Die Mercurii, 4 Decembris, 1667.
JOHN Riches did this Day take the Oath of Allegiance and Supremacy, before the Speaker, at the
Clerk's Table, in order to his Naturalization.
Ordered, That Mr. Speaker do issue a Warrant to the
Clerk of the Crown, to make out a new Writ, for the
choosing of a Burgess for the Borough of Malmesbury
in the County of Wilts, in the Place of Sir Francis
Henry Lee, deceased.
Ordered, That all Committees, which were discontinued,
be revived; and do sit at Two of the Clock To-morrow in
the afternoon, in the Places formerly appointed.
Ordered, That the Committee, to which the Bill for
Lindsey Level was committed, do sit on Friday next,
notwithstanding the Sitting of any other Committee.
A Bill on the Behalf of Sir John Weld was read.
Resolved, &c. That this Bill be read the Second time
on Monday next.
Mr. Steward reports from the Committee, to which the
Bill for settling of certain Lands and Tenement of Sir
Thomas Leventhorpe Baronet, in the Counties of Hertford and Essex, was committed, some Amendments, and
Provisoes agreed to be made, by the Committee, to the
Bill: Which he read, with the Coherence; and after delivered the same in at the Clerk's Table: Which Amendments and Provisoes, being twice read, and agreed to;
Resolved, &c. That the Bill, with the Amendments
and Provisoes agreed to, be ingrossed.
Woodmongers and Inn-holders.
Ordered, That the Committee, to which the Matter
concerning Wood, Coal, and Fewelling, was committed,
do sit To-morrow in the Afternoon, in the Speaker's
An ingrossed Bill for exchanging certain Manors and
Lands of William Palmes Esquire, for other Lands settled
upon him, and his Issue, by Mary his Wife, was read.
Resolved, &c. That the Bill do pass: And that the
Title shall be, An Act for exchanging certain Manors and
Lands of William Palmes Esquire, for other Lands settled
upon him and his Issue, by Mary his Wife.
A Petition of the Masters, Wardens, and Assistants,
of the Clothiers of the West Riding of the County of
Yorke, on the Behalf of themselves, and the rest of the
Clothiers of that Riding, dwelling out of the Parish of
Leeds, was read.
Ordered, That this Petition be referred to the Committee constituted the 9th November last, to which the
Matter for Advance and Improvement of the Clothing
Trade was committed; to take the Matter of the Petition into Consideration; and, according to the Powers
and Directions given them, to report it, with their Opinions therein, to the House.
General Naturalization Bill.
The House then resumed the Debate on the Bill of
Lords desire a Conference.
A Message from the Lords, by Mr. Justice Twisden
and Mr. Justice Tirrell;
Mr. Speaker, the Lords desire a present Conference
with this House, in the Painted Chamber, touching the
Paper they received Yesterday from the Earl of Clarendon.
The Judges being again called in;
Mr. Speaker acquaints them, that the House had
agreed to the present Conference desired.
Ordered, That Mr. Waller, Mr. Trevor, Mr. Solicitor
General, Mr. Vaughan, and Sir Robert Howard, do manage the Conference.
Mr. Solicitor General reports from the Conference had
with the Lords; That his Grace the Duke of Buckingham did manage the Conference; and declared, That the
Lords had commanded him to deliver the scandalous and
seditious Paper of the Earl of Clarendon: Which they
desired might be returned again.
Which Paper was read at the Clerk's Table.
Resolved, &c. That the Paper of the Earl of Clarendon be entered in the Journal of this House.
And the same is as followeth:
To the Right honourable the Lords Spiritual and
Temporal, in Parliament assembled;
The humble Petition and Address of Edward
Earl of Clarendon.
May it please your Lordships,
Earl of Clarendon's Address.
