Thomas Parmiter in his will proved 1682 (fn. 79)
hoped that St. George's chapel could be obtained as a schoolhouse for the poor of Bethnal
Green. (fn. 80) It was, however, apparently used only
for the dissenting academy at Bishop's Hall (fn. 81)
and the first public school was Parmiter's, built
in St. John Street in 1722. In 1765, when
Parmiter's was educating 30 boys, a parochial
charity school was founded for 30 girls. By c.
1800 the two schools taught c. 130 children.
Sunday schools, which taught reading and sometimes writing, were associated with the spread
of Dissent from the early 19th century. Some of
the earliest, although unrecorded, may have
been opened by the Christian Community. (fn. 82)
The Sunday School Union was founded in
1803 (fn. 83) and Friar's Mount, allegedly the first
Methodist Sunday school in London, may
have opened in 1802; (fn. 84) the Sunday School
Tract Society was instituted there in 1806. (fn. 85)
William Hale in 1806 observed that several
Sunday schools had been lately established
around Spitalfields, with a pleasing effect on
morals. (fn. 86) By 1810 Bethnal Green possessed a
large Sunday school attended by several hundred
children, three Methodist Sunday schools
at their respective chapels attended by 200,
a Sunday school belonging to Protestant
dissenters attended by 40, and a charity school
for 10 children also belonging to Protestant
dissenters. (fn. 87) Other Sunday schools included the
Poor Child's, opened for c. 80–100 children by
John Mandeno in a garden shed in 1812, (fn. 88) and
one associated with Independents, opened soon
afterwards in Virginia Row. In 1814 Henry
Althans moved to Bethnal Green where he
founded the East London Auxiliary to the
Sunday School Union and became involved in
several nonconformist Sunday schools. (fn. 89)
The London Society for Promoting Christianity
among the Jews, an Anglican body, included
schools among its new institutions in Bethnal
Green in 1813, although it was not listed by the
rector in 1816. (fn. 90) He recorded two schools 'under
the Establishment', Parmiter's and the Parochial
charity school, the workhouse, where a pauper
schoolmaster taught the children to read but the
education was 'very bad', and Spitalfields British
school in Spicer Street which, although beyond
the boundary, taught some Bethnal Green
children. (fn. 91) There were no Anglican Sunday
schools but Methodist and dissenters' Sunday
schools were attended by some Anglicans. A total
of 2,535 children were receiving some education
in 1816, 130 of them at the two day schools and
the others at 11 Sunday schools, two of them
Methodist (Friar's Mount and Middlesex) and
the rest also dissenters'. Three of the schools
were connected with Congregational chapels
(Virginia Row, Bethnal Green, and Gibraltar)
and Wilmot Square and Mandeno's were precursors of the largely Congregational Abbey
Sunday school. There were two Sunday schools
in Globefields, one of them connected with the
Calvinist minister George Evans. The Revd.
William Shenton opened a nonconformist Sunday
school at no. 3 Darling Place between 1804 and
1816. The last Sunday school, for girls only, was
in Church Street. (fn. 92) By 1818 (fn. 93) there were 9
Methodist Sunday schools with 2,600 children,
two endowed (charity) schools with 120, and three
unendowed day schools with 135 (the London
Orphan asylum, the Jews' chapel, and Mr.
Kello's). (fn. 94)
The Society for the Education of the Poor of
Bethnal Green in the principles of the Established
Church was formed at a vestry chaired by the
rector in 1818. Appealing for funds, it blamed lack
of education for the 'demoralization of the lower
orders', the profanation of Sunday, and the
'tumultuous assemblies' of young people. (fn. 95) As a
result the first National school, St. Matthew's,
opened in 1819.
The British and Foreign Schools Society,
founded in 1808, opened an important school
in Spitalfields in 1812 but in 1816 it was only
half full because parents could not afford 1d.
a week and children were set to work in silk
manufacturing when very young. (fn. 96) Sunday
schools therefore had a major role but they, too,
were constantly in difficulties. Some of the early
Methodist Sunday schools could pay neither rent
nor the interest on loans and many schools closed.
The Sunday School Tract Society lapsed, to be
refounded in 1821 under the patronage of T. F.
Buxton. (fn. 97) In 1833 (fn. 98) no Sunday schools were
recorded for the Methodists; there were three
Church of England (Friar's Mount, the Episcopal
Jews' chapel, and one started in 1829), two Independent, one Calvinist, and one Protestant
dissenters'. Of the combined day and Sunday
schools, two were departments of St. Matthew's
National School and three were Lancasterian
(probably Hackney Road, Twig Folly, and Abbey).
Thirty schools were listed, (fn. 99) attended by 5,612;
two thirds of schooling took place on Sundays.
The total number of educated children was
smaller, since, for example, Twig Folly district day
pupils usually also attended on Sunday. In Twig
Folly c. 45 per cent received some education at
the British school, a small infants' school, three
or four private day schools, and five or six dame
schools. (fn. 1)
The British and Foreign Schools Society,
which had one school in Bethnal Green (Hackney
Road) from 1819, opened several during the
1830s and 1840s. In 1835 an attempt 'to preempt the dissenters' and open a second National
school, connected with St. John's church (opened
in 1828), was frustrated by the controversy
between the rector and Joseph Merceron. (fn. 2) The
situation was transformed by Bishop Blomfield's
decision to found 10 district churches, each with
its own National school. By 1843 (fn. 3) eight National
schools provided 2,463 day-school places, attended
by 1,780 children, and two Church infants'
schools provided another 138 places, attended
by 90, in addition to the 170 places, all filled,
provided by the older Anglican charity schools.
The list omitted St. Bartholomew's National,
which was being built, and the Episcopal Jews'
school, which included children from outside the
parish. Five British schools provided 1,659
places attended by 1,327 children and three
other infants' schools provided 375 places, attended
by 320. Of c. 14,000 children aged 5–14 in
Bethnal Green, 4,820 received daily instruction,
the rest presumably being taught in dame schools
of which there were 2,109 in the combined
districts of Bethnal Green and Spitalfields.
There were 23 Sunday schools teaching 5,167
children in the same area. By 1846 ten parishes
had National schools, mostly both as day and
Sunday schools and, together with infants' and
charity schools, Church schools in Bethnal
Green were attended by 4,812 pupils. (fn. 4) At the
end of the 1850s William Cotton reported a
school in every parish save one (probably St.
James the Less), where the incumbent would
not allow schools to be built lest they entail him
in expense. (fn. 5)
The pence placed National and British schools
beyond the reach of many. The incumbent of St.
Bartholomew's explained in 1853 that, besides
the National school, there was an infants' school
attended long after infancy by the children of
hawkers, labourers, and costermongers because
it charged half as much, and a free ragged school
for the children of casual labourers. (fn. 6)
As the Methodist Sunday school movement
declined, new organizations, which in part grew
out of it, sought to serve the very poor. The
London City Mission, founded in 1835, (fn. 7) opened
schools largely run by missioners and voluntary
teachers. Most of them joined the Ragged School
Union which was established in 1844. (fn. 8) They
were often part of a group including place of
worship, mission, day, Sunday, and infants'
schools, and social centre, the schools themselves
receiving grants from the British and Foreign
Schools Society, the Ragged School Union,
and the London City Mission. Abbey Street,
one of the largest British schools, also supported
Sunday schools, evening classes, a library, and a
reading room. Under the patronage of Charles
Buxton, by 1857 it had more than 12 separate
educational agencies with more than 6,000 registered pupils. (fn. 9)
In 1851 there were 3,519 Sunday attendances
at nonconformist, mainly Congregational, chapels
and Sunday schools and 3,236 at Anglican
churches. (fn. 10) Some 6,000 children were taught in
Anglican, mainly National, schools and Sunday
schools by 1858. (fn. 11)
By 1871 when the school board for London
assumed responsibility for public education, all
15 parishes had National Schools with a total
day roll of 5,655 and average attendance of 4,383.
There were seven British schools with a total day
roll of 8,522 and average attendance of 6,668,
the figures distorted by those for the Good
Shepherd schools (6,442 and 4,961). One British
school, Satchwell Street, was classified as
private. (fn. 12) Five ragged schools had a total of 1,250
on the roll and an attendance of 922; a sixth,
Cranbrook Street, was classified as private.
Approach Road Wesleyan school and the private
Christian Orphanage, Methodist Children's
Home, and St. Matthias's nursery schools, with
a combined roll of 285 and average attendance
of 237, also had denominational links. There was
one Roman Catholic public school (Parliament
Street), opened in 1869, which had an average
attendance of 263. The private St. Matthew's
German and English school, with an average
attendance of 39, had no apparent religious
connexion. Surprisingly, in view of the area's
strong radical atheist tradition, only Birkbeck
school was avowedly non-Christian. A total of
16,644 children were enrolled and an average of
12,955 attended 36 schools. (fn. 13)
The board was leased two British schools, one
ragged school, and one National school while
erecting its own buildings. By 1887 there were
14 board schools, mostly standing out above the
terraces, with accommodation for 16,537 children.
Eight National schools accommodated 4,054 and
three other schools, Approach Road Wesleyan,
Bonner Road Children's Home, and Parliament
Street Roman Catholic, accommodated 1,002. (fn. 14)
The L.C.C.'s education committee in 1904 took
over 20 board schools, accommodating 25,083. (fn. 15)
It maintained the National schools, the Wesleyan
school, and the Roman Catholic school but
the Children's Home refused its help and closed
in 1913. As the population began to fall schools
were reorganized and accommodation was
reduced, although new schools were still built.
By 1919 (fn. 16) the L.C.C. had 24 schools, including
one former National and the Wesleyan school
which it had taken over, and accommodation
for 24,949; six Church of England schools
could accommodate 2,796 and one Roman
Catholic school 189. By 1932 (fn. 17) there were 22
council schools accommodating 19,033, six Church
of England schools accommodating 2,585, and
two Roman Catholic schools accommodating
The only secondary school in 1904 was
Parmiter's. (fn. 18) A central school, Morpeth Street,
opened in 1910 and a second, Mansford Street,
was created out of its senior department in 1911.
Between 1927 and 1932 most council schools
were reorganized into junior, senior, and infants'
The closure of several older schools gave rise
in 1933 to a Board of Education Scheme (fn. 19)
grouping the educational portions of Greenwood's, Inman's, Robertson's, Jane Thomas's,
and the Bread charities with the endowments
of the Parochical school. Thirteen trustees, the
rector and representatives of the L.C.C. and
M. B., were to apply the income, then £350
a year, for the benefit of the remaining Church
schools. The combinaton, entitled Bethnal
Green Educational charities under a Charity
Commission Scheme of 1978, (fn. 20) had an income
of £3,659 in 1993. (fn. 21)
Despite heavy bomb damage and the evacuation
of children, 22 schools accommodating c. 9,000
were open in 1944. (fn. 22) The London school plan of
1947 allowed for 18 council primary schools
and six voluntary primary schools in Bethnal
Green, which by 1951 had 15 council primary
and four voluntary primary schools. The most
radical proposals were for reorganizing secondary
education on comprehensive lines. Nine schools,
including two outside the borough, were to be
combined in three newly built schools. New
buildings were also planned for the voluntary
Parmiter's and St. Jude's schools. In the event
one school amalgamated with another outside the borough to create Bowbrook in 1956,
although using the existing buildings, and two
more amalgamated in 1959 to create Daneford
comprehensive, which acquired new buildings
in 1965. Bowbrook closed in 1975 and St. Jude's
secondary school in 1977. Parmiter's moved out
of the control of the I.L.E.A., the L.C.C.'s
successor, in 1981. By 1988 four secondary and
fifteen primary schools survived to serve the
Under the Local Government Act, 1963,
Bethnal Green became part of Division 5 of the
I.L.E.A. (fn. 23) On the abolition of the I.L.E.A. in 1990
responsibility for education passed to Tower
Public schools. (fn. 24)
Except where otherwise stated,
basic historical information and figures of
accommodation and average attendance have
been taken from: files on Church of England
schools at the National Society; National Society,
Inquiry, 1846–7, Mdx. 2–3; National Society,
Annual Reps. (1820–44); British and Foreign
Schools Society, Reps. (1812–82); Ragged
School Union, Annual Reps. (1847–56); Ragged
School Union Magazine (1849–70); P.R.O., ED
3/11; ED 7/74, 80; ED 14/8; Educ. Enq. Abstract,
H.C. 62, pp. 85–86 (1835), xlii; Mins. of Educ.
Cttee. of Council, 1846 , H.C. (1847), xlv;
1849 , H.C. (1850), xliii; 1851–2 ,
H.C. (1852), xl; 1856–7 , H.C. (1857 Sess.
2), xxxiii; Rep. of Educ. Cttee. of Council, 1865–6
, H.C. (1866), xxvii; 1870 [C. 406], H.C.
