Folio cli b.
Commissio facta tribus civibus ad eund' ad Parliamentum.
Letter from the Mayor, Aldermen, Sheriffs, and whole
Commonalty of the City to the King under the Common Seal,
notifying the above election. Dated 19 Aug., 6 Edward II.
[A.D. 1312]. (fn. 1)
Ordinances for watch and ward of the City's gates during
the session of Parliament. (fn. 2)
Jake du Front, Piere Morelle, Jake de Spyne (struck out),
Symon Guy, Sire Manent Franceys, Johan Bonadvincte, Janyn
de Triple-sworn to testify a certain truth to the Echevins of
Ipre for Pouch' Portenare.
Preceptum super statut pro Stephana et Ric o Darmenters.
12 Dec., 3 Edward II. [A.D. 1309]. Precept by Thomas
Romayn, the Mayor, to James, son of Fulk de St. Edmund,
one of the Sheriffs of London, to take the body of Robert
Darmenters, if a layman, and safeguard the same until
the said Robert shall have satisfied Stephen and Richard
Darmenters of the sum of 200 marks due under a recognizance made before John le Blund, a late Mayor, and Henry de
Leycestre, Clerk of King Edward I., deputed to take recognizances of debts in the City according to the statute; which sum
ought to have been paid at the Feast of All Saints [1 Nov.],
anno 35 Edward I. (fn. 3) [A.D. 1307].
Return, non inventus.
Precept sicut alias, &c., and also to cause an extent to be made
of the property of the debtor within the Sheriff's bailiwick.
Inquisition thereon made by oath of Adam le Scriveyn, Richard
le Barber, Robert de Guldeford, William de Coumbe, William
Edward, John de Langgele, Thomas de Boys, Thomas le
Wodere, Simon de Mereword, Richard de Dorkinge, Laurence
de Totenham, and Thomas le Ropere, who say that at the time
when the recognizance was made the said Robert had no property within the bailiwick except a tenement in the parish of
All Hallows super solar' (fn. 4) of the yearly value of 7 marks, and
this was delivered to the creditors until debt and costs were
Preceptum super statut' pro Joh'e Norman de Donstaple.
12 Feb., 3 Edward II. [A.D. 1309-10]. Precept to James, son
of Fulk de St. Edmund, and Roger le "Paumere," Sheriffs, by
Thomas Romayn, the Mayor, to take the body of Robert Darmenters and safeguard the same until he shall have satisfied
John Norman de Donestaple of the sum of £12 10s., part of a
sum of £105 due under a recognizance made before Nicholas
de Farndone, late Mayor, and John le Blund, the Clerk, deputed
to take recognizances in the City.
Return, non inventus.
Folio clii b.
Preceptum super statutum pro Barth'o de Bernewell.
Precept to James de St. Edmund and Roger le "Palmere," the
Sheriffs of London, to take the body of Bartholomew de Bernewell, tailor, and safeguard the same until he shall have satisfied
William Symond, fishmonger, of a sum of £8.
Return, non inventus.
Precept sicut alias, &c., and also to make an extent of the
debtor's property within their bailiwick. Inquisition thereon
made on Thursday after the Feast of St. James, Ap. [25 July],
4 Edward II. [A.D. 1310], by oath of Richard Wight, Stephen
Horn, Andrew Horn, Thomas de Bury, butcher, John le Long,
butcher, Thomas de Canefeld, butcher, Roger de Bury, Thomas
de Fulham, Richard Swote, Thomas de Perndone, and William
de Wynton', "laner," who find that at the date of his incurring
the debt the said Bartholomew held shops in the parish of
St. Margaret de Bruggestrate, inherited from Matilda his wife;
a shop in the parish of St. Leonard de Estchepe, acquired from
John le Barbier and Felicia his wife, subject to certain payments
to St. Paul's and the nuns of St. Helen; also quitrents issuing from
tenements of Thomas de Fulham and Richard Swote, &c.
