for 240 M and I. 1938 a.a.
262 M and I. SB transferred 1958 to Cardinal
Hinsley R.C.; SG transferred 1959 to Convent of
Jesus and Mary R.C. and sch. reorg. as JM and I.
Extended 1965. JM moved to Leopold annexe in
Goodson Rd. 1966. Roll 1978: 760 JM and I.
St. Joseph R.C., Kilburn, see Peel Rd. R.C.
St. Margaret Clitherow R.C. Primary,
Quainton St., Neasden. Opened 1973 for
I. Reorg. 1977 for JM and I. Roll 1978: 230
JM and I.
St. Mary C.E., Willesden. Opened 1809 as
Nat. Sunday sch. for 80 poor children in High
Rd., Church End, next to vicarage. Became day
sch. 1818. 1821 a.a. 65 B, 51 G. (fn. 67) New sch. built
on site 1853 for 195 BG. (fn. 68) Sch. for 119 I built
1858 on site in Pound Lane given by All Souls
College. (fn. 69) Sch. pence 1858 (2d.). 1880 a.a. 113
BG, 71 I. Extended 1876, 1886, 1892 for 380 B,
264 G, 280 I. Financed by parl. grant, vol.
contributions, small endowment, and sch. pence
(2s. 6d.). 1908 a.a. 300 B, 250 G, 190 I; 1922 a.a.
160 B, 169 G, 89 I. Reorg. 1934 for 400 JM and I.
New sch. blt. 1972 in Garnet Rd. next to church.
Nursery added 1978. Roll 1978: 240 JM and I.
St. Mary R.C., Kilburn. Opened 1892 for 125
M, 160 I in Granville Rd. Financed by parl. grant
and vol. contributions. 1908 a.a. 135 M, 140 I;
1938 a.a. 206 M, 125 I. Acquired former Gordon
Memorial sch. premises 1953 in Cambridge Rd.
Reorg. 1964 into JM at Cambridge Rd. and I in
new bldg. in Granville Rd. (fn. 70) New sch. built 1974
in Canterbury Rd. Roll 1978: 471 JM, 362 I.
St. Mary Magdalen R.C., Linacre Rd., Willesden Green. Opened 1928 for 300 M and I. (fn. 71)
1932 a.a. 162 M and I; 1938 a.a. 263 M and I.
Reorg. by 1960 for JM and I and by 1966 for JM.
Roll 1978: 360 JM.
St. Michael And All Angels C.E., Melville
Rd., Stonebridge. Opened 1883 for 77 I. Sch.
pence (2d.). 1890 a.a. 69 I. Financed by parl.
grants and vol. contributions. Closed c. 1900.
St. Paul Nat., Edgware Rd., Kilburn.
Opened 1847 as Nat. sch. for 100 B, 80 G. (fn. 72) 1866
a.a. 252 BG. Parl. grant 1866. Became part of
Holy Trinity schs. 1867.
St. Saviour, see Neasden C.E.
Salusbury Primary, Salusbury Rd., Kilburn.
Opened 1899 as temp. bd. sch. for 744 M, 420 I in
iron bldg. (fn. 73) Permanent bd. sch. opened 1902 for
860 M, 400 I. 1908 a.a. 860 M, 433 I; 1932 a.a.
597 M, 337 I. Reorg. 1936 for 400 SM, 300 JM,
460 I. 1938 a.a. 275 SM, 224 JM, 248 I. After
1944 Act SM became sec. mod. dept. which
closed 1970 when children transferred to Aylestone high. Bldgs. modernized 1971-2. Roll
1978: 230 JM, 150 I (including nursery).
Sladebrook High, Brentfield Rd., Stonebridge. Opened 1969 as SM comprehensive
formed by amalg. of Willesden Sch. of Building
(Kilburn Polytechnic), (fn. 74) Gibbons Rd. sec. mod.,
and Wesley Rd. sec. mod. Opened in new bldgs.
using Gibbons Rd. sec. mod. bldgs. as annexe.
Roll 1978: 1,107 SM.
South Kilburn High, Stafford Rd., Kilburn.
Opened 1972 as SM comprehensive, formed by
amalg. of Carlton Vale and Percy Rd. J high schs.
Opened for 1,200 in new bldgs. incorporating
Percy Rd. premises. Roll 1978: 900 SM.
Stonebridge C.E., see St. Michael and All
Stonebridge Primary, Shakespeare Ave.
Opened 1900 as bd. sch. for 460 B, 460 G, 440 I.