(1871), xxii; 1887 [C. 547–1], H.C. (1888),
xxxviii; 1893–4 [C. 7437–1], H.C. (1894), xxix;
Schs. transferred to Sch. Bds. H.C. 253 (1875),
lviii; Schs. receiving Bldg. Grants [Cd. 1336],
H.C. (1902), lxxviii; Return of Non-Provided
Schs. H.C. 178-XXXIII (1906), lxxxviii; Bd. of
Educ., List 21, 1908–38 (H.M.S.O.); L.C.C.
Educ. Svce. Particulars (1909–10 and later
edns.); L.C.C. (I.L.E.A. from 1965), Educ. Svce.
Inf. (1937 and later edns.). Building alterations
from Dist. Surveyors' Returns (G.L.R.O, MBW
The following abbreviations are used: a.a.,
average attendance; accn., accommodation;
amalg., amalgamation; B, boy, boys; Bapt.,
Baptist; bd., board; Brit., British; C.E., Church
of England; Cong., Congregational; demol.,
demolished; dept., department; evg., evening;
G, girl, girls; I, infant, infants; Ind., Independent;
J, JB, JG, JM, junior, junior boys, girls, mixed;
M, mixed; Meth., Methodist; mod., modern;
Nat., National; parl., parliamentary; perm.,
permanent; R.C., Roman Catholic; reorg.,
reorganized; roll, numbers on roll; S, SB, SG,
SM, senior, senior boys, girls, mixed; S.B.L.,
School Board for London; sch., school; sec.,
secondary; Sun., Sunday; temp., temporarily,
temporary; V., vicar; vol., voluntary; Wes.,
Wesleyan. The word 'school' is to be understood
after each named entry. Separate departments
are indicated by commas: B, G, I; JM, I.
Abbey, (fn. 25) Abbey Pl., Wilmot Sq., or Essex St.
Sun. sch. built 1828 by Robt. Gammon of no. 7
Wilmot Sq. at end of gdn., bounded N. by
Abbey Pl. and E. by narrow street called successively Mary's Row, John's Pl., Essex St., and
Blythe St. Named after the ho., once known as
the Abbey. (fn. 26) Connected with Brit. and Foreign
Schs. Soc. by 1833, when supported by sch.
pence and roll 120 B, but described as Nat.
1837. (fn. 27) Enlarged for 300 c. 1841 when leased to
Gammon and other trustees for children of
labouring classes, for sch. teacher, Sun. sch., or other
charitable purposes connected with C.E. but
links also with Inds. and Lond. City Mission.
Absorbed Poor Child's Sun. sch. and used small
adjoining ho. as I sch., where roll 1843 220 I. (fn. 28)
Additions for older children c. 1856. Free evg.
sch. for G under Gammon's successor. Renamed
Essex St. 1867, Blythe St. 1871. One room used
for Sun. and day sch., roll 1871: 51 B, 55 G; a.a.
41 B, 33 G, but mostly I; financed by sch. pence,
instruction basic, 'books wretched'. Connexion
with Lond. City Mission severed 1871 and
replaced by supervision of Cong. ch. at Stamford
Hill. Union with Satchwell St. Sun. sch. 1873
and Sun. classes later divided between Blythe
St., Satchwell St., and Zion chapel. Lease expired
1878, when day sch. moved to Wolverley St.
(q.v.). Sun. sch. used new bldg. in Mansford St.
1880–8, then moved to Abbey St. Sun. sch.
Abbey Street. (fn. 29)
Spitalfields and Bethnal
Green Brit. Soc. built sch. on site between Abbey
and Ramsey streets purchased 1838 and conveyed to trustees 1842. (fn. 30) Day sch. opened 1839
and Sun. sch. (successor of that associated with
Virginia Ind. chapel) opened 1840. Rapid turnover of children although schs. 'well conducted'.
Improvements 1843, 1851, 1857. (fn. 31) Day sch. a.a.
1840: 430 B, 160 G. a.a. 1857: 400 B, 205 G, 201
I. Model Sun. sch. visited by French statesman
François Guizot, a.a. 1857: 600 and 32 teachers. (fn. 32)
a.a. 1867: 721 and 50 teachers. Day sch. accn.
for 373 B, 216 G, 206 I in 1871, when financed
by parl. grant, sch. pence, and subscriptions. (fn. 33)
Additions 1872. Accn. 1879: 979 B,G,I. a.a.
1882: 217 B, 205 G, 136 I. Day sch. transferred
to S.B.L. 1883 and replaced Hague (q.v.).
1884. (fn. 34) Part of Sun. sch. united with Hope St.
(Spitalfields) ragged sch. 1884, rest under cttee.
becoming sole tenants of premises. Evg. Sun. sch.
a.a. 1888: 375, with 22 teachers. By Char. Com.
Order 1892 constituted a charity to advance educ.
in Bethnal Green and Spitalfields by payments
and exhibitions. (fn. 35) Site sold to S.B.L. 1894 (fn. 36)
and proceeds invested. As Abbey St. Educ.
Foundation, governed by Scheme 1913, made
grants in 1993. (fn. 37)
Adelphi Chapel Brit., Gloucester St., Hackney
Rd. Revd. W. Woodhouse persuaded by Althans
to settle in Bethnal Green after visit to Abbey
St. Sunday sch. (fn. 38) Missionary sch. with 30 pupils
supplied with schoolroom, teachers, and funds
from Woodhouse's new Adelphi chapel by
1849. (fn. 39) Three-storeyed sch. built 1853 as day
and Sun. sch. although also used by chapel. (fn. 40)
Financed by parl. grant and sch. pence, a.a.
1855: 204 B, 160 G. Enlarged 1868. (fn. 41) Roll 1871:
289 B, 283 G. Subsequently Sun. sch. only. (fn. 42)
Albion, No. 7 George St., Old Bethnal Green
Rd. Day and Sun. sch. opened by Lond. City
Mission 1863, a.a. 30 weekday: 45 Sun. (fn. 43) Free
night sch. in room also used for Sun. sch. and
worship 1871, when roll 18 B, 17 G.
Anchor Ragged, No. 22 Sclater St. Opened
1849 by Lond. City Mission in large ho. in
Anchor (later Sclater) St. rented at nominal sum
from Eastern Counties Rly. (fn. 44) Accn. 1850: 180;
roll: 60 Sun. a.m. and p.m., 112 Sun. evg., 65 B, 60
G, 7 adults weekday evg., with 10 vol. teachers
and 1 paid teacher. Roll 1856: 86 B, 91 G, 43 I.
Scheme to extend premises 1858 apparently
unsuccessful and Sun. evg. sch. closed 1866.
Room for I beneath room for 'juvenals', itself
beneath room for svces., the whole dilapidated
1871. Most children aged under 9 and many left
to enter match trade; roll 1871: 69 B, 41 G day,
36 B, 21 G, evg. Probably soon closed.
Ann's Place Brit. Opened by 1839 in room
and probably built as day and Sun. sch. for I by
Bapts. E. of Pritchard's Rd. (fn. 45) Improvements
1845. Financed by parl. grants and sch. pence
1871, when accn. 181 I, roll 85 I. 'Inefficient in
instruction' when S.B.L. leased it and replaced
day sch. by Pritchard's Road (q.v.). Continued
as Sun. sch. (fn. 46) under Char. Com. Scheme 1909. (fn. 47)
Approach Road Temporary, Victoria Pk.
Opened 1859 as Approach Rd. Wes. in bldg.
attached to chapel at corner of Approach and
Bonner rds. Accn. 1871: 333 B & G on first floor,
191 I on ground floor; roll 139 B, 45 G, 104 I.
Financed by parl. grant, collections, subscriptions, and sch. pence. Accn. reduced 1907 and
1908 to 156 M, 100 I. a.a. 1906–7: 170 M, 75 I.
Transferred to S.B.L. 1913 and closed 1927.
Approach Road Wes., see Approach Road
Bacon Street Ragged, see St. Philip's ragged.
Barnet Street Bd., see Columbia primary.
Bethnal Green Chapel Brit. Kello, minister
of Cong. chapel at corner of Cambridge Rd.
and Bath St., had sch. for 12 G 1818. (fn. 48) Roll
1833: 30 G, of whom 12 clothed and educ. by
subscription, rest paid sch. pence. Sch. behind
chapel built or rebuilt c. 1835 when grant made
towards new sch. for 250; (fn. 49) a.a. 1840: 84 G; 1846:
132 G. Closed and conveyed to Birkbeck schs.
1849, when new Cong. chap. opened at junction
of Bethnal Green Rd. and Pott St. with sch. for
400 I underneath; (fn. 50) a.a. 1857: 220 I; 1861: 175
I. Connexion with Brit. and Foreign Schs. Soc.
apparently severed 1862. Managed by cttee.
associated with chapel and financed by sch.
pence until 1870, when run as private sch. by
mistress. Sch. 'wretched' 1871, when a.a. 89 I.
S.B.L. agreed to hire premises 1872 but never
opened. (fn. 51)
Bethnal Green Gospel Mission Ragged, 42–
43 Old Castle St. (later Virginia Rd.). Wm.
Jarvis, evangelist, opened mission 1867 in large
workshop at no. 43, inc. night sch. for adults,
soon also attended by children and followed by
free day sch. Also Sunday sch. with 100—150
children by 1869, when adjoining house leased
and new room behind with accn. for 500 opened.
Roll 1871: 260 B day, 40 B evg. Day sch.,
overcrowded and 'inefficient in instruction'
closed 1871 (fn. 52) but used as temp. sch. by S.B.L.
1872–3. (fn. 53)
Received grant from Ragged
Sch. Union 1849.
Birkbeck, Cambridge Rd. Opened 1849 in
vacated Bethnal Green Chapel Brit. sch. and
Cong. chapel at corner of Cambridge Rd. and
Bath (later Birkbeck) St. (fn. 54) One of four schs.
named after Geo. Birkbeck founded by City
philanthropist Wm. Ellis for children of 'small
tradesmen and others of moderate means', and
particularly to improve character of educ. available. (fn. 55) Wide curriculum inc. natural sciences,
algebra, mechanics, French, and book keeping;
said by Anglican source 1853 to provide 'first
rate intellectual education but where Bible is
absolutely excluded'. (fn. 56) Site and bldgs. secured
to trustees 1865. (fn. 57) Accn. 1871: 212 B, 85 G; a.a.
181 B, 82 G. Bldgs. then large and well fitted
and instruction 'above average', although B
discipline 'indifferent'. Sch. pence, already 6d.–
9d, increased when schs. raised to higher grade
and after foundations by S.B.L. Schs. became
too expensive and closed 1884. Premises sold
under Char. Com. Order and sum invested for
other Birkbeck schs. (fn. 58)
Blythe Street., see Abbey.
Bonner Lane bd., see Twig Folly Brit.
Built as Bonner Street bd.
on site of former Twig Folly Brit. G. sch. 1875
in Queen Anne style by Edw. Robt. Robson and
John Jas. Stevenson. (fn. 59) Opened 1876 for 261 B,
261 G, 292 I on three floors. (fn. 60) Additions 1881.
a.a. 1887: 728 B, G, I; 1906–7: 241 B, 237 G,
269 I. Alterations 1895, 1902, 1903. Remodelled
1914–15 for 240 B, 240 G, 279 I. (fn. 61) Reorg. 1930
for 479 JG, 270 I. (fn. 62) a.a. 1932: 378 JG, 217 I.
After return from evacuation, roll 1944: 336 M
& I. Reorg. for JM & I 1945 and renamed
Bonner primary 1949. (fn. 63) Roll 1988: 371 JM & I. (fn. 64)
Bonner Road Children's Home, Victoria Pk.
Moved from Lambeth, where founded by Thos.
Bowman Stephenson, 1871, (fn. 65) when bldgs. rented
by Wes. for orphanage and sch. Accn. 1871: 154
B & G; a.a. 33 B, 2 G. Sch. then 'inefficient in
instruction' but improved by 1872 when larger
premises built in Bonner Rd. behind private
hos. New schoolrooms completed 1877, when
application made to become pub. elementary
sch. Parl. grant 1887. Accn. 1887: 239; a.a. 150.
Alterations 1896 and enlargement 1902. Decided
against transfer to L.C.C. 1905. (fn. 66) Accn. 1908:
319 M; a.a. 175 M. Closed 1913.
Bonner Street Bd., see Bonner primary.
Bowbrook Sec. Formed 1956 by amalg. of
Cranbrook sec. with Bow sch., Wright's Rd.
