Folios 21 - 30

Sponsor

Centre for Metropolitan History

Publication

Author

Reginald R. Sharpe (editor)

Year published

1899

Pages

42-65

Citation Show another format:

'Folios 21 - 30', Calendar of letter-books of the city of London: A: 1275-1298 (1899), pp. 42-65. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=33022 Date accessed: 24 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


Highlight

(Min 3 characters)

Folio 21.

Wednesday next after Michaelmas [29 Sept.], the same year, came Robert de St. Edmund and acknowledged himself bound to Reginald, son of Stephen de St. Edmund, in the sum of 60s.; to be paid at Christmas, and unless, &c.

The same day John de Canterbury, "chapeler," (fn. 1) acknowledged himself bound to Michael Finekelstale in the sum of £7; the same to be paid, viz., 40s. at the Feast of St. Edward, 50s. at Christmas, and 50s. at the Feast of the Purification; and unless, &c.

Monday after the Feast of St. Michael, the same year, came Robert de St. Alban, taverner, and acknowledged himself bound to Gombaud de Cokewetes and John de la Sale in the sum of £6 for wine; one moiety to be paid at Christmas and the other at the Feast of the Purification, and unless, &c.

(Thursday next after the Feast of St. Laurence [10 Aug.], 16 Edward I. [A.D. 1288], came John de la Sale and appointed Elias Anker his attorney.)

The same day came Richard de St. Botolph and acknowledged himself bound to the aforesaid Gumbard and John in the sum of £8; one moiety to be paid at Christmas and the other at the Feast of the Purification, and unless, &c.

The same day came Richard, son of Cristiana de Waude, and acknowledged himself bound to Salaman le Cotiler in the sum of 32s., &c.

Monday the Feast of the Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], the same year, came Roger de Coventre, taverner, and acknowledged himself bound to Robert de Rokesle, junior, in the sum of £10 10s. for wine; to be paid within fifteen days, and unless, &c.

The same day Richard, son of Richard de Ewelle, acknowledged himself bound to Adam de Colecestre and Dionisia his wife in the sum of 8 marks; one moiety to be paid at Christmas and the other at Easter, and unless, &c.

The same day William le Convers acknowledged himself bound to Roger de Winchester, clerk, in the sum of £10; to be paid at the Feast of All Saints [1 Nov.] next.

Wednesday before the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 9 Edward I. [A.D. 1281], came Richard de Hakeburne, mercer, and acknowledged himself bound to William de Hakene in the sum of 60s.; to be paid in the octave of St. Martin [11 Nov.], &c.

+ quere hoc signum.

Saturday after Ash Wednesday [11 Feb.], 10 Edward I. [A.D. 1281-2], came Gilbert de Colecestre, taverner, and paid William "Varache" the sum of 25s., part of a debt due to Bernard Remund de "Castro Sarrazin." The said William proffers the bond of the said Bernard, which bond remains in the hands of Hugh Motun, the Chamberlain, because he had not a letter of attorney [which letter had been delivered to William "Barache" on this condition, viz., that the said William would restore it if the said Hugh were indemnified by the aforesaid Gilbert (fn. 2) ].

(Wednesday next after the Annunciation of B. Mary [25 March], 11 Edward I. [A.D. 1283], the aforesaid William Barache received 20s. of the aforesaid debt at the hands of Cecilia, wife of the aforesaid Gilbert.)

Folio 21 b.

nil pro inrot'.

Tuesday after the Feast of All Saints [1 Nov.], 9 Edward I. [A.D. 1281], came Sewal le Pessoner and acknowledged himself bound to Ralph de Alegate, clerk, in the sum of 40s.; to be paid by quarterly instalments of 10s., and unless, &c.

xxvjd.

Tuesday the Feast of St. Martin [11 Nov.], the same year, came Roger de Cleve, pepperer, and acknowledged himself bound to Hugh Megge and Ector his brother in the sum of 20 marks; the same to be paid by quarterly instalments of 13s. 4d., and unless, &c.

iiijs quit'.

Saturday after the Feast of St. Martin [11 Nov.] came Thomas Sely, "peleter," to the Guild-hall (ad Aulam Gilde) and acknowledged himself bound to Robert de Rokesle, senior, in the sum of £24 for lead; to be paid within the quinzaine of Easter, and unless, &c.

xd.

The eve of St. Edmund, King and Martyr [20 Nov.], came Michael le Poter and John de Wodeham and acknowledged themselves bound to Peter de Bordeaus, merchant, in the sum of £6; the same to be paid, viz., 20s. on Tuesday next and 100s. at mid-Lent; and unless, &c.

xld.

Monday the eve of St. Katherine [25 Nov.], 10 Edward I. [A.D. 1281], John de Storteford, goldsmith, acknowledged himself bound to Sir Hugh Fitz Otho, Robert Dine, and Sir Walter, Vicar of Gatingethorp, (fn. 3) executors of Warin Dine, (fn. 4) in the sum of 30 marks for a house formerly belonging to the said Warin, which the said executors had sold to the said John; one moiety to be paid in the first week of Lent and the other at Michaelmas; and unless paid, the executors to resume possession of the said house.

xiijd.

Thursday before the Feast of St. Andrew [30 Nov.], the same year, came Nicholas le Convers and acknowledged himself bound to Sir Robert de Cokesfeld, Knt., in the sum of 10 marks for 6 marks annual quit-rent; to be paid by quarterly instalments of 33s. 4d., and unless, &c. Robert de Totenham appointed attorney by Sir Robert aforesaid.

Folio 22.

iiijd.

Tuesday the Feast of St. Lucia [13 Dec.] came Matthew de Ponfreit and Olive his wife to the Guild-hall (ad Aulam Gilde) and acknowledged themselves bound to Emeric Marcin in the sum of 40s. borrowed money; to be paid within the quinzaine of Easter, and unless, &c.

xviijd.

The following day came Raban de Braban and acknowledged himself bound to Galiard de Spaus (?), merchant of Bordeaux, in the sum of £9 for wine; to be paid within five weeks of Easter, and unless, &c.

nil.

Be it remembered that the Chamberlain is bound to answer for 6d. paid for an enrolment between Reginald Fitz Stephen and Robert de St. Edmund.

vjd.

