Folios li - lx
Nov 1376 -

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Centre for Metropolitan History

Publication

Author

Reginald R. Sharpe (editor)

Year published

1907

Pages

49-63

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'Folios li - lx: Nov 1376 -', Calendar of letter-books of the city of London: H: 1375-1399 (1907), pp. 49-63. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=33460 Date accessed: 25 October 2014.


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Folio li - lx.

Custod' Alicie fil' Joh'is Mount.

19 Nov., 50 Edward III. [A. D. 1376], the guardianship of Alice, daughter of John Mount, "glasyere," committed by Adam Stable, the Mayor, and William Eynesham, the Chamberlain, to Henry Abbot, goldsmith, together with a sum of money and divers household goods. Sureties, viz., Henry Markeby and John Hokynge, goldsmiths.

Exon'acio custodie predicte.

Afterwards, viz., on the 8th Dec., 6 [Richard II (A D 1382)], came the above Henry Abbot and delivered to Richard Odiham, the Chamberlain, the above money and goods, inasmuch as the said Alice had died under age and unmarried.

Afterwards, viz., on the 10th January following, the money and goods were delivered to Thomas Ectone, "glasyere," and Katherine his wife, mother of the orphan, and formerly wife of the above John Mount, to be disposed of for pious and charitable uses.

Mag'ri Calcar' jur'.

Tuesday the Feast of St. Katherine [25 Nov.], 50 Edward III. [A. D. 1376], William Debilyn, Thomas Dachet, John More, and Gilbert Perman elected and sworn Masters of the mistery of Spurriers.

Mag'ri de Cardemakers jur'.

The same day William Wirhale and John Stonle elected and sworn Masters of the mistery of "Cardemakers." (fn. 1)

Mag'ri Telar' Angl' jur'.

Monday before the Feast of St. Katherine [25 Nov.], 50 Edward III. [A. D. 1376], Robert Bolle and John Bockynge elected and sworn Masters of the English Weavers.

Ball'i Telar' Flandr' jur'.

The following Friday William Lanotes and William Vandaye elected and sworn Masters of the Flemish Weavers.

Folio li b.

Br'e pro Henr' Mortone Coronatore.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs that they render every assistance to Henry "de" Mortone, whom Geoffrey de Newetone, the King's Butler, to whom appertains the office of Coroner of the City, had appointed to be his deputy. Witness the King at Westminster, 30 Sept., 50 Edward III. [A. D. 1376].

Comissio Justic' ad delib'- and' prisones de Neugate.

Letters patent appointing John de Cavendisshe, Robert Bealknape, Adam Stable, the Mayor, and William Cheyne, or any three or two of them (the Mayor being one), to be Justices for gaol-delivery of Neugate. Witness the King at Westminster, 12 Nov., 50 Edward III. [A. D. 1376].

Mag'ri Allut'.

Thursday after the Feast of St. Andrew [30 Nov.], 50 Edward III. [A. D. 1376], Walter Gyngivere, Robert Thornegge, John Dere, James Cauntebrigge, Robert Pottone, and John Miltone elected and sworn Masters of the mistery of Cordwainers.

Br'e de intend' Admirall'.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs that they render every assistance to Friar Robert de Hales, Prior of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem, Admiral of the Fleet towards the West. (fn. 2) Witness the King at Westminster, 26 Nov., 50 Edward III. [A. D. 1376].

Be it remembered that nothing was done with respect to this writ, and no attention was paid to it (nec ei aliquo modo intendebant). (fn. 3)

Mag'ri Pouchemaker'.

Thursday before the Feast of St. Lucia [13 Dec.], 50 Edward III. [A. D. 1376], John de Lye and John Pount elected and sworn Masters of the mistery of "Pouchemakers."

Tellar' lini.

The same day Robert Chaloner and John Bechaumpe elected and sworn Masters of Linen-weavers.

