DIE Martis, videlicet, 2 die Martii,
Spirituales quam Temporales, quorum nomina subscribuntur, præsentes fuerunt:
p. Carolus Princeps Walliæ, etc.
p. Archiepus. Cant.
p. Epus. Dunelm.
p. Epus. Hereford.
p. Epus. Wigorn.
p. Epus. Roffen.
p. Epus. Co. et Lich.
p. Epus. Bath. et W.
p. Epus. Bangor.
p. Epus. Elien.
p. Epus. Oxon.
p. Epus. Cestren.
p. Epus. Landaven.
p. Epus. Sarum.
p. Epus. Exon.
p. Epus. Bristol.
|p. Epus. Lincoln, Ds. Cu- Mag. Sigilli.
Comes Midd. Magnus Thesaur. Angliæ.
p. Vicecomes Maundevill, Præs. Concilii Domini Regis.
p. Comes Wigorn, Ds. Custos Privati Sigilli.
p. Dux Buck. Magnus Admirall. Angliæ.
p. Comes Oxon. Magnus Camer. Angliæ.
p. Comes Arundell et Surr. Comes Marescallus Angliæ.
p. Comes Cantabr. Senesc. Hospitii.
p. Comes Pembroc, Camer. Hospitii.
p. Comes Kanciæ.
p. Comes Rutland.
p. Comes South'ton.
p. Comes Essex.
p. Comes Lincoln.
p. Comes Dorset.
p. Comes Sarum.
p. Comes Mountgomery.
p. Comes Bridgwater.
p. Comes Leicestriæ.
p. Comes North'ton.
p. Comes Warwic.
p. Comes Devon.
p. Comes Holdernesse.
p. Comes Carlile.
p. Comes Denbigh.
p. Comes Anglisey.
p. Vicecomes Wallingford.
p. Vicecomes Maunsfeild.
p. Vicecomes Rochford.
p. Vicecomes Andever.
p. Ds. Willoughby.
p. Ds. Delaware.
p. Ds. Berkley.
p. Ds. Morley et M.
Ds. Dacres de H.
p. Ds. Stourton.
Ds. Herbert de Sh.
p. Ds. Darcy de Men.
p. Ds. Windsore.
p. Ds. Mordant.
Ds. St. John de Bas.
p. Ds. Cromewell.
p. Ds. Sheffeild.
p. Ds. Paget.
p. Ds. North.
p. Ds. St. John de Bl.
p. Ds. Howard de W.
p. Ds. Russell.
Ds. Grey de Groby.
p. Ds. Petre.
p. Ds. Say et Seale.
p. Ds. Denny.
p. Ds. Stanhope de H.
p. Ds. Carew.
Ds. Arundell de W.
Ds. Stanhope de Sh.
p. Ds. Noel.
p. Ds. Brooke.
p. Ds. Mountague.
p. Ds. Cary de Lep.
p. Ds. Grey de W.
THE Lord Treasurer is added to the Committee for
View of the Munitions.
The House is adjourned ad libitum.