Thursday before the Feast of St. Nicholas [6 Dec.], the same year, came Alice, late wife of Henry le Wympler, and acknowledged herself bound to Andrew de "Castro Suris," merchant of Spain, in the sum of 60s. for yarn; to be paid by quarterly instalments of 10s., and unless, &c.

vjd.

The same day came "James" le Reve, "pessener," and acknowledged himself bound to Richard de Stanford in the sum of 5 marks for a horse; to be paid on Easter Eve, and unless, &c.

xxxiiijd.

The same day Robert, son of Richard Digon, acknowledged himself bound to Peter Cosin in the sum of 27 marks for wool; to be paid in the quinzaine of the Feast of St. John the Baptist, &c.

Ann. x°.

nil.

Thursday before the Feast of St. Thomas, Ap. [21 Dec.], came Michael de St. Alban, "oynter," and acknowledged himself bound to Henry de Burgo in the sum of £6 10s. for wine; to be paid at Easter, and unless, &c.

nil.

Monday before the Nativity of our Lord, the same year, came Geoffrey de Brackinge, "buriler," and acknowledged himself bound to Hugh Motun in the sum of 27s.; to be paid at Easter, and unless, &c.

xd.

The same day Robert Bate de Leicestre, Geoffrey de Oxford, Walter Pope, Hugh his brother, and John de Harwe acknowledged themselves severally bound to "Ingeram" de "Hestrus," clerk to Sir Edmund, (fn. 5) in the sum of 8 marks for a horse; to be paid within a month of Easter, and unless, &c.

Folio 22 b.

viijd.

Saturday before the Epiphany [6 Jan.], 10 Edward I. [A.D. 1281-2], John de Cestrehunte, "plumer," acknowledged himself bound to John de Cestrehunte, taverner, in the sum of £4; one moiety to be paid at the Feast of the Purification and the other at mid-Lent, and unless, &c.

xvd.

Monday after the Epiphany [6 Jan.], the same year, William le Kyng de Honilane and Robert de Donwich, skinners, acknowledged themselves bound to Andrew de "Castro Suris" in the sum of £7 10s.; to be paid at Easter, and unless, &c.

ij marks.

Monday after the Feast of St. Hillary [13 Jan.], the same year, Thedmar le Estreis (fn. 6) and Elias Russel acknowledged themselves bound to the executors of Richard de Waledene in the sum of £150; the same to be paid, viz., £40 within a week, £40 at mid-Lent, and £70 at Easter. Pledges for payment, Robert de Rokesle, junior, and Robert de Meldeburne; and unless, &c.

vjd.

Thursday next after the Feast of St. Hillary [13 Jan.], the same year, Alice, late wife of Henry le Wimpler, acknowledged herself bound to Robert de Arras in the sum of 60s.; to be paid by quarterly instalments of 15s., and unless, &c.

iijd.

Laurence Crisp and Nicholas de Kirgebi acknowledged themselves bound to Thomas le Barber in the sum of 30s.; one moiety to be paid at Easter and the other at Midsummer, &c.

vjd.

Richard Peverel, mercer, acknowledged himself bound to Michael de Cambrei in the sum of 60s. for mercery; the same to be paid, viz., 20s. at Hockedaye, anno 10 Edward I., 20s. at the Feast of All Saints, and 20s. at the Feast of the Purification, anno 11 Edward I.; and unless, &c.

xvjd.

Gilbert de Mereden acknowledged himself bound to Michael de Caumberei in the sum of £8 for mercery; the same to be paid, viz., 60s. at Midsummer, 60s. at the Feast of All Saints, and 40s. at Easter; and unless, &c.

nil.

William Varage acknowledged himself bound to Master James (Jacopo) de St. George in the sum of £16; to be paid in the octave of Easter, and unless, &c.

nil.

Saturday next after Ash Wednesday [11 Feb.], 10 Edward I. [A.D. 1281-2], came Walter de la Forde, corder, to the Guildhall, and acknowledged himself bound to Gerard Roger de Brigerack (fn. 7) and Bernard Doming' his merchant in the sum of £12 for wine; the same to be paid, viz., £4 at the Feast of the Ascension, £4 at the Feast of St. Peter ad Vincula, and £4 at the Feast of All Saints; and unless, &c.

xlvd.

Robert de Westmolendino acknowledged himself bound to Arnold Bek in the sum of £22 15s. for spices; the same to be paid, viz., £11 7s. 6d. at mid-Lent and £11 7s. 6d. in the quinzaine of Easter; and unless, &c.

viijd.

Monday before the Feast of St. Matthias [24 Feb.], the same year, came John de "Cesthunte," called "Fethermongere," (fn. 8) and acknowledged himself bound to John de Lincoln in the sum of £4 for a horse; to be paid at St. Botolph's Fair on the Feast of St. James, Ap. [25 July], &c.

xijd.

The same day came Fulk le Mercer and acknowledged himself bound to Emeric Marcin, merchant of Gascony, in the sum of £6; one moiety to be paid within a month and the other at St. Botolph's Fair, and unless, &c.

Folio 23.

iijs.

Saturday after the Feast of St. Matthew, (fn. 9) Ap. [21 Sept.], the same year, came Thomas Heyrun and acknowledged himself bound to Hugh Megge in the sum of £18 for spicery; the same to be paid, viz., £6 at St. Botolph's Fair every year until the whole be paid; and unless, &c.

vs. xd.

Wednesday before the Feast of SS. Perpetua and Felicitas [7 March], the same year, came Gilbert de Eynefford, leathercurrier, and acknowledged himself bound to Peter de Chaude spine, merchant, and Peter Fraunck, merchant of "Kaiarck," (fn. 10) in the sum of £35 for leather; the same to be paid, viz., 100s. at Whitsuntide, and instalments of 38s. at the Feast of St. Botolph, at Michaelmas, at Christmas, and so quarterly until the whole be paid; and unless, &c.

iijd.

Thomas, son of Henry de Winchester, Knight and convert, (fn. 11) acknowledged himself bound to Gilbert le Paumer, marshal (i.e., farrier), in the sum of 5 marks for a horse; to be paid at Whitsuntide, and unless, &c.

iijd.

Alan de Schordich acknowledged himself bound to the same in the sum of 5 marks 11 shillings; to be paid at Michaelmas. Pledges, Reginald de Laufare and Henry de Laufare, &c.