Br'e ad lib'- and' decano Sancti Martini possessionem dictidecanatus.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs that they put Master Walter Skirlawe into corporal possession of the Deanery of the King's free chapel of St. Martin le Grand granted to him by the King. Witness the King at Haverynge, 27 Nov., 50 Edward III. [A. D. 1376].

Folio lii.

Recognicio pro bonis pueror' Ric'i Scut.

Vacat quia custod' orphanor' intra tur isto libro fol. lxxj post.

15 Dec., 50 Edward III. [A. D. 1376], came Hervey Begge and John Hende, drapers, before Adam Stable, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and acknowledged themselves jointly and severally bound to the said Mayor and to William Eynsham, the Chamberlain, in the sum of £200 to the use of Thomas and Johanna, children of Richard Scut; the recognizance to be void if William Somerwell de Bristoll come before the Mayor and Aldermen before the Feast of Nativity of St. John Bapt. [24 June] next ensuing and give security according to the custom of the City for safeguarding the said sum of £200 for the use of the said children during their minority.

Recogn' pro bonis pueror' Nich'i Kymbel.

16 Dec., 50 Edward III. [A. D. 1376], came John Furneux and John Basse, drapers, before the same and acknowledged themselves jointly and severally bound to the above Mayor and Chamberlain in the sum of 200 marks to the use of Nicholas and Robert, sons of Nicholas Kymbell; the recognizance to be void if William de Burtone come on or before the Feast of St. Lucia [13 Dec.] next ensuing and give security for safeguarding the said money to the use aforesaid.

Afterwards, viz., on the 30th June, 7 Richard II. [A. D. 1383], came the aforesaid Nicholas, being of full age, before John Norhamptone, the Mayor, and Richard Odiham, the Chamberlain, and asked that the sum of 100 marks due to him might be given up.

Custod' Joh'is fil' Nich'i Tamworth.

19 April, 51 Edward III. [A. D. 1377], the guardianship of John, son of Nicholas Tamworth, aged fourteen years, committed by Nicholas Brembre, the Mayor, and William Eynesham, the Chamberlain, to Goda Bysouthe. Sureties, viz., Robert Lucas, Alderman, and William Tyngewyk, goldsmith.

Folio lii b.

Custod' Joh'is fil' Joh'is Gartone.

20 Nov., 50 Edward III. [A. D. 1376], the guardianship of John, son of John "de" Gartone, aged nine years, committed by Adam Stable, the Mayor, and William Eynsham, the Chamberlain, to John Bas, draper, whose daughter the said orphan had married (fn. 4) during his father's lifetime, together with certain rents and tenements valued at £8 per annum, on the oath of Richard Wrotham, John Hockele, Michael Hakeneye, Richard Storteford, of the Ward of Chepe, John Astone, John Strattone, Thomas Serjaunt, Benedict Cornewaille, John atte Harpe, William Palmer, John Danyel, and William atte Castell, of the Ward of Bradstret. The guardian not to allow his ward to marry again during minority, in case his wife should die, without the assent of the Mayor and Aldermen. Sureties, viz., John Blanket, skinner, William Lambourne, draper, and William Wyncelowe.

Exon'acio custodie predicte.

Afterwards, viz., on the 16th Oct., 12 Richard II. [A. D. 1388], the above John Bas rendered account of his guardianship before John Walcote, Alderman, Thomas Noket, and Roger Abbot, draper, Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain, and John Tremayn, the Common Pleader, one of the principal items of expenditure being the sum of £46 16s. for the table of the said orphan and his wife for nine years out of the twelve, when the said wife died, being at the rate of 2s. a week.

Folio liii.

Exon'acio cus-tod' Kat'ine et Alic' fil' Joh'is Crepilgate.