"I Cannot express the insupportable Trouble and
Grief of Mind, I sustain, under the Apprehension of being
misrepresented to your Lordships, and when I hear how
much of your Lordships Time hath been spent upon the
Mention of me, as it is attended with more publick Consequences, and of the Differences in Opinion, which have
already, or may probably arise between your Lordships,
and the Honourable House of Commons; whereby the
great and weighty Affairs of the Kingdom may be obstructed in a Time of so general a Dissatisfaction."
"I am very unfortunate to find myself to suffer so
much under Two very disadvantageous Reflections, which
are in no Degree applicable to me."
"The First, from the Greatness of my Estate and Fortune, collected and made in so few Years; which, if it be
proportionable to what is reported, may very reasonably
cause my Integrity to be suspected."
"The Second, that I have been the sole Manager, and
chief Minister, in all the Transactions of State, since the
King's Return into England, to August last; and therefore that all Miscarriages and Misfortunes ought to be
imputed to me, and to my Counsels."
"Concerning my Estate, your Lordships will not believe, that, after Malice and Envy hath been so inquisitive
and so sharp-sighted, I will offer any thing to your Lordships, but what is exactly true: And I do assure your
Lordships, in the first Place, that, excepting from the
King's Bounty, I have never received nor taken one Peny,
but what was generally understood to be the just and lawful Perquisites of my Office, by the constant Practice of
the best Times; which I did, in my own Judgment, conceive to be that of my Lord Coventry, and my Lord Elsmore: The Practice of which I constantly observed, although the Office, in both their Times, was lawfully worth
double to what it was to me, and, I believe, now is."
"That all the Courtesies and Favours, which I have
been able to obtain from the King for other Persons in
Church or State, or in Westminster Hall, have never been
worth me Five Pounds: So that your Lordships may be
confident I am as innocent from Corruption, as from any
disloyal Thought; which, after near Thirty Years Service
of the Crown, in some Difficulties and Distresses, I did
never expect, would have been objected to me in my
"And I do assure your Lordships, and shall make it
very manifest, that the several Sums of Money, and some
Parcels of Land, which his Majesty hath bountifully bestowed upon me since his return into England, are worth
more than all I have amounts unto: So far I am from
advancing my Estate by any indirect means. And though
this Bounty of his Majesty hath very far exceeded my Merit, or my Expectation; yet some others have been as
fortunate at least in the same Bounty, who had as small
Pretences to it, and have no great Reason to envy my
"Concerning the other Imputation, of the Credit and
Power of being Chief Minister; and so causing all to be
done, that I had a Mind to; I have no more to say, than
that I had the good Fortune to serve a Master of a very
great Judgment and Understanding; and to be always
joined with Persons of great Ability and Experience;
without whose Advice and Concurrence never any thing
hath been done."
"Before his Majesty's coming into England, he was
constantly attended by the then Marquis of Ormond, the
late Lord Culpeper, and Mr. Secretary Nicholas; who
were equally trusted with myself; and without whose joint
Advice and Concurrence, when they were all present (as
some of them always were) I never gave any Counsel. As
soon as it pleased God to bring his Majesty into England,
he established his Privy Council; and shortly, out of them,
a Number of Honourable Persons, of great Reputation,
who, for the most Part, are alive, as a Committee for foreign
Affairs, and Consideration of such things, as, in the
Nature of them, required much Secrecy; and with these
Persons he vouchsafed to join me: And I am confident
this Committee never transacted any thing of Moment,
(his Majesty being always present) without presenting the
same first to the Council Board: And I must appeal to
them, concerning my Carriage; and whether we were not
all of one Mind, in all Matters of Importance."