(Bow) as G. sch. providing general and commercial subjects and dressmaking. Upper sch. in
Cranbrook bldgs. and lower in Wright's Rd. (fn. 67)
Cranbrook bldgs. remodelled as annexe for art,
needlework, and commercial subjects by 1971. (fn. 68)
Closed 1975 and pupils moved to Central
Foundation G sch. (Bow). (fn. 69)
Butler Street Brit. Opened 1840 for 160 G
in hired rooms in Butler St., presumably off
Green St. Probably replaced by Twig Folly
Cambridge Heath, see Mowlem primary
Castle Street Brit., see Gascoigne Place
Castle Street Ragged. Lond. City Mission
opened first Sun. then weekday ragged sch.
in room at no. 1 Castle St. 1856. Roll 1857:
weekday 60, Sun. 30 a.m., 70 p.m. with 6 vol.
teachers and one paid teacher. a.a. by 1862: 80,
Sun. 140, evg. (2 nights a week) 40. Assistance
from Ragged Church and Chapel Union,
Ragged Sch. Union, and Sun. Sch. Union. (fn. 70)
Apparently closed between 1868 (fn. 71) and 1871. (fn. 72)
Children's Home, see Bonner Road Children's
Chisenhale Primary, Victoria Pk. Opened by
S.B.L. 1893 between Chisenhale, Vivian, and
Auckland (later Zealand) rds. for 240 B, 240 G,
320 I. (fn. 73) Additions 1902 for 344 B, 288 G, 296 I.
a.a. 1908: 273 B, 260 G, 352 I. Reorg. 1931 for
240 JB, 200 JG, 239 I. a.a. 1932: 239 JB, 203
JG, 205 I. Roll 1944: 240 M & I. (fn. 74) By 1951 JM
& I, inc. nursery class. (fn. 75) Roll 1988: 267 JM &
I. (fn. 76)
Christian Orphanage, Grove Rd., Victoria
Pk. Founded by 1867 by Revd. Hen. Lance for
children of cholera victims. Roll 1868: 20. (fn. 77) 23
G boarded, clothed, and taught free 1871, when
supported by vol. contributions, but hired bldg.
insufficient and closure expected.
Church Row Nat., see St. Matthew's Nat.
Claremont Street bd., see Teesdale primary.
Club Row, see Holy Trinity Nat.
Collingwood Street Ragged. Opened as
Sun. sch. before 1832, (fn. 78) possibly when bldg.
associated with Wes. erected 1821. (fn. 79) Ragged sch.
in bldg. behind Shoreditch ch. belonging to Wes.
Sun. Sch. cttee. by 1854, when roll 40 B, 40 G,
weekday evg., 150 Sun. evg. with 11 vol. teachers.
Roll 1871: 84 B, 116 G weekday, 59 B evg.
Inspector found 54 small children crowded into
two rooms and completely ignorant, teacher
inefficient, and strong smell from factory.
Subsequently run as ragged sch. by V. of St.
Philip's. (fn. 80)
Columbia Market Mission, No. 15 Virginia
Row. C.E. Sun. and evg. sch. for 'rough boys'
aged 7–19 in home for 24 messengers and shoeblacks financed by Baroness Burdett-Coutts.
Accn. 1871: 49, roll 150, a.a. 40–50.
Columbia Market Nursery, Columbia Rd.
Site acquired by S.B.L. 1915 (fn. 81) and sch. for 150
opened 1930. After evacuation during war, reopened for children aged 2–5. (fn. 82) Roll 1975: 81. (fn. 83)
Housed in new wooden hut by 1988. (fn. 84)
Columbia Primary, Columbia Rd. Opened
1875 as Barnet St. bd. between Barnet St. (later
Columbia Rd.), Ravenscroft St., and James (later
Ezra) St. (fn. 85) for 245 B, 237 G, 266 I. Enlarged
1879, 1881, and 1893. Renamed Columbia Rd.
1888. (fn. 86) Accn. 1908: 458 B, 458 G, 463 I; a.a. 415
B, 405 G, 437 I. Reorg. 1931 for 355 JB, 453
JG, 390 I, a.a. 339 JB, 337 JG, 338 I. Roll 1944:
600 M & I. Reorg. by 1951 as Columbia primary
for JM, I. Roll 1988: 338. (fn. 87)
Cooper's Gardens Temp. Bd. Opened 1879 for
174 G & I in leased bldg. attached to cottages
belonging to Baroness Burdett-Coutts. (fn. 88) I dept.
closed 1883 and rest of sch. 1887, when a.a. 123
M. Children moved to New Castle St. bd. (fn. 89)
Cranbrook. Opened 1881 as Cranbrook Rd.
bd. in bldg. by E. R. Robson for 480 B, 480 G,
638 I on 3 floors near canal in Twig Folly dist.
a.a. 1887: 1,321 B, G, I. (fn. 90) Remodelled 1899.
Accn. 1908: 261 B, 261 G, 314 I; a.a. 241 B, 237
G, 269 I. Reorg. 1930 for 388 SB, 389 SG, 373
I. a.a. 1932: 204 SB, 151 SG, 268 I. Renamed
Cranbrook Terrace 1938. (fn. 91) Roll 1944: 572 M &
I. (fn. 92) After war reorg. into Cranbrook primary
with JM & I depts. and Cranbrook sec. for SB
until 1951 and for SG until 1956. Primary sch.
closed and sec. amalg. with Bow sch. to form
Bowbrook sec. (q.v.) 1956. (fn. 93)
Cranbrook Sec., see Cranbrook.
Cranbrook Street Ragged. Opened by 1870
on rented first floor of no. 39 also used for
worship and evg. sch. Managed by C.E. cttee.
but sch. undenominational. Free sch., roll 1871:
74 B, 39 G; a.a. 70 B, 35 G. Praised for work
but premises unsuitable and probably soon
Cranbrook Terrace, see Cranbrook.
Cudworth Ragged. Opened 1859 by managers of North St. ragged schs. (q.v.) at junction
of Cudworth St. with Burton (Collingwood)
St. (fn. 94) in leased room over warehouse as day, Sun.,
and evg. sch. for 262 'children of the lowest
class'. Teacher worked as shoemaker in evgs.;
financed by vol. contributions and grants by
Ragged Sch. Union and, from 1863, by Brit. and
Foreign Schs. Soc. Day roll 1871: 105 B, 79 G;
a.a. 88 B, 66 G. Closed after 1872.
Cumberland Place Ragged, see North St.
Daneford, Gosset St. Comprehensive M sch.
formed 1959 by amalg. of Daniel sec. with
Mansford. sec. Initially lower sch. in Daniel
bldgs. and upper in Mansford. Daniel bd. sch.
adapted and 3 blocks built 1961–5 to designs
of Armstrong & MacManus. Opened 1965 as
comprehensive sec. for 975 B. (fn. 95) Roll 1988: 554
B. (fn. 96)
Daniel Sec. Opened by S.B.L. 1900 in new
bldgs. between Daniel, Gosset, and Orange
(later Satchwell) streets. Accn. 1908: 353 B, 353
G, 378 I; a.a. 314 B, 315 G, 375 I. Reorg. 1931
for 422 SB, 422 SG, 438 I. a.a. 1932: 362 SB,
354 SG, 385 I. Roll 1944: 610 M & I. (fn. 97) After
war reorg. as sec. sch. for SB, SG, from 1955
for SM. (fn. 98) Amalg. with Mansford sec. to form
Domestic Mission Brit., Spicer St. Chapel
and sch. on N. side of street within Bethnal Green
opened by Lond. Domestic Missionary Soc.
1837 and conveyed to trustees 1839. (fn. 99) Connected
with Unitarians but undenominational. Roll
1843: 150. (fn. 1) Sun. sch. a.a. 1851: 775. (fn. 2) Brit. sch. by
1856. (fn. 3) Financed by parl. grant and sch. pence,
described by V. of St. Matthias 1858 as large I
sch. belonging to Unitarians. (fn. 4) Day sch. a.a. 1858:
60 G, 60 I. a.a. 1871: 123 B, 67 G, 108 I. (fn. 5) Accn.
1879: 372 B, G, I. Closed for B 1883, for G, I
1884. (fn. 6)
Ebenezer. I day sch., roll 1843: 105; a.a. 100. (fn. 7)
Episcopal Jews', Palestine Pl. Duke of Kent
laid foundation stone for schs. and chapel for
Lond. Soc. for Promoting Christianity among
Jews 1813. (fn. 8) B sch., with salaried master and
mistress, to N. of chapel and G sch., with salaried
matron and mistress, to S. Children boarded,
clothed, and financed by vol. contributions. B
apprenticed at age of 14, G put out for svce. at
16. Roll 1819: 71 B & G. (fn. 9) Roll 1835: 35 B, 45
G. C.E. Sun. sch. started 1818 in bldg. to N. in
Gloucester (later Parmiter) St., leased 1829 as I
and adult sch. (fn. 10) Roll 1835: 220 B, 244 G. Roll
1846: week day 50 B, 50 G, 96 I, Sun. 45 B, 84
G. Alterations to G sch. 1878, to Gloucester St.
sch. 1884. Accn. 1892: 100 B, G; a.a. 42 B, 25
G. Closed 1895. (fn. 11)
Essex Street, see Abbey.
Friar's Mount. (fn. 12) First Meth. Sun. sch. in
Lond. opened 1802 in purpose-built, rented
bldg. (fn. 13) Roll 1810: 294 B, 318 G, but 'great want
of discipline'. Roll 1820: 388 B, 403 G. Closed
1820 by Meth. Sun. Sch. Soc. in protest at high
rent and temp. transferred to ho. adjoining
chapel in Church St., Spitalfields. Reopened
1821 by local Sun. sch. cttee., which tried to
buy premises 1824, but probably closed as
Meth. Sun. sch. 1829. Bldg. also housed sch. of
industry run by cttee. of ladies and appointed
mistress 1811–17. Also housed B day sch. from
1817, initially probably connected to Brit. and
Foreign Schs. Soc. Roll 1835: 70 B, financed by
subscriptions and school pence with salaried
master. C.E. Sun. sch. had 324 B, 339 G, with
35 vol. teachers. Bldg. to be used for Anglican
worship 1840 until new chs. built. (fn. 14) B day sch.
apparently survived 1849. (fn. 15)
Friar's Mount Mission, No. 11 Little Bacon
St., Brick Lane. Free evg. sch. with accn. for 49
G aged over 12 in room also used for C.E.
mission svces. leased to Revd. W. Pennefather
1870. (fn. 16) Roll 1871: 30 G; a.a. 20.
Gascoigne Place Brit., Castle St. Built 1841
with parl. grant for 200 B, 200 G. Grants 1842,
1850, 1854, 1861, mostly for improvements, inc.
new bldg. 1850. (fn. 17) Probably owned by Baroness
Burdett-Coutts and also used for worship by
Inds. 1854. (fn. 18) Financed by sch. pence. a.a. 1849:
170 B, 96 G. a.a. 1857: 167 B, 246 G. Bldg.
demol. for Columbia Market developments 1872
and sch. moved to new bldg. in Church St., Mile
End New Town. (fn. 19)
Globe Primary, Welwyn St. Built as Globe
Terrace bd. 1874 for 342 B, 343 G, 415 I on 3 floors
between Globe St. (Rd.), Gauber St., and Park
(later Welwyn) St. Enlarged 1885 for additional
120 B, 120 G, 160 I. (fn. 20) a.a. 1887: 1,281 B, G, I.
Remodelled 1900 and 1904 and renamed Globe
Rd. 1911. Reorg. 1930 for 666 JB, 402 I. a.a.
1932: 437 JB, 294 I. Bombed in Second World
War. Roll 1944: 480 M & I. (fn. 21) Reopened as Globe
primary for JM & I, although briefly, c. 1951,
called Pilgrim. (fn. 22) Roll 1988: 294 JM & I. (fn. 23)
Good Shepherd Brit. Opened 1866 for 120
M in Mape St. Ejected by Gt. Eastern Rly. and
temp. used two cottages in Wilmot St. 1871,
when roll 126 I, a.a. 117 I. Financed by sch.
pence. New sch. for 400 I built with parl. grant
at corner of Wilmot St. and Three Colts Lane
1871. S.B.L. hired premises until completion of
its Wilmot sch. (q.v.) 1873. (fn. 24) Amalg. with Abbey
St. 1894 as Good Shepherd and Abbey St. Sun.
and ragged schs. which still flourished 1898. (fn. 25)
Gospel Mission Ragged, see Bethnal Green
Gospel Mission ragged.
Greencoat, see Parochial Charity.
Grey Coat, see Parmiter's.
Hackney Road Brit. (fn. 26) Sun. sch. in Middlesex
chapel adopted by Meth. Sun. Sch. Soc. 1812.
Roll 1816: 110 B, 90 G. (fn. 27) Separate bldg. erected
behind chapel 1817. Roll 1823: 119 B, 107 G.
Brit. day sch. for G under auspices of N.E.
Lond. Auxiliary opened in leased premises and
partly financed by sch. pence. Roll 1820: 146 G.
Chapel with Brit. sch. in rear conveyed 1827 to
trustees, who purchased freehold 1840. (fn. 28) After
1824 day sch. became B sch. a.a. 1833: 240 B. a.a.