Monday before the Feast of St. Katherine [25 Nov.], 50 Edward III. [A. D. 1376], came Katherine and Alice, daughters of John Crepilgate, who had been made wards of William Chirchegate anno 36 Edward III., as recorded in Letter-Book G, folios xcviii [b], and, being of full age, demanded their property. Thereupon precept to William Wyrcestre, Serjeant of the Chamber, to distrain the said William Chirchegate to appear before Adam Stable, the Mayor, William Tonge, Thomas Medelane, William Eynsham, the Chamberlain, and Ralph Strode, the Common Pleader, and render account on Wednesday next. Return nulla bona, etc . Precept to the Serjeant to take into the hands of the City such lands and tenements as the said William had on the day he was appointed guardian Return to the effect that the said William had only a term in a tenement now held by Thomas Clenche, who was thereupon summoned to render account. Surety, viz., Gilbert Meldebourne Account rendered by the said Thomas Clenche and acquittance granted.

Folio liii b.

Br'e de proclam' quod nullus extra neus vend' al' extraneo ad revend'.

Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation of letters patent granted by the King on the City's petition to the effect that no foreigner within the liberty of the City shall sell goods to another foreigner or otherwise to be sold again, until the question has been decided by the next Parliament, saving always that the lords of the realm and all others may buy wholesale from any one for their own use, and saving to the merchants of the Hanse of Almaine their liberties. Witness the King at Westminster, 4 Dec., 50 Edward III. [A. D. 1376]. (fn. 5)

Br'e de proclam' quod extranei non vend' ad retall' teneant hospicium vel sint abbrocatores.

Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation of letters patent granted by the King at the City's request, to the effect that thenceforth no stranger shall sell by retail in the City and suburbs, or be tenant of a hostel, or be a broker; saving always to the merchants of the Hanse of Almaine their liberties. Witness the King at Westminster, 4 Dec., 50 Edward III. [A. D. 1376]. (fn. 6)

Br'e pro civibus Norwyc' quod sint quiti [sic] de theolon' et al' custumis.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs that they allow citizens of Norwich to pass free of certain tolls. Witness the King at Westminster, 20 Feb., 51 Edward III. [A. D. 1376-7].

Nothing done with respect to the above.

Folio liv.

Billa pro vigil' fac'.

Precept to the Aldermen for keeping an armed watch in their respective Wards at Christmas, and for preserving the peace, according to custom. [No date].

Proclamacio q' nul voise ove visure ne faux visage.

Proclamation to be made against wearing masks, playing dice, &c. [No date].

Commissio ad levand' certos denar' pro reparacione vie extra Algate.

Commissioners appointed under the seal of the Mayoralty by Adam Stable, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, to levy twopence a week on every iron-bound cart bringing victuals to the City by way of Algate, and every cart and car (curtena) bringing blood and entrails of slaughtered beasts entering the City or returning the same way; a penny a week on every cart or car not iron-bound bringing dung, &c; and a halfpenny a week on every horse laden with grain, &c., the money to be expended on the repair of the highway outside Algate. Dated...... 50 Edward III. Similar commissions for the highways outside Bisshopesgate, Crepulgate, and Aldrichesgate.

Br'e pro civib' Norwici de lib' allocand'.

Another writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs touching citizens of Norwich being free of toll, &c. Witness the King at Westminster, 24 Feb., 51 Edward III. [A. D. 1376-7].

Nothing done, as with the former writ.

Folio liv b.

Judicium colli strig' "Busan".

Pleas held in the hall of the Guildhall before Adam Stable, the Mayor, and the Aldermen, on Tuesday the Feast of St Hillary [13 Jan.], 50 Edward III. [A. D. 1376-7], when Bette Bosan, "Lumbard," confessed before the said Mayor, William Cheyne, the Recorder, John Chichestre, John Pyel, William Waleworthe, John Warde, John Aubrey, John Phelipot, John Fiffide, John Tornegold, John Little, Bartholomew Frestlynge, Nicholas Twyford, Robert Hatfeld, John Haddelee, John Orgon, Thomas Cornewaleys, John Maryns, Andrew Pykeman, Adam de St. Ive, John Norhamptone, Robert Launde, and Henry (fn. 7) [sic] Begge, Aldermen, and an immense Commonalty present as the City's Council, that he had forged a bond by which John Stowe de Coventre appeared as bound to John Burwelle, fishmonger, in the sum of £60. (fn. 8)

Nomina elect' pro parliamento.