Ann. x.

nil

Wednesday before Palm Sunday [22 March] came Robert le Scherere and acknowledged himself bound to Peter de Spineto in the sum of 6s. 8d.; the same to be paid, viz., 2s. at Midsummer, 2s. at Michaelmas, and 2s. 8d. at Christmas, &c.

xijd.

The same day came John, son of John de Spain, and acknowledged himself indebted to Master Henry de Reigate in the sum of £6 and 4d.; to be paid on demand, for which he mortgages his house.

iiijs. iiijd.

Michael de St. Alban, "oyncter," acknowledged himself bound to Remund de St. Julian and Peter Maynsen, "Borgens'," and William de Acre their merchant, in the sum of £26; one moiety to be paid at Whitsuntide, and the other three weeks later; and unless, &c. The creditors appoint William de Knaresbourk their attorney to recover the debt.

xxd.

Michael de St. Alban, "oyncter," acknowledged himself bound to John de Scheaute, of Bordeaux, and John de Ferers his merchant, in the sum of £50 for wine; to be paid at Whitsuntide, and unless, &c. Power of attorney as above.

xijd.

Richard de Monpeillers acknowledged himself bound to Simon Godard in the sum of £6 for spicery; one moiety to be paid at Midsummer, and the other at St. Botolph's Fair; and unless, &c.

Folio 23 b.

viijd.

Richard de Kyrkestede, cordwainer, acknowledged himself bound to Amenaud de Spain and Arnold de la Fossie, merchants of la Riole, (fn. 12) in the sum of £24 for wine; to be paid at the Feast of St. Margaret.

(Tuesday next after the Assumption B. Mary [15 Aug.], 10 Edward I. [A.D. 1282], the said Richard paid £12 and promised to pay the remainder of the above debt at Christmas, for which Richard de Morton, cordwainer, stands security.)

Richard de St. Botolph, taverner, acknowledged himself bound to Girard Roger and Bernard "de Mygges" (fn. 13) in the sum of £4 for wine; the same to be paid, viz., 20s. at Whitsuntide and 60s. at Midsummer, &c.

nil.

Andrew de Ibernia (?), tailor, acknowledged himself bound to Peter de Bruges, "le Forbur," in the sum of 10 marks; to be paid within three weeks of Midsummer, &c., because before the Mayor (quia coram Maiore).

xiiijd.

Thursday after the octave of Easter [29 March], 10 Edward I. [A.D. 1282], came Godsalin Bonet de "Burdeus" to the Guildhall and acknowledged himself bound to Stephen Germein of Winchelese in the sum of £7 for freight of wine; to be paid at the Feast of H. Trinity, &c. The same day came the same Godsalin and paid the said Stephen £12 for freight, and they had nothing (nichil habuerunt) for enrolment.

vs.

Saturday after the octave of Easter, the same year, came Bernard Domynges, Emeric "Marcyn," Arnold Fokeras, and Bernard le "Gaane," and acknowledged themselves bound to Godard le Cock de Winchelese in the sum of £30 for freight of "la Longbord"; to be paid at the Feast of H. Trinity, &c. The same day the said merchants paid the said Godard the whole residue of freight of the aforesaid ship, on condition that the said Godard would allow them all that is reasonable.

ijs. vjd.

Wednesday next after Hokeday came Thomas Fitz Thomas, draper, and acknowledged himself bound to Peter Meinsent and William de Acre, merchants of "Burdeus," in the sum of £15 for wine; to be paid within the octave of St. John the Baptist, and unless, &c.

xiiijd.

Friday next after Hok[eday], 10 Edward I. [A.D. 1282], came Richard de la Freche, woolmonger, and acknowledged himself bound to Arnold Pasturel, merchant of "Brugelak," (fn. 14) and Bernard his merchant, in the sum of £7 for wine; to be paid at the Feast of St. Mary Magdalen, &c.

xixd.

Saturday next after Hock[eday], the same year, came Robert le Scot, taverner, and acknowledged himself bound to John le Ferreres, merchant of John Dissote, burgess of "Burdeaus," in the sum of £9 10s. for wine; the same to be paid, viz., 100s. at the Feast of H. Trinity, and £4 10s. at the Feast of St. Martin; and unless, &c.

xd.

Wednesday next after the quinzaine of Easter [29 March], the same year, Stephen le Chaucer acknowledged himself bound to Henry de Hormad, called "boyhz," (fn. 15) in the sum of 100s.; to be paid by quarterly instalments of half a mark. William de Staunford surety, &c.

Folio 24.

nil.

Monday next after our Lord's Ascension [7 May], 10 Edward I. [A.D. 1282], the wardship of Thomas and Matilda, children of Walter de Kyngestone, was in full Husting entrusted to Thomas Clerk, "poleter," (fn. 16) together with their houses, rents, &c., until they come to lawful age, on condition that the said Thomas provide the said children with food, clothing, and all other necessaries, and restore to them their property in good condition upon their coming of age. Sureties for his so doing, viz., Richard de Burgo, Robert le Fener, William le Bocler, and John Wytfis.

vjd.

In the week of Pentecost came John de Cesthunte and acknowledged himself bound to Bernard de Sideleye, or William Sikard his attorney, in the sum of 60s.; to be paid within (infra) St. Botolph's Fair in the City of London, and unless, &c.

vjd.

Monday the morrow of H. Trinity [24 May], the same year, came Reginald de Lawefare to the Guildhall and acknowledged himself bound to Gilbert le Marescal in the sum of 50s. for a horse; to be paid at Michaelmas, and unless, &c. Henry de Laufare, spicer, becomes surety for the said Reginald.

Folio 24 b.

iijs. viijd.

Monday before the Feast of St. Barnabas [11 June], 10 Edward I. [A.D. 1282], came Fulk de St. Edmund and acknowledged himself bound to John de la Sale, merchant of St. "Makayr'," (fn. 17) and Elias Anker de "Bordeus" in the sum of £28; to be paid to the same or their attorney holding the bond in London at the Feast of All Saints, and unless, &c.

ijs.

The same day and year came the aforesaid Fulk and acknowledged himself bound to Peter, "monatario de Armenack," (fn. 18) and Peter "Frankco" (fn. 19) in the sum of £12; to be paid at the above date, and unless, &c.

nil.

Monday after the Feast of St. Barnabas [11 June], the same year, came Edmund Horn and John le Benere and acknowledged themselves bound to Henry le Waleys, then Mayor, in the sum of £20; to be paid at the Feast of St. Peter ad Vincula [1 Aug.], and unless, &c.

nil adhuc.