Mr. Attorney General read this Letter following: videlicet,
"Most Gracious Sovereign,
L. Digby's Letter to the King, concerning the Prince's Match.
"It may please Your Majesty to remember, that, at
my coming out of Spaine, I signified unto Your Majesty how far the Duke of Lerma had, upon several
Occasions, intimated unto me an extraordinary Desire
of this King and State, not only to maintain Peace and
Amity with Your Majesty, but to lay hold of all
Means that might be offered for the nearer uniting of
Your Majesties and Your Crowns; and that, from
this Generality, he had descended often to have Discourse with me of a Match for the Prince his Highness with the Second Daughter of Spaine; assuring
me, that, in this King, and His Ministers, there was
a very forward Disposition thereunto; but from me
he then received no other Answer, but to this Effect:
That I, in the Treaty of the former Match for the late
Prince, had received so strange (fn. *) and unexpected an
Answer from them, and that their Demands had seemed so unproper and unworthy, that I conceived Your
Majesty had little Reason to be induced again to give
Ear to any such Overture, or that I should again enter
into any such Treaty, much less to be the Motioner thereof; although I would confess, that, if I were fully
persuaded of the Sincerity of their Intentions, and of
a Possibility of having the said Match effected, I knew
not any Thing wherein I would more willingly employ
my Endeavours; but, as the Case now stood, I was certain, that, if I should but make any such Motion in England, I should but draw an Imputation of much Weakness upon myself, and no whit advance the Cause;
for that Your Majesty and Your Ministers would make
no other Construction of that Motion, but that it was
only to abuse Your Majesty, and to divert the Match
of Fraunce, which was then treated of; for that Your
Majesty, who but the Year before had received so unpleasing and unequal an Answer, should now be persuaded that there was here so great a Change as that a
Match was really desired, there would now need more
than ordinary Assurance. But the Duke of Lerma
continuing several Times in the same Profession, and
telling me besides, that the greatest Cases might be altered by Circumstances; and that the Age of this
Prince was much more proper than that of his Brother; I freely let the Duke know, that, in case I
might see that it was really desired here, and that I
might be able to propound unto my Master Conditions
of so much Advantage and Certainty as might put Him
and His Ministers out of Doubt, that this Overture was
not again revived from hence, either for Diversion or
winning of Time, I would then willingly intimate unto
Your Majesty the Inclination and Desire I found here, of
having a Proposition for this Match once again set on
Foot. The Duke told me, that he would have a further Conference with me; and that he no ways doubted, but then to give me such Satisfaction as might well
assure both Your Majesty and Your Ministers, that
they sincerely desired the Match in general, and would
omit nothing on their Side for the accommodating of
Particulars, that might give Furtherance unto it. But
the very Night before the Duke had appointed a
Meeting with me, there came a Post, dispatched out
of England, from the Spanish Ambassador, upon the
Arrival of Sir Thomas Edmunds in Englande, who
brought Word that the Match with France was absolutely concluded, and that within few Days it was to
be published. Whereupon the Duke, at our Meeting the next Morning, told me, that it would be
needless now to descend to any Particulars in the Business whereof we were to treat, since that they had
newly received Advertisement that the Match with
France was fully concluded; and thus, for that present,
the Matter rested until some Five or Six Weeks after, about
which Time myself was to go into England; and so taking
Leave of the Duke, he asked me, Whether I had not
received Advertisement, that the Match with France
was published? I told him no; but that I had certainly heard, that it was not as yet fully concluded; whereupon he entreated me, that, in Case I found not
the French Match in such Forwardness as it could not
be staid, I would let him know of it; and that, if I
should see any Kind of Possibility that the Business
we had spoken of might be set on Foot, I would advertise him; and that thereupon he would proceed to
those Particulars, which he formerly intended, for my
"Herewith I acquainted Your Majesty; and, finding that the Spanish Ambassador in England had
Notice from the Duke of our former Proceedings, and
Order to further them by all possible Means he could,
especially if he should understand that Your Majesty
were not fully resolved of the French Match, I thought
it fit, by his Means, to let the Duke understand in what
Estate I found those Businesses in England; and thereupon, with Your Majesty's Permission, wrote a Letter
unto him, to this Effect:
"That, although it were true, that the Match with
France had been treated of with much Earnestness on
both Sides, and with great Likelihood of being concluded, yet there daily arose so many Difficulties and
new Cases of Delay, that I judged it far from any
perfect Conclusion; neither did I see Cause absolutely
to despair of the Businesses which ourselves pretended,
unless the Difficulties of the Conditions should make
it desperate; but, if those Things should be expected
by Sp. which in the Treaty for the late Prince were
demanded, it were better by much not to renew the
Business, than, by impossible or unfitting Propositions
on either Side, to give Distaste, or lessen the Friendship which now was betwixt Your Majesties. And
therefore, except that in Spaine they would be contented with such Conditions, as Your Majesty might
fittingly and conveniently yield unto, and all other
Catholic Princes were willing to content themselves
with, I neither saw Cause to hope for good Success,
nor Reason to set the Treaty on Foot; but, in case
that I might know that the Conditions in Point of Religion might be such as I should see a Possibility of
Your Majesty's condescending unto them, I should be
far from despairing of some good Effect; for that I
knew, that divers, not of the meanest, nor least Power with Your Majesty, were thereunto well inclined,
and would give their Helping-Hands, &c."