Names of those elected to attend Parliament in the quinzaine of St. Hillary [13 Jan.], 51 Edward III. [A. D. 1376-7], (fn. 9) viz., John Haddele and John Orgon, Aldermen, and William Venour and William Tonge, Commoners.

The writ remains in the hands of the Sheriffs, who did not bring it here.

Folios.

Br'e pro Flo rentinis captis in proteccionem Regis.

Letters patent taking under the King's protection all Florentines found in the City, and claiming their persons and their goods as the King's own property, by way of retaliation for the oppressive measures recently taken against Florentines by the Pope. Witness the King at Westminster, 30 Jan., 51 Edward III. [A. D. 1376-7]. (fn. 10)

Br'e quod Florentini captisunt servi Reg' et bona eor' in manu Reg' capt'.

Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation of the above letters patent. Witness the King at Westminster, 31 Jan., 51 Edward III. [A. D. 1376-7].

Br'e pro Janu ens' Senen' Venetis Lucanis Medolanens' capt' in proteccionem Reg'.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs that they extend the King's protection to other Italian merchants carrying on business in the City, so that they be not molested by any proceedings of the Papal Curia. Witness the King at Westminster, 13 Jan., 50 Edward III. [A. D. 1376-7].

Folio lv b.

Br'e ne Will's Houghtone draper ponatur in assis' etc.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs not to molest William Houghtone, "draper," whom the King had discharged from serving on juries by letters patent of the 10th February last. Witness the King at Westminster, 1 May, 50 Edward III. [A. D. 1376]. (fn. 11)

Br'e de errore apud Sanctum Martinum corrigend'.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to bring up record of proceedings in the Husting between the late Prior of St. John of Jerusalem and Master Adam Houtone, Bishop of St. Davids, before Robert Bealknape and Roger de Fulthorpe, the King's Justices, sitting in error at the Church of St. Martin le Grand. Witness the King at Westminster, 20 Oct., 50 Edward III. [A. D. 1376].

Precept issued by the above Justices to the Mayor and Sheriffs to attend at the Church of St. Martin le Grand with record of proceedings in the above suit, and for the Sheriffs to summon the present Prior of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem to be in attendance on a day named. Dated at Westminster, 20 Jan., 50 Edward III. [A. D. 1376-7].

Return made to the effect that the above writ and precept attached were delivered to the Mayor and Sheriffs so late that there was not time to summon the Prior, and execution of the writ in other respects appears in a cedula attached to the present writ and precept. (fn. 12)

Aliud precept' de errore corrigend'.

Another precept from the above Justices to the Mayor and Sheriffs to like effect as the foregoing. Dated at the church of St. Martin le Grand, 19 Feb., 51 Edward III. [A. D. 1376-7].

Folio lvi-lvi b.

Judicium Record' in Husteng' adnellat'.

Record of proceedings in error in the above suit, when judgment was given quashing the previous proceedings in the Husting.

Folio lvii.

Billa Consta bular' et Mares call' Angl' exhibita d'no Reg' et consilio contra cives London'.

Petition (or bill) to the King by the Constable and Marshal of England that the Mayor, Sheriffs, and other officers of the City may be summoned before the King's Council for obstructing the said Constable and Marshal in their duties. [No date].

Br'e de prorogacione veniend' coram consilio causa predicta.

Writ to the Mayor, Sheriffs, and Aldermen postponing their appearance at Westminster to make answer on two points—viz., (1) "la Bocherie," (2) the Constable and Marshal—from Mon day next until the following Saturday, owing to pressure of business before the King's Council. Witness the King at Westminster, 22 Feb., 51 Edward III. [A. D. 1376-7].