Preceptum super statutum pro Thom' Beauflour.
Saturday the Feast of the Decollation of St. John Bapt.
[29 Aug.], 4 Edward II. [A.D. 1310]. Precept by Thomas
Romayn, the Mayor, to the above Sheriffs to take the body of
Roger le Graunt, citizen and barber, and safeguard the same
until he shall have satisfied Thomas Beauflour of £22, due
under a recognizance made before the Mayor and J[ohn] le
Blund, deputed to take recognizances.
Return made that the said Roger had already been taken
and committed to Newgate; and because it appeared that the
said Roger had stood in prison a quarter of a year and more for
the above debt, precept was issued for an extent to be made
of all his property, into whosesoever hands it may have come,
&c., except an heir under age to whom it may have come by
hereditary descent. Inquisition accordingly held on Tuesday the
Feast of Nativity B. M. [8 Sept.], by oath of Luke de Ware and
others [not named], who say that at the date of the recognizance the said Roger held shops in the parish of St. Nicholas
Shambles, subject to certain charges to the parish church, to
St. Paul's, &c.; also that he owned certain rents payable by
Simon le Keu, and shops which were afterwards acquired by
Nicholas Crane from the debtor and Cecilia his wife, &c.
Folio cliii b.
Precept to Simon Corp and Peter de Blakeneye, Sheriffs of
London, to take the body of Michael de la Rose, son of Adam
de la Rose, "potter," and safeguard the same until he shall
have satisfied John de Cotome, skinner, of the sum of £80, due
under a recognizance made before Thomas Romayn, late
Mayor, and John le Blund, the King's Clerk, on Saturday
the Feast of St. Peter ad Vincula [1 Aug.], 4 Edward II.
Return, non inventus.
Precept sicut alias, &c., and also for an extent to be made of
the debtor's property in their bailiwick at the above date,
into whosesoever hands, &c., except an heir, &c. Inquisition
thereon made by oath of Robert de Gloucestre, Thomas
le Mareschal, Gilbert le Heymongere, William de Norhamptone, cordwainer, John de Castelacre, Thomas de
Chiggewelle, junior, Hugh de Asshebourne, William de Ebor',
goldsmith, Osbert de Bredestrete, cordwainer, Ranulf de Luda,
taverner, and William atte Welde, armourer, who say that the
debtor owned a messuage, &c., in the parish of St. Mildred de
Bredestrete of the yearly value of 106s., subject to certain
charges to the Hospital of St. Giles without London, &c., which
messuage they delivered to the creditor quousque, &c.
Precept to the same Sheriffs to take the bodies of Ralph de
"Boctone" and Adam de "Boktone," and safeguard the same
until they shall have satisfied Roger de Arcubus, apothecary,
of money due under a recognizance made before T[homas]
Romayn, the Mayor, and J[ohn] le Blund, the King's Clerk, &c.
Return, non inventi, &c.
Precept sicut alias, &c., and for an extent, &c.
Inquisition thereon taken by oath of Simon de Banstede,
William le Pottere, Thomas de Nottele, Jordan de Langgeleye,
William atte More, John le Clerk, baker, John de Westwode,
"coteler," Robert de Asshe, "cordewaner," Robert le Barber,
Richard Doge, Martin le Megucer, and Henry de Merlawe,
"coteler"-who say that the said debtors owned property in the
parishes of Little St. Bartholomew and St. Botolph without
Bisshopesgate of the net yearly value of £12 5s. 8d. The
property was delivered to the creditor quousque, &c.
Breve R' ne conventicula aut congregaciones fiant in regno sine speciali precepto R'.
Writ to the Sheriffs of London to make proclamation forbidding, without special licence, the holding of conventicles (conventicula
(fn. 5) ) and the making of federations and bonds to live and
die together (obligationes de insimul vivendo et moriendo), whereby
the people may be terrified and the King's peace disturbed
Dated at Westminster, 24 July, 6 Edward II. [A.D. 1312]. (fn. 6)
Proclamation thereon (French).
