Ia Sessio, Anno 3° Caroli Regis.
DIE Lunæ, 17 die Martii,
Anno Regni Serenissimi
Domini nostri Caroli, Dei Gratia, Angliæ, Scotiæ,
Franciæ, et Hiberniæ Regis, Fidei Defensoris, etc. 3,
1627, Domini tam Spirituales quam Temporales, quorum nomina subscribuntur, præsentes fuerunt:
p. Epus. Winton.
p. Epus. Hereforden.
p. Epus. Norwicen.
p. Epus. Roffen.
p. Epus. Co. et Lich.
p. Epus. Oxon.
p. Epus. Meneven.
p. Epus. Sarum.
Epus. Bath. et Well.
p. Epus. Bristol.
p. Epus. Gloucestren.
p. Epus. Carliol.
p. Epus. Exon.
p. Epus. Landaven.
|p. ThomasCoventrie, Miles, Ds. Cust.Mag. Sigilli.
Comes Marleborough, Mag. Thesaurarius Angliæ.
p. Comes Maunchester, Præs. Concilii Domini Regis.
p. Dux Buckingham, Mag. Admirall.
p. Comes Lindsey, Mag. Camerar.
p. Comes Arundell et Surr. Comes Mares.
p. Comes Pembroc, Senescallus Hospitii.
p. Comes Mountgomery, Camerar. Hospitii.
p. Comes Kantii (pill.)
p. Comes Rutland (gla.)
p. Comes Sussex.
p. Comes Bedford.
p. Comes Hertford.
p. Comes Essex.
p. Comes Lincoln.
p. Comes Nottingham.
p. Comes Suffolciæ.
p. Comes Dorsett.
p. Comes Sarum.
p. Comes Exon.
p. Comes Bridgewater.
p. Comes Leicestriæ.
p. Comes North'ton.
p. Comes Warwic.
p. Comes Devon.
p. Comes Angles.
p. Comes Holland.
p. Comes Clare.
p. Comes Bolingbrooke.
p. Comes Westmerland.
p. Comes Berk.
p. Comes Totines.
p. Comes Monmouth.
p. Comes Norwicen.
p. Comes Rivers.
p. Comes Newcastle.
p. Comes Dover.
p. Comes Petriburgh.
p. Vicecomes Say et Seale.
p. Vicecomes Wimbleton.
p. Vicecomes Savage.
p. Vicecomes Conway.
p. Vicecomes Bayninge.
p. Ds. Percy.
p. Ds. Delawarr.
p. Ds. Morley et Mount.
p. Ds. Dacres.
p. Ds. Dudley.
p. Ds. Stourton.
p. Ds. Darcy.
p. Ds. Vaux.
p. Ds. St. John de Bas.
p. Ds. Pagett.
p. Ds. North.
p. Ds. Compton.
Ds. Grey de Groby.
p. Ds. Petre.
p. Ds. Spencer.
p. Ds. Stanhope de Har.
Ds. Arundell de War.
Ds. Stanhope de Sh.
p. Ds. Noel.
p. Ds. Kymbolton.
p. Ds. Mountague.
p. Ds. Grey de Warke.
p. Ds. Tregoze.
p. Ds. Tuston.
p. Ds. Craven.
p. Ds. Mountjoy.
p. Ds. Fawconbridge.
p. Ds. Lovelace.
p. Ds. Pawlett.
p. Ds. Harvy.
p. Ds. Brudnell.
THIS Day the Lords and Commons being present,
His Majesty Himself began to shew the Cause of summoning the Parliament, on this Manner: videlicet,
"My Lords and Gentlemen,
The King's Speech.
"These Times are for Action; wherefore, for Example Sake, I mean not to spend much Time in
Words; expecting accordingly, that your (as I hope)
good Resolutions will be speedy, not spending Time
unnecessarily, or (that I may better say) dangerously;
for tedious Consultations, at this Conjuncture of Time,
is as hurtful as ill Resolutions.
"I am sure you now expect from Me both to know
the Cause of your Meeting, and what to resolve on;
yet I think there is none here, but knows what common Danger is the Cause of this Parliament, and that
Supply at this Time is the chief End of it; so that I
need but to point to you what to do. I will use but
few Persuasions; for, if to maintain your own Advices, and (as now the Case stands by the following
thereof) the true Religion, the Laws, Liberties of
this State, and the just Defence of our true Friends
and Allies, be not sufficient, no Eloquence of Men
or Angels will prevail.
"Only let Me remember you, that My Duty most of
all, and every one of yours according to his Degree,
is, to seek the Maintenance of this Church and Commonwealth; and certainly there was never a Time in
which this Duty was more necessarily required than
"I, therefore, judging a Parliament to be the ancient,
speediest, and best Way, in this Time of common
Danger, to give such Supply as to secure ourselves,
and to save our Friends from imminent Ruin, have
called you together: Every Man now must do according to his Conscience; wherefore if you (which
God forbid) should not do your Duties in contributing
what this State at this Time needs, I must, in Discharge of My Conscience, use those other Means
which God hath put into My Hands, to save that
that the Follies of particular Men may otherwise hazard to lose.