Proclamacio pro pace conservand'.

Proclamation by the Mayor, Sheriffs, and Aldermen, temp. Adam Stable, Mayor, Monday after the Feast of St. Peter in Cathedra [22 Feb.], 51 Edward III. [A. D. 1376-7], for keeping the peace in the City.

Br'e de proro gacione veniend' coram consilio cause [sic] bille supra dicte.

Another writ postponing the appearance of the Mayor, Sheriffs, and Aldermen at the King's Council for a week. Witness the King at Shene, 27 Feb., 51 Edward III. [A. D. 1376-7].

Folio lvii b.

Br'e pro prorogacione veni end' coram consilio.

Another writ postponing the matter until the quinzaine of Easter. Witness the King at Westminster, 4 March, 51 Edward III. [A. D. 1376-7].

Br'e pro prorogacione veni end' coram consilio.

Another writ postponing appearance to the octave of H. Trinity. Witness the King at Shene, 10 May, 51 Edward III. [A. D. 1377].

On which day (fn. 13) the Mayor, Aldermen, and certain persons deputed by the Commonalty, together with Serjeants and apprentices-at-law, appeared before the Council, and having raised a number of exceptions for quashing the said bill, which were not allowed, they asked a day to consider their answer, and a day was given, viz., Monday week (dies lune tunc proximo sequens ad octo dies). But before that day arrived there came the following writ, (fn. 14) viz. :—

Br'e pro prorogacione veni end' coram consilio.

Writ to the Mayor, Sheriffs, and Aldermen to the effect that whereas they had been summoned to appear at Westminster to answer matters touching the Constable and Marshal of England on the octave of H. Trinity, the day had been postponed until the octave of St. Michael for reasons verbally explained to them by the Council. Witness the King at Westminster, 30 May, 51 Edward III. [A. D. 1377].

Return made by Nicholas Brembre, Mayor, and John Northamptone and Robert Launde, Sheriffs, as to the custom of the City in proceedings in error from the Husting. (fn. 15) [No date].

Folio lviii.

Bille pro eleccione Aldr'or' in festo Sancti Gregorii.

Precept to summon the good men of the several Wards on the 7th March for the purpose of electing some other person than the present Alderman to be Alderman of each Ward, (fn. 16) and to have his name endorsed on this form at the Guildhall on the Feast of St. Gregory next [12 March], at 8 o'clock at the latest, under penalty prescribed.

A similar bill sent to each Ward except Portsokne.

Eleccio Alder mannorum.

Afterwards, on the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March], 51 Edward III. [A. D. 1376-7], the underwritten were returned and elected Aldermen in divers Wards by good men of the said Wards, and were sworn, viz. :—

Queenhithe: William Neuport, fishmonger.

Bradstret: William Wodehous, skinner.

Cordewanerstret: John Heylesdone, mercer.

Bassyeshawe: William Betele, mercer.

Chepe: John Boseham, mercer.

Candelwykstrete: Nicholas Godessone, fishmonger.

Lymstret: Walter Sibyle, stockfishmonger.

Bridge: Edmund Olyver, stockfishmonger.

Billyngesgate: John Horn, fishmonger.

Castle Baynard: Thomas Welford, fishmonger.

Bredstret: John Bryan, fishmonger.

Dougate: John Southam, stockfishmonger.

Algate: William Baret.

Bisshopesgate: Adam Karlille.

Tower: John Mortone.

Langebourne: Thomas Noket, draper.

Cornhulle: Adam Lovekyn, "grosser."

Crepulgate Within and Without: Robert Lukas, goldsmith.

Aldrichesgate: Roger Elys.

Farndone Within and Without: Robert Boxforde, draper.

Walbroke: Elias de Thorpe, skinner.