Thursday before the Feast of Nativ. of St. John Bapt. [24 June], the same year, came Stephen le Sawyer and acknowledged a certain deed whereby he demised to William le Convers, lately deceased, an annual quitrent of one mark, charged on his house in the parish of St. Andrew Huberd, for a term of thirteen years. After Henry de Farnham has been satisfied of the sum of £7 10s. 6d., the executors [of the aforesaid William] may take the said annual rent for the term aforesaid, unless the said Stephen is able in the meantime to come to an agreement with them for annulling the deed.

vijd.

The same day and year came Robert de Rochesford, apprentice to Roger Wastel, and acknowledged himself bound to pay at his master's request the sum of 71s. out of money received from his said master; and because he would not pay the same, and could not find security for it, he is committed to prison until, &c.

viijd.

Tuesday the Feast of Nativ. St. John Bapt. [24 June], the same year, came Gilbert de Reyle and acknowledged himself bound to Richard le Gras in the sum of 7 marks; to be paid, viz., 40s. at the Feast of St. Bartholomew [24 Aug.] and 4 marks at the Feast of All Saints [1 Nov.], under penalty of paying 20s. to the fabric of London Bridge; and unless, &c.

viijd.

Tuesday after the Translation of St. Thomas, Martyr [7 July], the same year, came Alice, relict of William Bokerel, and quitclaimed to Josep le Akatur and Juliana his wife her third part of a certain house, claimed as dower; for which quitclaim the said Josep and Juliana owe the said Alice 8 marks and a gown of the value of 20s.; of which they have paid her 26s. 8d. and 20s. for the gown. Of the residue they will pay her 2 marks at the next Court and 4 marks at Michaelmas following.

Folio 25.

xvijd.

Tuesday the Feast of Translation of St. Thomas, Martyr [7 July], 10 Edward I. [A.D. 1282], Richard de Hakeburn acknowledged himself bound to Lupus, merchant of Luka, in the sum of £8 18s. for mercery; the same to be paid, viz., 40s. before the next Sunday, 18s. the following week, and half a mark each week until the whole be paid; and unless, &c.

xd.

attorn'.

Tuesday after the Feast of St. Peter ad Vincula [1 Aug.], the same year, Thomas de "Caponeshorse," (fn. 20) Roger de Hatfeld, Michael de Aungre, and Thomas de Morton, burellers and weavers, acknowledged themselves bound to Bartholomew Lusco de Hambourk in the sum of 100s.; to be paid within five years by quarterly instalments of 5s., commencing at Michaelmas next, and unless, &c. John de Canterbury appointed attorney to receive the money.

Recognizance by Richard le Paumer and Robert le Woder of debt of 2½ marks to the above Bartholomew; to be paid at Michaelmas.

xxxijd.

Wednesday after the Assumption of B. Mary [15 Aug.], 10 Edward I. [A.D. 1282], William Barage acknowledged himself bound to John de Soliis and Arnald de Soliis and their partners in the sum of £16 for wine; to be paid at Christmas, and unless, &c.

ixd.

The same day and year Geoffrey de Wetheresfeld acknowledged himself bound to John "Timbermongere" in the sum of £4 10s. for corn; to be paid by quarterly instalments of 10s., and unless, &c.

ijd.

The same day and year Reginald de Chygenhale acknowledged himself bound to Vincent de Totenham in the sum of 21s.; to be paid, viz., 12d. the week after the Feast of St. Bartholomew and a similar sum weekly until Michaelmas, and after Michaelmas a weekly sum of 2s. until the whole be paid; and unless, &c.

xxijd.

Saturday before the Feast of St. Bartholomew [24 Aug.], the same year, Richard de Hakeburn acknowledged himself bound to Thomas de Vileneve in the sum of £13 for mercery; to be paid at the Feast of Nativ. B. Mary [8 Sept.], and unless, &c.

vjd.

Wednesday after the above Feast Walter Diry, Henry Boyhz, (fn. 21) and Richard Fethermongere acknowledged themselves bound to John de Soliis and Arnald de Soliis, partners, in the sum of 64s. for wool; to be paid at the Feast of St. Nicholas [6 Dec.] next ensuing, and unless, &c.

nil.

The same day John de Hakeburn acknowledged himself bound, on behalf of Ludekin de "Calanon" (?), to pay the sum of £8 to the Mayor and Commonalty of London on Michaelmas Day, under penalty of 100s. for the work of London Bridge; and unless, &c.

The same day Peter de Micham acknowledged [himself bound] to Bartholomew de Hamburk in the sum of £6; to be paid at Easter, 11 Edward I., and unless, &c. Hereman (?) le Estreys appointed attorney to receive the money.

Folio 25 b.

Scriptum Thome fil' Thome.

Monday before the Feast of St. Barnabas [11 June], 10 Edward I. [1282], Thomas Fitz Thomas, citizen and draper, caused a deed to be read, whereby he confirmed a grant made by Cecilia his mother to Fulk de St. Edmund of an annual quitrent of 11 marks, issuing from certain tenements in Candlewystrate and Soperlane, for a term of fifteen years; the confirmation being made for a clove of gillyflower.

Scriptum Cecilie.

The same day a deed of covenant was acknowledged whereby the aforesaid Cecilia demised to the above Fulk the annual quitrent aforesaid.

Scriptum Ricardi fratris Thome.

The same day Richard, brother of the aforesaid Thomas, confirmed the grant of the above Cecilia in like manner as Thomas.

The same day a deed was acknowledged whereby the above Fulk de St. Edmund covenanted to annul the above grant by Cecilia on payment by her of the sum of £50; viz., £40 on All Saints' Day and £10 at Christmas.

Folio 26.

vs. xd.

Saturday before the Feast of Exaltation of Holy Cross [14 Sept.], 10 Edward I. [A.D. 1282], Thomas de Conduit, taverner, came to the Guildhall and acknowledged himself bound to Elias de Ponte de "Brigerake" (fn. 22) in the sum of £35 for wine; to be paid to him or his attorney, Arnald de Port, or to the bearer of his tally, viz., one moiety at Christmas and the other at Easter; and unless, &c.

nil pro inrot'.

Tuesday the morrow of the Exaltation of Holy Cross [14 Sept.] Walter de la Forde acknowledged himself bound to Hugh de Dunton' in the sum of 22s., and the Mayor ordered that it should be paid within a fortnight.