Folio cliv b.
Writ of exigent directed to the Sheriffs of London to demand
Ralph Bagot and "Villanus Rauvesman bagot" (fn. 7) from Husting
to Husting until, according to the custom of the City, they
become outlawed, unless they appeared; if they appeared, then
the Sheriffs were to arrest them and keep them safe in prison,
so that they (the Sheriffs) may have their bodies before the
King in the octave of H Trinity, wherever he may happen
to be in England, to answer a charge of having violently
assaulted John de Vienne, clerk, &c.; as to which, return
had been made in the octave of St. Michael that the said
Ralph and "Villanus" were not in the Sheriffs' bailiwick,
and had nothing whereby they could be attached. Witness,
R[oger] le Brabazoun, at Westminster, 18 Oct., 4 Edward II.
By virtue of the above writ the aforesaid "Villanus' was
called for the first time in the Husting for Pleas of Land held
on Monday before the Feast of SS Simon and Jude [28 Oct.],
4 Edward II., and did not appear, &c.; for the second time at
the Husting for Pleas of Land held on Monday after the Feast
of St. Edmund the King [20 Nov.], the same year, and did not
appear; for the third time at the Husting for Pleas of Land
held on Monday after the Feast of St. Valentine [14 Feb.], the
same year [A.D. 1310-11], and did not appear; for the fourth
time at the Husting for Pleas of Land held on Monday after the
Feast of St. Matthias [24 Feb.], the same year, and did not
appear, but was mainprised by Richard de Honewyk to appear
at the next Husting; and for the fifth time at the Husting for
Pleas of Land held on Monday after the Feast of St. John ante
portam Latinam [6 May], the same year, and did not appear,
&c. Therefore according to the custom of the City he was
outlawed, &c. (fn. 8)
Writ of certiorari touching the record and process of outlawry
against "Villanus Raulynesknave Bagod." Dated at Westminster, 13 Sept., 6 Edward II. [A.D. 1312].
De ponderacione magne balancie.
Nota de custuma ponderator' magne balancie.
Be it remembered that on Wednesday after the Feast of
St. Michael [29 Sept.], 6 Edward II. [A.D. 1312], there came good
men of the Commonalty, viz., of the trades of pepperers, corders,
ironmongers, apothecaries, and divers others who busy themselves with heavy merchandise (se intromittunt de averio ponderis
(fn. 9) ),
and in the presence of Nicholas de Farendone-acting as locum
tenens for the Mayor on that day, inasmuch as the Mayor was
attending the King's Council at Westminster on the business of
the City-Richard de Gloucestre, William de Coumbemartyn,
William Cosyn, Nicholas Picot, and John de Lincoln, Aldermen,
and Richard de Welleford, one of the Sheriffs, presented
Andrew Godard to the office of weigher at the Great Beam
(magne statere), whom they had chosen as a good and trusty
man to execute that office, and they asked that the Sheriffs
should admit him to that office, and not let it to any one to
ferm, for that would be to the great hurt of the trades aforesaid. And the aforesaid Richard, the Sheriff, admitted the
aforesaid Andrew, &c. And the aforesaid Andrew was sworn
to well and honestly weigh as well for the buyer as seller,
as well for poor as rich, and all others who should come
to the balance; and at the end of each week to deliver to
the Sheriffs all the profits of the said office, &c. And be it
known that the weigher takes for every thousand weighed one
penny for the Sheriffs towards the ferm of the City, and for his
trouble for every hundred a farthing.