1908 a.a. 433 B, 398 G, 411 I; 1927 a.a. 275 B, 267
G, 279 I. Reorg. by 1932 for 350 JB, 350 JG, 350
I. 1938 a.a. 255 B, 243 G, 315 I. Reorg. 1955 for
JM, I. Bldgs. modernized and extended 1975-8.
Roll 1978: 337 JM, 205 I.
Tubbs Rd. Temp., Harlesden. Opened 1899 as
bd. sch. for 51 B in Methodist chapel bldg. Accn.
increased to 190 B by 1908. 1908 a.a. 140 B.
Closed 1908. (fn. 75)
Wesley Rd., Stonebridge. Opened 1910 as
council sch. for 520 JM, 400 I. 1922 a.a. 433 JM,
308 I. Reorg. by 1932 for 400 SB, 400 SG. 1938
a.a. 247 SB, 211 SG. After 1944 Act became sec.
mod. New bldgs. 1956. Closed 1969. Pupils
transferred to Sladebrook high and part of bldgs.
used by Our Lady of Lourdes R.C.
Willesden County, Doyle Gdns. Opened
1924 as SM county grammar sch. for 336 SM.
Extended 1932 and 1965. (fn. 76) Amalg. 1966 with sec.
mod. dept. of Leopold as Willesden county
grammar-technical sch. Merged 1967 into
Willesden High, Doyle Gdns. Opened 1967
as SM comprehensive formed by amalg. of
Willesden county with sec. mod. dept. of Pound
Lane. Housed in county sch. bldgs., which were
extended using Pound Lane sch. as annexe. Roll
1978: 1,600 SM.
Willesden Nat., see St. Mary C.E.
Willesden Green R.C., see St. Mary
Willesden Junction, see Harlesden
William Gladstone High, Park Side, Dollis
Hill. Opened 1974 as SM comprehensive. Roll
1978: 867 SM.
Wykeham Primary, Aboyne Rd., Neasden.
Opened 1930 as council sch. for 600 SM, 672 JM
and I. Reorg. by 1936 for 640 SM, 624 JM and I.
1936 a.a. 496 SM, 464 JM and I. After 1944 Act
SM became sec. mod. Bldgs. damaged in war and
rebuilt. Sec. mod. dept. closed 1973 when
Neasden high opened. Roll 1978: 452 JM and I
Barretts Green, Harlesden. Opened 1968 as
sec. sch. for maladjusted in bldgs. vacated by
Lower Place special sch. Roll 1978: 30 SM.
Furness Rd., Harlesden. Opened by 1910 for
60 physically handicapped children. (fn. 77) Closed
between 1928 and 1933.
Granville Rd., Kilburn. Opened 1899 for
mentally deficient and physically handicapped in
Presbyterian mission hall. Superseded 1912 by
Leinster Rd. (fn. 78)
Leinster Rd., Kilburn. Opened 1912 for 80
mentally deficient children. Moved by 1948 to
College Rd., Kensal Rise. (fn. 79) Closed after 1954. (fn. 80)
Leopold Rd. Opened 1902 for 40 physically
handicapped children. Closed 1928. (fn. 81)
Lower Place, Barretts Green, Harlesden.
Opened c. 1947 for 160 physically handicapped
on ground floor of Lower Place council sch.
Moved 1968 to Grove Park, Kingsbury. (fn. 82)
Manor Primary, the Avenue, Brondesbury
Park. Opened 1959 as Woodfield sch. for educationally sub-normal children in Kingsbury. (fn. 83)
Reorg. 1969 and primary sch. moved 1970 to
Brondesbury Park. Extended 1971 and 1977.
Roll 1978: 101 JM.
Oldfield Rd. Opened 1928 for mentally
deficient children. Closed by 1948. (fn. 84)
Vernon House, Willesden Lane, Brondesbury. Opened 1968 for maladjusted children.
Roll 1978: 50 JM.
In 1893 Willesden local
committee for technical education organized
classes in Willesden town hall and in 1896
Middlesex C. C. bought the St. Lawrence institute in Priory Park Road, Kilburn, and placed
it at the disposal of the local committee which
opened it as Willesden Polytechnic. (fn. 85) By 1898
there was an enrolment of 1,571, (fn. 86) and a new
building was opened in Glengall Road, Kilburn,
in 1904. A needle-trades school for girls was
established there from 1910 until it moved to an
annexe at the Hyde, Edgware Road, in 1952; it
closed in 1962. An art school had been established as part of the polytechnic by 1919 and a
school of building opened in 1925. (fn. 87) In 1934, in
anticipation of the opening of Willesden College
of Technology, Willesden Polytechnic was reorganized as Kilburn Polytechnic and the old St.
