Writ to the Sheriffs of London and Middlesex reciting statute
7 Richard II. (fn. 1) passed in the Parliament held at Westminster
on Monday before the Feast of All Saints [1 Nov.] last
past, and bidding them proclaim the same and see it duly
observed. Dated at Westminster, 26 Nov., 7 Richard II.
L'rad'ni Regis patens pro me dietate unius xv e [sic] levanda in civi tate London'.
Letters patent appointing William Ancroft, Henry Bamme,
John Vyne, "draper," and John Bradfeld, "grocer," commissioners to levy in the City half a tenth granted to the King
by the last Parliament. Witness the King at Westminster,
28 Nov., 7 Richard II. [A.D. 1383].
Folio clxxi b.
Br'e ad venire faciend' teno rem apelli q'd Leticia q e fuit ux' Joh'is Criel militis fecit versus Ric'm Boydone.
Writ pluries to the Sheriffs of London and the Coroner of the
City that they bring up an appeal made by Leticia, late wife of
John Cryel, Knt., against Richard Boydone, servant of John
Cornewaille, Knt., for robbery and breach of the peace, and
that they produce the body of the said Richard, who was
confined in Neugate. Witness R[obert] Tresilian at Westminster, 28 Nov., 7 Richard II. [A.D. 1383].
Returnum br'is supra dicti.
Return made to the above writ by John More and Simon
Wynchecombe, the Sheriffs, and John "Charnels," (fn. 2) the Coroner,
to the effect that the above Leticia was a free woman of the
City, and had appealed the above John (Richard ?) Boydone
before Adam Bamme and John Sely [Sheriffs] and the aforesaid
Coroner on Saturday after the Feast of SS. Philip and James
[1 May], 6 Richard II. [A.D. 1383], and they had named a day
for her to prosecute her appeal to the Mayor and the King's
Justices appointed for the next gaol-delivery of Neugate, which
appeal, according to the custom of the City, ought to be
determined at Neugate and not elsewhere, and therefore they
could not bring up the said John (Richard ?) nor the appeal
without injury to the City's franchise.
Writ alias to the Sheriffs to arrest John Colbrond, of
Wylmyngtone, (fn. 3) near "Weygh," and Alice his concubine, living
in London, in Southamlane, Temesestret, Thomas Culpyn of
London, "corsor," and Elena his wife, living at the hostel with
the sign of a lion on "le hoop," near St. "Tauntelyne" (fn. 4) , and
John Hosiere of London, and have their bodies before the King
on a day named. Witness R[obert] Tresilian at Westminster,
12 Oct., 7 Richard II. [A.D. 1383]. (fn. 5)
Return made to the above by John More and Simon Wynchecombe, the Sheriffs, to the effect that they had taken into custody
the above Thomas Culpyn, Elena his wife, and the above John
Hosiere, but as to producing their bodies, as the writ requires,
the custom of the City had always been such that freemen or
freewomen of the City appealed of felony in a foreign county
ought not to be taken out of the City, but their appealers ought
to be brought to the King's gaol of Neugate, and there, before
the Mayor and the King's Justices for gaol-delivery, those
appealed ought to answer the charges brought against them,
and not elsewhere; and that inasmuch as the said Thomas,
Elena, and John were free of the City, they (the Sheriffs) could
not bring them up as the writ required without prejudice to the
Br'e q'd pis cenarii lib'ta tis civitatis Lond' exer ceant artem suam ut con sueverunt.
Writ to the Sheriffs of London and Middlesex to the effect
that whereas in the Parliament held at Westminster in the
octave of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 6 Richard II. [A.D. 1382],
certain statutes and ordinances were passed touching the buying
and selling of fish by fishmongers, (fn. 6) these same statutes and
ordinances, at the urgent request of the Commonalty of the
realm in the last Parliament held at Westminster, had been
repealed, (fn. 7) and they were bidden to notify all fishmongers of
the City that thenceforth they were as free to follow their
business as they were before the ordinances aforesaid, but so
that all victuallers and fishmongers coming to the City thenceforth be under the rule of the Mayor and Aldermen of the City
for the time being as of old accustomed. Witness the King at
Westminster, 27 Nov., 7 Richard II. [A.D. 1383].
Proclamacio de congregationib' conven ticulis et con spiracionib' non faciend'.
Proclamation against congregations, conventicles, and assemblies without leave of the Mayor. (fn. 8)
Alia procla macio de ex traneis vital larus veniend' et vendend' absque impedi mento pisc' suos.
Another proclamation correcting a rumour that foreign
victuallers, bringing fish to the City, were not allowed to sell it
freely, as being contrary to the intention of the Mayor and
Aldermen. (fn. 9)
Folio clxxii b.
Proclamation forbidding men to walk the City after 9 o'clock
at night, except the Mayor and his officers and those who had
the Mayor's leave. (fn. 10)
Custodie Ric'i et Elene fil' Ric'i Horshulle.
20 Jan., 7 Richard II. [A.D. 1383-4], came Agnes, late wife
of Richard Horshulle, "haberdassher," and Robert Guppey,
executor of the said Richard, and delivered certain sums of
money bequeathed by the said Richard to Richard, John, Elena,
and Dionisia, his children, of whom John and Dionisia had died.
The guardianship of the said Richard and Elena and their
property was afterwards committed by Nicholas Extone, the
Mayor, and Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain, to Nicholas
Brandone, fishmonger, who had married the aforesaid Agnes. (fn. 11)
Sureties, viz., John Pigeon, "piebaker," and Thomas Slayman,
Ordinacio de co'i consilio per wardas.