Breve d'm R' ne com' Hereford et alii nuncii ex parte com' et Baronum ingrediantur civitatem.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs explaining that although the
King had given a safe-conduct and protection to Humphrey de
Bhoun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, Robert de Clifford, John
Butecourte and John de Heselarton, Knts., and to Adam de
Herewynton and Michael de Meeldone to confer with A[rnold],
Cardinal of St. Prisca, Count Louis of Evreux, and R[ ],
Bishop of Poitiers, (fn. 10) on matters recently discussed at "Markyate" (fn. 11) -he did not intend that they should be allowed on that
account to take up their abode in the City, although they might
be supplied with victuals and other necessaries (excepting arms
and horses) through their servants. Dated at Wyndesore,
5 Oct., 6 Edward II. [A.D. 1312]. (fn. 12)
Scriptum fratris Thom'de Ware Canonici de Waltham.
Recognizance by John le Lung, butcher, of debt of £16 due
to Friar Thomas de Ware, Canon and Kitchener (coquinario) of
Waltham Holy Cross, for oxen purchased of him in London
and elsewhere. Dated Monday after the Feast of SS. Simon
and Jude [28 Oct.], 6 Edward II. [A.D. 1312]. (fn. 13)
The fee is pardoned at the instance of H[ugh] de Waltham,
Afterwards he paid and is quit.
Decomp' Joh'is li Mazelyn' Camerar' reddito.
Saturday after the Feast of St. Nicholas [6 Dec.], 6 Edward II.
[A.D. 1312], account rendered by John le Mazelyner, the Chamberlain, before Henry de Durham and Richard de Wirhale,
Aldermen, Richard de Meldebourne, Stephen de Abyndone, John
de Paris, corder, [and] Simon de Abyndone, auditors, elected by
the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty, from the Feast of
St. Martin in Yeme [11 Nov.], anno 5 Edward II. [A.D. 1311], up
to Saturday the Feast of St. Nicholas [6 Dec.], 6 Edward II.
Afterwards he rendered account before John Lambyn, Simon
de Corp, Roger de Paris, and Nigel Drury, Aldermen, Roger
le Paumer, William de Bodele, Richard de Dorkyng, [and] John
Priour, auditors of receipts and expenses, from Saturday after
the Feast of St. Nicholas [6 Dec.], 6 Edward II. [A.D. 1312], up
to Wednesday the Feast of St. Martin in Yeme [11 Nov.] next
[On folio clv b-clix b are entered a series of ordinances which
appear in the 'Liber Custumarum' (folio 201-206 b) under the
heading "Ceux sount les articles des auncienes usages de assise de
pain et de cervoise et dautre vitaille et de plusurs mestiers de la Cite
de Loundres qe deivent chescun an apres le Sein Michele estre cries par
mi la dite Cite." The ordinances (with the exception of those
touching the several offices of Attorneys, Essoiners, and Countors,
which are printed in 'Liber Cust.,' Rolls Series, i. 280-282;
see also 'Cal. Letter-Book A,' p. 204) are again recorded in
the 'Liber Albus,' folio 198-202 (See 'Liber Albus,' Rolls
Series, i. 260-280.)]
Folio clix b.
De custodibus conductus.
Be it remembered that on Monday before the Feast of
St. Andrew [30 Nov.], 6 Edward II. [A.D. 1312], in the Husting
for Common Pleas, Roger de Paris, Ranulf Balle, and William
Hardi were sworn before the Mayor and Aldermen to faithfully
collect the money assessed upon brewers, cooks, and fishmongers at their discretion for the easement they enjoy of the
water of the conduit in Chepe, and to expend the same upon
the repairs and maintenance of the said conduit, and render
true account of the same when required. (fn. 14)
Be it remembered that J[ohn] de Gysors, the Mayor, in the
presence of the Aldermen and certain auditors of the account
of John le Mazelyner, the Chamberlain, agreed to pay to the
Commonalty the sum of 20 marks which the said Chamberlain
paid to Peter de Bolyntone and Hugh Matfrei, fishmongers, and
that it should be allowed on the account of the said John, &c.
Carta delibertatibus ville de Andovre, etc.
Carta de "Andevre."