"Take not this as a Threatening (for I scorn to
threaten any but My Equals), but an Admonition
from Him, that, both out of Nature and Duty, hath
most Care of your Preservations and Prosperities, and
hopes (though I thus speak) that your Demeanours at
this Time will be such, as shall not only approve your
former Counsels, but lay on Me such Obligations as
shall tie Me by Way of Thankfulness to meet often
with you; for, be assured, that nothing can be more
pleasing unto Me, than to keep a good Correspondency
"I will only add One Thing more, and then leave
the Keeper to make a short Paraphrase upon the Text
I have delivered you; which is, to remember a
Thing to the End we may forget it: You may imagine I came here with a Doubt of good Success of
what I desire, remembering the Distractions at the
last Meeting; but I shall assure you, that I shall very
easily and gladly forget and forgive what's past, so
that you will at this Time leave the former Ways of
Distractions, and follow the Counsel lately given you,
To maintain the Unity of the Spirit in the Bond of Peace."
The King's Speech being ended; the Lord Keeper
conferred with His Majesty, and then spake as followeth: videlicet,
The Ld. Keeper's Speech.
"My Lords, and you the Knights, Citizens, and
Burgesses of the House of Commons; if I had been
delighted in long speaking, yet the Example and
Commandment of His Majesty had been more than
enough to refrain the Superfluity of that Humour:
But there is yet more; for that short and excellentcompacted Speech, which you have heard from His
Majesty, begins with a Reason. It is a Time for Action, not for Speech; Examples and Commandments
master the Will, and Reason masters the Understanding; and therefore you may expect from me nothing
but Brevity: You have heard the Matter already,
and I doubt not but with much Reverence, as the
Weight and Authority of it requires. You have imprinted it in your Minds; and, the Matter being
known, long Speech from me were but babbling to beat
the Air. You are here assembled in Parliament, by
His Majesty's Writ and Royal Commandment, to consult and conclude of the weighty and urgent Businesses
of the King and Kingdom; weighty it is and great,
as great as the Honour, Safety and Protection of our
Religion, our King and Country; and what can be
greater? Urgent it is; it is little Pleasure to tell or
think how urgent; and to tell it with all material
Circumstances were a long Work. I will but touch
the Sum of it; and in few Words: The Pope and
House of Austria have long affected, the One a Spiritual, the Other a Temporal Monarchy; and, to
effect their Ends, do join together, to serve each
other's Turns. The House of Austria, besides their
vast and rich Territories in both the Indies and in
Africa, are become Masters of Spaine and the great
Country of Germany; and, although France be not
under their Subjection, yet they have now environed
it all about, and (in the very Bowels of that Kingdom,
swayed by the Popish Faction) have gotten such a
Party, and such Interest in the Government, that,
by Pretence of aiding to root out the Protestants and
our Religion, they have drawn that King to their Adherence so far, that, albeit upon His Majesty's Interposition by His Ambassadors, and Engagement of His
Royal Word for just Performance, the War between
that King and His Subjects of the Religion were
quieted, and His Majesty, as Protector of that Treaty,
was interested and bound to procure a due Accomplishment; yet, against it and the strict Alliance between His Majesty and that King, the Treaty hath
been broken, and those of the Religion put to all
Extremities, and undoubtedly will be ruined, without present Help; so as the King is not only diverted
from assisting the Common Cause, but hath been
misled to engage Himself in Hostile Acts against our
King and other Princes, making Way thereby for
the House of Austria, to the Ruin of His own and
other Kingdoms. Other Potentates, that in former
Time did balance and interrupt the growing Oreatness
of the House of Austria, are now removed and diverted. The Turk hath made Peace with the Emperor, and turned himself wholly into Wars in Asia.
The King of Sweden is embroilled in a War with Poland, which is fomented by the Spanish Practices, to
keep that King from succouring our Party. The
King of Denmarke is chased out of His Dominions on
this Side The Sounde; so as the House of Austria is
on the Point to command all the Sea-coast from Dantzick to Emden, and all the Rivers falling into the Sea
in that great Extent; so as, besides their Power by
Land, they begin to threaten our Party by Sea, to
the Subversion of all our Trade in the Baltique Sea.