Vintry: William Tonge, vintner.

Colmanstret: William Kyng, draper.

Bille misse divers' misteris pro conserva cione pacis.

On the same day, with the assent of the Mayor, Recorder, and divers men from most of the misteries assembled in the Guildhall, a bill was sent to fifty-one of the more powerful misteries to the effect that they should cause the masters, servants, apprentices, and all others of their mistery, to swear that they would maintain the King's peace; readily obey the summons of the Mayor, Aldermen, and other ministers of the City; put down conspiracies; keep secret the City's counsel; and only attend at the Guildhall if elected by the misteries or summoned, or when compelled by their own necessities.

Folio lviii b.

Ordinacio pro Aldermannis et co'iariis.

Be it remembered that on Friday the 6th March, 51 Edward III. [A. D. 1376-7], with the assent of Adam Stable, the Mayor, William Cheyne, the Recorder, John Chichestre, John Pyel, William Waleworth, John Warde, John Phelipot, Nicholas Brembre, John Aubrey, John Little, John Tornegold, Nicholas Twyford, John Orgon, Thomas Cornewaleys, Andrew Pykeman, Adam de St. Ive, Bartholomew Frestlynge, John Norhamptone, Robert "Lannde," John Maryns, Hervey Begge, Aldermen, and six men of the mistery of Mercers, six of Grocers (Grossar'), six of Drapers, six of Fishmongers, six of Vintners, six of Skinners, six of Tailors, four of the mistery of Saddlers, four of Haberdashers, two of Armourers, four of Girdlers, four of Chandlers, and four of Cordwainers, assembled as a Council in the Chamber of the Guildhall, it was agreed and ordained to the following effect, viz., that any one who had been an Alderman, and who for reasonable and true cause and for his own faults and demerits had been removed from the said office of Aldermanry, should on no account be re-elected, admitted, or received in future into the office of any Aldermanry in the said City; and further, that if any Alderman be elected in time to come, and for like cause be by common assent removed from his Aldermanry, the same shall never be re-elected, admitted, or received as Alderman during his lifetime; so that, nevertheless, those who have borne themselves well in the office of Aldermen, and go out of office on the Feast of St. Gregory. [12 March], without any evidence being forthcoming of their having misbehaved themselves or rendered themselves unfit for re-election, may, after their successors have served their year, be re-elected at the next Feast of St. Gregory (fn. 17) The same day it was also ordained that any Commoner of a mistery who had been elected of the Council of the City in the past and been removed for reasonable cause, or any Commoner who should be so elected and removed in the future, should not be elected an Alderman or be summoned to the Council in the future.

Bill' miss' omnib' Aldr'is pro taxac' iiij d cujusl'capit' levand'.

Precept under the seal of the Mayoralty for a return to be made of the number of persons residing in each Ward over the age of fourteen years, and for the election of four persons who shall collect the tax of 4 pence a head granted by Parliament (fn. 18) on all such persons in aid of the war, and return the money so collected to the King's deputies, viz., John Boseham, William Baret, Nicholas Twyforde, John Tornegold, and John Lytle, at the Guildhall by Wednesday next after clausum Pasche. (fn. 19)

Folio lix.

Br'e pro Maiore exon' and' de officio suo.

Writ to the Aldermen and Commonalty for the election of a Mayor in the place of the Mayor, whom the King had for reasonable cause discharged from further serving in that office. Witness the King at Shene, 21 March, 51 Edward III. [A. D. 1376-7]. (fn. 20)

Eleccio Maioris.