Be it remembered that on Thursday after the Decollation of
St. John Bapt. [29 Aug.] there came honest men of the town
of Andovre, viz., Henry de Mortone, senior, John Wollefel,
bailiff of the said town, and Robert de Wodyngtone, burgess of
the same, before J[ohn] de Gysors, the Mayor, N[icholas] de
Farndone, John de Wengrave, John de Wyndesore, William
Servat, John de Lincoln, Nicholas Pycot, and Anketin de Gysors,
Aldermen, and complained that whereas they and their fellow-burgesses of the said town had this liberty, viz., that they be
quit of toll, passage, and custom throughout the whole of England,
as in the charter of the lord the King thereupon to them made,
which they here produce, more fully is contained-Simon de
Mereworth, one of the Sheriffs, grievously distrained the said
Robert for payment of custom on six bales of cummin belonging to him contrary to their liberty, and they ask the Mayor
and Aldermen, after examining the terms of the charter, to
apply a suitable remedy. The terms of the charter are as
follows: Henry [III.] by the grace, &c., to Archbishops, &c.
Know ve that we have granted and by this our charter have
confirmed to the men of Andovre that they have a guild of
merchants in "Aundevre," and that they be quit of toll, and
passage, and custom throughout our land, as the citizens of
Wynchester who are of the guild of merchants are quit. And
further, let none unjustly disturb them under forfeiture of £10,
as the charters of Henry the King our grandfather, and Richard
the King our uncle, and the lord John the King our father, (fn. 15)
which they produce here, reasonably testify. Witnesses, Hubert
de Burgh, Earl of Kent, our Justiciar, William Mar[shal], Earl
of Pembroke, Walter de Lacy, Henry de Alditheleghe, Ralph
Fitz Nicholas, Godfrey de Craucombe, our stewards, Godfrey
Despenser, and others [not named]. Dated by the hand of the
venerable father Ralph [Nevill], Bishop of Chichester, our
Chancellor, at Westminster, 15 Feb., the twelfth year of our
reign [A.D. 1227-28].
Thereupon came John of the Chamber (de Camera), clerk,
who prosecutes by the Sheriffs, and says that whatever may be
the character of the aforesaid charter, the Sheriffs of London
had always hitherto been seized of the receipt of custom from
men of the town of Andevre for their goods and merchandise,
and he asked that the aforesaid charter might be disallowed
them, &c. And because the Mayor and Aldermen are without
advice (inconsulti) touching the judgment to be given in the said
case at present, a day is given to the parties until the quinzaine
of St. Michael next, &c.
Afterwards the aforesaid honest men came to the Husting for
Pleas of Land held on Monday before the Feast of SS. Simon
and Jude [28 Oct.] and demanded delivery of their pledges,
&c. And precept was given to the Sheriffs to give up the
distress made on the said burgesses, and not to distrain in future
for payment of custom on their goods, &c.
Custoa Will'i fil' Ric'i Deveneys.
Monday before the Feast of St. Nicholas [6 Dec.], 6 Edward II. [A.D. 1312], the guardianship of William, son of
Richard Deveneys, aged eight years, given to Roger de Evre,
ironmonger, by John de Gysors, the Mayor, John de Wengrave,
Henry de Durham, Henry de Gloucester, and other Aldermen
[not named], together with two shops in the parish of St. Mildred in the Poultry, tenanted by Stephen le Pessoner and
Reginald le Seler.
Folio clx b.
Letters patent assigning to the Mayor, Aldermen, Sheriffs,
and citizens of London the whole ferm of the City and all payments due to the Exchequer until they shall have recovered the
several sums of £706 5s. 0½d. and 1,000 marks advanced by
them on the King's behalf. Dated at Westminster, 28 Nov.,
5 Edward II. [A.D. 1311].
Breve R' ad retinend' firmam civitatis.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to retain the ferm of the City
and other sums due to the Exchequer until the above advances
are recovered. Dated at Westminster, 14 Dec., 5 Edward II.