"Hereupon the Spanish Ambassador dispatched his
Secretary into Spaine, and received Answer from the
Duke, that he should give me all Assurance that
there was here a great Desire and Inclination to the
making of the Match; and that, at my Return into
Spaine, they no way doubted but I should receive such
Satisfaction as should make it appear, that, on their
Part, there should be nothing wanting for the effecting
of it. It now remaineth, that I signify unto Your Majesty what hath passed herein since my last coming to
this Court. I arrived here in Madrid only a Day or
Two before their Christmas; and, having some Six
Days after my Audience appointed by the King, whilst
I was in a Withdrawing-chamber expecting the King's
coming forth, the Duke of Lerma came thither to
bear me Company; and, after many respectful Demands of Your Majesty's and the Queen's and
Prince's Health, and some few Compliments unto myself, concerning my Welcome again unto this Court,
he fell to speak of the false Alarms we had had in
England, concerning a Spanish Armada; seeming much
to be displeased, that any Credit should be given to
any Thing to his Master's Dishonour and Want of Fidelity (as he termed it); but Your Majesty, he said,
did never believe it; and it seems he had heard of
some pleasant Answer Your Majesty should make to so no
one of Your Ministers, that in great Haste came unto
Your Majesty when You were a Hunting, and told
You, that the Spanish Fleet was in The Sleeve. From
this he entered into great Protestations of the Sincerity of this King's Affection and Intention towards Your
Majesty, telling me, that I should now see how much
they desired to work a greater Nearness and Uniting
between Your Majesties; and that, of the principal
Business of which we had in former Time spoken
(meaning the Marriage), he desired to speak with 11°,
but it must be at more Leisure: I answered him, that
I would not fail shortly to wait on him, and that he
should find me answerable to the Professions I had
made; which was, that being induced thereunto by
such sufficient and good Grounds as might satisfy my
Master, both for the Conveniency or Fittingness of having such a Treaty to be set on Foot, and likewise might
take away all Objections of their Intents of entertaining
and diverting Your Majesty hereby, I would be as
ready to do all good Offices, and give Furnherance to
the Business, as any Minister the King of Spaine had
And this was all that, at our first Meeting, passed in
this Business. About some Eight Days after, I having not all this Time stirred out of my House, under the
Colour of being in disposed, though the Truth was indeed, to inform myself of some Particulars which concerned Your Majesty's Service before I would speak
with the Duke; he, being, as I have since understood,
somewhat troubled, that, in all this Time, I made no
Means to come unto him, one Morning, by Nine of
the Clock, very privately came to my House, without
advertising of his coming (as the Custom is here) untill his Coach staid at my Gate; and then he sent in a
Gentleman to me, telling me, that the Duke was there
to speak with me. When I had conducted the Duke into a Room where we were private, he fell into the
aforesaid Matter, and in the Manner as I shall here
set down unto Your Majesty, without making any
other Pretence or Intent of his coming, or without
using, in the Space of an Hour, any Speech touching
any other Business.