1840: 312 B. New day sch. built in Weymouth
Terr. (Shoreditch) when chapel rebuilt 1841.
Sun. sch. continued at chapel, a.a. 1851: 156
a.m., 50 p.m. (fn. 29)
Hackney Road (Providence Chapel). Sun.
sch. formed part of Bapt. chapel built 1835 near
Austin St. New schoolroom built 1844. (fn. 30) Roll
1851: 72 a.m. (fn. 31) Day sch. opened by 1860. Roll
1871: 119 B, taught wide range of subjects inc.
book keeping. Sch., clean and with 'good tone',
financed by sch. pence. Presumably Sun. sch.
only by 1891, when large schoolroom and 10
classrooms for 1,500 belonged to Shoreditch
Tabernacle as Providence chapel's successor. (fn. 32)
Hague primary. Opened 1883 as Hague St.
bd. between Hague, Cross (later Kelsey), and
Mapes streets for 360 B, 360 G, 469 I. (fn. 33) Free
from 1891. Roll 1884: 949 B, G, I. (fn. 34) a.a. 1887:
876 B, G, I. a.a. 1908: 348 B, 308 G, 402 I.
Reorg. 1930 for 440 SB, 330 I. a.a. 1932: 435 SB,
330 I. Roll 1944: 405 M & I. (fn. 35) After war reorg.
as primary sch. for JM & I. Moved to former
Wilmot sec. site probably c. 1965. Roll 1996:
226. (fn. 36) Hague bd. bldg. later housed Weavers'
Field special sch. (q.v.).
Hare Street. Built c. 1821 at corner of Hare
and Hereford streets by Spitalfields Sun. Sch.
Subscription Soc. to educate children of labouring poor of Bethnal Green and Spitalfields in
C.E., although associated during 1820s with Wes.
Tract Soc. No formal link with Ragged Sch.
Union, but trustees inc. Sam. Hoare, Buxton fam.,
and other supporters. (fn. 37) Possibly same as Hare St.
day and I sch. for 80 children, supported by sch.
pence and subscriptions and connected with
Calvinists 1835. Housed Calvinist adult sch.
1838. (fn. 38) By 1851 schoolho. uninhabited but I
schoolmistress, resident at no. 17 Hereford St.,
may have had some connexion with sch. (fn. 39)
Holy Trinity Nat., Club Row. Opened 1864
for I in ground floor room at junction with
Anchor St. a.a. 1865: 42 I. Enlarged for 159 I by
1871 when day and Sun. schs. financed by parl.
grant and sch. pence, evg. sch. free. Roll 1871:
123 I day, 61 I evg.; a.a. 82 I day, 37 I evg. (fn. 40)
Taught natural hist., drawing, needlework, and
drill besides basic subjects. Closed 1878 during
road alterations. (fn. 41)
John Bartlett Primary, see Olga primary.
Lance's Christian Home For Orphan And
Neglected Girls, see Christian Orphanage.
Lawdale Primary, Mansford St. Formed
1975 by amalg. of Lawrence primary with Teesdale primary JM in former Lawrence bldgs., I
in new bldg. in Old Bethnal Green Rd. (fn. 42) Roll
1988: 253 JM, 256 I. (fn. 43)
Lawrence Primary, Mansford St. Opened
1883 as Mansford St. bd. for 420 B, 420 G, 560
I between Mansford St. on E. and Old Bethnal
Green Rd. on N. (fn. 44) a.a. 1887: 1,076. Renamed
Lawrence by 1905. (fn. 45) a.a. 1908: 338 B, 329 G,
391 I. Reorg. 1931 for 280 JB, 280 JG, 288 I.
a.a. 1932: 227 JB, 221 JG, 239 I. Accn. 1940:
572 JB, 322 I. Roll 1944: 506 M & I. (fn. 46) After war
reorg. for JB, I, with nursery class by 1964.
Amalg. with Teesdale primary 1975 to form
Lawdale primary (above).
London Orphan Asylum, Hackney Rd. Sch.
existed by 1819, when roll 52 B & G, (fn. 47) although
said in 1835 to have been established 1827 for I.
a.a. 1835: 67 I. Supported by subscriptions and
donations. Bldg., on S. side of rd. near James Pl.,
apparently housed Maritime Penitent Female
Refuge by 1836. (fn. 48)
London Street (Mission). Existed by 1854 as
North St. Rly. Arches ragged sch., with 3 paid
and 24 vol. teachers for 35 B, 130 I in day sch.,
95 B, 80 G on weekday evgs., and 189 on Sun.
Named New North St. 1856 when 'for a number
of years these schs. successful'. As London St.
(Mission) (fn. 49) served as temp. S.B.L. sch. 1876–80
with accn. for 227 B, 184 G in 2 schoolrooms
and 2 classrooms in leased bldg. Partly financed
by sch. pence. (fn. 50) Replaced by Somerford St. bd. (fn. 51)
Mansford Sec. Opened 1896 as SM section of
Mansford St. bd. between Mansford St. on W.
and Old Bethnal Green Rd. on S. for 210 SB,
210 SG. (fn. 52) a.a. 1908: 319 SM. Reorg. as higher
elem. sch. 1906 and as central sch. 1911. (fn. 53) a.a.
1932: 353 SM. After war reorg. as Mansford
Sec. Commercial and Technical sch. for SB until
amalg. with Daniel sec. to form Daneford (q.v.)
Mansford Street Bd., see Lawrence primary.
Mansford Street Central, see Mansford
Mansford Street Sun., see Abbey.
Middlesex Chapel Sun., see Hackney Road
Morpeth Sec. Opened 1910 as Morpeth St.
Central by S.B.L. for 320 M between rly.,
Morpeth St., and Portman Pl. (fn. 54) a.a. 1912: 287
M. a.a. 1932: 280 SM. Roll 1944: 231 M. (fn. 55) After
war provided general, technical, and commercial
courses for SM on larger site inc. bldgs. of
former Portman Pl. sch. (q.v.). Acquired former
John Scurr sch., Wessex St. (Mile End), as
annexe by 1964. Roll 1970: 750 SM. (fn. 56) Block
containing workshops, gymnasium, libr., and
hall added to existing 3 bldgs. 1974. (fn. 57) Roll 1988:
969 SM. (fn. 58)
Morpeth Street Brit. Existed by 1847 when
Lond. City Mission applied to use it. Mission
opened adult free sch. there 1848, when 160
taught reading and writing on 2 evgs. a week. (fn. 59)
Brit. sch. survived 1850. (fn. 60)
Mowlem Primary, Cambridge Heath. Opened
1887 as Mowlem St. bd. for 360 B, 360 G, 466
I between Mowlem and Lyte streets. (fn. 61) a.a. 1893:
1,058 B, G, I. Enlarged 1898 and altered 1902
for 410 B, 410 G, 466 I. a.a. 1908: 356 B, 359
G, 348 I. Reorg. 1930 for 315 SB, 315 SG, 357
I. a.a. 1932: 193 SB, 194 SG, 208 I. Roll 1944:
395 M & I. (fn. 62) After war reorg. for JM & I, with
nursery class by 1964. New single-storeyed bldg.
for 280 opened 1971. (fn. 63) Roll 1988: 209 JM & I. (fn. 64)
National Children's Home, see Bonner
Road Children's Home.
New Castle Street Bd., see Virginia primary.
New North Street Ragged, see London
Nichol Street Bd., see Rochelle Street.
Nichol Street Ragged. (fn. 65) Jonathan Duthoit,
active in humanitarian work in dist. from 1836,
started Sun. sch. in small room in New Nichol
St. Developed 1849 into day sch. supported by
Lond. City Mission. Joined Ragged Sch. Union
1850, when accn. 90, roll 100 I weekday, 50 Sun.,
with 12 vol. teachers and one paid teacher. Numbers grew in spite of ruffians' opposition until
missioner c. 1852 converted 3 houses into one room
and by 1854, helped by Islington Union chapel and
£100 donation, built room with gallery for 170 I over
yard. a.a. 1854: weekday 119 B & G, 112 I, evg.
100 B, 77 G; Sun. 202 a.m., 351 p.m., 304 evg.,
with 3 paid and 30 vol. teachers. By 1855 40
teachers, of whom 32 from Islington. Sch.
'overflowing with children', although few remained long. Inc. nursery from 1856 and occupied
17 rooms, attended by c. 1,000 children and 300
adults, by 1860 but closed as unsafe. Trustees,
min. and members of Islington Union chapel
acquired site at corner of Old Nichol Street and
Nichol Row 1863. (fn. 66) New sch. completed 1866. a.a.
1871: day 100 B, 130 G, 90 I, evg. 150 B, 125 G.
Used by S.B.L. as temp. Old Nichol St. bd.
1872–9 until Rochelle St. opened, and 1884–8
before children transferred to New Castle St.
Accn. 1878: 339 B, 342 G, 356 I. Also used for
free ragged sch. on four weekday evgs. and Sun., (fn. 67)
where roll by 1886 was 1,800, with 120 vol.
teachers. (fn. 68) Ragged sch. still attended by c. 600 on
Sun. evg. 1898. (fn. 69) Bldg. continued as Sun. sch. and
mission centre until closed as unsafe 1939. (fn. 70)
New Nichol Street Ragged School in 1858
North Street Ragged. Name given to several
ragged schs. in very poor dist. bordering
Whitechapel. Originated in 'commodious schoolho.'
erected 1842 in Thames Pl. at own expense by
Cong. min. Williams and reg. as Zion chapel and
Sun. sch. (fn. 71) Later attempt to hold Sun. and
weekday ragged sch. in room offered by poor
woman broken up by ruffians. Local cttee.
formed 1848 which, aided by Ragged Sch.
Union, opened I sch. in Thomas Pl. 1849. Accn.
1850: 200; roll: weekday 120 I, evg. 50 B, 45 G;
Sun. 180 I; also 45 G in industrial classes; 2
paid and 5 vol. teachers. Assistance also given
for ragged schs. opened 1850 in neighbouring
cottages: Cumberland Pl., accn. 60, roll Sun. 24
a.m., 60 p.m. with 8 vol. teachers; Pleasant Pl.,
accn. 100, roll weekday 30 B, 45 G, 30 I, Sun.
117, industrial classes 20 G, with one paid and
8 vol. teachers. Cumberland Pl., available only
on Sun., replaced 1852 by premises adjoining
those in Pleasant Pl., which were thrown into
one sch. a.a. 1852: weekday 180, Sun. 150. North
St. schs. joint accn. 1858: 500; a.a.: weekday 300,
Sun. evg. 45. Adopted by Brit. and Foreign
Schs. Soc. 1859–65, then probably closed.
North Street Railway Arches Ragged, see
London Street (Mission).
Nova Scotia Gardens Nat. Sch. established
1858 in iron bldg. owned by Baroness BurdettCoutts who, with archdeacon of Kensington,
managed and largely financed it. Parl. grant.
Probably sch. at corner of Crabtree Row and
Columbia Sq. c. 1862. (fn. 72) a.a. 1865: 247. Closed by
1870 and partly replaced by Columbia Market
Oakey Street Brit. Roll 1843: 71. (fn. 73)
Oaklands, Old Bethnal Green Rd. Opened as
sec. M on site of St. Bernard's R.C. sec. 1991.
New arts bldg. on opposite side of road, linked
by bridge. Roll 1994: 450 SM. (fn. 74)
Old Castle Street Ragged, see Bethnal
Green Gospel Mission ragged.
Old Nichol Street Bd., see Nichol Street
Old Zion, see Zion, Old Bethnal Green Rd.
Olga Primary. Opened by 1874 as Olga St.
bd. for 324 B, 325 G, 418 I between Olga St.
and Arbery Rd. Enlarged 1881. Accn. 1887:
1,455 B, G, I; a.a. 1,374 B, G, I. Improved
1898. (fn. 75) Remodelled 1931 for 333 SB, 380 SG,
462 I. a.a. 1932: 263 SB, 284 SG, 338 I. Reorg.
c. 1935 for 427 I. a.a. 1936: 213 I. Roll 1944:
500. (fn. 76) After war reorg. for JM, I, briefly called
John Bartlett primary but by 1951 Olga primary.
Inc. nursery class by 1964. Bldg. replaced by
single-storeyed open-plan sch., designed by
Anne Webb and housing nursery, evg. institute,
and play centre, opened fronting Lanfranc Rd.
1982. Roll 1988: 208 JMI. Accn. already inadequate 1989. (fn. 77)
Our Lady Of The Assumption R.C. Primary.
Opened 1925 as Priory Hall R.C. temp. sch. by
Augustinians of Assumption next to priory in
Victoria Park Sq. Perm. premises opened and
reorg. 1926. Accn. 1927: 304 M & I; a.a. 153 M
& I. Called Our Lady of the Assumption by
1930. (fn. 78) Roll 1944: 100 M & I. (fn. 79) Vol. assisted after
war. Roll 1954: 94 JB, 100 JG, 29 SB, 33 SG. (fn. 80)
Reorg. 1955 as JM & I on new site in Bonner
Rd. Reorg. as I 1964/70. (fn. 81) Roll 1988: 155 I. (fn. 82)
Parliament Street R.C., see St. Patrick's R.C.