Friday before the Feast of the Purification B Mary [2 Feb.], (fn. 12)
7 Richard II. [A.D. 1383-4], in the presence of the Mayor,
Aldermen, and an immense Commonalty of honest and discreet
men of the City in the Guildhall assembled for divers affairs
affecting the City, certain ordinances (fn. 13) — previously approved
by those specially appointed to consider how matters in the
Common Council had been carried by clamour rather than by
reason, and sometimes by members who were not qualified to
sit, whereby tumults had arisen—were suggested for consideration, and for a trial to be made of the same, to the following
First, in order that the Common Council might be composed
of men qualified by means and understanding, the Aldermen
shall within fifteen days of their election on the Feast of
St. Gregory [12 March] in each year assemble their Wards
and charge them to elect four qualified persons, regardless of
any office they may have held before (lessant par nulle estat qils
ont portee paravant), to be of the Common Council for the year
ensuing, (fn. 14) and the same shall be presented to the Mayor and
accepted by him and sworn.
Provided always that the Mayor for the time being shall not
accept throughout the City more than eight persons of the same
mistery, and if more be presented he shall, with the advice of
six Aldermen at least (au meyns
(fn. 15) ), select eight of the best, and
return the rest to their Ward for others to be elected in
their place who are not of that mistery.
Que quidem ordinacio est approbata et confirmata pro perpetuo dura tura ut patet postea in isto libro fol cxcvii.
It is further suggested that the number to be elected from
each Ward should be proportionate to the number of its inhabitants, and that there should be elected six, four, or two,
according as each Ward can efficiently bear the same, to wit,
that the Wards of Faryndone, Crepulgate, Cordewanerstret,
Chepe, and Bridge should elect six sufficient persons; the
Wards of "Vinitrie," Douegate, Walbroke, Candelwykstrete,
Billynggesgate, Tower, Cornhulle, Quenehithe, Langebourne,
Bisshopesgate, Alderichesgate, Baynardescastel, Bradestrete,
and Bredestrete, four; and the Wards of Bassyngeshawe,
Colemanstrete, Lymstrete, Portsokne, and Algate, two—amounting in all to ninety-six persons, the number for each Ward,
taking one with another, being four persons. (fn. 16)
Consimile [sic] bille missefuer' cuilibet Aldr'o nij to die Febr' a° r r' Ric' i vij°.
Form of precept to the Aldermen to the effect (1) that they
levy half a fifteenth lately granted by Parliament, and bring in
the money to the Guildhall by the octave of the Purification
(2 Feb.); (2) that they summon the inhabitants of their Wards
to take an oath for preserving the peace; (3) that they cause
an Alderman to be elected for their several Wards, either one
who is already or has been an Alderman, (fn. 17) or some one else, as
the men of their Wards may think fit, sparing none; (4) that
they cause two (or more) qualified men of their Wards to be of
the Common Council, sparing none for any office he may hold,
and return the names of those elected to the Guildhall by the
octave of the Feast aforesaid at the latest.
Folio clxxiii b.
Consimile [sic] bille fuerunt misse cuil't Alderm'.
Precept to the Aldermen to ascertain the number of good
and sufficient men in their several Wards that are furnished
with arms, and to charge them to get a red slop (fn. 18) (un slop de
rouge), so that if any cry (ascun escri) be raised in their Ward
they may give information to the Mayor for the purpose of
preserving the peace The names of those so armed to be
brought to the Guildhall by Friday the Feast of St. Matthias
Com'issio pro Gaola de Neugate delib' and'.
Letters patent appointing Robert Tresilian, Robert Bealknape,
Nicholas Brembre, the Mayor, William Rikhille, and William
Cheyne, or any four, three, or two of them (the Mayor being
one), to be Justices for gaol-delivery of Neugate. Witness the
King at Westminster, 8 Feb., 7 Richard II. [A.D. 1383-4].
Arestacio et imprisonamentum Joh'is North' pro riota sua contra pacem.
Writ to Nicholas Brembre, the Mayor, bidding him arrest
John de Northampton, who is suspected of planning an insurrection in the City, (fn. 19) and commit him to the custody of the
King's Constable of the Castle of Corfe. Witness the King at
Haveryng, 9 Feb., 7 Richard II. [A.D. 1383-4].
Writ to the Sheriffs to the effect that the foregoing writ, or
anything done pursuant to it, shall not prejudice the Sheriffs
or their liberties, and should not be made a precedent. Witness
the King at Westminster, 11 Feb., 7 Richard II. [A.D. 1383-4].
Br'e ad arestand' ij ho mines.
Writ to the Mayor that he deliver Robert Cumbertone,
brother of John Northampton, (fn. 20) and John Blytone to Edmund de
Tettesworth and Thomas Hore, the King's Serjeants-at-arms,
for conveyance to Corfe Castle. Witness the King at Westminster, 15 June, 7 Richard II. [A.D. 1384]. (fn. 21)
Election of Aldermen.
Bredstret: Sir Nicholas Brembre, Knt., elected Alderman of
the said Ward by good men of the same Ward!.
Bridge: William Walworth, Knt., elected, &c.
Cornhulle: John Philippot, Knt., elected, &c. (And because
the said John Philippot had died, John Rote was elected and
sworn in his place, 12 Sept., 8 Richard II. [A.D. 1384]).
Lymstret: John Hadle elected, &c.
Tower: Hugh Fastolf elected, &c.
Colemanstret: John Organ elected, &c.
Douegate: Richard Prestone elected, &c.
Algate: William Staundone elected, &c.
Langebourne: Geoffrey Crymelford elected, &c.
Walbrok: John Sely elected, &c.
Bisshopesgate: John Chircheman elected, &c.
Cordewanerestret: Henry Vannere elected, &c.
Farndone: John Fraunceys elected, &c.
Chepe: John Estone elected, &c.
Castelbaynard: William More elected, &c.
Crepulgate: Adam Bamme elected, &c.
Bradestret: Adam de St. Ive elected, &c.
Vintry: Thomas Cornwaleys elected, &c.
Candelwykstret: John Hende elected, &c.
Queenhithe: Thomas Welford elected, &c.
Billynggesgate: William Ancroft elected, &c.
Bassyeshawe: Robert Warbultone elected, &c.
Aldrichesgate: Roger Elys elected, &c.