"After some few Questions of Your Majesty and the
Queen, he began to ask many Things of the Prince, as
of his Age, his Stature, his Health, his Inclination,
to what Sports he was chiefly given; and then suddenly, as it were, with a passionate Expression of Affection, he desired God to bless him, and to make him
the Means by which Your Majesties might be conjoined
in a nearer Alliance, and Your Kingdoms in a perpetual Amity; saying unto me, That he was out of
Doubt of my good Inclination to this Business, both by
what had formerly passed between ourselves, as likewise
by my Proceedings in England, whereof he had been
fully informed by the Spanish Ambassador; and therefore he would, in few Words, deal with me with
much Freeness and Clearness; assuring himself he
should receive the like Measure from me; and thereupon entered into a solemn Protestation, how much
this King desired the Match; and for himself, he solemnly swore, there was no one Thing in the World
he more desired to see before he died, than the effecting thereof: But, my Lord Ambassador (said he), you
must deal as justly with me, to let me understand,
whether you conceive the like Desire to be in the
King of England and His Ministers; and then I shall
proceed to speak further unto you. I answered the
Duke, that I ever esteemed more the Reputation of
a Man of Truth and Integrity than of Skill and Subulty, which I did hope he would well perceive by what
I was to say; for that I was much more desirous
fairly to go off from this Business than easily to enter
into it. And therefore, if he would have me speak
my Conscience, I neither conceived that, either in
Your Majesty or any of Your Ministers, there was
any Kind of Inclination thereunto; for that, they
having formerly given so resolute and distasteful an
Answer, Your Majesty had just Cause never again
to cast so much as Your Thoughts this Way; and
thought it might be already, that the Fitness of the
Prince's Years, and other Civil Regards, might cause
new Resolutions, yet the Differences of Religion
were still the same; and the same were the Tenets and
Opinions of Divines in Matter of Conscience; and
therefore it could not but be a Thing of great Difficulty to persuade Your Majesty and Your Ministers
that a Match should be hearkened unto, much less desired from hence, but upon the same Terms, the very
Thought and Remembrance whereof is yet unpleasing
in England; so that, to deal plainly with him, I neither found, either in Your Majesty or in the Council,
any Kind of Thought, or Imagination, of any Possibility of having any such Motion again revived; but this
I found not to grow from any particular Dislike, or
Want of Affection, in Your Majesty, towards Spaine,
or that many of the greatest or principallest Persons
in Englande judged not the Nearness and Alliance with
Spaine equally valuable with any other of Christendom; but that, out of a Distastefulness of the former Answers given from hence, all Expectations of any
Businesses of this Nature were absolutely extinguished; and therefore again to revive it, there would
need more than ordinary Endeavours, or ordinary Assurances; but, in case that they might be given, I
knew that this Match would neither want Well-wishers
nor Assisters; and, for my own Part, I would freely
make Professions, that no Man more desired it than
myself, or would more willingly employ his Endeavours
for the furthering thereof, when, by the descending to
Particulars, I should see, both in regard of the Conditions, and the Assurance of sincere Proceeding, the
Motion worthy and fit, by a discreet and good Servant,
to be offered unto his Master; neither then should I
wholly be out of Hope of good Success, though I
could not but esteem it a Business of infinite Difficulties.
"The Duke replied, that any Course I thought fit
herein should be condescended unto; for that all Time
was lost that was spent in Generalities; and therefore,
if I so liked, he would move this King, that some One
or Two besides himself might be appointed to have
Conference with me; for that, if he should only retain
it in his Hands, by reason of his many Occupations,
it would have a slower Progress than he wished; but,
if we would, by way of Conference, digest the Difficulties into Heads and Particulars, he would, as
often as he might, be present at our Meetings: But,
for his own Part, he said, he apprehended few, but
what would arise out of Difference of Religion.
"I told the Duke, that I very well approved of the
descending into Particulars, neither should I refuse
Conference with any herein whom the King should appoint to speak with me; but, if his Meaning were
that these Persons should be nominated or joined by
way of Commission, I thought fit to let him understand, that I neither had any Time, nor did at the present speak of this Business either by Order or Direcon, no, nor so much as by Your Majesty's Privity; but,
as a Minister that desired to lay hold of all Occasions for
the increasing of further Love and Nearness betwixt
his Master and the Prince by whom he is employed, I
should be glad, to the utmost of my Power, to advance
and further this Cause, as that which I aprehended
to be the greatest which the World now affordeth for
the firm uniting of Your Majesties and Your Estates.
The Duke told me, that this King would make no
Scruple to declare his good Inclination and Desire to
have this Match proceeded in; and that, for the accommodating of the Difficulties, he had already used
divers Offices and Diligences with the Pope, as likewise with (fn. *) the greatest Divines of this Kingdom,
whereof he named some unto me, whom, he said, he
found very well inclined unto the Match. He told me
also, he would be glad they might speak with me, to
the End I might truly understand by them all Kind of
Scruples that could be alledged. I answered, that
I desired nothing more; and that I could not but approve of these Courses he prescribed, as the most
probable to produce a good Effect; and that I hoped
God would give a happy Success unto the Business.