Parmiter's. (fn. 83) Thos. Parmiter by will proved
1682 left property to found almshos. and sch.
with master, elected by trustees, to teach 10
poor children to read, write and 'such other
knowledge as they should be capable of being
taught in the English tongue'. (fn. 84) Chancery
accordingly ordered lands to be mortgaged
1705. Almshouses and sch. built on site at E.
end of St. John St., leased at peppercorn rent,
1722. Additional gifts inc. £5 a year rent charge
towards children's clothing by Edw. Mayhew
(1726). From 1787 children given shoes, stockings, and books. (fn. 85) By 1809 uniform of dark
(probably grey) (fn. 86) Yorkshire cloth. Master paid
£1 p.a. for each B, aged 10–14, resident of
Bethnal Green and C.E. Roll 1723: 10 B;
1730: 30 B; 1790: 40 B; 1792: 50 B; 1819: 60 B.
Music master 1768–1809. Also called Grey Coat
sch. 1818. Curriculum 1819 reading, writing,
arithmetic, and religious instruction. New
almshos. and schoolho. built in Gloucester
(later Parmiter) St. 1839. (fn. 87) Roll 1846: 70 B.
Trustees purchased site 1871 in Approach Rd.,
where T. Chatfeild Clarke designed 'handsome
Gothic structure' for 250 B. Old sch. closed 1885
and used for almshos. New sch. opened 1887
with 118 B. Char. Com. Scheme of 1884
allotted 2/3 income to sch., removed residential
qualification, and established 6 co-optative
governors and 6 appointed by vestry, S.B.L.,
and Bethnal Green Museum. (fn. 88) L.C.C., which
made grants from 1889, replaced co-optative
members 1894. (fn. 89) Roll 1894: 311 B aged 7–16.
Art room adapted for additional classrooms; (fn. 90)
further alterations 1897, 1906. Listed as efficient
sec. sch. 1908. (fn. 91) Bd. of Educ. Scheme 1913
established separate sch. branch of Parmiter's
charity with 15 governors, 6 co-optative and 9
appointed by L.C.C., Bethnal Green M.B., and
Oxf. and Lond. univs. Sch. to provide 40 free
places for B from public elem. schs. in Bethnal
Green. (fn. 92) Scholarships and exhibitions provided
under will of Thos. Hen. Rippin, dated 1927. (fn. 93)
Sch. evacuated 1939–43, granted vol. aided
grammar sch. status 1951. Roll 1952: 480 B.
Acquired premises of bombed Cong. chapel
where science block built 1962 and gymnasium
1968. Roll 1969: 500 B. Roll 1980: 530 B. (fn. 94)
Rejected proposed amalg. into comprehensive
system and 1981 moved to Watford (Herts.).
Bldgs. taken over by Raine's Foundation (q.v.). (fn. 95)
Parochial Charity (Greencoat), Church
Row. Founded 1763 by vol. subscription for
educ. and clothing of 30 G, and, from 1765, 10
B. (fn. 96) Roll 1810: 30 B, 30 G; (fn. 97) 1816: 35 B, 35 G;
1835: 45 B, 45 G; 1846: 80 B, 80 G. Taught
reading, writing, accounts, and sewing 1816. (fn. 98)
Financed by sermons, vol. contributions, sch.
pence, and rent charge of £4 4s. left by Fras.
Newham (d. 1809), but mostly by dividends
from gift by Jas. Le Grew (1778) or bequests
under wills of Jas. Limborough (or Linborough),
Mic. Le Mounier (1783), Geo. Leeds (1785),
Peter Debeze (1791), Revd. Cornelius Winter
(1808), Eliz. Pontier (n.d.), Hen. Staveley
(1816), Thos. Stanfield (1826), and Jas. Geo.
Greenwood (1837). (fn. 99) Margaretta Brown's Gift
(1830) left the residue on £1,400 consols for
bibles and prayer books for Parochial sch.,
amounting to £18 p.a. in 1861 and, by 1920s, no
longer spent on religious books. (fn. 1) 'Suitable bldg.'
with ho. for master and mistress erected at
junction of Church St. (later Bethnal Green Rd.)
and Gibraltar Walk by 1813. (fn. 2) Three-storeyed
sch. for 200 built on same site 1845. (fn. 3) Road
improvements necessitated move to bldg.
belonging to St. And.'s ch. 1879 and then to
empty St. Mat.'s Nat. sch. in Church Row. Bldgs.
repaired and, by agreement with rector, also
used for St. Matthew's Sun. and evg. schs. Geo.
Robertson's educational charity transferred to
Parochial sch. after closure of St. Mat.'s Nat.
sch. (fn. 4) and children from Parochial sch. received
scholarships from Sam. Butler's apprenticing
char. 1889–93. (fn. 5) Roll 1894: 80 B, 70 G. (fn. 6) Closed
1930. (fn. 7) Funds applied to 6 remaining C.E. schs.
under Bd. of Educ. Scheme 1933. (fn. 8)
Pilgrim Primary, see Globe primary.
Pleasant Place Ragged, see North Street
Portman Place, Globe Rd. Opened by S.B.L.
1878 for 365 B, 355 G, 452 I, largely from
Bethnal Green although site in Mile End until
boundary changes of 1900. Accn. 1884 for
additional 120 B, 120 G, 150 I. New 3-storeyed
block 1896 for 414 JMI, with drawing room,
laboratory, cookery and manual training centres,
and special sch. Accn. 1908: 435 B, 435 G, 408
JM, 494 I. Reorg. 1927/30 for 314 SG, 389 JB,
307 JG, 498 I. Closed 1947/51 and site taken for
adjoining Morpeth sec. (q.v.). (fn. 9)
Prince's Court, Tyssen St. Housed Sun. sch.
1818. (fn. 10) I day sch. in unsecured room 1846. Roll
1846: 115 B, 115 G, with one paid teacher and
21 vol. teachers. Also evg. sch., roll 1846: 14 B,
46 G. Possibly run as ragged sch. by V. of St.
Matthias 1858. (fn. 11)
Priory Hall R.C., see Our Lady of the
Pritchard's Road. Erected by S.B.L. next to
Ann's Place Brit. sch. for 195 B, 189 G 1875 and
270 I 1878. Enlarged 1881 (fn. 12) and altered 1890,
1897. Accn. 1908: 315 B, 275 G, 296 I; a.a. 274
B, 265 G, 294 I. Remodelled 1909 and 1927.
Accn. 1932: 516 SG, 312 I; a.a. 352 SG, 231 I.
Closed during Second World War. (fn. 13)
Providence Chapel, see Hackney Rd. (Providence Chapel).
Rachel Keeling Nursery, Bullard's Pl.,
Morpeth St. Opened 1962 in purpose-built sch.
under block of flats. Roll 1989: 100. (fn. 14)
Raine's Foundation C.E. Vol. aided Raine's
Foundation grammar sch. (dating from c. 1719) (fn. 15)
in Arbour Sq., Mile End, amalg. 1977 with St.
Jude's C.E. sec. into Raine's Foundation C.E.
comprehensive for 750 SM. Lower sch. in St.
Jude's bldg. in Old Bethnal Green Rd., upper
at Arbour Sq. until move to vacated Parmiter
sch. in Approach Rd. 1981. New science block
1985. Roll 1988: 840 SM. (fn. 16)
Rochelle Street. Opened 1879 as Shoreditch
Nichol St. bd. in new bldg. for 312 B, 312 G,
363 I to replace Nichol St. ragged. (fn. 17) Rebuilt as
tall, red-brick and stone bldg. under Boundary
St. scheme 1898, when renamed after new
Rochelle St. (fn. 18) Accn. 1908: 270 B, 270 G, 363 I;
a.a. 241 B, 250 G, 284 I. Accn. for I reduced to
294 in 1909. Reorg. 1929 for 228 JB, 200 JG,
190 I. 'Almost entirely Jewish' 1930. Alumni
inc. Louis and Bernard Grade and Chas. Clore. (fn. 19)
I dept. closed 1933. (fn. 20) Closed during Second
World War and later reopened as special sch.
Royal Victoria Park, see Twig Folly Brit.
St. Andrew's Nat. Originated c. 1841 as Sun.
sch. in private ho. Day sch. for 200 B, 120 G,
75 I opened 1842 next to ch. on corner of St.
And. St. with Teale St. Grants from parl., Nat.
Soc., and Bethnal Green Fund. (fn. 21) Roll 1843:
279. (fn. 22) Premises conveyed to Nat. Soc. 1845. (fn. 23) V.
sole manager. I closed by 1846, when roll 141
B, 110 G and 'much life, intelligence and good
work in sch.'. I reopened by 1852 but in financial
difficulties. Sch. closed 1867 but reopened by
1871, when financed by sch. pence. Roll 1871:
93 B, 116 G; a.a. 60 B, 103 G; I taught in Vicarage.
Teaching poor and sch. probably soon finally
closed. (fn. 24) Bldg. offered to Oxford Ho. 1884. (fn. 25)
St. Anne's R.C. Sec., Wood Close. Founded
by Marists 1955 as vol. aided SM, linked with
existing primary sch. in Underwood Rd. (Stepney).
Became separate sch., named St. Gregory's 1959
and amalg. to form St. Bernard's R.C. sec. 1965. (fn. 26)
St. Barnabas's Nat. (formerly St. Luke's),
Gernon Rd., Roman Rd. Founded 1866 for 252
I in Gothic bldg. on corner with Lawfranc Rd.
also used as mission ch.; teacher's ho. to E. (fn. 27)
Financed by grants from parl., Nat. Soc., and Bp.
of Lond's Fund and by sch. pence. (fn. 28) Roll 1871:
244; a.a. 166. 'Cannot be looked on as permanent'
by S.B.L. 1879. Roll 1905: 165; a.a. 137. Closed
1905 and bldgs. converted to ch. institute. (fn. 29)
St. Bartholomew's C.E., Coventry St.
Founded as Sun. and day sch. in temp. premises
1841:a.a. 70 B, 40 G, 30 I. Schs. blt. 1842 with
parl. and Nat. Soc. grants for 200 B, 120 G, 75
I, S. of ch. between Suffolk (later Coventry)
St. and Essex (later Buckhurst) St. Schs. and
teachers' hos. conveyed to Nat. Soc. 1844. (fn. 30) Roll
1846: weekday 75 B, 53 G; Sun. 74 B, 93 G; 34
B, 34 G attended both, with paid master and
mistress and 11 vol. teachers in 2 schoolrooms.
I sch. roll 1846: weekday 46 B, 47 G; Sun. 28
B, 29 G who also attended day sch., with one
paid mistress in one schoolroom. V. reported
1852 that B and G schs. were attended by
children of artisans who paid 2d.–4d. a week to
be taught book keeping, history, geography, and
English besides the elements. I sch., 'crammed
to suffocation', was attended by children of
lower classes who paid 1d.–2d. Bldgs., consisting
of teachers' ho. flanked by single-storeyed B sch.
and G & I sch., converted 1853 into sch.,
sometimes called upper sch., for 340 B, G. New
I sch., sometimes called elementary sch., built
N. of ch. at corner of Suffolk and Newport (later
Cudworth) streets 1853, enlarged 1858 for 310
I. (fn. 31) Roll 1858: 130 B, 100 G, 200 I. (fn. 32) Roll 1871:
240 B, 184 G, 239 I, when financed by sch.
pence, subscriptions and parl. and Nat. Soc.
grants and managed by V. Offered to S.B.L.
1874 (fn. 33) but continued as vol. sch. Accn. 1879: 644
B, G, I. a.a. 1906: 292 B & G, 234 I. a.a. 1932:
210 M, 121 I. Both schs. bombed and not
reopened. (fn. 34)
St. Bernard's R.C. Sec. Comprehensive sch.
for SB, formed 1965 by amalg. of St. Bernard's
R.C. of Damien St. (Stepney) with Johnson St.
B (Stepney) and St. Gregory's SM. Upper sch.
in former St. Gregory's premises in Wood Close
and middle sch. in former Daneford premises in
Mansford St. (fn. 35) Roll 1970: 660 B. Roll 1988: 650
B. (fn. 36) Amalg. with St Phil. Howard into Blessed
John Roche sec. 1991 and site used for Oaklands
(q.v.). (fn. 37)
St. Gregory's R.C., see St. Anne's R.C. sec.
St. James The Great Nat., Bethnal Green Rd.