Thereupon on Saturday the 21st March, being the eve of Palm Sunday, 51 Edward III. [A. D. 1376-7], in the presence of William Wodehous, William Neuport, John Boseham, John Heylesdone, William Betele, Nicholas Godessone, Walter Sibyle, John Horn, Thomas Welford, John Bryan, John Southam, William Baret, Adam Karlille, Thomas Noket, Adam Lovekyn, Robert Lucas, Roger Elys, Robert Boxford, Elias de Thorpe, and William Tonge, Aldermen, John Norhamptone and Robert Launde, Sheriffs, and the Commonalty there summoned for making the election of a Mayor loco Adam Stable, &c., Nicholas Brembre was elected Mayor to complete the year begun by Adam Stable, and the same day sworn into office in the hall of the Guildhall And inasmuch as neither the King nor the Barons of the Exchequer were at Westminster, he was the same day presented to the Constable of the Tower, and was admitted and sworn before the said Constable without the gate of the said Tower.

Carnifices jurati.

11 April, 51 Edward III. [A. D. 1377], the following butchers were sworn Masters of the mistery, to survey the same, &c., viz., Elias de Westone, Henry Asshelyn, John Tykhille, and Walter Beaw, butchers of St. Nicholas Shambles.

William Ivory, John Brounesbury, Roger Cripes, and William atte Wode, butchers of Estchepe.

William Underwode, Henry atte Hook, Thomas Clerk, and Roger atte Watere, butchers "del Stockes."

Afterwards, viz., on the 23rd April, complaint having been made before the Mayor and Aldermen that these and other butchers sold lambs at too high a price, viz., 18d. and 20d., &c., they were sworn not to sell best lambs for more than 12d. and other lambs for more than 10d. and 8d., according to their value, between the said 23rd April and the 3rd May next, and to see that other butchers acted likewise. And be it remembered that the said day (viz., 3 May) was fixed for these prices because the butchers declared on oath that they had already purchased a number of lambs at such a price that they could not sell them for less without loss; but they made oath that after the 3rd May they would not sell their best lambs for more than 10d. and others for more than 8d., under penalty, &c., and would see that all others of the mistery did the same.

Pyebakers jur'.

Tuesday after the Feast of St. Mark [25 April], 51 Edward III. [A. D. 1377], William Claretone, John Vigerous, Andrew Smythe, and John Pyjoun elected and sworn Masters of Pyebakers.

Mag'ri de Armurar'.

6 June, 51 Edward III. [A. D. 1377], John Game, Richard Owtre, John Berefaire, Robert Kendale, John Schirwode, and William Trippelowe elected and sworn Masters of Armourers.

Folio lix b.

Commissio d'ni Reg' pro iiijd. de quol' homine et femina levand'.

Letters patent appointing John "de" Bosham, William Baret, Nicholas Twyford, John Torgold, and John Littell to be commissioners to collect the poll-tax of 4 pence granted by the last Parliament on every male and female over fourteen years of age, in aid of the war. Witness the King at Westminster, 4 March, 51 Edward III. [A. D. 1376-7].

Nomina cus tod clav' co'is sigilli

John Boseham, Alderman, and John Bures and John Estone, Commoners, elected to keep the keys of the Common Seal of the City. (fn. 21)

Br'e prostatut' prox' script' proclam'.

Writ to the Sheriffs to make proclamation of certain ordinances passed in the last Parliament and certain pardons and favours granted by the King to the Commons of the realm in the same Parliament and herewith forwarded. Witness the King at Westminster, 2 March, 51 Edward III. [A. D. 1376-7].

Folio lx-lx b.

By virtue of the above writ the statute of pardons and favours granted by the King to the Commons of the realm in the last Parliament as here set out (fn. 22) was proclaimed.

Folio lx b.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs enclosing a petition presented by the Commons of the realm to the last Parliament praying that the state and liberty of Holy Church might be safeguarded, and that the Charter of the Forest might be confirmed, to which the King had signified his assent.