Friday before the Feast of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 10 Edward I. [A.D. 1282], Robert de Norhamton, chaucer, (fn. 23) acknowledged himself bound to Peter Fraunk and Peter Chaudespine, merchant of "Caiark," in the sum of 40s. for silk; to be paid, viz., 20s. at Christmas, 10s. at Midsummer, and 10s. at Michaelmas; and unless, &c.

Sunday before the Feast of St. Edward [13 Oct.] Hugh de Dunton' acknowledged that he had received the sum of 10 marks from Robert le Cheyner, by way of surety for William de Brampton, valet to the said Hugh.

xviijd.

Friday before the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.] Richard Hakeburne acknowledged himself bound to Thomas de Vileneve in the sum of £9 for mercery; to be paid, viz., one moiety before Christmas Eve, and the other before Palm Sunday. In default, Gilbert de Horsham, mercer, and Matilda de Salle bind themselves, each for the whole, to pay the money.

nil pro inrot'.

Tuesday the eve of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.] Robert de Derherst, butcher, acknowledged himself bound to Ralph le Blount in the sum of £19 5s. 5d.; to be paid, viz., £10 5s. 5d. at the Epiphany, and £9 on the first Sunday in Lent. In default, William de Haveresham, "taylur," and Stephen Oynter, who was with Roger le Chaundiler, bind themselves as principal debtors to pay the money.

Folio 26 b.

The Second Year of the Mayoralty of H. le "Galeys."

Friday after the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], 10 Edward I. [A.D. 1282], the second year of the Mayoralty of H[enry] le "Waleys," Annere (?) de Donton' acknowledged himself bound to Hugh de Donton' in the sum of £10 5s. 4d.; binding himself, Alan and Vincent his brothers, and Walter de Gloucestre in the manner in which they formerly were bound in isto libro et anno isto. The money to be paid at Christmas, and unless, &c.

Saturday the eve of All Saints' [1 Nov.] Geoffrey de Braye, "coureur," acknowledged himself bound to Andrew de "Castro Soris" and Luke Petre in the sum of 59s. 6d.; to be paid, viz., half a mark at Easter and following quarter days until the whole be paid; and unless, &c.

quit'.

Monday before the Feast of St. Martin [11 Nov.], the second year of the Mayoralty of Henry le Galeys, came William Barache to the Guildhall before the Mayor and acknowledged himself bound to Mannin Hertaud, Peter Poun, and Bernard "Sydoin" in the sum of £84 for seventy tuns of wine; to be paid at Midsummer, and unless, &c. (fn. 24)

Saturday before the Feast of St. Martin [11 Nov.] Walter Hauteyn, mercer, acknowledged himself bound to Thomas de Reyns de Kersi in the sum of £17 10s.; to be paid, one moiety at St. Botolph's Fair and the other at Christmas; and unless, &c.

Friday after the Feast of St. Martin [11 Nov.] came Hubert de Bissopesgate to the Guildhall and acknowledged himself bound to Gilbert le Marescal in the sum of £6 13s. 4d. for two horses; to be paid, viz., 5 marks at Easter and 5 marks at Pentecost; and unless, &c.

nil pro inrot'.

The same day came Geoffrey de Neddinge, William de Staunford, Alan de Suffolk, and Walter le Chaundiler, and acknowledged themselves bound, on behalf of the Abbot of Redinges, (fn. 25) to Sir Hugh Fitz Oto in the sum of 100 marks; to be paid to the said Sir Hugh or to Sir Gregory de Rokesle on the morrow of Hokeday, anno 11 Edward I.; and unless, &c.

Friday the Feast of St. Edmund, King [20 Nov.], came William Barache and acknowledged to Richard de Portesume de la Pole the sum of £24 and 4d. for freight; to be paid within a fortnight, under penalty of 100s. to the work of London Bridge. In the meantime the aforesaid William will give the aforesaid Richard 4d. a day for expenses.

Folio 27.

nil.

Monday before the Feast of St. Edmund [20 Nov.], 10 Edward I. [A.D. 1282], William Paynel, Knt., acknowledged himself bound, before the Mayor and other reputable men in full Court, to Wolmar de Essex in the sum of £9 11s.; to be paid, one moiety at Easter and the other at Midsummer; and unless, &c.

(in plena curia. (fn. 26) )

Monday after the Feast of St. Edmund [20 Nov.], 11 Edward I. [A.D. 1282], John de Preston came to the Guildhall and acknowledged himself bound to Roger de Hungerford, "poleter," in the sum of 10 marks for two horses; to be paid within eight days of Michaelmas next, and unless, &c.

Wednesday the Feast of St. Katherine [25 Nov.], 11 Edward I. [A.D. 1282], Richard de Hakene, "pessoner," came to the Guildhall and acknowledged himself bound to John de Lincoln in the sum of £31 and 16d. for cloth; to be paid within three weeks after Easter, and unless, &c.

Thursday the morrow of St. Katherine [25 Nov.] Thomas le "Fuster" (fn. 27) acknowledged himself bound to Joyce de Eynesham, draper, in the sum of 9 marks and 40 pence; to be paid within five weeks after Easter, and unless, &c.

(A note to the effect that the above recognizance was cancelled in the presence of J[ohn] Adriem.)

The same day John de Cestrehunte, "Fethermongere," acknowledged himself bound to Arnald de Bordeus in the sum of £7 10s. for wine; to be paid at St. Botolph's Fair, and unless, &c.

nil.

Tuesday after the Feast of St. Andrew, Ap. [30 Nov.], John called "Barber," of the parish of St. Mary Magdalen, Oxford, acknowledged [himself bound] to Walter le Blound, Sheriff, in the sum of 77s. for fish; to be paid by annual instalments of 20s. at Christmas, and unless, &c.

nil pro inrot'.

Thursday after the Feast of St. Andrew [30 Nov.] Elias de Conduit, taverner, came to the Guildhall and acknowledged himself bound to Sir John de Bayfeud, clerk, in the sum of £10, money borrowed; to be paid by annual instalments of 50s. within a fortnight after Midsummer, and unless, &c.

Folio 27 b.