Day and Sun. schs. for 200 B, 112 G, 86 I built
1842 with grants by parl., Nat. Soc., and Bethnal
Green Churches' Fund. (fn. 38) Single-storeyed
Gothic teacher's ho. flanked by B sch. and by
G & I sch., N. of church on corner of Pollard
Row and Ann (later Florida) St., conveyed to
Nat. Soc. 1848. (fn. 39) Financed by sch. pence,
subscriptions, and incumbent and attended
1846 by children of 'respectable weavers'. Roll
1846: 100 B, 104 G, 120 I, in 3 schoolrooms
with paid master and two mistresses and 19
vol. teachers. Bldgs. unsatisfactory and parl.
withdrew financial aid 1858. (fn. 40) Endowed,
possibly in 1843, with £1,106 stock by Thos.
Churchman Harrold, which produced £33 in
1861. (fn. 41) Closed 1866 but reopened by 1871,
when 'dark, dirty and inefficient'. Roll 1871:
140; a.a. 64 B, 55 G. (fn. 42) Still Nat. sch. 1885 but
by 1893 (fn. 43) Sun. schs. only, which received
dividends of Harrold's charity. (fn. 44)
St. James The Less Nat., St. James's Rd. and
Sewardstone Rd., Victoria Pk. Built 1858 for
141 I on ground floor and 168 G above, with
adjoining teacher's ho., in St. James's Rd. and
conveyed to incumbent and churchwardens
1859. a.a. 1860: 40 B, 40 G, 80 I. (fn. 45) Sch. for 270 B
built in ecclesiastical style with grant from Nat.
Soc. 1861 next to teacher's ho. in Sewardstone
Rd. (fn. 46) Financed by parl. grant and sch. pence.
Attended 1868–70 by Geo. Lansbury. (fn. 47) Roll
1871: 293 B, 144 G, 164 I. In disrepair by late
1898. G & I sch. converted under Char. Com.
Scheme 1900 into parochial bldgs., inc. 5 classrooms for day and Sun. schs. but probably used
only for Sun. sch. B sch. sold under Scheme
1908 to L.C.C. (fn. 48)
St. John The Baptist R.C. Primary, Bonner
Rd. Moved 1968 from Hackney Road to new
bldgs. next to Our Lady of the Assumption R.C.
I sch. (fn. 49) Roll 1988: 217 JM. (fn. 50)
St. John C.E. Primary, Peel Grove. Sch.
for 600 opened 1843 on site acquired 1841 on
W. side of Peel Grove, with parl. grant and
subscriptions, after failure to obtain part of Poor's
Land on green. Gothic bldg. with adjacent B
and G depts. and teacher's ho. adjoining at
back. (fn. 51) Roll 1843: 390; a.a. 220. (fn. 52) Financed also
by Nat. Soc. grants and sch. pence and managed
by trustees. Roll 1846: weekday 110 B, 86 G;
Sun. 46 B, 92 G, besides 30 B, 48 G on both
weekdays and Sun., in 2 schoolrooms with paid
master and mistress and 33 vol. teachers. Alleged
lack of discipline and poor instructions.
Teacher's ho. converted into classrooms, I dept.
blt. adjoining B dept., and detached teacher's ho.
blt. to S. 1860. (fn. 53) Roll 1858: 170 B, 106 G, 112
I. Roll 1871: 119 B, 54 G, 93 I. a.a. 1887: 203;
1893: 387. Bldgs. condemned by Educ. Dept.
1897 and new bldg. for 700 opened 1900. (fn. 54) a.a.
1908: 385 M, 226 I. a.a. 1932: 339 M, 200 I.
After war vol. assisted C.E. M & I, reorg. 1954
as JM & I. Roll 1988: 197. (fn. 55)
St. John Street. Opened by 1827 as Sun. sch.
associated with mainly Wes. Spitalfields Sun.
Sch. Tract Soc. in former Huguenot chapel. (fn. 56)
By 1835 housed day sch., roll 35 B, 35 G, of
whom 12 paid for by Lond. French Ch. Soc.,
rest by parents. Sun. sch. taken over by St.
Matthias C.E. by 1846, when 44 B, 43 G paid
sch. pence. Day sch. taken over by St. Matthias
Nat. 1850 but still used as Sun. sch. 1863 and
demol. for rly. (fn. 57)
St. Jude's C.E. Sec., Old Bethnal Green Rd.
Opened by 1846 as Sun. sch. in old chapel. Roll
1846: 109 B, 107 G, financed by incumbent and
with 22 vol. teachers. Day sch. for 452 B, G, I
and adjoining teachers' ho. in yellow brick built
E. of church 1846 with parl. grant and conveyed
to Nat. Soc. 1848. (fn. 58) B. sch., a.a. 78, in difficulties
and master dismissed for 'gross misbehaviour'
1852. Older children attended only a few days
a week. Roll 1858: 100 B, 50 G, 120 I, all
supported by vol. contributions. (fn. 59) Roll 1871: 149
B, 110 G, 120 I. (fn. 60) Alterations 1875. Accn. 1878:
144 B, 85 G, 168 I. After 'many years of temp.
non-existence', new bldg. opened 1895 (fn. 61) and
reorg. for 108 G, 146 I. Accn. 1932: 264 JG &
I; a.a. 175. Under Lond. Plan 1947, (fn. 62) reorg. in
new bldg. on same site as vol. assisted C.E. Sec.
M 1959. (fn. 63) Amalg. with Raine's Foundation 1977
and bldgs. used for lower sch. (fn. 64)
St. Luke's Nat., see St. Barnabas's Nat.
St. Matthew's German And English, No. 1
Halliford Terr., Grove Rd., Victoria Pk. Day,
Sun., and evg. sch. where by 1870 Theodor
Winkley or Winckler of Leipzig Univ. and wife
taught the elements and German. Some free
pupils, others paid sch. pence. a.a. 1871: 24 B,
15 G day, 9 G evg. Closed soon afterwards amid
rumours of murder.
St. Matthew's Nat., Church Row. Nat. sch.
opened 1819 by rector, with aid from bp. of
Lond. and Soc. for Educ. of Poor in Principles
of Established Ch. and from tithe rate, in
temp. premises in Wilmot Sq. for 120. Nat. Soc.
built sch. on NW. corner of churchyard with
burial vaults underneath 1819. Roll 1820: weekday 304 B, 106 G; Sun. 109 B, 92 G; also evg.
sch. Financed by parl. grants, Nat. Soc., local
subscriptions, Geo. Robertson's charity (1862),
and sch. pence. (fn. 65) Roll 1848: 275 B in upper room
with master, 135 G in lower room with mistress.
Suffered stench of corpses on one side, slaughter
house on other. (fn. 66) Master absconded 1854. Roll
1858: 350 B, G, 120 I. (fn. 67) Roll 1871: 294 B, 286
G & I. Bldgs. altered 1859, conveyed to rector
and churchwardens for sch. 1860, in disrepair
by 1879. Closed after rector refused use to
S.B.L., and later occupied by Parochial Charity
sch. (fn. 68) Sun. sch. beneficiary of Margaretta Brown
Educ. Fund. (fn. 69)
St. Matthias C.E. Primary, Granby St.
Opened by 1843 when roll 629. (fn. 70) By 1844 Sun.
and Nat. day sch. for 112 B, 112 G in 2
unsecured rooms. Roll 1846: weekday and Sun.
58 B, 117 G; Sun. 87 B, 77 G, with paid master
and mistress. Parish also ran I day sch. in
Prince's Ct. and Sun. sch. in St. John St.,
probably in former French chapel acquired by
Nat. Soc. 1850. First floor used as St. Matthias
Nat. B. sch. and ground floor as teacher's ho.
until demol. 1871. (fn. 71) Site in Hare St. next to ch.
conveyed for G & I sch. and teacher's ho. 1851. (fn. 72)
Parl. grant 1852, when 'much overcrowded'. (fn. 73)
Financed by parl. grants, vol. contributions, and
sch. pence. Roll 1871: 145 B, 225 G & I. (fn. 74)
Single-storeyed sch. for 300 B, 200 G blt. at
corner of Granby St. with Oakley St. 1871, when
Hare St. converted for I only. (fn. 75) Accn. 1879: 773
B, G, I. Alterations 1894, when schs. free. (fn. 76) a.a.
1906: 375 B, G, 203 I. a.a. 1932: 142 B, 117 G,
92 I. After evacuation temp. reopened 1944 in
Wood Close (Hare St.) premises. (fn. 77) Reopened as
vol. assisted JM & I in Granby St. bldgs. 1953.
Roll 1988: 103 JM & I. (fn. 78)
St. Patrick's R.C., Parliament St., Cambridge Rd. Built 1869 by St. Anne's Spitalfields
R.C. church and opened as Parliament (later
Witan) St. R.C. Financed by parl. grant, vol.
contributions, and sch. pence. Roll 1871: 29 B,
85 G, 116 I; 'a very nice sch.'. Accn. 1879: 163
B, G, I. Alterations 1895. Roll 1908: 95 G, 94
I; a.a. 91 G, 85 I. Renamed St. Patrick's 1936. (fn. 79)
After war vol. assisted M & I sch., at Stewart
Headlam sch. in Tapp St. until move 1953 to
Buxton St., Mile End New Town.
St. Paul's Nat., No. 11 Gosset St. Opened
1851 in ho. belonging to V. and churchwardens
with I on ground floor and G above. Financed
by sch. pence, vol. contributions, parl. and Nat.
Soc. grants. Roll 1871: 164; a.a. 155 G & I. (fn. 80)
Adjoining property conveyed, subject to lease,
in trust for schs. 1870 and 1871. New bldg. for
168 I 1873. Accn. 1878: 170 G. Day sch. closed
c. 1884 although Sun. sch. continued. By 1892
income from trust augmented V.'s income. (fn. 81)
Property vested in official trustees by Char.
Com. Scheme 1896. (fn. 82) Bldgs. hired by S.B.L. but
given up by 1903. (fn. 83)
St. Peter's C.E., St. Peter's Ave. (formerly St.
Peter St.), Hackney Rd. Opened by 1842 as Nat.
day and Sun. sch. in temp. bldg. for 70. (fn. 84) Roll
1844: 84 B, 31 G. Room for Benlarged 1845. Roll
1846: weekday and Sun. 74 B, 27 G; Sun. 29 B,
12 G, in 2 'virtually secured' schoolrooms with
paid master and mistress and 11 vol. teachers.
Accn. inadequate and new sch. 1851 near ch.
with parl. grant and contributions, especially
from relatives of dead curate. Accn. 1851: 245
B, 130 G, 133 I. Financed by vol. contributions
and sch. pence. (fn. 85) Roll 1858: 120 B, 45 G, 109
I. (fn. 86) Roll 1871: 126 B, 56 G, 82 I. Application to
Nat. Soc. for more accn. 1873 sought conversion
of G & I schs. for 200 I, move by G to B sch.
and extension for 300 B. Extension, also to be
used as mission room, built on adjacent site
1875. (fn. 87) Accn. 1878: 225 B, 172 G, 172 I. Bldgs.
condemned by inspector 1881 and B & G schs.
abandoned 1886. a.a. 1887: 57 I. Nat. Soc. asked
for grant to convert ground floor, then a club
room, for M sch. and to add I classroom. M sch.
opened 1891 and improved with anonymous
benefaction 1894. (fn. 88) a.a. 1898: 203 M, 180 I. Vol.
contributions saved sch. from condemnation by
L.C.C. 1907 (fn. 89) Reorg. 1931 for 246 JM, 222 I.
a.a. 1932: 162 JM, 110 I. Evacuated during
Second World War and not reopened. Bldg. let
for industry before demol. in 1960s.
St. Philip's C.E., Swanfield (formerly Mount)
St. Opened by 1843 in Friar's Mount (fn. 90) as day
and Sun. sch. in hired ho. a.a. 1844: 48 B, 48 G.
Sites on E. side of Mount St., N. and S. of ch.
for B and G & I schs., with accn. for 536
conveyed to Nat. Soc. 1852. (fn. 91) Financed by parl.
and Nat. Soc. grants and sch. pence. Roll 1858:
110 B, 100 G, 250 I. (fn. 92) Roll 1871: 170 B, 170 G,
101 I. Classroom added 1877 and sch. efficient
in 1870s. (fn. 93) a.a. 1887: 405. a.a. 1893: 267. By 1899
G sch. closed, B sch. became M; heavy debt and
incompetent staff. Alterations 1901 and 1902.
Always in poor dist., by 1922 'swamped by
Jews', sch. drew children from wider area as
other C.E. schs. closed. Reorg. 1931 for 231 JM
& I. a.a. 1932: 161. Closed during Second World
War. (fn. 94)
St. Philip's Ragged, no. 32 Bacon St. Opened
by 1855 as C.E. ragged sch. by V. of St. Phil.