Footnotes

1 Makers of "cards" or toothed instruments for carding wool. In 1386 we find them associated with Wiredrawers. Infra, fo. ccvi.
2 On the 24th Nov. the Prior had been appointed Admiral of the fleet from the mouth of the Thames towards the West, and the same day Michael de la Pole had been appointed to the Northern fleet. Rymer, 'Fodera,' vol. ii. pt. ii. p. 1065.
3 Or, perhaps, "no assistance whatever was rendered him," i.e., the Admiral.
4 Another instance of marriage taking place between children. We have already seen how an attempt to bring about a marriage of a boy of ten years with a girl two years younger was thwarted by the Mayor and Aldermen in 1315, and the girl committed to the care of the Chamberlain. See 'Cal. Lette-Book E,' p. 47.
5 'Liber Albus,' i. 492.
6 Id., i. 493. Letters patent of 4 Dec., 1376, to the above effect are preserved at the Guildhall.
7 A clerical error for "Hervey."
8 For further particulars see 'Memorials,' pp. 404-5.
9 Parliament met on the 27th Jan., and broke up on the 2nd March. The elections to this Parliament were greatly influenced by the action of John of Gaunt, who, according to the 'Chronicon Angliæ' (Rolls Series, No. 64, p. 112), succeeded in pre venting more than twelve knights of the shire who had sat in the Good Parliament of 1376 being re-elected. A writer in the Athenæum has recently (28 Jan., 1905) pointed out that the chronicler understated the case, inas much as only eight members of the Good Parliament were re-elected. It will be noticed that none were re elected in the City. "This is the first occasion," writes the late Bishop Stubbs ('Const. Hist.,' ii. 436), "on which any definite signs are traceable of an attempt to influence the elec tions for a political purpose," although there is evidence in the previous Letter-Book of the King having used his authority in the choice of City mem bers to sit in the Parliament of 1365. 'Cal. Letter-Book G,' p. 182.
10 Rymer, 'Fædera,' vol. iii. pt ii. p. 1071.
11 Struck out and marked nil.
12 A marginal note refers the reader to a return made by Nicholas Brembre, the Mayor, and John Norhamptone and Robert Launde, Sheriffs, as to the custom of the City in proceedings in error from the Husting. See infra, p. 58.
13 If this refers to the octave of H Trinity the day would be Sunday, the 5th June, 1377.
14 There is a difficulty here, for the writ would probably have arrived before the 5th June.
15 Referred to supra, p. 56. The return is to the same effect as that given in 'Cal. Letter-Book F,' p. 64.
16 Among the "articles" granted by Edward II. in 1319 was one to the effect that the Aldermen of the City should be removable (amobiles) every year on the Feast of St. Gre gory [12 March], and not be re elected There is reason to suppose, however, that this ordinance remained a dead letter, as it was not clear whether it meant that all the Aldermen were to be compulsorily removed or were only removable. But in 1376 this ambiguity was set at rest by a charter dated 12 Nov., 50 Edward III., which explained that the intention of the former ordinance was that all the Aldermen should cease to hold office on St. Gregory's Day in each year, and not be re elected.
17 Thus amending the "article" of 1319 as explained and confirmed by Edward III. in 1376.
18 'Rot. Parl.,' ii. 364.
19 The Sunday after Easter.
20 Rymer, 'Fœdera,' vol. iii. pt. ii. p. 1076. The deposition of Adam Stable, the Mayor, was effected by the influence brought to bear by John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, upon the King whilst suffering with his last sickness.
21 According to the 'Liber Albus' (i. 17) the Common Seal was in the custody of the Mayor until 1319, when Edward II., at the request of the citizens, granted (inter alia) that it should be placed in the custody of two Aldermen and two Commoners elected by the Commons of the City ('Liber Albus,' i. 143). It appears, however, from Letter-Book D (see 'Calendar,' pp. 283-4) that, at the prayer of the citizens seven years before (viz., in 1312), it had been ordained that the Common Seal should thenceforth be kept in a chest under six keys, whereof three were to be kept by three Aldermen, and the rest by three Commoners Cf. 'Liber Albus,' i. 366.
22 Printed in 'Statutes at Large' (ed. 1758), i. 344-6.