All the above were sworn on the Feast of St. Gregory
[12 March], 7 Richard II. [A.D. 1383-4].
Br'e pro par liamento.
Writ to the Sheriffs for the election of four citizens to attend
a Parliament to be held at New Sarum on Friday after the
Feast of St. Mark [25 April]. (fn. 22) No Sheriff of London or other
Sheriff to be returned. Witness the King at Westminster,
3 March, 7 Richard II. [A.D. 1383-4].
Pursuant to the above writ, John Haddele and John Organ,
Aldermen, and John Rote and Henry Herbury, Commoners,
were elected to attend the Parliament.
Br'e q'd vital larii extranei libere veniant ad civitatem London' et recedant ab eadem sine im pedimento.
Writ to the Mayor and Aldermen to proclaim that foreigners
and aliens may freely bring fish and other victuals to the City
by land and water, and that no one is to prevent them from so
doing. Witness the King at Westminster, 5 March, 7 Richard II.
Folio clxxiv b.
Confirmacio de eleccione Aldr'or'.
Letters patent to the Mayor and Commonalty to the effect
that whereas, at the last election of Aldermen for the ensuing
year, some Aldermen of the past year had been re-elected,
whilst others had been elected from the better men of the City
in order to avoid the inconvenience arising from an entire
change of Aldermen that had yearly taken place, the King,
commending their desire to improve the government of the
City, consents to that particular election standing good, and is
willing that the same mode of election shall continue, provided
it appear to the Members of the next Parliament for the better
government of the City. The King further consents that the
election that had just taken place should not tend to the
prejudice of any of the City's liberties. Witness the King at
Westminster, 8 March, 7 Richard II. [A.D. 1383-4]. (fn. 23)
Ratificacio execucionis Judicii pro morte Joh'is Costantyn.
Letters patent sanctioning the execution of John Constantyn,
"cordewaner," for attempting to raise an insurrection in the
City on Thursday the 11th February last, and forbidding any
one to molest the Mayor, Aldermen, and Sheriffs on that
account. Witness the King at Westminster, 4 April,
7 Richard II. [A.D. 1384]. (fn. 24)
Letters patent to the Mayor, Sheriffs, and Aldermen and
Commonalty of the City, certifying that a recent order by the
King for bringing William Norton, "sadeler," who had been
arrested in the City, to the castle of Berkhampstede, should not
be prejudicial to the liberties of the City nor be drawn into
precedent. Witness the King at Westminster, 16 April,
7 Richard II. [A.D. 1384].
Proclamacio de vinis.
Proclamation regulating the price of wine by retail.
Furrur' foris facte ad opus co'itatis.
4 March, 7 Richard II. [A.D. 1383-4], John Multone, William
Wiltshire, and Roger Martyn, Surveyors of the mistery of
"Pelters," brought before the Mayor and Aldermen three
mantles of "pure menyver," containing 44 "tymber" (fn. 25) and 4
bellies, which they took from John Fauconer, "pelter," for
being of mixed fur, viz., new with old, contrary to the
ordinance. They also brought a set of furs (furura) of "bisses," (fn. 26)
also mixed, exposed for sale by John Isaak of Chichester.
The mantles and furs being examined were found to be false,
and were ordered to be confiscated, the mantles being appraised
by Stephen Daubeneye, John Halyday, and John Barry, skinners,
at £6 3s. 10d. and the fur at 10s.
Writ of Privy Seal to Nicholas Brembre, the Mayor, and the
Sheriffs, bidding them deliver Robert Cumbertone (fn. 27) and John
Blytone, who had been arrested in London, to Edmund Tettesworth and Thomas Hore, the King's Serjeants-at-arms, to
conduct to Corfe Castle, as their continued presence in London
was likely to cause a disturbance, as it had done on a former
occasion. Dated at Westminster, 14 June, 7 Richard II.
[A.D. 1384]. (fn. 28)
The above delivered to the Sheriffs to carry into execution.
Consimile [sic] bille misse fuerunt cuil't Aldi'o xix die Junii anno vij°.
Precept to the several Aldermen that they keep an armed
watch in their Ward according to ancient custom on the eves
of St. John [24 June] and SS. Peter and Paul [29 June], and
that the Aldermen and their retinue come, arrayed as agreed
upon, at 9 o'clock at the latest, to St. Paul's churchyard to
accompany the Mayor through the City, and further, that they
have with them two lighted cressets. (fn. 29)
Soliicio £xv pertnent' piie ris Will'i Pursere.
23 June, 8 Richard II. [A.D. 1384], came Richard atte Putte,
executor of William Pursere, and paid to Richard Odiham, the
Chamberlain, a sum of £15 bequeathed to John, Agnes, and
John, children of the said William.
Afterwards, viz., on the 15th Sept., 14 Richard II. [A.D. 1390],
came the above Richard atte Putte, and said that all the above
children were dead, and asked for the return of the money in
order that it may be spent in accordance with the wish of the
Folio clxxv b.
Solucio £xx pro pueris Thome Wilgar malemakere.
24 June, 8 Richard II. [A.D. 1384], came William Choune and
Robert Brifty, executors of Thomas Wilgar, "malemaker,"
and paid to Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain, the sum of £20
bequeathed by the said Thomas to Thomas, Isabella, and Alice,
Afterwards, viz., on the 3rd Dec., 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1388],
came Robert Bosse, "pulleter,' who married the above Isabella,
and claimed £10 of the above money, inasmuch as Thomas the
son had died, and it was given to him with the assent of
Nicholas Twyford, Knt., the Mayor, and the Recorder.
Afterwards, viz., on the 28th June, 15 Richard II. [A.D. 1391],
came John Chaumpneys, who married the above Alice, and
asked for the sum of £10.
Afterwards, viz., on the 23rd March, 18 Richard II. [A.D. 1394-5],
Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain, paid to Ralph Kever,
who married the above Isabella, the sum of £15 and 23½d. in
part payment of a legacy due to her, the remainder being
subsequently paid at the request of the said Ralph to Thomas
Compotus executor' Joh'is Bernes pro pueris ejusdem Joh'is.