Roll 1855: weekday 80; Sun. 40 a.m., 60 p.m.
with one paid teacher and 2 vol. teachers. In
large old ho. at corner of Anchor (Sclater) St.
and Club Row, later Holy Trinity Nat. sch., in
early 1860s. (fn. 95) At no. 32 Bacon St. by 1871, when
80 B, 85 G, all but five aged under 9, taught free
in large room on third floor; badly furnished and
instruction poor. Open 1872 but probably soon
closed. (fn. 96)
St. Simon Zelotes Nat., Bullard St. and
Morpeth St. Opened 1841 as St. Jas. the Less
Nat. Sun. and day sch. for 140 G and 100 I on
ground floor and 200 B on first floor in plain
bldg. adjoining teacher's ho. in Twig Folly.
Financed by grants from parl. and Nat. Soc. and
private subscriptions. (fn. 97) Site at corner of Bullard
St. and William (later Warley) St. conveyed to
Nat. Soc. 1843. (fn. 98) Roll 1846: weekday 38 I in I
schoolroom; weekday and Sun. 67 B, 40 G in 2
schoolrooms; Sun. 100 B, 80 G, with paid master
and mistress and 13 vol. teachers; schs. attached
to new dist. of St. Simon Zelotes. Chapel and
schoolroom 'once an infidel lecture hall', in
Knottisford St. off Morpeth St., leased 1855 to
V. and churchwardens and later housed I. (fn. 99)
Roll 1858: 116 B, 66 G, 171 I. (fn. 1) Roll 1871: 229
B, 92 G, 206 I. Financed by sch. pence. I sch.
a 'tumbledown barn sort of mission hall' 1875.
Both schs. transferred to S.B.L. 1877 and closed
1881. (fn. 2) B & G sch. housed Warley St. temp. bd.
1884–5 and I sch. St. Simon Zelotes temp. bd.
1895–7. (fn. 3) Teacher's ho. occupied by ladies'
mission 1905. (fn. 4)
St. Thomas's Nat., Westminster St., Columbia
Market. Opened by 1843 as Sun. and day sch.
for 75 B, 75 G in large hired room in Gascoigne
Pl. (fn. 5) Roll 1846: weekday and Sun. 72 B, 24 G;
Sun. 9 B, 5 G, in one schoolroom with paid
master and 2 vol. teachers. New sch. blt. 1847
for 110 G, 165 I on ground and 225 B on first
floor of plain bldg. in Westminster St., W. of ch.
conveyed to Nat. Soc. 1851. Financed by grants
from parl. and Nat. Soc., vol. contributions, and
sch. pence. Improvements 1858 and 1866. (fn. 6) Roll
1858: 90 B, 60 G, 110 I. (fn. 7) Roll 1871: 90 B, 81 G,
228 I. (fn. 8) a.a. 1875: 425 M & I. Supposedly closed
as day sch. 1876 but accn. given 1878 as 80 B,
84 G, 94 I and V. referred 1882 to proposed
reopening. Gymnasium rebuilt 1906. Continued
as Sun. sch. until 1919 or later.
Satchwell Street Brit. Opened 1859 as
Sun. sch. under supervision of Cong. minister
Geo. Kelsey with 60 children in Orange St. dist.
of Lond. City Mission. Day sch. for 130 M
opened 1862, when a.a. 130. (fn. 9) Mission sch. associated with Cong. and Brit. and Foreign Schs.
Soc., financed by sch. pence. Roll 1871: 43 B,
39 G; a.a. 20 B, 30 G, mostly I. Bldg. condemned 1871. Probably replaced by Turin St.
bd. Sun. sch. united with Blythe St. (Abbey)
Sun. sch. 1873. (fn. 10)
Sewardstone Road Temp. Opened 1911 by
L.C.C. in former St. James the Less B sch. for
675 SM, JM, I. a.a. 1912: 564. Reorg. 1930 for
320 JM, 141 I. a.a. 1932: 442. Closed 1940.
Shoreditch Nichol Street Bd., see Rochelle
Somerford Street Bd., see Stewart Headlam
Squirries Street Mission Hall. (fn. 11) Opened as
Bapt. Sun. sch., a.a. 70, (fn. 12) and possibly day sch.
by 1851, when schoolmistress resident in
street. (fn. 13) Day sch. by 1868. Day and evg. schs.
given up by 1871, when 20 G taught free on Sun.
Stewart Headlam Primary, Somerford St.
Designed by E. R. Robson and opened 1881 as
Somerford St. bd. for 1,643 B, G, I between
Somerford (originally Summerford) and Tapp
streets. (fn. 14) a.a. 1887: 998 B, G, I. Accn. 1908: 465
B, 465 G, 616 I; a.a. 411 B, 388 G, 358 I. First
L.C.C. day nursery opened 1917. (fn. 15) Renamed
Stewart Headlam 1925. (fn. 16) Reorg. 1930 for 392
JB, 392 JG, 457 I. a.a. 1932: 372 JB, 374 JG,
373 I. Roll 1944: 394 M & I. (fn. 17) After war reorg
for JM & I and absorbed Wilmot primary
1955/8. Roll 1988: 310 JM & I. (fn. 18)
Summerford Street Bd., see Stewart Headlam primary.
Teale Street. I and day sch. built by 'benevolent individual' 1825. a.a. 70–90 and financed by
subscriptions and sch. pence 1835.
Teesdale Primary, Teesdale St. Opened by
1873 as Claremont St. bd. for 257 B, 273 G, 289
I in Claremont St. New bldg. called Teesdale
St. bd. opened 1878 for 409 B, 387 G, 416 I at
junction of Claremont and Teesdale streets. a.a.
1887: 1,093 B, G, I. Improvements 1899. (fn. 19) Accn.
1908: 358 B, 348 G, 449 I; a.a. 310 B, 334 G,
393 I. Remodelled 1909. Reorg. 1931 for 304 JB,
297 JG, 290 I. a.a. 1932: 268 JB, 178 JG, 241 I.
Roll 1944: 656 M & I. (fn. 20) After war reorg. as
Teesdale primary, with nursery class by 1964.
Amalg. with Lawrence primary 1975 to form
Thomas Place Ragged, see North Street
Thorold Square. Lower part of ho. used for
Zehovah chapel and I sch. 1851. (fn. 21)
Trinity, Peel Grove. Sun. sch. started 1846
by Theodore Habershon in NE. part of Bethnal
Green moved by 1851 to Trinity chapel, a.a. 60
a.m., 70 p.m. Nos. rose and new schs., under
patronage of earl of Shaftesbury and financed by
vol. subscriptions and collections, built in
Gothic style on E. side of Peel Grove 1859. Roll
Sun. 400, with 30 vol. teachers; weekday evg.
classes. (fn. 22) Sun. and day schs. c. 1861. (fn. 23) Called
Ashley mission from 1880 and connected with
Ragged Sch. Union 1903. (fn. 24)
Turin Street. Opened 1875 E. of Turin St.
and designed by Bodley & Garner, winners of
S.B.L. competition, for 466 B, 468 G, 697 I in
adjoining bldgs., for B & G and for I. (fn. 25) a.a. 1887:
1,424 B, G, I. Remodelled 1903. Accn. 1908:
284 B, 284 G, 423 I; a.a. 263 B, 265 G, 354 I.
B and G depts. closed 1927, I 1929.
Turk Street. Roll 1843: 50. (fn. 26)
Turville Street Brit. Opened 1839 in hired
rooms at no. 43. Roll 1843: 60. Probably replaced by other Nichol schs. (fn. 27)
Twig (fn. 28) Folly Brit. Opened 1830 as Lancasterian schs. for 120 B and 80 G in adjacent bldgs.
in Sidney St. Financed by sch. pence but rooms
'almost untenantable'. (fn. 29) Sch. for 250 B built with
parl. and Brit. and Foreign Schs. Soc. grants on
W. side of Bonner Lane and conveyed to trustees
1837. a.a. 1838: 120 B. (fn. 30) G sch. opened in Green
Pl., William St., by 1840, when a.a. 80. Singlestoreyed G sch. built S. of B sch. 1849. (fn. 31) As
Royal Victoria Park sch., partly financed by sch.
pence, a.a. 1850: 186 B, 150 G. Accn. 1871: 285
B but roll only 60 due to illness and death of
teacher; accn. in leased G sch. 153; a.a. 170 B
sch. housed Bonner Lane temp. bd. 1874–6 and
1878–80 (fn. 32) and subsequently used as Cong. Sun.
sch. (fn. 33) G sch. replaced by Bonner St. bd., later
Twig Folly Ragged. Opened c. 1849 for 70
on 4 evgs. a week with 12 vol. teachers. Roll
1849: 45 B, 50 G. Accn. by 1850: 120. Roll by
1851: 30 B, 30 G with one paid teacher and 8 vol.
teachers. Listed as active 1854 but not thereafter.
Victoria Park Chisenhale Road, see Chisenhale primary.
Victoria Park College Institute, Albert
(later Waterloo) Rd. Opened 1851 by incumbent
of St. Jas. the Less for children of 'intermediate
class', professionals of limited income, clerks, and
tradesmen. C.E. sch. managed by dist. chs. (fn. 34) Bldg.
needing repair 1861 and sold 1862, probably to
become commercial, non-Anglican sch. (fn. 35)
Virginia Primary, Virginia Rd. Opened 1875
as New Castle St. bd. for 156 B, 161 G, 270 I.
Enlarged and reorg. 1887 for 210 B, 260 G in
old bldg. and 360 JM, 469 I in new bldg. (fn. 36) a.a.
1887: 541. Renamed Virginia Rd. 1899 as part
of Boundary St. rebuilding scheme. (fn. 37) By 1901
many Jewish children. a.a. 1908: 204 B, 225 G,
299 JM, 373 I. JM dept. closed 1913. Reorg.
1932 for 464 SM, 323 I; a.a. 274 SM, 189 I;
'almost entirely Jewish'. Roll 1944: 330 M & I. (fn. 38)
After war reorg. as primary sch. Special English
teaching needed; turnover of 15 supply teachers
in 3 months 1968. (fn. 39) Roll 1988: 228 JM & I. (fn. 40)
Virginia Row Ragged. Opened 1856 with roll
100 I day, 35 B, 59 G evg., and one paid teacher.
Warley Street Bd., see St. Simon Zelotes
Wilmot. Opened 1873 as Wilmot St. bd. for
542 B, 472 G, 686 I in bldg. designed by Giles
& Gough on site bought from Industrial Dwellings Co. on E. side of street. Damaged by rioting
B 1877. (fn. 41) a.a. 1887: 1,426 B, G, I. Alterations
1887, 1901, 1904, 1905. Accn. 1908: 465 B, 456
G, 616 I; a.a. 429 B, 426 G, 454 I. Reorg. 1930
for 352 SG, 406 I; a.a. 1932: 268 SG, 240 I,
when rebuilt (fn. 42) I dept. closed 1936. Roll 1944:
398 M & I. (fn. 43) After war reorg. as Wilmot primary
for I and Wilmot sec. for SG. Primary sch.
amalg. with Stewart Headlam 1955/8. Wilmot
sec. closed 1965. (fn. 44)
Wolverley Street. Opened by S.B.L. 1877
for 355 B, 355 G, 414 I E. of Wolverley St.
Enlarged 1887 for additional 48 I. (fn. 45) a.a. 1887:
971 B, G, I. a.a. 1908: 316 B, 303 G, 331 I.
Alterations 1895, 1897, 1912. Remodelled 1916
for 272 B, 272 G, 324 I. Reorg. 1931 for 320 SB,
280 SG, 261 I. a.a. 1932: 233 SB, 227 SG, 204
I. Closed during Second World War and not
Wood Close Primary. Plan for bd. sch. in
Wood Close 1894 opposed by neighbouring
schs. New free sch. between Wood Close, Hare
(later Cheshire) St., and St. Matthew's Row
opened 1901 for 242 B, 242 G, 244 I. (fn. 46) a.a. 1908:
218 B, 204 G, 238 I. Reorg. 1929 for 400 JM,
218 I. a.a. 1932: 359 JM, 189 I; 'almost entirely
Jewish'. Shared premises with St. Matthias
primary by 1944, when joint roll 396 M & I. (fn. 47)
Closed when St. Matthias moved to Granby St.
1953, premises being occupied by St. Anne's
R.C. sec. (fn. 48)
Zion (Old), Old Bethnal Green Rd. Chapel
blt. 1836 by Ind. min. Thos. G. Williams (fn. 49)
housed 'charity sch.' by 1846. (fn. 50) Sun. and I day
schs. 1851, when roll 100 a.m., 150 p.m. (fn. 51) After
closure of chapel 1865/9, bldg. used for overflow
of Abbey Sun. sch. (fn. 52)
Zion, Thomas Street (Passage), see North
Abbey Street. Opened 1896
for 80, by 1909 for an additional 20, mentally
deficient children. Closed 1927.