Friday before the Feast of St. Nicholas [6 Dec.], 11 Edward I. [A.D. 1282], came Roger le Chaundiler to the Guildhall and acknowledged himself bound to Margery, widow and executrix of Richard de Waledon, in the sum of £40; to be paid, one moiety at Pentecost and the other at Michaelmas; and unless, &c. For greater security he finds sureties, viz., Sir John de Bayfeud and Peter de Norwich. For this recognizance the aforesaid Margery remits to the said Roger all debts due to her late husband; and further remits the sum of 100s. of the money to be paid at Michaelmas, provided the rest be paid at the time appointed.

The same day William de Blie acknowledged himself bound to Thomas le Wyte, "Bucher," in the sum of 36s.; to be paid, one moiety at Easter and the other at Pentecost; and unless, &c.

Quere hoc signum.

Friday after the Feast of Conception B. Mary [8 Dec.] Richard de Asseburne, John de Westmelle, and Henry de Peck acknowledged themselves bound to Peter de Russilun and William de Prangers in the sum of £14 17s., each for the whole; to be paid by quarterly instalments of 25s., and unless, &c. (fn. 28) Thereupon William de Prangers appointed Gerard de Brye his attorney, which Gerard received from the aforesaid Richard de Asseburne the sum of 37s. 6d. The said Peter appoints Simon Godard his attorney.

The following Saturday Gilbert de Horsham acknowledged himself bound to William de Hereford in the sum of £6 for wool; to be paid at Staunford Fair, and unless, &c.

The same day John Richemund came and acknowledged himself bound to William de Hereford in the sum of £4 16s. for wool on behalf of Michael de "Caumborey"; (fn. 29) to be paid at Easter, and unless, &c.

Saturday after the Feast of Conception B. Mary [8 Dec.] John de Canterbury, mercer, acknowledged to Henry de Burgo in the sum of 39s. for mercery; to be paid, one moiety at the Feast of the Purification and the other at Easter; and unless, &c.

Folio 28.

Monday after the Feast of St. Lucia, V. [13 Dec.], 11 Edward I. [A.D. 1282], Andrew de Lansell, "horsmonger'," Juliana la "Scherestere," widow of William de Farnham, residing in the parish of St. Stephen upon Walebrock, Cristian le taverner, John de Wodeham, taverner, Bartholomew de Cocham, haymonger, and John de Kent, girdler, acknowledged themselves jointly and severally bound to Henry de Burgo in the sum of £4 13s. 4d.; to be paid by quarterly instalments of 13s. 4d., and unless, &c.

Thursday after the Feast of St. Lucia, V. [13 Dec.], Geoffrey le Botoner acknowledged himself bound to William le Amy in the sum of £16 for wax and "brasil"; (fn. 30) to be paid within a fortnight This recognizance was made before Gregory de Rokesle, Ralph de Alegate, clerk, Walter le Blount, "stocfismongere," and others, William le Mazener, and Robert de Meldebun' [sic].

Thursday the eve of the Lord's Nativity, 11 Edward I. [A.D. 1282], John de Preston acknowledged himself bound to William de Bettoyne in the sum of £6 for a horse; to be paid at Midsummer, and unless, &c.

The same day Richard de Dokesworthe acknowledged himself bound to Thomas Orpedeman, fishmonger, in the sum of £13 and 18d. for corn; to be paid in the house of the said Thomas, viz., 2s. on Saturday the morrow of Christmas, and a similar sum on each succeeding Saturday until the whole be paid; and unless, &c.

The same day Ralph le Tapicer acknowledged himself bound to Bernard "Domingo" de Brigerack (fn. 31) in the sum of £12 for wine; to be paid to him or to Gerard de Fages his attorney at Easter, and unless, &c.

The same day Yon de Wicle acknowledged himself bound to Walter Hautein, mercer, in the sum of £4 for pledge; to be paid by quarterly instalments of 10s., and unless, &c. (fn. 32)

nil.

Thursday after the Epiphany [6 Jan.], 11 Edward I. [A.D. 1282-3], William le Brun, of Westminster, came before the Mayor and other reputable men in the Guildhall, and acknowledged himself bound to William de Bettoyne in the sum of 32 marks; to be paid within the octave of Easter. In default, the said William de Bettoyne may hold in fee an annual quitrent of 4 marks according to the terms of a deed of feoffment made between them and placed in the hands of John le Meriner.

Folio 28 b.

Saturday after the Epiphany [6 Jan.] William de Siddingeburne, called "Clerk," "pessoner," acknowledged himself bound to Elias le Hodere in the sum of £7; to be paid, viz., 20s. at the Feast of the Purification [2 Feb.], 60s. at Easter, and 60s. at Midsummer; and unless, &c.

The same day John Hardel and William de Knaresburh acknowledged themselves bound to Reymund "Armandi" (fn. 33) and Gausellin (fn. 34) "Boneti," (fn. 35) merchants of Peter "Agiloni," (fn. 36) burgess of Bordeaux, in the sum of 20s. for wine; to be paid at the Feast of the Purification [2 Feb], and unless, &c.

nil.

Walter de Frowick acknowledged himself bound to Reginald de Suffolk in the sum of 26s. 8d.; to be paid, viz., 10s. at the Feast of the Purification, and 16s. 8d. at Easter; and unless, &c.

unde solv' xxvjs. viijd.

Thursday the eve of the Lord's Nativity Walter de Derteford, goldsmith, and John le Fener acknowledged themselves bound to John Adrien in the sum of 33s. 4d.; to be paid at Hokeday, and unless, &c.

nil quia prius.

Friday after the Feast of St. Hillary [13 Jan.] Thomas de Frowick and Cristian le Bokeler mainprised Richard atte Frythe, who had been attached at the suit of Bernard Pasturel for 110s., for the payment of the said sum by the said Richard before the Feast of the Purification [2 Feb.] In default, the said Thomas and Cristian are either to produce the said Richard or be themselves attached. If in the meantime the said Richard sold anything, it was to be kept for the use of the said Bernard. Thereupon the said Richard promised to sell an annual quitrent of one mark wherewith to satisfy the said Bernard.

nil.

Monday after the Feast of St. Hillary [13 Jan.] Richard (?) Norreys and Walter Forstal, horsemongers (mercatores equorum), acknowledged themselves jointly and severally bound to John Adrien, draper, in the sum of 5 marks; to be paid on Trinity Sunday, and unless, &c.

nichill.