27 July, 8 Richard II. [A.D. 1384], account rendered by
Thomas Rolf and John Manyngtone, skinners, executors of
John Bernes, "pelter," of property due to Margery and
Isabella, daughters of the said John Bernes, before Geoffrey
Crymelford and John Fraunceys, Aldermen, auditors appointed
by Sir Nicholas Brembre, the Mayor, and William Cheyne, the
Adnullacio quorumd' judicior' super Nich'um Ex toner eddit'tempore Joh'is Norhamptone Maior'.
Petition to the Mayor and Aldermen by Nicholas Extone to
the effect that whereas on the morrow of the Assumption B M
[15 Aug.], 6 Richard II. [A.D. 1382], during the Mayoralty of
John Norhamptone, he had been removed from the Aldermanry
of Queenhithe, (fn. 30) as appears supra, Folios cliv; and whereas on
Wednesday next before the Feast of St. Edmund the King
[20 Nov.], 6 Richard II. [A.D. 1382], the same Mayor had
deprived him of the franchise, and had made him enter into a
bond in the sum of 1,000 marks, as appears supra, Folios clvii—
they may be pleased to examine into the matter and cause the
said judgment and bond to be annulled.
The matter having been fully examined before the Mayor,
Aldermen, and Common Council, on Monday the 20th June,
7 Richard II. [A.D. 1384], it was found that the said Nicholas
had been deprived of his Aldermanry and franchise in error
and that his bond was unreasonable, and the Court adjudged
that he should be restored to the liberties and franchises of the
City and the bond annulled.
Folio clxxvi b.
Ordinacio pro lib'tatib' civi tatis manu tenend' it exercend'.
Be it remembered that at a Common Council held in the
Chamber of the Guildhall on Monday before the Feast of the
Nativity of St. John [24 June], viz., the 20th June, 7 Richard II.
[A.D. 1384], it was agreed and ordained that the best and wisest
men of the City should be chosen to consider how the franchise
of the City, according to the effect of charters granted and confirmed to the citizens by the King (fn. 31) and his ancestors, could in the
best and easiest manner be exercised; also to ordain touching
the place called "les Stokkes," which yearly paid £60 and more
to London Bridge, and is now occupied by foreigners called
"Ripieres," (fn. 32) bringing sea-fish to the City for sale, without
paying anything to the said Bridge or to anything else, whether
the place should continue to be for the use of the said
foreigners or not, so that the Wardens of the said Bridge may
receive their aid as of old accustomed; and further, to examine
the articles and ordinances contained in the book called
"Jubile," (fn. 33) with the view of preserving the good ordinances and
rejecting the bad.
Thereupon the following were chosen for the purpose, viz.,
William Walworth, John Hadle, Robert Warbultone, John
Organ, William Staundone, Henry Vannere, William More,
John Fraunceys, Adam Bamme, William Ancroft, Thomas
Welford, John Hende, Geoffrey Crimelford, John Bosham, John
Shadworthe, William Baret, John Rote, John Wiltshire, William
Cressewyk, Richard Hatfeld, Thomas Extone, John Forster,
Thomas Girdelere, Walter Sibile, John Wade, Henry Herbury,
John Colshulle, William Kyng, Thomas Rolf, Walter Pykenham, William Pountfret, Geoffrey Walderne, William Rule,
Henry Brounfeld, Roger Excetre, Elyas de Westone, Nicholas
Snypstone, William Tonge, Adam Carlille, William Olyver,
John Pountfret, William Hawe, and John Asshurst, who were
to commence sitting at the Guildhall on the following Monday
between 8 and 9 o'clock in the morning and to continue to sit
daily, Festivals excepted, until they had finished the business
aforesaid. Twelve of their number were to form a quorum,
and no one was to absent himself for a day without good cause
on pain of paying 40 pence to the Chamberlain.
Also as touching the reception of folk into the freedom of the
City, it is ordained that every one received into the freedom by
redemption shall bring with him six men of the mistery of which
he is free to testify to his fitness, (fn. 34) and he shall be received in the
presence of an Alderman and the Chamberlain, paying more
or less according to his estate and as the six men aforesaid may
testify as to his ability to pay. (fn. 35)
Also whereas the fish in the Thames are destroyed by the
use of too fine nets and traps, contrary to the ordinance, the
following are chosen to survey such nets, &c., receiving for
their trouble one-half of the forfeitures, viz., John Charneye, (fn. 36)
Edmund Fraunceys, Richard Lytlyngtone, and John Asshele.
Also whereas the barge of London lies in the Thames near
the Chapel of St. Katherine (fn. 37) in a bad state of repair and gets
worse every day, so that shortly it will become worthless, it is
agreed by the assent of the Common Council that the Chamberlain shall sell the same together with its fittings as soon as
he can for the best price it will fetch, and thereupon Richard
Odiham, the Chamberlain, being present, was given this in
Also be it remembered that the Mayor, Aldermen, and good
Commoners above elected for the aforesaid matters were afterwards re-elected at a Common Council held on Wednesday the
Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 8 Richard II. [A.D. 1384], as
appears infra, fo. clxxxi, to treat with the King for a grant of
Custum' con cess' pro trib' annis in aux ilium diversor' vicorum.
Letters patent appointing William Knotte, John Davy, Walter
Bartone, "cordewaner," John Elys, John Wendore, and John
Trap', commissioners to collect certain specified tolls on goods
passing through Holbourne from the cross called "Holbournecrosse" to the place called "Horspole," (fn. 38) and through Fletestrete from the Bar of the New Temple as far as the Savoye,
for a term of three years, the proceeds to be devoted to the
repair of the said streets. Witness the King at Westminster,
16 June, 7 Richard II. [A.D. 1384].
Thereupon, on the 29th July following, the above Commissioners (excepting Walter Bartone ?) were sworn before the
Mayor and Aldermen, and were instructed to repair the roads
aforesaid that were within the liberty of the City before undertaking any repairs outside.