But I should be bold in one Thing to deliver my Opinion, which was, no ways to interest our Masters herein,
unless, by the understanding and clearing of the Difficulties on both Sides, there should be a great Appearance and Probability that the Business would take
Effect; for, if their Names should be therein used, and
after the Treaty should not be successful, it would
but exasperate and breed a greater Distaste betwixt
Your Majesties. The Duke told me, he misliked not
my Opinion; though he said, that howsoever the Business succeeded, yet Your Majesty should have Reason
to accept kindly this King's good Intentions; for that,
if it miscarried, it should appear not to be through
their Default, but that they had stretched as far as
Honour or Conscience would give them Leave; and
thus much, he said, I might write unto Your Majesty,
if I thought fit, or to my confident Friends in England, upon his Word and Assurance; and so, telling
me that he would presently appoint those that should
confer with me in this Business, we then parted.
"Within two Days after, I went to the Duke; and,
after I had spoken unto him of the Business of Cleoves,
according to my Instruction (whereof I give an Account to Mr. Secretary in a Dispatch directed unto
him), we fell again into Speech of the Match.
"The Duke told me, that he had well considered of
that which I had said unto him, and much approved
it, not to interest our Masters in the Business, till we
should see some Likelihood of good Success.
And, for that he supposed the Difference of Religion like to prove the only Difficulty of Consideration, he thought it fit, that it should first be cleared;
and therefore he would break the Matter with the
Cardinal of Tolledo and the King's Confessor, and with
them should be joined another learned Man, one Father Frederick, who, since I understand, is a Jesuit,
but truly hath the Report of a moderate Man. These,
the Duke said, should have Order to confer with me,
and Charge to go as far as might be, reserving safe
the Grounds and Sincerity of their Religion. I answered the Duke, that I was well satisfied herewith;
and that, if their Demands were such as might content
any other Catholick Prince, I should have Hope
of good Success; if otherwise, I should yet judge it
a Happiness to be put out of Doubt and Suspence;
and so we passed from this Subject.
I presume to set down unto Your Majesty all the
Passages of this Business with so much Length and
Fulness, for that I no way dare adventure to offer to
Your Majesty any Opinion or Belief of my own, either for the Fitness of the Match, or for the Sincerity
of their Intention, or the Possibility of accommodating
Differences of Religion; but Your Majesty, seeing undisguisedly all that hath hitherto passed, with every
Circumstance, may be pleased, out of the Consideration and Knowledge of these Particulars, to frame unto Yourself both such a Belief of their direct Meaning, and such a Resolution for the further Proceeding
herein, as shall be most suitable to Your Majesty's
Wisdom; only I shall think it fit to set down further
unto Your Majesty the particular Ends which may be
conceived they aim at, by setting this Business on Foot
at this present, in case they should not intend really
to perform it; the First may be, to stagger and divert
Your Majesty's Treaty with France; the Second, for
the entertaining Your Majesty with fair Hopes and
Promises, thereby to keep You from declaring Yourself opposite unto them, in the present Business of Juliers and Cleves, it remaining still uncompounded; but,
this being so, Your Majesty may be pleased to understand that they serve themselves with this Occasion,
not that there could any such Thing be primarily in
their Intention; for that the Expression of their Desire to the Match was the last Year long before these
"Further, the Duke of Lerma should be the most
false and dishonourable Man living, without Christianity or Soul, if he should voluntarily so deeply damn
himself with Oaths and Protestations of a Thing that
he sincerely meant not; and truly he should deal
contrary to the Wisdom of his other Proceedings,
wherein he layeth all Actions of Distaste or Discourtesy upon other inferior Ministers, labouring still to clear
himself of the Imputation of them, if in this he should
make himself the Author and Instrument of so indirect
and unjust Proceeding between Princes. But the
Course of most Security and Caution is, that Your
Majesty suffer none of Your other Resolutions to be
interrupted by this Overture; only, if Your Majesty
be pleased for a-while to entertain and suspend the
Conclusion of the Match with France, I conceive it
can be little to Your Majesty's Disadvantage.
"It lastly now remaineth, that I become an humble
Suitor to Your Majesty for Your clear and full Directions in this Business; desiring (fn. *) that, if Your Majesty
will have it further entertained, I may have ample Instructions from Your Majesty, both that I may intimate what may be expected in Point of Dowry, and in
all other Things to be required by Your Majesty, as
likewise how far I may proceed in satisfying them in
Point of Religion; for it is not to be supposed, that
they will proceed with that Freeness and Directness
which is to be wished, unless in a fitting Measure they
shall see me likewise able and willing to declare myself
in such Points wherein they may expect Satisfaction. I
intend not hereby to move for a formal Commission to
treat, but only a private Instruction, for my Direction
and Warrant how to behave myself as may be most advantageous to the Cause and Your Majesty's Ends.