"For more than Two Years I never knew any Difference in the Counsels, or that there were any Complaints in
the Kingdom; which I wholly impute to his Majesty's great
Wisdom, and the intire Concurrence of his Counsellors;
without the Vanity of assuming any thing to myself. And
therefore I hope I shall not be singly charged with any
thing that hath since fallen out amiss. But from the Time
that Mr. Secretary Nicholas was removed from his Place,
there were great Alterations: And whosoever knew any
thing of the Court or Councils, knew how well my Credit
hath, since that Time, been diminished; though his Majesty
graciously vouchsafed still to hear my Advice in most of
his Affairs: Nor hath there been, from that Time to this,
above One or Two Persons brought to the Council, or
preferred to any considerable Office in the Court, who
have been of my intimate Acquaintance, or suspected to
have any Kindness for me; and most of them notoriously
known to have been, very long, my Enemies, and of
different Judgments and Principles from me, both in
Church and State; and who have taken all Opportunities
to lessen my Credit with the King, and with all other
Persons, by misrepresenting and misreporting all that I
said or did; and persuading Men, that I had done them
some Prejudice with his Majesty, or crossed them in some
of their Pretensions; though his Majesty's Goodness and
Justice were such that it made little Impression upon him."
"In my humble Opinion, the great Misfortunes of the
Kingdom have proceeded from the War; to which it is
notoriously known that I was always most averse; and
may, without Vanity say, I did not only foresee, but did
declare the Mischiefs we should run into by entering into
a War, before any Alliances made with the Neighbour
Princes: And, that it may not be imputed to his Majesty's
want of Care, or the Negligence of his Counsellors, that
no such Alliances were entered into, I must take the Boldness to say, that his Majesty left nothing unattempted, in
order thereunto: And, knowing very well, that France resolved to begin a War upon Spain, as soon as his Catholick
Majesty should depart this World; which being much
sooner expected by them, they had, in the Two Winters
before, been at great Charge in providing plentiful Magazines of all Provisions upon the Frontiers; that they might
be ready for the War; his Majesty used all possible means
to prepare and dispose the Spaniard with that Apprehension; offering his Friendship to that Degree, as might be
for the Security and Benefit of both Crowns: But Spain
flattering itself that France would not break with them,
at least, that they would not give them any Cause, by administering Matter of Jealousy to them, never made any
real Approach towards a Friendship with his Majesty;
but, both by their Ambassador here, and to his Majesty's
Ambassador at Madrid, always insisted, as Preliminaries,
upon the giving up Dunkirke, Tangier, and Jamaica."
"Though France had an Ambassador here, to whom
a Project for a Treaty was offered, and the Lord Hollis,
his Majesty's Ambassador at Paris, used all Endeavours
to pursue and prosecute the said Treaty, yet it was quickly
discerned, that the principal Design of France was to
draw his Majesty into such a near Alliance, as might advance their Design; without which they had no mind to
enter into the Treaty proposed."
"And this was the State of Affairs, when the War was
entered into with the Dutch: From which Time, neither
Crown much considered the making of an Alliance with
"As I did, from my Soul, abhor the entering into this
War; so I never presumed to give any Advice or Counsel
for the Way of managing it, but by opposing many Propositions, which seemed to the late Lord Treasurer, and
myself, to be unreasonable; as, the Payment of the Seamen by Tickets; and many other Particulars, which added
to the Expence."
Earl of Clarendon's Address,
"My Enemies took all Occasions to inveigh against
me: And, making Friendship with others out of the
Council, of more licentious Principles, and who knew
well enough, how much I disliked and complained of the
Liberty they took to themselves, of reviling all Councils
and Counsellors, and turning all things serious and sacred
into Ridicule; they took all Ways imaginable, to render
me ungrateful to all sorts of Men (whom I shall be compelled to name in my Defence); persuading those, that
miscarried in any of their Designs, that it was the Chancellor's Doings: Whereof I never knew any thing. However, they could not withdraw the King's Favour from
me; who was still pleased to use my Service with others;
nor was there ever any thing done, but upon the joint
Advice of, at least, the major Part of those who were
"And, as his Majesty commanded my Service in the
late Treaties, so I never gave the least Advice in private;
nor wrote one Letter to any Person in either of those Negotiations, but upon the Advice of the Council, and after
it was read in Council, or, at least, by the King himself,
and some other: And, if I prepared any Instructions, or
Memorials, it was by the King's Command, and the Request of the Secretaries, who desired my Assistance: Nor
was it any Wish of my own, that any Ambassador should
give me any Account of the Transactions, but to the Secretaries, with whom I was always ready to advise: Nor
am I conscious to myself of having ever given Advice
that hath proved mischievous or inconvenient to his Majesty: And I have been so far from being the sole Manager of Affairs, that I have not, in the whole last Year,
been above twice with his Majesty in any Room alone,
and very seldom in the Two or Three Years preceding:
And, since the Parliament at Oxford, it hath been very
visible, that my Credit hath been very little; and that
very few things have been hearkened to which have been
proposed by me, but contradicted, eo nomine, because
proposed by me."