They are now providing and arming all the Ships
they can build or hire, and have at this Time their
Ambassadors treating at Lubeck, to draw into their
Service The Hauns Towns; whereby taking from us
and our Neighbours the Eastland Trade, by which
our Shipping is supplied, they expect, without any
Blow given, to make themselves absolute Masters of
"In these Western Parts, by the Dunkerkers and
by the new French and Spanish Admirals, they ruin
the Fishing, of infinite Consequence both to us and
The Low Countries. They infest all our Coasts, so
that we pass not safely from Port to Port; and that
Fleet which lately assisted the French at the Isle of
Ree is now preparing at St. Andreas, with other Ships
built on the Coast of Bisca to reinforce it; and a
great Fleet is making ready at Lisborne, where, besides their own, they do serve themselves upon all
Strangers Bottoms, coming to that Coast for Trade.
And these great Preparations are, no Doubt, to assault us in England or Ireland, as they shall find Advantage, and a Party fit for their Turn. Our Friends
of The Netherlands (besides the Fear that justly troubleth them, lest the whole Force of the Empire may
fall down upon them) are distracted by their long
Voyages into The East, which hath carried both their
Men and Money into another World, and weakened
and almost divided them at Home. Thus are we
ready on all Sides to be swallowed up; the Emperor,
Fraunce, and Spaine being in open Wars with us, Germany over-run, the King of Denmarke distressed, the
King of Sweeden diverted, and The Low Countrymen
disabled to give us Assistance. I speak not this to increase Fear, unworthy of English Courages, but to
press Provision worthy of the Wisdom of a Parliament.
And for that Cause His Majesty hath called you hither, that, by a timely Provision against these great
and imminent Dangers, ourselves may be strengthened
at Home, our Friends and Allies encouraged Abroad,
and these great Causes of Fear scattered and dispelled.
And because, in all Warlike Preparations, Treasure
bears the Name and holds the Semblance of the
Nerves and Sinews; and, if a Sinew be too short or
too weak, if it be either strained or shrunk, the Part
becomes unuseful, it is needful that you do make a
good and timely Supply of Treasure, without which
all Counsels will prove fruitless. I might press many
Reasons to this End: I will but name a few.
"First, for His Majesty's Sake, it requires it. Great
is the Duty that we owe Him by the Law of God,
great by the Law of Nature and natural Allegiance,
great for His own Merit, and the Memory of His
"I do but point at them; but, methinks, if our
Thoughts but recoil on one Consideration touched by
His Majesty, which to me seems to sound like a Parliamentary (fn. *) Pact, or Covenant.
"A War was advised here; Assistance professed; yea,
and protested here: I do but touch it. I know you
will deeply think of it; and the more for the Example
the King hath set you: His Lands, His Plate and
Jewels He hath not spared, to supply the War: What
the People have protested, the King on His Part hath
"Secondly, for the Cause Sake; it concerns us, in
Christian Charity, to tender the Distresses of our
Friends Abroad; it concerns us in Honour not to
abandon them that have stood for us; and, if these
come not close enough, you shall find our Interest so
woven and involved with theirs, that the Cause is
more ours than theirs. If Religion be in Peril, we
have the most flourishing and orthodox Church. If
Honour be in Question, the Stories and Monuments of
former Ages will shew that our Ancestors left as much
as any Nation. If Trade and Commerce be in Danger, we are Islanders; it is our Life. All these at
(fn. †) once lie at the Stake, and (fn. ‡) so doth our very Safety
"Lastly, in respect of the Manner of His Majesty's
Demand, which is in Parliament, the Way that hath
ever best pleased the Subjects of England; and good
Cause for it, for Aid granted in Parliament worketh
good Effects for the People; they be commonly accompanied with gracious Pardons, and the like. Besides, just and good Kings, finding the Love of their
People, and the Readiness of their Supplies, may the
better forbear the Use of their Prerogatives; and
moderate the Rigour of Their Laws towards Their
Subjects. This Way, as His Majesty Himself hath told
you, (fn. ‡) He hath chosen, not as the only Way, but as
the fittest; not as destitute of others, but as most
agreeable to the Goodness of His own gracious Disposition, and to the Desire and Weal of His People.
If this be deserted, Necessity and the Sword of the
Enemy will make Way to the others. Remember
His Majesty's Admonition; I say, remember it. Let
me but add, and observe God's Mercy and Goodness
towards this Land above others. The Torrent of
War hath overwhelmed other Churches and Countries; but God hath hitherto restrained it from us,
and still gives us Warning of every approaching Danger, to save us from Surprize. And our Gracious
Sovereign, in a true Sense of it, calls together this
High Court of Parliament, the lively Representation
of the Wisdom, Wealth, and Power of this whole
Kingdom, to join together to repel those Hostile Attempts which have distressed our Friends and Allies,
and do threaten ourselves. And therefore it behoves
all to apply their Thoughts unto Counsel and Consultations, worthy the Greatness and Wisdom of this
Assembly; to avoid all Diversions that may either
distemper or delay, and to attend that unum necessarium, the Common Cause; propounding, for the
Scope and Mark of all their Debates, the general
Good of the King and Kingdom, whom God hath
joined together by an indissoluble Knot, which none
must attempt to cut or untie. And let all endeavour
by Unity and good Accord to pattern this Parliaments
by the best that have been, that it may be a Pattern
to future Parliaments, and may infuse into Parliaments a Kind of multiplying Power and Faculty,
whereby they may be more frequent, and the King
our Sovereign may delight to fit upon this Throne,
and from hence to distribute His Graces and Favours
amongst His People. His Majesty hath given you
Cause to be confident of this, by that you have heard
from His own Royal Mouth; which nevertheless
he hath given express Commandment to redouble
it. If this Parliament, by these dutiful and wise Proceedings, shall but give the Occasion, His Majesty
will be ready not only to manifest His gracious Acceptation, but to put out all Memory of those Distastes that have troubled former Parliaments.