Lawrence hall was replaced by a four-storeyed
block. In 1978 there were 1,400 full-time and
4,500 part-time enrolments.
In 1934 Middlesex C. C. opened Willesden
College of Technology in Denzil Road to provide
the technical courses originally provided by the
polytechnic, including the schools of art and
building. (fn. 88) There were extensions in 1952 (fn. 89) and
1972, and in 1964 the college took over the
buildings of Dudden Hill Lane school. The art
school closed in 1959, (fn. 90) and in 1969 the school of
building amalgamated with other schools to form
Sladebrook high school. There were 8,000 enrolments in 1978.
Private schools. (fn. 91)
Mr. and Mrs. Raikes ran a
boarding school at the Grove, Neasden, for the
sons of gentlemen in the early 1780s. (fn. 92) There
were schoolmasters at Kilburn in 1822 and 1828
and at Kensal Green in 1831. (fn. 93) In 1845 there was
a preparatory school at Willesden Green, an
academy and ladies' school in Kilburn, and
a boys' boarding school, which still existed in
1855, at Cricklewood. (fn. 94) Kensal academy existed
in 1848 at the northern edge of Kensal Green. (fn. 95)
In 1851, besides the master and mistress of St.
Mary's parochial school, there were two schoolmistresses in Kensal Green, a schoolmaster and
schoolmistress in Kilburn, the boarding school
in Cricklewood, and a dame school in Willesden
Green. (fn. 96) The last was probably taught by
the 'woman in the village' who provided some
education in Willesden in 1857. (fn. 97) There was
a temporary private school for 120 children,
supported by school pence of 6d., in Kilburn
in 1867. (fn. 98) In 1870 two private schools were
attended by 37 boys and 51 girls. (fn. 99)
The number of schools began to multiply
with the spread of building in Willesden and,
especially, in Kilburn from the 1870s. There
were 14 by 1872, including Claremont House in
Cambridge Road, Kilburn, which still existed in
1890. There were 19 by 1880, 37 by 1890, and 40
by 1908. Most schools, in spite of their often
pretentious names, were short-lived, probably
small schools in private houses. Among the
longer-lived were Brondesbury College, a boys'
secondary school which opened in 1864 in Quex
Road east of Edgware Road and had moved by
1890 to Willesden Lane, just west of Edgware
Road. (fn. 1) It closed between 1919 and 1926. (fn. 2)
Willesden high school in Craven Park existed
from 1880 to 1906. Brondesbury Manor housed
a girls' boarding school from 1882 to 1934. (fn. 3)
Brondesbury and Kilburn high school for girls
functioned as a private school from its foundation
in 1892 until the county council took it over in
1938, as did Kilburn grammar school, founded
in 1898 and taken over in 1908. (fn. 4)
Eight schools (Vernon House, (fn. 5) Bestreben
high, Miss Watkins's school, Lady Margaret,
and Sunbury House, respectively at nos. 163,
197, 275, 292, and 294 Willesden Lane, Roundwood College in Harlesden Park Road, Miss
A. Edmonds's school in Dyne Rd., Kilburn, and
A. Ferreira's school in Victoria Rd. Kilburn)
flourished from c. 1902 to c. 1933. Geneva House
(also called Brondesbury high) in Shoot-up Hill,
Edgware Road, a girls' secondary school and
kindergarten, existed from 1891 to c. 1964. (fn. 6)
A private Roman Catholic preparatory school
was opened by the convent of Mary and Jesus in
Willesden Green in 1908. Initially a boarding
and day school, it had become a day school by
1950 and entered the state system in 1967. (fn. 7)
The numbers of schools began to decline after
1910. There were 29 in 1917 and 1926, including
Clark's College (c. 1917-1964) and Gladstone
House (c. 1917-c. 1934) both in Shoot-up Hill,
Cricklewood; in 1933 there were 15 and by 1950
only 9, including Blenheim House in Oxgate
Gardens (c. 1942-1964) and St. Helen's preparatory school in Blenheim Gardens (c. 1942-1964).
Hillel House, a mixed school for juniors and
infants, was opened by the Zionist Federation
educational trust in Chamberlayne Road in 1947
and had approximately 130 children on the books
in 1978. (fn. 8) Other Jewish schools were shorterlived. By 1978 there were only two private
schools in the area, Hillel House and the London
Welsh school, a mixed pre-preparatory school for
30 children which was owned by the Welsh
Presbyterian church and had moved to Willesden
Lane from Paddington in 1962. (fn. 9)