"I most humbly beseech your Lordships to remember
the Office and Trust I had for Seven Years, in which, in
Discharge of my Duty, I was obliged to stop and obstruct many Mens Pretences, and to refuse to set the
Seals to many Pardons, and other Grants, which would
have been profitable to those who procured them; and
many whereof, upon my Representation to his Majesty,
were for ever stopt; which naturally have raised many
Enemies to me: And my frequent concurring, upon the
Desires of the late Lord Treasurer (with whom I had the
Honour to have a long and a fast Friendship, to his
Death) in representing several Excesses and Exorbitances,
the yearly Issue so far exceeding the Revenue, provoked in
many Persons concerned, of great Power and Credit, to
do me all the ill Offices they could. And yet I may
faithfully say, that I never meddled with any Part of the
Revenue, or the Administration of it, but when I was desired by the late Lord Treasurer to give him my Assistance and Advice (having had the Honour formerly to
serve the Crown, as Chancellor of the Exchquer); which
was for the most part, in his Majesty's Presence. Nor
have I ever been, in the least Degree, concerned, in point
of Profit, in the letting any Part of his Majesty's Revenue; nor have ever treated or debated it, but in his Majesty's Presence; in which my Opinion concurred always
with the major Part of the Counsellors, who were present."
"All which, upon Examination, will be made manifest to your Lordships, how much soever my Integrity is
blasted by the Malice of those, who, I am confident, do
not believe themselves: Nor have I, in my Life, upon all
the Treaties, or otherwise, received the Value of One
Shilling from all the Kings and Princes in the World
(except the Books of the Lowvre Print, sent me by the
Chancellor of France, by that King's Direction) but from
my own Master, to whose intire Service, and to the Good
and Welfare of my Country, no Man's Heart was ever
"This being my present Condition, I do most humbly
beseech your Lordships to retain a favourable Opinion of
me, and to believe me innocent from those foul Aspersions, until the contrary shall be proved; which, I am
sure, can never be by any Men worthy to be believed.
And since the Distempers of the Times, and the Differences between the Two Houses in the present Debate,
with the Power and Malice of my Enemies, who give out
that they shall prevail . . . to prorogue or dissolve this Parliament in Displeasure, and threaten to expose me to the
Rage and Fury of the People, may make me looked upon
as the Cause which obstructs the King's Service, and the
Unity and Peace of the Kingdom; I most humbly beseech your Lordships, that I may not forfeit your Lordships Favour and Protection, by withdrawing myself from
so powerful a Prosecution, in hope that I may be able, by
such withdrawing, hereafter to appear, and make my Defence, when his Majesty's Justice, to which I shall always
submit, may not be obstructed or controuled by the Power
and Malice of those, who have sworn my Destruction."
Paper declared scanlous, and to be burnt.
Resolved, &c. That the Paper sent by the Earl of Clarendon to the Lords, and by them sent down to this
House, is scandalous and seditious; and doth reproach
the King, and the publick Justice of the Nation.
Resolved, &c. The Lords be desired, that the Paper be
burned by the Hand of the Hangman.
General Naturalization Bill.
Resolved, &c. That the further Debate of the Bill of
general Naturalization be adjourned till To-morrow
Morning, at Ten of the Clock.
And then the House adjourned till To-morrow
Morning, Eight of the Clock.