So, humbly beseeching Your Majesty to command this
Bearer to be dispatched back with all convenient
Speed, I recommend Your Majesty to the Holy Protection of God.
"Your Majesty's faithful Subject
Madrid, the 3d of Jan. 1624.
Methodes of Procedingto be observed at the Conference this Afternoon.
Their Lordships, well weighing the Contents of this
Letter, (fn. †) debated who shall make the Induction to the
Conference this Afternoon with the Commons touching
this great Business, and what shall be there declared unto them; and being resolved thereof, the House was
resumed; and it was Agreed, That the Lord Keeper
shall, at this Conference, begin with an Induction out of
the Duke of Buckingham's Narration, and then deliver
unto the Commons, that the Opinion of this House is,
To advise His Majesty, super totam materiam, That His
Majesty cannot, with the Safety of His own Honour,
Conveniency of Religion, and the State, proceed any
further in the Treaty for the Prince's Match, nor rely
any longer on the Treaty for Recovery of the Palatinate.
This the Lord Keeper shall deliver to be the Opinion
of this House, if the Commons shall concur with their
Matters to be communicated to the H.C. at the Conference.
It was then also Agreed, That the Lord Keeper shall
deliver unto the Commons, at this Conference, by way
1. Concerning the Treaty of the Marriage, That it
appeared by the Earl of Bristoll's Dispatch, 3° Novembris, 1614, that the first Motion came from Spaine, videlicet, the Duke of Lerma, not from England.
2. Concerning the Treaty of Restitution of the Palatinate, That the King of Spaine had promised Assistance
by Arms, in case Mediation should not prevail, though
now He had denied it again. This appeared out of another Dispatch of the Earl of Bristoll.
3. An Heroical Answer of the Prince his Highness,
That, when it was noised he should be detained (as Prisoner in Spaine), he sent Word by Grymes to the King,
that, in case News should come thither of his Detention,
His Majesty would be pleased to think of him no more as
a Son, but to reflect with all His Royal Thoughts upon his
Sister, and the Welfare of His own Estates and Kingdoms.
Their Lordships also thought it fit, fot the expediting
of the Delivery of this Advice unto His Majesty (if
the Commons shall agree in Opinion with their Lordships), That a Committee of each House may confer,
and set down the Reasons of this their Advice, for His
Majesty's Satisfaction, if He shall demand the same.
Committee to attend His Majesty with the Advice of both Houses, if the Commons consent to it.
And as no Time be lost (if the Commons shall so
agree), their Lordships did now also name the said Committee: videlicet,
L. Archbp. of Cant.
D. of Buckingham.
E. of Oxford.
E. of South'ton.
L. Bp. of London.
L. Bp. of Duresm.
L. Bp. of Co. and Lich.
L. Bp. of Bath and Wells.
L. Bp. of St. Asaph.
L. St. John.
L. Grey of G.
L. Say et Seale.
|Lord Viscount Grandison,
The Two Chief Justices, and
Mr. Attorney General,
|To attend the Lords.
Time and Place of Meeting not now appointed.
Message from the H. C. that they will attend the Conference.
Message from the House of Commons, by Sir Edward
Cooke and others: That the Knights, Citizens, and Burgesses of the Commons House of Parliament, will give
the Lords a Meeting, at a Conference, at Two this Afternoon, in the Hall at Whitehall, as is desired.
E. of Holderness's Privilege. Scott's Arrest.
Robert Plaile, an Under-bailiff of Westm. was brought
before their Lordships, to answer his Contempt in the
Arrest of John Scott, a known Servant of the Earl of
Holdernes, and, by Order of the Court, was committed to
The Fleet, for the said Offence.
Dominus Custos Magni Sigilli declaravit præsens Parliamentum continuandum esse usque in diem crastinum,
videlicet, diem Mercurii, tertium diem instantis Martii,
Dominis sic decernentibus.