Exon'acio dictar' £xx patet postea fol cxcvi [b].
2 Aug., 8 Richard II. [A.D. 1384], came William Hannele and
Cristina atte Noke, executors of John atte Noke, "pulter," and
paid to Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain, the sum of £20 to the
use of Richard, son of the said John, aged eight and a half years.
Adnullacio quor' dam judicior' reddit' super Adam Karlille tempore Joh'is Norhamptone Maioris.
Petition by Adam Karlille to the Mayor and Aldermen to
the effect that whereas on Saturday the morrow of the Assumption [15 Aug.], 6 Richard II. [A.D. 1382], John Norhamptone,
the Mayor, had erroneously and without just cause removed
him from all offices in the City and forbidden him to wear any
robe of the livery of the Mayor, Aldermen, or Sheriffs, new or
old, to wit any cloak party-furred with fur or lined with silk,
on pain of losing the franchise and all that could be forfeited,
as appears more fully supra, fo. cliv [b]—may it please the Mayor
and Aldermen to investigate the matter and annul the judgment
so passed in error. Thereupon, the matter having been
examined both by Nicholas Brembre, the Mayor, and the
Aldermen and also the Common Council assembled in the
Chamber of the Guildhall on Monday the 20th June,
6 Richard II. [A.D. 1383], the judgment was found to be in
error and was annulled, and the said Adam was to be allowed
any livery he liked.
Folio clxxvii b.
Diver si articuli ordinat' pro commodo civitatis.
Be it remembered that at a congregation of the Mayor,
Aldermen, and good and sufficient men summoned from the
Wards as a Common Council the last day of July, 8 Richard II.
[A.D. 1384], there being present Nicholas Brembre, the Mayor,
William Walworth, William Cheyne, the Recorder, John
Organ, William Staundone, Geoffrey Crymelford, John Sely,
Henry Vannere, John Fraunceys, John Estone, William More,
Adam Bamme, Adam de St. Ive, John Hende, Thomas Welford,
Robert Warbultone, William Ancroft, and Roger Elys, Aldermen, and the following from the several Wards, viz.:—
Tower (11): William Tonge, Hugh Sprot, Hugh Boys, Thomas
Evesham, John Northwyche, Thomas Garnet, Richard Brangwayn, William Perman, Richard Haydok, Nicholas Wetele,
and Thomas Alley.
Billynggesgate (11): Gilbert Manfeld, John Wade, John Beaufront, Thomas Girdelere, Thomas Lyncoll, Simon Rous, John
Claydone, John Claveryng, William Reynwelle, John Vigerous,
and Thomas Mordone.
Algate (3): Richard Morel, William Badby, and John Halstede.
Lymstret (4): John Clapschethe, Richard Gregory, John
Bradele, and John Plot.
Langebourne (8): Thomas Bonaunter, John Dyke, William
Fitz-hugh, John Studele, Richard Bengeo, John Hatfeld, Robert
Honyford, and Richard Estbroke.
Bisshopesgate (9): Henry Herbury, John Sibile, Peter Torold,
Adam Ratteseye, Roger Astone, Bartholomew Mildenale, John
Cheverel, Thomas atte Swan, and Godfrey Cost.
Cornhille (13): Walter Pikenham, Richard Manhale, William
Wangford, Thomas Irland, Robert Langetone, John Pinchoun,
Thomas Birche, Michael Treuthennek, Thomas Hardegray,
Gilbert Hoo, John Barry, Richard Smyth, and Thomas Leuesham.
Bridge (18): Walter Doget, Walter Sibile, John Kirtone,
Robert Lyttle, John Pountfret, John Sandhurst, William atte
Sele, Thomas Mallyng, Richard Radewelle, John Bonet, Walter
Herville, Thomas Haukere, John Burwelle, Henry Yevele,
Henry Petipas, William Bys, William atte Lee, and Richard
Douegate (12): William Wottone, William Wyght, Ralph
Lubenham, John Wiltshire, Gilbert Beauchampe, William
Smythe, Geoffrey Maynard, Nicholas Snypstone, Thomas Wyght,
Edmund Olyver, John Bisshop, and William Frythe.
Vintry (16): John Colshulle, Thomas Medelane, John Tilneye,
William Sharpynge, Thomas Goodsire, Robert Roket, John
Edrop, John Norfolk, John Andreu, John Mockyng, Henry
Brounfeld, John Wydemere, Matthew Passelewe, William
Venour, Richard Lytlyngtone, and Gilbert Mersshe.
Walbroke (13): William Olyver, Reginald Aleyn, John Basse,
William Sudbury, William Knyght, Thomas Strode, Richard
Spark, William Horscroft, Roger Abbot, Robert Resoun, John
Creek, Elys de Thorpe, and Richard Burtone.
Bradestret (9): William Wodehous, Adam Carlille, Edmund
Hodesdone, Richard Willesdone, John Clee, Thomas Bartone,
"Benet" Cornewaille, John Clenaunt, and John Wiltone.
Cordewaner stret (17): Robert Lyndeseye, William Pountfret,
Geoffrey Walderne, Robert Harengeie, Richard Hatfeld, John
Hoo, Henry Stacy, William Culham, Andrew Coggeshale,
Thomas Sibsay, Thomas Heyward, John Bradfeld, Robert Dane,
John Chyngford, John Suttone, John Wyncelowe, and Simon
Colemanstret (6): William Kyng, Robert Havelok, John Shelford, Richard Whityngton, (fn. 39) Thomas Chapman, and Richard
Chepe (23): John Bosham, John Shadworth, John Fresshe,
John Fraunkeleyn, Geoffrey Grigge, Thomas Makwilliam,
Richard Russel, Richard Plot, Thomas Pope, William Potenham,
Henry Godyn, John Sevesterre, John Pigeoun, William Hyde,
William Chicheley, John Viaunde, Richard Goodchild, Thomas
Vyvent, Thomas Ottele, Robert Somersete, John Wyght, John
Salle, and Thomas Neel.