Beatrice Tate, St. Jude's Rd. Begun as vol.
enterprise in temp. bldgs. in Bethnal Green
Gdns. New bldg. for handicapped children
aged 6–16, between St. Jude's Rd. and Poyster
St., authorized 1967. (fn. 53) Opened 1970 as Junior
Training Centre by Social Svces. Dept. of
Tower Hamlets L.B. Transferred to I.L.E.A.
1971 as M sch. for educationally subnormal.
Roll 1989: 82. (fn. 54)
Cranbrook Road. Dept. for myopic children
at bd. sch. 1920–4. (fn. 55)
Daniel Street. Opened 1900 as temp. centre
for mentally defective children in bd. sch. Singlestoreyed bldg. with 4 classrooms for 90 children
built 1901 adjoining bd. sch. Roll 1921: 81. Roll
1929: 58. (fn. 56) Closed 1929 and children transferred
to Mowlem St. and Hoxton Ho., Osborn Pl.
(Whitechapel). (fn. 57) Reopened 1929 for 45 partially
sighted children. Roll 1938: 32. (fn. 58) Scheduled for
closure 1947 and gone by 1951. (fn. 59)
Mansford Street. Opened 1901 for 40 physically defective children in 2 classrooms in bd.
sch. previously used as centre for deaf. Closed
1914 and children transferred to Tollit St., Mile
End. (fn. 60)
Mowlem Street. Opened 1908 in single-storeyed brick bldg. with hall and 4 classrooms for
90 mentally deficient children. By 1921 JM only,
roll 93. (fn. 61) Roll 1933: 64. Closed 1935. (fn. 62) Reopened
1941 for partially sighted but closed by 1951. (fn. 63)
Rochelle Primary, Arnold Circus. L.C.C. in
1947 planned sch. for deaf in new and enlarged
bldg. on site of former bd. sch. (fn. 64) Instead prim.
sch. for educationally subnormal opened by 1951
and closed 1976. (fn. 65)
Somerford Street. Opened 1882 for 40 deaf
children as classroom in bd. sch. Closed 1909/18.
Virginia Road. Opened as New Castle St.
special 1893. (fn. 66) Was room at bd. sch., used for
mentally defective children but needed for
ordinary sch., 1900. (fn. 67) Closed by 1909.
Weavers' Field, Mape Street. Opened
1965/70 for M maladjusted children aged 5–16
in former Hague primary sch. Roll 1989: 52. (fn. 68)
Wood Close. There were depts. for 25 mentally
defective and 25 physically defective children at
council sch. before 1941, when temp. suspended.
Finally closed by 1945. (fn. 69)
Adult and technical education.
A school of
industry, run by women, was housed in Friar's
Mount school in 1811. (fn. 70) The Sunday schools
established by the East London Auxiliary to
the Sunday School Union by 1816 taught reading and, on weekday evenings, writing to pupils
who included adults. (fn. 71) An adult school existed
at Hare Street by 1819. (fn. 72) St. Matthew's, Bethnal
Green's first National school, included evening
classes in 1820. (fn. 73) Only two parishes, St. James
the Great and St. Matthias, ran evening schools
in 1846, St. James's with 13 pupils and St.
Matthias's two schools (one at Prince's Court)
with 92 pupils. (fn. 74) By 1858 St. James the Great
had an evening school in winter for 150 children
and one for 20 adults and St. Matthias ran one
for adults; St. Matthias ran an industrial school
in Thomas Street off Brick Lane in 1892. (fn. 75) Five
other parishes in 1858 ran evening schools and
St. Bartholomew's reported that it had provided
one for four winters with little success. St. John's
was for 20 women and St. Philip's included
classes and reading for adults. Many ragged
schools ran evening classes, needed particularly
in districts where both adults and children
worked in the day-time. (fn. 76)
A total of 3,115 people were enrolled and an
average of 1,568 attended evening schools in 1871.
Of these 648 were enrolled and 463 attended
schools run by 8 parishes; 662 were enrolled
and 479 attended 2 British Schools, all but 30 of
them the large Good Shepherd schools. The
still bigger Nichol Street ragged school had an
evening roll of 1,200, although only 275 usually
attended; 270 were enrolled and 148 attended
four other ragged schools and the remainder
belonged to 5 other schools. (fn. 77)
The education provided by evening schools
shifted after the Education Act of 1870 led to
the replacement of simple teaching of the elements
by continuation classes. Stewart Headlam, the
local school board representative, headed a
campaign for continuation classes at board
schools, (fn. 78) where they existed at Wilmot Street
by 1882, (fn. 79) Cooper's Gardens by 1887, (fn. 80) Globe
Terrace by 1890, (fn. 81) Columbia Road by 1896, (fn. 82)
Somerford Street (a women's evening institute)
by 1899, (fn. 83) Chisenhale Road by 1904, (fn. 84) and
Bonner and Mowlem streets, Portman Place,
Daniel, Lawrence, Mansford, and Rochelle
streets and Wood Close by 1909. Classes were
also held at Oxford House by 1909. (fn. 85) There
were 1,673 evening scholars in 1904. (fn. 86) In 1918
there were six evening institutes: (fn. 87) Rochelle
Street for men, Daniel Street, Somerford
Street, Olga Street (probably opened in 1914), (fn. 88)
and Lawrence for women, the last described as
a junior commercial institute. Mansford Street
was a junior technical institute and the Cordwainers' technical college at no. 42 Bethnal
Green Road from 1879/1902 to 1923 provided
day and evening classes in footwear manufacture
and fancy leather goods. The Craft School
occupied nos. 137–41 Globe Road from
1879/1902 to 1905/12. (fn. 89)
By 1930 there were five evening institutes: Daniel
Street and Olga Street for women, Mansford Street
as a junior commercial and technical institute,
Stewart Headlam at Portman Place with a branch
at Pritchard's Road as a junior men's institute,
and Bethnal Green's men's institute at no. 229
Bethnal Green Road, long a social club. (fn. 90) As the
host schools closed and merged, the institutes
contracted, Pritchard's Road closing during the
war and Portman Place soon afterwards. Mansford
Street housed a junior commercial and technical section until the school closed in 1965 after
which, tenanted by a branch of St. Bernard's R.C.
school, it functioned as an evening branch of
Bethnal Green College for Further Education
which had its headquarters in Jubilee Street,
Stepney, and provided general, technical, and
commercial courses. (fn. 91) Bethnal Green women's
institute survived in 1955 but apparently not in
1964. (fn. 92) Daniel Street was replaced in 1965 by
Daneford, which was used as a branch of Bethnal
Green Institute. (fn. 93) By 1966 the latter, classed as
an adult evening educational institute, had
branches in Turin and Buckfast streets, and
in Haggerston and Shoreditch, and provided
courses at 17 other places, former University
settlements, old people's homes, clubs, and
halls. (fn. 94) By 1974 it had branches at Daneford,
Morpeth, and Olga schools. (fn. 95)
Other adult institutes included one for
community studies at no. 18 Victoria Park
Square from 1959 to 1988/92, when it was
replaced by the Open College of the Arts, (fn. 96) and
an urban studies centre on the site of St. Simon
Zelotes Vicarage in Morpeth Street from 1983. (fn. 97)
There may have been a Roman
Catholic school for girls in Bethnal Green before
the Civil War. (fn. 98) A schoolmistress Mrs. Green,
who was not a Roman Catholic, lived near the
green in 1642 and accused Balthazar Gerbier of
harbouring papist priests. Gerbier himself
opened an academy at his house on the west side
of the green in 1649 where, as an alternative to
sending sons abroad, he offered languages,
history, philosophy, mathematics, geography,
cosmography, military architecture, and the 'art
of well-speaking'. He also gave public lectures,
several of which were printed. The academy closed,
probably for financial reasons, in 1650. (fn. 99)
Shortly afterwards Bishop's Hall housed a
dissenting academy. William Walker, a schoolmaster there in 1653, (fn. 1) may have been William
ludimagister at Bishop's Hall, who 'taught school
and carried his scholars to conventicles' in 1673. (fn. 2)
Thomas Walton, an ejected minister presented
for the same offence, (fn. 3) lived in Bethnal Green from
1671 or earlier until 1674 when his assessment
for hearth tax suggests he had charge of all
Bishop's Hall. (fn. 4) One of his pupils, to whom he
taught the classics, was the biographer Edmund
Calamy (1671–1732). (fn. 5) By the late 1680s when
St. George's chapel served as a schoolhouse 'for
the use of Bishop's Hall', (fn. 6) the academy was
conducted by the Presbyterian Thomas Brand
(d. 1691), assisted by John Kerr (d. 1708),
another Presbyterian, who succeeded Brand
until John Short took over in 1692, when Kerr
went to Leyden for five years. Short became a
Congregational minister in Cannon Street
(Lond.) in 1698 but the academy probably
continued under Kerr until 1708 or later. Samuel
Palmer (d. 1724), author of Defence of the
Dissenters' Education in answer to Samuel
Wesley, described his education at Bishop's
Hall c. 1700. The course covered logic, rhetoric,
metaphysics, ethics, natural philosophy, the
classics, Hebrew, and Jewish antiquities, besides
theology. (fn. 7)
Samuel Morland, dissenter and classical
scholar, kept a school at Bethnal Green where the
mathematician William Jones (1675–1749) was a
tutor. (fn. 8) In 1694 Mrs. Palfryman kept a boarding
school and Mr. Haines a grammar school in
Bethnal Green. (fn. 9) A 'considerable boarding school'
providing an intensive Latin course was kept c.
1698 by the lexicographer Robert Ainsworth (d.
1743). (fn. 10)
With the decline in dissenting academies and
a changing social composition, the number and
quality of private schools diminished. Before
1816 the daughter of Joseph Merceron attended
a dame school run by Charlotte Cowdery. (fn. 11)
Proximity to Hackney, noted for its private
schools, probably accounted for the many early
19th-century schools in Hackney Road and
Cambridge Heath. T. W. H. Askey ran College
House in Hackney Road in 1822 (fn. 12) and eight
out of seven gentlemen's and 14 ladies'
academies in Bethnal Green were in Hackney
Road or Cambridge Road in 1828. Two of the
boys' and six of the girls' schools (one a
preparatory school) took boarders. There was
also a dancing academy in Camden Row and
a 'drawing master in landscape' in Church
Street (Bethnal Green Road). (fn. 13) The curate
established a private school c. 1832. (fn. 14) Only one
of the schools of 1828 survived until 1851, Ann
Miller's in St. Matthew's Place, Hackney Road,
with 14 girl boarders. (fn. 15) In 1851 some 87 teachers
of public and private schools were living in the
parish. (fn. 16) Ten private schools (four boys', three
girls', and three unspecified) were listed for
1855 and seven for 1863 and 1872. (fn. 17) Most
were short lived. Among the exceptions were
no. 120 Cambridge Road, established in 1843, a
middle class school providing a 'mercantile
education' for 90 pupils under the Revd. W.
Bradford in 1872, (fn. 18) Henry W. Rolfe's school at
no. 252 Bethnal Green Road from 1845 to the
1880s, (fn. 19) where 12 boys boarded in 1851, (fn. 20) and
Albion Academy or Grammar School, sometimes called Knight's school after its headmaster
George Knight, in Oxford Street off Cambridge
Road from 1851 or earlier to 1882 and possibly
1893. (fn. 21)
In 1871 there were 83 adventure schools
teaching 1,921 children. (fn. 22) They included the
Collegiate school at no. 50 Roman Road (fn. 23) and
Wellington House preparatory school in
Wellington Row, each with 85 pupils. Yelf's
school in Elwin Street off Hackney Road had 55,
mostly infants, Mrs. Mary Stillwell's infants'
school in Orange Street had 50, (fn. 24) the East
London Grammar school at no. 463 Bethnal
Green Road had 45 'of the tradesmen class', and
Mrs. Camp's school at no. 24 Warner Place off
Hackney Road had 40. Most schools, at least
50 being infants', were very small and were
condemned either for their premises, often back
rooms or cellars, or for poor teachers. Dame
schools, whether in the 1830s (fn. 25) or 1870s, were
generally used for baby-minding and were 'in no
sense educational'. (fn. 26) The schools charged between
2d. and 9d. a week for each child, generally 2d.
– 4d. for infants and more for older children.
Although found throughout the parish, schools
were clustered most thickly in East ward,
where 32 took 711 pupils.
Eight of the 13 private schools listed in 1879
lay east of Cambridge Road. The East London
Grammar school, condemned in 1871, survived
until 1902, then one of only three private schools
listed for Bethnal Green. Another was Miss
Millicent Gee's preparatory school at no. 37
Approach Road. (fn. 27) Miss Mabel Gee ran Ingleside
House school with 80 pupils at no. 22 Approach
Road from c. 1927 until between 1952 and 1958,
apparently as the only private school. (fn. 28)
Gatehouse school, opened in Sewardstone
Road in 1948 as an independent school for
the handicapped, (fn. 29) was classified in 1994 as an
independent secondary school with a roll of 300
mixed pupils aged 2–18. (fn. 30)