Wednesday the Feast of SS. Fabian and Sebastian [20 Jan.], 11 Edward I. [A.D. 1282-3], came Geoffrey de Crawedon and Richard de Furners to the Guildhall and acknowledged themselves bound to Sir Barunchyn and his company of Lucca in the sum of £16 for pledges of Ralph and Hugh de Lammasse; to be paid by annual instalments of 40s. at Michaelmas, and unless, &c.

Folio 29.

Thursday after the Feast of SS. Fabian and Sebastian [20 Jan.], 11 Edward I. [A.D. 1282-3], came Thomas de Conduit to the Guildhall and acknowledged himself bound to Sir Peter de Bordeus de St. Linnerade and Henry de Marcilack his merchant in the sum of £16 for wine bought at St. Botolph's Fair; to be paid at the Feast of Pentecost, and unless, &c.

Monday the Feast of Conversion of St. Paul [25 Jan.] came Walter Burwelle to the Guildhall and acknowledged himself bound to Simon de Mepham in the sum of 5 marks for a horse; to be paid to the said Simon, or William de Gravesaunde, or the bearer of the bond, either at Midsummer or within a week of the same; and unless, &c.

pro un ot' vijs. viijd.

Friday before the Feast of the Purification [2 Feb.] came Reymund de Sanenak and William de Acre, burgesses of Bordeaux, and acknowledged before the Mayor that they were bound for death and life to Katherine la Fraunceyse in the sum of £46 4s.; to Ingeram de Valence in 4 marks (pro inrot', vd.); to John, clerk of the "murage," (fn. 37) in 17 marks and 2s. (xxjd.); to Dame Philippa, wife of John de Paris, in 116s.; to Simon de Rokesle in 40s. (iiijd.); to Roger Tailor in £4, to Thomas le Barbur in 15s.; and to Roger le Paumer in 40s.; to be paid to the above debtors (debitoribus) on the first Sunday in Lent, and unless, &c.

Wednesday the morrow of the Purification [2 Feb.] Thomas le Balauncer, of Wodestrate, acknowledged himself bound to Peter Camperiem "de ruwe bokere," burgess of Bordeaux, and John de Red his valet, in the sum of £6 for wine; to be paid to either of them, or to the bearer of the tally of the debt, viz., 36s. in the first week of Lent, and £4 4s. at Hokeday; and unless, &c.

The same day John Beumund (?), tailor, acknowledged himself bound to the above Peter and John in the sum of 40s. for wine; to be paid, viz., 10s. in the first week of Lent, and 30s. at Hokeday.

The same day came Walter, called Clerk, of Kingestone, "batiler," (fn. 38) and received from Henry Herford a certain "batell" for a term of two years, on the understanding that out of the profits of the said "batell" the said Walter and his partners should receive 2d. and should hand over the third penny to the said Henry, honestly and without fraud; and if any dishonesty should be discovered, the said Walter binds his body for prison.

Folio 29 b.

Thursday after the Purification B. Mary [2 Feb.], 11 Edward I. [A.D. 1282-3], came Roger Hanetot to the Guildhall and acknowledged himself bound to Gerard Roger and Bernard "Domingo" in the sum of 62s. for wine; to be paid at Easter, and unless, &c.

Saturday after the Feast of Purification [2 Feb.] Richard de Cestrehunte, "fethermongere," acknowledged himself bound to Walter le Blound in the sum of £11 10s. for wool; to be paid eight days before Pentecost, and unless, &c.

The same day Richard Prowet acknowledged himself bound to Richard atte Frithe in the sum of 18s.; to be paid on Easter Eve, and unless, &c.

Wednesday the Feast of St. Scolastica, V. [10 Feb.], Richard de Kirkestede and John de Westmelle, cordwainers, acknowledged themselves bound to Elias de Ponte de Brigerack in the sum of £8 6s. for wine; to be paid on Whitsunday, and unless, &c.

Friday after the same Feast Thomas le "Fuster" and Robert de Crepelgate, senior, acknowledged themselves bound to John Adrien, draper, in the sum of 33s. 4d.; to be paid at the Feast of Pentecost, and unless, &c.

The same day John de Wakeringe, taverner, acknowledged himself bound to Godsalin Boneti and Remund Arman, merchants of Peter Agilun, burgess of Bordeaux, in the sum of £4 for wine; to be paid by quarterly instalments of 20s., and unless, &c.

Saturday after the Feast of St. Scolastica [10 Feb.] John de Staundon, "chapeler," acknowledged himself bound to Peter de Mundenard and "Gobert" (fn. 39) de Gusarge his valet in the sum of £6 4s. for two sacks of black lamb's wool (agnellin); to be paid eight days after Trinity, and unless, &c.

The same day Abraham the taverner acknowledged himself bound to Elias Anker, John de la Sale, and "Jurvin" (?) his brother, in the sum of £6 for three tuns of wine; to be paid, one moiety at mid-Lent and the other at the Feast of Pentecost; and unless, &c.

Folio 30.

Monday after the Feast of St. Valentine [14 Feb.], 11 Edward I. [A.D. 1282-3], Robert le Cirger acknowledged himself bound to the same in the sum of £4 for two tuns of wine; to be paid, viz., 20s. on Sunday week and 60s. at Midsummer; and unless, &c.

The same day Robert Gauge acknowledged himself bound to the same in the sum of £4 for wine; to be paid in like manner.

Friday after the Feast of St. Valentine [14 Feb.] Agnes de Marci, Prioress of Clerkenwell, acknowledged herself bound to Robert de Meldeburne and Richard Aswy, citizens of London, in the sum of 40 marks for their mainprise against John de Sutton, clerk, to whom they were bound in the like sum on account of Robert de Thunderle, deceased. She promises to pay as follows, viz., 20 marks at Easter, and 10 marks at Midsummer and Michaelmas; and unless, &c. The said Prioress and the Convent of Clerkenwell appoint Thomas de Baldoc, clerk, their attorney to collect their rents within the City and without for the purpose of satisfying the above Robert and Richard. Thereupon came the said Thomas and made oath in the Guildhall faithfully to collect the same and satisfy the claimants.

(Saturday after the Feast of St. Martin [11 Nov.] came Richard Aswy and acknowledged himself fully satisfied.)

Saturday after the Feast of St. Valentine [14 Feb.] John de Derby and Adam de Stratford acknowledged themselves bound to William Borel and Peter Faire (?) in the sum of £12 for leather; to be paid at Easter, and unless, &c.