Farndone (24): John Carbonel, Elys Westone, Roger Excestre,
Simon atte Nax, John Longe, Robert Boxford, Walter Yonge,
Philip atte Downe, William Lyncoll, John Wakele, Thomas
Pauntone, Roger Crane, Bartholomew Castre, Simon Macchyng,
Robert Brian, William Persshore, William Thornhille, John
Waleworth, Adam atte Watre, Robert Lynn, Nicholas Rote,
Nicholas Jurdan, Thomas Brumptone, and Thomas Duke.
Bassinggeshawe (3): William Hawe, Simon Worstede, and
Crepulgate (15): John Loveye, John Forster, Robert Ascombe,
Gilbert Prince, John Hugyn, Henry Bamme, John Maymond,
Thomas Willyngham, William Larke, John Mersshe, John Ottele,
Richard Rose, John Steyntone, John Hore, and Richard Serle.
Aldrichesgate (6): Thomas Extone, John Dancastre, John
Bathe, John Bockyng, John Knotte, and Thomas Reynham.
Bredstret (14): Thomas Rolf, William Shiryngham, John
Ragenelle, John Scorfeyn, Thomas Erl, Michael Cornewaille,
William Pountfret, Robert Ivyngho, William Stabulte, John
Goldrynge, John Sexteyn, John Silvertone, Henry Mordone,
and Roger Parys.
Queenhithe (10): William Newport, William Baret, John
Trigge, Robert Parys, Thomas Horsman, Henry Grenecobbe,
John Chipstede, Hugh de Ware, Thomas Chaundeler, and
Castle Baynard (8): John Redyng, John Wansy, John Asshurst,
William Shrympelmersshe, John Asshele, Nicholas Symcok,
John Reynold (?), and Walter Pacwode.
Candilwykstret (10): John Walcote, John Bownesbury, James
Snow, William Ivory, William Spaldyng, John Grantham,
William Horstone, William Gilot, John Olney, and John Jurdon.
Portsokne (4): William Burford, William Wodeward, William
Dawe, and Nicholas Longe:—
there were read divers articles by many wise and discreet men
elected by the Common Council held on Monday before the
Feast of St. John [24 June] last past (as appears on the next
preceding folio (fn. 40) ) to the following effect:—
First, it is agreed that the Common Council shall thenceforth
be elected by the Wards within fifteen days after the Feast of
St. Gregory [12 March], as declared supra, fo. clxxiii, so that
if they so please they may re-elect those who were of the
Common Council the previous year, and those newly elected
shall be as able and sufficient men of the Wards as those whose
place they take.
(2) Also that those elected to the Common Council shall take
an oath as follows (fn. 41) :—
And he who is elected to the Common Council and comes not
when summoned, and cannot excuse himself on grounds set
forth in the oath aforesaid, shall pay each time 40 pence to
the use of the commune.
(3) Also that those elected to the Common Council shall not
during tenure of office be placed on inquests, except in pleas of
land where other sufficient persons cannot be found, nor shall be
tallagers nor collectors of tallage, nor be summoned or forced
to keep common watches except with the Mayor or Sheriffs or
Alderman of their Ward when willing to do so in their own
persons. And if any Sheriff return the names of those in office
otherwise than as aforesaid let him be amerced at the same
amount as those returned. (fn. 42)
(4) Also that the Aldermen and Commons so elected meet at
least once a quarter to consider of the City's necessities, and on
the day of their meeting no plea shall be held between party
and party in the Court of the Mayor or of the Sheriffs.
(5) Also that the election of the Sheriff (du Viscounte) take
place on St. Matthew's Day [21 Sept.] in manner as follows,
viz., that the Mayor, with the advice and assent of sixteen
Aldermen at least, or more if they can be found within the
City, shall cause the Common Council to be summoned against
that day, with others of the more sufficient men of the City, to
make the said election, so many and such as seem to them
necessary for the time, and those so summoned shall make their
election of an able person, and when they shall be agreed shall
present him to the Mayor and Aldermen by their common
(6) Also that the election of the Mayor take place on the
Feast of the Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.] in manner as
follows, viz., that the Mayor, with the advice and assent of
sixteen Aldermen at least, or more if they can be found within
the City, shall cause the Common Council to be summoned
against that day, with others of the more sufficient men of the
City, to make the said election, so many and such as seem to
them necessary for the time, and those so summoned shall
make their election of two of the more sufficient and wiser
persons of the City, and when they shall be agreed they
or their common serjeant shall present their names to
the Mayor and Aldermen, as was anciently accustomed to be
(7) Also that the ordinance of Assizes of Freshforce of rent
in Letter-Book F, fo. cv, (fn. 43) be observed; and that process of
Freshforce, now abused in the court of the Sheriffs, shall be set
right according to ancient custom; but those who are not seized
or disseized within forty weeks next before the bill of Assize of
Freshforce, whether of tenement or rent, shall plead by writ in
the Husting. (fn. 44)
(8) Also that the franchises (les franchises) comprised in the
common charter last confirmed by the lord the King (fn. 45) be used
in all particulars, especially that no merchant stranger sell any
merchandise within the liberty of the City to any other merchant
stranger to sell again; that no merchant stranger buy such
merchandise, on pain of forfeiture of the same, saving the
privileges of the King's lieges of Aquitaine; (fn. 46) and that no
merchant stranger sell by retail within the liberty. Which
franchises, together with all other franchises, shall be exercised
in as favourable a manner as possible, so that if any person
whatsoever suffers hurt in respect of any of them let him complain to the Mayor, and the Mayor shall apply due remedy
with the advice of the Aldermen. Provided always that the
lords and all other strangers may freely buy all manner of
merchandise for their own use.
Folio clxxviii b.