"I have but one Thing to add; and that is, as your
Consultations should be serious, so let them be speedy.
The Enemy is before-hand with us, and flies on the
Wings of Success. We may dandle and play as we
will with the Hour-glass that is in our Power,
but the Hours will not stay for us; and an Opportunity once lost cannot be regained. And therefore
so resolve of the Supplies, that they may be timely
and sufficient, sorting the Occasion. Your Counsels,
your Aid, and all is but lost, if your Aid be too little, or too late. And His Majesty is resolved that
His Affairs cannot permit Him to expect it over-long.
Commons directed to chuse a Speaker.
"And now, having delivered what His Majesty hath
commanded me concerning the Cause of this Assembly,
His Majesty willeth that you of the House of Commons repair to your own House, to make Choice of a
Speaker, whom His Majesty will expect to be presented unto Him on Wednesday next, at Two of the
Receivers and Triers of Petitions.
Receavours des Peticions d'Angleterre, d'Ecoce,d'Ireland.
|Messire Nicholas Hide, Chr. et Cheife Justicier.
Messire Jehan Dodderidge, Chr. et Justicier.
Messire Jaques Whitlocke, Chr. et Justicier.
Messire Roberte Rich, Chr.
Messire Edward Salter, Chr.
Et ceux qui veulent deliver
leur Peticions eux baillent
dedains sex jours prochenement ensuevant.
Les Receavours des Peticions de Gascoigne, et des autres
Terres et Pais de par la Mere et des Isles.
|Messire Thomas Richardson, Chr. et Cheife Justicier de Bour Commun.
Messire Jehan Walter, Chr. et Cheife Baron del Excheq. le Roi.
Messire Wylliam Jones, Chr. et Justicier.
Messire Charles Cæsar, Chr. et Docteur au Droit Civil.
Messire Edward Clerke, Chr.
Et ceux qui veulent deliver
leur Peticions eux baillent
dedeins six jours prochement ensuaunt.
Les Triours des Peticions d'Angleterre, d'Ecoce, et
|Le Count de Marlborough, Grande Tresorier.
Le Count de Manchester, President de Councell le Roi.
Le Duc de Buckingham, Grand Admiral d'Angleterre.
Le Count de Lindsey, Grand Chamb'leine d'Angleterre.
Le Count d'Arundell et Surr. Grand Marescal.
Le Count de North'ton.
Le Count de Warwicke.
Le Count de Carlile.
Le Count de Clare.
L'Evesque de Winchester.
L'Evesque de Bath. et W.
L'Evesque de Bristol.
Le Baron de Bergavenny.
Le Baron Pagett.
Le Baron North.
Touts ceux ensemble, ou quatre des Prelatts et Seigneurs
avanditz, appellants as eux
les Sergeants le Roi, quant
serra busoigne, tiendront leur
place en la Chamber de
Les Triours des Peticions de Gascoigne, et des autres
Terres et Pais de par la Mere et des Isles.
|Le Count de Pembrook, Senescal du Maison le Roi.
Le Count de Mountgomery, Chamb'leine du Maison le Roi.
Le Count de Essex.
Le Count de Dorsett.
Le Count de Bridgewater.
Le Count de Devon.
Le Count de Holland.
Le Count de Mulgrave.
Le Viscount de Say et Seale.
L'Evesq de Londres.
L'Evesq de Winchester.
L'Evesq de Co. et Lichfeild.
Le Baron Delawarr.
Le Baron Dudley.
Le Baron Mountague.
Toutz ceux ensemble, ou quatre des Prelatts et Seigneurs
avanditz, appellantz as eux
les Sergeantz le Roi, et auffi
l'Attourney le Roi, quant serra
busoigne, tiendront leur place
en la Chambre du Chamberleine.
Dominus Custos Magni Sigilli, ex Jussu Domini Regis,
continuavit præsens Parliamentum usque in diem Mercurii,
videlicet, 19m diem instantis Martii, hora nona.