Wednesday after the Feast of St. Peter in Cathedra [22 Feb.] Gerard Merbode acknowledged himself bound to Sir Ralph le Blound in the sum of £6½ for wool; to be paid at Hokeday, and unless, &c.

The same day came John de Westmelle, Richard de Asseburne, and Henry de Asseburne and acknowledged themselves bound to Peter Coste in the sum of £6 for leather; to be paid, one moiety at Midsummer and the other at Michaelmas; and unless, &c.

Folio 30 b.

nil.

Wednesday after the Feast of St. Valentine [14 Feb.], 11 Edward I. [A.D. 1282-3], came Robert de Lintone and Mark, servant to Stephen de Cornhulle, before the Mayor and other reputable men at the Guildhall, and acknowledged they had received from William le Mazeliner, Richard de Chygewelle, and Walter le Blound all the cloths, entire and cut, the corn, the horses and cart, and all other things the property of the said Stephen, which had been attached on account of the loan made to the lord the King for promoting the war in the parts of Wales.

xd. quit'.

Friday after Ash Wednesday John de "Hemelhamelstede," Hugh de Cruce Lapidia, and Reginald de St. Alban acknowledged themselves bound to William Garsle and Peter his valet in the sum of 105s. for bazen; to be paid at the Feast of Ascension, and unless, &c.

The same day Vincent de Totenham and John de Geldeford acknowledged themselves bound to Peter de Russilun and William Prangers in the sum of £15 for leather; to be paid at Easter, and unless, &c.

(Wednesday before the Feast of St. Edward, Vincent de Totenham satisfied Ernald de la Pleyne of £4, and John de Geldeford of 40s., because the above Peter de Russilun and William Prangers were convicted before the Lord Mayor [domino Maiore (fn. 40) ] against [versus] the said Ernald in the sum of £26, and no goods were found in London except the sum of £6 in the hands of the above Vincent and John. And the said Peter and William were not in England, nor did it appear that they had received the residue of the £15, as appears in the enrolment. It is, therefore, not to be cancelled before the return of the said merchants. (fn. 41) )

The same day John de Lincoln acknowledged himself bound to John de Adrien, draper, in the sum of £8 on behalf of the Prior of "Mount Agu"; (fn. 42) to be paid at Hokeday, and unless, &c.

Saturday after Ash Wednesday John de Berkhamstede, saddler, acknowledged himself bound to Robert Wylebeck in the sum of £4 10s. for herring; to be paid at Whitsuntide. In default, the said Robert may hold the house of the said John, in the parish of St. John Zakary, for a term of eleven years, paying only a red rose at Midsummer. This recognizance was made before William de Farndone and Hugh Motun.

The same day Thomas le Balauncer, William de Blie, Gilbert [sic] de Gravele, and Gilbert de Eynesford acknowledged themselves bound to Godsalin Boneti and Reymund Armandi, merchants of Peter Agilonis, burgess of Bordeaux, in the sum of 60s. for wine; to be paid, viz., 40s. at Easter and 20s. at Hokeday; and unless, &c.

(After payment made to "Goselin," William de Blye remained in debt 2s. Id. (fn. 43) )

Thomas le Balauncer acknowledged himself bound to the above Godsalin and Reymund in the sum of 24s. for wine; to be paid within eight days, and unless, &c.

Memorandum to the effect that 2½ tuns of wine were found in the cellar of Thomas le Balauncer, and were delivered to William de Blie, William [sic] de Gravele, and Gilbert de Eynesfford, with whom the said Thomas was jointly bound. The wine was sold for 4 marks towards the debt due to Godsalin Boneti.

Footnotes

1 A maker of caps.
2 Inserted by a different hand.
3 Gestingthorpe, co. Essex.
4 A will of Warin "Dyne" was proved in the Court of Husting in July of this year by Roger de Beauchamp and Richard Cotun, by which the testator orders his house in London to be sold, but the names of the executors do not appear. Hust. Roll 12 (101).
5 Perhaps Edmund, Earl of Lancaster, the king's brother.
6 Or Easterling, a name commonly given to Germans. This Thedmar must not be confounded with the "man of Almaine," the father of Arnald Fitz-Thedmar, the compiler of the City's 'Liber de Antiquis,' inasmuch as both father and son were by this time dead, the son having died circa 1274 at the age of seventy-three.
7 Vide supra, p. 40, note.
8 Elsewhere styled "plumer".
9 Mistake for St. Matthias [24 Feb.].
10 Or "Caiark," Department of Lot.
11 Militis et conversi.
12 La Reole, near Bordeaux. A street in the City near Dowgate was named after it, as also was the church of St. Michael Paternoster "Royal."
13 Of "Domynges."
14 For other spellings of this name see supra, p. 40, note2.
15 Probably identical with Henry "Boyhz," infra, p. 53.
16 Poulterer.
17 St Macaire, near Bordeaux.
18 Elsewhere we find him as Peter Monader de Armenack or Armey nack (Armagnac). Infra, fos. 31*, 34.
19 Of "Frankhom," i.e. Freeman.
20 A tenement known by this name was situate in Candlewick Street, in the parish of St. Mary Abchurch.
21 Cf. supra, p. 50, Henry de Hormad called "boyhz."
22 Vide supra, p. 40, note2.
23 Shoemaker.
24 A marginal note to the effect that a recognizance was made before Hugh Motun by Bernard de "Sydoyn" and Peter Poun, and therefore the debtor was quit.
25 Reading.
26 A later insertion.
27 A joiner, or maker of the woodwork of saddles.
28 Cancelled. Vide infra, fo. 57.
29 Cambrai.
30 A wood used for dyeing purposes. See Glossary to 'Liber Albus' (Rolls Series), p. 298.
31 See note supra, p. 40.
32 A marginal note to the effect that this recognizance was cancelled in the presence of Walter Hauteyn, Monday before the Purification.
33 Or Armand.
34 Elsewhere appears as "Godsalin" and "Goselin."
35 Or Bonet.
36 Or Agilun.
37 A tax taken of carts, &c., entering a town, for repair of walls.
38 Boatman.
39 Or 'Gosebert."
40 Strictly "Sir" Mayor. This title of dominus may account for the origin of the Lord Mayor's title.
41 Marginal note.
42 Montacute, co. Somerset.
43 Margin.


<--Previous:
Folios 11 - 20
Next:-->
Folios 31 - 40