(9) Also whereas Henry Waleys, formerly Mayor, the Aldermen, and Commonalty of London had made their petition to
King Edward I. that a vacant place now called "le Stokkes"
might be built upon and let for the maintenance of London
Bridge, and the said King had thereupon, by letters patent
dated the 4th May, in the 10th year of his reign [A.D. 1282],
granted the said place to the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty for building on for the purpose aforesaid; and whereas
the said Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty had let the said
place to Walter Blund, Richard Knotte, Robert le Treiere,
Stephen Pikeman, John Baudri, Thomas Orpedman, and Geoffrey Horn, fishmongers, by deed enrolled in the Husting on the
morrow of H. Trinity [24 May], 11 Edward I. [A.D. 1283], for
their lives, at a rent payable to the Wardens of the said Bridge;
and whereas Hamo Chigwelle, the Mayor, the Aldermen, and
Commonalty, by a deed called a "composicioun," dated Saturday
after the Feast of St. Valentine [14 Feb.], 17 Edward II.
[A.D. 1323-4], and enrolled in Letter-Book E, fo. cliii, (fn. 47) granted
"le Stokkes" for the maintenance of the said Bridge, and this
was afterwards confirmed by the King's letters patent, dated
16 June, 17 Edward II. [A.D. 1324]; (fn. 48) these evidences, as well as
an ordinance made during the Mayoralty of Nicholas Farndone,
for the benefit of the said Bridge, as appears enrolled in the
Husting, anno 15 Edward II., and another ordinance made
during the Mayoralty of Reginald atte Conduit, enrolled in
Letter-Book E, fo. ccxlviii, (fn. 49) having been produced and read,
and their contents found to be good and reasonable—it was
agreed that the aforesaid "Stokkes" should continue to assist
towards the maintenance of the said Bridge as of old
accustomed. (fn. 50)
The above ordinances so read, heard, and understood by the
whole Common Council and other good folk there present were
with one accord granted and confirmed for the common good,
and ordered to be observed for ever afterwards.
Also on the same day [31 July, 1384] was read an ordinance
formerly made by the Mayor and Aldermen for the common
weal and approved by the men elected as aforesaid, to the
effect that no denizen should buy any kind of fresh fish of the
sea or sweet water within the liberty of the City of any
foreigner to sell again raw (crue) before 10 o'clock, on pain of
forfeiture, one-half of the fish forfeited going to the informer.
Also that no "birlestere" (fn. 51) buy fresh fish before the hour
aforesaid, nor stand in any one place with fish, fresh or salt,
but pass along the streets and lanes of the City to sell it to the
commons, but they may carry herring, salmon, and all other
salt fish through the streets to serve the commons at any hour
No denizen fishmonger shall be partner with a stranger or
foreigner bringing fresh fish or any kind of victual to the City
No denizen shall disturb any stranger or foreigner bringing
fish to the City or any other victual to sell, nor shall hire their
servants or horses, but he shall use his own servants and horses,
under penalty of being deprived of following his trade for one
year for his first offence, &c.
No "hukstere" shall buy oysters or mussels before 9 o'clock
unless there be a plentiful supply (si enci ne soit qe graunt plente
y viegne), on pain of forfeiture. Nor shall any "hukstere" sell
oysters or mussels at the place where he bought them, but he
shall carry them through the streets to serve the Commonalty.
The above ordinances were also heard, understood, and
agreed to, and were proclaimed the third day afterwards,
together with the eighth article aforesaid touching the franchise (la franchise) of the City.
Also it was agreed to pray the King to be allowed to have
process of law to punish those misdoers who were the chief
cause of disturbance within the liberty of the City and of
rebellion against the Mayor, Aldermen, and government of the
City, lest, shortly, unity and concord fail to be preserved in the
presence of the King and his Council, so that the ministers and
good folk of the City may the better be able to govern the City
in future and to punish such misdoers.
The above motion was so generally agreed to by all the
good folk above written that no one said a word to the contrary,
although invited to do so fearlessly if any had good cause to
show to the contrary, but all showed themselves content, and
desired it to be placed on record.
Concessio annui redditus iiij or marcar' Rad'o Strode ad terminum vite.
Also it was agreed that Ralph Strode should have 4 marks
annual rent to be thenceforth paid by the Chamberlain for
loss of a mansion over the gate of Aldrichesgate, which had
been granted to him for life during a former Mayoralty
of Nicholas Brembre (fn. 52) under the Common Seal, and from
which he had been speciously ousted during the Mayoralty of
John Norhamptone, (fn. 53) the said rent to cease if he be restored
to the said mansion. (fn. 54)
Be it remembered that afterwards, at a Common Council
held on Friday before the Feast of the Assumption B. M.
[15 Aug.], when there were present all the aforesaid Mayor
and Aldermen before named, together with John Hadle,
Thomas Cornwaleys, and John Chircheman, Aldermen, who
were not present at the previous Council, and all the Commoners
before named, together with John Fourneux, a commoner, who
was not previously named, each and all were asked on their
faith to God and their oath to the King whether, in case the
King should pardon John Norhamptone, his presence in the City
would engender peace and quiet or otherwise, and they one
and all solemnly declared that it were better for unity and
peace in the City if the said John were not to come to live
within the liberty of the City.
Folio clxxix b.
Br'e de h'end' nomina quor'dam probor' homunium coram consilio d'm Regis paud Redyng'.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs enclosing a schedule of names
of Aldermen and others who were to appear before the King
and his Council at Redyng, (fn. 55) together with the Mayor himself,
on Wednesday after the Feast of the Assumption [15 Aug.].
Witness the King at Westminster, 5 Aug., 8 Richard II.
Nomina pro bor' hominum predictorum.
Schedule of names enclosed in the above writ:—
William Walworth, John Hadle, Hugh Fastolf, John Organ,
Richard Prestone, William Staundone, Geoffrey Crymelford,
John Sely, John Chircheman, Henry Vannere, John Fraunceis,
John Estone, William More, Adam Bamme, Adam de St. Ive,
Thomas Cornwaleys, John Hende, Thomas Welford, William
Ancroft, Robert Warbultone, Roger Elys, Nicholas Twyford,
John Bosham, William Baret, Thomas Rolf, William Venour,
John Shadworth, William Olyver, John Furneux, William
Wodehous, John Rote, Nicholas Extone, Edmund Olyver,
Elyas de Thorpe, John Hoo, Walter Doget, John Redyng,
Thomas Reynham, Geoffrey Neutone, John Clyvele, John
Kirketone, William Bys, John Fresshe, Richard Odyham, John
Pynchoun, John Ragenel, William Neuport, John Burwell,
William Hawe, Thomas Girdelere, Richard Morell, Henry
Herburi, William Kyng, Henry Stacy, Thomas Extone, John
Colshulle, John Pountfreyt, John Fremelyngham, and William
Br'e q'd Maior sit apud Redyng in pro pria persona sua.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs excusing the presence of
John Boseham at Redynge, as the King had been informed
that the said John had been appointed to act as Mayor whilst
Brembre attended on the King pursuant to the above writ.
Witness the King at Westminster, 10 Aug., 8 Richard II.
Bille misse cuil't Aldr'o pro probis ho minib' eor' loco officia Aldr'ie occupand' eli gendis.
Precept to the Aldermen to elect a deputy in their several
Wards to preserve peace during their absence at Redyng,
and to return the names of those elected to the Guildhall by
Friday next. Dated 9 Aug., 8 Richard II. [A.D. 1384].
The names of those elected in the several Wards (fn. 56) pursuant to
the above, viz.:—
Bredstret: The Mayor appoints John Scorfeyn.
Bridge: Sir William Walworth appoints Walter Sibille.
Lymstret: John Hadle appoints Richard Gregori.
Chepe: John Estone appoints Thomas Austyn.
Candelwykstret: John Hende appoints John Grantham.
Walbroke: John Sely appoints Reynold Aleyn.
Aldrichesgate: Roger Elys appoints John Knotte.
Quenhithe: Thomas Welford appoints Robert Parys.
Langebourne: Geoffrey Crymelford appoints Thomas Noket.
Douegate: Richard Prestone appoints William Wottone.
Vintry: Thomas Cornwaleys appoints Matthew Passelewe.
Bradestret: Adam St. Ive appoints Adam Karlille.
Colemanstret: John Organ appoints Simon Wynchecombe.
Bassyngeshawe: Robert Warbultone appoints William Shiryngham.
Farndone: John Fraunceys appoints William Lyncoll.
Chastelbaynard: William More appoints John Asshurst.
Crepulgate: Adam Bamme appoints Henry Bamme.
Cordewanerstret: Henry Vannere appoints Richard Hatfeld.
Billynggesgate: William Ancroft appoints John Wade.
Algate: William Staundone appoints William Cressewyk.
Bisshopesgate: John Chircheman appoints Gilbert Meldebourne.
Tower: Hugh Fastolf appoints William Tonge.
The above deputies were charged on the eve of the Assumption B. M. [15 Aug.] to keep the inhabitants of their Wards
well and peaceably during the absence of the Aldermen.
Proclamacioun qe null face congregacioun ne assemble Ne qe null gite robouse eri Thamisie Walbrok ne Flete.
The Feast of the Assumption [15 Aug.] a proclamation made
against covines and conspiracies, against walking the City after
9 o'clock [at night], except officers of the City and those engaged
in preserving the peace, and against throwing rubbish into the
Thames, the Walbroke, and the Flete.
Br'e ad delib' and' Simoni Wynchecombe vic' Ric'm Norbury et Joh'em More.
Writ to Nicholas Brembre, Mayor, to deliver Richard Norbury, mercer, and John More, mercer, whom he had recently
committed to prison by the King's orders, (fn. 57) to Simon de
Wynchecombe, one of the Sheriffs, until further notice. Witness
the King at Westminster, 4 Sept., 8 Richard II. [A.D. 1384].
The writ for the arrest of the said Richard and John remains
in the hands of the Mayor because it contained many other
Bre pro pri sona turris London' de prisonib' in ea existentib' deliberanda.
Writ to the same for the Mayor and the Aldermen to attend
at the Tower, if they thought fit (si id vobis videatur fore expediens
in premissis), on Monday next [12 Sept.], when John de Montagu,
Steward of the King's Household, and other Justices [not
named], would proceed to the delivery of Richard Norbury and
other prisoners in the Tower. (fn. 58) Witness the King at Westminster, 11 Sept., 8 Richard II. [A.D. 1384].
Folio clxxx b.
L'rad'ni Regis patens pro di midia quinte decima [sic] levanda.
Letters patent appointing John Sely, skinner, Adam Bamme,
goldsmith, William Baret, and John Prentys, draper, to collect
half a tenth (medietatem unius decime) granted by citizens and
burgesses in the Parliament held at New Sarum. (fn. 59) Witness the
King at Westminster, 27 May, 7 Richard II. [A.D. 1384].
Be it remembered that on the 19th Sept. the above letters
patent were delivered to John Sely.
Consimile [sic] bille misse fuer' cuil't Aldr'o xvij die Septembr' anno r' r' Ric'i se cundi octavo.
Precept to the Aldermen to assess, tax, and levy on the men
of their Wards a sum equal to half a fifteenth lately granted
to the King by Parliament, and to bring the money to the
Guildhall on Monday after the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.]
Proclamacioun qe nulluy ne face congregacioun.
The eve of the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 8 Richard II.
[A.D. 1384], proclamation made forbidding the holding of any
assembly or conventicle without the assent of the Mayor and
Lrad'ni Regis patens pro Will o Wodham q d non ponatur in assisis etc.
Letters patent notifying that the King had discharged William
Wodham from serving on assizes, juries, &c., or from acting as
constable, collector of assessments, bailiff, &c. Witness the
King at Westminster, 27 Aug., 4 Richard II. [A.D. 1380].